15/04/2016 World News Today


15/04/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:00.

A powerful earthquake has struck near the Japanese city of Kumamoto,

:00:07.:00:10.

just over 24 hours after a tremor in the same area

:00:11.:00:12.

The quake - with a magnitude of 7.1 -

:00:13.:00:18.

happened in the early hours of the morning.

:00:19.:00:20.

Several aftershocks have been reported.

:00:21.:00:24.

Five people from Birmingham are being questioned,

:00:25.:00:26.

as officials describe the arrests as "significant".

:00:27.:00:31.

She's accused of ignoring security lapses,

:00:32.:00:33.

long before two suicide bombers hit Brussels airport -

:00:34.:00:36.

but SHE blames the media for her departure.

:00:37.:00:41.

Definitely not every day after the manufacturer

:00:42.:00:45.

warns some products contain so much sugar and salt -

:00:46.:00:48.

you should only have them once a week.

:00:49.:00:57.

Those men are about to disburse. Engaged now.

:00:58.:01:00.

Helen Mirren calls on actresses to go for more male roles,

:01:01.:01:03.

as she plays a tough soldier in her new film Eye In The Sky.

:01:04.:01:20.

For the second time in 24 hours, a powerful earthquake

:01:21.:01:23.

The quake - with a magnitude of 7.1 -

:01:24.:01:28.

happened in the early hours of the morning.

:01:29.:01:31.

Both quakes have hit near Kumamoto, on the island of Kyushu.

:01:32.:01:35.

Pictures from Japan's NHK television showed buildings shaking

:01:36.:01:38.

There are reports of people being trapped

:01:39.:01:43.

Nine people are known to have died and more than 1,000 injured

:01:44.:01:48.

from the first tremor on Thursday night.

:01:49.:01:51.

Officials are warning that the death toll may rise

:01:52.:01:54.

Rupert Wingfield Hayes is our correspondent in Tokyo.

:01:55.:02:06.

Another earthquake. Once again during the night, in the same area.

:02:07.:02:15.

Absolutely devastating. Absolutely terrifying for the people of that

:02:16.:02:19.

region. What we have seen on television is very large knobs of

:02:20.:02:27.

people, thousands of people in public spaces, wrapped in blankets,

:02:28.:02:31.

basically scared from this double shock that they have had. There was

:02:32.:02:36.

a very big shake last night and now we have had another big shake

:02:37.:02:41.

tonight. The intensity of the shaking, although the magnitude of

:02:42.:02:44.

the quaking was bigger than last night's, the intensity was slightly

:02:45.:02:49.

less. It looks like there has been damaged. We have heard reports of

:02:50.:02:53.

people calling on mobiles from inside buildings, saying they are

:02:54.:02:57.

trapped. There are a number of rescues going on at the moment.

:02:58.:03:03.

There were rest is going on from the initial quake as well. It is

:03:04.:03:07.

difficult to determine from the pictures we are seeing as to whether

:03:08.:03:11.

a lot of the pictures we are seeing are fresh damage or whether the

:03:12.:03:15.

damage from last night's earthquake. It is a confusing picture at the

:03:16.:03:19.

moment. This second quake appears to have affected the wider area, deeper

:03:20.:03:23.

into the countryside, into the mountains. That is where some of the

:03:24.:03:30.

fresh damage has been done. It looks like, initially, we have sketchy

:03:31.:03:33.

information, but it looks like there may be some freshly collapsed

:03:34.:03:38.

buildings from this second earthquake. When we spoke after the

:03:39.:03:43.

first quake, you said you felt it in Tokyo. Did you feel this second one?

:03:44.:03:48.

No, I didn't. That is not to say that it wasn't felt here, I just did

:03:49.:03:53.

not feel it. The initial quake and an earthquake were both held in

:03:54.:03:58.

Tokyo. That was some intense shaking. This one was slightly less

:03:59.:04:05.

so, but still of the destructive magnitude. As always, thank you very

:04:06.:04:11.

much. We will continue to monitor events there.

:04:12.:04:13.

Brian Baptie is a seismologist who joins me on the line from Edinburgh.

:04:14.:04:19.

Thank you for your time. We heard our correspondent in Tokyo saying

:04:20.:04:25.

that this was a stronger magnitude quake, this second quake. Yes, that

:04:26.:04:32.

is right. It was around 30 times larger in terms of the energy

:04:33.:04:36.

released, and that meant many more people were exposed to the strong

:04:37.:04:42.

shaking, maybe over 500,000 people were exposed to strong shaking,

:04:43.:04:52.

increasing the chance of casualties. We also had tsunami warnings which

:04:53.:05:00.

have now been lifted. As I understand it am the early warning

:05:01.:05:07.

centre does not expect a destructive tsunami. That would be unlikely for

:05:08.:05:12.

this type of earthquake anyway, given that it happened onshore, and

:05:13.:05:18.

the type of fault that cause the earthquake is unlikely to reduce a

:05:19.:05:22.

tsunami. This region is used to earthquakes. How prepared is it?

:05:23.:05:26.

Japan is generally very well prepared for earthquakes, so most

:05:27.:05:31.

structures in the region are resistant to earthquake shaking.

:05:32.:05:36.

That can mitigate the number of casualties. Although there are

:05:37.:05:45.

structures like heavy wall constructions, those can be

:05:46.:05:49.

vulnerable to earthquakes. Otherwise, Japan is very prepared

:05:50.:05:55.

for earthquakes. We are being told that this most recent quake was at a

:05:56.:06:00.

depth of around ten kilometres. What does that mean for the people on the

:06:01.:06:05.

ground? Obviously, the shallower the earthquake, the stronger the shaking

:06:06.:06:11.

at the epicentre because the earthquake is closer to the surface,

:06:12.:06:14.

whether people. In this part of Japan, shallow earthquakes are

:06:15.:06:23.

relatively unusual. Usually they are much greater depths, tens or

:06:24.:06:30.

hundreds of calamitous. The shaking is often less. Because of the

:06:31.:06:39.

shallow depth, the quakes can be more destructive. We remembered the

:06:40.:06:47.

tragic incidents of 2011, which was a tsunami. How do these two

:06:48.:06:53.

earthquakes compare with those in 2011? In terms of the site of the

:06:54.:07:01.

earthquake, these are much smaller. They are about 1000 times smaller in

:07:02.:07:04.

terms of the energy released. That earthquake occurred relatively far

:07:05.:07:16.

offshore, a couple of hundred kilometres. The ball not merely at

:07:17.:07:22.

the centre. In this case, there were cities close to the epicentre, so

:07:23.:07:25.

the shaking being experienced with the very strong indeed. I would

:07:26.:07:30.

expect people to have experienced very severe shaking. A terrifying

:07:31.:07:39.

experience for those involved. Thank you very much for talking us through

:07:40.:07:44.

that. We will continue to monitor events from Japan as we get news of

:07:45.:07:48.

that second earthquake. Five people in the UK

:07:49.:07:51.

are being questioned on suspicion of terrorism,

:07:52.:07:53.

as part of an investigation linked to the attacks

:07:54.:07:55.

in Paris and Brussels. Three men and a woman

:07:56.:07:57.

were detained in Birmingham. Another man was arrested

:07:58.:07:59.

at Gatwick airport. Government officials say

:08:00.:08:01.

the arrests are "significant". The operation began late last night

:08:02.:08:03.

when West Midlands counterterrorism detectives arrested four people

:08:04.:08:09.

in Birmingham - three men aged 26, Then, a few hours later,

:08:10.:08:13.

in the early hours of this morning at Gatwick Airport, a fifth arrest,

:08:14.:08:21.

of another 26-year-old man as he stepped off a flight

:08:22.:08:23.

from North Africa. Police say the arrests,

:08:24.:08:29.

described by security sources as significant,

:08:30.:08:31.

follow a joint investigation with French and Belgian

:08:32.:08:34.

security services after It's three and a half weeks

:08:35.:08:37.

since the bombs in Brussels - at the airport and on the Metro -

:08:38.:08:44.

in which 32 people died, and five months since the attacks

:08:45.:08:51.

in Paris which killed 130. Both attacks have been

:08:52.:08:55.

linked to a Belgian man called Mohamed Abrini,

:08:56.:08:59.

who was known to have Mohamed Abrini is thought

:09:00.:09:01.

to be the man in the hat, seen here at Brussels airport just

:09:02.:09:05.

before the attack. He was arrested after

:09:06.:09:09.

four weeks on the run. He is also thought to have been

:09:10.:09:11.

caught by a CCTV camera at a French petrol station with the leader

:09:12.:09:15.

of the Paris attacks just two days before they were carried out,

:09:16.:09:19.

potentially connecting him The BBC has been told that Abrini

:09:20.:09:22.

visited Birmingham last summer, Pictures of a football stadium

:09:23.:09:28.

were later found on his phone. All five people arrested last night

:09:29.:09:37.

are still being questioned They are being held on suspicion

:09:38.:09:41.

of terrorism, The Belgian Transport Minister

:09:42.:09:44.

has resigned after accusations that she received details of

:09:45.:09:51.

security lapses at Belgian airports long before the bombings

:09:52.:09:56.

in Brussels last month. Jacqueline Galant's

:09:57.:10:01.

resignation was accepted From Brussels our

:10:02.:10:03.

correspondent Anna Holligan. What happened here put airport

:10:04.:10:18.

security under intense scrutiny. 32 people were killed in the attacks.

:10:19.:10:22.

The emergence of this document has raised the question, but more have

:10:23.:10:26.

been done to prevent their deaths? The critical report showed lapses in

:10:27.:10:32.

security were identified by the US inspectors in March last year, 12

:10:33.:10:37.

months before the bombings. The Transport Minister, Jacqueline

:10:38.:10:40.

Galant, surgery was not aware of the report. That was not enough to end

:10:41.:10:45.

speculation that she had seen a summarised version.

:10:46.:10:55.

TRANSLATION: The orchestrated chaos permits before doing my job

:10:56.:11:00.

peacefully. The investigations continue into whether she received

:11:01.:11:05.

the information and whether the right action was taken. The two

:11:06.:11:11.

suicide bombers blew themselves up in the departures area, and would

:11:12.:11:14.

not normally have faced any checks. Here in Brussels or at any other

:11:15.:11:21.

European airport. The Belgian government is struggling to defend

:11:22.:11:24.

its reputation. There is a wide enquiry into whether any judicial,

:11:25.:11:30.

security or police measures could have prevented the attacks. The

:11:31.:11:35.

Prime Minister is insisting that Belgium is not a failed state.

:11:36.:11:39.

Despite making some progress in the investigations, the presence of this

:11:40.:11:44.

report is keeping pressure on the Belgian government.

:11:45.:11:47.

There are warnings that a huge surge in the number

:11:48.:11:51.

of migrants arriving in Italy by sea is set to continue.

:11:52.:11:54.

The International Organisation for Migration warns

:11:55.:11:56.

that nearly 6,000 have arrived since Tuesday alone.

:11:57.:11:59.

It says that in the week to April the 13th arrivals

:12:00.:12:02.

in the country were 173% higher than the previous week.

:12:03.:12:08.

Whilst in Greece arrivals were 76% lower.

:12:09.:12:11.

Officials in Libya say they fear the closure of the migrant route

:12:12.:12:15.

through Greece is leading to the surge.

:12:16.:12:19.

the European Union's foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini,

:12:20.:12:23.

acknowledged that migrant routes could be shifting

:12:24.:12:25.

back towards the central Mediterranean again.

:12:26.:12:30.

It is true, though, that the corridor,

:12:31.:12:34.

It has shifted significantly, also probably thanks

:12:35.:12:42.

to the operation we have here, to the east of the Mediterranean.

:12:43.:12:45.

We can cross to Geneva and speak to Joel Millman

:12:46.:12:50.

from the International Organisation for Migration.

:12:51.:12:54.

He joins us live. Is this surge of arrivals in Italy down to the

:12:55.:13:03.

arguable success of that deal that Turkey had with EU you, to deter

:13:04.:13:08.

people from crossing between Turkey and Greece? No, there is no link

:13:09.:13:18.

between the two. We know that the numbers are down to radically

:13:19.:13:22.

increase. We also know the nationalities of the ethnic group

:13:23.:13:28.

who use that route from Turkey into Greece, over 1 million people in the

:13:29.:13:35.

last 15 months, and those ethnic groups and nationalities are not

:13:36.:13:37.

showing up in the numbers that are crossing from Libya. They are the

:13:38.:13:44.

same Horn of Africa and West African people that we have seen for the

:13:45.:13:50.

last year. We know that they know the route. There is not a direct

:13:51.:14:00.

correlation in one getting busier and one getting slower. The two

:14:01.:14:05.

distinct trends and we're them closely. Why do we see such a huge

:14:06.:14:15.

fries, 6000 people since Tuesday? That was for the whole of the

:14:16.:14:18.

Mediterranean, and some of that is coming through Greece. We have been

:14:19.:14:31.

clarifying that today. Many have been rescued since Tuesday. Probably

:14:32.:14:34.

many more today. This is not an extraordinary number for that route.

:14:35.:14:39.

We saw this last year, April was very busy, with lots of deaths on

:14:40.:14:43.

that route. Close to 1000 people were killed just in the month of

:14:44.:14:49.

April last year. We know that this is a time when a lot of pent-up

:14:50.:15:00.

demand gets released into the sea. That accounts for the large lover of

:15:01.:15:03.

deaths we have been seeing in the last few days. It is still very

:15:04.:15:15.

alarming. It is not a lot compared to a year ago. I know you will

:15:16.:15:20.

continue to monitor all of that. Thank you. Apologies for the sound

:15:21.:15:25.

quality. One of Britain's biggest food

:15:26.:15:26.

manufacturers has told shoppers that some of their products have

:15:27.:15:28.

so much sugar and salt in them, they shouldn't be eaten

:15:29.:15:31.

more than once a week. Mars, which makes Dolmio sauces

:15:32.:15:34.

and Uncle Ben's rice, to distinguish between what it calls

:15:35.:15:36.

everyday foods and occasional ones. Here's our health correspondent,

:15:37.:15:41.

Dominic Hughes. For busy mum of two

:15:42.:15:47.

Sussana Maldryk, time is precious. When it comes to getting the kids'

:15:48.:15:52.

dinner on the table, and that is where a cooking

:15:53.:15:54.

sauce comes into its own. They are ideal, nowadays everybody

:15:55.:15:58.

has got pasta in the cupboards. It is easy - heat it up,

:15:59.:16:01.

pour it over, you've got a meal When you have got babies crying,

:16:02.:16:04.

you need to have something quick But there has been growing concern

:16:05.:16:09.

around the amount of salt, sugar and fat hidden in prepared sauces,

:16:10.:16:16.

and the impact they are having Of course, it is not just the Mars

:16:17.:16:19.

group that produces these products, most of the major food manufacturers

:16:20.:16:25.

have come up with similar products. The problem for consumers, shoppers,

:16:26.:16:29.

is trying to calculate how much salt, fat or sugar

:16:30.:16:35.

these sauces contain. So concentrating just on sugar

:16:36.:16:37.

content, in this jar of tomato sauce, there are the equivalent

:16:38.:16:39.

of four teaspoons of sugar. has the equivalent of seven

:16:40.:16:45.

teaspoons of sugar. Now the food giant Mars has decided

:16:46.:16:55.

to publicly warned its customers that some of its products have

:16:56.:16:59.

so much fat, sugar and salt they should only be consumed

:17:00.:17:04.

once a week. The ingredients of other products

:17:05.:17:07.

will be changed in the coming years We really hope that

:17:08.:17:11.

others will follow us. We've taken the most exacting

:17:12.:17:14.

standards, the WHO guidelines. We believe that will set us up very

:17:15.:17:18.

well when it comes to not just and we would be delighted if other

:17:19.:17:21.

industry members joined us too. Food retailers say it is

:17:22.:17:26.

an interesting proposal but for it to be effective it should apply

:17:27.:17:29.

across the industry, and in the wake of the sugar

:17:30.:17:32.

tax on fizzy drinks, some experts believe

:17:33.:17:35.

Mars is being clever, making sure it is well positioned

:17:36.:17:37.

ahead of any possible They are definitely leading the way,

:17:38.:17:42.

but it is not enough to tackle the obesity crisis,

:17:43.:17:49.

so it is not taking responsibility for the unhealthy

:17:50.:17:52.

ingredients in their food. They are still relying on consumers

:17:53.:17:53.

to make those choices, when there is not a great healthy

:17:54.:17:56.

food supply for them to do so. Concerns about our diet

:17:57.:18:01.

and a growing problem with obesity, especially among children,

:18:02.:18:03.

has ramped up the pressure They want to show they're responding

:18:04.:18:05.

and can regulate themselves, so where Mars is leading,

:18:06.:18:10.

others are likely to follow. Germany says it will allow

:18:11.:18:22.

the prosecution of a comedian who mocked the Turkish president -

:18:23.:18:24.

under an obscure law that forbids Mr Boehmermann had recited

:18:25.:18:27.

a satirical poem on German television which made sexual

:18:28.:18:30.

references to the Turkish president. Damien McGuinness in Berlin

:18:31.:18:36.

and Mark in Istanbul. Jan Bohmermann

:18:37.:19:04.

is Germany's most innovative No holds barred,

:19:05.:19:06.

and everyone is fair game. He's also very popular

:19:07.:19:11.

here in Germany, which means that

:19:12.:19:15.

if he were to be charged, there would no doubt

:19:16.:19:17.

be widespread outrage. You make fun of us Germans

:19:18.:19:20.

liking David Hasselhoff, We mainly like two things,

:19:21.:19:23.

war and David Hasselhoff. For Recep Tayyip Erdogan,

:19:24.:19:27.

satire is no laughing matter. Since he became president in 2014,

:19:28.:19:38.

almost 2,000 cases have opened Jan Bohmermann, this German

:19:39.:19:42.

satirist, is just the latest target. They have included

:19:43.:19:51.

beauty queens, artists, who has been sued for insulting

:19:52.:19:52.

the president in newspaper columns that he insists are quite simply

:19:53.:20:06.

the critical of the Government line. He has very strong

:20:07.:20:09.

autocratic tendencies, He wants to monopolise the power

:20:10.:20:10.

in his hands and, for that, he does not want any sort

:20:11.:20:14.

of tarnished image. he needs not

:20:15.:20:16.

to be criticised at all. The President's supporters say

:20:17.:20:25.

criticism and insult are different and that,

:20:26.:20:30.

under the Turkish constitution, insulting the head of state

:20:31.:20:37.

is a crime. That was rarely invoked

:20:38.:20:39.

by Mr Erdogan's predecessors. it is a sign that freedom

:20:40.:20:41.

of expression has been muzzled. Many opposition newspapers

:20:42.:20:44.

have been taken over. There has even been the case

:20:45.:20:46.

recently of a husband who reported his wife

:20:47.:20:49.

for insulting the president, a climate produced here

:20:50.:20:51.

in which dissent is not tolerated. In today's Turkey,

:20:52.:20:55.

Mr Erdogan has the last laugh. Dame Helen Mirren has

:20:56.:21:18.

called for actresses to go She has been talking about gender

:21:19.:21:20.

boundaries because she is playing an army colonel in her new film

:21:21.:21:25.

Eye In The Sky, Film producers adapted the part

:21:26.:21:28.

specifically so that Mirren The role sees her remotely

:21:29.:21:33.

commanding a top secret drone operation from London and attempting

:21:34.:21:37.

to capture a group of terrorists from their safe-house

:21:38.:21:42.

in Nairobi, Kenya. We have intelligence of a meeting

:21:43.:21:47.

with key members of al-Shabab. We believe that they are

:21:48.:21:54.

connected to the recent We have been tracking

:21:55.:21:56.

them for six years. We have information they will

:21:57.:22:03.

be in Nairobi today. This is an operation

:22:04.:22:08.

to capture. With me is Karen Krizanovich, who

:22:09.:22:10.

is an expert in the film industry. Do you find it frustrating that Dame

:22:11.:22:25.

Helen Mirren has to make these kind of calls for women to take on more

:22:26.:22:30.

male dominated roles? There has always been a fight, getting any

:22:31.:22:34.

role is difficult for a woman. There has been a fight to get women

:22:35.:22:42.

treated as a real person rather than stereotypes. I think it is

:22:43.:22:52.

important. We have to consider the idea of, she is just playing a man

:22:53.:22:57.

in a dress. This statement is really important, to make people aware of

:22:58.:23:02.

the lack of reality that is a reflected in a lot of films was the

:23:03.:23:06.

izzard not patronising question what if she is a good actress, she should

:23:07.:23:12.

get the role regardless of the gender of the character? There are

:23:13.:23:16.

personality clashes, and what is important, and Sandra Bullock did

:23:17.:23:20.

the same thing, this should be written as a man, it was rewritten

:23:21.:23:26.

for her. A good roll doesn't necessarily mean it is a male role.

:23:27.:23:29.

There are good roles for both genders. Sandra Bullock looks out

:23:30.:23:35.

for fascinating roles, and regardless of the gender, she chases

:23:36.:23:39.

them. How realistic is that for most female actors? It probably isn't

:23:40.:23:45.

realistic. She has a lot of clout, she has produced things. To make

:23:46.:23:49.

people aware of this, to make people aware that roles are more flexible

:23:50.:23:54.

than we might think, granted, theatre started this first. We have

:23:55.:24:04.

a lot of female hamlets. This kind of change is interesting. If you

:24:05.:24:13.

think about Olivia Colman in The Night Manager that was a male role.

:24:14.:24:21.

They wanted her specifically, and she was pregnant, and it was

:24:22.:24:26.

something completely different. It is believable and powerful. The

:24:27.:24:32.

thinkers Dame Judi Dench as M, she is the first female performer in

:24:33.:24:38.

that role. It is believable because we are letting women be powerful.

:24:39.:24:45.

Just like in real life, they are. You do a lot within the film

:24:46.:24:49.

industry. Do you have to write in a different way for women question out

:24:50.:24:55.

there is an old adage, how do I write a good roll for women? You

:24:56.:25:02.

just write a good roll and change the name to a woman. Thank you.

:25:03.:25:13.

A lot more the website. We have breaking news of the powerful

:25:14.:25:15.

earthquake in Japan which has hit near the Japanese city of Kumamoto.

:25:16.:25:20.

It is a date after the quake in the same area killed at least nine

:25:21.:25:26.

people. We are hearing reports of several after-shocks, and officials

:25:27.:25:35.

had issued a tsunami warning, with waves of up to one metre possible.

:25:36.:25:38.

However, that warning has now been lifted. Japan is regulated by

:25:39.:25:44.

earthquakes but stringent building codes mean they've rarely cause

:25:45.:25:49.

significant damage. It is devastating for that same area. We

:25:50.:25:53.

will monitor that for you. From me and the team, thanks for watching.

:25:54.:26:03.

Good evening. There have been -- there has been rain across England

:26:04.:26:12.

and Wales, further north at been

:26:13.:26:14.

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