18/04/2016 World News Today


18/04/2016

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I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News.

:00:00.:00:07.

Still searching for survivors in Ecuador.

:00:08.:00:10.

As the number of dead rises significantly after the country's

:00:11.:00:13.

worst earthquake for decades, painful questions from those whose

:00:14.:00:15.

A bus explodes in Jerusalem injuring 21 people - two seriously -

:00:16.:00:33.

Israeli police say a bomb at the back of the bus

:00:34.:00:35.

Brazil's president suffers defeat in the lower house.

:00:36.:00:44.

Also coming up: It's revealed that Vladimir Putin's spokesman banked

:00:45.:00:47.

But Dmitry Peskov says it's all down to a family inheritance.

:00:48.:01:06.

It was an earthquake of terrifying intensity -

:01:07.:01:09.

and the affects have stretched right across large sections of Ecuador.

:01:10.:01:13.

It lasted about 40 seconds at a magnitude of 7.8.

:01:14.:01:17.

350 have died so far, but that toll could rise.

:01:18.:01:20.

It's damaged buildings and levelled infrastructure

:01:21.:01:23.

that was hundreds of kilometres away from the epicentre -

:01:24.:01:26.

which was near the towns of Pedernales and Muisne.

:01:27.:01:38.

And here's one of those towns right near the epicentre - Pedernales.

:01:39.:01:42.

It's one of the most affected towns, and you can see in these drone

:01:43.:01:45.

The mayor says the entire town had been flattened.

:01:46.:01:48.

Part of the challenge for authorities is reaching some

:01:49.:01:51.

The BBC has spoken to Ecuador's Ambassador to the UK -

:01:52.:01:54.

Carlos Abad Ortiz - who explained the difficulties

:01:55.:01:56.

We have only one airport in the region which is working,

:01:57.:02:02.

even though we have some problems in communication of that airport,

:02:03.:02:08.

because the problem is that all the roads that go to the region -

:02:09.:02:11.

around eight different roads - are damaged completely.

:02:12.:02:13.

This is the problem that we cannot go in the region by car.

:02:14.:02:18.

So we are trying to do everything by air from this airport.

:02:19.:02:26.

So we think that perhaps in the next 24 or 48 hours we will be able

:02:27.:02:30.

to at least put in good condition two roads, but this

:02:31.:02:32.

Let's get more on the situation with this report from Paul Adams.

:02:33.:02:49.

In Pedernales on Ecuador's battered coast, the search for survivors went

:02:50.:02:51.

Much of this town of 50,000 people has been reduced to rubble.

:02:52.:03:00.

The death toll is rising, and there are still long

:03:01.:03:02.

Rescue workers call out in the darkness,

:03:03.:03:13.

demanding absolute silence, listening for the faintest

:03:14.:03:15.

In Portoviejo, further south, survivors slept out in the open.

:03:16.:03:22.

With so many homes damaged and scores of after-shocks already

:03:23.:03:25.

recorded, people are simply too afraid to go indoors.

:03:26.:03:31.

Among the dead, Claire Theresa Crockett, a nun from

:03:32.:03:33.

Northern Ireland, killed with five others when a stairwell collapsed

:03:34.:03:36.

in the school where she was teaching.

:03:37.:03:49.

This was the moment, late on Saturday, that

:03:50.:03:51.

A supermarket in the capital Quito, 100 miles from the epicentre,

:03:52.:03:55.

shaking before being plunged into darkness.

:03:56.:03:59.

In the worst-affected areas, whole streets have collapsed.

:04:00.:04:03.

TRANSLATION: Actually, it's been horrible, horrible.

:04:04.:04:09.

The only thing I can say is that we are alive.

:04:10.:04:13.

We are asking passers-by to give us water, so at least we can survive.

:04:14.:04:23.

This was Ecuador's worst earthquake in decades.

:04:24.:04:25.

Enrique Garcia is the Regional Humanitarian coordinator

:04:26.:04:35.

for Oxfam and he joins me now from the captial Quito.

:04:36.:04:41.

Thank you for talking to us. What reports are you getting from the

:04:42.:04:48.

worst affected areas? We are receiving many information from the

:04:49.:04:58.

field, so the main information is, according to the Red Cross and

:04:59.:05:07.

humanitarian sector, the needs of water, the need of food to

:05:08.:05:13.

distribute to the population living in shelters in bad conditions, and

:05:14.:05:18.

many things. The most important thing is good coordination between

:05:19.:05:28.

the government and local and international people, we need to

:05:29.:05:33.

support people. According to Ali many damages, especially in the

:05:34.:05:43.

provinces in the north-west, they need collaboration to ensure support

:05:44.:05:47.

for the people in need. Do we have a complete picture of the damage? Or

:05:48.:05:51.

all the areas that are affected able to be accessed, or why their still

:05:52.:05:55.

places where rescue teams are not able to get to? No, not now. The

:05:56.:06:03.

government is trying to clean the roads in order to coordinate,

:06:04.:06:11.

especially in the small communities, far away from the big cities. The

:06:12.:06:16.

main helpers are going to the cities, but we need to be careful of

:06:17.:06:21.

the communities living outside the main cities. How well equipped is

:06:22.:06:29.

Ecuador itself to deal with this? Is Ecuador going to need assistance

:06:30.:06:33.

from other countries? Yes, they are receiving many assistance from

:06:34.:06:40.

Venezuela, Spain, many countries are coming at the weekend. We had to

:06:41.:06:45.

collaborate with each other and to cooperate, because we need to be

:06:46.:06:51.

careful in order to avoid duplication of effort. You felt this

:06:52.:06:56.

earthquake in Quito, which is a long way from the epicentre. No, I came

:06:57.:07:03.

in yesterday night, coming from Central America in order to support

:07:04.:07:07.

the communities. What's time frame, realistically, is there to get help

:07:08.:07:13.

to people? How urgent is it? Very urgent right now, because we are

:07:14.:07:17.

receiving information from big cities such as Portoviejo, that they

:07:18.:07:27.

need water, to secure water, so we need it as soon as possible. We are

:07:28.:07:35.

flying in tonight or tomorrow because of the needs. We are willing

:07:36.:07:40.

to do that, but we have to do coordinate with the governments,

:07:41.:07:44.

with the provinces, the Red Cross and others. Regional humanitarian

:07:45.:07:50.

coordinator for Oxfam, thank you very much. Thank you.

:07:51.:07:52.

In Japan, nearly a quarter of a million people are being told

:07:53.:07:56.

to leave their homes because of fears

:07:57.:07:58.

Two have already struck since Thursday.

:07:59.:08:02.

At least 42 people have been killed and many more are still missing.

:08:03.:08:05.

Hundreds of thousands of families remain

:08:06.:08:06.

without running water, and many are also

:08:07.:08:08.

An Indian court has issued an arrest warrant, for liquor

:08:09.:08:15.

tycoon Vijay Mallya, who's believed to be in Britain.

:08:16.:08:17.

Once known as the King of Good Times, Mallya is the man

:08:18.:08:20.

behind Kingfisher beer - and the failed Kingfisher Airlines.

:08:21.:08:24.

He has been accused of fleeing the country

:08:25.:08:26.

China is investigating reports that hundreds of children have become ill

:08:27.:08:32.

after their new school opened next to a former industrial site.

:08:33.:08:36.

China's national broadcaster reported that nearly five out of six

:08:37.:08:38.

pupils who underwent medical checks had health problems.

:08:39.:08:41.

Conditions ranged from coughs and headaches to cancers such

:08:42.:08:45.

Police in Jerusalem have confirmed that an explosion on a bus

:08:46.:08:55.

More than 20 people were injured in the explosion,

:08:56.:08:59.

What more do we know? Right now, the recovery vehicle behind me is just

:09:00.:09:16.

about to move away the charred remains of this bus. We understand

:09:17.:09:26.

there was an explosive device planted at the back. It was

:09:27.:09:30.

detonated and perhaps it had nails and nuts contained in it. Hospital

:09:31.:09:35.

officials say that some of the people who have been injured have

:09:36.:09:40.

injuries from such things. There was also another bus that was here that

:09:41.:09:46.

caught on fire with this blast, and a car, they have now been removed.

:09:47.:09:52.

This comes after Israel not seeing a bus attack for some years. That is

:09:53.:09:57.

correct. There has been a recent upsurge in violence with

:09:58.:10:00.

Palestinians attacking Israelis. There has been a series of

:10:01.:10:04.

stabbings, shootings and car running is over the past six months. But at

:10:05.:10:09.

this moment, the Israeli police are being very careful. They are not

:10:10.:10:12.

saying clearly that this is a terrorist attack, they are saying it

:10:13.:10:16.

could possibly be a criminal attack. But for many people here, this will

:10:17.:10:20.

bring back worrying memories of those times just over a decade ago

:10:21.:10:24.

when Palestinian militants would carry out attacks on buses in

:10:25.:10:31.

Jerusalem. We have heard cautious tones from the authority since this

:10:32.:10:35.

news came out. Since October, we have had this wave of violence, but

:10:36.:10:39.

authorities have also been saying in the last few weeks, things have been

:10:40.:10:44.

relatively quiet. In the past few weeks, we have had fewer attacks and

:10:45.:10:48.

then just over one week ago, the Israeli Prime Minister came out

:10:49.:10:52.

saying that this was due to the aggressive and systematic policy of

:10:53.:10:56.

his government. But even in the past few days, there have been some small

:10:57.:11:02.

instance, mainly in the occupied West Bank, but this is going to

:11:03.:11:06.

worry people that there could be a new departure. What has Security

:11:07.:11:12.

been like in Jerusalem? What does it feel like? One thing that has been

:11:13.:11:16.

very visible is a lot more people going around with guns, and

:11:17.:11:21.

increases in the security service on the streets. New security procedures

:11:22.:11:26.

are in place. As soon as this happens, entering into my work

:11:27.:11:31.

building, I was given extra security checks as I came in. Most places yet

:11:32.:11:35.

seem to have extra security precautions. One thing that is

:11:36.:11:38.

really remarkable is how quickly this scene has been cleared. You can

:11:39.:11:43.

see now, traffic is moving through. When I spoke to one security

:11:44.:11:47.

official in a different location a few weeks ago, he said there have

:11:48.:11:51.

been so many attacks that is an expertise in clearing the scene as

:11:52.:11:54.

scene as quickly as possible and is trying to make it less alarming for

:11:55.:11:56.

people. Thank you. Brazil's political crisis has

:11:57.:12:00.

deepened, after members of the country's lower house

:12:01.:12:03.

of parliament voted to impeach the government's accounts to hide

:12:04.:12:07.

a growing budget deficit. She has denied the allegations and

:12:08.:12:13.

described the move as a "coup". A final decision to put her on trial

:12:14.:12:16.

will now have to made by the parliament's upper house next

:12:17.:12:19.

month, and reports suggest most senators will vote

:12:20.:12:22.

against the President. President Rousseff's

:12:23.:12:24.

supporters claim the process is threatening democracy

:12:25.:12:27.

in Latin America's biggest country. When Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer

:12:28.:12:30.

designed this futuristic capital, they deliberately set out

:12:31.:12:39.

and separated the three pillars of power - the Supreme Court,

:12:40.:12:41.

the two Houses of Congress, It might feel right now that

:12:42.:12:44.

Congress has the upper hand, having voted in favour

:12:45.:12:49.

of an impeachment process against President Dilma Rousseff,

:12:50.:12:53.

but she remains in the Presidential Palace pending a full impeachment

:12:54.:12:56.

trial in the country's Senate, There's an economic recession,

:12:57.:13:00.

inflation rates of 10%, and, of course, the country faces

:13:01.:13:09.

a huge corruption scandal. Indeed, many of those congressmen

:13:10.:13:12.

sitting in judgment on the President are accused themselves of far

:13:13.:13:16.

more serious crimes. Brazil feels like a country

:13:17.:13:20.

in hiatus - all the while, the work A week after Russia's President

:13:21.:13:23.

Putin declared his assets and income to the public,

:13:24.:13:31.

his spokesman Dmitry Peskov has He explained that the reason

:13:32.:13:33.

HE earned four times more than his boss last year was due

:13:34.:13:38.

to a large inheritance he received Let's have a look at the figures

:13:39.:13:41.

that were released today. Mr Peskov says he earned

:13:42.:13:52.

$544,000 in 2015 - part of this being his salary

:13:53.:13:54.

as well as a family inheritance. This is over four times more than

:13:55.:13:57.

Russian president Vladimir Putin - his salary was declared last

:13:58.:14:01.

week as being $126,000. Meanwhile Mr Peskov's wife,

:14:02.:14:05.

former Olympic figure skating champion Tatyana Navka,

:14:06.:14:08.

earned over $1.3 million. It is not the first time Mr Peskov's

:14:09.:14:13.

finances spending has At his high-profile wedding last

:14:14.:14:15.

August, he was photographed wearing a watch worth over $620,000 -

:14:16.:14:20.

more than his annual salary. With me is Olga Ivshina

:14:21.:14:26.

from the BBC's Russian service. We have seen lots of controversy

:14:27.:14:36.

here in the UK when figures are revealed about a top politicians'

:14:37.:14:41.

earnings. Does it make waves in Russia? No, I want say that. It is

:14:42.:14:48.

not the first time Peskov was accused of having high incomes. Each

:14:49.:14:54.

time, he finds his way out. He said his wife actually made him a wedding

:14:55.:14:59.

present, even though it is still an enormous sum of money, and he has

:15:00.:15:03.

been photographed wearing a watch. Two weeks before the wedding

:15:04.:15:06.

happened, that was. Why did they take this step of releasing the

:15:07.:15:13.

present's earnings and then Peskov? According to Russian law, they have

:15:14.:15:16.

a certain period of time when they can reveal their incomes and I think

:15:17.:15:23.

it is just Russian law of hierarchy, which is why they first revealed

:15:24.:15:28.

Vladimir Putin's salary and then Mr Peskov's. In motion media, this

:15:29.:15:33.

story isn't digitally widespread. If you talk about Russian state medium,

:15:34.:15:39.

no, they haven't reported much. Even though this explanation about him

:15:40.:15:42.

inheriting this money came in Russian state media during a

:15:43.:15:48.

broadcast, and each time they mention such things, they always

:15:49.:15:56.

give Russian officials a chance to show how generous they are, or how

:15:57.:16:02.

law-abiding they are. This was just another chance for them to show that

:16:03.:16:07.

everyone is following law procedure and everyone is honest and open.

:16:08.:16:14.

What we know also is how rich Tatyana Navka is, Mr Peskov's wife,

:16:15.:16:19.

a figure skating champion. How did she get that money? It is an

:16:20.:16:22.

interesting question, and I cannot give you a straight answer. She has

:16:23.:16:27.

been involved in various shows, ice-skating shows, which were very

:16:28.:16:33.

popular, and now, according to her official website, she organises

:16:34.:16:36.

various holidays, celebrations, events. Can you earn that much money

:16:37.:16:43.

just organising events in Russia? I don't know. There are people in

:16:44.:16:48.

Russia you probably want to celebrate their things with such a

:16:49.:16:54.

scale. $1.3 million last year, just to recap. What sort of figure is

:16:55.:16:59.

Dmitry Peskov in Russia? He appears to be a man of unwavering loyalty,

:17:00.:17:02.

you took the blame for his boss making a public error on that phone

:17:03.:17:10.

in. Is very loyal to the president. He always helps Mr Putin to get out,

:17:11.:17:15.

in case he makes any mistakes. He just provides the explanations to

:17:16.:17:22.

some strange moves. Also, he is very famous for his moustache and his

:17:23.:17:28.

fake Twitter account. It is tremendously popular, it has

:17:29.:17:31.

thousands and thousands of followers. Thank you very much.

:17:32.:17:33.

Dozens of people who were rescued as they tried to cross

:17:34.:17:35.

the Mediterranean say that at least 500 others died when a boat they

:17:36.:17:39.

The migrants, from various East African countries, say they set

:17:40.:17:45.

They are now being held by the Greek authorities in Kalamata

:17:46.:17:49.

The Greek police are holding the 41 survivors in this

:17:50.:17:53.

We haven't been allowed to interview them on camera,

:17:54.:17:58.

but we have managed to speak to them, and they have

:17:59.:18:00.

told us what is a pretty extraordinary story.

:18:01.:18:03.

They say that last week they set off from the port of Tobruk in Libya

:18:04.:18:14.

and they set off - 240 of them in one boat -

:18:15.:18:17.

But they say, in the middle of the Mediterranean,

:18:18.:18:20.

the traffickers transferred them from one boat to another much larger

:18:21.:18:23.

one, another wooden boats, but that was already full of more

:18:24.:18:26.

than 300 people that were trying to make it to Europe.

:18:27.:18:28.

They say, in the middle of the night, that boat

:18:29.:18:31.

capsized and just these 41 managed to survive.

:18:32.:18:33.

They believe that 500 other people drowned.

:18:34.:18:36.

What happened to these 41 people, who include Ethiopians, Sudanese,

:18:37.:18:41.

Somalis and Egyptians, they say that a Filipino cargo ship

:18:42.:18:45.

rescued them and then brought them here to Greece, where, apparently,

:18:46.:18:52.

they initially were very, very reluctant to get on land.

:18:53.:18:56.

They didn't want to be handed over to the Greek authorities

:18:57.:18:58.

because they were so determined to get to Italy.

:18:59.:19:02.

Now, I ought to add that no officials have managed give any

:19:03.:19:08.

details about this disaster, which, if true, will

:19:09.:19:10.

to have happened since this entire migrant crisis began.

:19:11.:19:16.

Signs of Iran coming back in from the cold -

:19:17.:19:19.

it's held its highest level talks with Europe for more than a decade.

:19:20.:19:23.

The EU's foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini spent Saturday

:19:24.:19:29.

in the Iranian capital Tehran with seven other top officials.

:19:30.:19:31.

This comes after Iran met its obligations under last

:19:32.:19:34.

year's historic nuclear deal, paving the way for the lifting

:19:35.:19:36.

Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet

:19:37.:19:39.

Europe's top diplomat sweeps into Iran's Foreign Ministry, backed

:19:40.:19:47.

There's a warm welcome from Iran's foreign minister Zarif.

:19:48.:19:53.

At the press conference, Miss Mogherini hails a new start.

:19:54.:20:11.

And we want, as Europeans, Iranian people to have and to see

:20:12.:20:13.

the benefits of this agreement turning into changes

:20:14.:20:16.

Europe's commissioners are here to talk about everything

:20:17.:20:21.

from banking and business to science and student exchanges.

:20:22.:20:24.

All possible because financial sanctions were lifted

:20:25.:20:26.

But on the streets of Tehran today, people still don't see much change.

:20:27.:20:35.

Major European banks and businesses are still wary of dealing with Iran.

:20:36.:20:41.

A shopkeeper says, we thought business would be booming

:20:42.:20:44.

We hoped prices would come down, but they haven't, she complains.

:20:45.:20:56.

We hope to God change will come soon.

:20:57.:21:00.

Iran's Foreign Minister tells me, Iranians will only wait so long.

:21:01.:21:04.

I believe Iran is very hopeful about the future.

:21:05.:21:08.

Iranians see the benefits of engagement and they have shown

:21:09.:21:11.

If they do not see change, they will change their mind.

:21:12.:21:20.

But the nuclear deal didn't solve everything.

:21:21.:21:22.

Sanctions linked to human rights and terrorism are still in place.

:21:23.:21:26.

Most Iranians wanted the nuclear deal to achieve a greater engagement

:21:27.:21:29.

with the outside world, and most of all the West.

:21:30.:21:34.

Europe's visit is a strong symbol of that, but both sides still wanted

:21:35.:21:38.

to see far greater changes if this new relationship is to have any

:21:39.:21:42.

The Hollywood couple Johnny Depp and Amber Heard have appeared

:21:43.:21:48.

in court in Queensland, Australia, to answer charges

:21:49.:21:50.

concerning their pet dogs being smuggled into the country last year.

:21:51.:21:56.

The couple have also appeared in a video made public

:21:57.:21:58.

by Australia's Department of Agriculture -

:21:59.:21:59.

A little bit of Hollywood in Queensland, Australia.

:22:00.:22:08.

Amber Heard back down under to defend herself in a case

:22:09.:22:15.

It dates back to May last year, when the couple were staying

:22:16.:22:19.

at this Gold Coast Villa on a break from filming.

:22:20.:22:22.

With them, their two pet Yorkshire terriers,

:22:23.:22:25.

The dogs had first been spotted at this local grooming salon.

:22:26.:22:32.

It wasn't long before Amber Heard was charged with illegally

:22:33.:22:34.

A crime with a maximum penalty of ten years in prison.

:22:35.:22:41.

And in court today, the couple submitted this somewhat

:22:42.:22:43.

Australia is a wonderful island, with a treasure trove of unique

:22:44.:22:50.

Australia is free of many pests and diseases that are

:22:51.:22:58.

That is why Australia has to have such strong bio-security laws.

:22:59.:23:04.

And Australians are just as unique, both warm and direct.

:23:05.:23:08.

When you disrespect Australian law, they will tell you firmly.

:23:09.:23:12.

I am truly sorry that Pistol and Boo were not declared.

:23:13.:23:15.

Declare everything when you enter Australia.

:23:16.:23:23.

In the end, the Hollywood couple left court with Amber Heard having

:23:24.:23:26.

been sentenced to just a month's probation.

:23:27.:23:33.

The more serious charges were dropped, after Miss Heard

:23:34.:23:35.

agreed to plead guilty to filling in her customs document wrongly.

:23:36.:23:38.

For Amber Heard, no conviction and no fine, and some people will be

:23:39.:23:41.

wondering whether this case was worth all the fuss and, indeed,

:23:42.:23:44.

When does standing still help you move faster?

:23:45.:23:56.

It may sound counterintuitive, but an experiment by the transport

:23:57.:23:58.

authorities here in London has found congestion is eased when commuters

:23:59.:24:01.

stand on - rather than walk up - escalators.

:24:02.:24:05.

And today the theory was put into practice.

:24:06.:24:07.

It's a rule that's been drilled into travellers and commuters

:24:08.:24:13.

on transport networks across the country for

:24:14.:24:14.

When on an escalator, you stand on the right

:24:15.:24:19.

Apart from, that is, if you're on this escalator at

:24:20.:24:24.

Ladies and gentlemen, if you can stand on both sides

:24:25.:24:29.

of this escalator... Here, last November,

:24:30.:24:30.

for one hour a day, commuters were part

:24:31.:24:32.

of an experiment that seemed to go against all traveller logic.

:24:33.:24:35.

Standing on both sides of the escalator to speed

:24:36.:24:38.

up the flow of people through the station.

:24:39.:24:41.

The escalators at Holborn are around 24 metres long.

:24:42.:24:45.

That is the equivalent of climbing a six-storey building

:24:46.:24:50.

if you choose to walk, and most people don't want to.

:24:51.:24:53.

So they queue to stand on the right, creating a bottleneck

:24:54.:24:56.

But if you have standing on both sides, that bottleneck is reduced

:24:57.:25:01.

and the escalator can carry 50% more commuters at peak times.

:25:02.:25:06.

However, despite the success of this initial study,

:25:07.:25:08.

From today, and for the next six months, a new Transport for London

:25:09.:25:16.

trial will turn one escalator over to full-time stadnding use,

:25:17.:25:18.

but it may take considerably longer to change a century

:25:19.:25:21.

Trying to tell London commuters what to do is not unenviable task.

:25:22.:25:35.

The number of people confirmed dead after Saturday's devastating

:25:36.:25:43.

earthquake in Ecuador has risen to 350.

:25:44.:25:44.

Rescue teams have been flying in from abroad to help

:25:45.:25:47.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:48.:26:07.

After the cold snap over the weekend, it looks like spring will

:26:08.:26:10.

make a

:26:11.:26:12.

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