19/04/2016 World News Today


19/04/2016

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New York is holding presidential primaries key for both Republican

:00:00.:00:10.

and Democratic frontrunners after their recent defeats.

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Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump need wins to secure their positions

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at the front of the pack, and put them on the road

:00:18.:00:20.

An explosion in Kabul has heralded the start

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Nearly 30 people are killed, over 300 are injured.

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Also coming up, a replica of a 2,000-year-old Syrian arch

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destroyed by the Islamic State group is being put up in

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And, 400 years after William Shakespeare's death,

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the stage now extends to the digital world,

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It's primary day in New York State, where the two frontrunners

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in America's presidential race are hoping to get their

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In the Republican contest, Donald Trump leads Ted Cruz,

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He needs 1,237 delegates to automatically clinch

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the nomination, and New York, with 95 delegates at stake, would be

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John Kasich is just hanging in third place.

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He needs something really special to stay in the race.

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For the Democratic Party, Hillary Clinton is almost 700

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He needs a strong victory in New York, where 291

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delegates are at stake, if he is to overtake

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More about the numbers in a moment but first,

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let's not forget that New York City is Donald Trump's hometown.

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Nick Bryant reports on how his politics can be traced

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His name is emblazoned all over the city.

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This is where he built his corporate brand, but the politics

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of Donald Trump can also be traced back to New York and the seismic

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events that had such a traumatising effect.

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Manhattan Island was not only the site of the destruction

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of the Twin Towers in September, 2001, but also the collapse

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of Lehman Brothers in September 2008.

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All these years on from 9/11 and the financial crash,

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-- those two massive convulsions continue to shape the contours

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of American politics and Donald Trump has exploited fears

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about Islamist terrorism and frustrations about the economy.

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Take the ferry to Staten Island where you'll find a blue collar

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"Make America great again" is a slogan that sounds

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His auto repair business is yet to rebound from the great recession

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and, like so many other working Americans, his income

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I have a business and you see it every day, people come in,

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to repair their cars or whatever they're going to do.

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It is always, I just haven't got it right now.

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They're just trying to make ends meet and I can understand that.

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I think we've got a good guy going there.

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Friday prayers in Uptown Manhattan, where worshippers come dressed

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No city has a richer tradition of ethnic diversity but the memory

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9/11 continues to stir fears of the other,

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A recent poll suggested a majority of voters support Donald Trump's

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proposed ban on foreign Muslims entering the country and that's made

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these Americans feel like outsiders in their homeland.

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I think he is trying to do what he wants to do to get votes.

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He's trying to pander to his audience.

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New York has always stood as a symbol, not just of America's

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brash self-confidence, but its optimistic spirit.

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Fear and frustration have propelled the presidential ambitions of one

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of its most famous sons, but not enough perhaps to take him

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Let's cross live to New York and speak to our

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A highly populated state with a lot of delegates up for grabs. How

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crucial is New York? It is crucial on both sides of the race. The

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Democratic and Republican side. I am at a polling station, a synagogue in

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midtown Manhattan where Donald Trump himself voted a few hours ago and

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now rumours that his wife is going to be voting here in the next few

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minutes. We'll bring that to you if it happens. New York is significant

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for Donald Trump because if he wins over 50% of the vote across the

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state in every district and then he would win all native five of the

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delegates up for grabs and bring him closer to the magic figure of 1237,

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and make it more likely to avoid the possibility of a contested

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convention, the idea he could be up against Ted Cruz and after a first

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ballot delegates would be able to cast their vote for whoever they

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wanted. For him to win back tonight would be highly significant for the

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momentum of his campaign going forward. How much enthusiasm do you

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sense for this primary and what have been the biggest issues? There is a

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lot of enthusiasm. When I left my home this morning, I walked past the

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polling station after I dropped my children off and there were so many

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people voting. Walking across Manhattan to this polling station,

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there were Bernie Sanders supporters outside one of the Donald Trump

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hotels, there is a lot of enthusiasm but the question is whether it will

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turn into a big turnout and that is crucial for Bernie Sanders in the

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race against Hillary Clinton. He has drawn thousands of people with his

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populist anti-Wall Street message but the rules are very strict in New

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York in who can vote in a primary, what is called a closed primary, and

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you have to be registered to a party by March or you cannot vote. The

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question is if Hillary Clinton could win big and get a big proportion of

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the 291 delegates then it would allow her to claim she is the

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candidate in waiting. And that people could say Bernie Sanders'

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attacks on her are damaging her hopes. There was an unfortunate

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gaffe by Donald Trump on social media, so will that dent the day for

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him? At a rally in Buffalo he talked about 7-11 when he meant the date of

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9/11, the terrorist attacks here in New York City but remember that gas

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is it is not dented his popularity. His supporters are very loyal and if

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attacked the rally around him. It will be fascinating for Donald

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Trump. He is leading in double digits to swamp Ted Cruz, who marked

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New York values, which Donald Trump has made hay with. And how will John

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Kasich du? Will he do well in the boroughs north of New York City for

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people who feel Ted Cruz is too conservative and they are worried by

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what Donald Trump represents? Could John Kasich do well? All things to

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watch for. And we've got plenty more on both

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parties' tense race for Just go to BBC.com/US2016,

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where you'll find interviews with New Yorkers about why they're

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backing their chosen candidates, and a video explaining just why

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the state is so important To Afghanistan now,

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where the Taliban have killed almost 30 people and injured at least 300

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in an attack right in the heart The insurgents struck at the height

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of the rush hour, targeting offices Let's show you more closely

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where this attack took place. It happened near the Defence

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Ministry and the Presidential It's the most deadly single attack

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in the Afghan capital since 2011. A fierce firefight in the centre

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of Kabul at the height The attack began with a suicide car

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bombing at the entrance to the headquarters

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of a Special Forces unit that TRANSLATION: While I was inside my

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office, a very big It hit the walls, glass

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and windows of our building. As you can see, there is some

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suicide attackers in the area. That first attack was quickly

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followed by another, as more fighters and

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suicide bombers stormed The car bomb went off close

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to houses and Government buildings. More than 300 are said

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to have been injured. The smoke was seen rising

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close to the US embassy, which did sound the alarms,

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they there were not under attack. TRANSLATION: The windows

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and glass fell on people. Several were wounded in the market

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where I was. TRANSLATION: We received 19 wounded,

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some in serious condition. Our services are ready

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to treat their injuries. The Taliban has claimed

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responsibility, just a week after announcing the beginning

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of its spring offensive. The insurgency has been gaining

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strength since NATO troops withdrew. Even as the Government

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in Kabul tries to bring them Some say the group is stronger today

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than since it was driven Record rainfall has hit Houston

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in the United States, resulting in flash flooding

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and rivers bursting their banks. Five people have been killed

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and more than 1,000 rescued The Texas governor has declared

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a state of emergency and thousands have been left

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without power as well. Wading through waters

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in the north of the city, families used what they could find

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to bring people to safety. Some had to be more

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inventive than others. Nearly 70 horses got caught up

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in the rising waters. Rescuers pulling them to dry land

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one by one. This rainfall is being described

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by some meteorologists as historic. Caught on live television,

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this reporter pulls a man What were you thinking in the moment

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that water started going up? How can I get out of here,

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can I open the door? I opened the door and you were kind

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enough to tell me to swim and that's Following the heavy rainfall,

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five people have died, around 1,000 homes flooded,

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and nearly 70,000 people There have been some areas

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that received at much as 10 inches of rainfall,

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some 12 and many in the northern end As roads became rivers

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it was a race to rescue some. Others had to make their

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own way to dry land. We are still recovering

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from last year. Despite the city being prone

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the heavy rain, this People are being evacuated and

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advised not to travel in the city. Please remember the easy phrase,

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turn around, don't drown. But as more rain is expected,

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communities are stepping in to help, no matter how

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unusual the help may be. In Ecuador, at least 413 people

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are known to have died and more than two thousand have been injured

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in the earthquake that struck The 7.8 magnitude quake hit

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on the Pacific coast - Pedernales was one of the towns very

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close to the epicentre - The government is now continuing

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to search for survivors and says the cost of rebuilding could run

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into the billions of dollars. Let's have a listen

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to one of the survivors - and a Red Cross worker

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about their experience TRANSLATION: We have no house,

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that's why we are here since Saturday night. We came here because

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people were running this way. TRANSLATION: We are coming and going

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with patients. The problem will come later after a week or eight days. We

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hope people don't forget about them because all the authorities are

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working hard. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. Aid supplies airlifted by American

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military planes are beginning to arrive in areas hit

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by earthquakes in Japan last week. 100,000 people have

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been left homeless. Many are sleeping at evacuation

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centres and in cars. More bodies buried under mudslides

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have been recovered, meaning the official death toll

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of 44 will rise further. Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm

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Turnbull has confirmed a general Angry protesters took to the streets

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of Cairo after police shot dead a protest after what witnesses say was

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over the price of a cup of tea. A senior police officer confirmed the

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argument was over how much of a cup of tea cost.

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Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has confirmed a general

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election will be held on the 2nd of July.

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It comes after Parliament rejected legislation aimed at changing labour

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laws for unions in the construction industry, the second time

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Chinese state television says a computer specialist has received

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the death sentence after being found guilty of espionage.

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Local TV said Huang Yu worked at a research agency in southern

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China's Sichuan province, specialising in government

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It said he sold secret documents to unnamed foreign

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In the German city of Dresden, a court case opened today

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against the founder and leader of Germany's anti-Islam

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of inciting racial hatred after he referred to asylum

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seekers on Facebook in 2014 as "scumbags" and "vermin".

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Mr Bachmann says someone else wrote those derogatory comments.

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But at the same time in a statement to the court, he said freedom

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of speech should allow such opinions to be expressed.

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Our correspondent Damien McGuinness has more from Berlin.

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Lutz Bachmann turned up to court this morning with his eyes covered,

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a mocking symbol of how he believes he is censored by German media.

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"We are the people," supporters chant.

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A phrase used by the protest movement against Communism

:15:58.:16:05.

in eastern Germany during the 1980s, but which has now been taken up

:16:06.:16:08.

by Mr Bachmann's anti-Islam Pegida movement.

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These people accuse the German establishment of suppressing free

:16:11.:16:13.

speech, but Germany's authorities say Mr Bachmann's comments have

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whipped up anti-foreign hatred and xenophobic sentiments.

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TRANSLATION: Dresden state prosecutors have

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We accuse the defendant of insulting asylum seekers and refugees

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in a publicly accessible Facebook comment.

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In addition, he is said to have denied them

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The reason why this is such a serious charge is that

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Mr Bachmann's critics say his comments have

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helped spark violent attacks on asylum seekers.

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Last year, there were almost 1,000 offences committed

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against migrants and refugees, including 76 cases of arson

:16:55.:16:58.

At its high point, Pegida's weekly anti-Islam marches in Dresden

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attracted 25,000 participants last year, but the movement appears to be

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losing steam, with only a couple of thousand now

:17:15.:17:17.

But Mr Bachmann enjoys the role of martyr and, if he is convicted,

:17:18.:17:25.

that could well give a boost to his supporters by

:17:26.:17:32.

playing into their claims that they are being victimised

:17:33.:17:34.

A replica of a 2,000-year-old arch destroyed by so-called Islamic State

:17:35.:17:41.

in Palmyra has been unveiled in central London.

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Last month, forces loyal to President Assad recaptured

:17:45.:17:47.

During the ten months it was under IS control,

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many buildings were destroyed, and artefacts stolen to be sold

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But now the Syrian government is back in charge, the work

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of restoration has begun, as Naomi Grimley reports.

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Liberated from a brutal occupation, but still hauntingly beautiful,

:18:05.:18:09.

this aerial footage shows the ruins of Palmyra, a desert oasis,

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which has stood for hundreds of years on the ancient Silk Road

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Last year, so-called Islamic State took control of the city

:18:19.:18:28.

and threatened to destroy all the irreplaceable monuments

:18:29.:18:32.

which make this a World Heritage site.

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But in the last few weeks, Syrian government forces,

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backed by the Russians, have regained the city.

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Senior archaeologists have been quick to return to assess

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I found Palmyra was in a good situation in general.

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It gives us hope to restore some buildings destroyed

:18:50.:18:59.

IS have often filmed themselves smashing up

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antiquities in Iraq and Syria, so many feared Palmyra would be

:19:16.:19:17.

That's why a group of archaeologists have been experimenting with this,

:19:18.:19:21.

a computer-controlled drill, to produce a replica of an arch

:19:22.:19:23.

The project's leader says it is incredibly precise.

:19:24.:19:33.

It got to the point where we were trying to decide

:19:34.:19:36.

whether to include cobwebs, bird nests, moss that

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was on the structure, in the reproduction

:19:39.:19:40.

We use 3D renderings of these images derived from thousands of 2D and 3D

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images to produce the most accurate possible rendition of

:19:47.:19:48.

The replica arch has now been put up in Trafalgar Square for all to see

:19:49.:19:57.

It has to be said not everyone is a huge fan of this project.

:19:58.:20:02.

Some classical scholars believe it's inauthentic,

:20:03.:20:04.

But, if nothing else, the supporters say, it is an act

:20:05.:20:11.

of defiance against those who are trying to destroy Syria's history.

:20:12.:20:15.

Palmyra's experts hope they won't need to rebuild

:20:16.:20:18.

arches from scratch, but some of the new technology

:20:19.:20:22.

could still be invaluable as they piece together the rubble.

:20:23.:20:30.

Shakespeare has been adapted to pretty much every media over

:20:31.:20:34.

the last four centuries - books, film, radio -

:20:35.:20:36.

there's even a board game, not to mention endless

:20:37.:20:38.

Now he's entered the realm of virtual reality,

:20:39.:20:43.

with an immersive video game developed by the University

:20:44.:20:46.

Jane O'Brien went to the Mondavi Center for the Performing Arts,

:20:47.:20:51.

near Sacramento, to see it in action.

:20:52.:20:53.

Who knew Shakespeare could be so much fun?

:20:54.:21:00.

They are not watching the performers, they are

:21:01.:21:07.

looking at the screen, because Play The Knave is a new type

:21:08.:21:10.

of theatre in which the players control avatars through motion

:21:11.:21:16.

capture cameras to create an animated film, a sort

:21:17.:21:18.

But don't be fooled by the technology.

:21:19.:21:23.

The exaggerated gestures are very Shakespearean.

:21:24.:21:27.

This, in fact, is an old style of acting, a declamatory style

:21:28.:21:30.

of acting that was used during Shakespeare's time and came

:21:31.:21:33.

from older oratorical methods of delivering speeches.

:21:34.:21:39.

So I think it's really interesting that the technology is bringing back

:21:40.:21:42.

Wave your arms gently while walking towards the camera.

:21:43.:21:48.

The concept is irresistible, even for somebody like me who - gasp

:21:49.:21:52.

You choose your costume, your stage and,

:21:53.:21:57.

This is the bit where Lady Macbeth realises everything has gone

:21:58.:22:06.

horribly wrong and starts to have a nervous breakdown.

:22:07.:22:09.

Colin is the doctor who will be charting my mental disintegration.

:22:10.:22:12.

What need we fear when none can call our power to account?

:22:13.:22:19.

Yea, who would have thought the old man to have had

:22:20.:22:24.

There is a serious side to this, sort of.

:22:25.:22:32.

Play The Knave was devised as a teaching tool to make

:22:33.:22:35.

Shakespeare more accessible in a digital age.

:22:36.:22:38.

When you are looking at the screen then you're not thinking

:22:39.:22:40.

about your classmates, you're not thinking about the teacher,

:22:41.:22:44.

you are thinking about, "I am Falstaff."

:22:45.:22:45.

Maybe they don't really understand the language yet but they want

:22:46.:22:48.

You get a better feeling for what's going on as you are performing it

:22:49.:22:55.

because you have to think about the body language.

:22:56.:22:57.

So here we are in the first Elizabethan theatre

:22:58.:22:59.

Game players may soon be able to use the Folger Theatre in Washington,

:23:00.:23:05.

Pretty much every media form since the printed book has

:23:06.:23:10.

experimented with Shakespeare, whether that's radio,

:23:11.:23:14.

Now we've got virtual reality and it's not surprising that one

:23:15.:23:19.

of the first places we go to see what this technology

:23:20.:23:22.

Purists may still prefer the real thing but this game

:23:23.:23:32.

raises the question - what is the real thing?

:23:33.:23:34.

As Shakespeare himself said, "All the world's a stage,"

:23:35.:23:38.

and that today must surely include virtual worlds.

:23:39.:23:54.

I think she found her true calling there.

:23:55.:23:57.

This year's winners of the Pulitzer Prizes,

:23:58.:23:59.

the most respected awards in US journalism, have been announced.

:24:00.:24:02.

Photographers from the New York Times and from news agency Reuters

:24:03.:24:04.

shared the Breaking News Photography prize for their work documenting

:24:05.:24:07.

Let's take a look at some of the winning images.

:24:08.:24:11.

Some of the winning Pulitzer prize images from this year. Let's go back

:24:12.:25:36.

to our main news, voters from New York State are taking part in

:25:37.:25:41.

primaries which are key to both Democratic and Republican

:25:42.:25:44.

frontrunners. Bernie Sanders needs a strong victory in a New York state.

:25:45.:25:50.

291 delegates are up for grabs. Hillary Clinton is almost 700

:25:51.:25:56.

delegates ahead of them. It could be critical for both candidates and

:25:57.:25:58.

crucial to the way this race will go. Stay with us on BBC world News.

:25:59.:26:04.

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