20/04/2016 World News Today


20/04/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Phlippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

Our top story: Ruling on the human rights of a mass murderer.

:00:07.:00:10.

A Norwegian court decides that the authorities have violated

:00:11.:00:13.

the rights of Anders Behring Breivik - guilty of killing 77 people

:00:14.:00:18.

Shares slump after the carmaker admits deliberately falsifying

:00:19.:00:28.

The US president meets the King of Saudi Arabia, who's been angered

:00:29.:00:37.

by Mr Obama's key foreign policy of renewing relations with Iran.

:00:38.:00:42.

And Queen Elizabeth turns 90 on Thursday.

:00:43.:00:46.

We look back at her long life and how Britain plans to celebrate.

:00:47.:01:06.

A court in Norway has upheld a claim of inhuman treatment brought

:01:07.:01:10.

by the mass murderer Anders Breivik, who killed 77 seven people in a gun

:01:11.:01:13.

He'd claimed that his being held in solitary confinement

:01:14.:01:25.

since then was a violation of the European Convention on Human

:01:26.:01:28.

The court acknowledged his rights had been compromised but it

:01:29.:01:31.

rejected his other claim that his right to a private

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As he arrived in the prison gym, Anders Breivik, 37, gave his Nazi

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salute. His case is that his treatment was inhuman and degrading.

:01:55.:01:58.

He said he had been deprived of sleep, kept alone in his cell for 23

:01:59.:02:03.

hours a day and been strip-searched in front of female staff. He had

:02:04.:02:08.

been mobbed in the Norwegian media proclaims that the court copy and

:02:09.:02:12.

microwave meals were worse than the waterboarding. He is serving a

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sentence for murdering 69 people taking part in a Labour Party youth

:02:21.:02:27.

camp in Oslo in July 20 11. He systematically hunted down and shot

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his victims before surrounding the arm to police. Many escaped by

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fleeing into the cold waters. Earlier, eight people had died when

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Breivik parked van containing a bomb next to a government building in the

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capital. It was the deadliest attack on Norway since the end of World War

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II. The judges ruled that while the strict controls of his

:02:54.:02:57.

communications were justified, his prison regime deviated so markedly

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from that and forced upon any other prisoner that it breached his human

:03:02.:03:04.

rights. State lawyers said they may appeal. I know that the court

:03:05.:03:12.

disagrees with us on some of the things. That is what the court

:03:13.:03:18.

system is for. We believe that there are no basis for the corrections.

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After the ruling, one survivor of the massacre tweeted that the

:03:24.:03:27.

judgment showed Norway had a working court system that respected human

:03:28.:03:30.

rights even under extreme conditions.

:03:31.:03:32.

Another scandal has hit the car industry.

:03:33.:03:34.

This time it's the Japanese car manufacturer Mitsubishi,

:03:35.:03:36.

which has admitted falsifying test data to show better fuel consumption

:03:37.:03:40.

for more than 500,000 vehicles in Japan, some produced for Nissan.

:03:41.:03:48.

At a press conference in Tokyo, company bosses bowed in apology,

:03:49.:03:50.

admitting employees had intentionally faked tyre pressure

:03:51.:03:52.

figures to give better mileage rates.

:03:53.:03:53.

This is the way Japanese car bosses apologise for lying to customers.

:03:54.:04:02.

Mitsubishi has become the second car-maker to admit fiddling a test,

:04:03.:04:05.

this time to get more miles per gallon from some of its models.

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He says the wrongdoing was intentional and that it's clear

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the falsification was done to make the milage look better but why,

:04:15.:04:19.

he says, they would resort to fraud to do this is still unclear.

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It's a stark contrast to the way these family friendly city cars

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Mitsubishi wasn't caught by the authorities but by a partner

:04:32.:04:37.

company, Nissan, who sold the same car with a different badge.

:04:38.:04:43.

Well, it all comes down to tyre pressures.

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Your tyres are critical to how your car performs on the road

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so they don't just affect how quickly you can stop.

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They can affect how much pollution comes out of the exhaust pipe

:04:57.:04:59.

and they can change your miles per gallon.

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It looks like Mitsubishi altered the inflation on the tyres to cheat

:05:03.:05:05.

that miles per gallon test. Lab test results have long been

:05:06.:05:12.

controversial, even when car-makers played by the rules.

:05:13.:05:15.

Experts say they rarely match the results you get

:05:16.:05:18.

That's how much lower miles per gallon will be an average

:05:19.:05:26.

across all the models we have tested when driving in the real world.

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But on the other hand, some actually almost meet them.

:05:30.:05:34.

There's a big difference between different manufacturers

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and that's caused partly by the degree to which they take

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advantage of these things you can do around tyre pressures.

:05:40.:05:44.

It may not be on the same scale but months after the car industry

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was rocked by the VW scandal, it's dealing with another

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We have had assurances from all our members

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which represents all the car companies that operate

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in the UK that no illegal activity has taken place.

:05:59.:06:02.

And those same assurances have been given to the government as well.

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They might have to stop the adverts for now.

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Mitsubishi says it's double-checking but so far,

:06:10.:06:11.

this only affects cars sold in Japan.

:06:12.:06:15.

Tomm Kristiansen is a reporter at NRK in Norway.

:06:16.:06:29.

The reaction in Norway, what is it? The reaction comes down to who you

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are asking but the survivors who were part of this massacre four

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years ago are shocked and find it unbelievable that a court can say

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that his prison conditions are inhuman and degrading and against

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human rights compare to what happened on the island four years

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ago. The prosecutors say they will appeal to the next High Court

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because they are very surprised that he has won over the government. If

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the government doesn't win on appeal, does that mean his condition

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will have to be changed? They will not be changed at the moment but

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they might be changed later. The situation is that he is isolated 23

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hours a day. He is out on fresh air for one hour and he has seen no one

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else other than his ward. He never sees on the other prisoners, he

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doesn't see any family, nothing more than a professional visitor, and he

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needs staff at the prison, that's all. He has three rooms when you can

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exercise, where he has his desk, where he can cook food. These

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things... In court, they say that his privacy is limited and it will

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remain like that but the use of strip searching, waking him up

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during the night, security measures, he must be behind bars or handcuffs

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when he meets other people, all these things are against human

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rights and is degrading his life in prison. What do you think this human

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rights ruling says about Norway's justice system? Commentators have

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said that this is a victory for the Norwegian law system, because this

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is a surprise to everybody, that even a person like Breivik can get

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his rights in court, but is it fair or not? Many people think you should

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suffer in jail but the Norwegian law system says you are not in jail to

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be punished by physical things or other things. It's the isolation

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that is the punishment, not having a bad time in getting depressed. Thank

:09:27.:09:28.

you so much. President Obama has had a tricky

:09:29.:09:31.

diplomatic day on his fourth Saudi Arabia has always been

:09:32.:09:34.

America's most important Arab ally but relations have never

:09:35.:09:39.

been so strained. There were smiles and pleasantries

:09:40.:09:42.

from President Obama and King Salman but away from the cameras,

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the Saudis have made it clear they're deeply sceptical

:09:47.:09:49.

of Washington's nuclear deal with their regional rival Iran

:09:50.:09:51.

and of Mr Obama's approach Throw into the mix Yemen,

:09:52.:09:54.

oil and human rights and you can see why most analysts are focusing

:09:55.:10:00.

on the difficulties facing this The US Defence Secretary,

:10:01.:10:03.

Ashton Carter, has been in the region for a few days

:10:04.:10:08.

preparing for the presidential trip. He had this to say about one

:10:09.:10:12.

of the issues at the forefront of today's discussions

:10:13.:10:15.

with the Saudi King. The United States shares

:10:16.:10:19.

with our GCC partners the view that even as the nuclear accord

:10:20.:10:23.

verifiably prevents Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon,

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there are many more issues to be concerned with regarding Iran's

:10:28.:10:30.

behaviour in the region. That's one reason why I emphasised

:10:31.:10:35.

that the nuclear accord imposes no limits on the United States and that

:10:36.:10:37.

what we are doing in the Department In our posture, our preparedness,

:10:38.:10:42.

our planning and our partnership, the US military remains committed

:10:43.:10:51.

and capable of responding to Iranian BBC Arabic's Hanan Razek

:10:52.:10:56.

is travelling with the It's been a difficult day. What

:10:57.:11:12.

readout are you getting about how has gone? As you mentioned, away

:11:13.:11:20.

from the cameras and smiles, there are more contentious issues to be

:11:21.:11:24.

tackled in this visit that comes a few months before Obama leaves the

:11:25.:11:28.

White House. Obama met today with the Saudi king and as we understood

:11:29.:11:36.

from the privately held conversation, they talked about

:11:37.:11:41.

countering terrorism in the region and specifically about defeating the

:11:42.:11:44.

so-called Islamic State which seems to be on the top of the genders in

:11:45.:11:52.

this visit. However, the keyword as many observers say in this visit, is

:11:53.:12:02.

I Rann. Ashton Carter met with his gal Kyle departs today and they

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talked about what the Gulf leaders here called Iranians intervention in

:12:10.:12:15.

the region. There seems to be a feel of an American attempt to reassure

:12:16.:12:19.

its allies in the Gulf. Do you think the Saudis are also looking beyond

:12:20.:12:24.

President Obama? He has only a matter months left in office.

:12:25.:12:33.

Absolutely. This is why some analysts say this actually might set

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the tone for the next President and this is why the Gulf leaders are

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keen on this visit because it seems that many of them think that Obama

:12:43.:12:48.

is pivoting towards Asia and that the American focus is shifting from

:12:49.:12:53.

the Middle East and they want to make sure that the Middle East will

:12:54.:12:57.

be present and key for the coming President and this makes... They are

:12:58.:13:04.

very keen on this visit now. There is a lot of security around you, we

:13:05.:13:06.

can tell. Are the frontrunners in race

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for the White House - Donald Trump for the Republicans

:13:13.:13:15.

and Hillary Clinton for the Democrats -

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unstoppable after big wins For the Republicans,

:13:18.:13:19.

Donald Trump now has the backing of 845 delegates -

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remember the magic number for his party is 1237 -

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with his nearest rival, For the Democrats, Hillary Clinton's

:13:25.:13:26.

win in New York broke a string of gains by Bernie Sanders -

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the magic number here is 2383 - putting her on 1930 delegates

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compared with his 1189. She says victory for the Democratic

:13:39.:13:44.

nomination is now in sight. # New York, New York...

:13:45.:13:48.

# Donald Trump entered his victory

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rally with Big Apple swagger. Frank Sinatra's great anthem echoing

:14:02.:14:05.

around the atrium at the skyscraper I can think of nowhere that

:14:06.:14:09.

I would rather have this victory. He won over 60% of the vote and that

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gives him a big delegate call that moves him closer to the Republican

:14:18.:14:23.

presidential nomination. We don't have much of a race any

:14:24.:14:26.

more, based on what I'm Senator Cruz is just

:14:27.:14:29.

about mathematically eliminated. But for all his boasts,

:14:30.:14:37.

the race isn't over yet. He still can be stopped

:14:38.:14:39.

if his opponents get enough delegates in upcoming

:14:40.:14:42.

contests to deprive him For Hillary Clinton,

:14:43.:14:43.

it's becoming far more clear-cut, and for New York's former Senator,

:14:44.:14:55.

this was the happiest Today, you proved once again

:14:56.:14:57.

there's no place like home. It's become almost

:14:58.:15:07.

impossible for her arrival, The race for the Democratic

:15:08.:15:11.

nomination is in the home stretch Many Democrats still refuse

:15:12.:15:17.

to embrace her but with the Republican Party in a state

:15:18.:15:24.

of civil war, are we looking This really was the night

:15:25.:15:27.

of the frontrunners. Donald Trump winning

:15:28.:15:35.

in the state of his birth, Hillary Clinton claiming victory

:15:36.:15:38.

in her adopted political home. It really was a case

:15:39.:15:41.

of New York, New York! Nick Bryant, BBC News,

:15:42.:15:46.

Times Square. We can go to the studios of Politico

:15:47.:15:52.

in Washington DC and talk to senior Donald Trump is arguing he has

:15:53.:16:08.

brought a lot of voters to engage with the political process. Will

:16:09.:16:11.

that mean he will be rewarded with the nomination? It looks like that

:16:12.:16:19.

more and more now after the win in New York. Donald Trump has been

:16:20.:16:24.

working the referees, pressuring them, making his case over the last

:16:25.:16:30.

couple of weeks. He has suffered a couple of losses, lost delicates

:16:31.:16:33.

where Ted Cruz has been able to narrow the gap. Donald Trump has

:16:34.:16:40.

been saying, I am ahead, I should be the nominee. The threshold of 1237

:16:41.:16:50.

delicates he needs to hit but increasingly as he racks up this

:16:51.:16:55.

huge win in New York, he is going on to five under states in the

:16:56.:16:58.

north-eastern part of the country where he is leading unlikely to beat

:16:59.:17:03.

Ted Cruz again next Tuesday, it's going to be very hard for people to

:17:04.:17:08.

deny Donald Trump nomination once he gets to Cleveland because he will

:17:09.:17:12.

close out the electoral calendar with a string of wins it looks like.

:17:13.:17:17.

He will either hit 1237 get very close to it. We will go to

:17:18.:17:22.

Cleveland. If he's not at that number after the 7th of June, there

:17:23.:17:31.

are 200 also delegates heading into Cleveland, if Trump is 30 or 40 or

:17:32.:17:36.

even 100 shy of that number, there is a growing consensus he will win

:17:37.:17:40.

over enough for them to a still win this nomination on the first ballot

:17:41.:17:46.

in Cleveland at the convention because a lot of established

:17:47.:17:50.

Republicans, even some who do not like Donald Trump, people who do not

:17:51.:17:54.

believe he can beat Hillary Clinton in November, they have come to

:17:55.:17:59.

understand that the will of the voters has to be carried out and the

:18:00.:18:03.

voters are speaking loudly. If Donald Trump does get the

:18:04.:18:07.

nomination, normally you have this process where you energise in the

:18:08.:18:12.

primaries and then think over winning moderates and independent

:18:13.:18:16.

voters, can you see him wanting to tip towards the middle ground? We

:18:17.:18:24.

can already see it. Someone as bombastic and unusual as him, some

:18:25.:18:28.

people say there is no way he can be that malleable pivot that hard to do

:18:29.:18:32.

this shape shifting were suddenly here is acceptable to all these

:18:33.:18:36.

voters who say he is unacceptable. However, we are starting to see him

:18:37.:18:41.

try. His speech last night, for all the glamour, Trump was toned down.

:18:42.:18:50.

He referred to Ted Cruz as Senator Cruz. He was focused more on his

:18:51.:18:56.

message about creating jobs, doing better trade deals. You can see the

:18:57.:19:01.

imprint of the new strategist he brought in to take over his campaign

:19:02.:19:05.

and get him the rest of the way. You can see his imprint on the sort of

:19:06.:19:11.

toned down Trump. We have seen less of him in the news. They are

:19:12.:19:15.

starting to understand that they have to demonstrate a little more

:19:16.:19:20.

than ability to move to the centre. They are starting to do that now.

:19:21.:19:23.

Thank you for your time. The US twenty-dollar bill

:19:24.:19:27.

is to get a new face. Harriet Tubman, the former slave

:19:28.:19:30.

who helped ferry others into freedom, will

:19:31.:19:32.

replace Andrew Jackson. The announcement followed

:19:33.:19:37.

months of campaigning to keep Alexander Hamilton,

:19:38.:19:38.

the founding father of America's banking system, on the ten-dollar

:19:39.:19:40.

bill and replace Jackson instead. Tubman is the first woman and first

:19:41.:19:43.

African American to be Now a look at some of

:19:44.:19:45.

the day's other news: The US Justice Department has become

:19:46.:19:51.

the latest government to open a criminal investigation involving

:19:52.:19:54.

the leaked Panama Papers. The documents have revealed

:19:55.:19:56.

the existence of offshore companies set up by a number of rich

:19:57.:19:58.

and powerful people, including several international

:19:59.:20:01.

leaders, raising suspicions The French government says it

:20:02.:20:02.

will extend a state of emergency until the end of July to cover

:20:03.:20:15.

the Tour de France and Euro 2016 It was imposed after the Paris

:20:16.:20:19.

attacks in November and gives the authorities extra powers

:20:20.:20:22.

to control crowds and It had been due to expire next

:20:23.:20:24.

month. The European Union has charged

:20:25.:20:27.

Google with anti-competitive practices in a dispute over how

:20:28.:20:29.

the company markets its The European Commission says Google

:20:30.:20:31.

is abusing that dominance by pre-installing its own apps

:20:32.:20:36.

and services as defaults. This Thursday, Queen Elizabeth II

:20:37.:20:45.

will celebrate her 90th birthday. It's an event that will be marked

:20:46.:20:47.

across the United Kingdom. This report from our royal

:20:48.:20:50.

correspondent, Peter Hunt. Birthday celebrations over two days

:20:51.:20:58.

outside Windsor Castle, home The latest occupant is preparing

:20:59.:21:00.

to pass yet another significant Still 89, just, the Queen

:21:01.:21:06.

was treated to a far from everyday experience,

:21:07.:21:15.

and Elvis inspired choir outside The representative of an ancient

:21:16.:21:21.

institution visiting one with a 500-year-old

:21:22.:21:25.

history, the Royal Mail. Royals have been appearing on stamps

:21:26.:21:29.

since the time of Queen Victoria. The photo captures a hereditary

:21:30.:21:33.

monarchy with, as things stand, a secure future, three

:21:34.:21:40.

Kings in waiting. George had to stand on blocks next

:21:41.:21:45.

to the woman he calls Gamgam. Insight the post office,

:21:46.:21:49.

not to post a letter I have it on good authority

:21:50.:21:52.

that the postmen will be busy Tomorrow, a BBC documentary

:21:53.:22:09.

featuring some of her own home William and Harry are shown

:22:10.:22:18.

watching their father They probably chased

:22:19.:22:21.

each other out of that In the early days,

:22:22.:22:37.

when Gamgam was around. The programme also recalls

:22:38.:22:49.

when blank shots were fired at the 1981 Trooping the Colour

:22:50.:22:51.

ceremony at the Queen She is a marvellous writer,

:22:52.:22:54.

made of stronger stuff. Support for the Queen is widespread

:22:55.:23:02.

in Windsor and elsewhere, A long life doesn't give somebody

:23:03.:23:05.

a right to a long range of such views were not in evidence

:23:06.:23:17.

in the House of Commons today. She has served our nation with such

:23:18.:23:20.

dignity for 64 years on the throne. I think it is what we will have

:23:21.:23:27.

the opportunity in the house tomorrow to pay tribute

:23:28.:23:30.

to what she has done, and I know that the whole country

:23:31.:23:34.

and the whole House will want to join me in saying long

:23:35.:23:37.

may she reign over us. I am also looking forward

:23:38.:23:41.

to wishing her a happy Back in Windsor, a Queen at work,

:23:42.:23:49.

almost 90, the longest reigning monarch in British history has been

:23:50.:24:04.

head of state for 64 years. When famous figures die, they're

:24:05.:24:09.

often described as much loved. In the case of the British comedian

:24:10.:24:17.

and actress Victoria Wood, it's a perfect description -

:24:18.:24:20.

both for this talented writer and for the characters

:24:21.:24:23.

she created, which also made Victoria Wood died today at the age

:24:24.:24:25.

of 62 so we're finishing the programme with one

:24:26.:24:32.

of her signature songs - full of social insight and in this

:24:33.:24:34.

case quite a helping of old-fashioned British

:24:35.:24:37.

sexual innuendo. # She licked her lips,

:24:38.:24:41.

she felt sublime # She switched off

:24:42.:24:44.

Gardener's Question Time # Barry cringed in fear and dread

:24:45.:24:48.

As Freda grabbed his tie and said # Let's do it,

:24:49.:24:57.

let's do it, # I'm feeling appealing,

:24:58.:24:58.

I've really got an appetite # I could handle half the tenors

:24:59.:25:05.

in a male voice choir # But he said, I can't

:25:06.:25:10.

do it, I can't do it # This fashion for passion turns

:25:11.:25:16.

it into nervous wrecks # I'd rather watch

:25:17.:25:21.

the Spinners on the television # I can't do it,

:25:22.:25:27.

I can't do it tonight # So she said, let's

:25:28.:25:31.

do it, let's do it # Go native, creative,

:25:32.:25:33.

living in the living room # Bend me over backwards

:25:34.:25:40.

on me hostess trolley # Let's do it, let's

:25:41.:25:44.

do it tonight...

:25:45.:25:55.

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