04/05/2016 World News Today


04/05/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

Last man standing - Donald Trump is now the only

:00:07.:00:10.

Republican candidate after his closest rivals pull out

:00:11.:00:12.

From a field of 17 down to one, Donald Trump has said

:00:13.:00:19.

he'll put America first, build a wall on the Mexican border,

:00:20.:00:22.

and stop Muslim immigration to the United States.

:00:23.:00:33.

We will make America great again. We will start winning again, you will

:00:34.:00:39.

be so proud of this country very soon.

:00:40.:00:42.

Visa-free travel within Europe for Turkish citizens -

:00:43.:00:44.

Ankhara hails the move as an historic change.

:00:45.:00:47.

New hope for the Syrian child refugees who've made it

:00:48.:00:52.

The British Prime Minister says some could be given a home in the UK.

:00:53.:00:56.

And warnings that a huge wildfire engulfing a town

:00:57.:00:59.

in Canada may worsen - 80,000 people are fleeing

:01:00.:01:01.

There is now one man left in the race to represent

:01:02.:01:23.

the right for this year's US presidential election.

:01:24.:01:25.

It looks as if Donald Trump will be the first US presidential nominee

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in more than 60 years to aim for the White House

:01:30.:01:32.

without any previous experience of elected office.

:01:33.:01:35.

In the past few hours, Ohio governor John Kasich has

:01:36.:01:38.

followed Texas senator Ted Cruz and dropped out of the running

:01:39.:01:40.

for the Republican nomination after both failed to dent Mr Trump's

:01:41.:01:44.

lead among voters in a key primary contest.

:01:45.:01:49.

So Donald Trump becomes the hugely unlikely standard bearer

:01:50.:01:51.

for a party whose leadership doesn't really want him,

:01:52.:01:53.

buoyed by voters across America who have warmed to his rallying cry,

:01:54.:01:59.

When Donald Trump launched his campaign for the presidency

:02:00.:02:11.

he was written off as a giant ego with a minuscule chance.

:02:12.:02:16.

The victory in Indiana has delivered the knockout blow making him

:02:17.:02:19.

the presumptive nominee and he celebrated at Trump Tower,

:02:20.:02:22.

the New York skyscraper where he sealed so many deals.

:02:23.:02:34.

Never been through anything like this.

:02:35.:02:36.

It is a beautiful thing to watch and a beautiful thing to behold.

:02:37.:02:39.

Usually so boastful and outspoken, the Trump who appeared last night

:02:40.:02:41.

was more restrained and presidential but his core message stay the same.

:02:42.:02:44.

We will make America great again, we will start winning again,

:02:45.:02:48.

you will be so proud of this country very, very soon.

:02:49.:02:52.

Donald Trump has pulled off one of the most extraordinary results

:02:53.:03:00.

What was once thought to be politically impossible has

:03:01.:03:03.

Indiana was do or die for Ted Cruz and the Stop Trump forces,

:03:04.:03:10.

the last realistic chance to block his path to the nomination,

:03:11.:03:15.

but the Texan Senator was buried in a landslide.

:03:16.:03:19.

With a heavy heart, we are suspending our campaign.

:03:20.:03:34.

And as he made his exit from this most brutal of contests,

:03:35.:03:37.

an unfortunate collision with his wife.

:03:38.:03:46.

The winner Donald Trump is an American original,

:03:47.:03:48.

a New York property tycoon and reality TV star whose success

:03:49.:03:50.

to the White House has been built on much more

:03:51.:03:54.

It's his ability to articulate frustration about the economy

:03:55.:03:59.

His hardline stance on immigration against Mexicans and Muslims.

:04:00.:04:07.

Donald J Trump is calling for the total and complete

:04:08.:04:09.

shutdown of Muslims entering the United States.

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But in a country where many more women vote than men,

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his sexism and misogyny will count against him.

:04:15.:04:22.

His hostile takeover of the Republican party is now

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all but complete but polls suggest he is the most unpopular

:04:25.:04:27.

presidential candidate in modern times, that there are limits

:04:28.:04:29.

Let's head now to Washington to talk about a big day in American

:04:30.:04:48.

politics. What Republican party leaders going to do? I don't know my

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input -- my inbox is so this morning of Republicans who are in despair,

:04:57.:05:00.

people who say they cannot imagine ever voting for Donald Trump, but

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the issue is whether he can rally more people to his cause in the

:05:05.:05:09.

states that matter. If top Republicans in New York and

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Washington, DC deserve to vote for Hillary Clinton in those states go

:05:13.:05:17.

Democrat anyway, so you have to look at states like Wisconsin and

:05:18.:05:21.

Colorado. Can he broaden his message to reach out to people who may have

:05:22.:05:26.

felt Alien rated by his rhetoric and brash manner and persuade them to

:05:27.:05:30.

vote him? That will be the issue in November. It will be fascinating to

:05:31.:05:38.

see whether he pushes these issues like building the wall across the

:05:39.:05:41.

Mexican border and seeing no more Muslim immigrants. Those are the

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things that catapulted him to celebrity status as a political

:05:47.:05:51.

candidate and it got him a lot of your time. It won him supporters

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among people who feel angry and feel politicians haven't done enough to

:05:57.:06:00.

protect them from immigrants but now what Donald Trump needs to do is he

:06:01.:06:06.

needs to win more women and young voters and if at all possible he has

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two when more African-American and Hispanic voters. Those voters will

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not like this tough message and he knows that and he knows he has to

:06:18.:06:20.

tone down his rhetoric in order to win. We have reached a stage now

:06:21.:06:28.

where whatever happens will be politically seismic, Donald Trump

:06:29.:06:32.

who has never been elected or America's first woman president. It

:06:33.:06:36.

will be an unbelievably ugly campaign and the is nothing that

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Donald Trump wants the at Hillary Clinton. We have already had a taste

:06:40.:06:45.

of that, he has accused her of aiding and abetting her husband's

:06:46.:06:52.

philandering, he will bring up Bill Clinton's trade policies, he will

:06:53.:06:56.

attack after playing the woman's card, all of that we know will

:06:57.:07:01.

happen but the question is how she responds. Today her campaign are

:07:02.:07:05.

feeling confident that he is the best candidate they could hope to

:07:06.:07:10.

run against. It gives them the best opportunity of winning the White

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House but this year all the rules have been shredded that nothing is

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predictable and you would have to caution the campaign about getting

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too cocky too fast because in this particular year, when nothing is

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certain, who knows what will happen in November. The presidential

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debates could get massive viewing figures this time around. Almost

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certainly, look at the figures we got what Donald trump up against

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Republican candidates. Just imagine what it will be like up against

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Hillary Clinton. As Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton

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close in on their parties' presidential nominations,

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we'll keep you up to date on the remaining primaries -

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including the big one in California - and you can get the very latest

:07:50.:07:52.

on our website -at bbc dot where you'll find full analysis

:07:53.:07:56.

of how Trump's victory in Indiana forced Ted Cruz and John

:07:57.:07:59.

Kasich out of the race. Also keep across our twitter feeds -

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at BBCWorld and at BBCBreaking The first steps have been taken to

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grab Turkish citizens of these effete travel inside the Shengen

:08:23.:08:28.

area. They have recommended the change in return for Turkey taking

:08:29.:08:32.

back migrants who have tried to get inside the EU by making the

:08:33.:08:33.

dangerous journey by sea to Greece. The Commission's vice president said

:08:34.:08:35.

Turkey still has work to do but is on the way

:08:36.:08:38.

to meeting its requirements. Turkey has made impressive progress.

:08:39.:08:47.

There is still work to be done as a matter of urgency but if Turkey

:08:48.:08:53.

sustains the progress made and continues at the same pace, they can

:08:54.:09:00.

meet the remaining benchmarks. This is why we are now in a position to

:09:01.:09:04.

put forward a proposal which opens the way for the European Parliament

:09:05.:09:09.

and member states to decide to lift visa requirements once the

:09:10.:09:10.

benchmarks have been met. The Turkish Ambassador to the EU

:09:11.:09:11.

told the BBC he's confident Turkey can meet its remaining obligations

:09:12.:09:14.

for visa-free travel We have to change some legislation

:09:15.:09:29.

and implementation and we can ensure we are on the right track. We have

:09:30.:09:33.

been very closely in touch with the commission and Lee are the final

:09:34.:09:38.

arbiter. If they see it as a go-ahead that means we have met the

:09:39.:09:42.

criteria and I am sure we will do so.

:09:43.:09:42.

Let's get the view from the ground - from the BBC's Selin Girit

:09:43.:09:46.

in Istanbul, but first our correspondent in Brussels,

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It would mean that Turkish citizens would be free to travel to the

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countries within the European Union's Schengen area where people

:09:57.:10:00.

are allowed to cross borders without passports for up to 90 days, whereas

:10:01.:10:05.

at the moment they are subject to visa restrictions and have two apply

:10:06.:10:08.

in advance. Those restrictions would be lifted and they would be able to

:10:09.:10:12.

travel for business or tourism reasons for up to 90 days at a time.

:10:13.:10:18.

It is the plan but far from certain at the moment. The European

:10:19.:10:22.

Commission said it is getting qualified approval to it subject to

:10:23.:10:27.

attack a satisfying the five remaining outstanding conditions.

:10:28.:10:30.

They are big conditions, relating to changing the law to bring terrorism

:10:31.:10:35.

legislation into line with European standards and also changes to data

:10:36.:10:39.

protection and cracking down on corruption. Once those conditions

:10:40.:10:44.

are met, the European Parliament will vote on it later in June and

:10:45.:10:49.

ministers from each of the 28 member states of the European Union will

:10:50.:10:53.

have to vote on it at a summit towards the end of June. This is one

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of the three Macha dulls the plan has to overcome but is far from a

:10:58.:11:04.

done deal. Turkish public opinion has welcomed the recommendations to

:11:05.:11:08.

lift the visa restrictions but with caution because there are hurdles.

:11:09.:11:12.

Will the European Parliament be ratifying it considering there are

:11:13.:11:18.

criticisms coming from MEPs towards the Turkish government on what they

:11:19.:11:22.

call a crackdown of press freedom and minority rights? The other

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question, will the member countries of the EU be ratifying this deal

:11:28.:11:34.

coming from the European Commission? Also Turkey needs to meet five other

:11:35.:11:39.

criteria and one of these is the revision of the terror legislation

:11:40.:11:45.

which may prove difficult to deal with and might actually push for

:11:46.:11:50.

leaving that criterion aside, so there are several hurdles on the

:11:51.:11:55.

way. Turkish public opinion is welcoming the recommendations but

:11:56.:11:59.

will the Visa be lifted? That is still a question mark.

:12:00.:12:01.

Meanwhile, controversial new plans are being drawn up to reform asylum

:12:02.:12:04.

policy across the European Union, plans that would land member states

:12:05.:12:07.

with heavy fines if they refuse to take a share of asylum seekers.

:12:08.:12:10.

Under these plans, most EU governments refusing to accept

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asylum seekers would pay a fine of about to 290 thousand

:12:13.:12:15.

dollars for every person they refused to take.

:12:16.:12:17.

The fines would be triggered if Greece and Italy -

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the countries on the frontline of the migrant crisis -

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are deemed to be struggling to cope with a sudden influx of people.

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The UK government - like Ireland and Denmark -

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But it too is shifting its ground on the migrant crisis.

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Today it's announced that it will take more -

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we don't know how many - unaccompanied Syrian refugee

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The BBC's Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet has been

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spending in a migrant camp in Calais, France, where many boys

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both Afghan and Syrian are desperate to make their way to Britain.

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Hours after first light on a cold and bleak morning in Cali, boys

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struggle back to the shanty town to sleep. It's been another long night

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of trying to make it to Britain illegally and feeling. It's another

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day in the squalid camp they call the jungle. It's a hard life for

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grown-ups fleeing conflict and hardship, imagine what it is like

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for children on their own. They are scarred and skewered. But the Afghan

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boys at this centre say they won't stop until they reach family and a

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new future in Britain. They don't want their faces shown. Last night,

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I jumped into a lorry. The driver phoned me asleep. I was taken to a

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detention centre. By the time they let me go it was midnight and it

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took me four hours to walk back. It was raining and freezing cold, I was

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very scared. Did you think it was going to be this hard? I knew the

:14:05.:14:11.

journey would be hard but I didn't know it would be this hard once we

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got to Cali. I didn't know we would have to cross the sea to get to

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London. These boys are just some of the growing number of children

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travelling on their own across Europe and the risks they face are

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growing. Some 10,000 are already said to have gone missing so the big

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question is does Britain have moral and legal obligation to take care of

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at least some of them, including some of these boys who are just one

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hour's journey from London. This shack is home for the 16-year-old

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boy who fled Syria on his own six months ago. Today his older

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neighbour is making new window to let in some light, a godsend for the

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vulnerable body. He is still very young and get scared that night. He

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wakes up and cries for his parents. Sometimes he finds rats in his room.

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At night when you are in your tent, what do you dream about? I dream of

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getting to Britain to be with my family. She is trying to get into

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existing EU rules. Only a small number succeed. He is being helped

:15:39.:15:47.

by a British charity. Will this create an incentive for more

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families to send children on these journeys? We see the British

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government has a moral and legal obligation to step up and do more

:15:56.:16:00.

now. I work with children every day who don't only struggle with the

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pressure of living alone in a foreign continent but who are at

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risk from real dangers with sexual exploitation and human traffickers.

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As we are leaving, he gets news. He can go to Britain and apply for

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asylum. The question, how many will fall?

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US officials say an agreement has been reached with Russia

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on extending the Syrian truce to Aleppo.

:16:26.:16:26.

The announcement came as clashes continued in the city.

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Reports say dozens of people have been killed on both sides in fresh

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battles which began on Tuesday in the western area of the city.

:16:33.:16:34.

Meanwhile A United Nations aid official has accused the Syrian

:16:35.:16:38.

government of denying relief staff access to Aleppo.

:16:39.:16:46.

Huge wildfires have forced a mass evacuation from a city in Canada.

:16:47.:16:49.

The entire population - some 80,000 people -

:16:50.:16:51.

has been ordered to leave Fort McMurray in Alberta.

:16:52.:16:59.

Firefighters say 80% of properties have been destroyed

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in one neighbourhood, and serious damage has been caused

:17:02.:17:03.

Our correspondent Richard Galpin reports.

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Hot ash flying around the cars and smoke briefly

:17:06.:17:12.

With strong winds fanning the flames in and around the city,

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all 80,000 people living here have been ordered to leave

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We had basically two minutes to get home, grab stuff

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It is not fair, they didn't even let us take our things

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And getting out of the city has not been easy.

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With so many people taking to the roads and the fires at one

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stage blocking a major highway to the south.

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Our focus is completely and entirely right now on ensuring

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Of getting them out of the city and ensuring that they

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The blaze, first spotted on Sunday, has spread rapidly to the city

:18:00.:18:12.

and now covers an area of more than 6000 acres.

:18:13.:18:15.

It has already engulfed several areas of the city destroying one

:18:16.:18:19.

residential neighbourhood and a mobile home park.

:18:20.:18:21.

With even stronger winds and high temperatures expected today,

:18:22.:18:31.

the emergency services have been doing whatever they can

:18:32.:18:37.

But so far, that has not amounted to much and the authorities are now

:18:38.:18:47.

appealing to the military to help them battle this huge blaze.

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It's been the worst day of my career.

:18:51.:18:55.

The people are devastated, everyone is devastated,

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This will go on and take us a while to come back from.

:18:58.:19:05.

There have been fires in this area in the past but not on this scale

:19:06.:19:09.

and never before has an entire city had to be evacuated.

:19:10.:19:24.

The brutal gang rape and murder of a 14-year-old girl in Indonesia

:19:25.:19:27.

has sparked an intense debate about sexual violence

:19:28.:19:29.

The Minister for the protection of children Yohana Yembise,

:19:30.:19:32.

says she now wants to bring in the death penalty for rapists.

:19:33.:19:35.

Under current laws the maximum penalty for rape and murder

:19:36.:19:37.

Rebecca Henschke reports from protests that are taking

:19:38.:19:40.

place in the capital, Jakarta.

:19:41.:19:43.

She was gang raped and murdered on her way home from school. Villagers

:19:44.:19:49.

found her body three days later but the news did not reach Jakarta until

:19:50.:19:54.

weeks later than these activists have staged this demonstration to

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make sure the case gets the national attention they say it deserves. We

:19:58.:20:02.

want to say to the government we are watching them. We want to watch them

:20:03.:20:07.

in dealing with cases of sexual violence against women because for

:20:08.:20:12.

so long we see them not being serious about it and we want to the

:20:13.:20:21.

clear that we are in a sexual violence crisis in Indonesia and it

:20:22.:20:27.

needs to be serious. Police have arrested 12 of a suspected 14

:20:28.:20:32.

rapists in this case. A lot of the activists say that many women do not

:20:33.:20:37.

report their cases to the police because they say there is a lot of

:20:38.:20:45.

stigma and blame the victim. If a woman is raped, people ask, how long

:20:46.:20:49.

was her dress? Was she wearing a hijab? That mindset has to change,

:20:50.:20:54.

the idea that women have to be covered.

:20:55.:20:57.

Pakistan is a country plagued by militant and sectarian violence,

:20:58.:20:59.

with many extremists groups fighting to establish strict Islamic Sharia

:21:00.:21:02.

As the government struggles to rule effectively,

:21:03.:21:07.

and the army wages war against the militants,

:21:08.:21:09.

We've been to meet one Pakistani businessman trying to challenge

:21:10.:21:11.

extremist beliefs with a comic book series -

:21:12.:21:25.

Team Muhafiz is a comic book series of a bunch of teenagers from Karachi

:21:26.:21:32.

and they are coming together from different faith communities of

:21:33.:21:35.

Pakistan, fighting social evil and standing up for good.

:21:36.:22:00.

It becomes very dark. It is not dark but real. We want to make sure we

:22:01.:22:08.

show the real villains that are more evil than the villains in comics.

:22:09.:22:22.

I get frustrated and upset with what is happening but many people are

:22:23.:22:29.

trying to change minds, not just me. A lot of people are doing great

:22:30.:22:34.

work. We're interested to keep putting out our ideas narratives.

:22:35.:22:38.

From communism to couture: the French fashion house, Chanel,

:22:39.:22:40.

It's the first event of its kind since the communist 1959 revolution.

:22:41.:22:45.

Chanel products aren't sold in Cuba, but things are certainly changing,

:22:46.:22:47.

as our correspondent Will Grant reports from Havana.

:22:48.:23:01.

Chanel comes to Cuba. Just a handful of years ago, the idea that one of

:23:02.:23:09.

the world's leading fashion houses would hold its first Latin American

:23:10.:23:12.

show any communist country might have seemed absurd, but Cuba is

:23:13.:23:20.

changing fast, and Chanel's top designer chose it as the setting to

:23:21.:23:27.

unveil his latest range. He said the collection was inspired by Cuban

:23:28.:23:31.

culture and throughout the show they were hints of Cuban identity and

:23:32.:23:36.

iconography. VIPs from around the world have descended on Cuba which

:23:37.:23:39.

comes at a heady time for the island. It is perhaps at more than

:23:40.:23:45.

any time since the revolution the place to be and to be seen. It is a

:23:46.:23:52.

once-in-a-lifetime invitation to come to Cuba, which is a place that

:23:53.:23:57.

I have been wanting to come to three years and never expected to come

:23:58.:24:01.

here were Chanel! They brought me here and I am grateful. Ahead of the

:24:02.:24:10.

event, security turned -- security had been predictably tight. While

:24:11.:24:17.

high profile events like the Chanel show an exciting for Cuba it causes

:24:18.:24:23.

a lot of disruption and perhaps more importantly, fuelling a growing

:24:24.:24:28.

sense of them and us. For many residents, having a high-end fashion

:24:29.:24:31.

show on their doorstep has not been a welcome distraction. This family

:24:32.:24:39.

live in a decrepit home sheared with several other families. There is no

:24:40.:24:46.

such thing as her banner's charming DK, just poverty. Chanel clothes are

:24:47.:24:50.

not even available to buy on Cuba, not that they would spend money on

:24:51.:24:55.

them even if the wearer. The average wage is only around $25 a month. If

:24:56.:25:02.

I had $200 I would buy clothes for my children and would not spend that

:25:03.:25:11.

money on trousers and shoes. Back at the show, the collection was

:25:12.:25:15.

received with great enthusiasm from audience and critics. Fashion

:25:16.:25:22.

watchers worldwide have Cuba in the sites as Chanel brought another

:25:23.:25:28.

touch of glamour to Havana, but while many Cubans welcome the

:25:29.:25:31.

extraordinary changes, they just hope they will not be left excluded.

:25:32.:25:35.

Donald Trump is set to represent the Republicans in November's

:25:36.:25:48.

presidential election. Hillary Clinton has just said she doesn't

:25:49.:25:53.

think the country could take a risk on a loose cannon like Donald Trump.

:25:54.:25:57.

Thank you, goodbye.

:25:58.:26:00.

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