12/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.


Our top story: Political blood-letting in Brazil.


The Senate votes to impeach the President.


Dilma Rousseff vows to continue her fight,


and condemns the move as a threat to democracy and the constitution.


I want to clarify the facts and point out the risks


of a fraudulent impeachment which would be a coup.


Top US Republicans appear to make their peace with Donald Trump,


From here we're going to go deeper into the policy areas to see


where that common ground is and how we are operating off


Also coming up: Rescuing the Libyan migrants,


the charity which has saved 900 lives from Mediterranean


The man who shot dead unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin was planning


She says she is hurt and betrayed and, above all, she is innocent.


Brazil's first female president Dilma Rousseff has been suspended,


ending 13 years of leftist government,


with her Vice President promising a more business-friendly Brazil.


In her speech to the nation, Mrs Rousseff condemned the Senate


vote to impeach her as a coup and a farce, a move which she says


will condemn the country to permanent instability.


My government has been undergoing sabatage


from governing and trying to create a prepicious


When an elected President is suspended because of an accusation


of a crime I haven't committed the name we give is not


there is no reason for me to be impeached.


I don't have bank accounts abroad, I've never taken bribery,


Well, Dilma Rousseff's replacement is Michael Temer,


Within the last few hours he's signed on the dotted line,


Temer shifts Brazil's government to the centre right.


He's already named his Cabinet, saying his priority is to reboot


the economy and end the paralysis that has gripped Congress


Our correspondent Julia Carniero is in Brasilia.


That was a very emotional goodbye, wasn't it?


It was. President Dilma Rousseff is known to be a tough figure and a bit


stubborn and not very able politically, but she did open up a


lot in this goodbye that she gave in the presidential palace. She was


greeted there by thousands of supporters, a few thousand


supporters that were waiting outside as she was exiting after the press


conference that we saw. She said it was a very sad moment for her, a


very painful moment. She said painful especially because of what


she said was a betrayal, referring to the vice President, her former


ally now considered a foe by the president. He is taking over now as


president of Brazil but he had been articulating and negotiating what


his government would look like for the past weeks and perhaps months so


it was already very clear that he was expecting this to happen,


getting ready for this moment. And now we have seen him just announced


his new cabinet and he is expected to deliver his first speech as


president in a few hours. There are much expected measures of what he


will do to try and Mark the shift away from President Rousseff's


government and bring the economy of this country back on track.


Will he have the ability to make changes? Does he have Congress


behind? Yes, that will be a very big


difference in comparison to President Dilma Rousseff. She, as I


said, was not a very tactful political figure. He, on the


opposite, has been in politics since the early 1980s and he belongs to


the biggest party in Brazil, has been in that party since 1981 and it


is perhaps a rare case of faithfulness to a party here in


Brazil where there are so many different parties that people move


around a lot, according to conveniences. Because of this he is


unable politician and it will help him a lot in Congress. He has quite


strong backing in Congress. People who were voting in favour of his


impeachment in Senate and the lower house are certainly backing him. It


will make life easier for him to implement the measures that he will


try to implement for the economy and the cuts that he will perform, he is


already cutting many of the ministries. Dilma Rousseff had over


30 ministries and he is cutting that number back by about ten so this is


his first symbolic move to try and signal that he is cutting the


government Budget and that is one of the first moves of the changes he


will implement in the economy, a move to show that he is starting to


do his own work at home. Thank you for keeping us up to date.


Julia referred there to the speech that is expected in a couple of


hours. You can keep up to date by visiting


our website or smartphone app. We have asked the question, what has


gone so wrong for Brazil? There were warm words


of encouragement but The most senior elected member


of the US Republican Party, Paul Ryan, has finally met


with the party's presumptive It was a start, and Mr Ryan


described it as The two men issued a joint statement


touting their Paul Ryan, who is speaker


of the House of Representatives, has in the past expressed concern


about Mr Trump's volatile style indeed about whether he's


a conservative at all. But he stated the obvious


as he told a news conference I was very encouraged with what I


heard from Donald Trump today. I do believe that we are now planting the


seeds to get ourselves unified, to bridge the gaps and differences and


from here we are going to go deeper into the policy areas, to see where


that common ground is and how we can make sure that we are operating off


the same core principles. Yes, since our first meeting, I was very


encouraged with this meeting but it is a process and it takes time, you


do not put it together and 45 minutes. We have had a very good


start to process and we unified. Let's speak now to our correspondent


Gary O'Donoghue, who is outside the Republican National Committee


building in Washington. Gary, the Republicans have money or


the apparatus to raise it and Donald Trump has new voters.


Who has the upper hand? It is a marriage made in heaven, money and


voters. They need one another and that is the brutal truth about all


of this. Donald Trump brings with him all these new people who are


coming into the party, a fresh approach, and anti-politics message.


The Republican party would like a slice of that. What the Republican


party brings is a whole bunch of money and this organisation across


the country that Donald Trump will need come the November general


elections. What we are going through now is elaborate choreography where


they will get nearer and nearer to one another. They are not quite


hand-in-hand yet but you heard there from Paul Ryan, progress being made


and warm words. Differences of course on some big issues like


immigration and social security but they want to both get to that point


where they can show some kind of unity, some kind of credible unity


after what has been a very visceral process of the primary.


If you had to describe them both to a visitor in Mars, how would you


describe them as politicians? What is the big difference politically?


Their style is utterly, utterly different. They are chalk and cheese


in terms of style. Donald Trump is brash and loud and shoots from the


hip, very primary colours, if you like. Painting primary colours. Paul


Ryan is much more low-key and considered and a bit of a policy


wonk and he likes to get down in the weeds of this and that policy


discussion. They couldn't be more different in style but they are


essentially meant to be both conservatives, meant to be both


Republicans and that is what the basis of this relationship will be,


going forward. They will try to come to some accommodations and you have


seen in the last day or so Donald Trump trimming on some of those big


issues, like immigration. He said before that all Muslims should be


prevented from coming into the country but he described that as a


bit of an idea, something he has floated and not necessarily a firm


policy pronouncement, so you are seeing some of that trimming


already, which actually is inevitable for all candidates as


they get towards the general election, as they make that play for


the voters in the centre, the independent voters.


Has the idea of an independent candidate gone away?


Well, I think there are some that would still wish for that. There is


still time. We haven't got to the convention yet, but I think


realistically, who could it be? There is no obvious person it can


be. They would be starting, it would be a standing start for them and


Donald Trump is the presumptive nominee and it would be an


incredible process to see that come about. You would have to have


another massive civil war inside the Republican party for that to happen


and their time is beginning to run out if they want to get their acts


together in time for a proper campaign in the autumn. You know, I


think the odds against that are pretty big, frankly.


Thank you very much. Now a look at some of


the day's other news. An explosion close to a military


barracks in the Turkish city of Istanbul has injured


at least five people. The car bomb went off as a military


vehicle drove past in the eastern district of Sancaktepe,


away from the historic old town. The British Prime Minister,


David Cameron, has announced the creation of a global forum


to step up international efforts The announcement was made


at a global anti-corruption He said the forum would bring


together countries that have had assets stolen and those


where assets are hidden. The Malaysian government


has confirmed that washed ashore in South Africa and


Mauritius, are almost certainly from the


missing flight MH-370. A total of five pieces


of wreckage have now been The Malaysian airliner vanished more


than two years ago with more A World Anti-Doping Agency committee


has unanimously recommended that Kenya be declared in breach


of anti-doping rules, a move that could prevent Kenyan


athletes from taking part It said Kenya's legislation


was not in line with Last month, Kenya passed


legislation that created a new national anti-doping agency,


but it has already missed two deadlines to show


that it is effectively tackling This is very serious for Ken you. It


does not look good but it does not automatically trigger an Olympic


ban, that will be up to the International Olympic Committee who


have the power to exclude nations who fail to live up to the


requirements of the anti-doping code, so they will have a look at


this and my understanding is that it has never happened before and it is


unlikely to happen this time, they are more concerned that Kenyan


athletes being tested by Wada and they are being tested frequently to


ensure that athletes who make the games are clean.


Does this mean bringing in new officials and independent outsiders


to test the athletes as they train? Because of the inefficiencies of the


system in a Kenya most of the testing has been done by Wada and


the anti-doping agency. They will be targeting Kenyan athletes before the


games. They could also be banned by the IAAF, the governing body for


track and field. They have already said and they already know that the


Kenya had a doping problem. More than 40 athletes since 2011 have


failed tests from that country. Sebastian Coates said he would be


prepared to ban can you and at their meeting in March whilst Kenya work


on a list and they had called for improvements he said it did not


necessarily mean they would miss out on the Olympics.


If they do that is a really big hole in the world athletics and running.


Absolutely, Kenya is a powerhouse in athletics and they finished top of


the table in Beijing and they have fantastic runners in middle distance


and long distance but for Ken you not to be there and possibly for


Russia not to be there, it is a big decision. -- for Kenya not to be


there. It could bring into question the track and field process at the


Olympics of those countries are not there.


We will stay across that story, thanks a lot.


The French government has survived a no-confidence vote


The vote was brought by the centre-right opposition party,


in response to controversial labour reforms which were pushed


through by the Prime Minister earlier this week.


Thousands of people marched through Paris as the vote took place,


Well, our correspondent Lucy Williamson is in Paris for us


with the latest update on the story.


Lucy, does this mean the reforms are going to come in?


Well, there are a couple of stages to go through first but it means


these controversial reforms now move on to the Senate and after that they


may have to come back to the lower house of parliament, but in essence


what is happening here is what the government did last year, which is


to force through reforms that it believes are absolutely essential to


improve the French economy and not least to allow President Francois


Hollande to stand again for election next year. In doing so they have had


to force it through without parliamentary approval and


against the opposition of many of the core groups of Socialist party


supporters in France. So it really is quite a tough call and even


though they won the no-confidence vote in Parliament today, there was


a move yesterday by some of their own backbench MPs, Socialist


backbench MPs, to bring a second vote of no-confidence against their


own government. They narrowly managed, they narrowly failed to do


that, but it was still pretty embarrassing. You can see that they


have won but they an awful lot of opposition to contend with.


If these reforms get to their stages, what difference does it make


to working life in France? It could make quite a big


difference. They are trying to tackle some of the really big key


icons that have been very popular to the French working public. They are


trying to tackle things like the 35 hour working week. It is slightly


easier for companies to extend that in negotiation. They are trying to


make it easier for companies to fire people on the basis that it will


make them easier to hire them as well. They are changing the


relationship of the unions with companies, which is again a bit of a


sacred cow here in France. Their asked changes that are quite


significant and have been very difficult to get through and it


seems that this government is really putting everything on to this


reform, to try and turn the economy around before the country goes into


presidential election campaign next year.


A lot at stake. Thank you. More than 2,000 migrants have been


rescued off the coast of Italy This year has seen a dramatic


increase in those taking the long and perilous central Mediterranean


migrant route from Libya. In the first three months


of the year, Italy registered that's 80% more than in


the same period last year. An early-morning call


on the bridge of the Aquarius. In Europe's epic migration story,


part of the rescue operation has Aquarius is chartered


by SOS Mediterranee, an international charity trained


in dangerous marine rescue. Already this year they


have saved 900 lives. The chart tells us we


are almost upon them. And then we see it, in the haze,


a streak of grey balanced In Libya, people-smuggling


is a low-risk, high-profit business. Rubber boats from China are cheap


and quickly inflated. The safety of the paying


cargo is incidental. The smugglers give them a phone


to call the Coast Guard, a compass and just enough fuel


to leave Libyan waters. This particular boat had drifted 24


miles in ten hours, a huddle of humanity at the whim of the sea


and the people who save them. The first to arrive


are the children. On Aquarius it is the medical


charity MSF that takes charge. The migrants are exhausted,


some have injuries, but there is relief they have


finally escaped Libya. You know, Libya is not a


free country. It is very, very crime,


you know, killing, shooting. They don't want to see black,


they don't want to see black at all. But would they really come if these


rescue boats weren't here? The determination to relieve


the danger is so huge that they are not afraid to step


on the rickety boat and basically They already have 120 migrants


on board the Aquarius, without picking up another 140


that the Italian Navy The Italians tell us they expect


a record number of people to make this journey from Libya to Europe


this year, perhaps An hour after everyone was safely


transferred the weather turned, a force-six squall that would surely


have destroyed their boats. On the stern of the Aquarius


they slept soundly, but had we arrived just in hour later


they would certainly be dead. The pistol used to kill unarmed


black teenager Trayvon Martin appears to have been removed


from an online auction. George Zimmerman, who shot


and killed the 17-year-old, had planned to auction it


on the website Gun Broker. He was cleared of the death in


central Florida after saying he acted in self defence.


News of the auction sparked a lot of reaction on social media.


The shooting in 2012 lead to mass protest across the United States.


The UK Government has announced plans for a major shake up


The Culture Secretary, John Whittingdale,


wants to scrap the body that oversees the BBC


and replace it with a board on which


several members would be government appointed.


That's led to concerns that the BBC's independence


Our Political Editor Laura Kuennsberg reports on a proposal


that could have far reaching consequences for the BBC's future


The BBC has been everywhere for all of our lives


Changes in how it works and you will know what the top stars get paid.


This is not rocket science, if I was in charge


I would definitely have a word about what we get paid!


The Culture Secretary, who once said he was tempted to abolish the BBC,


Mr Speaker, the BBC is and must always


We want the BBC to thrive and make fantastic programmes for audiences


and act as an engine for growth and creativity.


The BBC Trust will be replaced with a new independent board.


As many as half of the members will be


There will be new rules on diversity and impartiality.


And Ofcom, the broadcasting watchdog,


will regulate the BBC for the first time.


The government will not stick its nose into schedules


and the 93-year-old licence fee survives for at least a decade.


One of the big issues, the future of the licence fee and how


the BBC competes with rivals, you have ducked the big questions?


I think the changes we are making are substantial,


they will have a significant effect.


I think they will ensure the BBC excels even


more on the things that the BBC does, which are prized by audiences


And we put in place a completely different governance structure.


It will be a stronger board, more involved in day-to-day running,


why should half of them be appointed by the government?


The BBC benefits from ?3.7 billion of government money and


I think the government is entitled to have representation.


But there is a fear of the BBC would have to doff


The idea that the government of the day,


whichever government it is,


can put six political supporters onto the editorial board


of a Public Service Broadcasting is anathema to me.


But if you get your drama fix only through iPlayer,


you will have to pay the licence fee.


And for new services, there might be a subscription.


I think the main message of the White Paper about distinctive,


high-quality programming is exactly what I think the BBC is about and


If you are honest with yourself, do you have even any tiny


inkling that somehow the BBC got away with it?


I don't think the BBC got away with it!


I think if you look back at where we were one year ago,


the debate and discussions which have been had


involving the CMS and other parts of government,


some in public and some behind closed doors,


are exactly the discussions and debates you should have.


But with the days of huddling around the television set


disappearing fast, shouldn't the BBC change more quickly?


There will be disappointment in the commercial


sector that the BBC has not been reduced in scope and size.


At times it seemed that the BBC could have been served an ultimatum.


But these talks have come to a less dramatic end.


Britain says its fighter jets have approached three Russian fighter


jets approaching the United States. They intercepted the Russian


aircraft that were not transmitting a Russian -- recognised


identification code. There has so far been no comment from the


Russians. Now an update on the meeting between Donald Trump and


Republican meetings -- leaders. He said things are working out really


well. As we have heard earlier, perhaps the idea of an independent


Conservative candidate is fading if the party does pull behind Donald


Trump. But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye.


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