12/05/2016 World News Today


12/05/2016

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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:07.

Our top story: Political blood-letting in Brazil.

:00:08.:00:10.

The Senate votes to impeach the President.

:00:11.:00:16.

Dilma Rousseff vows to continue her fight,

:00:17.:00:21.

and condemns the move as a threat to democracy and the constitution.

:00:22.:00:27.

I want to clarify the facts and point out the risks

:00:28.:00:30.

of a fraudulent impeachment which would be a coup.

:00:31.:00:34.

Top US Republicans appear to make their peace with Donald Trump,

:00:35.:00:42.

From here we're going to go deeper into the policy areas to see

:00:43.:00:47.

where that common ground is and how we are operating off

:00:48.:00:51.

Also coming up: Rescuing the Libyan migrants,

:00:52.:00:57.

the charity which has saved 900 lives from Mediterranean

:00:58.:00:59.

The man who shot dead unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin was planning

:01:00.:01:06.

She says she is hurt and betrayed and, above all, she is innocent.

:01:07.:01:30.

Brazil's first female president Dilma Rousseff has been suspended,

:01:31.:01:35.

ending 13 years of leftist government,

:01:36.:01:38.

with her Vice President promising a more business-friendly Brazil.

:01:39.:01:43.

In her speech to the nation, Mrs Rousseff condemned the Senate

:01:44.:01:46.

vote to impeach her as a coup and a farce, a move which she says

:01:47.:01:49.

will condemn the country to permanent instability.

:01:50.:01:57.

My government has been undergoing sabatage

:01:58.:02:01.

from governing and trying to create a prepicious

:02:02.:02:12.

When an elected President is suspended because of an accusation

:02:13.:02:17.

of a crime I haven't committed the name we give is not

:02:18.:02:22.

there is no reason for me to be impeached.

:02:23.:02:37.

I don't have bank accounts abroad, I've never taken bribery,

:02:38.:02:41.

Well, Dilma Rousseff's replacement is Michael Temer,

:02:42.:02:53.

Within the last few hours he's signed on the dotted line,

:02:54.:02:57.

Temer shifts Brazil's government to the centre right.

:02:58.:03:02.

He's already named his Cabinet, saying his priority is to reboot

:03:03.:03:06.

the economy and end the paralysis that has gripped Congress

:03:07.:03:09.

Our correspondent Julia Carniero is in Brasilia.

:03:10.:03:19.

That was a very emotional goodbye, wasn't it?

:03:20.:03:29.

It was. President Dilma Rousseff is known to be a tough figure and a bit

:03:30.:03:33.

stubborn and not very able politically, but she did open up a

:03:34.:03:39.

lot in this goodbye that she gave in the presidential palace. She was

:03:40.:03:44.

greeted there by thousands of supporters, a few thousand

:03:45.:03:47.

supporters that were waiting outside as she was exiting after the press

:03:48.:03:51.

conference that we saw. She said it was a very sad moment for her, a

:03:52.:03:56.

very painful moment. She said painful especially because of what

:03:57.:04:01.

she said was a betrayal, referring to the vice President, her former

:04:02.:04:07.

ally now considered a foe by the president. He is taking over now as

:04:08.:04:14.

president of Brazil but he had been articulating and negotiating what

:04:15.:04:17.

his government would look like for the past weeks and perhaps months so

:04:18.:04:24.

it was already very clear that he was expecting this to happen,

:04:25.:04:30.

getting ready for this moment. And now we have seen him just announced

:04:31.:04:34.

his new cabinet and he is expected to deliver his first speech as

:04:35.:04:39.

president in a few hours. There are much expected measures of what he

:04:40.:04:43.

will do to try and Mark the shift away from President Rousseff's

:04:44.:04:47.

government and bring the economy of this country back on track.

:04:48.:04:52.

Will he have the ability to make changes? Does he have Congress

:04:53.:04:57.

behind? Yes, that will be a very big

:04:58.:05:02.

difference in comparison to President Dilma Rousseff. She, as I

:05:03.:05:05.

said, was not a very tactful political figure. He, on the

:05:06.:05:12.

opposite, has been in politics since the early 1980s and he belongs to

:05:13.:05:17.

the biggest party in Brazil, has been in that party since 1981 and it

:05:18.:05:22.

is perhaps a rare case of faithfulness to a party here in

:05:23.:05:26.

Brazil where there are so many different parties that people move

:05:27.:05:30.

around a lot, according to conveniences. Because of this he is

:05:31.:05:35.

unable politician and it will help him a lot in Congress. He has quite

:05:36.:05:40.

strong backing in Congress. People who were voting in favour of his

:05:41.:05:47.

impeachment in Senate and the lower house are certainly backing him. It

:05:48.:05:51.

will make life easier for him to implement the measures that he will

:05:52.:05:55.

try to implement for the economy and the cuts that he will perform, he is

:05:56.:06:00.

already cutting many of the ministries. Dilma Rousseff had over

:06:01.:06:04.

30 ministries and he is cutting that number back by about ten so this is

:06:05.:06:09.

his first symbolic move to try and signal that he is cutting the

:06:10.:06:13.

government Budget and that is one of the first moves of the changes he

:06:14.:06:18.

will implement in the economy, a move to show that he is starting to

:06:19.:06:26.

do his own work at home. Thank you for keeping us up to date.

:06:27.:06:31.

Julia referred there to the speech that is expected in a couple of

:06:32.:06:32.

hours. You can keep up to date by visiting

:06:33.:06:33.

our website or smartphone app. We have asked the question, what has

:06:34.:06:38.

gone so wrong for Brazil? There were warm words

:06:39.:06:46.

of encouragement but The most senior elected member

:06:47.:06:48.

of the US Republican Party, Paul Ryan, has finally met

:06:49.:06:53.

with the party's presumptive It was a start, and Mr Ryan

:06:54.:06:56.

described it as The two men issued a joint statement

:06:57.:07:01.

touting their Paul Ryan, who is speaker

:07:02.:07:04.

of the House of Representatives, has in the past expressed concern

:07:05.:07:08.

about Mr Trump's volatile style indeed about whether he's

:07:09.:07:10.

a conservative at all. But he stated the obvious

:07:11.:07:18.

as he told a news conference I was very encouraged with what I

:07:19.:07:29.

heard from Donald Trump today. I do believe that we are now planting the

:07:30.:07:33.

seeds to get ourselves unified, to bridge the gaps and differences and

:07:34.:07:38.

from here we are going to go deeper into the policy areas, to see where

:07:39.:07:41.

that common ground is and how we can make sure that we are operating off

:07:42.:07:47.

the same core principles. Yes, since our first meeting, I was very

:07:48.:07:51.

encouraged with this meeting but it is a process and it takes time, you

:07:52.:07:56.

do not put it together and 45 minutes. We have had a very good

:07:57.:07:58.

start to process and we unified. Let's speak now to our correspondent

:07:59.:08:00.

Gary O'Donoghue, who is outside the Republican National Committee

:08:01.:08:03.

building in Washington. Gary, the Republicans have money or

:08:04.:08:11.

the apparatus to raise it and Donald Trump has new voters.

:08:12.:08:15.

Who has the upper hand? It is a marriage made in heaven, money and

:08:16.:08:19.

voters. They need one another and that is the brutal truth about all

:08:20.:08:22.

of this. Donald Trump brings with him all these new people who are

:08:23.:08:28.

coming into the party, a fresh approach, and anti-politics message.

:08:29.:08:32.

The Republican party would like a slice of that. What the Republican

:08:33.:08:36.

party brings is a whole bunch of money and this organisation across

:08:37.:08:41.

the country that Donald Trump will need come the November general

:08:42.:08:45.

elections. What we are going through now is elaborate choreography where

:08:46.:08:48.

they will get nearer and nearer to one another. They are not quite

:08:49.:08:53.

hand-in-hand yet but you heard there from Paul Ryan, progress being made

:08:54.:08:58.

and warm words. Differences of course on some big issues like

:08:59.:09:01.

immigration and social security but they want to both get to that point

:09:02.:09:06.

where they can show some kind of unity, some kind of credible unity

:09:07.:09:10.

after what has been a very visceral process of the primary.

:09:11.:09:15.

If you had to describe them both to a visitor in Mars, how would you

:09:16.:09:19.

describe them as politicians? What is the big difference politically?

:09:20.:09:26.

Their style is utterly, utterly different. They are chalk and cheese

:09:27.:09:32.

in terms of style. Donald Trump is brash and loud and shoots from the

:09:33.:09:37.

hip, very primary colours, if you like. Painting primary colours. Paul

:09:38.:09:41.

Ryan is much more low-key and considered and a bit of a policy

:09:42.:09:45.

wonk and he likes to get down in the weeds of this and that policy

:09:46.:09:50.

discussion. They couldn't be more different in style but they are

:09:51.:09:54.

essentially meant to be both conservatives, meant to be both

:09:55.:09:58.

Republicans and that is what the basis of this relationship will be,

:09:59.:10:03.

going forward. They will try to come to some accommodations and you have

:10:04.:10:08.

seen in the last day or so Donald Trump trimming on some of those big

:10:09.:10:12.

issues, like immigration. He said before that all Muslims should be

:10:13.:10:16.

prevented from coming into the country but he described that as a

:10:17.:10:21.

bit of an idea, something he has floated and not necessarily a firm

:10:22.:10:25.

policy pronouncement, so you are seeing some of that trimming

:10:26.:10:29.

already, which actually is inevitable for all candidates as

:10:30.:10:32.

they get towards the general election, as they make that play for

:10:33.:10:36.

the voters in the centre, the independent voters.

:10:37.:10:40.

Has the idea of an independent candidate gone away?

:10:41.:10:44.

Well, I think there are some that would still wish for that. There is

:10:45.:10:50.

still time. We haven't got to the convention yet, but I think

:10:51.:10:53.

realistically, who could it be? There is no obvious person it can

:10:54.:10:58.

be. They would be starting, it would be a standing start for them and

:10:59.:11:03.

Donald Trump is the presumptive nominee and it would be an

:11:04.:11:06.

incredible process to see that come about. You would have to have

:11:07.:11:12.

another massive civil war inside the Republican party for that to happen

:11:13.:11:16.

and their time is beginning to run out if they want to get their acts

:11:17.:11:20.

together in time for a proper campaign in the autumn. You know, I

:11:21.:11:25.

think the odds against that are pretty big, frankly.

:11:26.:11:28.

Thank you very much. Now a look at some of

:11:29.:11:30.

the day's other news. An explosion close to a military

:11:31.:11:32.

barracks in the Turkish city of Istanbul has injured

:11:33.:11:35.

at least five people. The car bomb went off as a military

:11:36.:11:37.

vehicle drove past in the eastern district of Sancaktepe,

:11:38.:11:40.

away from the historic old town. The British Prime Minister,

:11:41.:11:44.

David Cameron, has announced the creation of a global forum

:11:45.:11:46.

to step up international efforts The announcement was made

:11:47.:11:52.

at a global anti-corruption He said the forum would bring

:11:53.:11:55.

together countries that have had assets stolen and those

:11:56.:11:59.

where assets are hidden. The Malaysian government

:12:00.:12:01.

has confirmed that washed ashore in South Africa and

:12:02.:12:02.

Mauritius, are almost certainly from the

:12:03.:12:05.

missing flight MH-370. A total of five pieces

:12:06.:12:11.

of wreckage have now been The Malaysian airliner vanished more

:12:12.:12:13.

than two years ago with more A World Anti-Doping Agency committee

:12:14.:12:17.

has unanimously recommended that Kenya be declared in breach

:12:18.:12:44.

of anti-doping rules, a move that could prevent Kenyan

:12:45.:12:46.

athletes from taking part It said Kenya's legislation

:12:47.:12:49.

was not in line with Last month, Kenya passed

:12:50.:12:52.

legislation that created a new national anti-doping agency,

:12:53.:12:55.

but it has already missed two deadlines to show

:12:56.:12:57.

that it is effectively tackling This is very serious for Ken you. It

:12:58.:13:10.

does not look good but it does not automatically trigger an Olympic

:13:11.:13:16.

ban, that will be up to the International Olympic Committee who

:13:17.:13:18.

have the power to exclude nations who fail to live up to the

:13:19.:13:22.

requirements of the anti-doping code, so they will have a look at

:13:23.:13:26.

this and my understanding is that it has never happened before and it is

:13:27.:13:30.

unlikely to happen this time, they are more concerned that Kenyan

:13:31.:13:35.

athletes being tested by Wada and they are being tested frequently to

:13:36.:13:38.

ensure that athletes who make the games are clean.

:13:39.:13:42.

Does this mean bringing in new officials and independent outsiders

:13:43.:13:48.

to test the athletes as they train? Because of the inefficiencies of the

:13:49.:13:52.

system in a Kenya most of the testing has been done by Wada and

:13:53.:13:58.

the anti-doping agency. They will be targeting Kenyan athletes before the

:13:59.:14:02.

games. They could also be banned by the IAAF, the governing body for

:14:03.:14:06.

track and field. They have already said and they already know that the

:14:07.:14:11.

Kenya had a doping problem. More than 40 athletes since 2011 have

:14:12.:14:15.

failed tests from that country. Sebastian Coates said he would be

:14:16.:14:19.

prepared to ban can you and at their meeting in March whilst Kenya work

:14:20.:14:30.

on a list and they had called for improvements he said it did not

:14:31.:14:32.

necessarily mean they would miss out on the Olympics.

:14:33.:14:35.

If they do that is a really big hole in the world athletics and running.

:14:36.:14:40.

Absolutely, Kenya is a powerhouse in athletics and they finished top of

:14:41.:14:44.

the table in Beijing and they have fantastic runners in middle distance

:14:45.:14:47.

and long distance but for Ken you not to be there and possibly for

:14:48.:14:52.

Russia not to be there, it is a big decision. -- for Kenya not to be

:14:53.:14:58.

there. It could bring into question the track and field process at the

:14:59.:15:01.

Olympics of those countries are not there.

:15:02.:15:04.

We will stay across that story, thanks a lot.

:15:05.:15:07.

The French government has survived a no-confidence vote

:15:08.:15:09.

The vote was brought by the centre-right opposition party,

:15:10.:15:13.

in response to controversial labour reforms which were pushed

:15:14.:15:15.

through by the Prime Minister earlier this week.

:15:16.:15:17.

Thousands of people marched through Paris as the vote took place,

:15:18.:15:19.

Well, our correspondent Lucy Williamson is in Paris for us

:15:20.:15:25.

with the latest update on the story.

:15:26.:15:31.

Lucy, does this mean the reforms are going to come in?

:15:32.:15:38.

Well, there are a couple of stages to go through first but it means

:15:39.:15:42.

these controversial reforms now move on to the Senate and after that they

:15:43.:15:47.

may have to come back to the lower house of parliament, but in essence

:15:48.:15:50.

what is happening here is what the government did last year, which is

:15:51.:15:55.

to force through reforms that it believes are absolutely essential to

:15:56.:15:59.

improve the French economy and not least to allow President Francois

:16:00.:16:02.

Hollande to stand again for election next year. In doing so they have had

:16:03.:16:05.

to force it through without parliamentary approval and

:16:06.:16:19.

against the opposition of many of the core groups of Socialist party

:16:20.:16:21.

supporters in France. So it really is quite a tough call and even

:16:22.:16:23.

though they won the no-confidence vote in Parliament today, there was

:16:24.:16:26.

a move yesterday by some of their own backbench MPs, Socialist

:16:27.:16:28.

backbench MPs, to bring a second vote of no-confidence against their

:16:29.:16:32.

own government. They narrowly managed, they narrowly failed to do

:16:33.:16:35.

that, but it was still pretty embarrassing. You can see that they

:16:36.:16:39.

have won but they an awful lot of opposition to contend with.

:16:40.:16:44.

If these reforms get to their stages, what difference does it make

:16:45.:16:48.

to working life in France? It could make quite a big

:16:49.:16:51.

difference. They are trying to tackle some of the really big key

:16:52.:16:56.

icons that have been very popular to the French working public. They are

:16:57.:17:00.

trying to tackle things like the 35 hour working week. It is slightly

:17:01.:17:04.

easier for companies to extend that in negotiation. They are trying to

:17:05.:17:08.

make it easier for companies to fire people on the basis that it will

:17:09.:17:11.

make them easier to hire them as well. They are changing the

:17:12.:17:15.

relationship of the unions with companies, which is again a bit of a

:17:16.:17:20.

sacred cow here in France. Their asked changes that are quite

:17:21.:17:23.

significant and have been very difficult to get through and it

:17:24.:17:26.

seems that this government is really putting everything on to this

:17:27.:17:29.

reform, to try and turn the economy around before the country goes into

:17:30.:17:33.

presidential election campaign next year.

:17:34.:17:35.

A lot at stake. Thank you. More than 2,000 migrants have been

:17:36.:17:43.

rescued off the coast of Italy This year has seen a dramatic

:17:44.:17:45.

increase in those taking the long and perilous central Mediterranean

:17:46.:17:49.

migrant route from Libya. In the first three months

:17:50.:17:51.

of the year, Italy registered that's 80% more than in

:17:52.:17:54.

the same period last year. An early-morning call

:17:55.:17:57.

on the bridge of the Aquarius. In Europe's epic migration story,

:17:58.:18:03.

part of the rescue operation has Aquarius is chartered

:18:04.:18:11.

by SOS Mediterranee, an international charity trained

:18:12.:18:20.

in dangerous marine rescue. Already this year they

:18:21.:18:23.

have saved 900 lives. The chart tells us we

:18:24.:18:27.

are almost upon them. And then we see it, in the haze,

:18:28.:18:29.

a streak of grey balanced In Libya, people-smuggling

:18:30.:18:34.

is a low-risk, high-profit business. Rubber boats from China are cheap

:18:35.:18:43.

and quickly inflated. The safety of the paying

:18:44.:18:49.

cargo is incidental. The smugglers give them a phone

:18:50.:18:51.

to call the Coast Guard, a compass and just enough fuel

:18:52.:18:55.

to leave Libyan waters. This particular boat had drifted 24

:18:56.:18:57.

miles in ten hours, a huddle of humanity at the whim of the sea

:18:58.:19:00.

and the people who save them. The first to arrive

:19:01.:19:07.

are the children. On Aquarius it is the medical

:19:08.:19:13.

charity MSF that takes charge. The migrants are exhausted,

:19:14.:19:16.

some have injuries, but there is relief they have

:19:17.:19:18.

finally escaped Libya. You know, Libya is not a

:19:19.:19:21.

free country. It is very, very crime,

:19:22.:19:23.

you know, killing, shooting. They don't want to see black,

:19:24.:19:31.

they don't want to see black at all. But would they really come if these

:19:32.:19:36.

rescue boats weren't here? The determination to relieve

:19:37.:19:41.

the danger is so huge that they are not afraid to step

:19:42.:19:44.

on the rickety boat and basically They already have 120 migrants

:19:45.:19:47.

on board the Aquarius, without picking up another 140

:19:48.:19:55.

that the Italian Navy The Italians tell us they expect

:19:56.:19:57.

a record number of people to make this journey from Libya to Europe

:19:58.:20:05.

this year, perhaps An hour after everyone was safely

:20:06.:20:07.

transferred the weather turned, a force-six squall that would surely

:20:08.:20:13.

have destroyed their boats. On the stern of the Aquarius

:20:14.:20:17.

they slept soundly, but had we arrived just in hour later

:20:18.:20:20.

they would certainly be dead. The pistol used to kill unarmed

:20:21.:20:29.

black teenager Trayvon Martin appears to have been removed

:20:30.:20:31.

from an online auction. George Zimmerman, who shot

:20:32.:20:35.

and killed the 17-year-old, had planned to auction it

:20:36.:20:41.

on the website Gun Broker. He was cleared of the death in

:20:42.:20:48.

central Florida after saying he acted in self defence.

:20:49.:20:52.

News of the auction sparked a lot of reaction on social media.

:20:53.:20:57.

The shooting in 2012 lead to mass protest across the United States.

:20:58.:21:02.

The UK Government has announced plans for a major shake up

:21:03.:21:05.

The Culture Secretary, John Whittingdale,

:21:06.:21:08.

wants to scrap the body that oversees the BBC

:21:09.:21:10.

and replace it with a board on which

:21:11.:21:12.

several members would be government appointed.

:21:13.:21:13.

That's led to concerns that the BBC's independence

:21:14.:21:15.

Our Political Editor Laura Kuennsberg reports on a proposal

:21:16.:21:19.

that could have far reaching consequences for the BBC's future

:21:20.:21:21.

The BBC has been everywhere for all of our lives

:21:22.:21:37.

Changes in how it works and you will know what the top stars get paid.

:21:38.:21:42.

This is not rocket science, if I was in charge

:21:43.:21:45.

I would definitely have a word about what we get paid!

:21:46.:21:50.

The Culture Secretary, who once said he was tempted to abolish the BBC,

:21:51.:21:53.

Mr Speaker, the BBC is and must always

:21:54.:22:00.

We want the BBC to thrive and make fantastic programmes for audiences

:22:01.:22:08.

and act as an engine for growth and creativity.

:22:09.:22:10.

The BBC Trust will be replaced with a new independent board.

:22:11.:22:22.

As many as half of the members will be

:22:23.:22:24.

There will be new rules on diversity and impartiality.

:22:25.:22:28.

And Ofcom, the broadcasting watchdog,

:22:29.:22:29.

will regulate the BBC for the first time.

:22:30.:22:32.

The government will not stick its nose into schedules

:22:33.:22:34.

and the 93-year-old licence fee survives for at least a decade.

:22:35.:22:41.

One of the big issues, the future of the licence fee and how

:22:42.:22:44.

the BBC competes with rivals, you have ducked the big questions?

:22:45.:22:46.

I think the changes we are making are substantial,

:22:47.:22:48.

they will have a significant effect.

:22:49.:22:51.

I think they will ensure the BBC excels even

:22:52.:22:54.

more on the things that the BBC does, which are prized by audiences

:22:55.:22:58.

And we put in place a completely different governance structure.

:22:59.:23:04.

It will be a stronger board, more involved in day-to-day running,

:23:05.:23:07.

why should half of them be appointed by the government?

:23:08.:23:09.

The BBC benefits from ?3.7 billion of government money and

:23:10.:23:14.

I think the government is entitled to have representation.

:23:15.:23:19.

But there is a fear of the BBC would have to doff

:23:20.:23:23.

The idea that the government of the day,

:23:24.:23:26.

whichever government it is,

:23:27.:23:29.

can put six political supporters onto the editorial board

:23:30.:23:32.

of a Public Service Broadcasting is anathema to me.

:23:33.:23:36.

But if you get your drama fix only through iPlayer,

:23:37.:23:40.

you will have to pay the licence fee.

:23:41.:23:44.

And for new services, there might be a subscription.

:23:45.:23:48.

I think the main message of the White Paper about distinctive,

:23:49.:23:53.

high-quality programming is exactly what I think the BBC is about and

:23:54.:23:55.

If you are honest with yourself, do you have even any tiny

:23:56.:24:05.

inkling that somehow the BBC got away with it?

:24:06.:24:07.

I don't think the BBC got away with it!

:24:08.:24:10.

I think if you look back at where we were one year ago,

:24:11.:24:19.

the debate and discussions which have been had

:24:20.:24:25.

involving the CMS and other parts of government,

:24:26.:24:27.

some in public and some behind closed doors,

:24:28.:24:29.

are exactly the discussions and debates you should have.

:24:30.:24:31.

But with the days of huddling around the television set

:24:32.:24:36.

disappearing fast, shouldn't the BBC change more quickly?

:24:37.:24:38.

There will be disappointment in the commercial

:24:39.:24:40.

sector that the BBC has not been reduced in scope and size.

:24:41.:24:43.

At times it seemed that the BBC could have been served an ultimatum.

:24:44.:24:57.

But these talks have come to a less dramatic end.

:24:58.:25:09.

Britain says its fighter jets have approached three Russian fighter

:25:10.:25:18.

jets approaching the United States. They intercepted the Russian

:25:19.:25:23.

aircraft that were not transmitting a Russian -- recognised

:25:24.:25:26.

identification code. There has so far been no comment from the

:25:27.:25:31.

Russians. Now an update on the meeting between Donald Trump and

:25:32.:25:37.

Republican meetings -- leaders. He said things are working out really

:25:38.:25:43.

well. As we have heard earlier, perhaps the idea of an independent

:25:44.:25:47.

Conservative candidate is fading if the party does pull behind Donald

:25:48.:25:48.

Trump. But for now from me and the rest

:25:49.:25:52.

of the team, goodbye.

:25:53.:26:00.

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