13/05/2016 World News Today


13/05/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 13/05/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: a British inquiry highlights Europe's failure

:00:07.:00:08.

to stop people smuggling across the Mediterranean.

:00:09.:00:12.

Over 1,000 migrants were picked up on Friday off the coast of Italy -

:00:13.:00:17.

some said the smugglers didn't give them a choice.

:00:18.:00:20.

A UN diplomat becomes the first woman appointed as secretary general

:00:21.:00:36.

Also coming up: Thousands attend the funeral of a top Hezbollah

:00:37.:00:42.

military commander killed in an explosion inside Syria.

:00:43.:00:47.

And the Canadian prime minister arrives in Fort McMurray -

:00:48.:00:50.

the town devastated by a raging wildfire that forced the evacuation

:00:51.:00:53.

The European mission to stop migrant smuggling

:00:54.:01:12.

in the Mediterranean is failing - that's the verdict from a group

:01:13.:01:16.

Hundreds of migrants have arrived in Europe from Libya in the past 48

:01:17.:01:21.

hours and the report says there's little prospect of stopping more.

:01:22.:01:25.

That's in contrast to the route via Turkey that has

:01:26.:01:29.

seen a dramatic fall - mainly due to the EU's deal

:01:30.:01:34.

with Turkey to stem the number of Syrians making the crossing.

:01:35.:01:36.

It's the Libyan route however that's causing most concern for officials.

:01:37.:01:43.

The lack of a stable government in Libya is allowing more and more

:01:44.:01:46.

boats to make the treacherous crossing to Italy.

:01:47.:01:54.

Through most of the crossing, they slept.

:01:55.:01:57.

Huddled beneath blankets as if trying to shield

:01:58.:01:59.

themselves from the world they struggled to survive in.

:02:00.:02:04.

But by morning, there was a much brighter mood.

:02:05.:02:07.

A new future - and whatever Europe is, it must surely be better

:02:08.:02:12.

233 mostly economic migrants from West Africa.

:02:13.:02:25.

Italy's ports are founded on mercantile trade but this

:02:26.:02:27.

This 20-year-old said the boat was the only escape

:02:28.:02:40.

Yeah, we were beaten and you normally eat once in a day.

:02:41.:02:52.

We found them two days ago, drifting in this rubber boat off

:02:53.:02:56.

The people smugglers had packed them in and gave them just enough fuel

:02:57.:03:00.

An hour after this rescue, a storm blew in.

:03:01.:03:10.

And this is what happens when the waves get bigger.

:03:11.:03:12.

This is the moment that they dreamt of.

:03:13.:03:19.

The moment that many of them had risked it all for.

:03:20.:03:21.

Their first steps onto European soil.

:03:22.:03:23.

232 here, 801 in Messina, over 1000 migrants just today.

:03:24.:03:33.

Among those also leaving today were 51 young men under the age

:03:34.:03:42.

Here is one from Guinea-Bissau.

:03:43.:03:48.

It is a lonely world for a boy so young.

:03:49.:03:54.

One proposed solution is to send Europe's navies into Libya's

:03:55.:03:56.

waters but to do that, you need a Government

:03:57.:04:00.

The inescapable truth is: so long as there is money to be made

:04:01.:04:05.

from this dirty business of people trafficking, they will come.

:04:06.:04:14.

Migrants heading to Europe from Libya.

:04:15.:04:16.

By contrast, there are signs the efforts to stop the flow

:04:17.:04:18.

of migrants into Europe from Turkey - are beginning

:04:19.:04:21.

Numbers arriving from Turkey onto the Greek islands are down

:04:22.:04:25.

around 90 per cent in April compared with the previous month

:04:26.:04:30.

following a deal struck between the EU and Turkey.

:04:31.:04:34.

But as our chief correspondent Gavin Hewitt now reports from Izmir,

:04:35.:04:37.

political pressures mean the deal is looking increasingly vulnerable.

:04:38.:04:44.

These are the Turkey beaches from where tens of thousands

:04:45.:04:48.

of refugees left for their perilous journey to Europe.

:04:49.:04:51.

Today, all that remains are discarded clothes.

:04:52.:04:54.

Almost no refugees are making the crossing to Greece.

:04:55.:04:58.

But the deal between Turkey and the EU to solve the migrant

:04:59.:05:01.

Go into the fields near the Turkish coast close to Greece and you find

:05:02.:05:10.

Syrian refugees who once dreamt of going to Europe

:05:11.:05:13.

The deal signed in March has all but blocked the migrant trade.

:05:14.:05:22.

TRANSLATION: The sea border with Greece is now closed

:05:23.:05:27.

and if someone wants to go to Europe, they cannot.

:05:28.:05:31.

The Turkish Coast Guard patrols are much more rigorous.

:05:32.:05:36.

Just two months ago, 8,000 refugees crossed

:05:37.:05:38.

So far this month, the numbers are around 300.

:05:39.:05:49.

And for those who make it to Greece, the route through the Balkans

:05:50.:05:53.

is lined with fences and riot police.

:05:54.:05:55.

There is no possibility to move further from Greece and in Greece,

:05:56.:06:00.

the movement from the islands to the mainland became impossible now.

:06:01.:06:07.

So, in Turkey, the tables where the smugglers did their deals

:06:08.:06:10.

are almost empty and the shops cannot sell air life jackets.

:06:11.:06:17.

The Turkish government says it has honoured its part of the deal.

:06:18.:06:21.

TRANSLATION: If the refugees go outside the cities

:06:22.:06:23.

where they are registered, they are told to go back.

:06:24.:06:25.

If they try to reach the coast and escape,

:06:26.:06:28.

The easing of the refugee crisis depends on a controversial deal

:06:29.:06:34.

Turkey, clamping down on the migrants, in exchange

:06:35.:06:39.

for visa-free travel to much of Europe.

:06:40.:06:44.

But the European Parliament is insisting that first, Turkey must

:06:45.:06:49.

Turkey says it has done enough and the whole

:06:50.:06:52.

So there is a risk of a migrant crisis returning.

:06:53.:06:57.

The developments are being followed closely in Germany, where most

:06:58.:07:00.

of the previous refugees went and by the referendum

:07:01.:07:02.

You can get more on our website and smart-phone app.

:07:03.:07:13.

We've explained this crisis in seven charts,

:07:14.:07:16.

looking at the numbers of people arriving and

:07:17.:07:18.

mapping their journeys - just go to BBC.com?news,

:07:19.:07:21.

World football's governing body, FIFA, has served notice that radical

:07:22.:07:31.

changes are intended for the organisation by making

:07:32.:07:35.

a surprise appointment of a new Secretary General.

:07:36.:07:37.

FIFA president Gianni Infantino told the organization's annual

:07:38.:07:41.

congress in Mexico City that Senegalese UN diplomat Fatma Samoura

:07:42.:07:43.

is the first female secretary general in the history

:07:44.:07:45.

of the male-dominated world football organisation.

:07:46.:07:51.

She is working since 21 years in the United Nations.

:07:52.:07:56.

She is a great person, she is used to managing big

:07:57.:07:59.

organisations and she will bring a fresh wind to Fifa.

:08:00.:08:06.

Somebody from outside, not somebody from inside.

:08:07.:08:09.

Not somebody from the past but somebody new.

:08:10.:08:13.

Lizzie Greenwood Hughes joins us from the BBC Sport Centre.

:08:14.:08:30.

What do we know about her? We know that she's 54 years old and

:08:31.:08:38.

speaks for damages and she spent most of her career working for the

:08:39.:08:41.

United Nations, specialising in the development and working a lot in

:08:42.:08:46.

Africa. She's pretty working in Nigeria. We also know that she has

:08:47.:08:49.

never worked in football. It is interesting because this is going to

:08:50.:08:52.

be the number two interesting because this is going to

:08:53.:08:59.

football. She will be the right-hand woman now to the Fifa president.

:09:00.:09:10.

The former president was banned. She's never worked in football but

:09:11.:09:15.

as the president said she is this new face. She will be part of the

:09:16.:09:22.

shake up and has a proven ability to lead teams, she also understands

:09:23.:09:26.

that transparency and accountability are at the heart of any well-run and

:09:27.:09:30.

responsible organisation and that is in response to all the scandals that

:09:31.:09:34.

have been surrounding Fifa and world football over recent years.

:09:35.:09:38.

I said earlier that it does serve notice that radical changes really

:09:39.:09:43.

are ahead. Will this be enough to settle peoples opinions about Fifa

:09:44.:09:46.

and where it is going and where has been?

:09:47.:09:51.

That is a big question. Will it be enough? Who knows. Fifa has a long

:09:52.:09:55.

way to go. They have a lot of the bridges to build. There is been this

:09:56.:09:58.

awful cloud hanging over the organisation for many years now.

:09:59.:10:04.

Will appoint one lady to the second-in-command role, the

:10:05.:10:07.

Secretary General role, will that be enough? We'll have to wait and see.

:10:08.:10:10.

It is a start. They're really trying to make a difference. They have

:10:11.:10:14.

appointed a woman for the first time to the second most important job in

:10:15.:10:18.

people. That has to be a start. Any think about how women's football is

:10:19.:10:21.

been on the rise of the recent years packed there is little bit more for

:10:22.:10:24.

people to do but we can only hope that this will make a difference.

:10:25.:10:30.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:10:31.:10:42.

We're getting reports of an attack on a supporters club of the football

:10:43.:10:45.

As many as 14 people are reported to have been killed in the shooting

:10:46.:10:50.

which happened in the predominately Shia town of Balad - about 130

:10:51.:10:53.

A group of men are reported to have entered the building an opened fire.

:10:54.:10:57.

Witnesses claim they were from Islamic State.

:10:58.:10:59.

The Ugandan opposition leader has been charged with treason. He was

:11:00.:11:05.

the main challenger to the president in recent elections. He insists he

:11:06.:11:11.

was the rightful winner and held a mock swearing in ceremony earlier

:11:12.:11:12.

this week. The US Secret Service has said it

:11:13.:11:12.

will investigate the former butler of the Republican presidential

:11:13.:11:15.

candidate, Donald Trump, over Facebook posts calling

:11:16.:11:17.

for President Obama to be killed. Anthony Senecal,

:11:18.:11:19.

who's 84, and served as Mr Trump's butler until 2009,

:11:20.:11:22.

confirmed he wrote the posts, some A spokeswoman for Mr Trump

:11:23.:11:27.

distanced his campaign Thousands of people have turned out

:11:28.:11:31.

in Beirut for the funeral of one of Hezbollah's top leaders,

:11:32.:11:38.

Mustafa Badreddine. Hezbollah announced earlier today

:11:39.:11:40.

that he'd been killed in Syria where he was reportedly

:11:41.:11:43.

the movement's senior commander. His funeral is taking place

:11:44.:11:45.

in the southern suburbs of Beirut Rami Ruhayem is there

:11:46.:11:47.

and describes the atmosphere. Yes, we are in the middle

:11:48.:11:56.

of the funeral procession As you can see it is a very

:11:57.:11:59.

crowded funeral procession. Just a few minutes ago,

:12:00.:12:06.

Hezbollah supporters were firing their guns in the air

:12:07.:12:09.

and there was quite an emotional scene as the body of

:12:10.:12:12.

Mustafa Badreddine, the Hezbollah military commander went past us,

:12:13.:12:14.

along this street on to the cemetery As you mentioned, it is not clear

:12:15.:12:18.

at all whom Hezbollah They issued two statements this

:12:19.:12:26.

morning, where they announced that The first contains very little

:12:27.:12:35.

detail, only an implicit reference that the assassination

:12:36.:12:42.

took place in Syria. The second one contained

:12:43.:12:44.

a little bit more detail. It said he was killed in a large

:12:45.:12:46.

explosion close to the Damascus International Airport,

:12:47.:12:49.

and they said in the statement that the explosion could have been

:12:50.:12:53.

caused by an air strike, or by artillery fire,

:12:54.:12:57.

or by a missile attack, so that leaves the door open

:12:58.:12:59.

for many different possibilities, including an assassination

:13:00.:13:03.

by the Israelis, especially But there are also

:13:04.:13:07.

other possibilities. Just a few minutes ago,

:13:08.:13:10.

before the funeral procession, the deputy leader of Hezbollah

:13:11.:13:13.

was speaking, and he said, that Hezbollah, within the next few hour,

:13:14.:13:16.

will make an announcement about who they think

:13:17.:13:19.

is behind the assassination, and will take whatever action

:13:20.:13:23.

they choose to take depending Canadian Prime Minister Justin

:13:24.:13:26.

Trudeau is visiting the fire-ravaged town of Fort McMurray -

:13:27.:13:35.

meeting people who have been on the front lines

:13:36.:13:39.

of the devastating blaze. The efforts have been hampered

:13:40.:13:43.

by high temperatures Our correspondent Rajini

:13:44.:13:44.

Vaidyanathan has more. Canada's prime Minster is meeting

:13:45.:13:58.

with some of the firefighters and rescue workers who helped battle

:13:59.:14:04.

those wildfires. He will be meeting them in Fort big muddy itself. It

:14:05.:14:10.

was devastated by those powerful wildfires. The worst of those fires

:14:11.:14:15.

have moved away from the residential areas but people still are not able

:14:16.:14:19.

to enter the area apart from contractors and some of the workers

:14:20.:14:22.

who were helping to try and rebuild that area. We were given access

:14:23.:14:27.

yesterday to Fort McMurray and it really was shocking to see how

:14:28.:14:30.

powerful those wildfires really well. You walked along some streets

:14:31.:14:35.

where houses on one side were perfectly intact and you just had to

:14:36.:14:39.

turn around to see a family home produced to just the foundations,

:14:40.:14:45.

ash and cinder. It was like a children's book just left in the

:14:46.:14:48.

remaining rubble. It really is heartbreaking. We saw cars that have

:14:49.:14:53.

been left as burnt out shells and green grass which is now black suit

:14:54.:14:59.

in large parts of Fort McMurray. 90,000 people were forced to flee

:15:00.:15:03.

their homes. It is remarkable when you see those pictures of those

:15:04.:15:07.

atrocious claims that no one lost their lives. There are tens of

:15:08.:15:12.

thousands of people without a home. Many do not know what has happened

:15:13.:15:17.

to their houses because about 80% of Fort McMurray was indeed saved but

:15:18.:15:21.

it will take some time for people to be able to move back into the area.

:15:22.:15:26.

That is a question that people will have four the Prime Minister. They

:15:27.:15:30.

want answers. How long will it take before they can go back home? You

:15:31.:15:34.

want to know what has happened to their homes in the first place. The

:15:35.:15:38.

Government has given people hear about 1200 and the Canadian dollars

:15:39.:15:42.

as a lump sum payment to help them out but many people say they are not

:15:43.:15:45.

going to be able to for weeks. They are homeless and they have to start

:15:46.:15:50.

paying rent when they start moving out of some of the emergency

:15:51.:15:53.

accommodation that they have been provided with so they don't know how

:15:54.:15:57.

they are going to survive for the weeks and months to come.

:15:58.:16:03.

In India, the River Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus,

:16:04.:16:06.

But it's highly polluted and now the government has launched

:16:07.:16:09.

an ambitious three-billion-dollar programme to clean up the river

:16:10.:16:12.

The river flows across northern India and into Bangladesh -

:16:13.:16:15.

and one sign of the pollution is the fall in the numbers of Dolphins.

:16:16.:16:18.

In the second part of our special series on India's

:16:19.:16:21.

greatest and most sacred - our South Asia Correspondent,

:16:22.:16:23.

Justin Rowlatt went to the shores of the Ganges, and got rather lucky.

:16:24.:16:36.

This is the holiest city in all India. But just take a look at this.

:16:37.:16:52.

It is also a huge source of pollution. The ancient practices of

:16:53.:16:59.

Riverside cremation are one tiny part of it. A far bigger problem is

:17:00.:17:11.

the waste of the living. We can only treat a third of the

:17:12.:17:18.

sewage. The city generates more than litres of waste. You rest go

:17:19.:17:23.

straight into the Ganges. The figures elsewhere on the river

:17:24.:17:28.

are even worse. Independent studies show 18% of sewage is untreated. The

:17:29.:17:33.

Government says it plans to big massive new waste treatment

:17:34.:17:37.

infrastructure, environmentalists say it cannot come soon enough for

:17:38.:17:44.

at least one clean species. The hope was that we might be able

:17:45.:17:50.

to spot the incredibly rare dolphin. And incredibly, within minutes of

:17:51.:17:54.

arriving here I saw the dorsal bin of one of them breaks the water and

:17:55.:17:58.

the real challenge I think is going to be filming them. We've got a

:17:59.:18:07.

boat. This is the cameraman. How difficult do you think it will be to

:18:08.:18:09.

film the dolphins? We have seen a couple. It is quite

:18:10.:18:18.

tough and caused pop-ups suddenly. You are an expert on the dolphins.

:18:19.:18:23.

One of the programmes is to protect this rare animal. How rare is the

:18:24.:18:28.

dolphin? The dolphin is an Endangered Species

:18:29.:18:35.

and it is rare to spot these animals.

:18:36.:18:38.

Today there were a dolphins all around us.

:18:39.:18:46.

Six or seven. They have to service every two minutes or so to breathe.

:18:47.:18:51.

The challenges guessing where they are going to be. After a bit, he

:18:52.:18:56.

gets his eye in and just look at this. This has been extraordinary. I

:18:57.:19:07.

never expected to see anything like as many dolphins as we have seen. It

:19:08.:19:11.

is such incredibly good news because what it tells us is this river is

:19:12.:19:15.

capable of supporting these wonderful animals and it also shows

:19:16.:19:21.

us what is at stake. I'd is so important that the Indian

:19:22.:19:23.

Government's efforts to clean up this river succeed.

:19:24.:19:36.

And you can see Justin's film - Killing The Ganges

:19:37.:19:39.

on Our World this weekend - Saturday and Sunday

:19:40.:19:41.

evening at 8.30 GMT - that's 4.30pm in New York -

:19:42.:19:44.

Still in China - and Apple is moving into the taxi industry -

:19:45.:19:55.

investing a billion dollars into the Chinese version of Uber.

:19:56.:19:57.

It's called Didi Chuxing - a car-hailing app

:19:58.:20:00.

which claims to have almost 90- per cent of the Chinese market.

:20:01.:20:03.

In January, its major rival - Uber - admitted it is losing

:20:04.:20:06.

more than a billion dollars a year in China -

:20:07.:20:08.

spending huge sums to subsidise discounted rides.

:20:09.:20:10.

Chinese company Didi Chuxing has just received a 1 billion US dollar

:20:11.:20:28.

investment from Apple and it could change the fate of the taxi industry

:20:29.:20:31.

in this country. How? I will explain. Didi Chuxing operates a

:20:32.:20:41.

phone app. The fall it came along the only way to get hold of a cab in

:20:42.:20:45.

this country was to get out into the street and try and hail one. Then

:20:46.:20:51.

along came Didi Chuxing and changed everything. And there it is. You can

:20:52.:20:55.

see the taxis available in this area. And here is my account. --

:20:56.:21:10.

might have. With the introduction of this app Chinese people have been

:21:11.:21:14.

able to leapfrog into the future. One day they cannot order a taxi at

:21:15.:21:18.

all, the next they are communicating with the driver, they conceive a

:21:19.:21:24.

drive up's real-time location and now you should try hailing a cab in

:21:25.:21:28.

a major Chinese city. You cannot get one because the drivers are rotating

:21:29.:21:33.

these bookings. However. Temp two has made and it bends of push into

:21:34.:21:40.

China and is popular with more affluent customers. Didi Chuxing has

:21:41.:21:45.

responded with its own premium car service. And now with this extra

:21:46.:21:48.

injection of money from Apple it is hoping it can expand its service and

:21:49.:21:53.

hoping it can expand its service and stable any challenge from Uber.

:21:54.:21:58.

Now considering her earnings, you'd think the tennis champion,

:21:59.:22:00.

Serena Williams, could probably afford to eat anything she wanted,

:22:01.:22:03.

but, get this, she's admitted to eating dog food.

:22:04.:22:05.

The star - playing at the Italian open -

:22:06.:22:07.

says she ordered a gourmet dish from her hotel's "dog

:22:08.:22:10.

She said it looked so good - she ate a spoonful.

:22:11.:22:20.

I order him this salmon and rice because I thought, ie salmon. So I

:22:21.:22:29.

ordered the salmon and rice and before you judge me, look at it.

:22:30.:22:34.

That is the salmon and rice. It is kind of all mixed together, right? I

:22:35.:22:40.

mean, come on. It looks good. I think it looks good. I thought I

:22:41.:22:44.

would try apiece, it looks good. So I eat a spoonful. Don't judge me.

:22:45.:22:52.

IAEA spoonful. So now I feel really sick. It was just a spoonful.

:22:53.:22:57.

Well, at least it had no long lasting effects -

:22:58.:23:01.

the tennis star made it through to the quarter-finals

:23:02.:23:03.

Now to a remote corner of Ireland, where some residents are 'feeling

:23:04.:23:07.

the force.' The filming of the next Star Wars film is rumoured to be

:23:08.:23:11.

starting in the country's most northern point -

:23:12.:23:17.

So could the wildly successful films mean a boom in tourism

:23:18.:23:21.

On land, far far away. Already as far north as you can go on the

:23:22.:23:38.

island of Ireland. Strange visitors from other worlds have been

:23:39.:23:42.

arriving. By which I mean the strange world of Hollywood. There

:23:43.:23:47.

have been weeks of preparation near Malin Head but local people have

:23:48.:23:52.

been sworn to secrecy about this shoot for the new star Wars film.

:23:53.:23:57.

I can't give too much away because I don't know too much about it and the

:23:58.:24:02.

little bit I do know they've asked me to keep confidential. In fact,

:24:03.:24:09.

confidentiality. Those agreements have not stop the

:24:10.:24:14.

speculation. Many believe that the rocks along the rugged coastline,

:24:15.:24:19.

this could be the millennium for Ken or at the very least another

:24:20.:24:24.

spaceship. It is the dramatic coastline which is the attraction.

:24:25.:24:28.

And the cameras are due to head back south near to the historic monastic

:24:29.:24:34.

retreat where filming took place the first time. But for the minute, it

:24:35.:24:39.

is the most northerly tip where they are hoping the power of the bourse

:24:40.:24:42.

and this blockbuster film franchise will put interests.

:24:43.:24:46.

This is going to make a massive difference to the tourist is that

:24:47.:24:51.

will come to the north-west. It is going to be bigger than people can

:24:52.:24:56.

imagine. A few fanatic fans have already

:24:57.:24:59.

arrived in Donegal, apparently from the dark side. But despite

:25:00.:25:05.

appearances, the visitors seem very friendly. After all, this is a place

:25:06.:25:09.

where even a storm trooper can PC eight the scenery.

:25:10.:25:12.

Now to a powerful volcanic eruption in Costa Rica that's been

:25:13.:25:16.

spectacularly captured by a thermal camera.

:25:17.:25:19.

The active Turrialba Volcano spread ash across the country

:25:20.:25:25.

after its explosion measured three kilometres over

:25:26.:25:27.

The national park where it is located is usually open

:25:28.:25:31.

to visitors but increased activity for the past two years has forced

:25:32.:25:34.

You can get in touch with stories or tweet me.

:25:35.:25:47.

But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye

:25:48.:26:04.

This weekend will be cooler than last weekend by several degrees but

:26:05.:26:11.

there is still reasonable weather on offer. Earlier today we sell the

:26:12.:26:16.

cloud melt away. Showers in the south and west but it is this cloud

:26:17.:26:19.

which is of interest because it is a cold front moving its way south. The

:26:20.:26:22.

colder is falling

:26:23.:26:23.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS