13/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.


The headlines: a British inquiry highlights Europe's failure


to stop people smuggling across the Mediterranean.


Over 1,000 migrants were picked up on Friday off the coast of Italy -


some said the smugglers didn't give them a choice.


A UN diplomat becomes the first woman appointed as secretary general


Also coming up: Thousands attend the funeral of a top Hezbollah


military commander killed in an explosion inside Syria.


And the Canadian prime minister arrives in Fort McMurray -


the town devastated by a raging wildfire that forced the evacuation


The European mission to stop migrant smuggling


in the Mediterranean is failing - that's the verdict from a group


Hundreds of migrants have arrived in Europe from Libya in the past 48


hours and the report says there's little prospect of stopping more.


That's in contrast to the route via Turkey that has


seen a dramatic fall - mainly due to the EU's deal


with Turkey to stem the number of Syrians making the crossing.


It's the Libyan route however that's causing most concern for officials.


The lack of a stable government in Libya is allowing more and more


boats to make the treacherous crossing to Italy.


Through most of the crossing, they slept.


Huddled beneath blankets as if trying to shield


themselves from the world they struggled to survive in.


But by morning, there was a much brighter mood.


A new future - and whatever Europe is, it must surely be better


233 mostly economic migrants from West Africa.


Italy's ports are founded on mercantile trade but this


This 20-year-old said the boat was the only escape


Yeah, we were beaten and you normally eat once in a day.


We found them two days ago, drifting in this rubber boat off


The people smugglers had packed them in and gave them just enough fuel


An hour after this rescue, a storm blew in.


And this is what happens when the waves get bigger.


This is the moment that they dreamt of.


The moment that many of them had risked it all for.


Their first steps onto European soil.


232 here, 801 in Messina, over 1000 migrants just today.


Among those also leaving today were 51 young men under the age


Here is one from Guinea-Bissau.


It is a lonely world for a boy so young.


One proposed solution is to send Europe's navies into Libya's


waters but to do that, you need a Government


The inescapable truth is: so long as there is money to be made


from this dirty business of people trafficking, they will come.


Migrants heading to Europe from Libya.


By contrast, there are signs the efforts to stop the flow


of migrants into Europe from Turkey - are beginning


Numbers arriving from Turkey onto the Greek islands are down


around 90 per cent in April compared with the previous month


following a deal struck between the EU and Turkey.


But as our chief correspondent Gavin Hewitt now reports from Izmir,


political pressures mean the deal is looking increasingly vulnerable.


These are the Turkey beaches from where tens of thousands


of refugees left for their perilous journey to Europe.


Today, all that remains are discarded clothes.


Almost no refugees are making the crossing to Greece.


But the deal between Turkey and the EU to solve the migrant


Go into the fields near the Turkish coast close to Greece and you find


Syrian refugees who once dreamt of going to Europe


The deal signed in March has all but blocked the migrant trade.


TRANSLATION: The sea border with Greece is now closed


and if someone wants to go to Europe, they cannot.


The Turkish Coast Guard patrols are much more rigorous.


Just two months ago, 8,000 refugees crossed


So far this month, the numbers are around 300.


And for those who make it to Greece, the route through the Balkans


is lined with fences and riot police.


There is no possibility to move further from Greece and in Greece,


the movement from the islands to the mainland became impossible now.


So, in Turkey, the tables where the smugglers did their deals


are almost empty and the shops cannot sell air life jackets.


The Turkish government says it has honoured its part of the deal.


TRANSLATION: If the refugees go outside the cities


where they are registered, they are told to go back.


If they try to reach the coast and escape,


The easing of the refugee crisis depends on a controversial deal


Turkey, clamping down on the migrants, in exchange


for visa-free travel to much of Europe.


But the European Parliament is insisting that first, Turkey must


Turkey says it has done enough and the whole


So there is a risk of a migrant crisis returning.


The developments are being followed closely in Germany, where most


of the previous refugees went and by the referendum


You can get more on our website and smart-phone app.


We've explained this crisis in seven charts,


looking at the numbers of people arriving and


mapping their journeys - just go to BBC.com?news,


World football's governing body, FIFA, has served notice that radical


changes are intended for the organisation by making


a surprise appointment of a new Secretary General.


FIFA president Gianni Infantino told the organization's annual


congress in Mexico City that Senegalese UN diplomat Fatma Samoura


is the first female secretary general in the history


of the male-dominated world football organisation.


She is working since 21 years in the United Nations.


She is a great person, she is used to managing big


organisations and she will bring a fresh wind to Fifa.


Somebody from outside, not somebody from inside.


Not somebody from the past but somebody new.


Lizzie Greenwood Hughes joins us from the BBC Sport Centre.


What do we know about her? We know that she's 54 years old and


speaks for damages and she spent most of her career working for the


United Nations, specialising in the development and working a lot in


Africa. She's pretty working in Nigeria. We also know that she has


never worked in football. It is interesting because this is going to


be the number two interesting because this is going to


football. She will be the right-hand woman now to the Fifa president.


The former president was banned. She's never worked in football but


as the president said she is this new face. She will be part of the


shake up and has a proven ability to lead teams, she also understands


that transparency and accountability are at the heart of any well-run and


responsible organisation and that is in response to all the scandals that


have been surrounding Fifa and world football over recent years.


I said earlier that it does serve notice that radical changes really


are ahead. Will this be enough to settle peoples opinions about Fifa


and where it is going and where has been?


That is a big question. Will it be enough? Who knows. Fifa has a long


way to go. They have a lot of the bridges to build. There is been this


awful cloud hanging over the organisation for many years now.


Will appoint one lady to the second-in-command role, the


Secretary General role, will that be enough? We'll have to wait and see.


It is a start. They're really trying to make a difference. They have


appointed a woman for the first time to the second most important job in


people. That has to be a start. Any think about how women's football is


been on the rise of the recent years packed there is little bit more for


people to do but we can only hope that this will make a difference.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


We're getting reports of an attack on a supporters club of the football


As many as 14 people are reported to have been killed in the shooting


which happened in the predominately Shia town of Balad - about 130


A group of men are reported to have entered the building an opened fire.


Witnesses claim they were from Islamic State.


The Ugandan opposition leader has been charged with treason. He was


the main challenger to the president in recent elections. He insists he


was the rightful winner and held a mock swearing in ceremony earlier


this week. The US Secret Service has said it


will investigate the former butler of the Republican presidential


candidate, Donald Trump, over Facebook posts calling


for President Obama to be killed. Anthony Senecal,


who's 84, and served as Mr Trump's butler until 2009,


confirmed he wrote the posts, some A spokeswoman for Mr Trump


distanced his campaign Thousands of people have turned out


in Beirut for the funeral of one of Hezbollah's top leaders,


Mustafa Badreddine. Hezbollah announced earlier today


that he'd been killed in Syria where he was reportedly


the movement's senior commander. His funeral is taking place


in the southern suburbs of Beirut Rami Ruhayem is there


and describes the atmosphere. Yes, we are in the middle


of the funeral procession As you can see it is a very


crowded funeral procession. Just a few minutes ago,


Hezbollah supporters were firing their guns in the air


and there was quite an emotional scene as the body of


Mustafa Badreddine, the Hezbollah military commander went past us,


along this street on to the cemetery As you mentioned, it is not clear


at all whom Hezbollah They issued two statements this


morning, where they announced that The first contains very little


detail, only an implicit reference that the assassination


took place in Syria. The second one contained


a little bit more detail. It said he was killed in a large


explosion close to the Damascus International Airport,


and they said in the statement that the explosion could have been


caused by an air strike, or by artillery fire,


or by a missile attack, so that leaves the door open


for many different possibilities, including an assassination


by the Israelis, especially But there are also


other possibilities. Just a few minutes ago,


before the funeral procession, the deputy leader of Hezbollah


was speaking, and he said, that Hezbollah, within the next few hour,


will make an announcement about who they think


is behind the assassination, and will take whatever action


they choose to take depending Canadian Prime Minister Justin


Trudeau is visiting the fire-ravaged town of Fort McMurray -


meeting people who have been on the front lines


of the devastating blaze. The efforts have been hampered


by high temperatures Our correspondent Rajini


Vaidyanathan has more. Canada's prime Minster is meeting


with some of the firefighters and rescue workers who helped battle


those wildfires. He will be meeting them in Fort big muddy itself. It


was devastated by those powerful wildfires. The worst of those fires


have moved away from the residential areas but people still are not able


to enter the area apart from contractors and some of the workers


who were helping to try and rebuild that area. We were given access


yesterday to Fort McMurray and it really was shocking to see how


powerful those wildfires really well. You walked along some streets


where houses on one side were perfectly intact and you just had to


turn around to see a family home produced to just the foundations,


ash and cinder. It was like a children's book just left in the


remaining rubble. It really is heartbreaking. We saw cars that have


been left as burnt out shells and green grass which is now black suit


in large parts of Fort McMurray. 90,000 people were forced to flee


their homes. It is remarkable when you see those pictures of those


atrocious claims that no one lost their lives. There are tens of


thousands of people without a home. Many do not know what has happened


to their houses because about 80% of Fort McMurray was indeed saved but


it will take some time for people to be able to move back into the area.


That is a question that people will have four the Prime Minister. They


want answers. How long will it take before they can go back home? You


want to know what has happened to their homes in the first place. The


Government has given people hear about 1200 and the Canadian dollars


as a lump sum payment to help them out but many people say they are not


going to be able to for weeks. They are homeless and they have to start


paying rent when they start moving out of some of the emergency


accommodation that they have been provided with so they don't know how


they are going to survive for the weeks and months to come.


In India, the River Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus,


But it's highly polluted and now the government has launched


an ambitious three-billion-dollar programme to clean up the river


The river flows across northern India and into Bangladesh -


and one sign of the pollution is the fall in the numbers of Dolphins.


In the second part of our special series on India's


greatest and most sacred - our South Asia Correspondent,


Justin Rowlatt went to the shores of the Ganges, and got rather lucky.


This is the holiest city in all India. But just take a look at this.


It is also a huge source of pollution. The ancient practices of


Riverside cremation are one tiny part of it. A far bigger problem is


the waste of the living. We can only treat a third of the


sewage. The city generates more than litres of waste. You rest go


straight into the Ganges. The figures elsewhere on the river


are even worse. Independent studies show 18% of sewage is untreated. The


Government says it plans to big massive new waste treatment


infrastructure, environmentalists say it cannot come soon enough for


at least one clean species. The hope was that we might be able


to spot the incredibly rare dolphin. And incredibly, within minutes of


arriving here I saw the dorsal bin of one of them breaks the water and


the real challenge I think is going to be filming them. We've got a


boat. This is the cameraman. How difficult do you think it will be to


film the dolphins? We have seen a couple. It is quite


tough and caused pop-ups suddenly. You are an expert on the dolphins.


One of the programmes is to protect this rare animal. How rare is the


dolphin? The dolphin is an Endangered Species


and it is rare to spot these animals.


Today there were a dolphins all around us.


Six or seven. They have to service every two minutes or so to breathe.


The challenges guessing where they are going to be. After a bit, he


gets his eye in and just look at this. This has been extraordinary. I


never expected to see anything like as many dolphins as we have seen. It


is such incredibly good news because what it tells us is this river is


capable of supporting these wonderful animals and it also shows


us what is at stake. I'd is so important that the Indian


Government's efforts to clean up this river succeed.


And you can see Justin's film - Killing The Ganges


on Our World this weekend - Saturday and Sunday


evening at 8.30 GMT - that's 4.30pm in New York -


Still in China - and Apple is moving into the taxi industry -


investing a billion dollars into the Chinese version of Uber.


It's called Didi Chuxing - a car-hailing app


which claims to have almost 90- per cent of the Chinese market.


In January, its major rival - Uber - admitted it is losing


more than a billion dollars a year in China -


spending huge sums to subsidise discounted rides.


Chinese company Didi Chuxing has just received a 1 billion US dollar


investment from Apple and it could change the fate of the taxi industry


in this country. How? I will explain. Didi Chuxing operates a


phone app. The fall it came along the only way to get hold of a cab in


this country was to get out into the street and try and hail one. Then


along came Didi Chuxing and changed everything. And there it is. You can


see the taxis available in this area. And here is my account. --


might have. With the introduction of this app Chinese people have been


able to leapfrog into the future. One day they cannot order a taxi at


all, the next they are communicating with the driver, they conceive a


drive up's real-time location and now you should try hailing a cab in


a major Chinese city. You cannot get one because the drivers are rotating


these bookings. However. Temp two has made and it bends of push into


China and is popular with more affluent customers. Didi Chuxing has


responded with its own premium car service. And now with this extra


injection of money from Apple it is hoping it can expand its service and


hoping it can expand its service and stable any challenge from Uber.


Now considering her earnings, you'd think the tennis champion,


Serena Williams, could probably afford to eat anything she wanted,


but, get this, she's admitted to eating dog food.


The star - playing at the Italian open -


says she ordered a gourmet dish from her hotel's "dog


She said it looked so good - she ate a spoonful.


I order him this salmon and rice because I thought, ie salmon. So I


ordered the salmon and rice and before you judge me, look at it.


That is the salmon and rice. It is kind of all mixed together, right? I


mean, come on. It looks good. I think it looks good. I thought I


would try apiece, it looks good. So I eat a spoonful. Don't judge me.


IAEA spoonful. So now I feel really sick. It was just a spoonful.


Well, at least it had no long lasting effects -


the tennis star made it through to the quarter-finals


Now to a remote corner of Ireland, where some residents are 'feeling


the force.' The filming of the next Star Wars film is rumoured to be


starting in the country's most northern point -


So could the wildly successful films mean a boom in tourism


On land, far far away. Already as far north as you can go on the


island of Ireland. Strange visitors from other worlds have been


arriving. By which I mean the strange world of Hollywood. There


have been weeks of preparation near Malin Head but local people have


been sworn to secrecy about this shoot for the new star Wars film.


I can't give too much away because I don't know too much about it and the


little bit I do know they've asked me to keep confidential. In fact,


confidentiality. Those agreements have not stop the


speculation. Many believe that the rocks along the rugged coastline,


this could be the millennium for Ken or at the very least another


spaceship. It is the dramatic coastline which is the attraction.


And the cameras are due to head back south near to the historic monastic


retreat where filming took place the first time. But for the minute, it


is the most northerly tip where they are hoping the power of the bourse


and this blockbuster film franchise will put interests.


This is going to make a massive difference to the tourist is that


will come to the north-west. It is going to be bigger than people can


imagine. A few fanatic fans have already


arrived in Donegal, apparently from the dark side. But despite


appearances, the visitors seem very friendly. After all, this is a place


where even a storm trooper can PC eight the scenery.


Now to a powerful volcanic eruption in Costa Rica that's been


spectacularly captured by a thermal camera.


The active Turrialba Volcano spread ash across the country


after its explosion measured three kilometres over


The national park where it is located is usually open


to visitors but increased activity for the past two years has forced


You can get in touch with stories or tweet me.


But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye


This weekend will be cooler than last weekend by several degrees but


there is still reasonable weather on offer. Earlier today we sell the


cloud melt away. Showers in the south and west but it is this cloud


which is of interest because it is a cold front moving its way south. The


colder is falling


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