13/05/2016 World News Today


13/05/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.

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The European Union has been warned it is not cracking down on illegal

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migrants. I truly believe in equality. I

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believe in embracing diversity. And the Canadian prime minister

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arrives in Fort McMurray - the town devastated by a raging

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wildfire that forced the evacuation The European mission

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to stop migrant smuggling in the Mediterranean is failing -

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that's the verdict from a group Hundreds of migrants have arrived

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in Europe from Libya in the past 48 hours and the report says there's

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little prospect of stopping more. That's in contrast to the route

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via Turkey that has seen a dramatic fall -

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mainly due to the EU's deal with Turkey to stem the number

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of Syrians making the crossing. It's the Libyan route however that's

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causing most concern for officials. The lack of a stable government

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in Libya is allowing more and more boats to make the treacherous

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crossing to Italy. This is new migrants, cargo. A

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record year. Why do they come? This man said this was the only escape

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from the horrors of Libya. Very hard conditions? You told me you were

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beat? Yes, it is once in a day. He is lucky to be alive, we found them

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two days ago, drifting in this rubber boat. The people smugglers

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pack them in and gave just enough fuel to leave Libyan waters. An hour

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after this rescue, a storm blowing, and this is what happens when the

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waves get bigger. The boats fold and sink.

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This is the moment that they dreamt of.

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The moment that many of them had risked it all for.

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Their first steps onto European soil.

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232 here, 801 in Messina, over 1000 migrants just today.

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Among those also leaving today were 51 young men under the age

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Here is one from Guinea-Bissau.

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It is a lonely world for a boy so young.

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One proposed solution is to send Europe's navies into Libya's

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waters but to do that, you need a Government

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The inescapable truth is: so long as there is money to be made

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from this dirty business of people trafficking, they will come.

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Migrants heading to Europe from Libya.

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By contrast, there are signs the efforts to stop

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the flow of migrants into Europe from Turkey -

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are beginning to have a significant impact.

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Numbers arriving from Turkey onto the Greek islands are down

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around 90 per cent in April compared with the previous month

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following a deal struck between the EU and Turkey.

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But as our chief correspondent Gavin Hewitt now reports from Izmir,

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political pressures mean the deal is looking increasingly vulnerable.

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These are the Turkey beaches from where tens of thousands

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of refugees left for their perilous journey to Europe.

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Almost no refugees are making the crossing to Greece.

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But the deal between Turkey and the EU to solve the migrant

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The deal signed in March has all but blocked the migrant trade.

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TRANSLATION: The sea border with Greece is now closed

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and if someone wants to go to Europe, they cannot.

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The Turkish Coast Guard patrols are much more rigorous.

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Just two months ago, 8,000 refugees crossed

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So far this month, the numbers are around 300.

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And for those who make it to Greece, the route through the Balkans

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is lined with fences and riot police.

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There is no possibility to move further from Greece and in Greece,

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the movement from the islands to the mainland became impossible now.

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So, in Turkey, the tables where the smugglers did their deals

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are almost empty and the shops cannot sell air life jackets.

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The Turkish government says it has honoured its part of the deal.

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TRANSLATION: If the refugees go outside the cities

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where they are registered, they are told to go back.

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If they try to reach the coast and escape,

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The easing of the refugee crisis depends on a controversial deal

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Turkey, clamping down on the migrants, in exchange

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for visa-free travel to much of Europe.

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But the European Parliament is insisting that first, Turkey must

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Turkey says it has done enough and the whole

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So there is a risk of a migrant crisis returning.

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The developments are being followed closely in Germany, where most

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of the previous refugees went and by the referendum

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World football's governing body, FIFA, has served notice that radical

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changes are intended for the organisation by making

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a surprise appointment of a new Secretary General.

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FIFA president Gianni Infantino told the organization's annual congress

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in Mexico City that Senegalese UN diplomat Fatma Samoura is the first

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female secretary general in the history of the male-dominated

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She is working since 21 years in the United Nations.

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She is a great person, she is used to managing big

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organisations and she will bring a fresh wind to Fifa.

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Somebody from outside, not somebody from inside.

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Not somebody from the past but somebody new.

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We will have all the latest on that new appointment. Our sport editor

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has more background on Fatma Samoura's appointment.

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We're getting reports of an attack on a supporters club of the football

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As many as 15 people are reported to have been killed in the shooting

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which happened in the predominately Shia town of Balad - about 130

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IS said in a statement that they were targeting Shias, not football

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fans. He insists that he was the rightful

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winner, the opening ceremony this week.

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The US Secret Service has said it will investigate the former butler

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of the Republican presidential candidate, Donald Trump,

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over Facebook posts calling for President Obama to be killed.

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Anthony Senecal, who's 84, and served as Mr Trump's butler

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until 2009, confirmed he wrote the posts, some last year,

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A spokeswoman for Mr Trump distanced his campaign

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Thousands of people have turned out in Beirut for the funeral of one

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of Hezbollah's top leaders, Mustafa Badreddine.

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Hezbollah announced earlier today that he'd been killed in Syria

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where he was reportedly the movement's senior commander.

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His funeral is taking place in the southern suburbs of Beirut

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Rami Ruhayem is there and describes the atmosphere.

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Yes, we are in the middle of the funeral procession

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As you can see it is a very crowded funeral procession.

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Just a few minutes ago, Hezbollah supporters

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were firing their guns in the air and there was quite an emotional

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scene as the body of Mustafa Badreddine, the Hezbollah

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military commander went past us, along this street on to the cemetery

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As you mentioned, it is not clear at all whom Hezbollah

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They issued two statements this morning, where they announced that

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The first contains very little detail, only an implicit reference

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that the assassination took place in Syria.

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The second one contained a little bit more detail.

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It said he was killed in a large explosion close to the Damascus

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International Airport, and they said in the statement

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that the explosion could have been caused by an air strike,

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or by artillery fire, or by a missile attack,

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so that leaves the door open for many different possibilities,

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including an assassination by the Israelis, especially

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But there are also other possibilities.

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Just a few minutes ago, before the funeral procession,

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the deputy leader of Hezbollah was speaking, and he said, that

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Hezbollah, within the next few hour, will make an announcement

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about who they think is behind the assassination,

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and will take whatever action they choose to take depending

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Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is visiting the fire-ravaged

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town of Fort McMurray - meeting people who have

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been on the front lines of the devastating blaze.

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The efforts have been hampered by high temperatures

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Our correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan has more.

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Canada's prime Minster is meeting with some of the firefighters

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and rescue workers who helped battle those wildfires.

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He will be meeting them in Fort big muddy itself.

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It was devastated by those powerful wildfires.

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The worst of those fires have moved away from the residential areas

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but people still are not able to enter the area apart

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from contractors and some of the workers who were helping

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We were given access yesterday to Fort McMurray and it really

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was shocking to see how powerful those wildfires really well.

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was shocking to see how powerful those wildfires really well -- were.

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You walked along some streets where houses on one side

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were perfectly intact and you just had to turn around to see a family

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home produced to just the foundations, ash and cinder.

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It was like a children's book just left in the remaining rubble.

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We saw cars that have been left as burnt out shells and green grass

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which is now black soot in large parts of Fort McMurray.

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90,000 people were forced to flee their homes.

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It is remarkable when you see those pictures of those atrocious flames

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There are tens of thousands of people without a home.

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Many do not know what has happened to their houses because about 80%

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of Fort McMurray was indeed saved but it will take some time

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for people to be able to move back into the area.

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That is a question that people will have four the Prime Minister.

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How long will it take before they can go back home?

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You want to know what has happened to their homes in the first place.

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There is a legal stand-off in North Carolina over the controversial new

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laws that only allows people to use public toilets based on the

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biological sex. Going to a public bad Tim is generally a simple act.

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This has caused America's transgendered community in the

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middle of the political row. North Carolina introduced the bathroom

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bill, meaning people can only use a public toilet or changing room

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matched to the birth certificate, rather than the gender they identify

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with. They say it will prevent women and girls from sexual predators. The

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law has sparked anger, and many entertainers have boycotted the

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state. The Justice Department filed a lawsuit against North Carolina

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saying it violates the rights of transgender people. This law

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inflicts further indignity on a population that has already suffered

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far more than its fair share. This law provides no benefit to society

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and all it does is harm innocent Americans. The Obama administration

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Nye says that public schools must allow transgender students access to

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facilities consistent with the gender identity. If schools are

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vying to be discriminatory, they could lose out on government funds.

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The Texas Lieutenant Governor has cold the blackmail. He has said a

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policy in place that will divide the country not along political lines,

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but along family values. And school districts. No signs of letup this

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fierce debate over transgender riots. The toilet door, know

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something of a symbol, in the latest of America's culture wars. To stay

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with us. The millennium Balkan has landed in a quiet corner in Northern

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Ireland! -- millennium Balkan. The Pope has been shot, but will

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live. The mild they call the butcher of Leon went on trial today in the

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French town where he was the Gestapo chief in the Second World War.

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Winnie Mandela never looked like a women just sentenced to six years in

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jail. The judge told her there was no indication cheaper even the

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slightest remorse. The Chinese government has cold for an all out

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effort to help the victims of a powerful earthquake. The computer

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deep blue has tonight Triumph over the world chess champion Garry

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Kasparov. It is the first time the machine has defeated reigning world

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champion in the classical chess match. America's first legal

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same-sex marriages have been taking place in Massachusetts.

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The headlines: a British inquiry highlights Europe's failure

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to stop people smuggling across the Mediterranean.

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Peter has elected its first ever female official...

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The Supreme Court in South Africa has given the right for thousands of

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miners in South Africa to sue for damages.

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A landmark court ruling allowing mind workers to sue gold mining

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firms. In an unprecedented case would set the stage for the biggest

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class-action suit in South African history. The purest of the poor are

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going up against some of the world's was powerful co-producers. In the

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context of this case, class-action is the only realistic option through

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which most mind workers can assess the claims effectively against the

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mining companies. This is the only avenue to give them right up of

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course guaranteed by the Constitution. Thousands of former

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Mineworkers won compensation. They allege they contract with silicosis,

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an incurable lung disease from years of working underground. After

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decades of hard labour, many say they were sent to die, often without

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compensation. I am still very, very happy. Before I left, we prayed so

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that we would wind this. I am sure where they are now they will be

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happy. This is a lesson to the employers of the mines because they

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took us as toys. They didn't take care of us. The 32 mining companies

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accused of failing to protect workers say today's findings do not

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represent the view on the merits of the case brought by claimants. They

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say they are in talks with lawyers representing the Mineworkers with

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the view of seeking out fair unsuitable outcome. This is seen as

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a wind for thousands of workers who helped gold mining companies make

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billions of dollars while they suffered in poverty, but the legal

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battle is far from over because this class-action suit to take up to ten

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years to conclude. Let's catch up on the sport.

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Our sport editor has more background on Fatma

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Lizzie Greenwood Hughes joins us from the BBC Sport Centre.

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We know that she's 54 years old and speaks for damages

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and she spent most of her career working for the United Nations,

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specialising in the development and working a lot in Africa.

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We also know that she has never worked in football.

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It is interesting because this is going to be the number two

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In other news, Gibraltar will become as the 211 member of the world

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football family. Spain has opposed Gibraltar getting membership. Serbia

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also dry to block Kosovo, but Kosovo and Gibraltar can start preparations

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for the new World Cup. Watford will have a new manager next season. The

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case and says the is will be leaving at the end of the season. The

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Spaniard led Watford to Premier League safety and an FA Cup

:21:04.:21:07.

semifinal in his first season in England, but they have only won four

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out of 20 league games and are currently 13th in the table going

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into the final game against Sunderland on Sunday. Yesterday we

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had a meeting with the club to make care resume of the season. After

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that I concluded that me and the club don't have the same view about

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the season. We don't have the necessary conditions to activate to

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renew the contract. My contract finishes in June, then I will leave.

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This is the consequence. Tomorrow, Real Madrid have won the last ten

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games to bring them within a point behind the leaders, Barcelona, going

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into the final games. Barcelona looked set a 24th league title, but

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then Real Madrid put forward this amazing run of results. Zinedine

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Zidane's side can snatch the crying if Real Madrid draw on loose. -- on

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loose. TRANSLATION: the right of every player is to be everything one

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can't defend the shirt you are wearing. Both Grenada and Barcelona

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players will do everything in order to the game. They will want to wind

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at home in front of the fans and we will want to wind the title. I think

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it will be impossible to surpass our level of ambition. There was another

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classic match today between Novak Djokovic on Rafael Nadal at the Rome

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Masters. It was Novak Djokovic came through. Both men had their chances,

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especially Rafael Nadal, but the Serbian went on to wind the advanced

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to the last four for he will play either Dominic Keane or Kei

:23:11.:23:15.

Nishikori. Also through is Andy Murray. He defeated David Goffin in

:23:16.:23:20.

straight sets. The latest from the second round of

:23:21.:23:36.

the players championship. It is a congested leaderboard with the world

:23:37.:23:41.

number one, Jason Day, ahead by two shots from Jonas Blixt. There was a

:23:42.:23:50.

great round of 64 from the world number three, Rory McIlroy, to move

:23:51.:23:54.

him into contention. Harlequins are hoping to wind the fourth European

:23:55.:23:58.

title this evening. They are up against Montpellier in the Challenge

:23:59.:24:02.

Cup final. At the moment and is not going well, Montpellier winning

:24:03.:24:10.

23-9, with around 23 minutes left on the clock.

:24:11.:24:16.

Now to a remote corner of Ireland, where some residents are 'feeling

:24:17.:24:19.

the force.' The filming of the next Star Wars film is rumoured to be

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starting in the country's most northern point -

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So could the wildly successful films mean a boom in tourism

:24:25.:24:28.

Already as far north as you can go on the island of Ireland.

:24:29.:24:38.

Strange visitors from other worlds have been arriving.

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By which I mean the strange world of Hollywood.

:24:50.:24:51.

There have been weeks of preparation near Malin Head but local people

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have been sworn to secrecy about this shoot for

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I can't give too much away because I don't know too much

:24:57.:25:00.

about it and the little bit I do know they've asked me

:25:01.:25:03.

Those agreements have not stop the speculation.

:25:04.:25:12.

Many believe that the rocks along the rugged coastline,

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this could be the Millennium Falcon or at the very least

:25:25.:25:27.

It is the dramatic coastline which is the attraction.

:25:28.:25:30.

And the cameras are due to head back south near to the historic monastic

:25:31.:25:33.

retreat where filming took place the first time.

:25:34.:25:37.

But for the minute, it is the most northerly tip where they are hoping

:25:38.:25:42.

the power of the Force and this blockbuster film franchise

:25:43.:25:44.

If you spot any Star Wars film in, get in touch! That is it, thanks for

:25:45.:25:58.

watching. Over the past couple of weeks we

:25:59.:26:15.

have seen some pre-monsoon thunderstorms across India and

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