14/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK


I'm Alpa Patel, here are the headlines:


A fresh controversy at football's world governing body -


as one of it's top anti-corruption officials resigns.


Domenico Scala says reforms are bing undermined.


The United Nations expresses alarm at the growing links


between Boko Haram and the so-called Islamic State.


Lebanese militant group Hezbollah says Sunni extremists


Let the Eurovision Song Contest begin! CHEERING


And the entertainment extravaganza that is the Grand Final


of the Eurovision Song contest - it's underway in Sweden,


The governing body of world football, FIFA, has been hit


by fresh turmoil after one of its leading anti-corruption


It's in protest at changes - he says will undermine


Domenico Scala said his resignation was a "wake-up call"


FIFA says he has misinterpreted the situation.


Domenico Scala was one of those tasked with rescuing football's


world governing body after the biggest


But his resignation has simply plunged it into fresh turmoil.


Scala claims new powers could mean those responsible for the ethics


of the organisation may be appointed and fired


by the Fifa council themselves, and that's something he claims


So what he's saying is, if he can now be sacked


by this small committee, then actually these people


He is meant to be overseeing their behaviour,


in fact what they're doing is they are neutering his power.


Domenico Scala had been central to the anti-corruption


In November 2014, he was tasked with examining a key report


on corruption in the bidding process for the World Cup.


Within seven months, Fifa President Sepp Blatter


Scala was then appointed to chair the taskforce in charge


Now he is gone, with a claim that all the reforms to the sport's most


powerful organisation are in danger of being destroyed.


An accusation the Fifa Council strongly deny.


It insists that Domenico Scala has misinterpreted the purpose


of the decision and that it fully respects their independence.


For a president only three months into his job,


this is perhaps the last thing that Gianni Infantino needs.


With US prosecutors continuing their investigations


and watching on with interest, this week's congress was hoped


to mark a fresh start, but already the integrity of this


new-look Fifa has been questioned by one of those meant


Mark Palios is the former Chief Executive of the English


Football Association and he joins me now.


What is your take on the resignation and the motives behind it? It is


disappointing, Diva has been mired in corruption scandals for many


years now, and to me it seems it is more of a clumsily handled attempt


to put in pragmatic changes rather than a real concerted effort to


subvert the reform process -- Fifa. The disappointing thing that has to


be answered as a man of Scala's stature, who's been instrumental in


laying out reforms, it has looked good to outsiders can he has decided


to go. You spoke about Scala's stature, he has been an important


figure as far as anti-corruption, where does it leave this effort? I


think they've got the damage and had to explain what they mean by what


their motives were, for putting this change in place. It is interesting


to see that one of the joint chairs of the ethics committee, he has not


taken the stance of Scala and has decided to stay, as has the other


joint chair. I would not be surprised if Fifa come out and say


this is an attempt to be practical and put in interim appointments if


we need to, to wait a year for change in Congress, it is too long


to wait. At the end of the day, they will still go forward with reforms,


I believe that is what they will do. How does it look for the new


president only three months into the job and trying to win back trust


after damaging scandals? I'm surprised, if I'm right, and it is


really more of a clumsily handled situation, they should have


consulted with Scala and made sure he was comfortable with what is


being said, I'm sure there would have been ground capable of being


achieved and compromise, nothing has happened like that, it seemed it was


rushed through in the Mexican Congress, now Scala has gone. Is


disappointing for a man who is supposed to be experience, having


been top of Uefa, the largest Congress. He should be an


experienced guy who should not make mistakes like this. Thank you.


The French President, Francois Hollande, has told a summit


in Nigeria that Boko Haram militants remain a threat despite "impressive"


Speaking at the international gathering in Abuja, he said


the militants had been "diminished and forced to retreat".


The UN Security Council has spoken of its alarm at growing ties


between Boko Haram militants from Nigeria and the so-called


African and Western leaders have gathered for talks


in the Nigerian capital, Abuja.


The aim - create a more co-ordinated regional military


With increased Western assistance, too.


And to do more to help those affected by the conflict.


There is concern about growing links between Boko Haram


and the Islamic State group, or Daesh.


Boko Haram is the world's deadliest terrorist group. France is very


alert and knows very well about their actions in Iraq and Syria.


Boko Haram hit world headlines two years ago when more than 200 girls


But millions of others have lost their homes, been


The Nigerian president, Muhammadu Buhari, promised to defeat


the Islamists before the end of his first year in office.


That year runs out in two weeks' time.


Boko Haram has grown in regional capabilities. They have taken large


territories of sovereign countries, and put into flight millions of


people. It will take far more than a summit


to see them defeated. Reports from Syria say


that IS fighters are attacking a hospital complex in the eastern


city of Deir al-Zour. Activists say that IS has


killed some 20 members of pro-government forces around


the Al Assad Hospital and have taken The group controls half


the city, and has beseiged districts for two


years - trapping some Islamic State is believed to control


more than half the city but the objective is to seize it completely.


The Lebanese Shia movement Hezbollah says


at least three people have been killed at one of Russia's largest


cemeteries. 200 people were said to have been involved in the fighting


Russian news agencies Russian news say -


from the northern Caucasus region and migrants from central Asia


A pioneering Italian fertility doctor has been arrested,


after a woman alleged that he'd forcibly removed eggs


Severino Antinori, who's helped women in their 60s to conceive,


has been placed under house arrest and banned for a year


The complaint is rejected by his lawyers.


Police in Bangladesh say a Buddhist monk in his seventies has been


hacked to death in the south-eastern district of Bandarban.


It's the latest in a spate of murders of religious minorities


and secular activists over the last three years.


Many Bangladeshis have accused the government of not doing enough


Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come:


giant Pfizer takes action to stop its drugs being used


Here in the UK, the two camps in the EU referendum battle


have staged new events to try to rally support.


Prime Minister David Cameron said the country would take an "immediate


and sustained hit" if it decides to leave.


But former London mayor Boris Johnson, who wants to leave,


said the UK could "prosper, thrive and flourish"


it is in our national interest, it is in our economic interest to stay


inside a reformed European union. If we vote to leave, on the 23rd of


June, we will be voting for higher prices, we will be voting for fewer


jobs, lower growth, potentially for a recession. This is your chance to


vote for freedom for this country. Vote for democracy against


bureaucracy, to give our great country the chance to reclaim


democratic control over huge sums of money, over our borders, and over


our lawmaking system. One of Fifa's top anti-corruption


officials resigns saying reforms at football's world governing body


are being undermined. The United Nations has expressed


alarm at the growing links between Boko Haram and the so-called


Islamic State. The pharmaceutical giant


Pfizer has taken steps to stop its products from being used


in lethal injections in America. The US company said its products


were meant to save lives and strongly objects to their use


in carrying out the death penalty. The death penalty is law in more


than 30 states in the US and lethal injections are used regularly


as the means of execution. But the states have been finding it


increasingly difficult to get use of the drugs


they use as American and European pharmaceutical companies ban the use


of their products to carry out death Pfizer is one of the biggest drug


manufacturers in the world and seven of its drugs have


now been used in lethal Pfizer is the second largest global


manufacturer of pharmaceuticals and also makes drugs used in every


execution protocol across the US. So they are putting


in these rigorous controls and that will make a huge


difference to the landscape in terms of lethal injections


that can be carried out. It is concerned about


this that has driven companies to object


to the In 2014, Clayton Lockett


took 43 minutes to die. Other such cases have led to


repeated court cases and delays. The number of executions has been


falling. Since 1976, there have been more


than 1400 death sentences carried The most was in 1999,


when 98 were performed. But last year there


were While the US Supreme Court has


beaten back challenges to the drugs used for a lethal injections,


the states are still finding it Some are now turning


their minds to other forms of execution, such


as gassing and firing squad. Maya Foa joins me in the studio now


- we saw her in that report - she is from the human rights group


Reprieve. You've just got off a plane from the


USA and have been speaking to Pfizer, is it about ethics or


reputation for the company? It is both, Pfizer makes medicines to save


and improve lives, that is absolutely what their mission


statement is. Of course, it is part of their brand, no pharmaceutical


company wants to be associated with death, is the opposite of the PR


they would want. More importantly, the people who go into the


pharmaceutical industry and develop these drugs, there's the Hippocratic


oath which is the bedrock of medicine, they are making medicines


for the service of improving lives of patients. Botched executions that


we have seen using those medicines is an aberration and something no


one wants to be involved in. What happens when a lethal injection is


administered? Let's take the original lethal injection design,


three drugs, the first is an anaesthetic, second a paralytic


agent, the third is potassium chloride, a very potent acidic


chemical. The first is supposed to put you to sleep, but these are not


medical people administering it, sometimes the drugs have come from a


reputable sources, maybe the drugs are problematic. You have a warden


trying to find a vein which is not easy. If they miss it, or if the


prisoner is not anaesthetised properly, they are awake. They are


paralysed, then the administration of the third Reich, the Supreme


Court described it as the chemical equivalent of being burned alive at


the stake, we cannot see if execution has gone wrong. If the


prisoner has remained awake and conscious during the third drug, it


is a very painful acid through the veins, you can see how it can


potentially be torturous and how the design is not in order to make it


the least painful or most humane, it is the most cosmetically palatable.


It is there specifically so we don't see what is really going on so we


cannot see the suffering, but that very element that means we don't see


it is one that means the prisoner can see it the most. Advocates would


say it is more humane than the electric chair or firing squad, what


would you say? I don't know, in terms of lethal injection, there


have been so many botched, I've spoken with doctors, so many say


that they would not pick to be executed by lethal injection. We


occasionally have this debate, it is hard to wake up which is the most


humane but I can say that this myth of a humane lethal injection is that


it is a myth and has to be debunked -- it is hard to way up.


We need to get behind the curtains, so to speak. Thank you.


Time for a round-up of the sport. Saracens have lifted Rugby Union 's


Champions Cup, beating Racing 92 to become the first English club to


conquer Europe in nine years. They beat the parasite 29- -- 21-9, Owen


Farrell kicked seven penalties. Not since Wasps in 2007 has an English


club won the Rugby 's premier competition. Arsenal ladies have


claimed the women's FA Cup beating Chelsea 1-0, a record crowd for this


match at Wembley to see Danielle Carter score a fine individual goal


in the London sunshine. It was the 14th time that the Arsenal ladies


have lifted the trophy. Yarde this is the cup we want to be involved in


and playing on an occasion like this. We were playing in front of


all of these fans, and at Wembley, it is unreal, and experience I


will cherish for the rest of my life.


The race for the title in Spain's La Liga went


down to the final day with Lionel Messi's Barcelona


holding a slender 1 point adantage over Cristiano Ronaldo over Real


And it was Barcelona who sealed a 6th title in the last 8 years.


Uruguay's Luis Suarez took his tally to 40 league goals with a hat-trick


Real Madrid won 2-0 at home to Deportivo with


Lewis Hamilton will be hopeful of picking up his first race win


this season after claiming pole for Sunday's Spanish Grand Prix.


The world champion trails Mercedes team mate Nico Rosberg by 43


He had problems in qualifying for the last two races,


but was back on form in Barcelona claiming pole by more than quarter


Red Bull's newly-appointed 18 year old driver -


Max Verstappen - qualified an impressive fourth.


I am pretty happy. I did not get to compete in the last two qualifying


sessions, I'm very happy and grateful. The car was great.


It was a difficult day yesterday, so to start on the right foot today is


good. Britain's Andy Murray has


reached his second clay court final in a week,


as he took his semi-final against unseeded Frenchman Lucas


Pouille in total comfort 6-1, 6-2. Murray will face either


World Number 1 Novak Djokovic or Japan's Kei Nishikori


in Sunday's final. The Serbian has struggled


with a foot injury though, losing the first set 6-2 -


he did recover to take He currently leads 3-1


in the deciding set. He is still top of the leaderboard


but... Australia's Jason Day has dropped


4 shots in his third round Rory McIlory in his 3rd


round at the Players' Championship. He started the round on 15 and, but


a double bogey at the eighth has contributed to a slip. Rory?McIlroy


is levelled today, after ten holes, eight under overall.


Imagine zooming from Los Angeles to San Francisco in a tube


at supersonic speed in just 30 minutes instead of a six-hour drive.


Well, the Hyperloop project, conceived by Elon Musk,


is aiming to do just that by replacing short-haul air travel


by whooshing people using magnets and pockets of air.


Our North America Technology Reporter Dave Lee has been in Boston


checking out the first version of a pod.


The race to create hyper loop has begun.


week showed how such a pod could get up to speed, so next on this


particular team's agenda is to work out how to slow down again.


Several companies and research teams are


working on realising this vision of a new type


One of them is MIT, the Massachusetts Institute of


The team here has made a scaled-down version of a pod that


may someday carry people along at superhigh speed.


So back here we have the propulsion interface.


This is where the launch vehicle will


push on the pod and accelerate up to 250 miles an hour.


It uses magnets to lift the pod into the


The pod is probably about a third to half scale


of the real sized system, so we cannot


fit a full-sized human, but


in a real system the idea would be to carry multiple people inside.


Imagine you are at the front sat just here.


You are in a pod that is


levitating, you are travelling at hundreds of miles an hour in an


The ride is extremely comfortable because you


are levitating, so you have very little vibration.


I think the goal is to try to keep that acceleration


and deceleration within the same kind of regime that you have on an


Plaudits of hyperloops say these pods could be in public


But doubters say it will never happen, not


because of technology, but because it will be too


The MIT team wants to test out their pod on a real stretch of


She is one of Hollywood's greats, Oscar-winning actress Jodie Foster


has been in the business since she was five, much of it in front of the


camera. Recently she has turned to directing, her fourth feature film


has just premiered in Cannes. Our arts editor has been talking to her.


Had you seen Ron? Just point the camera in my direction. George


Clooney is an edict -- egotistical financial journalist, Julia Roberts


is his long-suffering producer who takes control when this happens.


What do you want me to do? Turn it off! The director, Oscar-winning


actress Jodie Foster, could explore cynicism in the world of finance and


media. Our news journalism has changed a lot with the technology


advent, and with the advent of the Facebook culture. Social media,


where the news is trying to compete with ratings and trying to


entertain. I think it is ready quite dangerous for news. It has lost its


ability to ask the questions? Yes, and I think it is complicit. You are


saying journalism is complicit and therefore corrupt? Corrupted by,


yes, I think if you are trying to entertain, you're going to be


corrupted by the needs of the audience. She also spoke of a


continuing male bias in the film business, particularly she said when


it comes to directing. I think it is like race psychology, a gender


psychology, when you are about to hire... Let's say you are a producer


and you are going to hire a director, you want to find someone


you perceive as the least risky. The least risky scenario. Most often


that someone looks like you. A middle-class, middle-aged white guy?


Yes. Because it is a middle-class, middle-aged white guy handing over


the money? No, sadly, very often, a good percentage of the time, it is


also a lovely Ivy League woman who runs the studio. So, tell me this,


you had two big stars in the movie, George Clooney and Julia Roberts,


did you pay them the same? Firstly, I would never tell you. I wouldn't


tell you how much allowance I got, my mother told me that is not


something you ever do. You know how much they got paid, right? Of


course. Why would you tell me? I would never tell you that, but I


will tell you about the movie. We are talking about the movie, we are


talking about themes in the movie and it is journalists interrogating


their subject properly. You are not helping me here. No, I'm not helping


you. I'm not, you are right. Why? I choose not to. That exchange was


like the movie itself. Tents, interesting, and revealing. But


ultimately a bit disappointing. Will compose, BBC News.


The final for the 61st Eurovision Song Contest -


Europe's biggest pop song contest - is under way in Sweden's


It's got kitsch, international intrigue and an array of eclectic


musical performances from 25 European countries and, oddly,


Australia which is a special entry for the second year.


Steve Holden is from Newsbeat that airs on BBC's pop music


How was it all going? It is going well. You can currently here in the


background the Russian entry, they are the favourite. They have thrown


everything at it this year to win the competition, coming up, later on


committee Ukraine, the second favourites. They have sent a very


political and controversial song. We are 19 songs down, five songs to go,


stick with us and we will have a winner in a couple of hours. Steve


Holden, thank you for being with us and thank you to you for being with


the programme.


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