02/06/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.


Flooding across much of France and Germany


France declares a state of natural disaster in the worst hit areas,


and the world most visited museum, the Louvre is closed.


This is what the heavy rains have done here in this French town. The


river has burst its banks. All the homes on one side of the river -- on


the side of the river have been flooded. The people have been


rescued. The authorities have declared this town to be in a state


of red alert. The German Parliament says the mass


killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks a century ago


was genocide - Turkey withdraws its ambassador in protest -


how will this further strain ties The world's greatest footballer


Lionel Messi tells judges at his trial for tax fraud


that he knew nothing Now imagine this -


taking your baby home from hospital, only to find that it's


the wrong one. We meet the family whose son was


swapped at birth in El Salvador. Western Europe is being pummelled


by appalling weather, with some areas experiencing once


in a hundred year floods. At least nine people have died


and several more are missing, while thousands more


have been displaced. The floods have prompted mass


evacuations in parts French President Francois Hollande


has confirmed some of the worst affected areas in France will be


declared natural disaster zones - opening the door for much


needed relief funding. The town of Nemours,


to the south of Paris had The bodies of at least five people


have been found in the Bavarian town of Simbach am Inn, where


more than 300 schoolchildren Meanwhile Paris's most


celebrated museum, The Louvre, has closed to the public as rising


waters from the Seine threaten Staff have been preparing to move


some of the gallery's There have also been 8,000 rescue


operations over two days between the Belgian border


and the Burgundy region. The floods hit suddenly. This town


in Bavaria was hit. The residents barely had time to react.


TRANSLATION: We had any to -- barely any time to


react. We saved ourselves by going into the attic and waved cloth. My


grandson went onto the roof and the helicopter reacted. Thousands of


homes have lost power. The authorities are trying to account


for everyone. TRANSLATION:


Adenomas, we have people missing in this town.


We cannot give you exact amounts because they are constantly


changing. The town across in France is dealing with similar scenes. This


is what the rain has done in the city of Nemours. The river has burst


its banks and all the homes on the side of the river have been flooded.


The people have been rescued and the authorities have declared this town


in a state of red alert. The centre of Nemours is underwater. The best


way to get from one part to another is by canoe. One group of evacuees


was taken across by truck. And in central Paris, the river Seine has


risen dramatically. The museum the Louvre has taken the decision to


remove artwork from its underground storerooms.


Turkey has recalled its ambassador to Berlin after a vote by Germany's


parliament to declare as genodice the mass killings of Armenians


The row comes at a time when Germany is relying on Turkey to stem


Armenia says more than one million Armenians were murdered


Turkey disputes the figures and rejects the term genocide.


Damien McGuinness reports from Berlin.


It has been a day of commemoration for Armenians


as the parliament in Berlin recognise as genocide the


mass killings of their ancestors a century ago by Ottoman Turks.


is the proof that it will never be forgotten if one commits


Support for the resolution was overwhelming.


Just one vote against and one abstention.


A sign of just how popular the move is with German voters.


It is seen as a human rights issue here but also part of


In 1915, Germany was an ally of the Ottoman Empire and many of the


speeches in Parliament today focused on German


But the German government's move is controversial in Turkey


where the killings are widely seen as part


of the fighting during the


break-up of the Ottoman Empire, not genocide.


TRANSLATION: Nobody other than historians should discuss genocide.


This isn't something you decide in Parliament.


But if they say this is genocide, what they have been inflicting on


the Turks for years would be the biggest genocide.


Even today, there are people committing genocide in Myanmar.


That is the worst kind of genocide, and no one even talks


If you look at what Hitler did in Germany, what


But of course, that would be if we had


Turkey's political leaders are now warning that the issue will


heighten tensions between Germany and Turkey at a particularly


sensitive time when the unique Turkish help to solve


TRANSLATION: I've just had a telephone call


As a result of this, Al, decision is to recall


This is in order to hold some consultation


The resolution made by the German parliament will seriously


affect relationships between our countries.


After I go back to Turkey, we will also evaluate this


issue and we will take necessary steps.


For German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, the timing could


Her allies in Berlin hope that because Turkey also wants to


make the migrant deal work, that this


explosive issue won't get in the way.


I want to make clear in the presence of the Secretary General of Nato


that there is a lot that binds Germany to Turkey.


And even if we have a difference of opinion on an


individual matter, the breadth of our links, our friendship and our


Starting with defence issues and many other issues.


And last but not least, the 3 million Turkish


Germany is home to 3.5 million people with a Turkish immigrant


background, some of whom have been demonstrating against recognising


The worry is that the issue could also create tensions


not just between Berlin and Ankara, but also within


Germany's vote follows similar resolutions in France,


So how is it likely to influence Turkey's relations with Germany


Joining me from Washington is Nelli Babayan.


She is with the German Marshall Fund of the United States.


Thanks for joining us. The timing is extraordinary. Why was it put before


Parliament at this moment, given what else is going on? In terms of


the migrant deal and so on. It was a strong symbolic gesture and it may


serve as an example for other states. Germany has come to terms


with its past and recognise its behaviour and it is part of


reconsideration and progress in international relations. The


resolution does not condemn the Turkish people or the current


government. And this post was originally scheduled for last year


but was put on ice due to Germany's coalition apparently due to worries


about annoying the Turkish generations. Turkey decided to


recall its ambassador but they did the same when France recognise the


genocide and Russia. But history shows they send back the ambassadors


after a few weeks. So do you think this will affect the long-term


relationships between Germany and Turkey, or not? I think the answer


would be that it will not affect the relations. Because of course Germany


and the European Union benefit from the refugee deal but Ankara also


benefits from that deal. It receives additional funding from the European


Union and it may receive Visa free travel and eventual European union


membership. It will not have strained relations with Germany. If


it is rational. But people feel these things on an emotional level.


Obviously, all sides who are involved in this and this is a very


fragile moment, it could not just affect Germany's relations with


Turkey but also the wider EU relations, with the Brexit vote here


in Britain and Turkish freedom of movement throughout the continent,


it is a potent question. And also a reminder of previous trains between


Muslims and Christians. I wouldn't go that far to say this is a drain


between Muslims and Christians. It may slightly strain German- Turkish


relations, but I don't think it will strain relations with the European


Union and the representatives of the EU today said that they will work


with Turkey based on the march agreement of the refugee deal and


this is a symbolic gesture by the German parliament. It does not


condemn neither the Turkish people nor the Turkish government. Thank


you very much. Now a look at some of


the day's other news. A court in India's Gujarat state has


convicted 24 people over The incident at the Gulbarg housing


complex, happened during weeks of the inter-communal riots


in Gujarat, that saw more India's Hindu nationalist Prime


Minister, Narendra Modi, led Gujarat at the time


of the riots. He has denied persistent allegations


that he condoned the violence. In France, rail strikes over


the government's proposed labour reforms have continued


for a third day. Fears of complete transport chaos


eased when air traffic controllers called off a walkout and a subway


strike in Paris France is hosting the Euro 2016


football championship later this month where millions of fans


are expected to attend matches. A study has found a strong link


between a man's waist size and his chances


of developing prostate cancer. Researchers say men are more at risk


if they measure at least 37 inches That's about 94 centimetres -


which is the average in the UK. Football star Lionel Messi has


appeared in court in Barcelona today The Barcelona and Argentina player


is accused of having hidden money from the Spanish authorities


by using tax havens Lionel Messi is accused of having


knowingly avoided paying over $4.5 million in taxes relating to money


earned from his image rights between The money in question was sent


abroad to countries such as Belize and Uruguay,


meaning the Spanish authorities The player appeared in court


alongside his father, Jorge, who has handled his finances


in the past and is also Lionel Messi has already


paid back the money to the Spanish Treasury


as well as a fine. However, he has insisted


he did not realise he was doing something illegal


and it was his father This trial will decide


whether or not the Argentine forward, who recently won


the Spanish league and cup titles with Barcelona,


consciously broke the law If found guilty, the five-time world


Player of the Year could face a 22-month prison sentence


although he would not be expected to serve it, given that it


would be a first offence. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel


says Britain will have a better deal if it can wield power,


and influence, from within the European Union,


rather than from outside. Speaking at a press conference


in Berlin, she said it was obviously up to the people of Britain


to decide whether to remain But she pointed out that London


needed to be at the negotiating table, helping to make the rules,


if it wanted to get the full TRANSLATION: I believe that


when we sit together within the European Union,


all the different national states, the UK and all the others,


can input what is important to them So it is much easier to negotiate


with them than from without. Staying with the EU referendum,


a group of more than 140 prominent Europeans have signed


what they describe as a "love letter" to the British people to try


and persuade them to vote to remain part of


the European Union. The signatories include scientists,


sports stars, actors, They said it certainly isn't a


manifesto Oriole look lecture -- or a lecture. They are calling it a


love letter. Signatories include football manager Arsene Wenger,


actress Isabella Rossellini, and a member of the pop group ABBA. They


say they respect the right of the British people to decide whether to


stay or leave the EU, but they stressed they are bonded to the UK


not just by treaties but by admiration and affection. Will


Britain decide to cut its ties with the European Union? You'll just have


to wait until 24th of June to find out.


Our political correspondent Rob Watson joins me now.


Who is on this list and is anyone going to pay any attention to them?


I'm not going to saying. Let me deal with Angela Merkel while we're doing


with European interventions. One wondered if she was going to


interfere, and does this indicate a certain nervousness in Berlin? But


onto the letter, I never thought I would use this word "Sweet" in the


context of the European referendum but this does seem a rather sweet


letter. One of the signatories is Raymonde blog, -- Raymond blanc, who


started his first restaurant near where I'm sitting now. I will say


one thing about the intervention from Europe and the letter. I


suspect that this letter reminds people that the debate isn't just


about immigration and economic, there is an element of the human


bond but I suspect that it reaches out to people who have already made


up their minds to stay. I suppose it may have some effect on the fringes.


But for those who have really made up their minds the other way, to


leave, they are more worried about the hundred and 50,000 net migration


from Europe than the 150 people who have written the letter. It is


interesting who is also on board, the RSPB got on board, saying that


they felt nature benefited by Britain staying in the EU. They


remain camped -- the Remain campaign have had a big push on immigration


this week. The two campaigns, they have focused on their core messages.


The Leave campaign has focused rain much on immigration -- has focused


very much on immigration. And as you would imagine, those championing the


cause of stay keep going on about the economic, saying come on, it


would be absolutely crazy to leave the single market. And I think you


will hear more and more of that and a bit less of the love letter 's and


the RSPB and any other animals in the three weeks to come. Expect lots


and lots on immigration and lots and lots on the economy and not much


singing. And the BBC asking Boris Johnson, who is spearheading the


Leave campaign, that he seems to be setting out an alternative set of


ideas and policies, lots of people saying obviously if David Cameron


loses this vote, he is out and borrowers could be the next British


Prime Minister. A lot hinges -- and Boris Johnson could be the next


British Prime Minister. In lot hinges on this boat. Yes, you could


say that David Cameron is treading a fine line between triumph if he wins


this referendum as well as the one on Scotland, as well as disaster.


Britain Mace is a big choice, we have faced a choice like this since


1975, the last referendum. But alongside that is this huge


political turmoil that could follow a vote to leave or possibly a vote


to stay. So it is not just about Europe, it is about domestic


politics and an enormous amount of stake there. That is why everybody


is trying to stay -- everybody is getting heated, we will try to stay


calm! A British father and his wife


who were given the wrong baby by a hospital in El Salvador have


finally been allowed to return home Richard Cushworth,


who lives in America, and his Salvadoran wife Mercy,


had DNA tests carried out to prove the child they were given


last May wasn't theirs. Now, a year later they've finally


got a birth certificate It was only when they landed


in Dallas that it sank in. A year after their son had been


taken from them, nine months after they had been reunited,


they were finally back home We are overwhelmed,


we are happy, we feel safe. She had given birth in her native


El Salvador to this child but he was taken to the hospital


nursery and the next day the wrong The child did not look like them


and four months later she took It was impossible


that that was your son? Impossible.


0.0%. And how did you feel at


that moment? The thought that the baby I had been


nursing, taking care of, loving him, bathing him,


that he was not mine. Then I had another thought


which came with it - He was in El Salvador


with another family. The children were


switched back last year. It has taken the Cushworths


since then to get Moses' birth Taking nine months to get paperwork


for this child has been probably the most painful part


of the entire process. It has forced our families to be


separated for nine months. It has almost bankrupted us


financially. They still want answers as to why


the babies were swapped US media is reporting that tests


show the singer Prince died The 57-year-old was found


dead in April at his The day before his death Prince had


sought help from a specialist doctor The official autopsy and toxicology


results are yet to be made public. A dagger buried alongside the mummy


of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun was made with iron that came


from a meteorite, The weapon was one of a pair


of daggers discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter in 1925,


but the origin of its unrusted iron blade has baffled scientists,


because such metalwork Dr Joyce Tyldesley is


an expert in Egyptology Thanks very much for joining us. How


do they know that this was from a meteorite? By testing the content of


the iron, we can see it is very rich in nickel. I'm from meteorites is


rich in nickel so that shows it is from a meteorite rather than from


terrestrial iron. There is terrestrial iron in Egypt, but at


this point it was not being used at all. And how significant is this


finding? It is interesting, because we have always wondered about this


dagger. There are other iron objects in Tutankhamen's two, and they are


not very well made and very small. This is beautiful and very well


made. If it had not been made in Egypt, it could have been made by


people outside Egypt and sent to him as a gift or even to his


grandfather. We know from diplomatic correspondent at the time that his


grandfather was sent a beautiful dagger. There is a lot of mystery


around the death of Jews in common. I have visited the extraordinary


sight -- of Tutankhamen. I have visited the extraordinary Cyril


site. And as -- the extraordinary sight where he is buried. They were


from iron from the sky and they believed it was some sort of message


from the gods. They also believed in the Egyptian history at some point


that the bones of the gods were made from metal so maybe this metal was


connected to a God, maybe the got Seth. It would have been very


precious material and also a religious material and also


practical because it was a cutting-edge. To have these so close


to Tutankhamen, in sizes bandaging, maybe it is there because it is an


heirloom and very valuable, but also it could be because it was very


valuable -- used in his mummification. Thank you very much.


The final design for a plastic ?5 note has been unveiled


It features Britain's war-time Prime Minister Winston Churchill,


and will go into circulation in September.


For the first time, the notes will be made of plastic,


The Bank says the plastic banknotes will be cleaner and more durable,


and harder to counterfeit than the current paper notes.


It does admit that they may initially be prone


I wonder if we will be talking about that for as long as Tutankhamen's


dagger. We have a lot more in the next 30 minutes. We will be going to


the United States. Hillary Clinton,


the Democratic Party's frontrunner for the presidential nomination,


is about to make what's been billed as a major speech on foreign policy


at a rally in San Diego, We'll be bringing you that live


on BBC World, so stay with us. Hello, as has been the case


so often in recent days,


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