02/06/2016 World News Today


02/06/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:00.:00:00.

Flooding across much of France and Germany

:00:00.:00:09.

France declares a state of natural disaster in the worst hit areas,

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and the world most visited museum, the Louvre is closed.

:00:17.:00:23.

This is what the heavy rains have done here in this French town. The

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river has burst its banks. All the homes on one side of the river -- on

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the side of the river have been flooded. The people have been

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rescued. The authorities have declared this town to be in a state

:00:42.:00:43.

of red alert. The German Parliament says the mass

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killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks a century ago

:00:45.:00:47.

was genocide - Turkey withdraws its ambassador in protest -

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how will this further strain ties The world's greatest footballer

:00:50.:00:56.

Lionel Messi tells judges at his trial for tax fraud

:00:57.:01:01.

that he knew nothing Now imagine this -

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taking your baby home from hospital, only to find that it's

:01:05.:01:08.

the wrong one. We meet the family whose son was

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swapped at birth in El Salvador. Western Europe is being pummelled

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by appalling weather, with some areas experiencing once

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in a hundred year floods. At least nine people have died

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and several more are missing, while thousands more

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have been displaced. The floods have prompted mass

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evacuations in parts French President Francois Hollande

:01:46.:01:47.

has confirmed some of the worst affected areas in France will be

:01:48.:01:50.

declared natural disaster zones - opening the door for much

:01:51.:01:53.

needed relief funding. The town of Nemours,

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to the south of Paris had The bodies of at least five people

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have been found in the Bavarian town of Simbach am Inn, where

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more than 300 schoolchildren Meanwhile Paris's most

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celebrated museum, The Louvre, has closed to the public as rising

:02:08.:02:10.

waters from the Seine threaten Staff have been preparing to move

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some of the gallery's There have also been 8,000 rescue

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operations over two days between the Belgian border

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and the Burgundy region. The floods hit suddenly. This town

:02:26.:02:46.

in Bavaria was hit. The residents barely had time to react.

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TRANSLATION: We had any to -- barely any time to

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react. We saved ourselves by going into the attic and waved cloth. My

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grandson went onto the roof and the helicopter reacted. Thousands of

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homes have lost power. The authorities are trying to account

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for everyone. TRANSLATION:

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Adenomas, we have people missing in this town.

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We cannot give you exact amounts because they are constantly

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changing. The town across in France is dealing with similar scenes. This

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is what the rain has done in the city of Nemours. The river has burst

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its banks and all the homes on the side of the river have been flooded.

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The people have been rescued and the authorities have declared this town

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in a state of red alert. The centre of Nemours is underwater. The best

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way to get from one part to another is by canoe. One group of evacuees

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was taken across by truck. And in central Paris, the river Seine has

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risen dramatically. The museum the Louvre has taken the decision to

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remove artwork from its underground storerooms.

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Turkey has recalled its ambassador to Berlin after a vote by Germany's

:04:15.:04:17.

parliament to declare as genodice the mass killings of Armenians

:04:18.:04:19.

The row comes at a time when Germany is relying on Turkey to stem

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Armenia says more than one million Armenians were murdered

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Turkey disputes the figures and rejects the term genocide.

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Damien McGuinness reports from Berlin.

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It has been a day of commemoration for Armenians

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as the parliament in Berlin recognise as genocide the

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mass killings of their ancestors a century ago by Ottoman Turks.

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is the proof that it will never be forgotten if one commits

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Support for the resolution was overwhelming.

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Just one vote against and one abstention.

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A sign of just how popular the move is with German voters.

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It is seen as a human rights issue here but also part of

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In 1915, Germany was an ally of the Ottoman Empire and many of the

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speeches in Parliament today focused on German

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But the German government's move is controversial in Turkey

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where the killings are widely seen as part

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of the fighting during the

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break-up of the Ottoman Empire, not genocide.

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TRANSLATION: Nobody other than historians should discuss genocide.

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This isn't something you decide in Parliament.

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But if they say this is genocide, what they have been inflicting on

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the Turks for years would be the biggest genocide.

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Even today, there are people committing genocide in Myanmar.

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That is the worst kind of genocide, and no one even talks

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If you look at what Hitler did in Germany, what

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But of course, that would be if we had

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Turkey's political leaders are now warning that the issue will

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heighten tensions between Germany and Turkey at a particularly

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sensitive time when the unique Turkish help to solve

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TRANSLATION: I've just had a telephone call

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As a result of this, Al, decision is to recall

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This is in order to hold some consultation

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The resolution made by the German parliament will seriously

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affect relationships between our countries.

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After I go back to Turkey, we will also evaluate this

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issue and we will take necessary steps.

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For German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, the timing could

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Her allies in Berlin hope that because Turkey also wants to

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make the migrant deal work, that this

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explosive issue won't get in the way.

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I want to make clear in the presence of the Secretary General of Nato

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that there is a lot that binds Germany to Turkey.

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And even if we have a difference of opinion on an

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individual matter, the breadth of our links, our friendship and our

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Starting with defence issues and many other issues.

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And last but not least, the 3 million Turkish

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Germany is home to 3.5 million people with a Turkish immigrant

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background, some of whom have been demonstrating against recognising

:07:52.:07:53.

The worry is that the issue could also create tensions

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not just between Berlin and Ankara, but also within

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Germany's vote follows similar resolutions in France,

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So how is it likely to influence Turkey's relations with Germany

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Joining me from Washington is Nelli Babayan.

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She is with the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

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Thanks for joining us. The timing is extraordinary. Why was it put before

:08:23.:08:28.

Parliament at this moment, given what else is going on? In terms of

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the migrant deal and so on. It was a strong symbolic gesture and it may

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serve as an example for other states. Germany has come to terms

:08:40.:08:45.

with its past and recognise its behaviour and it is part of

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reconsideration and progress in international relations. The

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resolution does not condemn the Turkish people or the current

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government. And this post was originally scheduled for last year

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but was put on ice due to Germany's coalition apparently due to worries

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about annoying the Turkish generations. Turkey decided to

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recall its ambassador but they did the same when France recognise the

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genocide and Russia. But history shows they send back the ambassadors

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after a few weeks. So do you think this will affect the long-term

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relationships between Germany and Turkey, or not? I think the answer

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would be that it will not affect the relations. Because of course Germany

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and the European Union benefit from the refugee deal but Ankara also

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benefits from that deal. It receives additional funding from the European

:09:56.:10:00.

Union and it may receive Visa free travel and eventual European union

:10:01.:10:07.

membership. It will not have strained relations with Germany. If

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it is rational. But people feel these things on an emotional level.

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Obviously, all sides who are involved in this and this is a very

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fragile moment, it could not just affect Germany's relations with

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Turkey but also the wider EU relations, with the Brexit vote here

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in Britain and Turkish freedom of movement throughout the continent,

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it is a potent question. And also a reminder of previous trains between

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Muslims and Christians. I wouldn't go that far to say this is a drain

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between Muslims and Christians. It may slightly strain German- Turkish

:10:47.:10:53.

relations, but I don't think it will strain relations with the European

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Union and the representatives of the EU today said that they will work

:10:57.:11:01.

with Turkey based on the march agreement of the refugee deal and

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this is a symbolic gesture by the German parliament. It does not

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condemn neither the Turkish people nor the Turkish government. Thank

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you very much. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. A court in India's Gujarat state has

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convicted 24 people over The incident at the Gulbarg housing

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complex, happened during weeks of the inter-communal riots

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in Gujarat, that saw more India's Hindu nationalist Prime

:11:27.:11:28.

Minister, Narendra Modi, led Gujarat at the time

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of the riots. He has denied persistent allegations

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that he condoned the violence. In France, rail strikes over

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the government's proposed labour reforms have continued

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for a third day. Fears of complete transport chaos

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eased when air traffic controllers called off a walkout and a subway

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strike in Paris France is hosting the Euro 2016

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football championship later this month where millions of fans

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are expected to attend matches. A study has found a strong link

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between a man's waist size and his chances

:11:58.:12:00.

of developing prostate cancer. Researchers say men are more at risk

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if they measure at least 37 inches That's about 94 centimetres -

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which is the average in the UK. Football star Lionel Messi has

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appeared in court in Barcelona today The Barcelona and Argentina player

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is accused of having hidden money from the Spanish authorities

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by using tax havens Lionel Messi is accused of having

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knowingly avoided paying over $4.5 million in taxes relating to money

:12:24.:12:34.

earned from his image rights between The money in question was sent

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abroad to countries such as Belize and Uruguay,

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meaning the Spanish authorities The player appeared in court

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alongside his father, Jorge, who has handled his finances

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in the past and is also Lionel Messi has already

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paid back the money to the Spanish Treasury

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as well as a fine. However, he has insisted

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he did not realise he was doing something illegal

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and it was his father This trial will decide

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whether or not the Argentine forward, who recently won

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the Spanish league and cup titles with Barcelona,

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consciously broke the law If found guilty, the five-time world

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Player of the Year could face a 22-month prison sentence

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although he would not be expected to serve it, given that it

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would be a first offence. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel

:13:38.:13:40.

says Britain will have a better deal if it can wield power,

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and influence, from within the European Union,

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rather than from outside. Speaking at a press conference

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in Berlin, she said it was obviously up to the people of Britain

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to decide whether to remain But she pointed out that London

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needed to be at the negotiating table, helping to make the rules,

:13:57.:14:01.

if it wanted to get the full TRANSLATION: I believe that

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when we sit together within the European Union,

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all the different national states, the UK and all the others,

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can input what is important to them So it is much easier to negotiate

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with them than from without. Staying with the EU referendum,

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a group of more than 140 prominent Europeans have signed

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what they describe as a "love letter" to the British people to try

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and persuade them to vote to remain part of

:14:39.:14:41.

the European Union. The signatories include scientists,

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sports stars, actors, They said it certainly isn't a

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manifesto Oriole look lecture -- or a lecture. They are calling it a

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love letter. Signatories include football manager Arsene Wenger,

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actress Isabella Rossellini, and a member of the pop group ABBA. They

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say they respect the right of the British people to decide whether to

:15:17.:15:20.

stay or leave the EU, but they stressed they are bonded to the UK

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not just by treaties but by admiration and affection. Will

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Britain decide to cut its ties with the European Union? You'll just have

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to wait until 24th of June to find out.

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Our political correspondent Rob Watson joins me now.

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Who is on this list and is anyone going to pay any attention to them?

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I'm not going to saying. Let me deal with Angela Merkel while we're doing

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with European interventions. One wondered if she was going to

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interfere, and does this indicate a certain nervousness in Berlin? But

:16:11.:16:14.

onto the letter, I never thought I would use this word "Sweet" in the

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context of the European referendum but this does seem a rather sweet

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letter. One of the signatories is Raymonde blog, -- Raymond blanc, who

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started his first restaurant near where I'm sitting now. I will say

:16:32.:16:35.

one thing about the intervention from Europe and the letter. I

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suspect that this letter reminds people that the debate isn't just

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about immigration and economic, there is an element of the human

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bond but I suspect that it reaches out to people who have already made

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up their minds to stay. I suppose it may have some effect on the fringes.

:16:53.:16:56.

But for those who have really made up their minds the other way, to

:16:57.:17:00.

leave, they are more worried about the hundred and 50,000 net migration

:17:01.:17:09.

from Europe than the 150 people who have written the letter. It is

:17:10.:17:14.

interesting who is also on board, the RSPB got on board, saying that

:17:15.:17:21.

they felt nature benefited by Britain staying in the EU. They

:17:22.:17:29.

remain camped -- the Remain campaign have had a big push on immigration

:17:30.:17:35.

this week. The two campaigns, they have focused on their core messages.

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The Leave campaign has focused rain much on immigration -- has focused

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very much on immigration. And as you would imagine, those championing the

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cause of stay keep going on about the economic, saying come on, it

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would be absolutely crazy to leave the single market. And I think you

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will hear more and more of that and a bit less of the love letter 's and

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the RSPB and any other animals in the three weeks to come. Expect lots

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and lots on immigration and lots and lots on the economy and not much

:18:14.:18:20.

singing. And the BBC asking Boris Johnson, who is spearheading the

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Leave campaign, that he seems to be setting out an alternative set of

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ideas and policies, lots of people saying obviously if David Cameron

:18:30.:18:32.

loses this vote, he is out and borrowers could be the next British

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Prime Minister. A lot hinges -- and Boris Johnson could be the next

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British Prime Minister. In lot hinges on this boat. Yes, you could

:18:42.:18:48.

say that David Cameron is treading a fine line between triumph if he wins

:18:49.:18:52.

this referendum as well as the one on Scotland, as well as disaster.

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Britain Mace is a big choice, we have faced a choice like this since

:18:58.:19:03.

1975, the last referendum. But alongside that is this huge

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political turmoil that could follow a vote to leave or possibly a vote

:19:08.:19:12.

to stay. So it is not just about Europe, it is about domestic

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politics and an enormous amount of stake there. That is why everybody

:19:19.:19:24.

is trying to stay -- everybody is getting heated, we will try to stay

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calm! A British father and his wife

:19:26.:19:28.

who were given the wrong baby by a hospital in El Salvador have

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finally been allowed to return home Richard Cushworth,

:19:32.:19:34.

who lives in America, and his Salvadoran wife Mercy,

:19:35.:19:39.

had DNA tests carried out to prove the child they were given

:19:40.:19:42.

last May wasn't theirs. Now, a year later they've finally

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got a birth certificate It was only when they landed

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in Dallas that it sank in. A year after their son had been

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taken from them, nine months after they had been reunited,

:19:54.:19:56.

they were finally back home We are overwhelmed,

:19:57.:20:00.

we are happy, we feel safe. She had given birth in her native

:20:01.:20:07.

El Salvador to this child but he was taken to the hospital

:20:08.:20:11.

nursery and the next day the wrong The child did not look like them

:20:12.:20:15.

and four months later she took It was impossible

:20:16.:20:22.

that that was your son? Impossible.

:20:23.:20:32.

0.0%. And how did you feel at

:20:33.:20:34.

that moment? The thought that the baby I had been

:20:35.:20:36.

nursing, taking care of, loving him, bathing him,

:20:37.:20:47.

that he was not mine. Then I had another thought

:20:48.:20:54.

which came with it - He was in El Salvador

:20:55.:20:59.

with another family. The children were

:21:00.:21:04.

switched back last year. It has taken the Cushworths

:21:05.:21:07.

since then to get Moses' birth Taking nine months to get paperwork

:21:08.:21:10.

for this child has been probably the most painful part

:21:11.:21:16.

of the entire process. It has forced our families to be

:21:17.:21:19.

separated for nine months. It has almost bankrupted us

:21:20.:21:24.

financially. They still want answers as to why

:21:25.:21:28.

the babies were swapped US media is reporting that tests

:21:29.:21:34.

show the singer Prince died The 57-year-old was found

:21:35.:21:52.

dead in April at his The day before his death Prince had

:21:53.:21:57.

sought help from a specialist doctor The official autopsy and toxicology

:21:58.:22:02.

results are yet to be made public. A dagger buried alongside the mummy

:22:03.:22:11.

of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun was made with iron that came

:22:12.:22:15.

from a meteorite, The weapon was one of a pair

:22:16.:22:17.

of daggers discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter in 1925,

:22:18.:22:25.

but the origin of its unrusted iron blade has baffled scientists,

:22:26.:22:28.

because such metalwork Dr Joyce Tyldesley is

:22:29.:22:31.

an expert in Egyptology Thanks very much for joining us. How

:22:32.:22:46.

do they know that this was from a meteorite? By testing the content of

:22:47.:22:53.

the iron, we can see it is very rich in nickel. I'm from meteorites is

:22:54.:22:57.

rich in nickel so that shows it is from a meteorite rather than from

:22:58.:23:02.

terrestrial iron. There is terrestrial iron in Egypt, but at

:23:03.:23:06.

this point it was not being used at all. And how significant is this

:23:07.:23:11.

finding? It is interesting, because we have always wondered about this

:23:12.:23:15.

dagger. There are other iron objects in Tutankhamen's two, and they are

:23:16.:23:22.

not very well made and very small. This is beautiful and very well

:23:23.:23:29.

made. If it had not been made in Egypt, it could have been made by

:23:30.:23:34.

people outside Egypt and sent to him as a gift or even to his

:23:35.:23:38.

grandfather. We know from diplomatic correspondent at the time that his

:23:39.:23:41.

grandfather was sent a beautiful dagger. There is a lot of mystery

:23:42.:23:47.

around the death of Jews in common. I have visited the extraordinary

:23:48.:23:57.

sight -- of Tutankhamen. I have visited the extraordinary Cyril

:23:58.:24:08.

site. And as -- the extraordinary sight where he is buried. They were

:24:09.:24:15.

from iron from the sky and they believed it was some sort of message

:24:16.:24:19.

from the gods. They also believed in the Egyptian history at some point

:24:20.:24:22.

that the bones of the gods were made from metal so maybe this metal was

:24:23.:24:28.

connected to a God, maybe the got Seth. It would have been very

:24:29.:24:34.

precious material and also a religious material and also

:24:35.:24:36.

practical because it was a cutting-edge. To have these so close

:24:37.:24:41.

to Tutankhamen, in sizes bandaging, maybe it is there because it is an

:24:42.:24:46.

heirloom and very valuable, but also it could be because it was very

:24:47.:24:54.

valuable -- used in his mummification. Thank you very much.

:24:55.:24:59.

The final design for a plastic ?5 note has been unveiled

:25:00.:25:02.

It features Britain's war-time Prime Minister Winston Churchill,

:25:03.:25:05.

and will go into circulation in September.

:25:06.:25:07.

For the first time, the notes will be made of plastic,

:25:08.:25:10.

The Bank says the plastic banknotes will be cleaner and more durable,

:25:11.:25:15.

and harder to counterfeit than the current paper notes.

:25:16.:25:18.

It does admit that they may initially be prone

:25:19.:25:20.

I wonder if we will be talking about that for as long as Tutankhamen's

:25:21.:25:40.

dagger. We have a lot more in the next 30 minutes. We will be going to

:25:41.:25:41.

the United States. Hillary Clinton,

:25:42.:25:43.

the Democratic Party's frontrunner for the presidential nomination,

:25:44.:25:44.

is about to make what's been billed as a major speech on foreign policy

:25:45.:25:47.

at a rally in San Diego, We'll be bringing you that live

:25:48.:25:50.

on BBC World, so stay with us. Hello, as has been the case

:25:51.:26:02.

so often in recent days,

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