06/06/2016 World News Today


06/06/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

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Was a terror attack, timed to coincide with the Euro 2016

:00:00.:00:09.

football tournament, foiled by Ukraine?

:00:10.:00:13.

Secret service agents there release pictures of the arrest

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of a man who they claim is an ultra-nationalist intent

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on targeting bridges, motorways, a mosque and a synagogue.

:00:20.:00:26.

The scientists on the brink of a medical revolution -

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Medicine's big breakthrough - or ethically questionable?

:00:30.:00:31.

Scientists begin the process, of trying to grow human

:00:32.:00:33.

Deadly storms lash Australia's east coast -

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12 metre high waves batter Sydney's beaches, leaving some

:00:38.:00:39.

houses at risk of falling into the sea.

:00:40.:00:42.

Why street artist Banksy left a present on the wall

:00:43.:00:46.

Did Ukraine intelligence officers thwart a major terrorist attack

:00:47.:01:12.

on France timed to coincide with the Euro 2016

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They say they caught a far right French national with a huge cache

:01:15.:01:18.

of weapons including machine guns, grenade launchers, and TNT.

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His targets, they claim, included a mosque, bridges,

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The 25-year-old man was arrested last month on the border

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between Ukraine and Poland at the Yahodyn crossing.

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From the Ukrainian capital Kiev, Tom Burridge reports.

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Caught in a Ukrainian sting operation, these pictures have no

:01:39.:01:42.

sound but officials here say they show a Frenchman

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planning several terror attacks during the Euro

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Here he is filmed stashing a box of rocket-propelled

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Watch here as he appears to use a blanket to wrap up

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Then two rocket-propelled grenade launchers go into a sack

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Ukraine's security service told us the man had earmarked 15

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targets in Western Europe, including a synagogue, a mosque,

:02:17.:02:18.

But as the Frenchman tries to cross the border from Ukraine into Poland

:02:19.:02:26.

and into the European Union, Ukrainian police swoop.

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The man is arrested and a full arsenal of weapons in the van.

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In total, five machine guns, 6000 bullets, and these small

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The man who was arrested has not been named but he has been described

:02:39.:02:51.

as a nationalist who was apparently unhappy

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about high levels of immigration in France.

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TRANSLATION: We learnt a French citizen arrived Ukraine claiming

:03:01.:03:02.

He made contact with members of the Armed Forces,

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promising to deliver equipment, but during this process

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he indicated his interest in purchasing weapons,

:03:09.:03:09.

explosives, and other things of destruction.

:03:10.:03:15.

There are questions tonight about how easy it is to buy

:03:16.:03:18.

machine guns and explosives here in the Ukraine.

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But the country's security service is claiming a massive coup,

:03:22.:03:23.

saying it has prevented mass murder just days before Euro 2016

:03:24.:03:26.

Security will be tight throughout the tournament.

:03:27.:03:36.

Today England were among the teams arriving in France ahead

:03:37.:03:38.

Many of the details about the operation by police

:03:39.:03:45.

The authorities in France say their investigation

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is about arms trafficking and not terrorism.

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Let's get more on the French reaction.

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Our correspondent James Reynolds is in Paris.

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The French authorities will be worried by what has happened, though

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be reassured Ukraine was tracking this suspect for some time and the

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French authorities here say they are as prepared as they can be for the

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start of the year rose. They will deploy 19,000 offices across the

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country, police officers, soldiers and security agents they need to

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guard 51 matches to be played by 24 countries in ten different stadiums

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across the country and here in Paris they have 10,000 officers deployed

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and maybe reinforcements of 3000. There is one point the Paris prefect

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of police talked about, the fan zones in certain cities, when there

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are matches and people cannot get into the stadium, they gather in

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official areas to watch the match on big screens. There was a potential

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concern about the security in those areas where the French prefect of

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police say they are as prepared as they can be.

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Joining me from our Oxford studio is Professor Anthony Glees

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who is the director of the Centre for Security and

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Intelligence Studies at the University of Buckingham.

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A lot of questions about the target potentially but is the real concern

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the EEC with which arms can be trafficked around Europe? There have

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been real concerns about the ease with which Kalashnikovs and similar

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weapons, including rocket launchers and the sorts of stuff we have seen

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here, large quantities of ammunition, TNT, yes, there have

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been concerns and it is right there should be concerns. This person was

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either transported -- transporting these weapons to others which is

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possible or, bearing in mind he was said to be an extreme right wing

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nutter, possibly wanting to use them himself. We do not know that he was

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specifically targeting Euro 2016. However, the heightened security

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that Euro 2016 is demanding from everybody would mean that if you

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wanted to attack sites other than the Euro 2016 football matches, now

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would be your chance. It's just shows what a dangerous position we

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are in in Europe at the moment. Yes, you can pick out these weapons and

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yes, it has to stop and yes, it does appear to have been stopped this

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evening by Ukrainian intelligence authorities. He was picked up last

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month. The source of a lot of these arms was the former Yugoslavia, is

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now more originating from Ukraine and the divided part of Ukraine?

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Well, you will always get arms and ammunition in areas of conflict and

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there is a lot of conflict in Ukraine. These arms and weapons will

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circulate in those areas where intelligence and security

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communities find it hard to penetrate. So, if you wanted to buy

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arms, this is where you would go. Until recently, it has been very

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easy, if you have got arms in your car, you could take them across the

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borderless parts of the European Union. There is no doubt in my mind

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that corporation within Europe, particularly intelligence

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Corporation is the way to stop anything bad from happening. Is that

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improving after the Paris attacks in November? I think it is improving,

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it is improving the hard way. They saw from Paris and Belgium that arms

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were being taken from one end of Europe to another, abusing the

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Schengen agreement. Britain is not part of Schengen so it is not affect

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us but it does affect people in France, that is the problem. This

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does not appear to have been an Islamist attack, absolutely not. On

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the other hand, we know Islamists have gone for both the stadium in

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Paris and there are many instances of Islamist attacks throughout

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France and these football matches are being played throughout France.

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No, corporation, working together, sharing intelligence is the key to

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nipping these things in the bud. This does appear to have been nipped

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in the bud but the other thing that is critical is that fans need to be

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very cautious, they need to understand the risks they are taking

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where they congregate in large numbers because there are killers

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out there and those killers will try to go for these trophies, embarrass

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the French state and kill as many as they can. Intelligence sharing will

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stop it. Thank you very much indeed. Leading scientists say

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advances in genetics and biology are heralding

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a revolution in medicine. A technique known as gene editing

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enables researchers to alter Geneticists say it could enable

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human organs to be grown in pigs so they could be used

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in transplants, and it could lead to new treatments,

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even cures for many diseases. It's helped one man in California

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who suffering from HIV to live without medication

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for the last two years. Our medical correspondent Fergus

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Walsh has this exclusive report. Could pigs solve the organ

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transplant shortage? That's the aim of

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research in California. These sows are pregnant with part

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pig, part human offspring. The pig embryos had their DNA edited

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using a technique known as crisper, then human cells were injected

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which scientists hope will allow a human, not

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pig pancreas, to grow. Just one example of this

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powerful technology. Inside each cell in our body

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is our genome, billions of pieces It's the blueprint or

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instruction manual for life. A single error or spelling mistake

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in that DNA can trigger disease. There are thousands of genetic

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disorders and many more conditions Crisper gene editing enables

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scientists to scan the entire genome and using molecular scissors to cut

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both strands of DNA and delete, In San Francisco, the world's first

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trials have already happened using an earlier form

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of gene editing. Matt is one of around 80 HIV

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patients whose immune cells have been DNA edited to try to make them

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resistant to the virus. Since the trial, he's stopped taking

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any antiretroviral drugs. My viral load is pretty good,

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pretty well controlled. That's kind of the point

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of the study to see how well you can naturally control HIV

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after you get the treatment. How long have you been

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off your meds? It's too early to talk about cures

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after such a small trial, but the biochemist who

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co-discovered crisper, a new rapid form of gene editing

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says medicine will be transformed. Just thinking about the opportunity

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to cure a genetic disease, not treat it, not you know,

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just give palliative treatment, but really provide a cure,

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in the future, is so exciting. People say that this is going to be

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the century of biology. I think there's a lot

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of truth to that. But when scientists can alter DNA

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at will, society will have to decide what limits should be placed on such

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a powerful technology. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. The presidential election in Peru

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is still too close to call. The former World Bank executive,

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Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Miss Fujimori is the daughter

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of the former President Alberto Fujimori -

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who's currently in prison A passenger train in Belgium has

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collided with a freight train killing three people

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and injuring nine. The collision occurred late

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on Sunday when the fast-moving passenger train slammed

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into the back of a slow freight train which was

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travelling on the same track. It happened near Leige,

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in the east of the country. The Iraqi government has been urged

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to investigate allegations that civilians detained during the battle

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for Falluja have been The BBC has obtained footage of men

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who had apparently just been released -

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they describe being beaten, denied food and water,

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and held in a shipping container. This isn't the first time

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allegations like this have been made. This is something that

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allegedly happened before and there were accusations to the Shia groups

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fighting there that they are committing some acts are

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unacceptable acts against the Sunnis. This is the heart of the

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problem. Because one side of the Iraqi conflict is sectarian, on the

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political and on the military level as well and this was one of the big

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question marks to answer in case we launch an operation to take back

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Falluja and the whole of Mosul later on. What would be the main challenge

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is sending troops of Shia majority, well-trained, equipped and supported

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by Iranian advisers to fight in an area where a majority of the Sunnis

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of Iraqi living. Three people have been killed

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and more are missing in Australia as storms and heavy rain continue

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to batter parts of the The states of New South Wales

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and Victoria have already faced With the focus now on the island

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state of Tasmania, where some areas are reporting record

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levels of flooding. Our correspondent Jon

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Donnison sent this report. Australia's eastern seaboard

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has taken a battering. These multi-million dollar homes

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north of Sydney now evacuated The storm brought winds of over 100

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kilometres an hour and huge waves. All the more destructive

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as they struck when the tide But we knew it was going to be bad

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last night when the king We shut the club at six o'clock last

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night because it was devastating. Today, many were left picking up

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the pieces after what scientists We have had two large tides last

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night and on Saturday night and they have brought the water

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level up unusually high. We had two metre king tides

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and with the waves and the wind, the water level came up

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another 20 centimetres. A high sea level and then on top

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of that, we had waves peaking at 13 But it was the rain that caused

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the bulk of the damage with widespread flooding leaving

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several people dead. Some areas of New South Wales

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reported almost half a metre Further south, in Canberra,

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a man died as he was A search was undertaken and a short

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time later police and emergency services, Fire and Rescue Service to

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do what we believe to be a body stuck in raging floodwaters on an

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island in a river. Over the weekend, power was down

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in tens of thousands of homes But it didn't stop some

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from enjoying the wild weather. Images of one swimmer,

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dubbed foam man, went viral as he was engulfed in thick,

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white foam as he took to the water off Queensland's Gold Coast,

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but the danger not yet over. The storm tracked south over

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the State of Tasmania. There is already severe flooding

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across much of the island and many We saw one man enjoying the water

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and foam. Well, the storms are bad news

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for many - but it does provide These surfers made the most

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of the huge swell off Sydney, braving waves up

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to five metres high. They were taking part

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in a competition in Botany Bay - with some faring a little

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better than others. The competition was eventually

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postponed with organisers deciding A US prosecutor has announced

:17:45.:17:46.

that he will not press charges against the mother of a 3 year

:17:47.:17:57.

old boy who fell into Officials at the

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Cincinnati Zoo shot dead The family welcomed the decision

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and issued a statement saying it was one more step towards putting

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the "tragic episode" behind them. The prosecutor said there was no

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charge of reckless endangerment. And turned her back, you know,

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I have gotten dozens if not hundreds And if anyone doesn't believe

:18:20.:18:24.

a three-year-old can scamper off very quickly they have

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never had kids. 100,000 people signed a petition

:18:30.:18:45.

asking for the authorities to look into prosecuting the mother after

:18:46.:18:46.

the killing dead of the gorilla. Women are almost twice as likely

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to experience anxiety as men, according to new research

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at Cambridge University The study found that it affects four

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in 100 people and disproportionately Researchers also discovered that

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people from Western Europe and North America suffer

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from anxiety more than people Olivia Remes from the university's

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department of Public Health and Primary Care and is the author

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of the report. She joins us now from

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our Cambridge studio. Have you reached any conclusions as

:19:19.:19:27.

to why women suffer more than men? Women can be more prone to

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experiencing anxiety because of differences in brain chemistry and

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hormone fluctuations but there could be other reasons accounting for this

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as well. Women are more prone to stress in general than men and

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distress can lead to the development of anxiety. Also, women and men when

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faced with stressful life situations are more likely to use different

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coping factors or different ways of coping so women will ruminate more

:19:52.:19:54.

about negative things that happened on the life and this can increase

:19:55.:19:57.

anxiety whereas when men are faced with the same stressors, they tend

:19:58.:20:20.

to use more problem focused coding approaches. Why are younger people

:20:21.:20:22.

are more affected by anxiety than other age groups? It could be the

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anxiety instruments we are using to measure this anxiety might not be

:20:25.:20:27.

capturing the anxiety that is experienced in older people, anxiety

:20:28.:20:29.

in older people might be offered form. You are talking about the

:20:30.:20:31.

anxiety instruments, is it chemical, is that your conclusion and is this

:20:32.:20:34.

a form of depression which is then treated as other forms of depression

:20:35.:20:40.

are as well with medication? Anxiety is different from depression,

:20:41.:20:43.

anxiety focused around fear and hyper arousal or as depression

:20:44.:20:50.

focuses on sadness, low mood on losing interest in things. There are

:20:51.:20:54.

differences. Anxiety can be treatable, we do not know what

:20:55.:20:58.

causes it. There is beset looking into that and we need more research

:20:59.:21:02.

to find out what is causing it but there is treatment available in the

:21:03.:21:06.

terms of medication and psychological therapies like CBT.

:21:07.:21:12.

You say more prevalent in Western Europe and North America, are these

:21:13.:21:15.

first world problems, people in other cultures have much more to be

:21:16.:21:20.

anxious about but get on with it. Actually a lot of the studies that

:21:21.:21:28.

were included in the review was done in western cultures and Europe so

:21:29.:21:32.

there are fewer studies done in these non-Western contexts so that

:21:33.:21:37.

is why we have less information on anxiety in non-Western cultures so

:21:38.:21:41.

need more research. But also these instruments we are using to measure

:21:42.:21:45.

anxiety were largely developed on Western populations so it might be

:21:46.:21:50.

when we apply these instruments to measure anxiety in non-Western

:21:51.:21:53.

cultures, it might not be capturing this cultural presentations. What

:21:54.:21:59.

you mean by instruments, what instruments? Questionnaires we use

:22:00.:22:05.

to assess if someone has an anxiety disorder and the criteria -- the

:22:06.:22:11.

criteria we use... These are not medical documents from practitioners

:22:12.:22:18.

or professionals? Medical practitioners and researchers use a

:22:19.:22:22.

common set of criteria to diagnose anxiety disorders and these criteria

:22:23.:22:26.

were developed on a Western population but it could be anxiety

:22:27.:22:30.

is manifested differently in other cultures and we are using these

:22:31.:22:33.

questionnaires and criteria, it might not capture the way anxiety is

:22:34.:22:38.

expressed in East Asia, for example. We are out of time. Thank you.

:22:39.:22:46.

Chelsea's former doctor has refused to settle. The lady in the blue coat

:22:47.:23:00.

is bringing another action against Jose Mourinho for victimisation and

:23:01.:23:01.

discrimination, she alleges. Children at a school in the English

:23:02.:23:07.

city of Bristol have returned from their half term

:23:08.:23:12.

holidays - to find - this. It's a present from

:23:13.:23:14.

the graffiti artist Banksy. Our correspondent

:23:15.:23:18.

Jon Kay can explain Not a typical lunchtime. A 14 foot

:23:19.:23:32.

bank the original in the playground. He's not in over half term. It was

:23:33.:23:37.

seven-year-old Charlie who wrote a bank seeks to tell him that pupils

:23:38.:23:40.

had made a house after the Bristol born artist.

:23:41.:23:44.

What did you think when you came into school this morning

:23:45.:23:46.

100 million per cent yes, really shocked.

:23:47.:23:52.

What's your message to Banksy for doing this for the school?

:23:53.:23:55.

The care taker found this letter stuck to a gutter pipe

:23:56.:24:02.

Inside, a letter from Banksy in which he says,

:24:03.:24:08.

Remember, it's always easier to get forgiveness than permission.

:24:09.:24:18.

Teachers at Bridge Farm Primary would normally be warning children

:24:19.:24:22.

against trespass and vandalism, but they say this art work

:24:23.:24:25.

is inspirational and Banksy was, kind of, invited.

:24:26.:24:30.

But the school doesn't intend to sell.

:24:31.:24:37.

A child with a burning tyre, it's not necessarily what you'd

:24:38.:24:39.

You have to interpret art how you interpret art.

:24:40.:24:44.

The sybolism in it is for other people to work out.

:24:45.:24:53.

The man who found it was less impressed when he opened up this

:24:54.:25:00.

morning. Normally would clean off graffiti. I was a bit annoyed when I

:25:01.:25:04.

saw that on the wall thinking that must come off but then there was

:25:05.:25:07.

banks in the corner, let's get on the phone to the headmaster. Now the

:25:08.:25:14.

school intends to cover the present with protective plastic to stop it

:25:15.:25:18.

being ruined by other graffiti artists. Oh, the irony! Everyone

:25:19.:25:27.

gets naming their houses after banks the!

:25:28.:25:29.

The Ukrainian authorities say a Frenchman, arrested last month

:25:30.:25:32.

with a large cache of arms, was planning a series of attacks

:25:33.:25:35.

during the European Football Championship in France.

:25:36.:25:39.

Ukraine's state intelligence agency said the man was driven

:25:40.:25:42.

by ultra-nationalist views, with bridges, motorways,

:25:43.:25:43.

a mosque and a synagogue among his potential targets.

:25:44.:25:50.

Massive storms have been battering the East coast of Australia. From

:25:51.:25:56.

me, and a team in London, good night.

:25:57.:26:03.

Lovely end to the day for many of you.

:26:04.:26:06.

A warm day as well, 27 degrees across western areas but a few

:26:07.:26:09.

storms to take us into the night particularly across Northern

:26:10.:26:11.

We will, with a south-easterly drift, see one or two

:26:12.:26:16.

in from the near continent to start the morning,

:26:17.:26:19.

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