19/06/2016 World News Today


19/06/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

Fears of a humanitarian disaster in Iraq -

:00:08.:00:16.

as tens of thousands of people flee Falluja.

:00:17.:00:27.

Turkish police use tear gas and rubber bullets in Istanbul -

:00:28.:00:29.

as gay activists defy a ban and march through Istanbul.

:00:30.:00:32.

Church leaders in Britain pay tribute to the politician Jo Cox -

:00:33.:00:35.

Meanwhile, campaigning resumes ahead of the EU referendum.

:00:36.:00:39.

A four-year project to unlock the closed world at the bottom

:00:40.:00:43.

underground for a festival in an Icelandic volcano.

:00:44.:01:13.

Government forces in Iraq may have claimed victory in Fallujah

:01:14.:01:15.

but they now face a battle of a different kind.

:01:16.:01:18.

Aid agencies say a humanitarian disaster is unfolding -

:01:19.:01:21.

with refugee camps like this one buckling under the pressure.

:01:22.:01:25.

The UN says 80,000 people have fled over four weeks of intense fighting

:01:26.:01:30.

between the government and the so-called Islamic State.

:01:31.:01:33.

Inside the city, people are trapped without food and water.

:01:34.:01:37.

With more, here's Our Middle East Editor Alan Johnston

:01:38.:01:43.

The Iraqi army has been driving forward hard.

:01:44.:01:50.

In a major offensive, it has thrust into

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Islamic State fighters used to own these streets.

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Now, they belong to the government's forces.

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They have pushed the militants back, seized most of the city.

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But the army's fight is far from over.

:02:07.:02:12.

IS is holding out in some neighbourhoods.

:02:13.:02:17.

And as the soldiers come at them in street after street,

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they are hitting back - sending out suicide

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One report said 20 soldiers died in clashes near a hospital

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And all around on this battle ground, there is the wreckage

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Reminders of ordinary lives ruined by the war.

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The people who raised families and went to work in the streets

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Tens of thousands of Falluja's people have come to camps

:02:45.:02:51.

like this, where there is not enough of anything -

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But even this is better than what these children endured

:02:56.:03:07.

back in Falluja under Islamic State rule.

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TRANSLATION: The IS militia promised us food,

:03:12.:03:13.

We wanted to flee, but they hemmed us in.

:03:14.:03:19.

There was no gas, and the schools were closed.

:03:20.:03:21.

What there was were rockets, air force jets and tanks.

:03:22.:03:24.

Now the aid agencies must care for this mass of people.

:03:25.:03:28.

And that is posing a major challenge in this desperate, desolate place.

:03:29.:03:33.

Right now as we speak there are thousands without any

:03:34.:03:37.

They have slept overnight out in the open.

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They are now stranded out there in a sandstorm under

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the sweltering sun without any protection.

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And the question of latrines, toilets, sanitation.

:03:54.:03:55.

If we don't get those in order in the next hours,

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Just an hour's drive from the misery of the refugee camps,

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In Baghdad, they have been celebrating what they see

:04:08.:04:14.

But the feeling among these people in the capital is that,

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very slowly and very painfully, the war against the

:04:21.:04:23.

Well, in neighbouring Turkey police in Istanbul have fired rubber

:04:24.:04:33.

It's after gay, lesbian and transgender activists

:04:34.:04:40.

defied a ban and marched through the city's streets.

:04:41.:04:43.

The authorities said the rally would NOT allowed

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But organisers said the ban is a 'flagrant violation

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of the constitution and law' and marched anyway.

:04:50.:04:52.

Defy authority in today's Turkey, and this is what happens. Police

:04:53.:05:08.

firing tear gas and rubber bullets against those daring to march for

:05:09.:05:13.

gay rights. Today was meant to be the Trans Pride, but it, along with

:05:14.:05:18.

next week's Gay Pride was prohibited by the Government. Those refusing to

:05:19.:05:25.

accept the ban were attacked. The scuffles begun when an anti-Pride

:05:26.:05:28.

protester destroyed one of the banners. The government said it had

:05:29.:05:32.

to cancel the rallies because of threats from nationalists groups but

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protesters say that's caving into pressure. Gay Pride marches have

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been held in Istanbul since 2003. But last year, for the first time,

:05:50.:05:55.

it was broken up, allegedly for disturbing the Muslim festival of

:05:56.:05:58.

Ramadan. Although it is always held in the same period. Critics say it

:05:59.:06:03.

is another sign that democracy in Turkey is being squeezed and human

:06:04.:06:08.

rights violated. Last night more tear gas against those protesting

:06:09.:06:13.

about an attack on music fans by Muslim groups, another sign of

:06:14.:06:22.

Turkey's secularisation. Social tensions in an unhappy country, once

:06:23.:06:24.

again, reaching boiling point. Landslides and flash flooding have

:06:25.:06:28.

killed at least 24 people Days of torrential rain left

:06:29.:06:36.

thousands of homes buried under mud. Such heavy rain is common

:06:37.:06:41.

on the group of islands where millions of people live

:06:42.:06:44.

in areas close to rivers. Firefighters in southern California

:06:45.:06:47.

are struggling to control a blaze which has forced hundreds of people

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from their homes. The fire in Santa Barbara County

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burnt through more than three thousand hectares -

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with extreme wind conditions whipping up destructive columns

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of swirling flames. Thousands of people have been

:07:00.:07:04.

protesting on the Japanese island of Okinawa against the presence

:07:05.:07:06.

of US troops and bases. The protesters are angry

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about the alleged rape and murder of a young local woman by a former

:07:11.:07:13.

US marine living on the island. The incident has reawakened

:07:14.:07:18.

widespread opposition to American Here in the UK, campaigning has

:07:19.:07:20.

resumed ahead of next Thursday's referendum on whether to remain

:07:21.:07:34.

in the European Union. Both pro and anti EU forces had

:07:35.:07:36.

suspended their campaign following the killing

:07:37.:07:39.

of the MP Jo Cox. Once again the debate has focused

:07:40.:07:41.

on the key areas of the economy and immigration, with some

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in the Leave campaign wanting to distance themselves

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from the tactics of the UK Our correspondent

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Ben Wright reports. The hurly-burly has returned,

:07:58.:08:01.

the referendum has resumed. On this Fathers' Day,

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here is one father who did not spend You have done a great job,

:08:04.:08:06.

you have put on the Stanley Johnson roused the Remain

:08:07.:08:10.

campaign, Boris rallied Leave campaigners on the

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other side of London. Take back control of

:08:17.:08:18.

huge sums of money. As this bitterly fought referendum

:08:19.:08:30.

enters its final day, immigration has again entered the debate.

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I am the proud descendant of Turkish immigrants.

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Let me stun you by saying I will go further, I am in favour

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of an amnesty for illegal immigrants who have been here for

:08:42.:08:45.

This is a Leave campaign straining not to sound divisive

:08:46.:08:53.

or inflammatory on the issue at the heart of their case

:08:54.:08:55.

They have distanced themselves from this, a poster unveiled by Ukip

:08:56.:09:01.

showing migrants walking to a refugee camp in Slovenia.

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It has drawn criticism from the official Leave campaign.

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I believe the way we secure public support for the benefits that

:09:12.:09:18.

migration brings and for helping refugees in need is if people feel

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they can control the numbers overall coming here.

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This morning, Ukip's leader stood by the poster and objected

:09:25.:09:27.

Michael Gove had better look at his own posters, Abu Hamza,

:09:28.:09:33.

warnings about terrorists and murderers coming into Britain

:09:34.:09:35.

Labour's leader said migration pressure would not disappear

:09:36.:09:41.

if Britain left the EU and was asked if there could be

:09:42.:09:44.

I don't think you could have one while you have free movement

:09:45.:09:52.

of labour, and that means you have to balance the economy,

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so you have to improve living standards and conditions.

:09:56.:09:59.

George Osborne said legitimate concerns about immigration

:10:00.:10:01.

were being felt in every Western country, but this referendum had

:10:02.:10:05.

Rich international investors are taking their money out

:10:06.:10:10.

of Britain, they are delaying investment, the stock market has

:10:11.:10:14.

gone down, sterling has been marked down.

:10:15.:10:20.

The British people cannot take their money out, they will be

:10:21.:10:24.

left with their livelihoods in Britain on Friday if we vote

:10:25.:10:26.

to leave, and they will be the people paying the price.

:10:27.:10:29.

As this Leave rally shows, the campaign will be hard

:10:30.:10:32.

fought until the end, because there is one point both

:10:33.:10:34.

This week's vote is a massive choice, an irreversible

:10:35.:10:41.

After a sombre three-day pause, this referendum campaign

:10:42.:10:49.

is back at full pelt, and soon you will have your say.

:10:50.:10:54.

British MP, Jo Cox, was remembered today with a memorial service

:10:55.:10:56.

in the town of Birstall in West Yorkshire, where

:10:57.:10:58.

Our correspondent Ed Thomas was there.

:10:59.:11:04.

It is four days since this town lost its MP.

:11:05.:11:09.

A husband a wife, two young children a mother.

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A place for people to reflect, on Jo Cox' life

:11:16.:11:20.

She represented love and peace for all the religions,

:11:21.:11:30.

it did not matter what colour or creed you are.

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I hope it brings the community together and that her memory lives

:11:33.:11:38.

on and that what she fought for people continue to fight for.

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Today, she was remembered at St Peter's Anglican Church

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in Birstall, the town she served, the place she called home.

:11:53.:11:58.

Her humanity was powerful and compelling.

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We would do well to recognise her as an amazing example,

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Today, this message from Brendan Cox, her husband.

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Already, a memorial fund in her name has raised more than ?600,000.

:12:32.:12:39.

What is striking here is not just the number of flowers that have been

:12:40.:12:44.

brought down, it is the messages that come with them.

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They are personal, genuine, and they tell the story of how

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Somebody who represented everybody, what Britain was really about,

:12:53.:13:03.

and somebody who could represent what Britain should be about.

:13:04.:13:06.

Tomorrow, Parliament will be recalled, MPs from all sides

:13:07.:13:12.

will come together to speak of a friend and colleague.

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Stay with us on BBC News, still to come:

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Going underground - Is this festival in an Icelandic

:13:32.:13:35.

# Down, down, floating down the river.

:13:36.:14:23.

A day old, the royal baby is sleeping tonight in his could the at

:14:24.:14:31.

home. Earlier today he was taken by his mother and father to the Palace.

:14:32.:14:37.

The real focus of attention was the world's first woman cosmonaut. What

:14:38.:14:41.

do you think of the first woman in space I think it is a wonderful

:14:42.:14:45.

achievement. I might be able to persuade the wife, if I could, to

:14:46.:14:49.

get her to go up there for a little while. This is BBC News world News

:14:50.:14:59.

Today. Here are our main headlines: Aid workers in rye rack have warned

:15:00.:15:05.

that a-up tearian disaster sun following, following a mass exodus

:15:06.:15:08.

of civilians from the city of Falluja. -- --

:15:09.:15:13.

Aid workers in Iraq have warned that a humanitarian disaster is unfolding

:15:14.:15:16.

following a mass exodus of civilians from the city of Falluja.

:15:17.:15:19.

Karl Schkembri from the Noreegian Refugee Counil explained to me

:15:20.:15:21.

the difficulties faced by the displaced people.

:15:22.:15:22.

The thousands who have gone out of Falluja in their droves now are

:15:23.:15:29.

obviously exhausted. They have walked for long hours and they are

:15:30.:15:32.

hungry, they are thirsty. They need shelt and were text and they need

:15:33.:15:37.

medicine and we are lacking a bit of everything. We are running out of

:15:38.:15:42.

safe drinking water, food is running out. There are no tents for many of

:15:43.:15:47.

them. Thousands are staying out in the scorching heat, in the sun,

:15:48.:15:53.

sleeping out in the open in the middle of nowhere and apocalyptic

:15:54.:15:59.

scenarios where sand is unavoidable and I have met handicapped people,

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pregnant women, children, who are totally totally exhausted and it is

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unacceptable that they have just fled from one humanitarian disaster

:16:08.:16:11.

and stepping into another one. You describe a very desperate scene. Why

:16:12.:16:16.

is it that we have this situation, because we knew the government was

:16:17.:16:20.

going to go into Falluja, didn't we? Indeed. We have been warning about

:16:21.:16:29.

the unfolding disaster even before we had this mass exodus of at least

:16:30.:16:33.

30,000 people in just about three days. The problem is that the local

:16:34.:16:39.

authorities, the government and the United Nations need to step in and

:16:40.:16:42.

we need international donors to fund this will emergency. We are running

:16:43.:16:48.

out of funding. Iran has a croppies displacement problem. We have been

:16:49.:16:55.

seeing millions, now - over 3.3 million Iraqis since the beginning

:16:56.:17:02.

of this year and the funding has only covered less than 30%. Now on

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top of all that, we have Falluja and soon we are going to have other

:17:08.:17:12.

places. This is not going to end and we have been to the government and

:17:13.:17:17.

it the international community and to international governments, our

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appeal is you cannot forget the thousands of civilians, after you

:17:23.:17:26.

have just retaken Falluja, you cannot abandon them there in the

:17:27.:17:27.

middle of nowhere. British scientists are leading

:17:28.:17:31.

an international mission to reveal the secrets of the deep Atlantic

:17:32.:17:37.

Ocean. The ATLAS project -

:17:38.:17:43.

which involves teams from around the world -

:17:44.:17:45.

will spend four years exploring unknown ecosystems and measuring

:17:46.:17:47.

the changing ocean currents - as our science correspondent

:17:48.:17:50.

Victoria Gill explains. Half a mile beneath the surface of

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the ocean and teeming with life. But this is far from tropical waters,

:17:58.:18:02.

it's the chilly Atlantic off Britain's North coast. It is just a

:18:03.:18:07.

glimpse of the hidden treasures that a new scientific endeavour is

:18:08.:18:12.

setting out to explore. At ATLAS project is an international

:18:13.:18:15.

four-year mission into the depths of the Atlantic Ocean ATLAS is the

:18:16.:18:22.

biggest project looking at deep Atlantic eco-systems ever

:18:23.:18:26.

undertaken, by working through the plan we have, we will have a better

:18:27.:18:31.

understand of how eco-systems function in the deep ocean and will

:18:32.:18:35.

have a better understanding of them in the feature. This involves 24

:18:36.:18:41.

institutions around the North at loan tivenlingt 25 vessels will go

:18:42.:18:45.

out to explore over a dozen deep sites throughout the ocean. As on

:18:46.:18:49.

island nation our seas seem so familiar. The coast is so much a

:18:50.:18:54.

part of our lives but you only have to go about 100 miles offshore

:18:55.:18:58.

before there are areas that we know very, very little B and there are

:18:59.:19:02.

rich eco-systems out there already being impacted by climate change and

:19:03.:19:06.

that are already being explored by industries like fishing and oil and

:19:07.:19:10.

gas extraction. Pick up the GPS every time it comes to the surface

:19:11.:19:14.

and it'll send the data back to Scotland. As well as working from

:19:15.:19:18.

research vessels, scientists will use remote devices to take

:19:19.:19:22.

continuous measurements of ocean chemistry and currents that affect

:19:23.:19:27.

our climate. These can remain at see for months at a time, gathering

:19:28.:19:30.

information that researchers say is needed urgently Humans are having a

:19:31.:19:36.

large impact on the planet. Until we can make the fundamental

:19:37.:19:38.

measurements to understand how they are sustained and evolving, we have

:19:39.:19:41.

no chance of managing our natural resources. The vast majority of the

:19:42.:19:47.

ocean remains unexplored, undiscovered. This mission aims to

:19:48.:19:53.

address that in the Atlantic, before we exploit eco-systems we don't yet

:19:54.:19:55.

understand. We start at Euro 2016

:19:56.:20:05.

where the final two matches The hosts France are playing

:20:06.:20:12.

Switzerland in Lille. Only France from this group are sure

:20:13.:20:16.

of their place in the knockout stages but the top spot in the Group

:20:17.:20:19.

is still up for grabs. Plenty of chances for France but it

:20:20.:20:24.

is gill goalless there. Romania and Albania are playing

:20:25.:20:31.

in the other game in Lyon, only And an error by the Romanian

:20:32.:20:33.

goalkeeper allowed Albania Nico Rosberg has extended his lead

:20:34.:20:38.

at the top of the Formula One Championship to 24 points over

:20:39.:20:42.

Mercedes team mate Lewis Hamilton after winning the inaugural F1

:20:43.:20:44.

race in Azerbaijan. Rosberg started on pole

:20:45.:20:46.

and led throughout the race to claim his fifth win

:20:47.:20:49.

of the season. Ferrari's Sebastien Vettel

:20:50.:20:51.

finished as runner up with Force India's Sergio Perez back

:20:52.:20:53.

on the podium for the second Defending champion Lewis Hamilton

:20:54.:20:57.

finished fifth. The leaders have begun their final

:20:58.:21:02.

rounds at the US Open in Oakmont. Ireland's Shane Lowry had a four

:21:03.:21:05.

shot lead at 7-under par They teed off just under an hour ago

:21:06.:21:15.

but that lead has been halved. Dustin Johnson, the American

:21:16.:21:18.

searching for his first Major, birdied the second hole. And Lee

:21:19.:21:22.

Westwood has dropped two shots today, he slipped back to level par.

:21:23.:21:25.

The 7th and deciding game of the NBA Finals takes place in Oakland later

:21:26.:21:30.

as the Golden State Warriors host the Cleveland Cavaliers.

:21:31.:21:33.

The Warriors had led 3-1 in the series, it's now 3-all.

:21:34.:21:35.

No side has ever won after being 3-1 down in a series.

:21:36.:21:41.

I came back for a reason, to bring the Championship to the city of

:21:42.:21:50.

Cleveland to the north East Ohio and all Cavalier fans in the world. That

:21:51.:21:54.

has been my goal. I don't want to add too much more pressure on T I

:21:55.:21:59.

will go out and trust what I have been able to do, the work I have put

:22:00.:22:03.

into it and my team-mates have put into it and you go out there and see

:22:04.:22:06.

what happens. I don't feel any extra pressure,

:22:07.:22:09.

which is good. I just understand and want to enjoy the moment because

:22:10.:22:15.

growing up as a baseball fan, you kind of put yourself in so many game

:22:16.:22:21.

to win the finals in several situations, playing with your

:22:22.:22:23.

friends and stuff and this is my first crack at T so excited about

:22:24.:22:30.

it. I understand we have had two sub-par games and we need it make a

:22:31.:22:35.

couple of adjustments but we are capable of doing that. And resilient

:22:36.:22:43.

baseball team that is ready for the opportunity. And that's what I'm

:22:44.:22:46.

confident in. A huge night ahead in the NBA.

:22:47.:22:50.

That's all the sport for now. Back to you. Thank you very much.

:22:51.:22:53.

This weekend has seen the world's first ever

:22:54.:22:55.

live music performance, inside a volcano.

:22:56.:23:00.

It was part of a festival being held in Iceland,

:23:01.:23:02.

and an attempt by organisers to stand out in the crowded

:23:03.:23:05.

Chi Chi Izundu reports from the Thrinnukagigur volcano.

:23:06.:23:14.

Not your average journey to a festival.

:23:15.:23:17.

For this gig there are only two ways to get to the venue.

:23:18.:23:20.

A hike across lava fields with the changeable Icelandic

:23:21.:23:25.

weather or, if you can afford it, a short flight.

:23:26.:23:30.

The price for this exclusivity, ?1,400.

:23:31.:23:40.

The 20 tickets made available sold out in just ten days.

:23:41.:23:44.

This volcano erupted 4,500 years ago, but they only allowed

:23:45.:23:46.

the public to have access five years ago.

:23:47.:23:53.

The journey to get to this part is via this special lift.

:23:54.:23:58.

It would be the same nearly as me scaling Big Ben one

:23:59.:24:03.

# Down, down, down, floating down a river...

:24:04.:24:10.

Over the last decade, the explosion of festivals means

:24:11.:24:14.

Annually, tens of thousands happen across Europe alone.

:24:15.:24:22.

With the summer spent going from one to another, even this

:24:23.:24:25.

When I was asked to do this, my first thought was, when will

:24:26.:24:31.

But with the hefty price tag, was it worth it?

:24:32.:24:51.

Even not knowing what bands were performing, I knew

:24:52.:24:53.

Also to be part of something for the first time obviously merited it.

:24:54.:24:59.

I don't want to leave, I will stay down here!

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Events like this are not cheap to put on either, so it does not

:25:05.:25:07.

The rapid deterioration of the weather meant

:25:08.:25:16.

But the storm did not dampen spirits.

:25:17.:25:31.

Snr a selfie a must on a volcano. The top stories: Aid workers in Iraq

:25:32.:25:38.

have warned of a honourable member tearian disaster in the wake of a

:25:39.:25:42.

mass exodus of civilians from the city of Falluja. Over the past few

:25:43.:25:46.

days, tens of thousands of people have fled, as Government forces

:25:47.:25:50.

drove back fighters from the so-called Islamic State group.

:25:51.:25:51.

That's it from me. Goodbye for now. Good evening. Eastern areas enjoyed

:25:52.:26:16.

the best of the Father's Day sunshine and

:26:17.:26:17.

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