01/07/2016 World News Today


01/07/2016

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The headlines: Bangladeshi police says militants have attacked a cafe

:00:00.:00:12.

in the capital and are holding a number of hostages.

:00:13.:00:16.

Residents say they heard sustained gun fire -

:00:17.:00:18.

police have sealed off an affluent district in Dhaka.

:00:19.:00:27.

Commemorations have been taking place in Britain and northern France

:00:28.:00:30.

to remember the fall of hundreds of thousands of troops

:00:31.:00:32.

The British government has scrapped a pledge to cut the budget surplus

:00:33.:00:49.

by 2020. It said country cannot afford it.

:00:50.:00:52.

These are the lucky ones - Welsh fans gather in Lille ahead

:00:53.:00:54.

of their crucial Euro 2016 match against Belgium but hundreds of less

:00:55.:00:57.

fortunate supporters have been held up on the wrong side of the Channel

:00:58.:01:12.

We start with breaking news and we're hearing of a gun battle

:01:13.:01:16.

in the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka.

:01:17.:01:18.

The head of Bangladesh's elite police force says militants have

:01:19.:01:22.

attacked a cafe in the capital Dhaka and are holding

:01:23.:01:25.

Some reports suggest foreigners are among those being held.

:01:26.:01:29.

The cafe is in the affluent district of Gulshan

:01:30.:01:33.

and is popular with expatriates and middle-class families.

:01:34.:01:37.

Residents said they'd heard sustained gunfire shortly before

:01:38.:01:39.

There's been a spate of murders in Bangladesh recently,

:01:40.:01:47.

which have been blamed on Islamist militant groups, but high-profile

:01:48.:01:50.

Police have sealed off the area and say at least three

:01:51.:01:53.

people have been injured, two of them police officers.

:01:54.:02:01.

Three men have been killed. And we are getting more information and

:02:02.:02:05.

want to go to our correspondent. Akbar Hussain joines

:02:06.:02:08.

me now from Dhaka. This is a serious situation. What do

:02:09.:02:18.

we know? It is a very serious situation here in Dhaka and police

:02:19.:02:24.

say a group of men entered the restaurant at night and took a

:02:25.:02:29.

number of people hostage. When they entered the restaurant, they started

:02:30.:02:35.

firing indiscriminately and police told us that they believed a number

:02:36.:02:40.

of foreigners are being held hostage inside this area. The elite force,

:02:41.:02:47.

the police chief has told the journalist that they are trying to

:02:48.:02:53.

negotiate with the criminals, and they might belong to a hardline

:02:54.:02:58.

Islamist group and the manager of the restaurant and edge to escape

:02:59.:03:03.

and he told the local media that he heard there are at least 20

:03:04.:03:07.

foreigners being kept hostage by the gunman and maybe some of them tried

:03:08.:03:11.

to escape but they could not manage. Release are trying to negotiate with

:03:12.:03:15.

the gunmen to avoid further bloodshed and locals say they could

:03:16.:03:20.

hear sustained gunshots for more than one hour and both police and

:03:21.:03:23.

tourists exchanged hundreds of rounds in that area. A very scary

:03:24.:03:29.

situation. The restaurant is situated in one of the most affluent

:03:30.:03:33.

areas which is also a dramatic career and also, all the foreign

:03:34.:03:38.

ambassadors in Dhaka are located there. It is a very compact area.

:03:39.:03:46.

This is very strange to see, how the attackers managed to get inside the

:03:47.:03:51.

restaurant and hold hostages. Where many foreigners are believed to have

:03:52.:03:55.

been trapped. Tell us more about this area. It is the diplomat --

:03:56.:04:01.

diplomatic quarter. Any indication if any diplomats or ambassadors are

:04:02.:04:05.

being held hostage? This restaurant is a very popular destination for

:04:06.:04:14.

foreigners living in ten three. Basically, European and American

:04:15.:04:16.

citizens frequently visited this restaurant but we have not received

:04:17.:04:20.

any information that they are trapped inside. The information we

:04:21.:04:25.

have, the people who managed to escape say that there are around 20

:04:26.:04:31.

foreigners being held hostage. They are basically European and some from

:04:32.:04:37.

that in America. There are no diplomats trapped. The information

:04:38.:04:43.

so far we're getting is that the militants have taken a very strong

:04:44.:04:50.

hold on the restaurant and were firing towards the police, police

:04:51.:04:53.

tried at one stage to get inside the restaurant but later decided it was

:04:54.:04:57.

better not to go inside and rather it was better to go see it with the

:04:58.:05:01.

terrorists because they need to avoid further bloodshed and many

:05:02.:05:04.

foreigners are trapped inside. Thank you very much for that update. The

:05:05.:05:12.

US State Department is holding its briefing and a spokesman said it was

:05:13.:05:15.

much too early to say who was involved in this attack. Mr Kirby

:05:16.:05:21.

said that he had accounted for all Americans working for the chief of

:05:22.:05:26.

mission authority in Dhaka and the situation was very fluid and live

:05:27.:05:36.

stop. Our South Asia Editor,

:05:37.:05:38.

Jill McGivering, is here with me. months. We still do not know who was

:05:39.:05:47.

behind this but the suggestion is it could be Islamist militants and if

:05:48.:05:52.

they are the kind of people involved in this spate of targeted killings

:05:53.:05:55.

we have been seeing in Bangladesh, that would be unprecedented, that

:05:56.:06:00.

would be a real step up any sort of attacks they have been involved in

:06:01.:06:03.

but you are right, there has been growing concern about the security

:06:04.:06:05.

standard were in Bangladesh throughout the last year with an

:06:06.:06:09.

increasing number of targeted attacks often hitting religious

:06:10.:06:13.

minorities, liberals and some gay activists and nobody is quite sure

:06:14.:06:20.

who is involved. Some suggestion that the Islamic State group says it

:06:21.:06:24.

has been involved but the Bangladesh government has been quick to say

:06:25.:06:27.

they think that these are home-grown groups and they do not accept the

:06:28.:06:31.

idea that this has to do with any international terrorist network. We

:06:32.:06:35.

are looking at pictures coming in from Dhaka, it looks at very fluid

:06:36.:06:40.

situation. No deaths, as we know it yet. Do we know that these are

:06:41.:06:45.

hostages whether these are people just trapped in the building 's? It

:06:46.:06:51.

is very confused. One issue is that police are clearly still trying to

:06:52.:06:54.

get control of the situation. They have sealed off the area but they

:06:55.:06:59.

are outside the building, trying to negotiate with people inside but

:07:00.:07:02.

they have confirmed that people are being held hostage and my colleagues

:07:03.:07:06.

in the language services spoke to a woman who lives nearby and she says

:07:07.:07:12.

she knows two female relatives and two of their friends still inside so

:07:13.:07:17.

clearly this is ongoing and there is a lot of concern for the safety of

:07:18.:07:19.

the people inside. Thank you. Events have been held

:07:20.:07:21.

to mark the centenary of the Battle of the Somme,

:07:22.:07:24.

which started 100 years ago today. It was the bloodiest battle

:07:25.:07:29.

in the history of the British armed forces and came to define

:07:30.:07:32.

the brutality and horror The ceremony was held in the shadow

:07:33.:07:34.

of the famous memorial It bears the names of 72,000 British

:07:35.:07:38.

and South African troops whose The Prince of Wales,

:07:39.:07:44.

David Cameron and President Hollande were among those who took part

:07:45.:07:49.

in the presence of hundreds of descendants of those who fought,

:07:50.:07:52.

as our special correspondent It is the largest First World War

:07:53.:07:54.

memorial anywhere, its scale commensurate with the loss of life

:07:55.:08:03.

in these fields. It is a memorial to

:08:04.:08:07.

the missing of the Somme. The names of 72,000 men with no

:08:08.:08:11.

known graves are carved here. Its plea to posterity, to us,

:08:12.:08:18.

is plain - never forget. Heads of state and government,

:08:19.:08:25.

present and future, listened to Clive Adlam as he read

:08:26.:08:29.

the words of his father, Lieutenant Tom Adlam,

:08:30.:08:32.

who fought and survived. You did a job out there and I never

:08:33.:08:36.

realised that there was There was a job to be done

:08:37.:08:39.

and you just got on and did it. I was more frightened

:08:40.:08:46.

going up to the trenches, I was very frightened then,

:08:47.:08:50.

very frightened indeed. We were taught we had to be

:08:51.:09:00.

an example to our men and that, if we went forward,

:09:01.:09:03.

they would go with you, you see. And you'd sort of lose

:09:04.:09:07.

your sense of fear, The nurse Olive Dent

:09:08.:09:10.

treated the wounded. Here, her words described that first

:09:11.:09:28.

week on the Somme. I am too tired to sleep,

:09:29.:09:33.

too tired to shut out of sight and mind the passionate

:09:34.:09:37.

appeal of two dying eyes and the low faint whisper of,

:09:38.:09:44.

"Sister, am I going to die?" A week after Britain voted

:09:45.:09:55.

to leave the European Union, David Cameron took his place beneath

:09:56.:09:59.

the memorial to the enduring alliance between the UK and France,

:10:00.:10:01.

and described a moment of mutual respect between enemies as a British

:10:02.:10:05.

major risked his life to rescue a wounded soldier

:10:06.:10:10.

from no man's land. He walked as though

:10:11.:10:13.

he was on parade. The Germans never fired a shot

:10:14.:10:18.

at him as he went. They never fired a shot

:10:19.:10:22.

as he went back. And they cheered him as he lifted

:10:23.:10:26.

the man onto his shoulders. The poppy and, in France,

:10:27.:10:37.

the blue cornflower are the emblems of the sorrow of war marked

:10:38.:10:41.

in two minutes of silence. In these moments of remembrance,

:10:42.:10:58.

the dead cry out their warning In the words of the poet

:10:59.:11:00.

Siegfried Sassoon, recited here today, "Do you ever stop

:11:01.:11:06.

and ask, 'Will it all happen again?' Look down and swear

:11:07.:11:10.

by the slain of the war that There's been a significant

:11:11.:11:13.

development here for the UK economy. Chancellor George Osborne has

:11:14.:11:27.

abandoned his key economic target of restoring government finances

:11:28.:11:31.

to a surplus by 2020. It's been one of his long cherished

:11:32.:11:35.

plans but he now says the UK must be realistic in light of the country's

:11:36.:11:39.

vote to leave the EU. Here's our Economics

:11:40.:11:42.

Editor, Kamal Ahmed. We will fix the roof

:11:43.:11:47.

when the sun is shining. We are going to fix the roof when

:11:48.:11:50.

the sun shines. Fixing the roof when

:11:51.:11:54.

the sun is shining. Repairing the public

:11:55.:11:59.

finances while the economy Today, a very different tone,

:12:00.:12:01.

many predict the post-Brexit sunshine will be weaker

:12:02.:12:06.

for the UK economy. It's incredibly important

:12:07.:12:08.

we maintain fiscal credibility, that we are tough on the deficit

:12:09.:12:17.

while being realistic about achieving the surplus

:12:18.:12:21.

by the end of the decade. That is exactly what our fiscal

:12:22.:12:24.

rules provided for. They explicitly acknowledged

:12:25.:12:28.

the impact of a significant The Chancellor insisted he wasn't

:12:29.:12:30.

breaking his own budget rules. The austerity target

:12:31.:12:35.

on cutting public spending It does mean there is now likely

:12:36.:12:38.

to be an easing of the Government's Since 2010, the Government has cut

:12:39.:12:45.

public spending by 10%. The amount the Government borrows

:12:46.:12:52.

has fallen from ?137 billion a year to ?75 billion -

:12:53.:12:56.

that's a lot of cuts and tax rises. Now the Chancellor has suggested

:12:57.:12:59.

ending the Government's central target of balancing the books

:13:00.:13:03.

by 2020, which could mean fewer cuts In some ways I'm pleased,

:13:04.:13:07.

he's acknowledged the reality What we need now is a clear

:13:08.:13:13.

investment programme so we can counter the recessionary trend

:13:14.:13:17.

we have in the economy, but also, we can start investing in the areas

:13:18.:13:20.

that felt left behind and therefore Pain deferred for the country

:13:21.:13:24.

is not pain cancelled. Chancellors have choices

:13:25.:13:30.

about what they do into the future, but it looks like we'll be borrowing

:13:31.:13:34.

quite a lot more in 2020 That will have to be

:13:35.:13:37.

paid down at some point. It may well be that we get more

:13:38.:13:43.

austerity through the 2020s. It may not be just one decade, but

:13:44.:13:46.

a decade-and-a-half of austerity. I think reality bit today

:13:47.:13:51.

for the Chancellor and his officials An economic reality

:13:52.:13:53.

and political reality. Few economists would want to be

:13:54.:13:58.

raising taxes and cutting spending in the teeth of a possible

:13:59.:14:01.

contraction in the economy. And politically, Theresa May,

:14:02.:14:05.

the favourite to be the next Prime Minister, has already said

:14:06.:14:07.

she wants to consign George Osborne's pledges on spending

:14:08.:14:10.

to the waste paper basket. Frankly, George Osborne

:14:11.:14:15.

had nowhere else to go. He's been the hard hat,

:14:16.:14:19.

hi-vis Chancellor, warning of economic shock, but we haven't

:14:20.:14:22.

had any post-referendum economic data yet and the markets have

:14:23.:14:28.

recovered their pre-referendum mojo. Whatever happens, Mr Osborne

:14:29.:14:32.

wants to be prepared Slovakia has now taken over

:14:33.:14:33.

the rotating Presidency of the European Union and confirmed

:14:34.:14:44.

that there will be no negotiations on Brexit before the UK triggers

:14:45.:14:47.

the leaving procedure known Prime Minister Robert Fico said

:14:48.:14:50.

there will not even be informal talks and that all the other 27 EU

:14:51.:15:01.

member states had agreed on how to proceed at their meeting

:15:02.:15:04.

earlier this week. He also stressed that he wanted

:15:05.:15:09.

to make a breakthrough when the EU leaders meet in September

:15:10.:15:12.

after saying he saw immigration as the biggest issue

:15:13.:15:14.

the organisation faces. Austrians are heading back

:15:15.:15:16.

to the polls after the country's highest court annulled the result

:15:17.:15:18.

of the recent presidential election. Independent Green candidate

:15:19.:15:21.

Alexander Van der Bellen won the May The Freedom Party candidate,

:15:22.:15:24.

Norbert Hofer, lost That result was challenged

:15:25.:15:29.

by the far-right Freedom Party, which is known

:15:30.:15:38.

for its anti-immigration views. Today the Constitutional Court

:15:39.:15:40.

ordered another election after finding irregularities

:15:41.:15:41.

in the way postal Freedom Party leader

:15:42.:15:43.

Heinz-Christian Strache has welcomed the news,

:15:44.:15:45.

saying it's a win for democracy. TRANSLATION: I believe

:15:46.:15:54.

that the Constitutional Court's election will hopefully also be

:15:55.:15:56.

a healing shock so that something And so that the electoral law can be

:15:57.:16:00.

optimised and improved. His victory may have been

:16:01.:16:07.

short-lived, but Presidential candidate Alexander Van der Bellen

:16:08.:16:09.

says he's very confident TRANSLATION: Of course I will stand

:16:10.:16:11.

for the repetition of the election, The Constitutional Council

:16:12.:16:24.

decided as it sees fit. And we will once again organise

:16:25.:16:36.

a large citizen movement in Austria It's thought the re-run could be

:16:37.:16:39.

held in September or October. Here's our correspondent,

:16:40.:16:48.

Bethany Bell, from Vienna. The Freedom Party brought in a legal

:16:49.:16:52.

challenge shortly after the result of this election was announced,

:16:53.:16:56.

the election it so narrowly lost to the former Green Party leader

:16:57.:17:01.

Alexander Van der Bellen. And the Constitutional Court has had

:17:02.:17:06.

a number of hearings over the last few weeks where they have heard

:17:07.:17:09.

testimony that there were widespread irregularities when it came

:17:10.:17:12.

to the ways that postal votes Some of them were opened too early

:17:13.:17:14.

and some were opened by people And because of this, the court has

:17:15.:17:22.

ruled that the election They say they did not find

:17:23.:17:32.

evidence of manipulation. What they needed to do

:17:33.:17:35.

was to reintroduce trust In just under an hour's time,

:17:36.:17:37.

Wales will play Belgium in the quarter finals of Euro

:17:38.:17:52.

2016 in Lille. It is their biggest match

:17:53.:17:54.

in almost 60 years. But there might be heartbreak

:17:55.:17:56.

for some Welsh fans caught up Broadcaster and singer

:17:57.:18:01.

Cerys Matthews was among those stuck at the Eurotunnel,

:18:02.:18:04.

and called the situation a shambles in a series of tweets,

:18:05.:18:07.

saying she faced five-hour delays. We have been here

:18:08.:18:12.

personally since 11am. There hasn't been any particular

:18:13.:18:17.

movement that we can see at all, even though we have been

:18:18.:18:21.

promised that there is movement expected and with promises of more

:18:22.:18:25.

trains this afternoon. But it is the afternoon

:18:26.:18:29.

and the clock is ticking. As we could hear, very miserable

:18:30.:18:45.

situation for the fans. She has made it, but what about others? She is

:18:46.:18:49.

over there and has finally made it but she is one of thousands stuck at

:18:50.:18:55.

the Eurotunnel, trying to get onto the Channel Tunnel to make the

:18:56.:19:00.

journey of to Calais and France. Many of them were tweeting about the

:19:01.:19:06.

chaotic situation at the terminals and they were not told there were

:19:07.:19:10.

problems when they set out on the journey. They allow for plenty of

:19:11.:19:14.

time but they were not planning on a one-hour queue just to get into the

:19:15.:19:18.

terminal and after that, a five-hour wait on the terminal. And with the

:19:19.:19:22.

clock ticking ahead of such a very big game, lots of worried faces and

:19:23.:19:27.

people in tears and some begging other passengers who did not need to

:19:28.:19:32.

go to sell their ticket. This is an astonishing moment for Wales. Very

:19:33.:19:36.

depressing for the fans cannot make it. What was the problem? It started

:19:37.:19:42.

yesterday evening. There was a train that broke down in the tunnel,

:19:43.:19:46.

mechanical problems, around 500 passengers evacuated during the

:19:47.:19:51.

night and that took several hours. That has caused knock-on problems

:19:52.:19:53.

through the day because of was going to be a very busy day and Eurotunnel

:19:54.:19:59.

needed full capacity but this train was out of service and others were

:20:00.:20:02.

not in the right position. As a result, it was not until the

:20:03.:20:06.

afternoon that they could run all of the trains they should have been but

:20:07.:20:10.

by that stage, a huge backlog of thousands of people, including Wales

:20:11.:20:11.

fans. Simon Jones, thank you. Let's concentrate on the game,

:20:12.:20:15.

because whilst the Welsh fans might not have made it,

:20:16.:20:18.

John Bennet, our reporter, has. This is a huge moment for Wales.

:20:19.:20:30.

Chris Coleman, the manager, has big ambitions. What are their chances? A

:20:31.:20:36.

very good chance, up against the Belgian side who have a lot of

:20:37.:20:40.

individual stars like Eden Hazard and Lukaku, who are big players in

:20:41.:20:45.

the Premier League. But Wales have proven that they can beat anyone on

:20:46.:20:49.

their day. They have Gareth Bale, the star of Real Madrid and one of

:20:50.:20:53.

the top five best players in the world and he is raising the level of

:20:54.:20:57.

the other players and they have particularly good defence, they have

:20:58.:21:01.

not given away a lot of goals. And they are proving to be very, very

:21:02.:21:05.

tough opponents. The plastic atmosphere here in Lille, but to

:21:06.:21:12.

150,000 Belgian fans have made the trip year, despite the fact that the

:21:13.:21:16.

fan zone only holds 30,000 in the Stadium only holds 55,000 but were

:21:17.:21:22.

only 25 kilometres away from the Belgian border so the Wales fans are

:21:23.:21:26.

a little bit outnumbered, it has to be said! You said the Belgian fans

:21:27.:21:33.

out there, Belgium must be the likely side to win this one is Mike

:21:34.:21:39.

definitely. They are the big favourites going into this, the

:21:40.:21:45.

pressure is on them. Officially, the most expensive squad at this

:21:46.:21:48.

tournament if you can add up all of the transfer fees their players have

:21:49.:21:51.

moved for in the past. Big individual talent coming from

:21:52.:21:56.

Belgium. They are called the Golden generation, the pressure is all on

:21:57.:22:00.

them and that could be the key factor. Wales, whatever happens they

:22:01.:22:05.

will have a heroes welcome. The first time in a major tournament

:22:06.:22:09.

since 1958 and back then they made it to the quarterfinals. That was

:22:10.:22:14.

the World Cup. To be here at the quarterfinals right now is

:22:15.:22:16.

incredible and to have a chance to go through to the last non-Ford

:22:17.:22:20.

teams, that would be something so special for the nation, it would be

:22:21.:22:25.

the biggest moment in Welsh history. Whatever happens, they will go home

:22:26.:22:29.

as heroes but if they win this, they will go home as icons, their names

:22:30.:22:34.

will never be forgotten in Wales. This is a massive moment in Welsh

:22:35.:22:37.

football history. Thank you very much.

:22:38.:22:45.

Researchers say they have found the first clear evidence

:22:46.:22:47.

that the thinning in the ozone layer above Antarctica

:22:48.:22:49.

The gains have been credited to the long-term phasing out

:22:50.:22:52.

Scientists say that in September 2015 the hole was around 4 million

:22:53.:22:56.

square kilometres smaller than it was in the year 2000.

:22:57.:23:00.

That is an area roughly the size of India.

:23:01.:23:02.

Our science correspondent Pallab Ghosh has this report.

:23:03.:23:07.

30 years ago, a team of scientists discovered that

:23:08.:23:10.

ozone, the atmosphere above the Antarctic, was thinning.

:23:11.:23:15.

The layer shields the planet from the Sun's harmful ultraviolet rays.

:23:16.:23:20.

Unchecked, skin cancer rates would increase.

:23:21.:23:23.

And plants and animals would be harmed.

:23:24.:23:27.

It posed one of the greatest environmental threats

:23:28.:23:30.

The ozone was corroded by chemicals used in aerosols and refrigerators.

:23:31.:23:37.

But in a triumph of international cooperation, these chemicals

:23:38.:23:42.

And now the most in-depth study to date has found the clearest

:23:43.:23:50.

evidence yet that the ozone hole, shown in blue, is beginning to heal.

:23:51.:23:53.

Over the past 15 years, it shrunk by 40 million square

:23:54.:23:56.

It probably will not go back to normal until mid-century

:23:57.:24:08.

so we do not expect to see complete recovering until 2050 or 2060 or so,

:24:09.:24:12.

but we are starting to see that in September, the ozone hole is not

:24:13.:24:16.

But experts warn that there is still some way to go before

:24:17.:24:23.

It is important to stress that there is still a big

:24:24.:24:33.

It is early days and it is beginning to show signs of tentative recovery.

:24:34.:24:38.

But worryingly, scientists are finding that illegal CFCs

:24:39.:24:39.

are beginning to find their way back into the system again.

:24:40.:24:45.

So there is certainly no room for complacency.

:24:46.:24:47.

Even so, researchers are pleased that efforts to repair the ozone

:24:48.:24:49.

And now for more on that gun battle at a cafe in the Bangladeshi capital

:24:50.:25:08.

Dhaka. A little while ago the BBC Bangladeshi service spoke to Rashila

:25:09.:25:10.

Rahim who lives in a building next to the cafe where the incident is

:25:11.:25:16.

taking place. TRANSLATION: I heard at around 10pm police shouting

:25:17.:25:20.

through the loudspeaker asking them to come out. They were maybe talking

:25:21.:25:25.

to the terrorists, after that we heard a lot of signed from police

:25:26.:25:29.

operations. When I tried to leave home at 8:30pm by Draper told me

:25:30.:25:33.

something was going on and he said, do not leave, there was firing going

:25:34.:25:39.

on. I heard a loud noise in my living room and the glass shattered.

:25:40.:25:44.

I heard continuous gunshots. My daughter and... That visit from the-

:25:45.:25:55.

bye for now. -- that visit from me. -- that is it.

:25:56.:25:58.

Good evening. The weather has been far from ideal today and if we go

:25:59.:26:11.

back exactly one year ago, the 1st

:26:12.:26:12.

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