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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.
The Headlines: He got what he wanted, now he's off.
Nigel Farage has resigned, saying he's achieved
Nigel Farage took the UK Independence Party from a fringe
movement, to a political force to be reckoned with.
Now he says it's time for someone else to be leader.
During the referendum campaign, I said I want my country back. What I
am saying today as I want my life back.
Top Gear, one of the BBC's most popular programmes, in a spin,
as Chris Evans quits after just six episodes.
After a journey of three billion kilometres, this little spacecraft
is about to get just one shot at successfully entering
And Iraq's bitter legacy, a special report from Fallujahm
a week after so-called Islamic State forces were driven out.
The argument goes back 1400 years but the invasion in 2003 had the
effect of redefining and supercharging it for the 21st
century. The leader of the party that spent
a quarter of a century campaigning for Britain to leave
the European Union has resigned. Nigel Farage, who heads
the UK Independence Party, said his "political ambition
had been achieved". But Mr Farage said he planned to see
out his term as an MEP Our political correspondent
Ben Wright looks at his career and what might happen to the party
next. For two decades, Nigel Farage
had a mission, to lead While Ukip has just one MP
at Westminster, the party's impact Probably one of the most influential
politicians in the post-war era, not just of this century,
because if it wasn't for Nigel Farage and his hard work
and the Ukip activists, we wouldn't have had a referendum
on our membership of the EU. The former city trader was a founder
of Ukip and soon distilled its pitch What people are saying is get
Britain out. In 1999, Farage was elected
to the European Parliament, You have the charisma of a damp
rag and the appearance He wanted Britain to leave,
but the years Ukip could not break through with voters and in 2006
David Cameron memorably mocked them. I mean Ukip, it is just a bunch
of fruit cakes and closet racists. A decade later, Nigel Farage
would have the last laugh. With his love of the drink,
Farage is not like most politicians but the jovial demeanour
disguised serious intent. The seriousness that hardened
after he was injured in a plane crash in 2010,
an experience that spurred him on. Over the next five years
Ukip made huge strides, coming first in the European
elections in 2014. He celebrated in a Westminster
pub of course. Ukip's campaign was cutting through,
not only winning over disillusioned Tories, but many working-class
Labour voters as well. David Cameron promised an EU
referendum, in part to head Today in Essex, where Ukip came
second in the general election, some disappointment
at Nigel Farage's decision. Shocked when you told me,
he seems a nice guy, It up the party from being
a fringe organisation to a mainstream political force
is so very impressive figure. I am glad he is going,
especially the way he treated people in the EU, the way he spoke
to people is disgusting. A divisive rabble-rouser to some,
their hero to others, Ukip without Nigel Farage
will lose some of its colour. Where the party heads next
is a question for his successor. Immigration has of course been one
of the main issues of Brexit. One question now is what will happen
to the 3 million EU Theresa May has said that will be
part of the negotiations and two other Conservative
leadership candidates Liam Fox and Andrea Leadsome, who both
campaigned to Leave, have also It must be respected
and I will respect it. Hear, hear.
APPLAUSE The United Kingdom will leave
the European Union. Freedom of movement will end
and the British Parliament will decide how many people
enter our country each year to live, work and contribute
to our national life. The decision taken
by the British people was both historic and
courageous. There can be no backsliding
on this issue and no question of
a second referendum. It is quite clear that the public
rejected the concept of free movement and that the price of
including such free movement as part of a trade deal would be
regarded as a betrayal We have nothing to fear from a more
free trade environment. Two of the Tory candidates for the
job of Prime Minister. We will be speaking more on the Ukip question
to the party in a few minutes. Chris Evans has stepped down
as presenter of Top Gear saying his best shot
at the programme wasn't good enough. Ratings for the BBC show,
which was relaunched in May after Jeremy Clarkson
was sacked, have been falling. Here's our Media Correspondent,
David Sillito. Welcome to Top Gear with our
all-new, improved audience. When Chris Evans
replaced Jeremy Clarkson as the face of Top Gear,
it was never going to be easy. Jeremy Clarkson had turned the show
into a global success story and then he hit
one of the show's producers. Chris Evans stepped
in alongside former But Chris Evans has
lasted just one series. He has faced a stream
of negative stories in the press
and also allegations about his behaviour
going back to the 1990s. This morning, he said nothing
as he left A few hours later,
he sent this tweet. He said he had given
it his best shot but sometimes,
that's not enough. One Top Gear fan who is also a
former Stig agrees. The shows have got an awful lot better but it was
the key moment in the new show and they did not get the first one
right. Around 9 million did watch the first programme but since then
figures have dipped. Last nights ratings were below 2 million. The
BBC says the show will continue and filming for the new series will
begin in September. Chris Evans will be back on Radio 2 tomorrow.
Three days of national mourning are underway in Iraq. The Islamic State
group says it was as possible for the atrocity which comes just a week
after militants last control of the nearby city of Falluja.
This is Falluja, losing this town so hurt the Islamist, they lashed out
by massacring civilians in Baghdad. Iraq 's perpetual war was caused by
a chain of consequences that leads back to the invasion of 2003. Iraq
since traders, the US and Britain, removed a hated dictator but they
made no real plan to rebuild the country they broke. They improvised
and made matters worse. IS fighters still lie where the dyed in the
streets. Jihadists weren't in Iraq for the invasion and Shia and Sunni
Muslims whose civil war started during the occupation could coexist.
There is a lot of Isis members here. In this 13th year of war, elite
units took the lead, helped by American -- American air strikes.
One pulverise this compound. The bodies of more than a dozen
Jihadists lie rotting in the rubble. Suicide vest. So-called Islamic
State -- it's AmexStadium groat of Al-Qaeda, which are grouped in Iraq
in the chaos following the invasion. When you pull it, it'll blow up.
This is from a grenade. Yes, it blows up all the vehicles with him.
So this was intended for a suicide mission. Yes, exactly. This car bomb
was not used. After defeat in Falluja, IS put a much bigger one in
Baghdad. In a suburban house, IS said at a prison. This is not the
only private jail in Iraq. In a fractured country, arbitrary
imprisonment is a display of power. I S chain prisoners in cages the
size of dog kennels. To get power and keep it, politicians and
warlords in Iraq have exploited sectarian fears. The Jihadists of
Islamic State would not have been able to take such a grip on Iraq
without the sectarian conflict between Shia and Sunni Muslims. The
argument between Shia and Sunni Muslims goes back 1400 years but the
invasion in 2003 had the effect of redefining and supercharging it for
the 21st-century. Around 45,000 people, all Sunni Muslims displaced
by the fighting against Islamic State, are in a camp outside
Falluja. They get water, food and basic shelter from the heat. But new
families are still arriving, Unicef says the lives of one in five Iraqi
children, 3.6 million, are at serious risk because of war. A
bullet hit this girl as they escaped Falluja. They said Shia militias
separated men from women and beat them to days. This four-year-old
hopes her father might join his family again. But a neighbour saw
him beaten to death as other men were shot dead. Many men in the camp
are still injured and all were too frightened to be identified. These
Sunni Muslims blame the invasion for changing the balance of power in the
Middle East. TRANSLATION:
Outside countries entered Iraq and destroyed us. America put us in the
mouth of Iran and other countries and left us.
The camp is on edge. Police tried to control food queues by firing into
the air. Iraqis have also made matters much worse for themselves.
But mistakes made by the United States and Britain 13 years ago
pushed them down the road to catastrophe.
I just want to bring you some breaking news on what we are hearing
from Baghdad. The area around the International Airport in Baghdad is
being shelled, with two dozen projectiles exploding within the
secured Perret. That is according to which this is. One witness living
near the airport says they heard 20 explosions and a security source
said it was a bombardment targeting the airport. It is not yet clear
whether the airport facilities have been hit but reports of several
rockets exploding near the airport at the moment. Not clear whether
rockets or mortar fire are being used in the shelling. We will keep
you updated just as soon as we can. We will move onto the Israeli visit
that begun today. Israel's Benjamin Netanyahu's
begun a four-nation tour of sub-Saharan Africa -
the first visit by an Israeli Prime Minister
to the continent since 1987. The visit's to try and develop
economic and security ties But Mr Netanyahu called it a deeply
moving day for him as he began by marking the anniversary
of the raid in Entebbe, Uganda, in which his brother
Jonathan was killed in 1976. With me is Colin Shindler,
Professor Emeritus in Israeli studies at SOAS and an author
on Israeli history. Can you just first of all tellers
about what happened to Benjamin Netanyahu 's brother, this very
personal link. He was the commander of the Israeli operation to rescue
and release hostages that had been taken off and Air France Airbus
flight from Athens to France. They were taken and there were 250
passengers originally, they were separated into Jews and non-Jews.
The identifiable Jews were put to one side and they even checked those
who had pre-ordered kosher food. There is even a British dimension to
this. There was a Jewish grandmother of 74 who was quite frail and Dylan
hospitalised in Uganda and she was not rescued and she was killed later
by ADR means forces. This visit is of great personal importers to the
Prime Minister but it is more than just that, what is going on
politically? There is a personal aspect of this, his brother who he
looked up to was killed there, but also it builds on the original ties
that Israel had with Africa. In the 1950s, Israel was barred from
joining the nonaligned nations yet they gave much aid to the African
nations, they even condemned apartheid several times during the
1960s. After the 1973 Yom Kippur War, pressure from the Arab states,
economic and indeed political pressure, was put on the emerging
African nations to break diplomatic ties will stop this is what is
effectively now being restored. It is not straightforward. There have
been expressions of support for the politician as Palestinians,
complaints on about African Jewish people who back out of Israel when
they try to live there, so competitions. Yes, this is a wide
delegation. It also contains many businessmen who are opposed to
Benjamin Netanyahu 's policies, and are opposed to the politics of
stagnation. There are so many protests against the deportation of
Africans from Israel. They argued that it was against Jewish tradition
to not welcome refugees. Thank you so much for coming in. My pleasure.
A politician from the governing party in Bangladesh has spoken
of his sorrow and shame after learning that his son
was among the Islamist militants who attacked a cafe in the capital,
Imtiaz Khan told the BBC Bengali Service that his son,
Rohan, left home six months ago and hadn't been in touch since.
The Islamic State group posted his picture on Facebook
on Friday and said it carried out the attack,
in which 20 mostly foreign hostages were killed.
The five dead hostage-takers came from affluent families.
TRANSLATION: I am stunned to learn this, dumbfounded.
My son used to pray five times a day from a young age.
There is a mosque just 25 feet from our home.
He started going to prayers with his grandfather,
There was nothing at all, no books or anything
to indicate he was leaning that way, so we had no inkling.
When I was searching for my son, I found that
Well-educated boys from good educated families,
children of professionals, garment officers...
I used to share my sorrows with them.
We do not know how this has happened.
The only thing I can think about is the Internet.
Maybe it is happening through the Internet.
I don't really know why this is happening.
Some more breaking news, there has been an explosion in the holy city
of Medina in Saudi Arabia. Local media say a suicide
bomber detonated a bomb near the Prophet's Mosque, one
of the most sacred sites in Islam. The incident followed a suicide
attack near a Shia mosque The bomber died in the blast,
but there are no reports Earlier in the day, two
security guards were wounded in a suicide blast near the US
Consulate in Jeddah. Joining me now for the latest
is the BBC's Alan Johnston. Reports are still coming in. What do
we know? As you say, a day of a series of explosions in Saudi Arabia
but by most women go far the most serious one is that in the holy city
of Medina. It is important to say at this stage that we have no
confirmation as to what caused this blast but a number of local outlets
are saying that this was a suicide attack which appeared to target
security forces in the headquarters near the prophets mask, one of the
holiest sites in Islam and whatever the reason for this explosion, there
will be many Muslims around the world who will be decent -- deeply
disturbed of this sort of thing happening in this sort of place in
these last days of Ramadan and that the same time, almost
simultaneously, on the other side of the country, several hundred
commenters away, another blast, this was a suicide bomber. It seemed that
he targeted a mosque used by Shia Muslims. There were no injuries
there other than the death of the bomber in itself. It seemed he
struck at a time when it was the end of than fast and a lotta people were
indoors and so the streets were not fall. Is this a Shia Sunni Muslim
thing going on? At this stage, we have to say we don't know who was
behind this attack but suspicion will certainly fall on the Islamic
State group. This extremist organisation has attacked Shia
Moslem targets repeatedly in the Gulf and in this Qatif region. No
confirmation yet but it would not be surprising if we were to find out
that it was IS again trying to drive a wedge between them in that area of
the Gulf. Politicians around the world, including Hillary Clinton,
have called on some of the Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, to
do more to stop their support, as they see it. What is going on there?
I think the government is fully aware that it needs to front up and
confront the Islamic State group, which clearly has the kingdom in its
sights. We have seen a number of attacks by IS targeting Shia Muslim
groups and targeting the Saudi security forces. There is very much
an ongoing effort to try and uproot IS cells in the kingdom and that
will only surely be stepped up after a day like today. Thank you very
much. Let's return to our stop story,
the resignation of Nigel Farage, the leader of the Uk's Independence
Party who campaigned Joining me now is Peter Whittle
Ukip's Culture spokesman. Thank you very much for joining us.
Why has Nigel Farage gone? Want people feeling your party that he is
leaving and abandoning them just as he has achieved what he wanted but
there is still a lot to do and they got to decide? No, I don't think
anybody begrudges Nigel going in the party. I am sad he has gone because
he is the reason I came into the party. But the fact is, he is a man
who is actually leaving on an absolute high. He is unassailable
really. And there is this saying that all political careers end in
failure, well, this is one example where it has basically ended in
extraordinary success. He came into politics 20 years ago to get a
referendum for Britain to get out of the European Union and he got that
and indeed, also we are now out of the European Union. But want people
say, the 17 million people who voted to leave, they will look at what has
happened and say, hang on, Boris and Nigel Farage have gone. Michael Gove
fatally wound, perhaps by his own hand. Why are these people who
argued for Brexit who have now led to this result now abandoned ship?
He has not abandoned anything. The fact is that Nigel Bildt Ukip up, we
are about the only United party in the United Kingdom at the moment
without question and I think everybody understands that he said
today basically he wanted his country back, now he would quite
like his life back. Has he really gone? He has resigned in the past.
Do you have any idea what he wants to do next? There is a job vacancy
at Top Gear. The fact is that Nigel has worked at a superhuman pace over
the past 20 years, especially the past five - ten years, extraordinary
salmonella, extraordinary workload -- stamina. Often in a atmosphere of
considerable criticism and attacks. That requires a very strong
character and that is exactly the man that he is but I think possibly
he would quite like now to actually go out having actually achieved his
political aim, which was getting us a referendum and indeed basically
getting us out of the European Union. I think that when it comes to
going forward, we as a party have got to make sure that no means no.
That Brexit means Brexit. Thank you very much we are out of time.
But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
There are still no signs of any prolonged