04/07/2016 World News Today


04/07/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:00.:00:07.

The Headlines: He got what he wanted, now he's off.

:00:08.:00:12.

Nigel Farage has resigned, saying he's achieved

:00:13.:00:13.

Nigel Farage took the UK Independence Party from a fringe

:00:14.:00:21.

movement, to a political force to be reckoned with.

:00:22.:00:23.

Now he says it's time for someone else to be leader.

:00:24.:00:31.

During the referendum campaign, I said I want my country back. What I

:00:32.:00:37.

am saying today as I want my life back.

:00:38.:00:39.

Top Gear, one of the BBC's most popular programmes, in a spin,

:00:40.:00:42.

as Chris Evans quits after just six episodes.

:00:43.:00:46.

After a journey of three billion kilometres, this little spacecraft

:00:47.:00:48.

is about to get just one shot at successfully entering

:00:49.:00:50.

And Iraq's bitter legacy, a special report from Fallujahm

:00:51.:00:55.

a week after so-called Islamic State forces were driven out.

:00:56.:01:08.

The argument goes back 1400 years but the invasion in 2003 had the

:01:09.:01:16.

effect of redefining and supercharging it for the 21st

:01:17.:01:17.

century. The leader of the party that spent

:01:18.:01:25.

a quarter of a century campaigning for Britain to leave

:01:26.:01:28.

the European Union has resigned. Nigel Farage, who heads

:01:29.:01:31.

the UK Independence Party, said his "political ambition

:01:32.:01:33.

had been achieved". But Mr Farage said he planned to see

:01:34.:01:36.

out his term as an MEP Our political correspondent

:01:37.:01:39.

Ben Wright looks at his career and what might happen to the party

:01:40.:01:50.

next. For two decades, Nigel Farage

:01:51.:01:58.

had a mission, to lead While Ukip has just one MP

:01:59.:02:07.

at Westminster, the party's impact Probably one of the most influential

:02:08.:02:13.

politicians in the post-war era, not just of this century,

:02:14.:02:20.

because if it wasn't for Nigel Farage and his hard work

:02:21.:02:22.

and the Ukip activists, we wouldn't have had a referendum

:02:23.:02:24.

on our membership of the EU. The former city trader was a founder

:02:25.:02:32.

of Ukip and soon distilled its pitch What people are saying is get

:02:33.:02:35.

Britain out. In 1999, Farage was elected

:02:36.:02:44.

to the European Parliament, You have the charisma of a damp

:02:45.:02:46.

rag and the appearance He wanted Britain to leave,

:02:47.:02:51.

but the years Ukip could not break through with voters and in 2006

:02:52.:02:58.

David Cameron memorably mocked them. I mean Ukip, it is just a bunch

:02:59.:03:04.

of fruit cakes and closet racists. A decade later, Nigel Farage

:03:05.:03:11.

would have the last laugh. With his love of the drink,

:03:12.:03:16.

Farage is not like most politicians but the jovial demeanour

:03:17.:03:19.

disguised serious intent. The seriousness that hardened

:03:20.:03:23.

after he was injured in a plane crash in 2010,

:03:24.:03:26.

an experience that spurred him on. Over the next five years

:03:27.:03:29.

Ukip made huge strides, coming first in the European

:03:30.:03:33.

elections in 2014. He celebrated in a Westminster

:03:34.:03:37.

pub of course. Ukip's campaign was cutting through,

:03:38.:03:41.

not only winning over disillusioned Tories, but many working-class

:03:42.:03:45.

Labour voters as well. David Cameron promised an EU

:03:46.:03:49.

referendum, in part to head Today in Essex, where Ukip came

:03:50.:03:52.

second in the general election, some disappointment

:03:53.:04:02.

at Nigel Farage's decision. Shocked when you told me,

:04:03.:04:06.

he seems a nice guy, It up the party from being

:04:07.:04:08.

a fringe organisation to a mainstream political force

:04:09.:04:14.

is so very impressive figure. I am glad he is going,

:04:15.:04:18.

especially the way he treated people in the EU, the way he spoke

:04:19.:04:21.

to people is disgusting. A divisive rabble-rouser to some,

:04:22.:04:30.

their hero to others, Ukip without Nigel Farage

:04:31.:04:32.

will lose some of its colour. Where the party heads next

:04:33.:04:34.

is a question for his successor. Immigration has of course been one

:04:35.:04:46.

of the main issues of Brexit. One question now is what will happen

:04:47.:04:48.

to the 3 million EU Theresa May has said that will be

:04:49.:04:51.

part of the negotiations and two other Conservative

:04:52.:04:55.

leadership candidates Liam Fox and Andrea Leadsome, who both

:04:56.:04:58.

campaigned to Leave, have also It must be respected

:04:59.:05:00.

and I will respect it. Hear, hear.

:05:01.:05:15.

APPLAUSE The United Kingdom will leave

:05:16.:05:22.

the European Union. Freedom of movement will end

:05:23.:05:26.

and the British Parliament will decide how many people

:05:27.:05:29.

enter our country each year to live, work and contribute

:05:30.:05:31.

to our national life. The decision taken

:05:32.:05:39.

by the British people was both historic and

:05:40.:05:41.

courageous. There can be no backsliding

:05:42.:05:42.

on this issue and no question of

:05:43.:05:44.

a second referendum. It is quite clear that the public

:05:45.:05:46.

rejected the concept of free movement and that the price of

:05:47.:05:49.

including such free movement as part of a trade deal would be

:05:50.:05:51.

regarded as a betrayal We have nothing to fear from a more

:05:52.:05:54.

free trade environment. Two of the Tory candidates for the

:05:55.:06:24.

job of Prime Minister. We will be speaking more on the Ukip question

:06:25.:06:27.

to the party in a few minutes. Chris Evans has stepped down

:06:28.:06:33.

as presenter of Top Gear saying his best shot

:06:34.:06:35.

at the programme wasn't good enough. Ratings for the BBC show,

:06:36.:06:38.

which was relaunched in May after Jeremy Clarkson

:06:39.:06:40.

was sacked, have been falling. Here's our Media Correspondent,

:06:41.:06:42.

David Sillito. Welcome to Top Gear with our

:06:43.:06:51.

all-new, improved audience. When Chris Evans

:06:52.:06:55.

replaced Jeremy Clarkson as the face of Top Gear,

:06:56.:06:57.

it was never going to be easy. Jeremy Clarkson had turned the show

:06:58.:07:00.

into a global success story and then he hit

:07:01.:07:02.

one of the show's producers. Chris Evans stepped

:07:03.:07:05.

in alongside former But Chris Evans has

:07:06.:07:06.

lasted just one series. He has faced a stream

:07:07.:07:16.

of negative stories in the press

:07:17.:07:18.

and also allegations about his behaviour

:07:19.:07:20.

going back to the 1990s. This morning, he said nothing

:07:21.:07:24.

as he left A few hours later,

:07:25.:07:26.

he sent this tweet. He said he had given

:07:27.:07:36.

it his best shot but sometimes,

:07:37.:07:38.

that's not enough. One Top Gear fan who is also a

:07:39.:07:51.

former Stig agrees. The shows have got an awful lot better but it was

:07:52.:07:58.

the key moment in the new show and they did not get the first one

:07:59.:08:08.

right. Around 9 million did watch the first programme but since then

:08:09.:08:12.

figures have dipped. Last nights ratings were below 2 million. The

:08:13.:08:16.

BBC says the show will continue and filming for the new series will

:08:17.:08:20.

begin in September. Chris Evans will be back on Radio 2 tomorrow.

:08:21.:08:36.

Three days of national mourning are underway in Iraq. The Islamic State

:08:37.:08:44.

group says it was as possible for the atrocity which comes just a week

:08:45.:08:48.

after militants last control of the nearby city of Falluja.

:08:49.:08:56.

This is Falluja, losing this town so hurt the Islamist, they lashed out

:08:57.:09:06.

by massacring civilians in Baghdad. Iraq 's perpetual war was caused by

:09:07.:09:10.

a chain of consequences that leads back to the invasion of 2003. Iraq

:09:11.:09:20.

since traders, the US and Britain, removed a hated dictator but they

:09:21.:09:24.

made no real plan to rebuild the country they broke. They improvised

:09:25.:09:32.

and made matters worse. IS fighters still lie where the dyed in the

:09:33.:09:36.

streets. Jihadists weren't in Iraq for the invasion and Shia and Sunni

:09:37.:09:42.

Muslims whose civil war started during the occupation could coexist.

:09:43.:09:49.

There is a lot of Isis members here. In this 13th year of war, elite

:09:50.:09:57.

units took the lead, helped by American -- American air strikes.

:09:58.:10:00.

One pulverise this compound. The bodies of more than a dozen

:10:01.:10:06.

Jihadists lie rotting in the rubble. Suicide vest. So-called Islamic

:10:07.:10:12.

State -- it's AmexStadium groat of Al-Qaeda, which are grouped in Iraq

:10:13.:10:21.

in the chaos following the invasion. When you pull it, it'll blow up.

:10:22.:10:31.

This is from a grenade. Yes, it blows up all the vehicles with him.

:10:32.:10:36.

So this was intended for a suicide mission. Yes, exactly. This car bomb

:10:37.:10:45.

was not used. After defeat in Falluja, IS put a much bigger one in

:10:46.:10:50.

Baghdad. In a suburban house, IS said at a prison. This is not the

:10:51.:10:56.

only private jail in Iraq. In a fractured country, arbitrary

:10:57.:11:05.

imprisonment is a display of power. I S chain prisoners in cages the

:11:06.:11:10.

size of dog kennels. To get power and keep it, politicians and

:11:11.:11:15.

warlords in Iraq have exploited sectarian fears. The Jihadists of

:11:16.:11:20.

Islamic State would not have been able to take such a grip on Iraq

:11:21.:11:25.

without the sectarian conflict between Shia and Sunni Muslims. The

:11:26.:11:29.

argument between Shia and Sunni Muslims goes back 1400 years but the

:11:30.:11:37.

invasion in 2003 had the effect of redefining and supercharging it for

:11:38.:11:47.

the 21st-century. Around 45,000 people, all Sunni Muslims displaced

:11:48.:11:51.

by the fighting against Islamic State, are in a camp outside

:11:52.:11:58.

Falluja. They get water, food and basic shelter from the heat. But new

:11:59.:12:04.

families are still arriving, Unicef says the lives of one in five Iraqi

:12:05.:12:10.

children, 3.6 million, are at serious risk because of war. A

:12:11.:12:18.

bullet hit this girl as they escaped Falluja. They said Shia militias

:12:19.:12:26.

separated men from women and beat them to days. This four-year-old

:12:27.:12:31.

hopes her father might join his family again. But a neighbour saw

:12:32.:12:35.

him beaten to death as other men were shot dead. Many men in the camp

:12:36.:12:43.

are still injured and all were too frightened to be identified. These

:12:44.:12:48.

Sunni Muslims blame the invasion for changing the balance of power in the

:12:49.:12:52.

Middle East. TRANSLATION:

:12:53.:12:56.

Outside countries entered Iraq and destroyed us. America put us in the

:12:57.:13:03.

mouth of Iran and other countries and left us.

:13:04.:13:11.

The camp is on edge. Police tried to control food queues by firing into

:13:12.:13:19.

the air. Iraqis have also made matters much worse for themselves.

:13:20.:13:24.

But mistakes made by the United States and Britain 13 years ago

:13:25.:13:28.

pushed them down the road to catastrophe.

:13:29.:13:36.

I just want to bring you some breaking news on what we are hearing

:13:37.:13:42.

from Baghdad. The area around the International Airport in Baghdad is

:13:43.:13:48.

being shelled, with two dozen projectiles exploding within the

:13:49.:13:50.

secured Perret. That is according to which this is. One witness living

:13:51.:13:59.

near the airport says they heard 20 explosions and a security source

:14:00.:14:03.

said it was a bombardment targeting the airport. It is not yet clear

:14:04.:14:08.

whether the airport facilities have been hit but reports of several

:14:09.:14:11.

rockets exploding near the airport at the moment. Not clear whether

:14:12.:14:16.

rockets or mortar fire are being used in the shelling. We will keep

:14:17.:14:21.

you updated just as soon as we can. We will move onto the Israeli visit

:14:22.:14:24.

that begun today. Israel's Benjamin Netanyahu's

:14:25.:14:30.

begun a four-nation tour of sub-Saharan Africa -

:14:31.:14:32.

the first visit by an Israeli Prime Minister

:14:33.:14:34.

to the continent since 1987. The visit's to try and develop

:14:35.:14:36.

economic and security ties But Mr Netanyahu called it a deeply

:14:37.:14:38.

moving day for him as he began by marking the anniversary

:14:39.:14:43.

of the raid in Entebbe, Uganda, in which his brother

:14:44.:14:45.

Jonathan was killed in 1976. With me is Colin Shindler,

:14:46.:14:51.

Professor Emeritus in Israeli studies at SOAS and an author

:14:52.:14:53.

on Israeli history. Can you just first of all tellers

:14:54.:15:04.

about what happened to Benjamin Netanyahu 's brother, this very

:15:05.:15:10.

personal link. He was the commander of the Israeli operation to rescue

:15:11.:15:17.

and release hostages that had been taken off and Air France Airbus

:15:18.:15:22.

flight from Athens to France. They were taken and there were 250

:15:23.:15:30.

passengers originally, they were separated into Jews and non-Jews.

:15:31.:15:37.

The identifiable Jews were put to one side and they even checked those

:15:38.:15:44.

who had pre-ordered kosher food. There is even a British dimension to

:15:45.:15:50.

this. There was a Jewish grandmother of 74 who was quite frail and Dylan

:15:51.:15:57.

hospitalised in Uganda and she was not rescued and she was killed later

:15:58.:16:05.

by ADR means forces. This visit is of great personal importers to the

:16:06.:16:10.

Prime Minister but it is more than just that, what is going on

:16:11.:16:14.

politically? There is a personal aspect of this, his brother who he

:16:15.:16:22.

looked up to was killed there, but also it builds on the original ties

:16:23.:16:31.

that Israel had with Africa. In the 1950s, Israel was barred from

:16:32.:16:35.

joining the nonaligned nations yet they gave much aid to the African

:16:36.:16:42.

nations, they even condemned apartheid several times during the

:16:43.:16:46.

1960s. After the 1973 Yom Kippur War, pressure from the Arab states,

:16:47.:16:52.

economic and indeed political pressure, was put on the emerging

:16:53.:16:58.

African nations to break diplomatic ties will stop this is what is

:16:59.:17:03.

effectively now being restored. It is not straightforward. There have

:17:04.:17:07.

been expressions of support for the politician as Palestinians,

:17:08.:17:14.

complaints on about African Jewish people who back out of Israel when

:17:15.:17:17.

they try to live there, so competitions. Yes, this is a wide

:17:18.:17:22.

delegation. It also contains many businessmen who are opposed to

:17:23.:17:28.

Benjamin Netanyahu 's policies, and are opposed to the politics of

:17:29.:17:34.

stagnation. There are so many protests against the deportation of

:17:35.:17:38.

Africans from Israel. They argued that it was against Jewish tradition

:17:39.:17:43.

to not welcome refugees. Thank you so much for coming in. My pleasure.

:17:44.:17:51.

A politician from the governing party in Bangladesh has spoken

:17:52.:17:53.

of his sorrow and shame after learning that his son

:17:54.:17:56.

was among the Islamist militants who attacked a cafe in the capital,

:17:57.:17:58.

Imtiaz Khan told the BBC Bengali Service that his son,

:17:59.:18:02.

Rohan, left home six months ago and hadn't been in touch since.

:18:03.:18:05.

The Islamic State group posted his picture on Facebook

:18:06.:18:07.

on Friday and said it carried out the attack,

:18:08.:18:09.

in which 20 mostly foreign hostages were killed.

:18:10.:18:11.

The five dead hostage-takers came from affluent families.

:18:12.:18:20.

TRANSLATION: I am stunned to learn this, dumbfounded.

:18:21.:18:22.

My son used to pray five times a day from a young age.

:18:23.:18:25.

There is a mosque just 25 feet from our home.

:18:26.:18:28.

He started going to prayers with his grandfather,

:18:29.:18:30.

There was nothing at all, no books or anything

:18:31.:18:33.

to indicate he was leaning that way, so we had no inkling.

:18:34.:18:39.

When I was searching for my son, I found that

:18:40.:18:41.

Well-educated boys from good educated families,

:18:42.:18:44.

children of professionals, garment officers...

:18:45.:18:46.

I used to share my sorrows with them.

:18:47.:18:48.

We do not know how this has happened.

:18:49.:18:50.

The only thing I can think about is the Internet.

:18:51.:18:52.

Maybe it is happening through the Internet.

:18:53.:18:54.

I don't really know why this is happening.

:18:55.:18:56.

Some more breaking news, there has been an explosion in the holy city

:18:57.:19:19.

of Medina in Saudi Arabia. Local media say a suicide

:19:20.:19:21.

bomber detonated a bomb near the Prophet's Mosque, one

:19:22.:19:23.

of the most sacred sites in Islam. The incident followed a suicide

:19:24.:19:26.

attack near a Shia mosque The bomber died in the blast,

:19:27.:19:30.

but there are no reports Earlier in the day, two

:19:31.:19:34.

security guards were wounded in a suicide blast near the US

:19:35.:19:38.

Consulate in Jeddah. Joining me now for the latest

:19:39.:19:45.

is the BBC's Alan Johnston. Reports are still coming in. What do

:19:46.:19:55.

we know? As you say, a day of a series of explosions in Saudi Arabia

:19:56.:20:00.

but by most women go far the most serious one is that in the holy city

:20:01.:20:05.

of Medina. It is important to say at this stage that we have no

:20:06.:20:08.

confirmation as to what caused this blast but a number of local outlets

:20:09.:20:15.

are saying that this was a suicide attack which appeared to target

:20:16.:20:19.

security forces in the headquarters near the prophets mask, one of the

:20:20.:20:26.

holiest sites in Islam and whatever the reason for this explosion, there

:20:27.:20:29.

will be many Muslims around the world who will be decent -- deeply

:20:30.:20:34.

disturbed of this sort of thing happening in this sort of place in

:20:35.:20:41.

these last days of Ramadan and that the same time, almost

:20:42.:20:43.

simultaneously, on the other side of the country, several hundred

:20:44.:20:48.

commenters away, another blast, this was a suicide bomber. It seemed that

:20:49.:20:56.

he targeted a mosque used by Shia Muslims. There were no injuries

:20:57.:21:00.

there other than the death of the bomber in itself. It seemed he

:21:01.:21:03.

struck at a time when it was the end of than fast and a lotta people were

:21:04.:21:08.

indoors and so the streets were not fall. Is this a Shia Sunni Muslim

:21:09.:21:19.

thing going on? At this stage, we have to say we don't know who was

:21:20.:21:24.

behind this attack but suspicion will certainly fall on the Islamic

:21:25.:21:31.

State group. This extremist organisation has attacked Shia

:21:32.:21:35.

Moslem targets repeatedly in the Gulf and in this Qatif region. No

:21:36.:21:43.

confirmation yet but it would not be surprising if we were to find out

:21:44.:21:49.

that it was IS again trying to drive a wedge between them in that area of

:21:50.:21:55.

the Gulf. Politicians around the world, including Hillary Clinton,

:21:56.:22:00.

have called on some of the Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, to

:22:01.:22:08.

do more to stop their support, as they see it. What is going on there?

:22:09.:22:15.

I think the government is fully aware that it needs to front up and

:22:16.:22:20.

confront the Islamic State group, which clearly has the kingdom in its

:22:21.:22:25.

sights. We have seen a number of attacks by IS targeting Shia Muslim

:22:26.:22:30.

groups and targeting the Saudi security forces. There is very much

:22:31.:22:38.

an ongoing effort to try and uproot IS cells in the kingdom and that

:22:39.:22:42.

will only surely be stepped up after a day like today. Thank you very

:22:43.:22:44.

much. Let's return to our stop story,

:22:45.:22:52.

the resignation of Nigel Farage, the leader of the Uk's Independence

:22:53.:22:55.

Party who campaigned Joining me now is Peter Whittle

:22:56.:22:57.

Ukip's Culture spokesman. Thank you very much for joining us.

:22:58.:23:03.

Why has Nigel Farage gone? Want people feeling your party that he is

:23:04.:23:06.

leaving and abandoning them just as he has achieved what he wanted but

:23:07.:23:11.

there is still a lot to do and they got to decide? No, I don't think

:23:12.:23:17.

anybody begrudges Nigel going in the party. I am sad he has gone because

:23:18.:23:23.

he is the reason I came into the party. But the fact is, he is a man

:23:24.:23:30.

who is actually leaving on an absolute high. He is unassailable

:23:31.:23:35.

really. And there is this saying that all political careers end in

:23:36.:23:42.

failure, well, this is one example where it has basically ended in

:23:43.:23:45.

extraordinary success. He came into politics 20 years ago to get a

:23:46.:23:51.

referendum for Britain to get out of the European Union and he got that

:23:52.:23:55.

and indeed, also we are now out of the European Union. But want people

:23:56.:24:02.

say, the 17 million people who voted to leave, they will look at what has

:24:03.:24:06.

happened and say, hang on, Boris and Nigel Farage have gone. Michael Gove

:24:07.:24:11.

fatally wound, perhaps by his own hand. Why are these people who

:24:12.:24:16.

argued for Brexit who have now led to this result now abandoned ship?

:24:17.:24:23.

He has not abandoned anything. The fact is that Nigel Bildt Ukip up, we

:24:24.:24:32.

are about the only United party in the United Kingdom at the moment

:24:33.:24:35.

without question and I think everybody understands that he said

:24:36.:24:42.

today basically he wanted his country back, now he would quite

:24:43.:24:47.

like his life back. Has he really gone? He has resigned in the past.

:24:48.:24:51.

Do you have any idea what he wants to do next? There is a job vacancy

:24:52.:24:58.

at Top Gear. The fact is that Nigel has worked at a superhuman pace over

:24:59.:25:08.

the past 20 years, especially the past five - ten years, extraordinary

:25:09.:25:13.

salmonella, extraordinary workload -- stamina. Often in a atmosphere of

:25:14.:25:21.

considerable criticism and attacks. That requires a very strong

:25:22.:25:23.

character and that is exactly the man that he is but I think possibly

:25:24.:25:27.

he would quite like now to actually go out having actually achieved his

:25:28.:25:33.

political aim, which was getting us a referendum and indeed basically

:25:34.:25:38.

getting us out of the European Union. I think that when it comes to

:25:39.:25:42.

going forward, we as a party have got to make sure that no means no.

:25:43.:25:49.

That Brexit means Brexit. Thank you very much we are out of time.

:25:50.:25:53.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:54.:26:07.

There are still no signs of any prolonged

:26:08.:26:08.

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