06/07/2016 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 06/07/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Reporting from Washington, I'm Laura Trevelyan.


The headlines: A UK inquiry delivers its conclusion on Britain's


It found military action was based on flawed intelligence


and there was no imminent threat from Saddam Hussein.


It is and I count of an intervention which went badly wrong, with


consequences to this day. -- and I count.


lies, but accepts full responsibility for


For all of this, I express more sorrow, regret, and apology than


Also coming up: President Obama says he'll keep more than 8,000 troops


And, sentenced to six years in a South African prison.


After a marathon trial, Oscar Pistorius learns his fate


for the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.


We start in Britain, where a long awaited report


on the country's role in the Iraq war has laid out


The investigation, led by Sir John Chilcot,


found the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein posed no "imminent


threat" and the military action against him was not a last resort.


The report says Britain went to war based on "flawed intelligence".


And this is what prime minister Tony Blair told George Bush


in a letter eight months before the invasion:


A spokesman for president George W Bush told the BBC


he believes the world is a better place


And he went on to praise the UK under the leadership of Tony Blair


But the Chilcot report says the intervention went badly wrong,


Nicholas Witchell has been looking at it in more detail.


For month after month, some of the most senior


figures in the land, ministers, civil servants, military


leaders and intelligence chiefs, came to give evidence.


From their testimony and many thousands of documents,


Sir John Chilcot has distilled his conclusions.


It is on the use of intelligence that he offers some of his most


It is now clear that policy on Iraq was made on the basis of flawed


They were not challenged, and they should have been.


In the House of Commons on the 24th of September 2002, Mr Blair


talked up the credibility of the intelligence


It is extensive, detailed, and authoritative.


According to Mr Blair, Saddam Hussein could activate his


chemical and biological weapons within 45 minutes.


The judgments about Iraq's capabilities in a statement


and in the dossier published the same day were presented


with a certainty that was not justifiable.


Not only was intelligence flawed, so too with the discussions


The Attorney General at the time was Lord Peter Goldsmith,


but it is clear from the report that time and again, the Cabinet


was denied a chance to hear his detailed arguments.


One such an occasion was a matter of weeks before the invasion began.


And so to the chaos of postinvasion planning and another


According to the report, Mr Blair's government


was warned explicitly of the risk that an invasion


would destabilise Iraq and lead to the growth of Al-Qaeda.


And as British forces faced the growing Iraqi insurrection,


the government failed to equip them properly.


We have found that the Ministry of Defence was slow in responding


to the threat from improvised explosive devices and that delays


in providing adequate medium weight protective patrol vehicles should


Britain's invasion of Iraq has been minutely scrutinised.


Sir John Chilcot has found that it was an unwarranted invasion,


based on flawed intelligence, with insufficient discussion


It was an intervention which he said had caused anguish and suffering


The evidence is there for all to see, it is an account


of an intervention which went badly wrong.


Reacting to the Chilcot report, former prime minister Tony Blair


took full responsibility for the mistakes in planning


But he asked the British public to accept that he had


done what he thought was right at the time.


The intelligence assessments made at the time of going to war turned out


to be wrong. The aftermath turned out to be more hostile, protracted


and bloody than ever we imagined. The coalition plan for one set of


ground facts and encountered another, and a nation whose people


we wanted to set free and secure from the evil of Saddam, became


instead victim to sectarian terrorism.


For all of this, I express more sorrow, regret and apology than you


may have no law can believe. -- and you may ever know.


The violence which erupted in Iraq in 2003 has continued to this day,


and the head of the UK inquiry underlined the suffering


of the Iraqi people, including a million forced


As our Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen reports from Baghdad,


the war sent shockwaves across the entire region.


The people of Baghdad and the rest of Iraq are still living and dying


with the consequences of the 2003 invasion.


Security is being beefed up yet again after the bomb that killed


But the fear of a sudden random death is never far away.


When the US forces reached Baghdad in April 2003, pictures of them


helping Iraqis topple a statue of Saddam Hussein went


Hadi Al Jabari started knocking lumps out of the Prince to celebrate


Hadi Al Jabari started knocking lumps out of the plinth to celebrate


Now like many Iraqis, he's nostalgic for the brutal


TRANSLATION: Saddam has gone and we now have 1,000 Saddams.


If Tony Blair was here this morning, what would you say to him?


TRANSLATION: I would say to him, you are a criminal.


Less than an hour's drive from Baghdad, these are Iraqi Shia


militiamen, trained and equipped by Iran,


Chilcot says the British Government ignored a warning that removing


Saddam would offer Iran an opening in Iraq.


Captured IS positions seemed to have been prepared by trained soldiers,


IS commanders include former Iraqi officers who joined


the jihadists when the US and Britain dissolved the Iraqi army.


Not all of the chaos, violence and war in the Middle East


at the moment can be traced back to the invasion of Iraq in 2003,


It was like throwing a great big rock into a pond,


it sent out shock waves, geopolitical, religious,


And 13 years later, they're still crashing around the region.


Warnings about internal strife, regional instability and the rise


of jihadists were also ignored by Number Ten, says Chilcot.


Iraq's sectarian violence spread to Syria, Yemen, and elsewhere.


As leaders used and abused Shia Sunni fears to fight for power.


Jihadists were on the attack before the invasion.


But Iraq after 2003 offered Al-Qaeda a haven


and launch pad that Islamic State is still using.


Small numbers of British troops who we filmed on condition


At this base, Australians and New Zealanders


It is a long way from what Chilcot caused the humiliating


It is a long way from what Chilcot calls the humiliating


end of an intervention that went badly wrong,


With me in the studio is former US Defence Secretary and BBC World


the report says the war was based on flawed intelligence, which the US


also bought into, particularly that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass


destruction? Indeed. I think the US was the


moving force behind this operation, and the British were, I think,


determined to be with the United States no matter what. If you look


at Tony Blair's letter, that is quoted in the report, a laser very


specifically things that needed to be done. We don't know what the


answers to those were, but we don't think they were done. So I think it


is laid out very clearly. We didn't have adequate intelligence or


adequate planning, and I think the report Stansbury well.


Well, the report is so damning on the matter of that planning, it says


the planning and preparations for Iraq after Saddam Hussein were


wholly inadequate. They were inadequate. There was an


assumption on the part of all of us, those in the Clinton administration


as well as the Bush administration that Saddam had weapons of mass


destruction. However, the Clinton administration came to the


conclusion he posed no imminent threat, and we were determined to


stay out of Iraq last Saddam Hussein invaded Saudi Arabia, or QA, or


attacked Israel. It is easy to say that, the doubling changed after


September the 11th, didn't it? You can see why he thought Saddam


Hussein would be a threat as well. Yes, but they tried to make a link


to 9/11 that was not real. Saddam did not have a nuclear weapons


capability, and I think the rationale was really to displace


Saddam and put democracy in its place, and that has been one of the


biggest lessons we should take from this. Do not try to transplant


democracy in soil that is not fertile for democracy.


Just returning to the Chilcot Report and the reaction to it, the former


Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, who you knew when you are in the Clinton


Administration, he has said that UK officials felt blindsided by US


officials, particularly Paul Bremer, when he disbanded the Iraqi army.


What do you make of that blindside in?


That is correct. I think it was a mistake to have simply taken out the


Iraqi army rather than trying to perhaps take the top officers and


keep the army in place. But we did not take into contemplation the


consequence of removing a regime with nothing in its place, and with


inadequate resources to make sure they were stability for some time to


come. We are paying the penalty for it to this day. We are learning a


lot about the relationship between President George Bush and Tony


Blair, from the letters unearthed by the Chilcot Inquiry.


Eight months before the amazing, Tony Blair says the George Bush, I


will be with you whatever. Does it surprise you, the closeness of their


relationship? It seems like unconditional support.


Not really, because Great Britain has been with the United States


from... Certainly during my lifetime, and hopefully will


continue in the future. This relationship is special. We have


depended on each other, and I would go back and point out, in Libya, for


example, that was a British initiative, yet the United States


joined in that effort because the British had been with us, even


though our former Secretary of Defense Bob Gates spoke out against


going into Libya. We went nonetheless, because we wanted to be


with them, because they had been with us. That is a relationship


which will continue, but the report gives fair warning. Make sure you


understand all the consequences before you ever take military


action. As Defence Secretary, you know that.


The report is extremely critical, and has the benefit of hindsight,


but just how momentous is that decision, to go to war, when you


take it? We're seeing it play out. The reason


we should always be reluctant to release the dogs of war is that we


may not be able to call them back, and if you look at the destruction


that is taking place today in Syria, in Libya, in Yemen, and certainly in


Iraq, thousands and thousands of people continue to die as a result


of instability. So yes, we have two always make sure that before we ever


go into a country, as we should have and not in Rwanda, but as we did in


Kosovo, to make sure there was no ethnic cleansing on tens and


hundreds of thousands of people, nonetheless, we have to have the


planning, what takes place the day after you going. What is the plan


for state lies in a country that you are attacking? And it is clear that


we did not do their job for Iraq. -- stabilising a country.


Thank you for joining us. More than 150,000 people died


in Iraq during the war and in the years that followed,


among them 179 British For years, many of their families


had campaigned for an inquiry so they could find out the truth


about why Britain went to war. Fergal Keane reports now


on the families' reaction The bereaved have endured


seven years of painful waiting Debbie Allbutt and her son Connor


were on their way to hear Steven Allbutt, husband and father,


was killed in Iraq in 2003. In the last few days,


the trauma has returned. It has brought a lot


of memories back. I had nightmares where he was still


alive, and I saw him in a shop. Just horrible nightmares.


I am just hoping we find out why we went in and why we went


In the quiet of nearby Westminster Abbey, former SAS man


John Brown was remembering his son, Nick, also an SAS trooper.


He wanted answers about the justification for going to war.


We want to know what the enquiry says about the entry,


I know they did not have an exit strategy.


The families came here looking for the truth that named names


The families were invited to meet Sir John Chilcot, and read a summary


of his report. The families came here looking


for the truth that named names Well, they've now had


a chance to consider The families gathered


here trust that we speak The families say they will study


the conclusions and decide whether to launch legal action


against Tony Blair. I'm going back to that time


when I learned that my brother had been killed and there is


one terrorist in this world that the world needs to be aware


of and his name is Tony Blair. But there was a welcome


for the report's findings What is your reaction


to what you heard? Amazed, I didn't expect it to be


as good an outcome, really. I thought we would have a bit


of cover up or something. Sir John Chilcot has


done us a good job. I'm really, really


pleased with the outcome. It's good news but at the same time


it's bad news as well, because I think if Tony Blair


wasn't the Prime Minister at the time, I think my dad


could still have been here today. The former SAS man John Brown


watched Tony Blair's For all of this, I express more


sorrow, regret and apology. Tony Blair has just apologised.


What does that mean to you? The Chilcot report has not given


the families all the answers they sought, but it has restored


some measure of their faith Now to another conflict even older


than the war in Iraq, whose legacy President Barack Obama says he's


slowing the withdrawal of American Originally, numbers were to drop


from just under 10,00 to 5,500 Mr Obama now plans to leave 8,400


troops in place into next year. Maintaining our forces


at the specific level, based on our assessment


of the security conditions and the strength of Afghan forces,


will allow us to continue to provide tailored support to help Afghan


forces continue to improve. From coalition bases in Jalalabad


and Kandahar we will be able to continue supporting Afghan forces


on the ground and in the air and continue


supporting critical Our correspondent Nick Bryant


joins me in the studio. So, then Obama famously came to


office promising to end the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, particularly


in Afghanistan. Why is he having such difficulty ending it? He is


worried that of America withdraws to the number he intended, which was


5500, a long way from the 100,000 that were there during the height of


the surge, there was a danger that Afghanistan could again become a


safe haven for terrorists, as he put it, which it was pre-9/11. He said


the security situation there was very precarious, he wanted to give


US forces additional options as they worked alongside the Afghan army in


trying to combat the Taliban and combating terrorism in the country.


And he also pointed out that, for instance, in the last 18 months, 38


American civilians and US personnel have died in Afghanistan. So the


security situation there is far from stable. There is clearly a worry, in


the White House and Pentagon especially, that a precipitous


withdrawal would make that situation worse. So he has kind of


compromised. A lot of former generals in the matadors were


calling for a freeze. He has not done that, but a small reduction in


force levels, to about 8400, rather than the 5500 he was aiming for.


And the UN estimates that the Taliban now controls more territory


in Afghanistan than at any time since 2001. Does the White House


have anything to say about that? What is edgily called for today is a


political settlement in Afghanistan, involving the Taliban. A couple of


invitations had been given to the Taliban. America is working


alongside the Afghan government, China and Pakistan in trying to get


the Taliban to the negotiating table. But those two invitations


have been rebuffed by the Taliban. Perhaps some of the preconditions or


demands America have made are just too tough for the Taliban. They have


called for them to denounce violence, to adopt the Afghan


constitution, with all its protections for women and


minorities, so they want a political process, but again, it seems very


far off at the moment. Thank you very much for joining us.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The US Justice Department will investigate the fatal shooting


by police of a black man in the city of Baton Rouge,


There have been protests overnight after a video emerged showing two


white policemen apparently holding the man down and shooting him.


The police say they were responding to an allegation that the suspect


The pound has hit a fresh 31-year low against the dollar as worries


over the UK's exit from the European Union continue


At one point, it dropped below $1.28 before rebounding to $1.29.


Analysts blamed warnings from the Bank of England that Brexit


A court in Spain has sentenced the Argentina and Barcelona


footballer, Lionel Messi, to twenty-one months in prison


The striker was fined more than two million dollars.


His father, Jorge, was also sentenced to prison.


Neither is expected to serve any time in jail as under Spanish law,


short prison sentences are usually suspended.


The South African athlete has been sentenced to six years in prison


for the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in 2013.


Last year, the court overturned his original conviction


for manslaughter, instead finding him guilty of murder.


Our correspondent Karen Allen reports from Pretoria.


An undignified end for a fallen hero.


Oscar Pistorius is led away to jail to begin his six-year sentence,


For the father of Reeva Steenkamp, whose


testimony revealed how his life had been torn apart,


Inside a packed courtroom, a sense of hushed


expectation as the judge said she had to strike a balance between


deterrence, punishment and the seriousness of the crime.


By its very nature, punishment is unpleasant, it is


uncomfortable, it is painful and it's inconvenient.


It is certainly not what you love to do.


In the result, the sentence that I impose on the accused for the


murder, dolus eventualis, of the deceased, that


is Reeva Steenkamp, is six years imprisonment.


Reeva Steenkamp's parents glance around the courtroom,


almost in disbelief that this day has finally come.


A six-year sentence means that Oscar Pistorius will have to serve


at least three years before being eligible for parole.


He begged the world to believe it had all been a


terrible mistake, the judge exercising considerable discretion.


Now for the grieving family of Reeva Steenkamp,


And for Oscar Pistorius, a tearful embrace from his sister Amy


just seconds before he's led down to the cells.


It's now more than three years since this couple's fate hit the


headlines after the athlete fired four shots through a closed bathroom


In the court case that followed, Oscar Pistorius


was found guilty of manslaughter but a year later it was converted to


In an exclusive interview after court, the athlete's


uncle told me Oscar Pistorius was frightened about


If it's not frightening, I think it would still be stupid.


If you're frightened, your senses sharpen up,


your awareness becomes better, so frightened is good.


This is the prison where Oscar Pistorius


has already spent time for manslaughter.


Today marks the closing chapter of what has been


Oscar Pistorius, once a sporting legend, haunted by


a sense of remorse, now disappeared from public view the service time.


a sense of remorse, now disappeared from public view to serve his time.


Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair has delivered a strong defence


of the 2003 Iraq War in response to a long-awaited report by a public


enquiry. At a news conference, Mr Blair insisted he had not misled the


country or lied to it. Mr Blair said he took full responsibility for any


mistakes without exception and without excuse.


The enquiry has found that the decision to go to war was based on


flawed intelligence and wasn't properly discussed with the British


Cabinet. It said there had been no imminent


threat from Iraq's then leader Saddam Hussein, and peaceful options


for disarming its government had not been exhausted.


From me, Laura Trevelyan, and the rest of the team, goodbye.


Good evening. Many of us had a fine day today. You may have noticed some


spectacular cloud formations, with examples of these wispy clouds in


the atmosphere. In the short-term, weather fronts I were racing in our


direction, spelling some rain, but not an awful lot. In


Download Subtitles