06/07/2016 World News Today


06/07/2016

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Reporting from Washington, I'm Laura Trevelyan.

:00:10.:00:12.

The headlines: A UK inquiry delivers its conclusion on Britain's

:00:13.:00:14.

It found military action was based on flawed intelligence

:00:15.:00:20.

and there was no imminent threat from Saddam Hussein.

:00:21.:00:29.

It is and I count of an intervention which went badly wrong, with

:00:30.:00:36.

consequences to this day. -- and I count.

:00:37.:00:37.

lies, but accepts full responsibility for

:00:38.:00:40.

For all of this, I express more sorrow, regret, and apology than

:00:41.:00:44.

Also coming up: President Obama says he'll keep more than 8,000 troops

:00:45.:00:56.

And, sentenced to six years in a South African prison.

:00:57.:01:03.

After a marathon trial, Oscar Pistorius learns his fate

:01:04.:01:05.

for the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.

:01:06.:01:21.

We start in Britain, where a long awaited report

:01:22.:01:24.

on the country's role in the Iraq war has laid out

:01:25.:01:27.

The investigation, led by Sir John Chilcot,

:01:28.:01:30.

found the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein posed no "imminent

:01:31.:01:32.

threat" and the military action against him was not a last resort.

:01:33.:01:37.

The report says Britain went to war based on "flawed intelligence".

:01:38.:01:41.

And this is what prime minister Tony Blair told George Bush

:01:42.:01:46.

in a letter eight months before the invasion:

:01:47.:01:48.

A spokesman for president George W Bush told the BBC

:01:49.:01:57.

he believes the world is a better place

:01:58.:01:59.

And he went on to praise the UK under the leadership of Tony Blair

:02:00.:02:03.

But the Chilcot report says the intervention went badly wrong,

:02:04.:02:07.

Nicholas Witchell has been looking at it in more detail.

:02:08.:02:18.

For month after month, some of the most senior

:02:19.:02:20.

figures in the land, ministers, civil servants, military

:02:21.:02:22.

leaders and intelligence chiefs, came to give evidence.

:02:23.:02:24.

From their testimony and many thousands of documents,

:02:25.:02:25.

Sir John Chilcot has distilled his conclusions.

:02:26.:02:27.

It is on the use of intelligence that he offers some of his most

:02:28.:02:31.

It is now clear that policy on Iraq was made on the basis of flawed

:02:32.:02:38.

They were not challenged, and they should have been.

:02:39.:02:45.

In the House of Commons on the 24th of September 2002, Mr Blair

:02:46.:02:48.

talked up the credibility of the intelligence

:02:49.:02:51.

It is extensive, detailed, and authoritative.

:02:52.:02:57.

According to Mr Blair, Saddam Hussein could activate his

:02:58.:03:00.

chemical and biological weapons within 45 minutes.

:03:01.:03:04.

The judgments about Iraq's capabilities in a statement

:03:05.:03:10.

and in the dossier published the same day were presented

:03:11.:03:13.

with a certainty that was not justifiable.

:03:14.:03:19.

Not only was intelligence flawed, so too with the discussions

:03:20.:03:22.

The Attorney General at the time was Lord Peter Goldsmith,

:03:23.:03:29.

but it is clear from the report that time and again, the Cabinet

:03:30.:03:32.

was denied a chance to hear his detailed arguments.

:03:33.:03:36.

One such an occasion was a matter of weeks before the invasion began.

:03:37.:03:41.

And so to the chaos of postinvasion planning and another

:03:42.:03:45.

According to the report, Mr Blair's government

:03:46.:03:51.

was warned explicitly of the risk that an invasion

:03:52.:03:53.

would destabilise Iraq and lead to the growth of Al-Qaeda.

:03:54.:03:59.

And as British forces faced the growing Iraqi insurrection,

:04:00.:04:01.

the government failed to equip them properly.

:04:02.:04:05.

We have found that the Ministry of Defence was slow in responding

:04:06.:04:08.

to the threat from improvised explosive devices and that delays

:04:09.:04:13.

in providing adequate medium weight protective patrol vehicles should

:04:14.:04:17.

Britain's invasion of Iraq has been minutely scrutinised.

:04:18.:04:26.

Sir John Chilcot has found that it was an unwarranted invasion,

:04:27.:04:29.

based on flawed intelligence, with insufficient discussion

:04:30.:04:32.

It was an intervention which he said had caused anguish and suffering

:04:33.:04:38.

The evidence is there for all to see, it is an account

:04:39.:04:47.

of an intervention which went badly wrong.

:04:48.:04:49.

Reacting to the Chilcot report, former prime minister Tony Blair

:04:50.:05:00.

took full responsibility for the mistakes in planning

:05:01.:05:04.

But he asked the British public to accept that he had

:05:05.:05:08.

done what he thought was right at the time.

:05:09.:05:14.

The intelligence assessments made at the time of going to war turned out

:05:15.:05:23.

to be wrong. The aftermath turned out to be more hostile, protracted

:05:24.:05:30.

and bloody than ever we imagined. The coalition plan for one set of

:05:31.:05:37.

ground facts and encountered another, and a nation whose people

:05:38.:05:41.

we wanted to set free and secure from the evil of Saddam, became

:05:42.:05:48.

instead victim to sectarian terrorism.

:05:49.:06:01.

For all of this, I express more sorrow, regret and apology than you

:06:02.:06:09.

may have no law can believe. -- and you may ever know.

:06:10.:06:10.

The violence which erupted in Iraq in 2003 has continued to this day,

:06:11.:06:13.

and the head of the UK inquiry underlined the suffering

:06:14.:06:16.

of the Iraqi people, including a million forced

:06:17.:06:18.

As our Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen reports from Baghdad,

:06:19.:06:21.

the war sent shockwaves across the entire region.

:06:22.:06:28.

The people of Baghdad and the rest of Iraq are still living and dying

:06:29.:06:31.

with the consequences of the 2003 invasion.

:06:32.:06:38.

Security is being beefed up yet again after the bomb that killed

:06:39.:06:42.

But the fear of a sudden random death is never far away.

:06:43.:06:51.

When the US forces reached Baghdad in April 2003, pictures of them

:06:52.:06:55.

helping Iraqis topple a statue of Saddam Hussein went

:06:56.:06:58.

Hadi Al Jabari started knocking lumps out of the Prince to celebrate

:06:59.:07:11.

Hadi Al Jabari started knocking lumps out of the plinth to celebrate

:07:12.:07:14.

Now like many Iraqis, he's nostalgic for the brutal

:07:15.:07:18.

TRANSLATION: Saddam has gone and we now have 1,000 Saddams.

:07:19.:07:21.

If Tony Blair was here this morning, what would you say to him?

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TRANSLATION: I would say to him, you are a criminal.

:07:25.:07:26.

Less than an hour's drive from Baghdad, these are Iraqi Shia

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militiamen, trained and equipped by Iran,

:07:37.:07:37.

Chilcot says the British Government ignored a warning that removing

:07:38.:07:48.

Saddam would offer Iran an opening in Iraq.

:07:49.:07:55.

Captured IS positions seemed to have been prepared by trained soldiers,

:07:56.:07:59.

IS commanders include former Iraqi officers who joined

:08:00.:08:07.

the jihadists when the US and Britain dissolved the Iraqi army.

:08:08.:08:10.

Not all of the chaos, violence and war in the Middle East

:08:11.:08:13.

at the moment can be traced back to the invasion of Iraq in 2003,

:08:14.:08:16.

It was like throwing a great big rock into a pond,

:08:17.:08:23.

it sent out shock waves, geopolitical, religious,

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And 13 years later, they're still crashing around the region.

:08:29.:08:36.

Warnings about internal strife, regional instability and the rise

:08:37.:08:43.

of jihadists were also ignored by Number Ten, says Chilcot.

:08:44.:08:46.

Iraq's sectarian violence spread to Syria, Yemen, and elsewhere.

:08:47.:08:54.

As leaders used and abused Shia Sunni fears to fight for power.

:08:55.:08:59.

Jihadists were on the attack before the invasion.

:09:00.:09:08.

But Iraq after 2003 offered Al-Qaeda a haven

:09:09.:09:15.

and launch pad that Islamic State is still using.

:09:16.:09:17.

Small numbers of British troops who we filmed on condition

:09:18.:09:19.

At this base, Australians and New Zealanders

:09:20.:09:27.

It is a long way from what Chilcot caused the humiliating

:09:28.:09:32.

It is a long way from what Chilcot calls the humiliating

:09:33.:09:35.

end of an intervention that went badly wrong,

:09:36.:09:36.

With me in the studio is former US Defence Secretary and BBC World

:09:37.:10:01.

the report says the war was based on flawed intelligence, which the US

:10:02.:10:09.

also bought into, particularly that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass

:10:10.:10:12.

destruction? Indeed. I think the US was the

:10:13.:10:17.

moving force behind this operation, and the British were, I think,

:10:18.:10:20.

determined to be with the United States no matter what. If you look

:10:21.:10:27.

at Tony Blair's letter, that is quoted in the report, a laser very

:10:28.:10:31.

specifically things that needed to be done. We don't know what the

:10:32.:10:34.

answers to those were, but we don't think they were done. So I think it

:10:35.:10:40.

is laid out very clearly. We didn't have adequate intelligence or

:10:41.:10:43.

adequate planning, and I think the report Stansbury well.

:10:44.:10:49.

Well, the report is so damning on the matter of that planning, it says

:10:50.:10:53.

the planning and preparations for Iraq after Saddam Hussein were

:10:54.:10:57.

wholly inadequate. They were inadequate. There was an

:10:58.:11:01.

assumption on the part of all of us, those in the Clinton administration

:11:02.:11:05.

as well as the Bush administration that Saddam had weapons of mass

:11:06.:11:10.

destruction. However, the Clinton administration came to the

:11:11.:11:13.

conclusion he posed no imminent threat, and we were determined to

:11:14.:11:16.

stay out of Iraq last Saddam Hussein invaded Saudi Arabia, or QA, or

:11:17.:11:23.

attacked Israel. It is easy to say that, the doubling changed after

:11:24.:11:25.

September the 11th, didn't it? You can see why he thought Saddam

:11:26.:11:31.

Hussein would be a threat as well. Yes, but they tried to make a link

:11:32.:11:37.

to 9/11 that was not real. Saddam did not have a nuclear weapons

:11:38.:11:41.

capability, and I think the rationale was really to displace

:11:42.:11:45.

Saddam and put democracy in its place, and that has been one of the

:11:46.:11:47.

biggest lessons we should take from this. Do not try to transplant

:11:48.:11:51.

democracy in soil that is not fertile for democracy.

:11:52.:11:55.

Just returning to the Chilcot Report and the reaction to it, the former

:11:56.:12:00.

Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, who you knew when you are in the Clinton

:12:01.:12:04.

Administration, he has said that UK officials felt blindsided by US

:12:05.:12:08.

officials, particularly Paul Bremer, when he disbanded the Iraqi army.

:12:09.:12:12.

What do you make of that blindside in?

:12:13.:12:15.

That is correct. I think it was a mistake to have simply taken out the

:12:16.:12:19.

Iraqi army rather than trying to perhaps take the top officers and

:12:20.:12:24.

keep the army in place. But we did not take into contemplation the

:12:25.:12:28.

consequence of removing a regime with nothing in its place, and with

:12:29.:12:35.

inadequate resources to make sure they were stability for some time to

:12:36.:12:39.

come. We are paying the penalty for it to this day. We are learning a

:12:40.:12:42.

lot about the relationship between President George Bush and Tony

:12:43.:12:47.

Blair, from the letters unearthed by the Chilcot Inquiry.

:12:48.:12:50.

Eight months before the amazing, Tony Blair says the George Bush, I

:12:51.:12:55.

will be with you whatever. Does it surprise you, the closeness of their

:12:56.:12:59.

relationship? It seems like unconditional support.

:13:00.:13:02.

Not really, because Great Britain has been with the United States

:13:03.:13:08.

from... Certainly during my lifetime, and hopefully will

:13:09.:13:13.

continue in the future. This relationship is special. We have

:13:14.:13:15.

depended on each other, and I would go back and point out, in Libya, for

:13:16.:13:20.

example, that was a British initiative, yet the United States

:13:21.:13:23.

joined in that effort because the British had been with us, even

:13:24.:13:26.

though our former Secretary of Defense Bob Gates spoke out against

:13:27.:13:30.

going into Libya. We went nonetheless, because we wanted to be

:13:31.:13:33.

with them, because they had been with us. That is a relationship

:13:34.:13:37.

which will continue, but the report gives fair warning. Make sure you

:13:38.:13:41.

understand all the consequences before you ever take military

:13:42.:13:44.

action. As Defence Secretary, you know that.

:13:45.:13:47.

The report is extremely critical, and has the benefit of hindsight,

:13:48.:13:51.

but just how momentous is that decision, to go to war, when you

:13:52.:13:54.

take it? We're seeing it play out. The reason

:13:55.:13:58.

we should always be reluctant to release the dogs of war is that we

:13:59.:14:01.

may not be able to call them back, and if you look at the destruction

:14:02.:14:04.

that is taking place today in Syria, in Libya, in Yemen, and certainly in

:14:05.:14:11.

Iraq, thousands and thousands of people continue to die as a result

:14:12.:14:17.

of instability. So yes, we have two always make sure that before we ever

:14:18.:14:22.

go into a country, as we should have and not in Rwanda, but as we did in

:14:23.:14:26.

Kosovo, to make sure there was no ethnic cleansing on tens and

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hundreds of thousands of people, nonetheless, we have to have the

:14:33.:14:35.

planning, what takes place the day after you going. What is the plan

:14:36.:14:39.

for state lies in a country that you are attacking? And it is clear that

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we did not do their job for Iraq. -- stabilising a country.

:14:46.:14:46.

Thank you for joining us. More than 150,000 people died

:14:47.:14:47.

in Iraq during the war and in the years that followed,

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among them 179 British For years, many of their families

:14:51.:14:52.

had campaigned for an inquiry so they could find out the truth

:14:53.:14:56.

about why Britain went to war. Fergal Keane reports now

:14:57.:14:59.

on the families' reaction The bereaved have endured

:15:00.:15:01.

seven years of painful waiting Debbie Allbutt and her son Connor

:15:02.:15:08.

were on their way to hear Steven Allbutt, husband and father,

:15:09.:15:13.

was killed in Iraq in 2003. In the last few days,

:15:14.:15:20.

the trauma has returned. It has brought a lot

:15:21.:15:23.

of memories back. I had nightmares where he was still

:15:24.:15:38.

alive, and I saw him in a shop. Just horrible nightmares.

:15:39.:15:39.

I am just hoping we find out why we went in and why we went

:15:40.:15:44.

In the quiet of nearby Westminster Abbey, former SAS man

:15:45.:15:48.

John Brown was remembering his son, Nick, also an SAS trooper.

:15:49.:15:51.

He wanted answers about the justification for going to war.

:15:52.:15:54.

We want to know what the enquiry says about the entry,

:15:55.:15:59.

I know they did not have an exit strategy.

:16:00.:16:09.

The families came here looking for the truth that named names

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The families were invited to meet Sir John Chilcot, and read a summary

:16:15.:16:18.

of his report. The families came here looking

:16:19.:16:19.

for the truth that named names Well, they've now had

:16:20.:16:21.

a chance to consider The families gathered

:16:22.:16:24.

here trust that we speak The families say they will study

:16:25.:16:27.

the conclusions and decide whether to launch legal action

:16:28.:16:31.

against Tony Blair. I'm going back to that time

:16:32.:16:33.

when I learned that my brother had been killed and there is

:16:34.:16:42.

one terrorist in this world that the world needs to be aware

:16:43.:16:44.

of and his name is Tony Blair. But there was a welcome

:16:45.:16:48.

for the report's findings What is your reaction

:16:49.:16:55.

to what you heard? Amazed, I didn't expect it to be

:16:56.:16:59.

as good an outcome, really. I thought we would have a bit

:17:00.:17:05.

of cover up or something. Sir John Chilcot has

:17:06.:17:10.

done us a good job. I'm really, really

:17:11.:17:13.

pleased with the outcome. It's good news but at the same time

:17:14.:17:17.

it's bad news as well, because I think if Tony Blair

:17:18.:17:23.

wasn't the Prime Minister at the time, I think my dad

:17:24.:17:26.

could still have been here today. The former SAS man John Brown

:17:27.:17:29.

watched Tony Blair's For all of this, I express more

:17:30.:17:31.

sorrow, regret and apology. Tony Blair has just apologised.

:17:32.:17:43.

What does that mean to you? The Chilcot report has not given

:17:44.:17:48.

the families all the answers they sought, but it has restored

:17:49.:18:02.

some measure of their faith Now to another conflict even older

:18:03.:18:05.

than the war in Iraq, whose legacy President Barack Obama says he's

:18:06.:18:12.

slowing the withdrawal of American Originally, numbers were to drop

:18:13.:18:21.

from just under 10,00 to 5,500 Mr Obama now plans to leave 8,400

:18:22.:18:25.

troops in place into next year. Maintaining our forces

:18:26.:18:31.

at the specific level, based on our assessment

:18:32.:18:36.

of the security conditions and the strength of Afghan forces,

:18:37.:18:41.

will allow us to continue to provide tailored support to help Afghan

:18:42.:18:44.

forces continue to improve. From coalition bases in Jalalabad

:18:45.:18:46.

and Kandahar we will be able to continue supporting Afghan forces

:18:47.:18:50.

on the ground and in the air and continue

:18:51.:18:56.

supporting critical Our correspondent Nick Bryant

:18:57.:19:00.

joins me in the studio. So, then Obama famously came to

:19:01.:19:12.

office promising to end the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, particularly

:19:13.:19:15.

in Afghanistan. Why is he having such difficulty ending it? He is

:19:16.:19:19.

worried that of America withdraws to the number he intended, which was

:19:20.:19:24.

5500, a long way from the 100,000 that were there during the height of

:19:25.:19:27.

the surge, there was a danger that Afghanistan could again become a

:19:28.:19:31.

safe haven for terrorists, as he put it, which it was pre-9/11. He said

:19:32.:19:37.

the security situation there was very precarious, he wanted to give

:19:38.:19:42.

US forces additional options as they worked alongside the Afghan army in

:19:43.:19:46.

trying to combat the Taliban and combating terrorism in the country.

:19:47.:19:52.

And he also pointed out that, for instance, in the last 18 months, 38

:19:53.:19:56.

American civilians and US personnel have died in Afghanistan. So the

:19:57.:20:01.

security situation there is far from stable. There is clearly a worry, in

:20:02.:20:05.

the White House and Pentagon especially, that a precipitous

:20:06.:20:08.

withdrawal would make that situation worse. So he has kind of

:20:09.:20:12.

compromised. A lot of former generals in the matadors were

:20:13.:20:15.

calling for a freeze. He has not done that, but a small reduction in

:20:16.:20:22.

force levels, to about 8400, rather than the 5500 he was aiming for.

:20:23.:20:26.

And the UN estimates that the Taliban now controls more territory

:20:27.:20:30.

in Afghanistan than at any time since 2001. Does the White House

:20:31.:20:34.

have anything to say about that? What is edgily called for today is a

:20:35.:20:38.

political settlement in Afghanistan, involving the Taliban. A couple of

:20:39.:20:42.

invitations had been given to the Taliban. America is working

:20:43.:20:45.

alongside the Afghan government, China and Pakistan in trying to get

:20:46.:20:49.

the Taliban to the negotiating table. But those two invitations

:20:50.:20:55.

have been rebuffed by the Taliban. Perhaps some of the preconditions or

:20:56.:20:58.

demands America have made are just too tough for the Taliban. They have

:20:59.:21:02.

called for them to denounce violence, to adopt the Afghan

:21:03.:21:06.

constitution, with all its protections for women and

:21:07.:21:09.

minorities, so they want a political process, but again, it seems very

:21:10.:21:12.

far off at the moment. Thank you very much for joining us.

:21:13.:21:15.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:21:16.:21:17.

The US Justice Department will investigate the fatal shooting

:21:18.:21:19.

by police of a black man in the city of Baton Rouge,

:21:20.:21:22.

There have been protests overnight after a video emerged showing two

:21:23.:21:26.

white policemen apparently holding the man down and shooting him.

:21:27.:21:28.

The police say they were responding to an allegation that the suspect

:21:29.:21:31.

The pound has hit a fresh 31-year low against the dollar as worries

:21:32.:21:35.

over the UK's exit from the European Union continue

:21:36.:21:38.

At one point, it dropped below $1.28 before rebounding to $1.29.

:21:39.:21:44.

Analysts blamed warnings from the Bank of England that Brexit

:21:45.:21:46.

A court in Spain has sentenced the Argentina and Barcelona

:21:47.:21:52.

footballer, Lionel Messi, to twenty-one months in prison

:21:53.:21:54.

The striker was fined more than two million dollars.

:21:55.:21:59.

His father, Jorge, was also sentenced to prison.

:22:00.:22:02.

Neither is expected to serve any time in jail as under Spanish law,

:22:03.:22:05.

short prison sentences are usually suspended.

:22:06.:22:11.

The South African athlete has been sentenced to six years in prison

:22:12.:22:19.

for the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in 2013.

:22:20.:22:21.

Last year, the court overturned his original conviction

:22:22.:22:23.

for manslaughter, instead finding him guilty of murder.

:22:24.:22:25.

Our correspondent Karen Allen reports from Pretoria.

:22:26.:22:30.

An undignified end for a fallen hero.

:22:31.:22:33.

Oscar Pistorius is led away to jail to begin his six-year sentence,

:22:34.:22:36.

For the father of Reeva Steenkamp, whose

:22:37.:22:44.

testimony revealed how his life had been torn apart,

:22:45.:22:46.

Inside a packed courtroom, a sense of hushed

:22:47.:22:53.

expectation as the judge said she had to strike a balance between

:22:54.:22:56.

deterrence, punishment and the seriousness of the crime.

:22:57.:23:00.

By its very nature, punishment is unpleasant, it is

:23:01.:23:04.

uncomfortable, it is painful and it's inconvenient.

:23:05.:23:09.

It is certainly not what you love to do.

:23:10.:23:14.

In the result, the sentence that I impose on the accused for the

:23:15.:23:23.

murder, dolus eventualis, of the deceased, that

:23:24.:23:27.

is Reeva Steenkamp, is six years imprisonment.

:23:28.:23:35.

Reeva Steenkamp's parents glance around the courtroom,

:23:36.:23:37.

almost in disbelief that this day has finally come.

:23:38.:23:40.

A six-year sentence means that Oscar Pistorius will have to serve

:23:41.:23:44.

at least three years before being eligible for parole.

:23:45.:23:47.

He begged the world to believe it had all been a

:23:48.:23:49.

terrible mistake, the judge exercising considerable discretion.

:23:50.:23:54.

Now for the grieving family of Reeva Steenkamp,

:23:55.:23:56.

And for Oscar Pistorius, a tearful embrace from his sister Amy

:23:57.:24:03.

just seconds before he's led down to the cells.

:24:04.:24:08.

It's now more than three years since this couple's fate hit the

:24:09.:24:11.

headlines after the athlete fired four shots through a closed bathroom

:24:12.:24:14.

In the court case that followed, Oscar Pistorius

:24:15.:24:20.

was found guilty of manslaughter but a year later it was converted to

:24:21.:24:24.

In an exclusive interview after court, the athlete's

:24:25.:24:30.

uncle told me Oscar Pistorius was frightened about

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If it's not frightening, I think it would still be stupid.

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If you're frightened, your senses sharpen up,

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your awareness becomes better, so frightened is good.

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This is the prison where Oscar Pistorius

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has already spent time for manslaughter.

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Today marks the closing chapter of what has been

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Oscar Pistorius, once a sporting legend, haunted by

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a sense of remorse, now disappeared from public view the service time.

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a sense of remorse, now disappeared from public view to serve his time.

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Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair has delivered a strong defence

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of the 2003 Iraq War in response to a long-awaited report by a public

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enquiry. At a news conference, Mr Blair insisted he had not misled the

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country or lied to it. Mr Blair said he took full responsibility for any

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mistakes without exception and without excuse.

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The enquiry has found that the decision to go to war was based on

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flawed intelligence and wasn't properly discussed with the British

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Cabinet. It said there had been no imminent

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threat from Iraq's then leader Saddam Hussein, and peaceful options

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for disarming its government had not been exhausted.

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From me, Laura Trevelyan, and the rest of the team, goodbye.

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Good evening. Many of us had a fine day today. You may have noticed some

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spectacular cloud formations, with examples of these wispy clouds in

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the atmosphere. In the short-term, weather fronts I were racing in our

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direction, spelling some rain, but not an awful lot. In

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