19/07/2016 World News Today


19/07/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with Geeta Guru Murthy.

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The International Olympic Committee is taking legal advice

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on whether it can ban the entire Russia team from the Rio Games.

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Will the Russian flag be flying at the Games after a damning report

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into widespread state-sponsored doping by Moscow?

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Sounds familiar - claims that Donald Trump's wife

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Melania lifted passages from Michelle Obama's

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To know that your achievements with the Hyatt of your dreams and your

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willingness to work hard from them. Also coming up, the German

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train axe attack - the so-called Islamic State group

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releases a video showing the teenager who carried out an axe

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attack aboard a train in Germany. American actress and Ghostbusters

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star Leslie Jones leaves Twitter after being flooded with racist

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abuse. With just three weeks to go

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until the Olympics in Rio, the International Olympic Committee

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is seeking urgent legal advice on the possibility of banning

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all Russian athletes from the games. It follows an independent report

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detailing a comprehensive state-run doping programme at the Winter

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olympics in Russia back in 2014. The IOC has ruled that all Russian

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athletes who competed in Sochi must now have their samples

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re-tested for doping. Russia's track and field athletes

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are already barred Our Moscow correspondent

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Steve Rosenberg has more. With little more than two

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weeks to go until Rio, we still don't know if there will be

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a Russian team at the Olympic Games. The world anti-doping agency says

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Russia should be kept away for systematically cheating

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in world sport through Today, the International

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Olympic Committee met The IOC says it will now explore

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legal options for a possible ban Not everyone outside

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Russia supports the idea. I think what primarily has to happen

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is we ought to look at those individual athletes who have been

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caught, ban those athletes, redistribute the medals,

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reorganise the medals table, but an outright ban of Russia,

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I don't think is the most Here in Russia, people we spoke

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to suspect foul play by the West. TRANSLATION: This is

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a plot by the Americans. There are no facts in

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the report, Tatiana says. Just trying to put pressure

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on Russia. They are on their marks

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and all set for Rio. But will any of these Russian

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swimmers be allowed This event outside Moscow

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was supposed to be a final run But right now, Rio was feeling

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a long way off. We train hard and put in the effort

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that the decision on whether we go to the Olympics

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does not depend on us. It is interesting that

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all around the swimming pool It is interesting that all around

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the swimming pool are these This one says only you bear

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responsibility for doping getting into your body and here it says

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don't drink from unchecked sources, don't accept a glass of water,

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even from one of your team members, and down at the bottom,

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don't listen to all the advice, The decision to ban the entire

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Russian Olympic team would be a personal blow to President Putin

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who likes to be seen as the most sports-friendly leader

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Russia has ever had. The Kremlin leader has brought major

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international sporting events to Russia and achieving sporting

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success has been a priority. Russia has been called a cheat

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and risks being excluded from the biggest sporting

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event in the world. It should all have been about him -

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but it was Donald Trump's wife who took centre stage on the first

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day of the Republican Mr Trump says he's "very proud"

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of the speech given by his wife Melania,

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despite claims the aspiring First Lady plagiarised whole

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passages from one by Michelle Obama. Our North American Editor Jon Sopel

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reports. The entrance of Donald Trump

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was like something out of a sci-fi movie but by the end of the evening,

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it had become a horror show. The next first lady

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of the United States. Mr John's only role

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was to introduced his Slovenian born But some of it, well,

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had a bit of a familiar ring to a speech Michelle Obama gave

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when she was hoping to be First Your word is your bond and you do

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what you say and keep your promise. That you will treat

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people with respect. That your word is your bond,

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that you do what you say you are going to do,

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that you treat people The only limit to your achievements

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is the strength of your dreams and your willingness

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to work for them. The only limit to the height

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of your achievements as they reach of your dreams and your willingness

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to work hard for them. Last night's convention

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hall triumph is today's public With Melania Trump the butt of

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Walsall 's of jokes on social media. You know the sort of thing,

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I'd like to thank my speech But this isn't about Melania Trump,

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it is about the perception of a Trump campaign

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that is chaotic and dysfunctional. And as a result, the

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recriminations are flying. A question I put to Dr Ben Carson,

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former presidential hopeful and now If they were verbatim,

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then the speech Not kicked but perhaps

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re-educated. First of all, you have

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to prove they were verbatim. But let's end with a bit more

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Melania Trump that definitely wasn't plagiarised, but now is seems

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strangely prophetic. It would not be a Trump contest

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without excitement and drama. But it was drama the Republican

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party was hoping to do Britain's new Foreign Secretary,

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Boris Johnson, has said it would take him too long to apologise

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individually to every person he insulted before he took

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up the post last week. At a joint press conference

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with his US counterpart, John Kerry, aimed to hold a joint

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face of diplomacy. Have you ever come across anybody

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quite like Boris Johnson? Our ambassador to the EU in Brussels

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who I just spent the evening with the other night had

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the privilege of going to Oxford And, in fact, Boris Johnson got him

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to come in to the Oxford union of which Boris was president

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and talk to me about that they had together

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there and he told me that this man That is the Boris Johnson I intend

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to work with and we intend to make But the questions about Mt Johnson's

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past undiplomatic comments on world leaders kept on coming,

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particularly from American journalists regarding his past

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comments on President Obama. You have accused the current US

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President of harbouring a part Kenyan's ancestral dislike for the

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British Empire. While claiming untruthfully at the time that he did

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not want a Churchill bust in the White House. He described a possible

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future US president Hillary Clinton, like a sadistic nurse in a mental

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hospital. You have also likened her to Lady Macbeth. Do you take these

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comments back? Thank you for giving me an opportunity to repeat a point

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I made earlier on. I am afraid that there is such a rich thesaurus of

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things I have said that have been one way or another through what

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alchemy I do not know... The journalist and author Quentin

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Letts is in Westminster now. It was extraordinary to watch. What

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was it like to be there? For those of us who have been to lots of Boris

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events, it was that extraordinary because that is the way he is. Epic

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the world will have some fun getting to know them. -- know him. In

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Britain he is regarded as not necessarily the most sombre at all

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serious politician, he is a bit of a comedian and that is why it has been

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rather electrifying that he has been given the job of Foreign Secretary

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in charge of our diplomacy. A rude man in charge of diplomacy! Betting

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it will work and this is why. Today, standing alongside John Kerry, Boris

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Festival looked reasonably at home, but also be heeded the near

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impossible and he made Mr Kerry look farm. Mr Kerry came to life in

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Boris's company. He is not normally a man to be very exciting. Yet the

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two of them had a certain chemistry and this is the answer with Boris,

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he does at the certain of human outreach all of his own making. As a

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result the press conference was quite interesting in a way you don't

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often get in high diplomacy. He was also accused of telling lies. Do we

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really want a Foreign Office minister very high office of State

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at a time of mass global crisis who is seen as a joke? Don't be so

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pompous. A politician who tells lies? This is no do happen! It is

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not necessarily the first time a politician may have told a few

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porkies, let's be honest. Boris is able to brush off these things in a

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way perhaps other politicians cannot. That was true possibly when

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he was mayor, when he frag did not have much power. But Foreign

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Secretary at a time when we have Iraq, Syria, the Middle East, China

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and Russia as potential rising powers, went other countries be

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utterly baffled when they look at this and think what kind of message

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is Theresa May is sending to the rest of the world? That she'd just

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not take Britain's foreign policy positions seriously? I think you can

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approach this with a surfeit of seriousness. These are jolly serious

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issues but as Boris Johnson was able to stay when he was asked about

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these things by reporters, he was able to say, look, I've said a few

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things in the past but there are more serious things to talk about.

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Syria, Yemen, and tonight he is having meetings with ministers from

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the UEA and Saudi Arabia. He was able to play that more serious thing

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you are trying to do, but do not discount the importance in diplomacy

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and politics of the public in whatever country it is actually

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plugging in an being interested by the person who is talking. Boris has

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got away with a lot in the past because he is able to use is very

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particular brand of humour. But we are at such a difficult time now. He

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went straight into his job with the turkey Q and the Nice attacks. He

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has to be able to carry very senior diplomats, carry messages that

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governments will trust and we're doing deals. Is he really the man

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for the job? Is Theresa May giving him enough rope and hoping he will

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hang? And think that is a rather trite misreading of it. If you look

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at how he responded to that terrible attack in Nice. I thought he respond

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with dignity. The words he used words sufficiently interesting to

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make his comments sound genuine. There is a danger with politicians

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that they trot out the old cliches and people switch off and say, yeah,

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we've heard it all before. But Boris is able to use words in an

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interesting way and he does it with sufficient novelty that people look

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at it and may connect their bit. This is rather radical, this is a

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new approach to international diplomacy. Which other foreign

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leaders may be interesting to see him alongside in the coming months

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and what are your thoughts about tomorrow's meeting after Reza may

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and Angela Merkel? Theresa May. Both very serious women. I was thinking

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what would happen when Boris goes to the Vatican to meet the Pope. That

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will be a whole new scenario and will be joyous to behold!

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The so-called Islamic State group has released a video that shows

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the teenager who carried out an axe attack in Germany yesterday.

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The 17 year old Afghan immigrant who carried it out was shot dead

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Four people were injured, three seriously.

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This is where the 17-year-old decided to strike, there were around

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30 passengers on board the train when he pulled out

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The scene was so gruesome that one passenger likened the inside of

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Among the injured, four members of the same family from Hong Kong.

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The emergency services spent hours at the scene, many passengers

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The attacker ran from the train when it stopped.

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He was still using his weapons when the police shot him.

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TRANSLATION: We were lucky that by chance we had some special police

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forces in the area who then chased the perpetrator.

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He was stopped and then he attacked a policeman.

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There was no other option but to shoot.

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After recovering his body, officials described him as an Afghan

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asylum seeker who came to Germany two years ago.

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He was living with a foster family nearby.

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Police say they found a hand-painted of flag of the so-called

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TRANSLATION: Naturally, given the background

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of what the attacker said yesterday on the train and when getting off

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the carriage, calling 'Allahu Akbar', this is the first

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suggestion that it could be a politically motivated deed.

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The prosecutor said the attack could have been prompted

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TRANSLATION: On Saturday before the attack, he received the news

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that a friend of his had been killed in Afghanistan.

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IS has released a video in which it names the man as Mohammed Riyadh.

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Brandishing a knife, he describes himself

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as an IS soldier preparing for a suicide mission.

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Last year, Germany welcomed more than 1 million migrants,

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The fact the attack in Bavaria was carried out by a young

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unaccompanied refugee has triggered further

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debate on how best to deal with the migrant crisis.

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As his home is searched, the police are trying to find out

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more information that would help explain what shaped

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How to keep people safe is the big challenge because it is hard to stop

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one person who is hell bent on causing bloodshed.

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Now a look at some of the days other news.

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Here in the UK, Angela Eagle has pulled out of the Labour

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She has stepped aside in favour of the only other candidate standing

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against the current leader Jeremy Corbyn.

:17:10.:17:12.

Owen Smith is Labour's former work and pensions secretary and now hopes

:17:13.:17:15.

A Brazilian judge has ordered wireless phone carriers to block

:17:16.:17:22.

access to WhatsApp indefinitely, starting on Tuesday.

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It's the third such incident against the popular phone messaging

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The reason for the order was is not known due to legal secrecy

:17:29.:17:34.

The International Monetary Fund says the British referendum vote to leave

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the European Union has depressed the world economic outlook.

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In a new report, the IMF has downgraded its forecast for global

:17:43.:17:45.

growth to three point one per cent this year and three

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point four in 2017 - a slight reduction -

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but admits it's still early to be certain.

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Well the repercussions of Brexit are being felt in other areas.

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It appears the vote to leave is already having a negative

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Scientists have told the BBC they are now being excluded

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from research projects paid for by the EU and are having to cut

:18:16.:18:19.

Our Science Correspondent Pallab Ghosh takes a closer look.

:18:20.:18:22.

British science was one of the biggest winners from member

:18:23.:18:27.

ownership of the European Union - receiving ?850 million a year.

:18:28.:18:30.

Now within weeks of the referendum, there is evidence that the money

:18:31.:18:34.

Nick Wright had planned to work alongside other European scientists

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on a number of projects to discover how stars form.

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Now, they don't want to include him because they think

:18:56.:19:02.

they won't get European funding if a British academic is involved.

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We are going to start to be frozen out of big projects,

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We will find that our collaborative in Europe are looking elsewhere

:19:08.:19:11.

for people to collaborate with them that might mean we're not

:19:12.:19:13.

at the table when big discoveries are made.

:19:14.:19:15.

This small engineering company depends on European Union money.

:19:16.:19:17.

Their latest project is to improve rocket thrusters for

:19:18.:19:20.

The firm has received grants from the European Union

:19:21.:19:23.

scientific research fund, called Horizon 2020, for decades.

:19:24.:19:25.

But following the referendum, they will have to cut two jobs.

:19:26.:19:28.

There is no more money in the pipeline.

:19:29.:19:32.

Interest from partners, European partners, for involving us

:19:33.:19:40.

Well, scientific research creates hundreds of thousands of jobs,

:19:41.:19:49.

but what is more important is that highly skilled workforce attracts

:19:50.:19:52.

some of the biggest and best companies in the world

:19:53.:19:54.

and they employ millions of people all across the country.

:19:55.:20:05.

The European Research Council which funds projects throughout

:20:06.:20:07.

And that until then European law still applied, meaning British

:20:08.:20:18.

The message today from all seven of the UK's national scientific,

:20:19.:20:25.

engineering and medical academies is that Brexit is already

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I think there is a danger that the scientific enterprise here

:20:29.:20:38.

will suffer and if that does happen, then it will affect our future

:20:39.:20:41.

The government says it will do all it can to ensure that grant

:20:42.:20:54.

applications are considered fairly, but until there is a clear post

:20:55.:20:56.

Brexit plan, British scientists are likely to lose out.

:20:57.:21:05.

The crackdown against supposed opponents of the Turkish president

:21:06.:21:09.

has now engulfed the education establishment in Turkey.

:21:10.:21:27.

Thousands of soldiers, police and judiciary have

:21:28.:21:29.

Today the purge moved to the education sector,

:21:30.:21:31.

with 21 thousand teachers suspended and 15 hundred university

:21:32.:21:34.

TV and radio stations reported to have connections

:21:35.:21:37.

with the movement founded by the US-based preacher,

:21:38.:21:38.

Fethullah Gulen have also had their licenses revoked.

:21:39.:21:40.

The BBC's Selin Girit says the scale of the crackdown has raised

:21:41.:21:43.

One, whether the coup attempt had actually

:21:44.:21:46.

bureaucracy, within the police force, the army, than initially

:21:47.:21:49.

Secondly, if these people are all supporting Gulenist

:21:50.:21:52.

movement, as the government suggests, how in the first place

:21:53.:21:56.

they were able to infiltrate in such numbers into such significant

:21:57.:21:59.

positions within the state bureaucracy and police force, and

:22:00.:22:06.

the army, and thirdly, the question is whether Mr Erdogan and the

:22:07.:22:13.

government is using this oppression of the coup attempt as an

:22:14.:22:16.

opportunity to further enhance their powers.

:22:17.:22:24.

American actress Leslie Jones, says she is leaving Twitter

:22:25.:22:27.

with 'tears and a sad heart' after being flooded

:22:28.:22:29.

The star of the new Ghostbusters film has shared some of the abusive

:22:30.:22:35.

tweets she's been sent, following the release of the film.

:22:36.:22:38.

She's accused Twitter of not doing enough to deal with online trolls.

:22:39.:22:49.

With me now is our entertainment reporter Steve Holden

:22:50.:22:51.

What is this a film? She is in a remake of Ghostbusters that was made

:22:52.:23:01.

in the 80s. The difference is that it is an all female cast. In the

:23:02.:23:05.

run-up to the film being released there was already some hate towards

:23:06.:23:09.

the film because the rules have been filled by women. She has outlined

:23:10.:23:14.

the scale of racist and misogynistic abuse she has received since

:23:15.:23:17.

appearing in the film. What tweets has she received? She has been

:23:18.:23:23.

compared to a gorilla, abusive tweets left right and centre and she

:23:24.:23:27.

is very personally explained how she is feeling talking about her

:23:28.:23:30.

personal hell, how she has tears in her eyes, how Twitter is not doing

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enough to report and block these people that are sending her the

:23:35.:23:38.

abuse. I'm astonished this is happening now in this day and age.

:23:39.:23:42.

It is absolutely incredible. The scale of it is amazing. It really

:23:43.:23:48.

is. Abuse on Twitter has been going on for years but she seems to have

:23:49.:23:52.

taken it to another level and so much so that the CEO of twitter sent

:23:53.:23:58.

her a message personally saying can you direct message me? And Twitter

:23:59.:24:03.

put out a statement saying they have taken down some of the accounts that

:24:04.:24:08.

had abused Leslie Jones, but ultimately, Twitter is a service

:24:09.:24:13.

that relies on a community. They urged people to report accounts that

:24:14.:24:17.

put forward this abuse because they can't monitor however many million

:24:18.:24:22.

accounts every day. There is a call, and urgency, for Twitter to do more.

:24:23.:24:27.

It says it is investing in more to prevent abuse from happening in the

:24:28.:24:31.

first place. Leslie Jones has really kicked the starting gun to escalate

:24:32.:24:35.

this and make twitter sit up and take notice and do something very

:24:36.:24:39.

soon. Have other actors and actresses face similar problems? She

:24:40.:24:45.

has come off twitter, she says. Yes, gay actors, female actors, black

:24:46.:24:49.

actors, any kind of famous person gets abuse on twitter because the

:24:50.:24:52.

person who is abusing does not have to reveal their name or face and it

:24:53.:24:58.

is all very secretive. Lena Dunn, the star of a TV show called Girls

:24:59.:25:07.

has highlighted the abuse she received in the past. With Leslie

:25:08.:25:11.

Jones, it has been taken up a notch because it is horrific. Anyone who

:25:12.:25:20.

has any kind of abusive message, it can be very upsetting, but can the

:25:21.:25:23.

social media agencies do more? Because it seems like so many of our

:25:24.:25:27.

countries are becoming ungovernable, never mind all this abuse simply

:25:28.:25:32.

because of social media. I know it is a massive question! I think that

:25:33.:25:38.

is the million dollar question. You can text off twitter but then they

:25:39.:25:42.

get a new e-mail address and set up a new account and the abuse

:25:43.:25:48.

continues. Is very difficult. Anti-social media, as my

:25:49.:25:49.

ten-year-old Dub said. I am on twitter, but send me

:25:50.:26:09.

Today has easily been the hottest day of

:26:10.:26:10.

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