20/07/2016 World News Today


20/07/2016

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A meeting of minds or clash of the titans?

:00:10.:00:13.

The two women key to deciding on Brexit meet - as leaders -

:00:14.:00:16.

Theresa May is in Berlin meeting Angela Merkel.

:00:17.:00:21.

We are two women who have got on, have a had a very constructive

:00:22.:00:31.

discussion and want to get on with the job, and both

:00:32.:00:33.

want to deliver the best possible results.

:00:34.:00:39.

Soldiers in the attempted coup in Turkey are brought to court -

:00:40.:00:45.

as all academics are banned from leaving the country.

:00:46.:00:47.

Also coming up, after several explanations why Melania Trump's

:00:48.:00:55.

her speech writer says it was her fault

:00:56.:00:58.

It was the hottest June around the world in modern history -

:00:59.:01:02.

are we now close to dangerous levels of climate change?

:01:03.:01:16.

The UK's new Prime Minister Theresa May has travelled to Berlin

:01:17.:01:21.

for her first overseas trip since she took office

:01:22.:01:24.

last week to meet Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel.

:01:25.:01:28.

While official negotiations about Britain's withdrawal

:01:29.:01:30.

from the European Union have been ruled out for now,

:01:31.:01:33.

it is a significant meeting for the leaders to set the tone

:01:34.:01:35.

for the difficult discussions that lie ahead.

:01:36.:01:39.

Our Deputy Political Editor, John Pienaar reports.

:01:40.:01:42.

VOICEOVER: She will have to get used to this,

:01:43.:01:48.

meeting the German leader this afternoon, looks friendly,

:01:49.:01:50.

but you would not argue with either of them,

:01:51.:01:52.

you will probably lose, somehow they will work together

:01:53.:01:54.

on a new relationship with Britain outside the EU.

:01:55.:01:57.

Personal chemistry is important and there was plenty of goodwill.

:01:58.:02:01.

I have been clear that Brexit means Brexit and the United Kingdom

:02:02.:02:14.

will make a success of it but I also want to be clear,

:02:15.:02:17.

across Europe, in the weeks ahead, that we are not walking away

:02:18.:02:20.

from European friends, Britain will remain an outward

:02:21.:02:22.

looking country and Germany will remain a vital partner

:02:23.:02:24.

TRANSLATION: Irrespective of the decision that the people

:02:25.:02:28.

of the United Kingdom have taken to leave the European Union,

:02:29.:02:32.

we are linked by very close bonds of friendship, partnership,

:02:33.:02:38.

our two countries have always acted on a basis of very clear

:02:39.:02:41.

No Prime Minister heads into PMQs without jangling nerves,

:02:42.:02:53.

she did not show it, making it look like a normal day

:02:54.:02:56.

in the office, although around Westminster, normal seems

:02:57.:02:58.

like a long time ago, started by teasing the other side

:02:59.:03:02.

I have long heard the Labour Party asking what the Conservative Party

:03:03.:03:08.

does for women, in my years in this house...

:03:09.:03:12.

Went well enough, and got better, when a veteran Leave

:03:13.:03:21.

We are leaving the EU and we are going to

:03:22.:03:28.

He wanted free trade without too many conditions.

:03:29.:03:32.

What we need to do in negotiating the deal is listen to what people

:03:33.:03:35.

have said in regards to the controls on free movement but also negotiate

:03:36.:03:40.

the right deal and the best deal of trade in goods and services

:03:41.:03:43.

Wasshe backtracking on the Tory pledge to cut migration?

:03:44.:04:00.

Can the Yorkshire be reassured that when we finally leave

:04:01.:04:02.

the European Union, she will insist upon keeping her original promise

:04:03.:04:05.

to get the immigration figures down in this country to

:04:06.:04:07.

The vote taken in this country on June 23 sent a very clear

:04:08.:04:11.

message about immigration, people want control of free

:04:12.:04:13.

Reminded of a new Foreign Secretary's under promoted

:04:14.:04:19.

His description of black people as picaninnies,

:04:20.:04:31.

and why he questioned Barack Obama on his part Kenyan heritage.

:04:32.:04:33.

Boris Johnson's past indiscretions the least of her problems,

:04:34.:04:36.

she ignored it, the big post-referendum pledge.

:04:37.:04:38.

The government I lead will be driven not by the interests

:04:39.:04:40.

of the privileged few but by everyone in this country.

:04:41.:04:44.

It was over, it had gone well, watch carefully,

:04:45.:04:46.

But fairness for all will take decades, and the job of building

:04:47.:04:54.

a new place for Britain in Europe and the world has barely begun.

:04:55.:05:09.

A senior Number 10 staffer told me that everyone is beginning

:05:10.:05:12.

to realise that Theresa is the one in charge,

:05:13.:05:14.

setting policy on Brexit but the final outcome will not be

:05:15.:05:16.

decided by Theresa May, it will emerge from hard political

:05:17.:05:19.

graft and countless negotiations over coming months and years.

:05:20.:05:21.

Getting these relationships off on the right foot is important,

:05:22.:05:23.

but it is the easy bit, and just the start, this will be

:05:24.:05:26.

a long march, it will not all be this harmonious.

:05:27.:05:30.

With me is Roger Boyes, Diplomatic Editor of the Times

:05:31.:05:32.

newspaper and former Berlin correspondent.

:05:33.:05:39.

Thank you for joining us. What do you think having seen those two

:05:40.:05:44.

formidable women together for the first time as leaders? There are

:05:45.:05:49.

very similar. They are children of the manse, the daughter of Vickers.

:05:50.:05:54.

Just as Gordon Brown was the son of a minister, there comes a certain

:05:55.:06:00.

attitude to work and duty. And a certain boring this. It all comes

:06:01.:06:07.

together into a certain attitude. It will work together well. It is

:06:08.:06:11.

whether the German national incident -- interest coincides with ours.

:06:12.:06:15.

Does it help the Theresa May initially was a remain candidate,

:06:16.:06:18.

she was not the one pushing for Brexit? At the same time, both these

:06:19.:06:23.

leaders want the best for their countries and ultimately that is the

:06:24.:06:29.

most important thing, isn't it? Theresa May being a Remainer, she

:06:30.:06:36.

ideology ice with the Germans and the rest of Europe. Dexit is only

:06:37.:06:40.

one small ingredient as far as Angela Merkel's calculations go,

:06:41.:06:46.

there will be the French presidential election which could

:06:47.:06:50.

turn out to be a success for Marie Le Pen. And the migration deal with

:06:51.:06:56.

Turkey could collapse. It is looking very vulnerable. And she has her own

:06:57.:07:02.

election in September, 2017. All this will harden attitudes. Also

:07:03.:07:06.

change attitudes towards immigration. The entire nation of

:07:07.:07:09.

the discussion with Germany will change and it will change to reflect

:07:10.:07:15.

generally's interests than hours. And this is going to be quite a

:07:16.:07:19.

complex time. Many would say this referendum came to early. What about

:07:20.:07:24.

the personality question and the women questioned, it is striking to

:07:25.:07:29.

see two women leaders, they are both fought as getting down to business,

:07:30.:07:33.

on top the detail? Theresa May showing her strength in the last

:07:34.:07:38.

week, complete cabinet reshuffle. You have followed Angela Merkel

:07:39.:07:43.

closely in Berlin, how will she play it? I do not remember one single

:07:44.:07:50.

memorable press conference with Angela Merkel out of 50 or 55 that I

:07:51.:07:57.

have gone too. She is absolutely capable of meandering, of fudging

:07:58.:08:02.

and making decisions in her own time but not in the face of the press.

:08:03.:08:08.

And that Theresa May has the same instincts then we are in for a

:08:09.:08:14.

rather back door, behind closed 's style of government. This is not

:08:15.:08:19.

going to be a very public diplomatic event. This renegotiation. Thank you

:08:20.:08:22.

very much for your time. In the United States,

:08:23.:08:26.

a member of Donald Trump's campaign staff says she is responsible

:08:27.:08:28.

for passages in a speech by Melania Trump, which resembled

:08:29.:08:32.

parts of an address given by the First Lady,

:08:33.:08:34.

Michelle Obama, in 2008. She issued a statement apologising

:08:35.:08:45.

for the entire row in the campaign. It's the latest development

:08:46.:08:49.

in the Republican National Convention - which has officially

:08:50.:08:51.

given Donald Trump its nomination The BBC's Gary O'Donoghue is there

:08:52.:08:53.

for us. The twists and turns already in this

:08:54.:09:07.

speech saga. Lanier come's appearance on Monday night would be

:09:08.:09:11.

one of the highlights of this week and it has become so but not because

:09:12.:09:15.

of the way that the trunk campaign wanted. As soon as she stepped off

:09:16.:09:21.

the page sheet -- of the stage she was accused of plagiarising Michelle

:09:22.:09:24.

Bama. Here is a comparison between the two. From a young age my parents

:09:25.:09:33.

impressed on me the values that you work hard for what you want in life.

:09:34.:09:39.

That your word is your bond. And you do what you see and keep your

:09:40.:09:44.

promise. That you treat people with respect. They showed me values and

:09:45.:09:52.

morals in the daily life. You work hard for what you want in life. That

:09:53.:09:58.

your word is your bond, that you do what you say you will do. That you

:09:59.:10:04.

treat people with dignity and respect even if you do not know them

:10:05.:10:08.

and even if you do not agree with them. We want our children in this

:10:09.:10:14.

nation to know that the only limit to your achievements is the strength

:10:15.:10:18.

of your dreams and your willingness to work for them. We want our

:10:19.:10:25.

children and all children in this nation to know that the only limit

:10:26.:10:28.

to the height of your achievements is the reach of your dreams and your

:10:29.:10:35.

willingness to work hard for them. The trunk campaign for 36 hours

:10:36.:10:43.

trying to hold the line, rejecting any suggestions of plagiarism going

:10:44.:10:47.

on. -- the Donald Trump campaign. The statement came from a speech

:10:48.:10:51.

writer and she said what happened was that in talking to Lanier Trump,

:10:52.:10:57.

she became aware she admired Mrs Obama and later for a long time. And

:10:58.:11:04.

that Milan near Trump also read out some passages from Michelle Obama's

:11:05.:11:10.

speech to heart which at a later stage became incorporated into the

:11:11.:11:15.

speech. She did not check the words of Michelle Obama herself and she

:11:16.:11:19.

apologise. She did for her resignation which the Trump campaign

:11:20.:11:25.

would not accept. We are expecting to see Donald Trump, how much do you

:11:26.:11:29.

think this entire affair has damaged his campaign? We were told that he

:11:30.:11:37.

was furious when this came out. The Trump campaign spent the last day or

:11:38.:11:43.

so time to push back on this story rather than talking about the

:11:44.:11:46.

triumph of the speech which was a good speech, it was well delivered,

:11:47.:11:53.

in an attempt to humanise Donald Trump and his candidacy, if you

:11:54.:11:56.

like. They will be glad that there has been some line drawn under this.

:11:57.:12:01.

It issued early embarrassing. It is not very professional for a start.

:12:02.:12:05.

You expect people doing speech writing at that level, that effort

:12:06.:12:10.

for the presidential campaign, to check out things properly. And

:12:11.:12:14.

Donald Trump pitches that he is 1 million miles away from the Bamas

:12:15.:12:20.

and the Clintons, he has not been in common with those people. The speech

:12:21.:12:29.

was -- speech writer has been lifting passages from Michelle Obama

:12:30.:12:33.

and it does not do him any favours. They will hope this is a flash in

:12:34.:12:37.

the pan that other things will come along to overshadow it. Such as the

:12:38.:12:41.

fact that Donald Trump is the nominee and lawmakers make his

:12:42.:12:43.

formal acceptance tomorrow night in this arena here in very much.

:12:44.:12:47.

We've got lots more on the Republican National

:12:48.:12:49.

Just go to BBC.com/US2016 or download the BBC News App.

:12:50.:12:54.

As well as all the latest updates there's also a look

:12:55.:12:57.

at Donald Trump's running mate Mike Pence who's speaking later

:12:58.:12:59.

Turkey has charged 99 generals and admirals in connection

:13:00.:13:10.

with Friday's attempted coup - just under a third of the country's

:13:11.:13:13.

The government has now banned all academics

:13:14.:13:16.

from travelling abroad, as the purge of state employees

:13:17.:13:19.

suspected of being connected to the failed coup continues.

:13:20.:13:23.

So far more than 50,000 people have been rounded up,

:13:24.:13:26.

Mark Lowen reports from Istanbul - you may find some images at

:13:27.:13:30.

street attempting to die for democracy. He threw stones and in

:13:31.:13:51.

himself in front of a tank to stop it. Unbelievably, he picked himself

:13:52.:13:55.

up and another rebel tank approaches. Again he is prepared to

:13:56.:14:00.

sacrifice himself. Again, he survives. Injured but defiant. He

:14:01.:14:05.

says it was a duty to defend his country and the president.

:14:06.:14:09.

TRANSLATION: We heard the tanks were approaching while firing,

:14:10.:14:16.

all I could do was respond with the three stones that I had,

:14:17.:14:19.

God protected our president, without the 15 minute he had

:14:20.:14:23.

to escape, it would have been a disaster.

:14:24.:14:28.

Turkey almost slipped from President Erdogan's grasp.

:14:29.:14:35.

Discussing urgent solutions with the Security Council.

:14:36.:14:43.

Expected to widen the post coup crack down.

:14:44.:14:46.

Dragged to court, the men who tried and failed to get

:14:47.:14:49.

13 soldiers who raided his hotel minutes after he had fled.

:14:50.:14:57.

The crowd shouts for the death penalty.

:14:58.:15:04.

Victor's justice becoming dangerously close to mob violence.

:15:05.:15:16.

Another 35,000 employees have been suspended.

:15:17.:15:20.

It seems a Conservative government is classing with secular,

:15:21.:15:22.

Every dean or university professor we have spoken to by phone has been

:15:23.:15:31.

too afraid to go on camera, fearing that any critical comments

:15:32.:15:34.

by an academic might be used to round them up.

:15:35.:15:36.

Free speech and thought are cherished by these universities,

:15:37.:15:38.

but the worry is that after the coup, Turkey

:15:39.:15:41.

The students we found felt divided. Deflation Mac if it has infiltrated

:15:42.:15:52.

within the university then the government would want to cleanse

:15:53.:15:55.

them out as the dead in the army or the Interior Ministry. All students

:15:56.:16:04.

will be concerned. The education system will collapse. Students will

:16:05.:16:08.

be prejudiced against those new deans, they will see the

:16:09.:16:12.

pro-government and will now give me a pro-government education.

:16:13.:16:21.

Government supporters on the Bosphorus today.

:16:22.:16:23.

But they mask the fear that an emboldened president

:16:24.:16:25.

is using what could be a moment of reconciliation to

:16:26.:16:27.

Professor Alpaslan Ozerdem is the Co-Director of Centre for Trust,

:16:28.:16:31.

Peace and Social Relations at the University of Coventry.

:16:32.:16:34.

He joins us via webcam from Mugla, in South-Western Turkey.

:16:35.:16:41.

Thank you for joining us. Have you spoken to any academics who are

:16:42.:16:49.

faced with this band? What is your reaction to what the government is

:16:50.:17:00.

doing? I have spoken to academics. There is an overall feeling of

:17:01.:17:04.

anxiety with academics. The country is going through a fast changing

:17:05.:17:08.

process as you know since the failed military coup. There is a sense of

:17:09.:17:16.

unknown at the moment. Over the next few days, they will be a better

:17:17.:17:20.

understanding of what is waiting for Turkey.

:17:21.:17:33.

There are private schools in Turkey for a number of years. I am sorry...

:17:34.:17:52.

The line is breaking up. Can you still heroes? We will have to leave

:17:53.:18:02.

it, we are having a break-up on that line. Thank you very much for

:18:03.:18:08.

joining us. Seeing some pictures, a very fluid situation in Turkey and

:18:09.:18:09.

we will keep you updated. Now a look at some of

:18:10.:18:11.

the day's other news. Police in Brussels have arrested

:18:12.:18:14.

a man accused of wearing a fake suicide vest,

:18:15.:18:16.

in an incident that led The alert was triggered

:18:17.:18:18.

when a security guard reported seeing a man wearing a long winter

:18:19.:18:23.

coat with wires sticking out - on one of the hottest

:18:24.:18:26.

days of the year so far. The US Justice Department is looking

:18:27.:18:31.

to seize more than a billion dollars in assets as part

:18:32.:18:34.

of its investigation It claims the money came from 1MDB,

:18:35.:18:36.

a fund set up and overseen But he's not directly named

:18:37.:18:42.

in the lawsuit and has Firefighters have put out a huge

:18:43.:18:47.

fire that engulfed the middle of a 75 storey residential

:18:48.:18:58.

tower in Dubai. Flames and smoke were seen billowing

:18:59.:19:00.

from windows high up This is the fifth time in recent

:19:01.:19:02.

years that a fire has broken out in a skyscraper in the

:19:03.:19:08.

United Arab Emirates. Persistent heavy rain has disrupted

:19:09.:19:11.

the Chinese capital, Beijing, with hundreds of flights cancelled

:19:12.:19:13.

and some subway stations shut. All major rivers have reportedly

:19:14.:19:16.

breached their banks and the government has issued

:19:17.:19:19.

an orange alert, the second highest Large parts of central and eastern

:19:20.:19:22.

China have been inundated with rain this summer,

:19:23.:19:25.

killing more than 200 people. Russia's Olympic Committee has ruled

:19:26.:19:29.

out a boycott of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio

:19:30.:19:32.

following a report which accuses the Russian sports ministry

:19:33.:19:35.

of overseeing a programme of doping. The International Olympic Committee

:19:36.:19:39.

is considering whether to impose The head of Russia's committee went

:19:40.:19:41.

ahead with confirming the squad while its ultimate fate is yet

:19:42.:19:48.

to be decided. TRANSLATION: I am sure you have been

:19:49.:19:52.

closely monitoring the events that It is in these circumstances

:19:53.:19:55.

that the final line-up of the Russian Olympic team

:19:56.:19:59.

is being confirmed. Even though the games start in less

:20:00.:20:02.

than two weeks, quite a lot I am sure you were following

:20:03.:20:05.

the Court of Arbitration meeting They are looking into the claims

:20:06.:20:09.

against the Russian Olympic Committee and 68 individual

:20:10.:20:14.

Russian athletes. The hearing was yesterday

:20:15.:20:16.

and the decision will probably This decision will be crucial

:20:17.:20:18.

in determining whether our athletes will be able to take part

:20:19.:20:24.

in the Olympic Games. Sir Elton John has

:20:25.:20:29.

spoken passionately at the International Aids Conference

:20:30.:20:30.

in South Africa about the need to unite in the fight

:20:31.:20:33.

against the disease. One thousand people are infected

:20:34.:20:35.

every day in South Africa, Microsoft co-founder

:20:36.:20:37.

and philanthropist Bill Gates was also among the high profile

:20:38.:20:44.

speakers today, but let's listen If you give people love

:20:45.:20:46.

and compassion and you include them like LGBT people,

:20:47.:20:53.

like intravenous drug users, like sex workers,

:20:54.:20:57.

like transgender people, You leave no one behind

:20:58.:21:00.

in the human race. If you don't then this campaign

:21:01.:21:03.

to end Aids will be a disaster. I am an optimist that we can bring

:21:04.:21:10.

around the end of Aids. I am an optimist about

:21:11.:21:20.

the incredible dedication All of those strengths, all of those

:21:21.:21:23.

people who are committed to this. Only by doing that in the way

:21:24.:21:34.

that it is proving more difficult than we expected,

:21:35.:21:37.

but if we do that, then we can turn this promise of an Aids-free world

:21:38.:21:40.

from an aspiration into a reality. It's the time of year when -

:21:41.:21:47.

in the northern hemisphere summer months at least -

:21:48.:21:50.

we often complain about how it is. And we all know there's

:21:51.:21:53.

trend for temperatures Last month was the hottest June

:21:54.:21:56.

around the world in modern history - a record that's been broken

:21:57.:22:03.

for 14 consecutive months. Climate experts say it is part

:22:04.:22:06.

of a worrying trend, as our Science Editor,

:22:07.:22:10.

David Shukman, explains. This marked the end of our

:22:11.:22:16.

very brief heatwave. And this comes as scientists reports

:22:17.:22:28.

that the world as a whole is seeing a record rise in temperatures,

:22:29.:22:32.

producing a wide range of impact. In California, firefighters

:22:33.:22:35.

struggle with blazes pushing A heatwave has hit much

:22:36.:22:38.

of continental Europe this week. This boy in Spain

:22:39.:22:46.

tries to stay cool. And many tropical coral reefs have

:22:47.:22:50.

turned white, what's called bleaching, as the waters

:22:51.:22:53.

get too warm for them. So what do the latest figures

:22:54.:22:57.

about rising temperatures tell us about a planet

:22:58.:22:59.

that is getting hotter? This graph from the American weather

:23:00.:23:05.

agency shows the period January Below average in the first-half

:23:06.:23:08.

of the century, and then In the past six months

:23:09.:23:13.

it was more than a degree If we take a closer look,

:23:14.:23:19.

we can see why scientists are surprised at the scale

:23:20.:23:22.

of the increase. They say this is partly driven

:23:23.:23:25.

by the weather pattern El Nino, with warm water in the eastern

:23:26.:23:29.

Pacific, but also by the greenhouse gases from our pollution,

:23:30.:23:34.

which the Paris Agreement on climate Scientists researching the climate

:23:35.:23:37.

say that they have been warning for years that unless those

:23:38.:23:42.

greenhouse gases are cut, And the impacts are likely

:23:43.:23:46.

to become more severe. I think we are scarily close

:23:47.:23:51.

to dangerous levels We have a Paris Agreement now that

:23:52.:23:53.

says we should not be exceeding 1.5 centigrade of climate change

:23:54.:23:59.

but unless we start removing emissions over the next decade

:24:00.:24:04.

or so, that is a threshold that The fear is of more scenes

:24:05.:24:06.

like this, extreme weather It made this town

:24:07.:24:10.

look like a war zone. Scientists say a warmer world is set

:24:11.:24:15.

to see more violent rainfall and this year is on course to be

:24:16.:24:21.

the hottest on record. We will show you a little bit from

:24:22.:24:37.

the Republican convention. You can spot Donald Trump in the middle, he

:24:38.:24:42.

has appeared and said some words with his newly announced running

:24:43.:24:47.

mate. In the last hour or so, we've had an explanation about the speech

:24:48.:24:56.

given by his wife. Speechwriter apparently that Mrs Trump had read

:24:57.:25:00.

out some of Michelle Obama's speech from 2008. The speech writer had

:25:01.:25:05.

copied down some of the phrases and put it into the final speech this

:25:06.:25:13.

week. Nobody had realised in the team about the remarkable

:25:14.:25:15.

similarities. The speech writer offered her resignation but the team

:25:16.:25:21.

of Donald Trump did not accept that. Donald Trump been barrage by cameras

:25:22.:25:28.

and hands. Everybody wanting a shot of the new Republican presidential

:25:29.:25:34.

nominee. It is confirmed in the United States at the Republican

:25:35.:25:38.

convention. We will hear from Mike pence later today at the convention.

:25:39.:25:48.

And from Donald Trump himself. You can see the melee surrounding Donald

:25:49.:25:52.

Trump. The start of this campaign has been overshadowed by the chaos

:25:53.:25:57.

around the speech of Mrs Trump. They will want to put that behind them.

:25:58.:26:00.

We will keep you up-to-date on BBC News.

:26:01.:26:07.

Some places got into the low 30s again today and some of that humid

:26:08.:26:15.

air lingering in eastern areas. By tomorrow, most people will have a

:26:16.:26:20.

fresh appeal. A mixture of sunshine and showers. The weather

:26:21.:26:22.

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