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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Gianonne.
No compromise on her stance on immigration.
Angela Merkel promises to do everything to protect Germany
from attackers acting in the name of the Islamic State group,
but insists stopping migrants entering the country
TRANSLATION: They want to spread hatred and fear between the
cultures, and they want to spread hatred between the religions. We
stand this I simply against this. -- decisively against this.
President Barack Obama delivers a stirring speech at the Democratic
convention as Hillary Clinton prepares to address supporters
and officially accept the party's nomination.
Scientists discover a new type of antibiotic,
literally under - or UP - their noses.
Also coming up: We meet a Syrian teenager who swam part of the way
to Greece and now wants to swim in the Olympics.
We start in Germany, where despite a string of recent
terror attacks linked to asylum-seekers, German Chancellor
Angela Merkel has insisted she won't abandon her policy
It follows Germany's promise last year to provide shelter to thousands
The country has now taken in more than a million people.
The Chancellor has come under increasing pressure since then,
after claims of sex attacks in Cologne at New Year,
and most recently, the fatal terror attacks linked to asylum-seekers.
But Angela Merkel is standing firm on her migrant policy.
Well, the BBC's Chris Buckler has been in the Bavarian town
TRANSLATION: The terrorists want us to lose the focus on the things that
are necessary. They want to undermine our solidarity and our
togetherness. They want to damage our way of life, our openness, and
yes, our readiness to take in people in distress. Our correspondent has
been in the Bavarian town of Landshut, which has seen a
significant influx of refugees. Bavaria prides itself
on being a welcoming place, but in Germany's largest state,
there is increasing unease about Angela Merkel's so-called
open-door policy towards those not coming for
a holiday, but to make a new life. The two English words
within Landshut's name might give There are people who want tighter
controls on who enters this land. TRANSLATION: I'm in favour
of an integration law that has more controls and gives people
opportunities for the future. That must be a requirement,
and that's why we as Bavarians differ somewhat from
the government in Berlin. Earlier this year, in protest
at the pressure on resources here, this region's mayor loaded up a bus
of refugees and send them to Chancellor Merkel's official
residence in Berlin. While the flow of people has eased,
there are still many in this town waiting to be given asylum status,
and therefore, still This man asks for his face not to be
shown, because he has relatives But the process of approving
asylum takes time. It's struggling to cope,
like some of the families Our fears, you are
in the same place. There's clear frustration,
and after recent attacks involving There are a lot of people that have
criminal records in their country before they come here,
so what do you expect of them? When they come here,
they become idle, they possess that There are many who feel
there should be more checks, particularly with so many headlines
about terror, and today, Chancellor Merkel did propose
measures to improve security. But to the frustration of right-wing
parties, she said her asylum TRANSLATION: The events of the last
week are a wake-up call to people. The warnings our party have
given our proven to be true. The warnings our party have given
have proven to be true. It's an incredibly small number
who threaten this society. The vast majority simply
want to be a part of it. But there's a growing distance
between Berlin and Bavaria about how to deal with the worries
over fear and finances, and that could leave
this country less open. It's the final day of
the Democratic National Convention and Hillary Clinton's big chance
to convince delegates and voters Barack Obama has already
given his seal of approval for Hillary Clinton as the best
person to replace him He told the convention
in Philadelphia that there has never been anyone more qualified
to serve as president. Let's head over to Philadelphia now
and talk to Carlos Watson who is the CEO of ozy.com,
a daily digital magazine. Carlos Watson, welcome. It is going
to be a tough act to follow, having Barack Obama make that speech last
night? I think indeed. In fact, I think it was President Obama's best
speech ever, which is saying a lark, given his skills as an orator. That
good? I think it was that good. You should have seen the crowd here. It
was quite impressive. He was both able to elevate Secretary Clinton,
and also, I think, really painted a picture of Donald Trump but I think
could end up being helpful to Clinton as she appeals to
independently macro and maybe even disaffected Republicans.
What exactly is she going to have to sell to night? What is she going to
focus on? What are her selling points?
I think she also has a very similar job, in some ways, which again, as
many of the speakers have done, she has got to go after Donald Trump
head on, and whether she calls him a demagogue or says he has no clue or
says he is not very conservative, I think she has got to do that. But I
think the other important piece is a vision, or as George HW Bush once
put it, "The vision thing". And I think laying out a compelling agenda
for what the years of the Clinton presidency, or 2-term presidency,
would mean, is going to be really critical, give people something to
hold onto. I think we will also get a bit more of her biography, though
she may allow their daughter, along with her husband a few nights ago,
to do the bulk of that. Interesting. And we saw bringing in the rest of
the family at the Republican convention as well. How the
effective you think that is only tactic?
I think it was certainly helpful and the polls are Donald Trump. I think
not only his daughter M, but even the love that his wife Melania made,
so I think for Secretary Clinton, it is important that the people who are
speaking, maybe the most important family member, someone who is no
longer with us, is her mother. I think a mother is so much of the
reason she has been involved in politics. It has been a guiding
light fire, and yet I don't think that people know enough about a
mother or her mother's story. I would not be surprised if Secretary
Clinton spend a lot of time on that family member in the course of
headline speech. That is interesting. You mentioned a
Republican bounce. How much is that worrying the Democratic party, and
how much will that feed into the negativity, trying to talk Trump
down, how much will they balance that with positivity about what they
should vote for in Hillary Clinton? I think there is no doubt, even the
Democrats won't say it out loud, they are worried. Many looked at the
convention last week in Cleveland and thought, as opposed to getting a
bounce, in fact, trump might receive a little bit, given the flock that
Melania had, given some of the other drama, including Ted Cruz. So I
think they were frankly caught off guard, even though most of them will
now say, that is what you would expect. So let's see what Secretary
Clinton walked away with from this convention. You will remember back
in 9080, one of the best convention bounces we have ever seen when to be
Democratic nominee, Michael Dukakis, who exited up 17 points. I don't
bite back, but I think it Secretary Clinton in some of the unusual swing
states, places like Georgia, where she is within five points right now,
North Carolina, where she is closer, and Missouri, where she is better
back then we would expect, if she can help results in some of those
places, they would be wildly excited.
Carlos Watson, thank you very much. We appreciate your time.
Might later, thank you. There is a lot more on the Democratic national
convention. It is all on our website, and there is the latest in
what has been going on, all the speeches and reactions of those
speeches. Two of Turkey's highest ranking
generals are reported to have resigned, following the coup attempt
earlier this month. It comes a day after more than 1,500
military personnel were sacked for their alleged roles
in the failed uprising. More than 130 media outlets
were ordered to be shut down on Wednesday as the Turkish
government continues its crackdown. Our correspondent Mark
Lowen is in Istanbul. Mark, how far reaching are we seeing
this latest crackdown is? It is staggeringly widespread,
really, when you look at most every sector of society that is being
affected. From media, as you say, 131 media outlets will be closed
down, to the military. Almost half the generals and admirals in the
country have been discharged. To the police, the judiciary, civil
society, NGOs, even Turkish Airlines, 250 cabin crew dismissed.
All of these people, tens of thousands now, either detained,
dismissed or suspended, suspected of either backing the coup or backing
the alleged mastermind, Fetullah Gulen, this cleric who has been
living in self-imposed exile in the US since 1999. He denied any
complicity or involvement at all in this clue, but it is clearly showing
that the government is trying to root out what it calls a virus, and
really, the Gulenist implements, the movement of him and his followers in
every part of society, is very well known here. It has spread its
tentacles throughout Turkish society. The evening says it is a
peaceful, interfaith movement, but critics and the government say it is
a dangerous sect. A dangerous cult that needs to be rooted out.
So many dismissals and detentions that you mentioned. One wonders how
much further might president to do and be prepared to go?
Bat President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Reports night that he wants to bring
the military and intelligence under his direct control, moving from the
Prime Minister to the presidency. That would certainly enhance his
control and command on the country, and it has long been his aim to
create a sort of executive presidency here, a much more
powerful presidency, but that would require constitutional amendments,
so he would need to go to Parliament and at the opposition supporters
well. The government insists that the operation is only against those
who have proven connections to the coup attempt to weeks ago, but the
critics say that actually, this is an attempt by the government to
round up all opponents, all enemies, and group them together and detain
or dismiss them. So the criticism from Western governments continues,
but the government here says, look, this is as going after those who
tried to murder their way into power, and it is really the
repercussions of the most traumatic two weeks in Turkey's modern
history. Nearly two weeks in deed. What
difference has is made to daily life in Turkey? Howlers does it feel
different? Well, on the surface, cities like
Istanbul continue as normal. This is a bustling, vibrant, cosmopolitan
city where people go around and drink their espressos in the
morning, go shopping in the afternoon, and might go to one of
the five times that they pray as well. But of course, this is
absolutely rooted every element of society here. So many arrests at,
detentions and dismissals, and also a fear among those who feel they are
targeted, that they could be next. That said, Turks have united against
the coup, so even though they are still divided over their president,
they largely feel that a president who has his faults, in the eyes of
some critics, is better, certainly, than a military takeover of Turkey
in 2016. Thank you, Mark. Now a look at some of
the day's other news. French investigators have used DNA
to formally identify the second of the two young men who killed
an elderly priest on Tuesday. Police had received a tip-off
from a foreign agency warning that 19-year-old Abdelmalik Petitjean
was preparing an attack. At least 75 people have been killed
and several others are still missing after heavy monsoon rains triggered
floods and landslides in Nepal. Thousands of people have been
displaced with many houses swept There has also been severe
flooding in parts of India, Health officials in Florida
are investigating four new cases of Zika infection that do not appear
to be linked to travel This has raised the possibility
that the virus is being spread The virus can cause severe
brain defects in newborns. The UK's Lloyds Banking Group has
announced it's going to cut 3,000 Pope Francis has suffered a minor
fall as he celebrated mass before huge crowds at Poland's holiest
Catholic site, the The Pontiff was helped quickly
to his feet and didn't appear hurt. Later, about half a million people
attended an open air ceremony The UK's Lloyds Banking Group has
announced it's going to cut 3,000 jobs and shut 200 branches
by the end of 2017. The bank has justified the move,
saying it now expects interest rates Lloyds, which is part state-owned,
also warned that uncertainty after the UK's vote to leave
the European Union could affect In Syria, one of the country's most
powerful rebel groups, the al-Nusra Front, has announced it is breaking
its linked with Al-Qaeda and changing its name. In a recorded
message, the group's leader said it would now be known as "The front for
the conquest of Syria". It is understood the group hopes to form
closer alliances with other Islamist organisations fighting within Syria.
Analysts say they decided to rebrand themselves after Russia and the US
decided to step up their military efforts against them.
Scientists have discovered a new type of antibiotic,
It's found INSIDE the human nose, potentially useful
against harmful bacteria - including the superbug MRSA.
New antibiotics are urgently needed to battle drug resistant infections,
and scientists say the human body could be an untapped
Our Science Editor David Shukman has the story.
Over billions of years, bacteria have kept evolving,
and recently, some have adapted to resist antibiotics.
They have become virtually unstoppable, and the infection
The life-saving drug that has revolutionised medical science.
Penicillin was the first antibiotic, an invention that save millions
of lives, but since then, researchers struggled
to come up with new weapons against the most dangerous bacteria.
It is very significant, because when we have been looking
for antibiotics in the past, we have either been trained to make
these in the laboratory using chemistry, all we've gone out
these in the laboratory using chemistry, or we've gone out
into the environment, particularly to look
So this is really the first report, or one of the early reports,
of finding antibiotics actually in our bodies.
Superbugs that can be defeated by antibiotics
are a growing threat, so this discovery could in future
It starts, rather bizarrely, inside the nose.
Now, this isn't a pleasant thought, but lots of different bacteria exist
One of them can cause MRSA, but it turns out another kind
That's the key finding from the scientists in Germany.
They also found that one gene in that microbe produces a substance
that they have called lugdunin, and when they gave that in mice,
they swore that it actually helps to resist infections.
So this really does create what could become
Developing new drugs is never a rapid process.
It may be at least a decade before this discovery
is actually turned into a real medicine.
Whee! Well done!
But for Emily Morris, top can't come soon enough.
She's well now, but keeps getting serious infections that
put her in hospital, and options are running out.
There will be a time, and I am expecting the time
when they say that they can't treat this one, and it's what happens
then, really, so that's why me and my family are really worried.
But yeah, hopefully, the new technologies
and things like that will look at more positive things.
The real surprise is where this new antibiotic has been found.
Until now, no one thought the human nose would be harbouring
useful bacteria that could defeat the dangerous ones.
But given the emerging threat of superbugs,
all that matters is that we find something that does beat them.
A year ago, the Dominican Republic passed a controversial law over
the deportation of undocumented Haitians and their families.
More than 100,000 people have either been forcibly removed or returned
voluntarily from the country, including many who were born
in the DR itself, and have spent months living in refugee camps along
the border in harrowing conditions. Will Grant visited one of the camps.
Weekly mass at Park Kado is a simple affair.
A handful of migrants make of the congregation, celebrating
A handful of migrants make up the congregation, celebrating
But when you look around a refugee camp, it seems they have
This is one of the poorest places in Latin America.
At the height of the crisis a year ago, Park Kado was home to thousands
of Haitian refugees who'd returned from the Dominican Republic
Today, hundreds of families still remain here, trapped
This man and his family lived in the Dominican Republic the 22
Two of his children were left behind when he was deported last year,
and now, even the youngest must pitch in for their
The only way to survive is by cutting down trees
on the other side of the border to make charcoal, he says.
He then sells the fuel to traders for a couple
This is the world's forgotten migrant crisis.
Many of the Haitians who were forced back here under the new policy say
they or their children were actually born on the other side
of the border, and they say the NGOs who turned out in their droves
after the 2010 earthquake today are nowhere to be seen.
The one local figure taking a lead in helping the returnees
Father Luke has distributed food provided by the International
Organisation for Migration, and helped re-house
TRANSLATION: This is a racist policy promoted by powerful
man in Santo Domingo, and rarely do powerful men work
In the capital, Port-au-Prince, the political situation
Fresh elections are due in October, but in the meantime,
the interim leadership have no solutions to the refugee crisis.
TRANSLATION: Haitians leave Haiti because the country can't offer them
opportunities, access to work, or decent living conditions.
Over the last 30 years, we have been living
through political crisis, and after each election,
He takes me to the border between Haiti and the DR,
He explains how they cross at night to avoid detection,
in order to gather the firewood needed for charcoal.
The name Park Kado means "gift ranch" in Creole,
a reference to the once fertile land.
But today, the conditions awaiting the returnees to Haiti
All this week on the BBC, we've been following refugees
who are aiming to compete at the Rio Olympics as members
18-year-old Yusra Mardini fled Syria for Turkey, and as she was trying
to reach Europe, the small dinghy she was in started to sink,
so she and her sister had to swim part of the way to Greece.
After several months in Germany, she's now hoping to
When you are in the water, you don't think about anything. You just throw
all your problems or anything that is happening over the water. It is a
completely different world, to me. Sometimes, the water was cold. We
didn't have anything to warm it up, or there was pumping or something
like that, or the streets are dangerous, so sometimes, you could
not train. The boat was... I think it was not
good. The motor stopped. Then they said someone would have to go into
the water. My sister jumped in. She did not let me go to the water, but
after that, I jumped from the other side. Of course, we were scared, but
we had to try. It is the same, maybe I am going to die on the way, but I
am almost dead in my country. My life was just passing through my
eyes. Yes, it was cold. We said that it would be a shame
that we would die in the water, and we are swimmers.
In the camp, there was a really nice man who was the translator. He was
from Egypt, actually. I told him that I am a swimmer. I did that, I
went there, and he was like, really? You will be a good swimmer. And I
said, yes, I swim, just find me a club. He found me a club, they saw
our technique, and it was good, so they accepted us.
Yes, first they came here, the language was hard, and I didn't know
anyone. After that, I learned people, slowly, slowly.
You look much more nice than the! For the short time she is learning
German, she is smart! Sometimes, it is hard for her to pronounce some
words, like a famous shopping street. It is called Schlossstrasse.
I have friends, my school, I am going out, I have my family tambien.
They will never be like my home country, but it is amazing as well.
I want to be an inspiration for everyone, and I want to help
refugees. Life will move on, life will not stop for you because you
have pain. You have to move on and worked on everything.
18-year-old Yusra Mardini, from Syria, now living in Germany.
Now, just some pictures to finish with.
A rocket carrying a US spy satellite has blasted off from Florida.
The Atlas FIVE rocket lifted off in perfect weather conditions
from Cape Canaveral and headed into space without incident.
The satellite is owned by the National Reconnaissance Office,
which is a US government agency in charge of supporting
the intelligence community and Department of Defence.
If you want to get in touch with us here at BBC World News,
And I'm @KarinBBC on Twitter. You can also find us on Facebook.
But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
Hello there. We have a weather system moving southwards and
eastwards across the UK. It will bring