28/07/2016 World News Today


28/07/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Gianonne.

:00:00.:00:07.

No compromise on her stance on immigration.

:00:08.:00:09.

Angela Merkel promises to do everything to protect Germany

:00:10.:00:12.

from attackers acting in the name of the Islamic State group,

:00:13.:00:16.

but insists stopping migrants entering the country

:00:17.:00:18.

TRANSLATION: They want to spread hatred and fear between the

:00:19.:00:30.

cultures, and they want to spread hatred between the religions. We

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stand this I simply against this. -- decisively against this.

:00:37.:00:37.

President Barack Obama delivers a stirring speech at the Democratic

:00:38.:00:40.

convention as Hillary Clinton prepares to address supporters

:00:41.:00:41.

and officially accept the party's nomination.

:00:42.:00:43.

Scientists discover a new type of antibiotic,

:00:44.:00:45.

literally under - or UP - their noses.

:00:46.:00:47.

Also coming up: We meet a Syrian teenager who swam part of the way

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to Greece and now wants to swim in the Olympics.

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We start in Germany, where despite a string of recent

:01:10.:01:11.

terror attacks linked to asylum-seekers, German Chancellor

:01:12.:01:14.

Angela Merkel has insisted she won't abandon her policy

:01:15.:01:16.

It follows Germany's promise last year to provide shelter to thousands

:01:17.:01:22.

The country has now taken in more than a million people.

:01:23.:01:26.

The Chancellor has come under increasing pressure since then,

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after claims of sex attacks in Cologne at New Year,

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and most recently, the fatal terror attacks linked to asylum-seekers.

:01:34.:01:37.

But Angela Merkel is standing firm on her migrant policy.

:01:38.:01:40.

Well, the BBC's Chris Buckler has been in the Bavarian town

:01:41.:01:49.

TRANSLATION: The terrorists want us to lose the focus on the things that

:01:50.:01:54.

are necessary. They want to undermine our solidarity and our

:01:55.:02:00.

togetherness. They want to damage our way of life, our openness, and

:02:01.:02:05.

yes, our readiness to take in people in distress. Our correspondent has

:02:06.:02:14.

been in the Bavarian town of Landshut, which has seen a

:02:15.:02:15.

significant influx of refugees. Bavaria prides itself

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on being a welcoming place, but in Germany's largest state,

:02:18.:02:19.

there is increasing unease about Angela Merkel's so-called

:02:20.:02:21.

open-door policy towards those not coming for

:02:22.:02:23.

a holiday, but to make a new life. The two English words

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within Landshut's name might give There are people who want tighter

:02:27.:02:28.

controls on who enters this land. TRANSLATION: I'm in favour

:02:29.:02:34.

of an integration law that has more controls and gives people

:02:35.:02:38.

opportunities for the future. That must be a requirement,

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and that's why we as Bavarians differ somewhat from

:02:42.:02:44.

the government in Berlin. Earlier this year, in protest

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at the pressure on resources here, this region's mayor loaded up a bus

:02:49.:02:51.

of refugees and send them to Chancellor Merkel's official

:02:52.:02:56.

residence in Berlin. While the flow of people has eased,

:02:57.:03:01.

there are still many in this town waiting to be given asylum status,

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and therefore, still This man asks for his face not to be

:03:06.:03:08.

shown, because he has relatives But the process of approving

:03:09.:03:15.

asylum takes time. It's struggling to cope,

:03:16.:03:31.

like some of the families Our fears, you are

:03:32.:03:33.

in the same place. There's clear frustration,

:03:34.:03:39.

and after recent attacks involving There are a lot of people that have

:03:40.:03:41.

criminal records in their country before they come here,

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so what do you expect of them? When they come here,

:03:54.:03:56.

they become idle, they possess that There are many who feel

:03:57.:03:58.

there should be more checks, particularly with so many headlines

:03:59.:04:01.

about terror, and today, Chancellor Merkel did propose

:04:02.:04:04.

measures to improve security. But to the frustration of right-wing

:04:05.:04:06.

parties, she said her asylum TRANSLATION: The events of the last

:04:07.:04:10.

week are a wake-up call to people. The warnings our party have

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given our proven to be true. The warnings our party have given

:04:20.:04:24.

have proven to be true. It's an incredibly small number

:04:25.:04:27.

who threaten this society. The vast majority simply

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want to be a part of it. But there's a growing distance

:04:30.:04:32.

between Berlin and Bavaria about how to deal with the worries

:04:33.:04:38.

over fear and finances, and that could leave

:04:39.:04:40.

this country less open. It's the final day of

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the Democratic National Convention and Hillary Clinton's big chance

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to convince delegates and voters Barack Obama has already

:04:47.:04:49.

given his seal of approval for Hillary Clinton as the best

:04:50.:04:55.

person to replace him He told the convention

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in Philadelphia that there has never been anyone more qualified

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to serve as president. Let's head over to Philadelphia now

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and talk to Carlos Watson who is the CEO of ozy.com,

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a daily digital magazine. Carlos Watson, welcome. It is going

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to be a tough act to follow, having Barack Obama make that speech last

:05:22.:05:27.

night? I think indeed. In fact, I think it was President Obama's best

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speech ever, which is saying a lark, given his skills as an orator. That

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good? I think it was that good. You should have seen the crowd here. It

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was quite impressive. He was both able to elevate Secretary Clinton,

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and also, I think, really painted a picture of Donald Trump but I think

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could end up being helpful to Clinton as she appeals to

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independently macro and maybe even disaffected Republicans.

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What exactly is she going to have to sell to night? What is she going to

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focus on? What are her selling points?

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I think she also has a very similar job, in some ways, which again, as

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many of the speakers have done, she has got to go after Donald Trump

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head on, and whether she calls him a demagogue or says he has no clue or

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says he is not very conservative, I think she has got to do that. But I

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think the other important piece is a vision, or as George HW Bush once

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put it, "The vision thing". And I think laying out a compelling agenda

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for what the years of the Clinton presidency, or 2-term presidency,

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would mean, is going to be really critical, give people something to

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hold onto. I think we will also get a bit more of her biography, though

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she may allow their daughter, along with her husband a few nights ago,

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to do the bulk of that. Interesting. And we saw bringing in the rest of

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the family at the Republican convention as well. How the

:06:56.:06:57.

effective you think that is only tactic?

:06:58.:07:01.

I think it was certainly helpful and the polls are Donald Trump. I think

:07:02.:07:08.

not only his daughter M, but even the love that his wife Melania made,

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so I think for Secretary Clinton, it is important that the people who are

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speaking, maybe the most important family member, someone who is no

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longer with us, is her mother. I think a mother is so much of the

:07:25.:07:27.

reason she has been involved in politics. It has been a guiding

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light fire, and yet I don't think that people know enough about a

:07:31.:07:33.

mother or her mother's story. I would not be surprised if Secretary

:07:34.:07:37.

Clinton spend a lot of time on that family member in the course of

:07:38.:07:39.

headline speech. That is interesting. You mentioned a

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Republican bounce. How much is that worrying the Democratic party, and

:07:44.:07:46.

how much will that feed into the negativity, trying to talk Trump

:07:47.:07:53.

down, how much will they balance that with positivity about what they

:07:54.:07:56.

should vote for in Hillary Clinton? I think there is no doubt, even the

:07:57.:08:00.

Democrats won't say it out loud, they are worried. Many looked at the

:08:01.:08:03.

convention last week in Cleveland and thought, as opposed to getting a

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bounce, in fact, trump might receive a little bit, given the flock that

:08:08.:08:11.

Melania had, given some of the other drama, including Ted Cruz. So I

:08:12.:08:15.

think they were frankly caught off guard, even though most of them will

:08:16.:08:18.

now say, that is what you would expect. So let's see what Secretary

:08:19.:08:26.

Clinton walked away with from this convention. You will remember back

:08:27.:08:30.

in 9080, one of the best convention bounces we have ever seen when to be

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Democratic nominee, Michael Dukakis, who exited up 17 points. I don't

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bite back, but I think it Secretary Clinton in some of the unusual swing

:08:41.:08:44.

states, places like Georgia, where she is within five points right now,

:08:45.:08:49.

North Carolina, where she is closer, and Missouri, where she is better

:08:50.:08:53.

back then we would expect, if she can help results in some of those

:08:54.:08:57.

places, they would be wildly excited.

:08:58.:09:01.

Carlos Watson, thank you very much. We appreciate your time.

:09:02.:09:07.

Might later, thank you. There is a lot more on the Democratic national

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convention. It is all on our website, and there is the latest in

:09:12.:09:14.

what has been going on, all the speeches and reactions of those

:09:15.:09:15.

speeches. Two of Turkey's highest ranking

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generals are reported to have resigned, following the coup attempt

:09:18.:09:20.

earlier this month. It comes a day after more than 1,500

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military personnel were sacked for their alleged roles

:09:24.:09:27.

in the failed uprising. More than 130 media outlets

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were ordered to be shut down on Wednesday as the Turkish

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government continues its crackdown. Our correspondent Mark

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Lowen is in Istanbul. Mark, how far reaching are we seeing

:09:42.:09:53.

this latest crackdown is? It is staggeringly widespread,

:09:54.:09:55.

really, when you look at most every sector of society that is being

:09:56.:10:01.

affected. From media, as you say, 131 media outlets will be closed

:10:02.:10:05.

down, to the military. Almost half the generals and admirals in the

:10:06.:10:09.

country have been discharged. To the police, the judiciary, civil

:10:10.:10:17.

society, NGOs, even Turkish Airlines, 250 cabin crew dismissed.

:10:18.:10:20.

All of these people, tens of thousands now, either detained,

:10:21.:10:24.

dismissed or suspended, suspected of either backing the coup or backing

:10:25.:10:32.

the alleged mastermind, Fetullah Gulen, this cleric who has been

:10:33.:10:36.

living in self-imposed exile in the US since 1999. He denied any

:10:37.:10:39.

complicity or involvement at all in this clue, but it is clearly showing

:10:40.:10:43.

that the government is trying to root out what it calls a virus, and

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really, the Gulenist implements, the movement of him and his followers in

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every part of society, is very well known here. It has spread its

:10:55.:10:58.

tentacles throughout Turkish society. The evening says it is a

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peaceful, interfaith movement, but critics and the government say it is

:11:02.:11:05.

a dangerous sect. A dangerous cult that needs to be rooted out.

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So many dismissals and detentions that you mentioned. One wonders how

:11:11.:11:14.

much further might president to do and be prepared to go?

:11:15.:11:19.

Bat President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Reports night that he wants to bring

:11:20.:11:25.

the military and intelligence under his direct control, moving from the

:11:26.:11:28.

Prime Minister to the presidency. That would certainly enhance his

:11:29.:11:32.

control and command on the country, and it has long been his aim to

:11:33.:11:36.

create a sort of executive presidency here, a much more

:11:37.:11:41.

powerful presidency, but that would require constitutional amendments,

:11:42.:11:44.

so he would need to go to Parliament and at the opposition supporters

:11:45.:11:47.

well. The government insists that the operation is only against those

:11:48.:11:51.

who have proven connections to the coup attempt to weeks ago, but the

:11:52.:11:55.

critics say that actually, this is an attempt by the government to

:11:56.:11:59.

round up all opponents, all enemies, and group them together and detain

:12:00.:12:04.

or dismiss them. So the criticism from Western governments continues,

:12:05.:12:07.

but the government here says, look, this is as going after those who

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tried to murder their way into power, and it is really the

:12:12.:12:14.

repercussions of the most traumatic two weeks in Turkey's modern

:12:15.:12:18.

history. Nearly two weeks in deed. What

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difference has is made to daily life in Turkey? Howlers does it feel

:12:22.:12:25.

different? Well, on the surface, cities like

:12:26.:12:30.

Istanbul continue as normal. This is a bustling, vibrant, cosmopolitan

:12:31.:12:32.

city where people go around and drink their espressos in the

:12:33.:12:35.

morning, go shopping in the afternoon, and might go to one of

:12:36.:12:39.

the five times that they pray as well. But of course, this is

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absolutely rooted every element of society here. So many arrests at,

:12:44.:12:46.

detentions and dismissals, and also a fear among those who feel they are

:12:47.:12:53.

targeted, that they could be next. That said, Turks have united against

:12:54.:12:56.

the coup, so even though they are still divided over their president,

:12:57.:13:02.

they largely feel that a president who has his faults, in the eyes of

:13:03.:13:07.

some critics, is better, certainly, than a military takeover of Turkey

:13:08.:13:10.

in 2016. Thank you, Mark. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. French investigators have used DNA

:13:13.:13:14.

to formally identify the second of the two young men who killed

:13:15.:13:17.

an elderly priest on Tuesday. Police had received a tip-off

:13:18.:13:19.

from a foreign agency warning that 19-year-old Abdelmalik Petitjean

:13:20.:13:22.

was preparing an attack. At least 75 people have been killed

:13:23.:13:25.

and several others are still missing after heavy monsoon rains triggered

:13:26.:13:30.

floods and landslides in Nepal. Thousands of people have been

:13:31.:13:33.

displaced with many houses swept There has also been severe

:13:34.:13:36.

flooding in parts of India, Health officials in Florida

:13:37.:13:41.

are investigating four new cases of Zika infection that do not appear

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to be linked to travel This has raised the possibility

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that the virus is being spread The virus can cause severe

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brain defects in newborns. The UK's Lloyds Banking Group has

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announced it's going to cut 3,000 Pope Francis has suffered a minor

:14:01.:14:05.

fall as he celebrated mass before huge crowds at Poland's holiest

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Catholic site, the The Pontiff was helped quickly

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to his feet and didn't appear hurt. Later, about half a million people

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attended an open air ceremony The UK's Lloyds Banking Group has

:14:17.:14:19.

announced it's going to cut 3,000 jobs and shut 200 branches

:14:20.:14:25.

by the end of 2017. The bank has justified the move,

:14:26.:14:27.

saying it now expects interest rates Lloyds, which is part state-owned,

:14:28.:14:31.

also warned that uncertainty after the UK's vote to leave

:14:32.:14:38.

the European Union could affect In Syria, one of the country's most

:14:39.:14:55.

powerful rebel groups, the al-Nusra Front, has announced it is breaking

:14:56.:14:58.

its linked with Al-Qaeda and changing its name. In a recorded

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message, the group's leader said it would now be known as "The front for

:15:02.:15:08.

the conquest of Syria". It is understood the group hopes to form

:15:09.:15:11.

closer alliances with other Islamist organisations fighting within Syria.

:15:12.:15:16.

Analysts say they decided to rebrand themselves after Russia and the US

:15:17.:15:19.

decided to step up their military efforts against them.

:15:20.:15:21.

Scientists have discovered a new type of antibiotic,

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It's found INSIDE the human nose, potentially useful

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against harmful bacteria - including the superbug MRSA.

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New antibiotics are urgently needed to battle drug resistant infections,

:15:29.:15:32.

and scientists say the human body could be an untapped

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Our Science Editor David Shukman has the story.

:15:36.:15:40.

Over billions of years, bacteria have kept evolving,

:15:41.:15:42.

and recently, some have adapted to resist antibiotics.

:15:43.:15:45.

They have become virtually unstoppable, and the infection

:15:46.:15:51.

The life-saving drug that has revolutionised medical science.

:15:52.:16:00.

Penicillin was the first antibiotic, an invention that save millions

:16:01.:16:02.

of lives, but since then, researchers struggled

:16:03.:16:07.

to come up with new weapons against the most dangerous bacteria.

:16:08.:16:09.

It is very significant, because when we have been looking

:16:10.:16:14.

for antibiotics in the past, we have either been trained to make

:16:15.:16:17.

these in the laboratory using chemistry, all we've gone out

:16:18.:16:21.

these in the laboratory using chemistry, or we've gone out

:16:22.:16:24.

into the environment, particularly to look

:16:25.:16:26.

So this is really the first report, or one of the early reports,

:16:27.:16:31.

of finding antibiotics actually in our bodies.

:16:32.:16:33.

Superbugs that can be defeated by antibiotics

:16:34.:16:43.

are a growing threat, so this discovery could in future

:16:44.:16:45.

It starts, rather bizarrely, inside the nose.

:16:46.:16:48.

Now, this isn't a pleasant thought, but lots of different bacteria exist

:16:49.:16:51.

One of them can cause MRSA, but it turns out another kind

:16:52.:16:55.

That's the key finding from the scientists in Germany.

:16:56.:16:59.

They also found that one gene in that microbe produces a substance

:17:00.:17:02.

that they have called lugdunin, and when they gave that in mice,

:17:03.:17:05.

they swore that it actually helps to resist infections.

:17:06.:17:09.

So this really does create what could become

:17:10.:17:11.

Developing new drugs is never a rapid process.

:17:12.:17:18.

It may be at least a decade before this discovery

:17:19.:17:21.

is actually turned into a real medicine.

:17:22.:17:22.

Whee! Well done!

:17:23.:17:26.

But for Emily Morris, top can't come soon enough.

:17:27.:17:28.

She's well now, but keeps getting serious infections that

:17:29.:17:31.

put her in hospital, and options are running out.

:17:32.:17:34.

There will be a time, and I am expecting the time

:17:35.:17:37.

when they say that they can't treat this one, and it's what happens

:17:38.:17:41.

then, really, so that's why me and my family are really worried.

:17:42.:17:45.

But yeah, hopefully, the new technologies

:17:46.:17:49.

and things like that will look at more positive things.

:17:50.:17:57.

The real surprise is where this new antibiotic has been found.

:17:58.:18:00.

Until now, no one thought the human nose would be harbouring

:18:01.:18:02.

useful bacteria that could defeat the dangerous ones.

:18:03.:18:04.

But given the emerging threat of superbugs,

:18:05.:18:07.

all that matters is that we find something that does beat them.

:18:08.:18:14.

A year ago, the Dominican Republic passed a controversial law over

:18:15.:18:17.

the deportation of undocumented Haitians and their families.

:18:18.:18:20.

More than 100,000 people have either been forcibly removed or returned

:18:21.:18:24.

voluntarily from the country, including many who were born

:18:25.:18:28.

in the DR itself, and have spent months living in refugee camps along

:18:29.:18:33.

the border in harrowing conditions. Will Grant visited one of the camps.

:18:34.:18:38.

Weekly mass at Park Kado is a simple affair.

:18:39.:18:44.

A handful of migrants make of the congregation, celebrating

:18:45.:18:49.

A handful of migrants make up the congregation, celebrating

:18:50.:18:51.

But when you look around a refugee camp, it seems they have

:18:52.:18:55.

This is one of the poorest places in Latin America.

:18:56.:19:00.

At the height of the crisis a year ago, Park Kado was home to thousands

:19:01.:19:04.

of Haitian refugees who'd returned from the Dominican Republic

:19:05.:19:06.

Today, hundreds of families still remain here, trapped

:19:07.:19:12.

This man and his family lived in the Dominican Republic the 22

:19:13.:19:19.

Two of his children were left behind when he was deported last year,

:19:20.:19:26.

and now, even the youngest must pitch in for their

:19:27.:19:29.

The only way to survive is by cutting down trees

:19:30.:19:36.

on the other side of the border to make charcoal, he says.

:19:37.:19:38.

He then sells the fuel to traders for a couple

:19:39.:19:41.

This is the world's forgotten migrant crisis.

:19:42.:19:46.

Many of the Haitians who were forced back here under the new policy say

:19:47.:19:50.

they or their children were actually born on the other side

:19:51.:19:54.

of the border, and they say the NGOs who turned out in their droves

:19:55.:19:57.

after the 2010 earthquake today are nowhere to be seen.

:19:58.:20:05.

The one local figure taking a lead in helping the returnees

:20:06.:20:07.

Father Luke has distributed food provided by the International

:20:08.:20:19.

Organisation for Migration, and helped re-house

:20:20.:20:20.

TRANSLATION: This is a racist policy promoted by powerful

:20:21.:20:23.

man in Santo Domingo, and rarely do powerful men work

:20:24.:20:26.

In the capital, Port-au-Prince, the political situation

:20:27.:20:31.

Fresh elections are due in October, but in the meantime,

:20:32.:20:37.

the interim leadership have no solutions to the refugee crisis.

:20:38.:20:43.

TRANSLATION: Haitians leave Haiti because the country can't offer them

:20:44.:20:45.

opportunities, access to work, or decent living conditions.

:20:46.:20:50.

Over the last 30 years, we have been living

:20:51.:20:53.

through political crisis, and after each election,

:20:54.:20:56.

He takes me to the border between Haiti and the DR,

:20:57.:21:04.

He explains how they cross at night to avoid detection,

:21:05.:21:07.

in order to gather the firewood needed for charcoal.

:21:08.:21:11.

The name Park Kado means "gift ranch" in Creole,

:21:12.:21:14.

a reference to the once fertile land.

:21:15.:21:17.

But today, the conditions awaiting the returnees to Haiti

:21:18.:21:21.

All this week on the BBC, we've been following refugees

:21:22.:21:30.

who are aiming to compete at the Rio Olympics as members

:21:31.:21:33.

18-year-old Yusra Mardini fled Syria for Turkey, and as she was trying

:21:34.:21:45.

to reach Europe, the small dinghy she was in started to sink,

:21:46.:21:48.

so she and her sister had to swim part of the way to Greece.

:21:49.:21:51.

After several months in Germany, she's now hoping to

:21:52.:21:53.

When you are in the water, you don't think about anything. You just throw

:21:54.:22:10.

all your problems or anything that is happening over the water. It is a

:22:11.:22:17.

completely different world, to me. Sometimes, the water was cold. We

:22:18.:22:23.

didn't have anything to warm it up, or there was pumping or something

:22:24.:22:28.

like that, or the streets are dangerous, so sometimes, you could

:22:29.:22:29.

not train. The boat was... I think it was not

:22:30.:22:56.

good. The motor stopped. Then they said someone would have to go into

:22:57.:23:01.

the water. My sister jumped in. She did not let me go to the water, but

:23:02.:23:05.

after that, I jumped from the other side. Of course, we were scared, but

:23:06.:23:12.

we had to try. It is the same, maybe I am going to die on the way, but I

:23:13.:23:19.

am almost dead in my country. My life was just passing through my

:23:20.:23:24.

eyes. Yes, it was cold. We said that it would be a shame

:23:25.:23:28.

that we would die in the water, and we are swimmers.

:23:29.:23:45.

In the camp, there was a really nice man who was the translator. He was

:23:46.:23:52.

from Egypt, actually. I told him that I am a swimmer. I did that, I

:23:53.:23:56.

went there, and he was like, really? You will be a good swimmer. And I

:23:57.:24:01.

said, yes, I swim, just find me a club. He found me a club, they saw

:24:02.:24:06.

our technique, and it was good, so they accepted us.

:24:07.:24:17.

Yes, first they came here, the language was hard, and I didn't know

:24:18.:24:27.

anyone. After that, I learned people, slowly, slowly.

:24:28.:24:31.

You look much more nice than the! For the short time she is learning

:24:32.:24:35.

German, she is smart! Sometimes, it is hard for her to pronounce some

:24:36.:24:42.

words, like a famous shopping street. It is called Schlossstrasse.

:24:43.:24:53.

I have friends, my school, I am going out, I have my family tambien.

:24:54.:24:57.

They will never be like my home country, but it is amazing as well.

:24:58.:25:05.

I want to be an inspiration for everyone, and I want to help

:25:06.:25:10.

refugees. Life will move on, life will not stop for you because you

:25:11.:25:14.

have pain. You have to move on and worked on everything.

:25:15.:25:19.

18-year-old Yusra Mardini, from Syria, now living in Germany.

:25:20.:25:22.

Now, just some pictures to finish with.

:25:23.:25:23.

A rocket carrying a US spy satellite has blasted off from Florida.

:25:24.:25:26.

The Atlas FIVE rocket lifted off in perfect weather conditions

:25:27.:25:28.

from Cape Canaveral and headed into space without incident.

:25:29.:25:30.

The satellite is owned by the National Reconnaissance Office,

:25:31.:25:33.

which is a US government agency in charge of supporting

:25:34.:25:36.

the intelligence community and Department of Defence.

:25:37.:25:43.

If you want to get in touch with us here at BBC World News,

:25:44.:25:46.

And I'm @KarinBBC on Twitter. You can also find us on Facebook.

:25:47.:25:53.

But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:54.:26:06.

Hello there. We have a weather system moving southwards and

:26:07.:26:12.

eastwards across the UK. It will bring

:26:13.:26:13.

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