29/07/2016 World News Today


29/07/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:00.

The charity Save the Children says a maternity hospital

:00:07.:00:09.

The airstrikes happened in a rebel-held district of Idlib

:00:10.:00:15.

At least two people are reported dead.

:00:16.:00:23.

The staff of the hospital contacted us and they confirmed the town where

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the hospital is based has been hit by seven air strikes.

:00:30.:00:31.

Florida confirms its first cases of infection from the Zika virus -

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Hillary Clinton gets down to work as the race

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And six months on since the death of David Bowie musicians are taking to

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the stage to honour his work. In Syria, the charity

:00:55.:01:05.

Save the Children says a maternity hospital they support has been

:01:06.:01:07.

bombed in a rebel-held Two people are reported to have died

:01:08.:01:09.

- and a number of patients A doctor with Save the Children has

:01:10.:01:14.

told the BBC the hospital Meanwhile, the United Nations'

:01:15.:01:21.

Syrian envoy has backed Russian proposals for humanitarian corridors

:01:22.:01:25.

to be set up to allow civilians in the besieged city

:01:26.:01:28.

of Aleppo to leave. A battle ground between the Syrian

:01:29.:01:33.

regime and rebel groups. Footage filmed by the Syrian

:01:34.:01:35.

government in Aleppo shows its forces trying to take

:01:36.:01:38.

control of the city. Russia has been

:01:39.:01:44.

an ally in this fight. Now it says it wants to give

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people their way out of rebel Leaflets were dropped showing

:01:47.:01:49.

the map of corridors. TRANSLATION: I'm not

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sure I will go out. The government's directions of

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surrender our humiliating as it is. If they are already humiliating us,

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how about when we actually arrived Russia has said it also plans

:02:16.:02:18.

to allow rebel fighters to leave. Two days ago the Syrian government

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said all supply lines to rebel Around a quarter of a million

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civilians lived there. Hospitals have been bombed

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and the UN has warned that food The UN wants to be

:02:38.:02:40.

involved in Russia's plan. Our suggestion is to Russia,

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to actually leave the corridors being established at

:02:45.:02:46.

their initiative to us. The UN and the humanitarian

:02:47.:02:51.

partners, as you know, The UN has also asked

:02:52.:02:53.

for a ceasefire to give people For four years, Aleppo has seen

:02:54.:03:04.

bloodshed and violence. Whether or not people choose

:03:05.:03:14.

to leave the city if they are given a way out will depend on how

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the plan works. Just as important is how quickly

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it can be carried out because for hundreds of thousands

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of people in rebel held areas of Aleppo, each day

:03:26.:03:28.

is a struggle to survive. Dr Abdulkarim Ekzayez is a doctor

:03:29.:03:37.

with Save the Children, who has worked at the maternity

:03:38.:03:39.

hospital in Idlib province and been in contact with staff

:03:40.:03:42.

there following the bombing. Four hours ago the staff of the

:03:43.:03:50.

hospital contacted us and confirmed that the town where the hospital is

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based has been hit by seven air strikes. Three of these hit the

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surrounding areas of the hospital, one of them hit the entrance killing

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at least two people and one of them injured someone and left them in a

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serious condition. We don't have information about the number of

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injuries but the hospital staff are talking about at least ten injured

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people. Medical staff went to the ground floor so all of them are safe

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except for one midwife. She was doing a delivery at that point and

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she got injured in the S trike. The hospital itself was affected badly

:04:38.:04:45.

because some equipment has been damaged by the strike, including

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generators running the electricity. In Syria now there is no stable

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electricity, and also some equipment such as integrators will newborns

:04:56.:04:56.

has been damaged. Florida has confirmed its first

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cases of the Zika infection - that were most likely contracted

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from LOCAL mosquitos. that were most likely contracted

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from local mosquitos. The state governor has said two

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sites were responsible for four cases, but that no one had been

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admitted to hospital. The Florida cases raise the chance

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that US mosquitoes can So far, cases outside

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of Latin America and the Caribbean have been spread

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by travel to that region - Let's go to Jane O'Brien

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who is in Washington for us. How much concern is there? There is

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concern that it isn't entirely unexpected. People have been warning

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for several months that the possibility of locally born Zika

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transmitting in the United States is very high. There have been 1600

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cases in the United States alone, most of them from people travelling

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to infected areas and coming back. As you mention, this is the first

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time that it has come from a mosquito itself. It is in a small

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area, about two kilometres squared, and the mosquito which transmits

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this virus can only travel a small area. That is where they are

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concentrating on in that area of Miami at the moment. I've been

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listening to a call from the Centre for disease control and they said

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they are very impressed by the measures being taken in Florida and

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those measures include getting rid of any stagnant water where

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mosquitoes may be born, also spraying any kind of areas where

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mosquitoes are prevalent and also ensuring and telling local women

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especially to cover up during the night when those mosquitoes biting.

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Of course, Florida is a huge tourist destination, what reassurances can

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be given on and what sort of advice? To put it into perspective, if you

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look at Puerto Rico which is not on the mainland, they have had 4600

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locally infected people from mosquitoes. This is four people in

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Florida. Certainly the Centre for disease control and others are

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saying that they are impressed by the measures so far. They are not

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moving any women or pregnant women out that two mile square area in

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Miami. They are getting the help they need. Money is being filtered

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to Florida for test kits and also for mosquito eradication. Thank you

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very much. Hillary Clinton has made

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history, formally accepting the Democratic Party's nomination

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for the US Presidential election. In her speech to the party

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convention in Philadelphia she promised to make the US

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a country that worked for everyone - and urged Americans to oppose

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what she called Donald Trump's mean Our North America Editor Jon Sopel

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was there. Ladies and gentlemen,

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our next president, Hillary Clinton! She's spent a quarter of a century

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in public life, but no speech has First, though, the

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historic formalities. It is with humility, determination,

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and boundless confidence in America's promise that

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I accept your nomination for President

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of the United States! They cheered themselves hoarse -

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some cried, as Hillary Clinton sought to reintroduce herself

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to the American public. It was personal, but she set

:08:28.:08:30.

out detailed policies, too - some influenced by

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Bernie Sanders' insurgent campaign. Bernie Sanders and I will work

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together to make college tuition free for the middle class,

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and debt-free for all. I just don't want you to be shot

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by someone who shouldn't And she promised to

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raise the minimum wage. If you believe the minimum wage

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should be a living wage, and no-one working full-time should

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have to raise their children But she also had a wider point

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to make about temperament and experience - why she was fit

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to be commander-in-chief, Imagine him in the Oval Office,

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facing a real crisis. A man you can bait with a tweet

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is not a man we can trust This has been an optimistic

:09:35.:09:37.

and upbeat vision of America presented by Hillary Clinton

:09:38.:09:48.

as the fireworks go off, a sharp contrast to the bleak

:09:49.:09:50.

and dark picture painted Politics is normally

:09:51.:09:53.

conducted in shades of grey, but the difference between

:09:54.:10:01.

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump

:10:02.:10:03.

is black and white. Wow, history in the making,

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it's the chance of a lifetime to be We're excited for the first woman

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President. If conventions and razzmatazz won

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elections, the Democrats would be home and dry,

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but with Donald Trump in the fight, they don't - this race

:10:37.:10:38.

has a long way to go. Jon Sopel, BBC News,

:10:39.:10:42.

Philadelphia. Now a look at some of

:10:43.:10:47.

the days other news. There have been protests

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in India after a couple from the lowest caste,

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Dalit community, were hacked to death - allegedly after a row

:10:53.:10:54.

over a debt of twenty-two cents. They say an upper-caste grocer

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killed the pair after they asked for more time to pay

:10:59.:11:01.

for some biscuits. Why are schools in

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Kenya being torched? It's the question many people

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are struggling to understand as two Kenya has been dealing with a wave

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of arson attacks that have seen more than one

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hundred schools razed, Emmanuel Igunza has been to central

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Kenya one of the worst affected Scenes like this have become

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an almost daily occurrence in Kenya. School after school going up

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in flames at an unprecedented rate. On Friday morning, two more

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schools were torched. This is the latest school in central

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Kenya to suffer the arson attacks. Even new buildings reduced to shell

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and a stark reminder of the events This is the second dormitory to be

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burnt down in the school The fire is believed to have started

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at around that corner The fire raged on and firefighters

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quickly came in and together with the students desperately tried

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to save their belongings, but as you can see around,

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there isn't much left. All personal belongings and bedding

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have been destroyed. We have tracked down one

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of the students who was in He asked us to hide his identity,

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fearful of being connected to those He is angry and uncertain

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about his final examinations The burning of schools started

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in western Kenya and spread quickly So far, more than 100 schools

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have been affected. Her daughter was supposed

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to sit her final exams this year, but is now home after the school

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was closed following a failed TRANSLATION: I feel really bad

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because even looking for school The reasons for the attacks

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remain very unclear. Teachers blame the government,

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the government blames exam cheats. The teachers union have threatened

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to go on a national strike if the government doesn't close

:13:51.:13:53.

all schools immediately But the government has

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rejected the calls. There is no school that is going

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to be closed down. Learning must continue,

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all children must be in school, we will deal with the criminals

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and crooks that are working on undermining the reforms

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that we have put in place and trying The burning of schools is not

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a new phenomena in the country, but the sheer scale and frequency

:14:17.:14:25.

of the attacks has now raised fears and concerns about the uncertain

:14:26.:14:28.

future now facing The European Union has warned Turkey

:14:29.:14:30.

that its treatment of coup suspects could affect its bid

:14:31.:14:46.

for EU membership. Tens of thousands of people had been

:14:47.:15:04.

detained, dismissed or suspended, accused by being followers of the

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alleged mastermind. What is the basis of his movement? And how

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widespread is it? They have called it

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"rooting out the virus". A wave of arrests over the past

:15:16.:15:17.

fortnight against the alleged coup Tens of thousands suspended

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or detained, schools, media outlets and

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companies closed down. All are accused of supporting

:15:25.:15:31.

Fethullah Gulen, the exiled cleric who the government says

:15:32.:15:34.

masterminded the coup. With his schools in 140 countries,

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he has spread his influence over decades, his followers working

:15:40.:15:42.

across Turkey's institutions. They say he is a peaceful scholar,

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critics call it a dangerous cult. TRANSLATION: The structure aims

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to surround the state They are not armed militants,

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but cloak themselves as doctors, Right-wing governments have used

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them against the secular military. They got their biggest power

:15:59.:16:11.

within Erdogan's rule. The Erdogan-Gulen

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alliance was strong. When hundreds of military officers

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were tried a few years ago on false evidence, Gulen supporters

:16:15.:16:18.

were thought to be behind it. This former naval captain spent 33

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months in prison and believes it If they couldn't manage to get it

:16:26.:16:28.

off us during these trials, this couldn't happen

:16:29.:16:38.

by his followers because... The Gulen schools were

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among Turkey's best, The government says replacing

:16:47.:16:48.

education will remove But journalists, diplomats,

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even airline staff have been detained or dismissed,

:16:59.:17:05.

prompting accusations that all opponents are being grouped

:17:06.:17:08.

together and rounded up. Over 130 media outlets

:17:09.:17:15.

will now be closed. Many other journalists facing arrest

:17:16.:17:21.

warrants have already fled. We tracked down one who says

:17:22.:17:24.

the Gulen movement never aimed How could you plot a coup

:17:25.:17:27.

through media outlets? I would not accept this

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conspiracy theory in Turkey. They have every right to be in every

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institution of Turkish government. It's two weeks since a coup that

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united Turks against it. The aftermath has shaken

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every part of society. It could take

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a generation to recover. Pope Francis has walked in silence

:17:54.:18:00.

around Auschwitz-Birkenau, as a mark of respect to the more

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than one million people, mostly Jews, who were killed

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at the Nazi death camp. Our correspondent

:18:07.:18:13.

Tom Burridge reports. To a place which exposes

:18:14.:18:14.

the inadequacy of words. Where more than one million

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mainly Jewish people were Pope Francis spoke with some

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of the few who survived that horror. And a moment to reflect,

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at the wall where Nazi firing Then, a prayer in a cell,

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where a Catholic priest volunteered Before they were led to their death,

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human beings were locked Silence was the response

:18:59.:19:08.

of the Catholic Church when Nazi Germany demonised Jewish

:19:09.:19:14.

people, and then attempted Another visit by a Pope reminds us

:19:15.:19:17.

about the evil perpetrated But questions remain

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for the Catholic Church, about what it knew at the time

:19:26.:19:30.

of the Nazi death camps and the systematic

:19:31.:19:34.

programme of genocide. A psalm sung by a priest

:19:35.:19:42.

from a Polish village, Tom Burridge, BBC

:19:43.:19:45.

News, in Auschwitz. George Butler has provided

:19:46.:20:13.

poignant snapshots of life in war torn areas such

:20:14.:20:15.

as Afghanistan and Syria. George walked from Turkey

:20:16.:20:18.

across the border into Syria where he drew the aftermath of civil

:20:19.:20:20.

war as well as capturing and recording the stories amongst

:20:21.:20:23.

the refugees through his art. I didn't really know there was such

:20:24.:20:29.

a thing as reportage illustration. It was only when I went

:20:30.:20:33.

to Afghanistan when I was at university that I realised there

:20:34.:20:45.

was a difference between what I was seeing as someone who sat

:20:46.:20:52.

there and drew for two hours, I think there was a difference

:20:53.:20:54.

in process that means the So, sitting in a place

:20:55.:20:59.

with your own two feet and having a big board and drawing

:21:00.:21:02.

the things that happen in front of you, so you're picking up

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on sound on the way people react to you and it is

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often too hot they have to draw quite quickly and that gives

:21:09.:21:12.

an immediacy in ink that you don't otherwise get, so it

:21:13.:21:15.

is about composition, about trust and people can see

:21:16.:21:16.

what you're doing and they feel involved and they are not

:21:17.:21:19.

intimidated by a camera. I would never be able

:21:20.:21:25.

to go to the front of Aleppo and sit and draw

:21:26.:21:28.

with bullets flying around. This process doesn't really lend

:21:29.:21:30.

itself to that, so it very often, as it was

:21:31.:21:33.

in the northern Syria, a kind of experience that happens

:21:34.:21:36.

more often to the population that are moving from town

:21:37.:21:39.

to town, trying to avoid the Rather than experiencing the front

:21:40.:21:42.

line which is carried out Even doing this back

:21:43.:21:47.

at home, I think I begin to So this guy, particularly friendly,

:21:48.:21:53.

wanted to help and spoke English and was a teacher, so I guess that is

:21:54.:21:57.

the value of having been there, rather than doing it

:21:58.:22:00.

from a transcript or first-hand account

:22:01.:22:02.

of These are memories and

:22:03.:22:03.

an experience that I had. I remember feeling particularly

:22:04.:22:13.

uncomfortable to be drawing in a place where there was obviously

:22:14.:22:15.

so much anxiety and sadness. This little boy had lost his mother,

:22:16.:22:23.

brother and his right leg in a shelling two days before

:22:24.:22:27.

and his father was now sitting at the head

:22:28.:22:29.

If for every time you turn the page, you

:22:30.:22:42.

get a photograph, you do become immune, immune to it.

:22:43.:22:44.

To turn the page and see a drawing that

:22:45.:22:46.

someone has sat down, it is handmade, you kind of value that,

:22:47.:22:49.

you can kind of understand that someone was there and has done it.

:22:50.:22:52.

I think there was an emotional engagement when I did it, and I hope

:22:53.:22:56.

there is one when it is looked at, as well.

:22:57.:23:00.

It's more than six months since the death of David Bowie,

:23:01.:23:02.

and performers from the worlds of pop, rock and classical music

:23:03.:23:05.

are taking to the stage to honour his life and work.

:23:06.:23:08.

The David Bowie Prom at the Royal Albert Hall

:23:09.:23:10.

in London is both a tribute, and a chance to give some

:23:11.:23:13.

of his best known songs a new classical twist.

:23:14.:23:15.

Our Arts Correspondent, David Sillito reports.

:23:16.:23:21.

The song Fame is more than 40 years old but has never sounded

:23:22.:23:24.

This is a final rehearsal before tonight's sold out performance

:23:25.:23:30.

I am a little bit scared about geting through the night,

:23:31.:23:39.

at a sold out Royal Albert Hall, what their reaction might be and how

:23:40.:23:45.

# Fame, lets him loose, hard to swallow...

:23:46.:23:53.

Obviously I've been thinking a lot about Mr Bowie and the legacy

:23:54.:23:56.

I feel like I'm feasting on really important music.

:23:57.:24:10.

# Fame, it's not your brain, it's just the flame that burns

:24:11.:24:16.

Meet Stargaze - this is a tribute to man and music.

:24:17.:24:22.

And also a chance to give the music a little twist.

:24:23.:24:27.

Let's Dance, the number one hit from 1983, and many others.

:24:28.:24:42.

Reworking Life on Mars and Space Oddity, which will have a gospel

:24:43.:24:45.

choir and a musician who worked and partied with David Bowie

:24:46.:24:48.

He knew him well but he knew nothing about how ill he was.

:24:49.:24:57.

It was a shocking sort of event that all presented itself at once.

:24:58.:25:03.

It still gets you when you think about it.

:25:04.:25:07.

He was wondering what the next step was going to be, and that was not

:25:08.:25:13.

And this, the final song from his final album

:25:14.:25:24.

in which David Bowie sang, "I know something is very wrong."

:25:25.:25:29.

This prom is sort of a farewell but it is also a celebration

:25:30.:25:32.

Russia's weightlifting team has been and is from the Rio Olympics over

:25:33.:25:50.

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