29/07/2016 World News Today


29/07/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Save the Children says a maternity hospital in Syria has been bombed.

:00:07.:00:22.

The air strikes happened in a rebel-held district of Idlib in the

:00:23.:00:25.

north-west. At least two people are reported dead.

:00:26.:00:29.

The staff at the hospital contacted us and they confirmed that the town

:00:30.:00:34.

where the hospital is based has been hit by seven air strikes. There

:00:35.:00:42.

Florida confirms its first cases of the Zika virus contracted by local

:00:43.:00:46.

moss key toes. And, the day after the night before, Hillary Clinton

:00:47.:00:48.

gets down to work as the race for the White House begins for real.

:00:49.:01:07.

We start in Syria where a maternity hospital has been hit

:01:08.:01:09.

by an airstrike according to the charity Save the Children

:01:10.:01:12.

Two people are reported to have died and a number of patients and staff

:01:13.:01:17.

were injured in the bombing which happened in a rebel-held

:01:18.:01:20.

Meanwhile, the United Nations' Syrian envoy has backed Russian

:01:21.:01:23.

proposals for humanitarian corridors to be set up to allow civilians

:01:24.:01:26.

in the besieged city of Aleppo to leave.

:01:27.:01:30.

Footage shows the forces trying to take control of the city.

:01:31.:01:51.

Russia has been an allie in this fight. Now it says it wants to give

:01:52.:01:57.

people a way out of rebel-held parts of Aleppo.

:01:58.:02:01.

Leaflets were dropped showing a map of corridors for civilians to leave.

:02:02.:02:07.

TRANSLATION: I'm not sure I will go out. The Government's directions of

:02:08.:02:14.

surrender are humiliating as it is. If they are already humiliating us,

:02:15.:02:18.

how about when we actually arrive to the areas that they control?

:02:19.:02:23.

Russia's said it also plans to allow rebel fighters to leave.

:02:24.:02:28.

Two days ago, the Syrian Government had said all supply lines to rebel

:02:29.:02:31.

held areas had been cut off. Around a quarter of a million civilians

:02:32.:02:35.

lived there. Hospitals have been bombed and the UN's warned that food

:02:36.:02:40.

stocks will only last three weeks. The UN wants to be involved in

:02:41.:02:47.

Russia's plan. Our suggestion is to Russia to

:02:48.:02:52.

actually leave the corridors being established at their initiative to

:02:53.:02:56.

us. The UN and the humanitarian

:02:57.:03:01.

partners, as you know, know what to do. They have an experience. That's

:03:02.:03:05.

our job. The UN's also asked for a ceasefire

:03:06.:03:10.

to give people a chance for a safe exit. For four years, Aleppo has

:03:11.:03:17.

seen bloodshed and violence. Whether or not people choose to leave the

:03:18.:03:21.

city if they are given a way out will depend on how the plan will

:03:22.:03:24.

work. Perhaps just as important is how quickly can it all be carried

:03:25.:03:28.

out because, for hundreds of thousands of people in rebel-held

:03:29.:03:32.

areas off Aleppo, each day is a struggle to survive.

:03:33.:03:37.

A doctor working with Save the Children who has visited

:03:38.:03:39.

the maternity hospital in the past said equipment and generators

:03:40.:03:41.

The staff of the hospital contacted us and confirmed that the town where

:03:42.:03:57.

the hospital is based has been hit by seven air strikes. Three of these

:03:58.:04:02.

hit the surrounding area of the hospital while one air strike hit

:04:03.:04:05.

the entrance of the hospital killing at least two people and one another

:04:06.:04:13.

injured person, he's in a serious condition. For other people we don't

:04:14.:04:20.

have the exact information about the number of injuries, but the hospital

:04:21.:04:24.

staff are talking about at least ten people that have got injured. The

:04:25.:04:28.

medical staff in the facilities went to the ground floor, so all the

:04:29.:04:31.

medical staff they are safe except for one midwife. She was doing a

:04:32.:04:35.

delivery at that point and she got injured because of the damage caused

:04:36.:04:40.

by this air strike. The hospital itself was affected badly because

:04:41.:04:46.

some equipment was being damaged by this air strike, including the

:04:47.:04:49.

generators running through the city and this hospital because in Syria

:04:50.:04:55.

now there's no stable electricity and some other equipment, including

:04:56.:04:57.

the incubators for newborns. Florida has confirmed its first

:04:58.:04:59.

cases of the Zika infection that were most likely contracted

:05:00.:05:02.

from local mosquitos. The state governor has said two

:05:03.:05:05.

sites were responsible for four cases, but that no one had been

:05:06.:05:07.

admitted to hospital. The Florida cases raise the chance

:05:08.:05:10.

that US mosquitoes can So far, cases outside

:05:11.:05:13.

of Latin America and the Caribbean have been spread by travel to that

:05:14.:05:19.

region or sexual transmission. It's causing concern but it's not

:05:20.:05:31.

entirely unexpected. The Centre for Disease control and others have been

:05:32.:05:35.

warning for several months now that the possibility of locally borne

:05:36.:05:40.

Zika transmitting in the United States is very high. Now, there have

:05:41.:05:46.

been 1600 cases in the States alone, most of them from people travelling

:05:47.:05:50.

to infected areas and coming back. As you mentioned, this is the first

:05:51.:05:54.

time it's come from a mosquito itself. Now, it is in a very small

:05:55.:06:02.

area, about two kilometres squared and the mosquito which transmits

:06:03.:06:06.

this virus can only travel a small area. So that is where they're

:06:07.:06:10.

concentrating on in that area of Miami at the moment to look and see

:06:11.:06:14.

what they can do. I've just been listening to a call from the Centre

:06:15.:06:18.

for Disease control and they say they're very impressd by the

:06:19.:06:22.

measures being taken in Florida, they include getting rid of stagnant

:06:23.:06:26.

water where mosquitoes might be born. They are also spraying any

:06:27.:06:31.

areas where they are prevalent and they are also ensuring and telling

:06:32.:06:36.

local women especially to cover up during the night when those areas

:06:37.:06:42.

mosquitoes could be biting. Let's take a look at

:06:43.:06:50.

some other stories. Criminal charges have been filed

:06:51.:07:05.

against six state employees in Michigan over the contamination of

:07:06.:07:09.

drinking water in the city of Flint. The em-Politics Show eyes at the

:07:10.:07:12.

environmental departments are accused of misconduct in office,

:07:13.:07:17.

neglect and conspiracy disturbance - employees.

:07:18.:07:21.

Hillary Clinton has been speaking at a rally in Philadelphia this

:07:22.:07:23.

evening, following her closing speech at the Democratic National

:07:24.:07:25.

She's made history by becoming the first female Presidential

:07:26.:07:30.

candidate for the Democrats - but she divides party opinion

:07:31.:07:32.

on whether she is the right person for the job.

:07:33.:07:34.

And of course Donald Trump was a controversial choice

:07:35.:07:37.

Laura Trevelyan is at the White House for us. Both are out on the

:07:38.:07:50.

campaign trail today. Hillary Clinton is in Pennsylvania, a key

:07:51.:07:56.

swing state, and Donald Trump himself is in Colorado, which

:07:57.:08:00.

flipped from the Republican column last time. Good news from Mr Trump,

:08:01.:08:05.

the audience for Hillary Clinton's speech last night in prime time

:08:06.:08:09.

television was a few million less than the audience for his speech in

:08:10.:08:12.

prime time a week ago, so I'm sure that he will make the most of that.

:08:13.:08:18.

However, I should also say that the audiences overall for the democratic

:08:19.:08:22.

convention night by night were higher than for the Republicans, so

:08:23.:08:25.

make of that what you will and I'm sure both sides will have their own

:08:26.:08:29.

take from that. Now it's all about the race for the White House, all

:08:30.:08:35.

about the electoral map and there they are.

:08:36.:08:44.

What sense did we get of what is the flavour of things to come? You can

:08:45.:08:48.

see from Trump's convention that that was about what he sees is wrong

:08:49.:08:52.

with America that, this is a difficult time that people are

:08:53.:08:54.

scared about the threat of terrorism. They feel economically

:08:55.:08:58.

insecure, they're worried about their jobs, they don't trust Hillary

:08:59.:09:03.

Clinton. So his was definitely and his aide said it was a Nick Nixonian

:09:04.:09:09.

campaign, based on appealing to people's fears saying he'll be the

:09:10.:09:13.

strong man and make it better. Democrats, while taunting Mr Trump

:09:14.:09:17.

at every possible turn it should be said, tried to be more positive and

:09:18.:09:24.

strike the theme that America is great, trump au slogan is make

:09:25.:09:31.

America great again. You have two extremely different views. In the

:09:32.:09:35.

States where this election is going to be decided which is Ohio,

:09:36.:09:40.

Pennsylvania, they're former manufacturing centres where the jobs

:09:41.:09:44.

haven't been replaced by new jobs, the message is going to be about who

:09:45.:09:48.

is going to bring our jobs back and how is that going to happen. Hillary

:09:49.:09:52.

Clinton saying she'll do it through infrastructure and investment,

:09:53.:09:56.

Donald Trump saying he'll renegotiate the Free Trade

:09:57.:09:56.

Agreements. Pope Francis has walked in silence

:09:57.:10:06.

around Auschwitz-Birkenau, as a mark of respect to the more

:10:07.:10:08.

than one million people, mostly Jews, who were killed

:10:09.:10:11.

at the Nazi death camp. Our correspondent

:10:12.:10:19.

Tom Burridge reports. To a place which exposes

:10:20.:10:21.

the inadequacy of words. Where more than one million,

:10:22.:10:23.

mainly Jewish, people Pope Francis spoke with some

:10:24.:10:26.

of the few who survived that horror. at the wall where Nazi firing

:10:27.:10:45.

squads executed thousands. Then a prayer in a cell,

:10:46.:10:54.

where a Catholic priest volunteered human beings were locked

:10:55.:10:58.

up here like animals. Silence was the response

:10:59.:11:09.

of the Catholic Church when Nazi Germany

:11:10.:11:12.

demonised Jewish people and then attempted

:11:13.:11:15.

to eradicate Jews from Europe. Another visit by a Pope reminds us

:11:16.:11:21.

about the evil perpetrated But questions remain

:11:22.:11:25.

for the Catholic Church about what it knew at the time

:11:26.:11:30.

of the Nazi death camps and the systematic

:11:31.:11:34.

programme of genocide. A psalm sung by a priest

:11:35.:11:41.

from a Polish village Tom Burridge,

:11:42.:11:43.

BBC News, in Auschwitz. Stay with us on BBC

:11:44.:12:05.

World News, still to come: All the sports news, including, as

:12:06.:12:17.

more athletes arrive in Rio, Russia's entire weightlifting team

:12:18.:12:20.

is banned from the Olympics in the wake of the doping scandal.

:12:21.:12:43.

NASA has ordered an investigation after confirmation that astronauts

:12:44.:12:49.

were cleared to fly while drunk. The last foot patrol in south Armargh.

:12:50.:12:54.

Once an every day part of the soldier's lot, drudgery and danger.

:12:55.:12:57.

Now no more after almost four decades.

:12:58.:13:05.

In a private house not doing any harm to anyone, I don't see why all

:13:06.:13:09.

these people should wander in and say "you are doing something wrong".

:13:10.:13:16.

Six rare white lion cubs are on the prowl and have been met with a roar

:13:17.:13:22.

of approval by visitors. Really sweet and cute.

:13:23.:13:35.

The headlines: An air strike hits a maternity hospital in north-western

:13:36.:13:40.

Syria and reportedly kills two people, as well as wounding others.

:13:41.:13:47.

Florida confirms its first cases of infection from Zika was contracted

:13:48.:13:49.

from local mosquitoes. Russia's entire weightlifting

:13:50.:13:53.

team has been barred from competing at the Rio Olympics

:13:54.:13:58.

by the sport's governing body. Some of their ten possible

:13:59.:14:01.

competitors had been named in a report which exposed

:14:02.:14:05.

Russian state-sponsored doping. Only track and field has had

:14:06.:14:08.

a similar blanket ban. The IOC gave governing bodies

:14:09.:14:10.

the jurisdiction over whether to allow Russian competitors

:14:11.:14:14.

in their discipline. Archery, triathlon, shooting

:14:15.:14:17.

and table tennis are among those to have given the go-ahead,

:14:18.:14:20.

while five sports are There's plenty of toing and froing

:14:21.:14:23.

at the top of the leaderboard on day two of golf's final major

:14:24.:14:32.

of the year the USPGA but the early clubhouse leader at Baltusrol

:14:33.:14:35.

is the Open Champion Henrik Stenson. The Swede shot a 3-under par second

:14:36.:14:39.

round of 67 including an eagle. He's alongside Overnight leader

:14:40.:14:43.

Jimmy Walker on 6-under Patrick Reed is the big mover of the day so far

:14:44.:14:47.

five under for his round alongside England's Andy Sullivan

:14:48.:14:51.

and the Argentine Emiliano Grillo is out in front on 7-under midway

:14:52.:14:54.

through his round. A full scorecard can be found

:14:55.:14:58.

on the BBC Sport website. It's been fairly wet on day two

:14:59.:15:02.

of the Women's British Open at Woburn as well, but not enough

:15:03.:15:06.

to keep the layers off the course... South Korea's Mirim Lee hasn't

:15:07.:15:09.

matched her course record ten-under yesterday,

:15:10.:15:11.

struggled a bit this morning. She carded 71 in her

:15:12.:15:14.

second round but remains German midfielder Bastian

:15:15.:15:16.

Schweinsteiger could be the most high profile casualty

:15:17.:15:20.

of Jose Mourinho's mass clearout of the Manchester United squad,

:15:21.:15:23.

if the media speculation is anything Perhaps a coincidence,

:15:24.:15:26.

but Schweinsteiger announced his retirement from international

:15:27.:15:31.

football on Friday. It comes thre weeks after Germany

:15:32.:15:33.

were knocked out of the Euros The 31-year-old World Cup winner

:15:34.:15:36.

only joined United last year from Bayern Munich for a fee

:15:37.:15:42.

of around $8.5 million Lewis Hamilton may be leading

:15:43.:15:45.

the Formula One title race but his teammate Nico Rosberg sent

:15:46.:15:50.

a timely reminder that he won't be easy to beat, by topping

:15:51.:15:54.

the timesheets in both First and Second Practice ahead

:15:55.:15:58.

of his home Grand Prix All eyes are on Rosberg ahead of the

:15:59.:16:09.

German Grand Prix as we wait the see if he can stop the Lewis Hamilton

:16:10.:16:14.

juggernaut. Hamilton's won five of the last six Grand Prix including

:16:15.:16:19.

last weekend in Hungary and he's now leading the World Championship for

:16:20.:16:23.

the first time. What has Rosberg got left in the tank? He has shown so

:16:24.:16:28.

far today he's still fighting. He was fastest in both of today's

:16:29.:16:33.

practise sessions including being 0. .4 of a second faster than Lewis

:16:34.:16:38.

Hamilton. It's only in qualitifying tomorrow that we'll really find out

:16:39.:16:41.

if his challenge has any depth to it. Off track, it's been been busy.

:16:42.:16:48.

The race director clarified lots of issues today, including specifying

:16:49.:16:56.

that the halo, the much-publicised head protection, is now not going to

:16:57.:17:01.

be introduced in 2017, it's being delayed until 2018, also changes to

:17:02.:17:05.

yellow flags, track limits and all sorts but none of that is going to

:17:06.:17:09.

make any difference to the racing at the front. It's all about Rosberg v

:17:10.:17:14.

Hamilton this weekend. They're way quicker than any other drivers here

:17:15.:17:18.

at Hockenheim. Can Rosberg stop Hamilton?

:17:19.:17:20.

Australia need 185 to win their first test against Sri Lanka

:17:21.:17:23.

in Pellekele on what's been another weather affected day having bowled

:17:24.:17:27.

Sri Lanka out for 353 earlier on Friday.

:17:28.:17:30.

Kusal Mendis was finally dismissed for 176.

:17:31.:17:34.

Australia were 83-3 when rain and bad light brought

:17:35.:17:37.

The yank banking authority's published the results of its 2016

:17:38.:18:00.

stress tests on 51 European banks, the Italian bank, that's the world's

:18:01.:18:06.

oldest bank, been in business since 1472, by far the worst performer in

:18:07.:18:11.

the test. The results seem to indicate that it would collapse

:18:12.:18:16.

entirely if the stress tests were replicated in the real world. It,

:18:17.:18:22.

along with other major yawn banks, including Deutsche Bank, RBS,

:18:23.:18:24.

Barclays and the Bank of Ireland, was one of the worst responses to a

:18:25.:18:30.

series of adviser scenarios, including a major fall in GDP. More

:18:31.:18:39.

on that soon. Now, why are schools in Kenya being set on fire, it's the

:18:40.:18:43.

question many are struggling to understand, as two more schools were

:18:44.:18:47.

burnt overnegotiate. Kenya has been dealing with a wave of arson

:18:48.:18:52.

attacks. We have been to central Kenya, one of the worst affected

:18:53.:18:59.

regions. Scenes like this have become an

:19:00.:19:03.

almost daily occurrence in Kenya. School after school going up in

:19:04.:19:07.

flames at an unprecedented rate. On Friday morning, two more schools

:19:08.:19:11.

were torched. This is the latest school to suffer the arson attacks.

:19:12.:19:16.

Even new buildings reduced to shell an a stark reminder of the events

:19:17.:19:21.

here in past days. This is the second dormitory to be

:19:22.:19:24.

burnt down in this school in the space of one week. The fire is

:19:25.:19:29.

believed to have been started at around that corner at seven at

:19:30.:19:34.

night. The fire raged on and firefighters quickly came in, and

:19:35.:19:37.

together with students, they desperately tried to save their

:19:38.:19:41.

belongings. As you can see, there is not much left of all their personal

:19:42.:19:46.

belongings and their bedding has been destroyed. We have tracked down

:19:47.:19:51.

one of the students who were in the school when this started. He

:19:52.:19:56.

requested to hide his identity for fear of being connected to those who

:19:57.:20:01.

burnt his school. He's uncertain about his final examinations later

:20:02.:20:03.

this year and worried. The banning of school started in

:20:04.:20:19.

western Kenya and spread to other regions. So far, more than 100

:20:20.:20:26.

schools have been affected -- the burning started. This is a worried

:20:27.:20:31.

parent. Her daughter Wes supposed to sit her final exams this year, but

:20:32.:20:35.

is now home after their school was closed following a failed attempt to

:20:36.:20:39.

burn it down. I feel really, really bad. Looking for school fees is

:20:40.:20:43.

hard. This butchering work is not easy. I'm very, very worried for

:20:44.:20:48.

her. The reasons for the attacks remain very unclear. Teachers blame

:20:49.:20:53.

the Government, the Government blames exam sheets. Teachers' unions

:20:54.:20:57.

have threatened to go on a national strike if the Government doesn't

:20:58.:21:01.

close all schools immediately to tackle the crisis. But the

:21:02.:21:05.

Government has rejected the calls. There is no school that is going to

:21:06.:21:10.

be closed. Learning must continue. All our children must be in school.

:21:11.:21:17.

We will deal with the criminals and crooks that are working on

:21:18.:21:21.

undermining the reforms that we are putting in place and trying to

:21:22.:21:27.

blackmail Government. The burnling of schools is not a new phenomena,

:21:28.:21:32.

but the sheer scale and frequency of the attacks has now raised fears and

:21:33.:21:38.

concerns about the uncertain future now facing thousands of students.

:21:39.:21:42.

We told you about the results of the stress tests carried out on European

:21:43.:21:48.

banks a few minutes ago. We were bringing you the results. Let's

:21:49.:21:54.

discuss this more. Theo Legislate is here. What have we discoverd? The

:21:55.:22:01.

European banking authority modelled a big economic shock something as

:22:02.:22:05.

severe as we saw in 2008 to see how the banks would stoned when their

:22:06.:22:09.

bad loans would rise and their profits would fall and whether they

:22:10.:22:13.

had enough in the way of capital buffers, money set aside, to deal

:22:14.:22:19.

with that. It's rigid scenarios that they have put in place. There's no

:22:20.:22:25.

pass or fail, but it's clear some banks have come out of this exercise

:22:26.:22:32.

a lot better than others. The world's oldest bank, Italy's third

:22:33.:22:36.

largest bank, performed very badly indeed. It would basically be wiped

:22:37.:22:43.

out, losing all its capital reserves if such a snarl grow were to happen,

:22:44.:23:00.

now we know. Bank of Ireland, another Italian bank, Uni Credit,

:23:01.:23:08.

performed not particularly well -- scenario.

:23:09.:23:16.

The situation for Italian banks is particularly acute. Given that Italy

:23:17.:23:21.

is in the eurozone, how much worry does this cause the wider European

:23:22.:23:24.

community? It's well known that there is a significant problem with

:23:25.:23:29.

Italy's banks, not just the six that were inClauded in the stress tests

:23:30.:23:32.

but a lot of smaller banks as well. Several of them have got into

:23:33.:23:35.

trouble over the past year, some have been bailed out by the

:23:36.:23:38.

Government. The Government was really anxious not to have to bail

:23:39.:23:44.

out a big bank because in Italy many people who've bought bank bonds,

:23:45.:23:48.

investors, are ordinary people and if the Government bails them out,

:23:49.:23:52.

under Euro law, the investors lose their money. If you can imagine the

:23:53.:23:57.

effect of tens of thousands of ordinary investors losing their

:23:58.:24:01.

savings, what that would do to the Government in Italy would have

:24:02.:24:05.

severe repercussions across the rest of Europe as well. We are seeing a

:24:06.:24:09.

very concerted effort by the Italian government to get something in place

:24:10.:24:14.

tonight or over the weekend to sew that they have the situation in

:24:15.:24:17.

hand. Thank you.

:24:18.:24:22.

Brazil's former President will face trial on charges of obstructing

:24:23.:24:31.

justice. Documents seen in fedical reports in Brazil show he has been

:24:32.:24:35.

charged along with six others. He's been under investigation as part of

:24:36.:24:41.

so-called Operation car wash which is looking into a sprawling

:24:42.:24:47.

corruption scandal focussed on the state-run oil company. The former

:24:48.:24:54.

President denies the allegations. There are several lines coming in

:24:55.:25:00.

from Turkey because the President has said the countries who worry

:25:01.:25:05.

over the fate of the coup plotters instead of Turkey's democracy cannot

:25:06.:25:15.

be its friend. The Turkish President says he'll withdraw all lawsuits for

:25:16.:25:22.

insulting him as a one-off gesture. More lines comeling through after

:25:23.:25:27.

that attempted coup two weeks exactly since we saw that attempted

:25:28.:25:34.

coup take place in Turkey. Let's just go back to a reminder of the

:25:35.:25:39.

main news: The charity Save the Children says a maternity hospital

:25:40.:25:44.

it supports in rebel held area of the Syrian province of Idlib has

:25:45.:25:48.

been sit by an air strike. We believe two people have been killed

:25:49.:25:55.

and potentially staff and people in the hospital injured -- been hit by

:25:56.:25:58.

an air strike. More on that as soon as we get it on BBC World News.

:25:59.:26:01.

Thank you for watching. . Here we are always keeping a close

:26:02.:26:17.

eye on the developing world weather stories. At

:26:18.:26:18.

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