31/07/2016 World News Today


31/07/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

The mother of a dead US Muslim soldier has hit back

:00:08.:00:15.

It's after the Republican presidential hopeful

:00:16.:00:20.

questioned her silence during a speech her husband made

:00:21.:00:23.

when I was standing there, all of America felt my pain without seeing

:00:24.:00:38.

a single word. Please, Mr Trump, feel that pain and you will be

:00:39.:00:40.

better. With just five days to go,

:00:41.:00:44.

Organisers of the Rio Games still don't know which Russian

:00:45.:00:47.

athletes will take part. It is a shame it was not so the day

:00:48.:00:56.

before the games started. We fully support the strongest sanctions for

:00:57.:00:59.

athletes found to be cheating. The rest of the sports news,

:01:00.:01:01.

including victory for this man. Lewis Hamiliton is on a roll

:01:02.:01:05.

The German Grand Prix. We begin with the mother

:01:06.:01:10.

of an American Muslim soldier She has accused Donald Trump of "not

:01:11.:01:22.

knowing what sacrifice means". It's after the Republican

:01:23.:01:30.

presidential hopeful mocked her for standing

:01:31.:01:31.

silent next to her husband while he delivered an emotional

:01:32.:01:34.

speech about their son Mr Trump said Mrs Khan had been

:01:35.:01:36.

forbidden from speaking. Here's Mary Bruce from ABC

:01:37.:01:43.

News with the story. Donald Trump is sparking outrage

:01:44.:01:48.

and disgust with his response We are honoured to stand

:01:49.:01:51.

here as parents of the captain. It was the most raw and emotional

:01:52.:02:00.

moment of the campaign. Khizr Khan had a searing

:02:01.:02:10.

rebuke of Donald Trump. Their son died serving his

:02:11.:02:12.

nation in Iraq. Let me ask you, have you even read

:02:13.:02:22.

the United States Constitution? I think I have made a lot

:02:23.:02:30.

of sacrifices, I work very hard. I have created thousands

:02:31.:02:56.

and thousands of jobs, tens of thousands of jobs,

:02:57.:02:58.

built great structures, Pointing a finger at Humayun Khan's

:02:59.:03:00.

mother, suggesting she did not speak because she was forbidden

:03:01.:03:22.

by her faith. If you look at his wife,

:03:23.:03:24.

she was standing there, she had nothing to say,

:03:25.:03:26.

maybe she was not allowed. The real reason was

:03:27.:03:29.

all-consuming grief. When I was standing there,

:03:30.:03:30.

all America felt my pain. Ghazala Khan ending that

:03:31.:03:38.

report from ABC News. Well, as you saw there,

:03:39.:03:40.

the couple have been Our Washington correspondent

:03:41.:03:42.

David Willis told me further details Ghazala Khan has gone on record now

:03:43.:03:54.

as saying that she was simply too emotional to speak at the Democratic

:03:55.:04:02.

Convention last week. She said seeing pictures of her son displayed

:04:03.:04:06.

on big screens around the auditorium was too much for her. She couldn't

:04:07.:04:12.

rely on herself to speak about him without breaking down. She has

:04:13.:04:15.

accused Donald Trump of having a dark soul, saying that he was

:04:16.:04:21.

ignorant of Islam, ignorant of sacrifice. She also said he believed

:04:22.:04:27.

-- she believed he was totally unfit to lead the country. Mr Trump, for

:04:28.:04:35.

his part, has gone back somewhat. He has called her son and hero and

:04:36.:04:39.

sort, through his campaign team, to re-focus the issue somewhat. By

:04:40.:04:46.

dwelling more on the issue of Islamic terrorism, the people who

:04:47.:04:55.

claimed the lives of Humayun Khan. But he promised the courts would

:04:56.:04:58.

come off after the criticism he attracted at last week laws-mac

:04:59.:05:01.

Democratic convention and clearly he is not in the mid-to back down, even

:05:02.:05:07.

in the face of criticism from people in his own party on issues such as

:05:08.:05:13.

this. -- in the mood. There has been criticism from within

:05:14.:05:18.

the Republican Party. What has their reaction been generally in the US to

:05:19.:05:22.

these comments from Donald Trump? It is interesting. John Keswick, who

:05:23.:05:27.

was also running for the Republican nomination, criticise Donald Trump.

:05:28.:05:33.

So have other members of the Republican Party. Hillary Clinton

:05:34.:05:37.

and Bill Clinton have also criticised. But this is the sort of

:05:38.:05:41.

thing which Donald Trump doesn't tend to back down from. Those who

:05:42.:05:46.

are perhaps expecting to do so on this occasion, even though it has

:05:47.:05:49.

been the convention in the past for leaders to only speak well of those

:05:50.:05:56.

who have suffered in battle, Donald Trump is not the sort of man, it

:05:57.:06:02.

seems, to back down. If there is any suggestion that he might on this

:06:03.:06:05.

occasion, you just have to look at his response today to Mr Khan's

:06:06.:06:12.

remarks. He said that Mr Khan has no right, as he put it, to stand in

:06:13.:06:17.

front of millions of people and make baseless accusations against them.

:06:18.:06:21.

-- against him. Well, let's go to Rio,

:06:22.:06:24.

because there's just five days to go until the start of the Olympics

:06:25.:06:27.

and organisers are yet to decide which Russian

:06:28.:06:29.

athletes will compete. Last week, the International Olympic

:06:30.:06:31.

Committee said it would be up But this week it's

:06:32.:06:33.

all change and a new three-member panel

:06:34.:06:37.

will have the final say. In response, the IOC

:06:38.:06:41.

president has denied the credibility of the organisation

:06:42.:06:43.

has been damaged. Russia's fencing squad may already

:06:44.:06:45.

be here in Rio today collecting their accreditation

:06:46.:06:54.

at the athletes college, but many do not know

:06:55.:06:56.

if they will be able to take part. These are among the 250 Russians

:06:57.:06:59.

cleared to participate in the wake The International Olympic

:07:00.:07:02.

Committee has now said it This afternoon, the president

:07:03.:07:07.

remained defiant. How much damage to the

:07:08.:07:14.

credibility of these games has this caused

:07:15.:07:16.

in the I do not think in the end these

:07:17.:07:18.

will be damaging, because people will realise that we have to take

:07:19.:07:24.

these decisions now. Imagine the situation

:07:25.:07:30.

if we would not have taken a decision, what then

:07:31.:07:32.

the limbo would be. I trust the people that they realise

:07:33.:07:34.

the difficulties we are in. Despite a damning report

:07:35.:07:51.

into state-sponsored doping that sabotaged events

:07:52.:07:52.

like the Sochi Winter Games, the IOC resisted demands of

:07:53.:07:54.

a blanket ban of the Russian team. More than 100 athletes

:07:55.:08:02.

have been banned under but there was a third Russian

:08:03.:08:04.

swimmer who appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport

:08:05.:08:08.

against the exclusion today, This is the Russian handball team

:08:09.:08:10.

and despite the fact that we are just five days away

:08:11.:08:15.

from the start of the Rio games, they are in limbo like so many

:08:16.:08:18.

of their colleagues. They do not know whether or not

:08:19.:08:21.

the IOC will allow them to compete. TRANSLATION: Of course it is not

:08:22.:08:25.

easy, the most difficult thing For those who are not doping,

:08:26.:08:29.

it is not fair. British athletes meanwhile

:08:30.:08:33.

are continuing their preparations Some waiting to find out

:08:34.:08:35.

whether the competition will include It is not unsettling for us,

:08:36.:08:44.

it is a shame it was not sorted out earlier, before

:08:45.:08:48.

the games got started. We fully support the strongest

:08:49.:08:52.

sanctions for athletes but for us it is just

:08:53.:08:54.

about focusing on our own game. These games have already had

:08:55.:09:07.

a troubled build-up, but the IOC's handling of the crisis

:09:08.:09:09.

has ensured the controversy will continue even once

:09:10.:09:12.

the action begins. Now a look at some more

:09:13.:09:13.

top stories this hour. Turkey says a German ban -

:09:14.:09:16.

preventing President Erdogan from addressing a rally

:09:17.:09:18.

of supporters in Cologne - Germany is home to the largest

:09:19.:09:20.

population of Turks And there are concerns such

:09:21.:09:23.

video messages could stoke political tensions

:09:24.:09:26.

following Turkey's failed coup. In a separate development,

:09:27.:09:29.

President Erdogan today tightened his grip on power

:09:30.:09:33.

by bringing the army chief and intelligence agency

:09:34.:09:36.

under his control. The Indian government says it's

:09:37.:09:39.

providing food rations to thousands of Indian workers in Saudi Arabia

:09:40.:09:42.

who have lost their jobs. The workers are mostly employed

:09:43.:09:45.

by Saudi construction companies which have suffered badly

:09:46.:09:48.

because of a drop in oil prices. Many workers haven't been paid

:09:49.:09:50.

for months. Heavy monsoon rains are continuing

:09:51.:10:01.

to flood large parts On Saturday alone, lightning

:10:02.:10:03.

is reported to have killed thirty-six people

:10:04.:10:06.

in India's Orissa state. In Mumbai at least seven

:10:07.:10:07.

died when a building Overall, nearly 200

:10:08.:10:09.

people have been killed. Senate Democrats have called

:10:10.:10:16.

for Congress to end its recess and immediately approve emergency

:10:17.:10:19.

funds for combating The calls come after Florida

:10:20.:10:21.

reported its first cases In the UK, the Government has even

:10:22.:10:29.

suggested the 50,000 British holidaymakers currently in Florida

:10:30.:10:43.

should avoid unprotected sex. It was always a question of when,

:10:44.:10:45.

not if, and now the Zika virus Health officials are going

:10:46.:10:50.

house-to-house to take samples. People are warning people how

:10:51.:10:56.

to avoid getting bitten. A major concern is for pregnant

:10:57.:10:58.

women because of the link to babies The door-to-door urine request has

:10:59.:11:02.

allowed the state of Florida to make the determination that ongoing

:11:03.:11:06.

mosquito transmission is happening When I was in the US territory

:11:07.:11:08.

of Puerto Rico earlier this year, where there has been huge flare-up

:11:09.:11:23.

in cases, health officials told me infections and that they would

:11:24.:11:26.

probably start in Florida. There have so far been

:11:27.:11:29.

more than 1600 cases of Zika on the mainland US,

:11:30.:11:32.

but almost all those people There have been a handful

:11:33.:11:34.

of sexually transmitted A different number travelled back

:11:35.:11:37.

to Florida with more than 300 travel There is a risk of seeing

:11:38.:11:45.

locally transmitted cases because the mosquito which spreads

:11:46.:11:59.

Zika already lives here. Investigations into how Zika

:12:00.:12:01.

arrived here are underway, but it is likely to have

:12:02.:12:03.

come in with a traveller who returned to the States

:12:04.:12:06.

from an area badly hit by the virus. A bloodsucking mosquito,

:12:07.:12:09.

like one of these, probably infected a person or a few people

:12:10.:12:11.

and they brought it back with them, then

:12:12.:12:17.

they were bitten by a local mosquito in Florida and that

:12:18.:12:20.

creature managed to start US health officials do not expect

:12:21.:12:22.

widespread cases in mainland US, but the advice to British people

:12:23.:12:29.

heading for the Sunshine State is to take precautions to avoid

:12:30.:12:32.

getting bitten by mosquitoes. Pregnant women are being advised

:12:33.:12:34.

to change their travel plans. What the Games' tough copyright

:12:35.:12:42.

rules mean you can and can't say. The US Space Agency Nasa has ordered

:12:43.:13:17.

an investigation after confirmation today that astronauts were cleared

:13:18.:13:21.

to fly while drunk. The last foot patrol inside Armagh.

:13:22.:13:26.

Once an everyday part of the soldier's plot, drudgery and danger

:13:27.:13:30.

now know more after almost four decades.

:13:31.:13:34.

If you're in a private house, not doing any harm to anyone, I don't

:13:35.:13:40.

see why people should wander in and say, you're doing something wrong.

:13:41.:13:47.

Six rare white lion cubs are on the prowl at Worcestershire Park and

:13:48.:13:49.

already they have been met with a roar of approval by visitors. They

:13:50.:13:52.

were cute. This is BBC World News Today. Here

:13:53.:14:09.

are the latest headlines. The Republican presidential candidate

:14:10.:14:12.

Donald Trump attracts outrage by knocking the mother of a dead Muslim

:14:13.:14:17.

American soldier. Five days to go until the real Olympics and the IOC

:14:18.:14:21.

has yet to decide which Russians can take part. -- the real Olympics.

:14:22.:14:26.

As we've been hearing, the Olympic Games gets

:14:27.:14:28.

Like any major sporting event, huge sums of money are being invested

:14:29.:14:33.

in Rio 2016 by corporate sponsors - over a billion dollars in fact.

:14:34.:14:39.

Earlier this week, a rule into force restricting how brands that are not

:14:40.:14:42.

official sponsors of the Games can advertise.

:14:43.:14:46.

The rule - named Rule 40 - means personal sponsors such as kit

:14:47.:14:49.

suppliers are not allowed to re-tweet athletes or use any

:14:50.:14:51.

Many words such as "gold", "summer" and "victory" -

:14:52.:14:57.

or even a picture of a medal - cannot be used by non-approved

:14:58.:15:00.

sponsors in any sort of advertising or in posts on social media.

:15:01.:15:06.

Let's get more than this. Charles Taylor is Professor of marketing at

:15:07.:15:12.

Villanova University of business in Pennsylvania. This is a complete

:15:13.:15:19.

minefield, isn't it? What you have is a situation where the sponsors

:15:20.:15:24.

invest an enormous amount of money to be associated with the Olympic

:15:25.:15:30.

games. You have other companies that try to attach themselves to the

:15:31.:15:33.

Olympics in interesting ways sometimes. The motivation for Rule

:15:34.:15:39.

40, which has been around for a long time, is good. The question becomes

:15:40.:15:45.

the execution. And when you start getting into what athletes can see

:15:46.:15:48.

on social media, this is where the controversy comes in. So what will

:15:49.:15:54.

happen if these terms are actually used by non-approved sponsors? Is

:15:55.:16:04.

the athletes and involved, the penalties could even involve taking

:16:05.:16:07.

away medals. I think it would be extremely unlikely that that would

:16:08.:16:10.

happen. It is much more likely that it would be an issue of fines.

:16:11.:16:18.

Frankly, in the past, a lot of the ambush marketers or nonofficial

:16:19.:16:20.

sponsors that have tried to link themselves to the Olympics, without

:16:21.:16:24.

paying money for the sponsorships, have largely gone away with it.

:16:25.:16:29.

We're talking about a lot money here. This is why this rule has come

:16:30.:16:34.

into force. How much money are we actually talking about? The rates of

:16:35.:16:40.

actually went up recently. Panasonic just paid for an eight-year contract

:16:41.:16:47.

to the tune of 350 million US dollars, giving them the right to

:16:48.:16:55.

four Olympics. Historically, it was $100 million for a cycle of two

:16:56.:16:58.

Olympics. But the going rate has gone up recently and the best

:16:59.:17:04.

estimate right now are that it is $200 million to have a four-year

:17:05.:17:08.

cycle when you have two Olympics as one of the global partners. It is

:17:09.:17:12.

really a lot of money. It is incredible. In the world of social

:17:13.:17:18.

media, how practical is this rule? You know, I don't think it is

:17:19.:17:23.

terribly practical. Especially some of the types of what you mentioned,

:17:24.:17:30.

like effort and victory. On the other hand, a reasonable person can

:17:31.:17:35.

see why you don't want a nonofficial sponsor associating a word with

:17:36.:17:41.

gold-medal, words like gold-medal or Olympic rings, with the company that

:17:42.:17:47.

is not an official sponsor. A lot of the athletes have sponsorships for

:17:48.:17:53.

both official sponsors and nonofficial sponsors. So it does

:17:54.:17:58.

make it a little tricky for the athletes but they probably do know

:17:59.:18:00.

the difference and I don't think it is that hard for them to abide by

:18:01.:18:07.

some of the main terminology. Charles Taylor, professor of

:18:08.:18:09.

marketing, thank you very much Thank you very much. Let's get on

:18:10.:18:18.

sport for you. Lewis Hamilton can head off on holiday with a spring in

:18:19.:18:23.

his step after winning the German Grand Prix. He started from second

:18:24.:18:28.

behind his rival Nico Rosberg but the German made a poor getaway,

:18:29.:18:30.

handing only to the Britain will slip into fourth place. Hamilton

:18:31.:18:35.

clinched his sixth victory in seven races to extend his lead over Ross

:18:36.:18:39.

Batty 19 points going into the four-week summer break. -- over Nico

:18:40.:18:48.

Rosberg. The final round of the USPGA is under way but they are well

:18:49.:18:52.

behind schedule after bad rain yesterday meant players had to take

:18:53.:18:56.

on 36 holes on day four. He was a leaderboard. Jimmy Walker

:18:57.:19:04.

is 11 under. Grace is one shot behind him. Last year's when I'm

:19:05.:19:10.

Jason Day is having disappointing round. He has dropped two shots,

:19:11.:19:14.

putting him three shots off the lead. This player held on to win the

:19:15.:19:24.

women's British Open. She survived Apache -- she survived a patchy

:19:25.:19:35.

final-round to win. The Olympics under way next week, and Great

:19:36.:19:39.

Britain's swimmers are tipped for success. They were one of the few

:19:40.:19:43.

disappointments at London 2012. Led by Adam Peaty, they have turned a

:19:44.:19:46.

four man. Our correspondent got up with them at their training camp.

:19:47.:19:52.

Heather Frost was history. The last time a British man won an award big

:19:53.:19:56.

swimming title, Adam Peaty wasn't even born. Just 21, he is a new

:19:57.:20:01.

start of a team that has gone from trailing to triumph. His three goals

:20:02.:20:08.

in last year's World Championships make the man to beat in Rio de

:20:09.:20:12.

Janeiro. If there is pressure, he is not exactly feeling it. You know, I

:20:13.:20:19.

have never really been one of pressure. I don't really know how

:20:20.:20:24.

you get it or whatever. I just see this as an opportunity to do the

:20:25.:20:29.

best thing for my country and the best thing for these guys. Such

:20:30.:20:34.

optimism seems a far cry from the last Olympics, where Becky Adlington

:20:35.:20:39.

and Michael Jamieson were put in's only medallist in the swimming pool.

:20:40.:20:43.

Four years ago in London, Britain's swimmers were one GB's few

:20:44.:20:49.

disappointments. But a fresh approach has revived their fortunes

:20:50.:20:53.

since then. Under Adlington's former coach, they won a record nine medals

:20:54.:20:57.

at the World Championships. Results and morale transformed. The

:20:58.:21:04.

challenge now is to reproduce those results when it really matters. But

:21:05.:21:08.

after the frustration of London, this could finally be British

:21:09.:21:15.

swimming's moment. Yes, we shall see about that. That

:21:16.:21:18.

is all the sport for now. Thank you very much.

:21:19.:21:22.

Let's go to a sporting legend. When Muhammad Ali died in June, the

:21:23.:21:29.

world lost one of its most beloved and inspiring figures. Our

:21:30.:21:32.

correspondent has been to the I Am The Greatest exhibition in London to

:21:33.:21:38.

see how the Olympics encapsulated Muhammad Ali's fighting spirit in

:21:39.:21:42.

and out of the ring. It is part of our new series, including interviews

:21:43.:21:48.

and pictures not seen for over half a century.

:21:49.:21:53.

For most sportsmen and women, and Olympic gold is the pinnacle,

:21:54.:21:55.

But for one young man that gold was just a springboard

:21:56.:22:03.

At 18 years of age at the Rome Olympics in 1960,

:22:04.:22:13.

a light heavyweight boxer called Cassius Clay caught our attention.

:22:14.:22:15.

It took him four bouts and just 11 rounds of boxing to win gold,

:22:16.:22:18.

He was the undisputed star of the ring and of the games.

:22:19.:22:28.

He only had three rounds to fight him, you have to think fast

:22:29.:22:31.

and move fast and it can be overruled quick if you are not

:22:32.:22:34.

careful, if you lose the first one, you have to win the second one

:22:35.:22:37.

and if you win the second, you need the third and if you lose

:22:38.:22:41.

There is a possibility of going onto the next heavyweight

:22:42.:22:46.

champion, colourful, young, flashy, which I'm hip to.

:22:47.:22:57.

That gold confirmed that he would be the greatest.

:22:58.:22:59.

That is exactly what he told people, he was saying I am champion

:23:00.:23:03.

This 18-year-old kid stepped away after winning the Olympics

:23:04.:23:07.

His professional career lasted 20 years, as did his self belief

:23:08.:23:23.

About 180 amateur fights, world Olympic gold winner in Rome

:23:24.:23:27.

and Italy, two-time United States champion.

:23:28.:23:35.

A world heavyweight and I am as pretty as you and

:23:36.:23:39.

By 1996, Muhammad Ali was old and ill before his time.

:23:40.:23:46.

The Olympics again provided him the stage, but in lighting the flame

:23:47.:23:49.

in Atlanta, his fragility was there for all to see.

:23:50.:23:58.

There he stands with that right arm shaking under the lights bravely.

:23:59.:24:01.

He is everyone's sick grandfather to some people,

:24:02.:24:03.

for others a father, a brother, a cousin,

:24:04.:24:05.

a nephew and there is something extraordinarily

:24:06.:24:06.

Muhammad Ali, one-time Olympic medallist, one-time world

:24:07.:24:14.

heavyweight champion, all-time great.

:24:15.:24:21.

Some fascinating insights of the legend, Muhammad Ali. We will end

:24:22.:24:30.

the programme with these pictures from the US, whether daredevil

:24:31.:24:33.

skydiver has become the first person to jump from a height of over seven,

:24:34.:24:39.

those without deploying a parachute. -- seven kilometres. The 42-year-old

:24:40.:24:45.

Luke Aikins jumped from a plane at a height of 25,000 feet. They broke

:24:46.:24:50.

away at 5000 feet, leaving him to make the final descent alone. After

:24:51.:24:55.

three following for two minutes, you landed on a giant net suspended 20

:24:56.:25:02.

stories off the ground in a valley in California. To cheers and

:25:03.:25:07.

applause, he walked over and hugged his wife, who was watching on the

:25:08.:25:12.

ground with their four-year-old son. No doubt an extreme way nervous

:25:13.:25:18.

watch there. -- and extremely nervous.

:25:19.:25:19.

The mother of an American Muslim soldier killed in Iraq has accused

:25:20.:25:23.

the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump

:25:24.:25:25.

of being ignorant of Islam and sacrifice after he mocked her

:25:26.:25:27.

appearance at Thursday's Democratic Party National Convention.

:25:28.:25:32.

With just five days to go before the Olympics, Games' chiefs have

:25:33.:25:35.

said they will have the final say over which Russians get to compete.

:25:36.:25:40.

That's after previously saying the individual sports federations

:25:41.:25:42.

That is it really in the team. Do enjoy the rest of your evening.

:25:43.:26:02.

Goodbye for now. -- that visit from me and the team.

:26:03.:26:03.

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