01/08/2016 World News Today


01/08/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:09.

Countdown to the Rio Olympics - but how safe are the waters

:00:10.:00:12.

for the rowers, sailors and open swimmers?

:00:13.:00:14.

A new report highlights concern about raw human sewage.

:00:15.:00:17.

And visitors are warned about pollution on Rio's

:00:18.:00:19.

I'm Babita Sharma live in Rio - stay with us on World News Today

:00:20.:00:28.

We will be finding out, is this city ready to play host?

:00:29.:00:40.

The United States has carried out air strikes in Libya targeting

:00:41.:00:43.

the Islamic State group in the city of Sirte.

:00:44.:00:45.

A Russian military helicopter is shot down in Syria,

:00:46.:00:48.

Moscow says it was on a humanitarian mission.

:00:49.:00:56.

And ten more cases of Zika are identified in Florida.

:00:57.:00:59.

So, we're almost there - the Olympic Games open at the end

:01:00.:01:17.

A political crisis in Brazil, the Russian doping scandal,

:01:18.:01:28.

The Russians expect the final decision tomorrow,

:01:29.:01:34.

Meanwhile, a report commissioned by the Associated Press

:01:35.:01:37.

suggests Rio's waterways are as filthy as ever.

:01:38.:01:39.

Babita Sharma is live for us in Rio.

:01:40.:01:46.

Does this feel like more than the usual last-minute jitters? It

:01:47.:01:53.

depends who you are talking to. We were down at the beach last night,

:01:54.:01:59.

fielding error where thousands on the beach where super excited about

:02:00.:02:04.

the Olympics. -- filming of Eire, where thousands. It's the first time

:02:05.:02:07.

they have come to South America, let's celebrate it, we have no

:02:08.:02:12.

concerns. And then here, in a lot of critics are saying they have major

:02:13.:02:17.

concerns. The venues, the waterways are not fit for purpose. There is a

:02:18.:02:21.

report out in a few hours ago telling us that after a 16 month

:02:22.:02:26.

long investigation, they believe that Guanabara Bay and another

:02:27.:02:34.

error, two main areas hosting sailing and canoeing, that they have

:02:35.:02:40.

dangerously high contamination. Where the health of athletes can be

:02:41.:02:44.

at risk. That's not the news that officials want to be hearing just a

:02:45.:02:48.

few days before the Olympics begin. The opening ceremony takes place on

:02:49.:02:52.

Friday. What they want us to do is concentrate on what we can see

:02:53.:02:55.

behind us. This tells a completely different story as well. This is

:02:56.:03:00.

going to be our home for the next weeks. It is the Olympic Park.

:03:01.:03:07.

Pristine, brand-new, gleaming and ready for business. Just there in

:03:08.:03:11.

the centre of your screen, you can see the tennis centre. Behind that,

:03:12.:03:16.

the aquatic Centre. And then we have three buildings that will be held to

:03:17.:03:23.

the judo, boxing, wrestling, handball offence. Then the

:03:24.:03:29.

gymnastics area in the official Olympics stadium. Finally, the

:03:30.:03:32.

second of the Aquatics buildings here. That is the stadium home to

:03:33.:03:39.

diving, supplies dimming and water polo. -- diving Matt synchronised

:03:40.:03:47.

swimming. This picture tells a different story, that Rio is open

:03:48.:03:53.

full business and they are going to do it. Two things happened today

:03:54.:03:57.

that hadn't happened before in this city. Olympic lanes came into effect

:03:58.:04:01.

for the first time. Roads are painted green and what they are

:04:02.:04:05.

designed to do is ease the congestion, allowing all the

:04:06.:04:09.

authorised vehicles and athletes to proceed as normal. So far, it is

:04:10.:04:13.

only day one. What we can tell is that they seem to be working. The

:04:14.:04:18.

second thing is that a Metro system is now underway, connecting the

:04:19.:04:24.

south zone, the centre of Rio to the West zone of the Olympic Park.

:04:25.:04:29.

Again, that seems to be working. Passengers numbers, we are expecting

:04:30.:04:34.

500,000 visitors to be coming here in the coming week. Whether or not

:04:35.:04:37.

the infrastructure will be able to cope remains to be seen. People are

:04:38.:04:42.

saying, who is going to benefit from these Olympics? It has cost a lot of

:04:43.:04:49.

money. There are reports that 65,000 local people from the poorer

:04:50.:04:52.

communities that had to be evicted to create what you can see behind

:04:53.:04:55.

me. We have been doing a bit of digging around, trying to find out

:04:56.:04:58.

who the winners and losers are going to be. Here is the report.

:04:59.:05:06.

Rio is a city transformed by the Olympic Games.

:05:07.:05:08.

Billions have been spent on investment in new sports venues,

:05:09.:05:10.

But critics say it's money that should have gone to other,

:05:11.:05:14.

If cities want to prioritise the needs of their citizens,

:05:15.:05:17.

basic education, safety, access to water, food,

:05:18.:05:20.

things that make a good life, the Olympics is clearly not part

:05:21.:05:26.

What the Olympics are about is winners and losers.

:05:27.:05:32.

Few have lost as much as local residents like Dona Maria da Penha.

:05:33.:05:37.

There's nothing left here now, she says, gazing through a fence

:05:38.:05:40.

to a corporate car park where the homes of almost

:05:41.:05:43.

She was bloodied in the battle to save the favela, next

:05:44.:05:51.

to the Olympic Park, but deemed an intolerable eyesore

:05:52.:05:54.

for this global mega-event and bulldozed to the ground.

:05:55.:06:00.

Putting on this showpiece has almost bankrupted the local government.

:06:01.:06:04.

The impact can be seen and smelled everywhere.

:06:05.:06:08.

Cleaning up its chronically polluted waters was another key promise Rio

:06:09.:06:11.

made when it was chosen to host the Games.

:06:12.:06:15.

But it's a pledge that simply hasn't been kept.

:06:16.:06:18.

Guanabara Bay is full of solid waste, sewage and

:06:19.:06:20.

A commitment to treat 80% of the sewage entering this bay

:06:21.:06:27.

has long since been abandoned, the very waters

:06:28.:06:30.

But officials say there will be a legacy, and spending is tight.

:06:31.:06:38.

The Games in Brazil and Rio represent a new model for the Games,

:06:39.:06:44.

a model of games that are more lean, with reduced costs, under control.

:06:45.:06:50.

We have spent less public money to do 20 venues than London spent

:06:51.:06:59.

These Games will be unique because Rio is a unique city,

:07:00.:07:06.

rich and poor living cheek by jowl, but not all reaping the same benefit

:07:07.:07:10.

Days away from the official start of the Olympic games. Aside from all

:07:11.:07:28.

the other issues, people want us to remember that the events, the

:07:29.:07:33.

competition is taking place. We have thousands of athletes descended upon

:07:34.:07:38.

this incredible city. They are already in training, we saw them

:07:39.:07:43.

yesterday in Guanabara Bay. Lots of athletes sightseeing at Christ the

:07:44.:07:47.

Redeemer, catching some time before they get their training underway. In

:07:48.:07:53.

their sites will be winning a medal. Joining me here in Rio is the man

:07:54.:07:56.

that is involved in managing the medal making process.

:07:57.:08:00.

Let's speak now to Victor Hugo Berbert.

:08:01.:08:03.

Alongside him, Beatrice from the press team. There is a method to my

:08:04.:08:15.

madness here. I need a glove, not necessarily to shake my hands, but

:08:16.:08:19.

you have done something wonderful. Bringing in some very special

:08:20.:08:23.

medals. I can't touch them, right? I have to have this instead. Yes.

:08:24.:08:27.

August through what we're going to look at. This is the Bronze one. --

:08:28.:08:41.

talk us through. It has a 0.5 kilograms weight. This is the

:08:42.:08:47.

initial design with the goddess. On the back, the iconic emblem which we

:08:48.:08:51.

have seen all around the city, Rio 2016. I'm not just holding any other

:08:52.:08:57.

bronze medal, and I? If a particular one? It is 100 metres running. The

:08:58.:09:07.

100 metres men's running, possibly the most celebrated race in the

:09:08.:09:11.

world. I don't know if you can see that on the camera, but it is

:09:12.:09:15.

actually etched in right there, men's 100 metres. Beatrice, I'm

:09:16.:09:19.

pleased to say that you haven't just brought me the bronze. Let us take

:09:20.:09:23.

on the other ones as well. We have silver here, which is just coming

:09:24.:09:27.

out. As you take it out of the box, tell me a bit about how it came to

:09:28.:09:33.

fruition, this design and the process of getting this right here.

:09:34.:09:38.

The committee chose the design, then present it to the Brazilian team. We

:09:39.:09:49.

scoped that on clay. And then we started engraving it. I don't want

:09:50.:09:58.

to cling to it too much. They are a little bit heavy. This is the one

:09:59.:10:04.

that we love. Thank you for letting me hold it, I am so excited! This is

:10:05.:10:11.

gold. 100 metres men's gold. I'm holding it! See you later! Can I go?

:10:12.:10:17.

This is what it looks like. What happens if I walked off right now?

:10:18.:10:25.

Don't walk off, don't walk off! So, these are the ones that means so

:10:26.:10:32.

much to the winners. But they do have an economic value of sorts?

:10:33.:10:36.

It's good to calculate this, because it is a lot of work on it, a lot of

:10:37.:10:43.

material. But is a lot of art on it. It's a sculptor. -- it's difficult

:10:44.:10:48.

to calculate. We have a lot of artists that draw, design, scoped

:10:49.:10:52.

and transport into the metal matrix and only strike them. It's an object

:10:53.:11:00.

of art. It really is. It feels like such an honour to hold it. So, we

:11:01.:11:08.

thinking, Blake for Jamaica for the bronze? America for the silver? And

:11:09.:11:17.

you same bolt looking for their third win. I think I look pretty

:11:18.:11:24.

good in it! -- and Bolt looking. Beatrice turned up with these medals

:11:25.:11:31.

in very official manner. Can you show videos? She walked here, up the

:11:32.:11:40.

left, holding a plastic bag with no security. -- can you show the

:11:41.:11:44.

viewers. If you see pitches walking along, stand near to her! I feel so

:11:45.:11:52.

privileged. -- if you see pitches. The design is beautiful. I might

:11:53.:11:59.

keep a hold of this one. What do you think? Doesn't look fetching on me?

:12:00.:12:08.

Can you do the hundred metres just as fast as Bolt? Don't think I need

:12:09.:12:15.

to. I have my hands on it now. Just move away quietly, we will lead you

:12:16.:12:21.

to it! Thank you very much. Lots more from the rear of the next few

:12:22.:12:24.

weeks. -- lots more from Brazil. A Russian helicopter has

:12:25.:12:31.

been shot down in Syria, killing all five members

:12:32.:12:33.

of the military who were on board. The Defence Ministry said the crew

:12:34.:12:35.

were returning to their base after delivering humanitarian aid

:12:36.:12:38.

to the city of Aleppo. It is not clear which group brought

:12:39.:12:40.

the helicopter down. Our security correspondent

:12:41.:12:43.

Frank Gardner reports. Shot down over Syria's Idlib

:12:44.:12:48.

province, this rebel footage shows Moscow says all five of those

:12:49.:12:50.

on board were killed - after it said they were

:12:51.:12:56.

delivering aid to Aleppo. For those still trapped in that

:12:57.:13:05.

northern Syrian city, Pro-government forces have been

:13:06.:13:07.

pushing back a rebel advance The rebels are trying to break

:13:08.:13:12.

the government siege But Syrian troops, backed by Russian

:13:13.:13:16.

air strikes, appear determined For it's quarter of a million

:13:17.:13:21.

inhabitants, the humanitarian Can you consider displacing people

:13:22.:13:27.

from their homes is Of course, people could run away

:13:28.:13:33.

from Aleppo before, besieging it, but they decided to stay

:13:34.:13:43.

because this is their home, this is their land,

:13:44.:13:45.

they want to stay here. The Syrian government says it's

:13:46.:13:51.

opened corridors of free passage for civilians trying

:13:52.:13:54.

to flee the fighting and for any rebels

:13:55.:13:57.

prepared to surrender, but so far only a trickle of people

:13:58.:14:00.

have taken up the offer. And a British surgeon who has been

:14:01.:14:03.

working with local doctors accuses In 2012, the Assad regime

:14:04.:14:06.

actually passed a law to say that it was legitimate

:14:07.:14:14.

to target hospitals, to target doctors,

:14:15.:14:16.

to target civilians. In fact, to target anybody that

:14:17.:14:19.

wasn't involved positively So they made it legal

:14:20.:14:21.

to actually bomb hospitals. Amongst the latest victims

:14:22.:14:30.

of Syria's endless civil war, a 14-year-old child star of a local

:14:31.:14:35.

sitcom set in the ruins of Aleppo. He was killed by a missile

:14:36.:14:40.

as he tried to flee the city The Pentagon says the US has carried

:14:41.:14:43.

out air strikes in Libya against the stronghold

:14:44.:14:53.

of the so-called The airstrikes followed a request

:14:54.:14:54.

by the Libyan government. That is the GNA, the internationally

:14:55.:15:08.

recognised government. This specific targets

:15:09.:15:12.

will be precision targets. These are targets that the GNA has

:15:13.:15:14.

indicated, has already made

:15:15.:15:17.

progress on the ground, significant progress

:15:18.:15:18.

on the But the precision targets

:15:19.:15:24.

that they have asked for our assistance with in which they have

:15:25.:15:28.

had more trouble. These are targets for example I can

:15:29.:15:30.

detail today, was one of the targets It is that kind of

:15:31.:15:34.

precision location, precision target that we will be

:15:35.:15:40.

targeting that the GNA at this point felt like that would be a helpful

:15:41.:15:44.

support for their efforts. The BBC's Aleem Maqbool

:15:45.:15:49.

told us more about what They certainly say that they will

:15:50.:15:51.

continue to support the Libyan They are saying this is at

:15:52.:15:56.

the request of the government of It's also been

:15:57.:16:01.

confirmed by the Prime Minister there, who said there had

:16:02.:16:06.

been significant casualties in Sirte Which they requested

:16:07.:16:12.

to support the gains that the government forces have made

:16:13.:16:15.

around the city in recent weeks. But yes, the Pentagon

:16:16.:16:19.

is saying it is consistent with their

:16:20.:16:26.

policies of the past. Of course, they were heavily

:16:27.:16:27.

criticised in not doing enough sooner when it came to fighting

:16:28.:16:30.

Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. That's where they have been

:16:31.:16:33.

conducting air strikes until now. These are the first in Libya

:16:34.:16:37.

against Islamic State. And they do, Islamic State,

:16:38.:16:41.

have considerable presence in Sirte, but we are talking about

:16:42.:16:45.

around 1500 to 2000 militants there. But they have carried out

:16:46.:16:50.

atrocities, executions and so on. And this is a time

:16:51.:16:57.

when the Government of National Accord

:16:58.:16:59.

are And that's why I think

:17:00.:17:00.

the Pentagon chose to act now. Now a look at some of

:17:01.:17:05.

the day's other news. A compound housing foreign

:17:06.:17:08.

contractors in the Afghan capital, Kabul, has come under attack

:17:09.:17:10.

from Taliban fighters. A truck bomb went off at the gate

:17:11.:17:12.

of the North Gate compound and then In the following gun battle,

:17:13.:17:16.

one police officer and both A leading air crash investigator

:17:17.:17:25.

says he's confident that flight MH370 was deliberately flown

:17:26.:17:28.

into the sea. Larry Vance told an Australian news

:17:29.:17:30.

programme that the erosion on recovered wing parts points

:17:31.:17:32.

to a controlled landing. The plane disappeared with 239

:17:33.:17:37.

people on board in March 2014. The mother-in-law of the Formula One

:17:38.:17:43.

boss, Bernie Ecclestone has been freed in a police operation

:17:44.:17:47.

following her abduction The kidnappers had demanded

:17:48.:17:49.

a $36 million ransom Two suspects were arrested

:17:50.:18:01.

and the victim was not injured. Turkey says it's captured 11

:18:02.:18:05.

soldiers suspected of trying to seize the country's President

:18:06.:18:08.

during the failed They are said to have been caught

:18:09.:18:09.

in a forested area near the resort of Marmaris

:18:10.:18:13.

after a two-week manhunt. Recep Tayyip Erdogan was on holiday

:18:14.:18:16.

in Marmaris on the night of the coup attempt but fled after a tip-off,

:18:17.:18:19.

just before his hotel was raided. More than two weeks after the coup,

:18:20.:18:22.

the last of the renegade soldiers These 11 men are accused

:18:23.:18:29.

of being part of the squad that was sent to seize

:18:30.:18:34.

or kill President Erdogan. Tipped off the last minute,

:18:35.:18:38.

he narrowly evaded Over the weekend, he has announced

:18:39.:18:40.

a sweeping overhaul of the Armed Forces, placing them under

:18:41.:18:46.

full civilian control for the first These measures will make our

:18:47.:18:48.

military much stronger, he promised. They will also, inevitably make

:18:49.:18:59.

the Turkish President even more The government still wants to uproot

:19:00.:19:01.

the influence of this man, preacher Fethullah Gulen who lives

:19:02.:19:09.

in the US and was once He is blamed for

:19:10.:19:12.

instigating the coup. Thousands of his followers have

:19:13.:19:16.

been arrested or sacked. The full ramifications

:19:17.:19:22.

of a botched coup that killed more than 200 people,

:19:23.:19:28.

many of them listed at this memorial, and stunned a country that

:19:29.:19:30.

believe such things were no longer possible,

:19:31.:19:32.

are still being felt here. No one knows how far president

:19:33.:19:36.

Erdogan will go to pursue The raw emotions that have been

:19:37.:19:39.

stirred up are badly straining Turkey's relations with its western

:19:40.:19:50.

partners, who President Erdogan believes should have

:19:51.:20:05.

given him more wholehearted The pro-government rally by Turks

:20:06.:20:07.

in Cologne over the weekend has now provoked

:20:08.:20:10.

a spat with Germany. The German authorities would not

:20:11.:20:12.

allow an address by Mr Erdogan to be broadcast

:20:13.:20:15.

to the crowd. Turkey has stubborn

:20:16.:20:16.

and summoned a senior German

:20:17.:20:17.

diplomat here to complain. There will be friction with the US,

:20:18.:20:19.

too, over requests to extradite

:20:20.:20:21.

Fethullah Gulen. The captured soldiers were jeered

:20:22.:20:22.

by government supporters as The mood in Turkey

:20:23.:20:25.

is angry and fearful. Previous coups have left deep

:20:26.:20:28.

scars on this country. It's been another tough day

:20:29.:20:30.

for the Republican Presidential candidate, Donald Trump,

:20:31.:20:40.

as leading party members distance themselves from his attacks

:20:41.:20:44.

on the family of a Muslim army In an exclusive interview,

:20:45.:20:46.

the captain's father told our North America Editor Jon

:20:47.:20:55.

Sopel he won't ask for an apology This is one fight that people

:20:56.:20:58.

are telling Donald Trump he can't win, but for the moment

:20:59.:21:14.

he isn't listening, media that he had been

:21:15.:21:15.

the subject of a vicious attack Their speech at the Democratic

:21:16.:21:19.

Convention about the death captain posthumously awarded

:21:20.:21:27.

the Bronze Staff for heroism. I asked them if they had committed

:21:28.:21:30.

an attack on Mr Trump. He can insult, he can disrespect

:21:31.:21:35.

women, judges, even the members of his own party, yet

:21:36.:21:39.

when an ordinary citizen of this country, a patriotic

:21:40.:21:45.

American Muslim of this country, says anything about him,

:21:46.:21:47.

he says he has been Ghazala Khan was derided by Mr Trump

:21:48.:21:49.

for not having spoken Without saying a word,

:21:50.:22:00.

I was sitting in their heart. So I was surprised that he

:22:01.:22:14.

doesn't feel the pain. What type of person doesn't

:22:15.:22:18.

feel the pain? You are attacking Mr Trump

:22:19.:22:20.

over his behaviour, very openly. Isn't there a danger that you will

:22:21.:22:25.

get attacked openly as well? In every person's life,

:22:26.:22:30.

there comes a time when you choose to either say what is the call

:22:31.:22:36.

of the time or shy away. I felt my family supported my stand,

:22:37.:22:41.

they said, you should do that, and the burden,

:22:42.:22:46.

we would equally bear. The normal law of politics is that

:22:47.:22:51.

if you are in a hole, you stop digging, but that is not

:22:52.:22:54.

Donald Trump's style. Not only over the Khan family,

:22:55.:22:57.

this weekend he has got in a right tangle over policy towards Ukraine,

:22:58.:23:00.

and having previously said he had a close relationship

:23:01.:23:04.

with Vladimir Putin, he has now clarified

:23:05.:23:06.

he has never met him. It has not been a great few days

:23:07.:23:11.

for the Republican candidate. Jon Sopel, BBC News,

:23:12.:23:14.

Washington. Health authorities in Florida have

:23:15.:23:32.

advised pregnant women not to go to an area where ten more people have

:23:33.:23:42.

been diagnosed with the Zika virus. Our reporter reports from Miami.

:23:43.:23:45.

The tourism industry here in Florida is obviously

:23:46.:23:47.

massive to this part of

:23:48.:23:49.

the world, about 106 million visitors a year come here.

:23:50.:23:51.

And of those, about 1.5 million are British.

:23:52.:23:53.

At any one time, there are

:23:54.:23:54.

A lot of them come to the southern part of Florida around

:23:55.:24:04.

Of course, what we know is that Zika is particularly

:24:05.:24:07.

dangerous for pregnant women and four women thinking of becoming

:24:08.:24:10.

And that's why the Foreign Office has suggested that people

:24:11.:24:16.

consider postponing any nonessential travel if they are pregnant.

:24:17.:24:20.

That's not the advice incidentally that the

:24:21.:24:25.

authorities, the medical authorities, the people that look

:24:26.:24:31.

It's not the advice they are giving Americans.

:24:32.:24:34.

Bystanders forming a human chain to rescue a woman whose car was stepped

:24:35.:24:50.

away in floods. -- swept away. This happened in the state of Maryland.

:24:51.:24:58.

As well as sweeping away cars, storm damaged businesses and homes. Two

:24:59.:25:04.

people died during Saturday night's storms. Thankfully, this particular

:25:05.:25:09.

episode ended happily. Just to remind you of our main news story.

:25:10.:25:15.

A new report highlights 'alarmingly high' air and water pollution

:25:16.:25:18.

in Rio, with just days to go until the start

:25:19.:25:26.

And the United States has carried out air strikes in Libya targeting

:25:27.:25:33.

the Islamic State group in the city of Sirte.

:25:34.:25:41.

Requested by Libya's to recognised government.

:25:42.:25:44.

If you want to get in touch with us here at BBC World News,

:25:45.:25:47.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:48.:26:00.

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