02/08/2016 World News Today


02/08/2016

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The funeral takes place of the elderly priest murdered

:00:00.:00:10.

Tributes pour in as France comes to terms with its latest

:00:11.:00:20.

extremist attack - this time by two French

:00:21.:00:23.

teenagers pledging allegiance to so-called Islamic State.

:00:24.:00:28.

Another day of violence in northern Syria, with reports of a gas attack

:00:29.:00:31.

A drug to prevent HIV can be made available in England,

:00:32.:00:38.

rules the High Court, but who should pay?

:00:39.:00:42.

And wanted in paradise - a teacher for a very small school

:00:43.:00:46.

on a tiny Scottish island - fancy a change of pace?

:00:47.:01:03.

The funeral has taken place of the French priest

:01:04.:01:06.

killed in his church by Islamist extremists.

:01:07.:01:08.

Father Jacques Hamel, who was aged 85, was killed by two

:01:09.:01:11.

French teenagers as he led a service in Rouen in Normandy.

:01:12.:01:16.

The attackers pledged allegiance to the group known as Islamic State.

:01:17.:01:18.

The attack was described by the French prime

:01:19.:01:20.

Our correspondent James Reynolds reports from Rouen

:01:21.:01:24.

The city of Rouen came to its gothic Cathedral to bury

:01:25.:01:32.

The body of 85-year-old Father Jacques Hamel was borne inside.

:01:33.:01:41.

"No-one deserves to die like he did", said Nicol Poplan,

:01:42.:01:46.

"we knew the Father so well, it hurts us so very badly."

:01:47.:01:51.

More than 1,500 mourners heard tributes paid

:01:52.:01:54.

"I love you, uncle", said his niece, Jessica.

:01:55.:02:03.

The Archbishop spoke directly to the assailants

:02:04.:02:09.

TRANSLATION: You who are tormented by diabolical violence, pray that

:02:10.:02:18.

God frees you from the clutches of the demon.

:02:19.:02:20.

The mourners here at the Cathedral will have many questions.

:02:21.:02:28.

Could the French authorities have done more to stop the two attackers

:02:29.:02:32.

from getting to the priest in his church?

:02:33.:02:35.

And, more broadly, what can this country do

:02:36.:02:37.

For some here, the answer is obvious.

:02:38.:02:47.

TRANSLATION: The government must check the prisons, it

:02:48.:02:49.

It must not allow people who try to go and fight

:02:50.:02:57.

Decades ago, Jacques Hamel also left his own country to go to war.

:02:58.:03:04.

He did his military service in Algeria, where the family of one

:03:05.:03:07.

Kareem Beniash's family is also from Algeria,

:03:08.:03:14.

he came here to share the city's grief.

:03:15.:03:16.

We Muslims of France, we have to be with our French

:03:17.:03:19.

We have to be with them and with Christians,

:03:20.:03:24.

especially Christians, because they believe in the same

:03:25.:03:26.

France is a secular state, but this afternoon the old rituals

:03:27.:03:36.

of the Catholic Church had their place.

:03:37.:03:40.

In the 15th Century in Rouen, Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake.

:03:41.:03:43.

This city knows how to grieve for those who died for their faith.

:03:44.:03:46.

In a few minutes I will be speaking to a bikini -- an expert in teenage

:03:47.:04:09.

radicalisation. In Syria, it's been another day

:04:10.:04:12.

of violence in the northern city of Aleppo as rebel fighters have

:04:13.:04:15.

continued their offensive to try and break the siege imposed

:04:16.:04:18.

by government forces. In Idlib province, there have been

:04:19.:04:20.

reports of a gas attack that has Idlib is a Syrian province close to

:04:21.:04:29.

the order of Turkey and it has seen increasing attacks in the past few

:04:30.:04:33.

days. These are people being treated at a local hospital after inhaling

:04:34.:04:38.

toxic smoke. The video is filmed by medical staff where they say

:04:39.:04:44.

poisonous gas was dropped by an aircraft late Monday night. Dozens

:04:45.:04:49.

were treated and later discharged. The town is 20 kilometres east of

:04:50.:04:53.

the area where a Russian military helicopter went down a day earlier.

:04:54.:04:57.

No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack. In

:04:58.:05:02.

Aleppo it has been another day of violence. These are streets of the

:05:03.:05:06.

eastern part of the city held by rebel groups. It has been under

:05:07.:05:12.

siege by government led forces. Rebel fighters launched a major

:05:13.:05:15.

offensive on Sunday night to break the siege and the battle has

:05:16.:05:20.

continued. Rebel groups say they are making quick progress. The Syrian

:05:21.:05:25.

monetary has released this video and says its forces have been fighting

:05:26.:05:32.

back. The Government has denied rebel claims that Kerry is

:05:33.:05:35.

controlled by it have been taken over by the opposition. -- areas.

:05:36.:05:42.

This town is held by so-called Islamic State but a major operation

:05:43.:05:47.

has been underway by a US backed coalition to take control of it from

:05:48.:05:52.

IS. Kurdish fighters are leading the battle and they now claim to have

:05:53.:05:57.

taken over large parts of the town. For Islamic State the town is an

:05:58.:06:02.

important link leading proud of its stronghold rack. And losing it would

:06:03.:06:04.

be a big blow. Prep is a drug that has been

:06:05.:06:08.

labelled a "game-changer" Preexposure prophylaxis is what it

:06:09.:06:11.

actually stands for. But who should be responsible

:06:12.:06:16.

for paying for it? Here in the UK, the High Court has

:06:17.:06:19.

just ruled that the National Health Previously, they said it should be

:06:20.:06:22.

funded by local authorities. Let's look at why campaigners say

:06:23.:06:27.

access to Prep is such Prep has been shown

:06:28.:06:30.

to reduce the risk of HIV A handful of countries use it,

:06:31.:06:35.

including the US and France, to help protect the most

:06:36.:06:40.

at-risk gay men. The once-a-day pill

:06:41.:06:49.

can cost up to ?400- or around 500 US dollars -

:06:50.:06:50.

a month per person and works by disabling the virus

:06:51.:06:53.

and preventing it from multiplying. His life was put on hold when he was

:06:54.:07:09.

diagnosed HIV positive. He thought he had been chosen for a trial of

:07:10.:07:14.

the drug now known to prevent infection but he missed out. Years

:07:15.:07:18.

back now to his training as a circus performer and says the argument in

:07:19.:07:22.

favour of the drug known as Prep is clear. That is one of the things, it

:07:23.:07:29.

stops the transmission of the fact but also the psychological effects

:07:30.:07:33.

of being diagnosed with HIV which destroys peoples lives. Trials have

:07:34.:07:39.

shown is Prep to be highly effective for those most at risk from HIV. The

:07:40.:07:44.

NHS argument was that the England local authorities are responsible

:07:45.:07:47.

for sexual health and prevention survey should pay for it. That was

:07:48.:07:53.

rejected by a High Court judge. If you ignore AIDS it could be the

:07:54.:07:56.

death of use of both die of ignorance. AIDS is no longer on the

:07:57.:08:00.

threat it was at the time of this advert in the 1990s. Thanks to new

:08:01.:08:07.

drugs, HIV patients are much less likely to develop AIDS but

:08:08.:08:11.

campaigners say reducing the HIV infection rate is a priority and the

:08:12.:08:15.

ruling is significant. We are delighted. It is such an important

:08:16.:08:20.

decision which could have a great impact for people at risk of HIV.

:08:21.:08:26.

Why do you say the NHS should pay to protect people when they look after

:08:27.:08:31.

themselves by having protected sex? The majority of gay men to protect

:08:32.:08:35.

themselves by using a condom is and we know from studies that it condom

:08:36.:08:40.

use is much higher than with the general population. As with the

:08:41.:08:45.

general population, a lot of people are not successfully able to use

:08:46.:08:48.

them every single time. NHS England says it will appeal against the High

:08:49.:08:53.

Court ruling and even if it fails they are no -- under no obligation

:08:54.:09:00.

to fund the drug or consider the effectiveness alongside other health

:09:01.:09:07.

conditions. Prep will be seen and considered alongside 13 other

:09:08.:09:11.

treatments including children with cystic fibrosis, prosthetic limbs

:09:12.:09:18.

and certain types of implants. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

:09:19.:09:21.

are facing the same dilemma as they try to come to a decision on Prep.

:09:22.:09:27.

As far as Siddique is concerned, the new drug deserves a fair hearing. I

:09:28.:09:32.

missed a chance and that is why an advocate for Prep. Other people in

:09:33.:09:36.

my position on the right knowledge that can be provided. Themselves

:09:37.:09:42.

from contracting HIV. Even though I am fit, it is still hitting me every

:09:43.:09:47.

time I think about it. For more I'm joined by Yusef Azad

:09:48.:09:51.

from the National Aids Trust, who led the legal challenge

:09:52.:09:54.

against the National Health Service. Why is Prep so important,

:09:55.:09:56.

given the range of other precautions Why should the National Health

:09:57.:10:06.

Service pay for a drug when people can take action and practice safe

:10:07.:10:11.

sex themselves and protect themselves? Prevention is always

:10:12.:10:16.

cheaper and better than treatment. Spending money on Prep is cheaper

:10:17.:10:22.

than spending money on a lifetime of treatment for someone who could have

:10:23.:10:27.

not got HIV if they were on Prep. It is still more expensive than

:10:28.:10:30.

spending money on someone who has protected themselves through taking

:10:31.:10:36.

responsibilities. Asking for Prep is responsible and we need to push back

:10:37.:10:41.

on the idea that they are possibly being irresponsible. They want to

:10:42.:10:44.

protect themselves and their sexual partners from the risk of HIV coming

:10:45.:10:49.

to your important point, condom is, apart from anything else, Prep

:10:50.:10:56.

doesn't protect from other sexually transmitted infections. No one is

:10:57.:11:02.

proposing that Prep replaces condom use. Studies in the real world, Prep

:11:03.:11:09.

doesn't replace condom use. We have been promoting condom use for 30

:11:10.:11:13.

years. If we were able to get 100% of people to use them all the time

:11:14.:11:17.

we would have done it by now. Even with all the proportion -- promotion

:11:18.:11:23.

we do now, daybreak and people are not in the Right Reverend find at

:11:24.:11:29.

the right time. In some ways they are not always wearing it. We need

:11:30.:11:34.

to add to condom use with a further prevention option which will do

:11:35.:11:38.

something to reduce the still high rate of HIV transmission in this

:11:39.:11:43.

country. The message that you mentioned, 30 years of campaigning

:11:44.:11:47.

for condom use, it hasn't worked 100%, but don't you feel the

:11:48.:11:50.

availability for something like Prep could undermine the message even

:11:51.:11:56.

further? No, because we would be advocating, as would the NHS, if it

:11:57.:12:01.

is provided through them, a combination of prevention options.

:12:02.:12:05.

The study that has taken place, people did not migrate from condoms

:12:06.:12:09.

when they started ticking Prep. They used both. There was no different in

:12:10.:12:16.

STI rates between those on Prep and not on Prep. They will go every

:12:17.:12:20.

three months to pick up the drugs and have a full checkup and also be

:12:21.:12:25.

offered condom is talk through issues they would have over safer

:12:26.:12:29.

sex. This is about belt and braces and about strengthening further our

:12:30.:12:34.

response to sexual health risk. It isn't encouraging people to move

:12:35.:12:39.

from one option to another. NHS England has said it will appeal

:12:40.:12:43.

this. Where do you see this going next? We are disappointed, because I

:12:44.:12:50.

have never read a judgment which soak come principally comes out in

:12:51.:12:54.

favour of every point that we made, that process will go on. We are

:12:55.:12:58.

disappointed because it could delay things even further. It is kicking

:12:59.:13:05.

he can down the road while everyday, eight gay men acquire HIV, many of

:13:06.:13:10.

them could benefit from Prep. NHS England have said they will now

:13:11.:13:14.

restart the decision-making process that they to everyone's astonishment

:13:15.:13:19.

abandoned in March, so they will be ready with a view on Prep, depending

:13:20.:13:25.

on the outcome of the appeal. But our message to NHS England is, you

:13:26.:13:30.

say you prioritise prevention, this is a fabulous prevention option. It

:13:31.:13:34.

is a much cheaper than lifelong treatment. Provided as soon as

:13:35.:13:37.

possible. Thank you very much. Now a look at some of

:13:38.:13:40.

the day's other news. The president of the International

:13:41.:13:45.

Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach, has called for a complete overhaul

:13:46.:13:47.

of sport's anti-doping system. At a meeting of the IOC in Rio ahead

:13:48.:13:50.

of the opening of the Olympics on Friday, Mr Bach said he wanted

:13:51.:13:53.

a more robust, efficient system The newly elected governor of Tokyo

:13:54.:13:56.

has promised a formal review of the city's preparations

:13:57.:14:00.

for the 2020 Olympic Games. In her second day in office,

:14:01.:14:03.

Yuriko Koike said an independent panel would assess whether tax money

:14:04.:14:06.

had been used appropriately. The Tokyo Games have been plagued

:14:07.:14:13.

with setbacks over the cost and The Rio Olympics opens on Friday,

:14:14.:14:16.

and one of the likely stars could be The 24-year-old will

:14:17.:14:27.

compete in the 100 and 200 Which brings to mind another Dutch

:14:28.:14:30.

woman who changed the way the world For our Greats of the Games series,

:14:31.:14:35.

David Eades looks back at the 1948 Olympics when Fanny Blankers Koen,

:14:36.:14:40.

a 30-year-old mother-of-two, demolished records,

:14:41.:14:42.

rivals and prejudices. Postwar Wembley and the unveiling

:14:43.:14:53.

of the role of honour after the first Olympics

:14:54.:15:02.

since the Berlin games in 1936. The 14th Olympiad took place

:15:03.:15:09.

in London, the first It was a huge relief

:15:10.:15:11.

that it happened at all. It was also the first time that

:15:12.:15:21.

a female athlete emerged as arguably In the 100 metre dash,

:15:22.:15:24.

everyone else seems to be standing still as The Flying Dutchwoman turns

:15:25.:15:37.

on the power. In the late 40s, her dominance

:15:38.:15:39.

was as complete as any athlete. In London, it translated into gold

:15:40.:15:49.

medals in the 100 metres, Women doing sport at all

:15:50.:15:52.

was kind of frowned on, let alone a 30-year-old

:15:53.:16:02.

with two small children. She was kind of beyond her time

:16:03.:16:05.

in the 30s and 40s. She may have won the high jump

:16:06.:16:13.

and long jump, but was only allowed to compete in three

:16:14.:16:21.

individual events. Make no mistake, her nickname

:16:22.:16:26.

of the Flying Housewife hinted She was single-minded

:16:27.:16:30.

and determined, nothing interested It seems like she was not just one

:16:31.:16:36.

hell of an athlete but also No hiding the esteem

:16:37.:16:42.

in which she was held But for that war, she might have

:16:43.:16:49.

competed in five Olympics. In 1948, her place in Olympic

:16:50.:16:58.

history was sealed. Let's go back to our top story, the

:16:59.:17:17.

funeral in France of the Catholic priest killed in an Islamist attack

:17:18.:17:21.

last week. I have been speaking to Farhad Khosrokhavar via webcam from

:17:22.:17:26.

Paris. He is and Iranians born sociologist and author specialising

:17:27.:17:29.

in teenage radicalisation. I asked him how the issue of radicalisation

:17:30.:17:35.

may change France in the future. My guess is that European society has

:17:36.:17:38.

to get used to it, other they will have lots of anger, anxiety, anguish

:17:39.:17:45.

and so on. This phenomenon will last at least another decade. The next

:17:46.:17:54.

ten years to come, Europe will be the theatre of this sort of

:17:55.:18:02.

terrorist attack by Daesh, the self-proclaimed Islamic State in

:18:03.:18:07.

Syria in Syria and Iraq. One way is to accept the risks and to behave

:18:08.:18:15.

not in an anguished way. Is it always right, the sense that whoever

:18:16.:18:21.

carries out this attack or kind of attack, feels isolated and

:18:22.:18:24.

segregated to some extent, because even last week one of the teenagers

:18:25.:18:28.

who carry out the attack on the priest was a very integrated part of

:18:29.:18:31.

the community from a very normal family. Yes, you are right. There is

:18:32.:18:39.

a kind of copycat effect. There are lots of people who have mental

:18:40.:18:46.

problems, psychological problems, who get involved in this sort of

:18:47.:18:49.

thing. The problem is the more you make noise about that, the more you

:18:50.:18:57.

show some sort of anger, the more they are encouraged to act, those

:18:58.:19:01.

people who are mentally disturbed. That is one of the major problems.

:19:02.:19:08.

They should be treated as being vulgar, non-existent people rather

:19:09.:19:14.

than negative heroes, that means that by giving them the sort of

:19:15.:19:19.

importance through the media and so on, you treat them as being super

:19:20.:19:24.

heroes. You have written extensively about the problems with

:19:25.:19:27.

radicalisation in prison, give us a sense of how big a problem that is.

:19:28.:19:33.

The problem of radicalisation in prison is very complex. You cannot

:19:34.:19:37.

do it in three minutes. There is one side of it which is based on the

:19:38.:19:42.

fact that imprisons you have most half of the inmates who are Muslims.

:19:43.:19:49.

But necessarily practising, but they feel humiliated. -- not necessarily.

:19:50.:19:57.

At the same time, there are short-term prisons in which you have

:19:58.:20:00.

huge numbers of young people in small cells and sometimes two or

:20:01.:20:07.

three in a nine square metres sell without any kind of facility so that

:20:08.:20:13.

they feel they are humiliated and they developed this sort of hatred

:20:14.:20:17.

towards society. And they build some kind of type with the others, self

:20:18.:20:27.

proclaiming, and in French prisons it is another contributing factor to

:20:28.:20:33.

worst this situation. Farhad Khosrokhavar, a sociologist there in

:20:34.:20:34.

Paris. President Obama has weighed

:20:35.:20:35.

in on the row between Donald Trump and the parents of a Muslim soldier

:20:36.:20:38.

who died serving He said this shows the extent to

:20:39.:20:50.

which Mr Trump is unfit to serve as president. He also criticised

:20:51.:20:53.

republican leaders for continuing south to support him despite having

:20:54.:20:56.

to distance themselves from his remarks. I think you republican

:20:57.:21:03.

nominee is unfit to serve as president. I said so last week. He

:21:04.:21:09.

keeps on proving it. I think what has been interesting is the repeated

:21:10.:21:21.

enunciation is of his statements -- Annunciation is, by leading

:21:22.:21:29.

republicans including the Speaker of the house and the Senate Majority

:21:30.:21:33.

Leader and prominent republicans like John McCain. The question I

:21:34.:21:39.

think that they have to ask themselves is, if you are repeatedly

:21:40.:21:48.

having to say, in very strong terms, that what he has said is

:21:49.:21:53.

unacceptable, why are you still endorsing him? Donald Trump has

:21:54.:22:01.

released a statement saying Hillary Clinton is unfit for government.

:22:02.:22:05.

Earlier he also compared his Democratic rival to the devil during

:22:06.:22:08.

a campaign speech in Pennsylvania. He made the remark while criticising

:22:09.:22:13.

her former party rival Bernie Sanders for backing Hillary Clinton

:22:14.:22:15.

during the recent Democratic National Convention. Then when they

:22:16.:22:22.

showed Bernie very angry, he made a bad deal. He should have not made

:22:23.:22:27.

that deal. He would have gone down as doing something really important.

:22:28.:22:30.

Once he made that deal, and believe me he has buyers remorse, this guy

:22:31.:22:35.

has buyers remorse. He looked at that and he was so angry when they

:22:36.:22:39.

were talking about him and his people were angry and they should

:22:40.:22:43.

be. If he had just not done anything, go home, go to sleep,

:22:44.:22:47.

relax, he would have been a hero but he made a deal with the devil. She

:22:48.:22:53.

is the devil. And it is only just the beginning.

:22:54.:22:59.

Beautiful beaches, an abundance of wildlife, extraordinary scenery

:23:00.:23:03.

and a school where the class has just a handful of pupils.

:23:04.:23:05.

But the tiny Scottish island of Muck is having trouble

:23:06.:23:08.

recruiting a teacher for the start of the new term.

:23:09.:23:10.

Parents have launched their own, online, search for someone

:23:11.:23:12.

with a love of the outdoors who can cope with the unique

:23:13.:23:15.

lifestyle a Scottish island has to offer.

:23:16.:23:17.

Our Scotland Correspondent Lorna Gordon has been to visit the Isle

:23:18.:23:20.

Meet David, Jasper, Daniel, Kitty, Willow, Tara and Hugh.

:23:21.:23:23.

Almost the entire school roll on Muck.

:23:24.:23:25.

The new term starts in a fortnight and they still need a teacher.

:23:26.:23:28.

So their families have taken to social media

:23:29.:23:30.

to try to sell the job, and the island.

:23:31.:23:36.

I want a teacher that knows how to garden.

:23:37.:23:38.

A teacher that knows how to, you know, teach lots of things.

:23:39.:23:49.

I'd like a fun, imaginative and happy teacher.

:23:50.:23:53.

Muck is the smallest of Scotland's small isles, its one road a little

:23:54.:23:56.

You won't find a classroom like this anywhere else.

:23:57.:24:03.

Idyllic in the summer sunshine, but in winter very different.

:24:04.:24:06.

The island can get cut off, sometimes for days, and the outgoing

:24:07.:24:10.

teacher says her replacement will have to come prepared.

:24:11.:24:13.

Some days there is, you know, a short distance from the school

:24:14.:24:18.

to the hall and some days we wouldn't try that,

:24:19.:24:20.

it would be too windy to risk taking the children in that direction.

:24:21.:24:24.

So when I say good waterproofs, really good waterproofs!

:24:25.:24:29.

The island is at the mercy of the weather and the Atlantic waters.

:24:30.:24:32.

Letters, food supplies and the doctor all have to come by boat.

:24:33.:24:37.

There are other rural and remote communities in Scotland

:24:38.:24:40.

which from time to time also have problems recruiting a teacher

:24:41.:24:43.

and then getting them to stay long-term.

:24:44.:24:47.

And while there can be challenges in a place like this,

:24:48.:24:49.

It's a beautiful island, it's a very, very good,

:24:50.:24:54.

strong sense of community and everybody wants to,

:24:55.:24:58.

you know, everybody helps each other out.

:24:59.:25:01.

That can be handy when a trip to the shops requires a near 20 mile

:25:02.:25:05.

Life this remote is not an easy sell.

:25:06.:25:10.

And time is not tight until the new school year.

:25:11.:25:14.

It's going to be difficult for the kids, they've had

:25:15.:25:17.

such a wonderful teacher for the last couple of years.

:25:18.:25:24.

Any uncertainty like that is quite unsettling, not just for the kids,

:25:25.:25:26.

The children will have supply teachers until a permanent

:25:27.:25:30.

They know here that island life is not for everyone,

:25:31.:25:34.

but there's already been interest from across the world

:25:35.:25:38.

They hope someone will fall in love with Muck, and its school.

:25:39.:25:43.

Lorna Gordon, BBC News, on the Isle of Muck.

:25:44.:25:53.

If you want to get in touch with us here at BBC World News,

:25:54.:25:56.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:57.:26:06.

Tuesday has proved to be a hugely disappointing day across many parts

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of the British Isles.

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