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The funeral takes place of the elderly priest murdered
Tributes pour in as France comes to terms with its latest
extremist attack - this time by two French
teenagers pledging allegiance to so-called Islamic State.
Another day of violence in northern Syria, with reports of a gas attack
A drug to prevent HIV can be made available in England,
rules the High Court, but who should pay?
And wanted in paradise - a teacher for a very small school
on a tiny Scottish island - fancy a change of pace?
The funeral has taken place of the French priest
killed in his church by Islamist extremists.
Father Jacques Hamel, who was aged 85, was killed by two
French teenagers as he led a service in Rouen in Normandy.
The attackers pledged allegiance to the group known as Islamic State.
The attack was described by the French prime
Our correspondent James Reynolds reports from Rouen
The city of Rouen came to its gothic Cathedral to bury
The body of 85-year-old Father Jacques Hamel was borne inside.
"No-one deserves to die like he did", said Nicol Poplan,
"we knew the Father so well, it hurts us so very badly."
More than 1,500 mourners heard tributes paid
"I love you, uncle", said his niece, Jessica.
The Archbishop spoke directly to the assailants
TRANSLATION: You who are tormented by diabolical violence, pray that
God frees you from the clutches of the demon.
The mourners here at the Cathedral will have many questions.
Could the French authorities have done more to stop the two attackers
from getting to the priest in his church?
And, more broadly, what can this country do
For some here, the answer is obvious.
TRANSLATION: The government must check the prisons, it
It must not allow people who try to go and fight
Decades ago, Jacques Hamel also left his own country to go to war.
He did his military service in Algeria, where the family of one
Kareem Beniash's family is also from Algeria,
he came here to share the city's grief.
We Muslims of France, we have to be with our French
We have to be with them and with Christians,
especially Christians, because they believe in the same
France is a secular state, but this afternoon the old rituals
of the Catholic Church had their place.
In the 15th Century in Rouen, Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake.
This city knows how to grieve for those who died for their faith.
In a few minutes I will be speaking to a bikini -- an expert in teenage
radicalisation. In Syria, it's been another day
of violence in the northern city of Aleppo as rebel fighters have
continued their offensive to try and break the siege imposed
by government forces. In Idlib province, there have been
reports of a gas attack that has Idlib is a Syrian province close to
the order of Turkey and it has seen increasing attacks in the past few
days. These are people being treated at a local hospital after inhaling
toxic smoke. The video is filmed by medical staff where they say
poisonous gas was dropped by an aircraft late Monday night. Dozens
were treated and later discharged. The town is 20 kilometres east of
the area where a Russian military helicopter went down a day earlier.
No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack. In
Aleppo it has been another day of violence. These are streets of the
eastern part of the city held by rebel groups. It has been under
siege by government led forces. Rebel fighters launched a major
offensive on Sunday night to break the siege and the battle has
continued. Rebel groups say they are making quick progress. The Syrian
monetary has released this video and says its forces have been fighting
back. The Government has denied rebel claims that Kerry is
controlled by it have been taken over by the opposition. -- areas.
This town is held by so-called Islamic State but a major operation
has been underway by a US backed coalition to take control of it from
IS. Kurdish fighters are leading the battle and they now claim to have
taken over large parts of the town. For Islamic State the town is an
important link leading proud of its stronghold rack. And losing it would
be a big blow. Prep is a drug that has been
labelled a "game-changer" Preexposure prophylaxis is what it
actually stands for. But who should be responsible
for paying for it? Here in the UK, the High Court has
just ruled that the National Health Previously, they said it should be
funded by local authorities. Let's look at why campaigners say
access to Prep is such Prep has been shown
to reduce the risk of HIV A handful of countries use it,
including the US and France, to help protect the most
at-risk gay men. The once-a-day pill
can cost up to ?400- or around 500 US dollars -
a month per person and works by disabling the virus
and preventing it from multiplying. His life was put on hold when he was
diagnosed HIV positive. He thought he had been chosen for a trial of
the drug now known to prevent infection but he missed out. Years
back now to his training as a circus performer and says the argument in
favour of the drug known as Prep is clear. That is one of the things, it
stops the transmission of the fact but also the psychological effects
of being diagnosed with HIV which destroys peoples lives. Trials have
shown is Prep to be highly effective for those most at risk from HIV. The
NHS argument was that the England local authorities are responsible
for sexual health and prevention survey should pay for it. That was
rejected by a High Court judge. If you ignore AIDS it could be the
death of use of both die of ignorance. AIDS is no longer on the
threat it was at the time of this advert in the 1990s. Thanks to new
drugs, HIV patients are much less likely to develop AIDS but
campaigners say reducing the HIV infection rate is a priority and the
ruling is significant. We are delighted. It is such an important
decision which could have a great impact for people at risk of HIV.
Why do you say the NHS should pay to protect people when they look after
themselves by having protected sex? The majority of gay men to protect
themselves by using a condom is and we know from studies that it condom
use is much higher than with the general population. As with the
general population, a lot of people are not successfully able to use
them every single time. NHS England says it will appeal against the High
Court ruling and even if it fails they are no -- under no obligation
to fund the drug or consider the effectiveness alongside other health
conditions. Prep will be seen and considered alongside 13 other
treatments including children with cystic fibrosis, prosthetic limbs
and certain types of implants. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
are facing the same dilemma as they try to come to a decision on Prep.
As far as Siddique is concerned, the new drug deserves a fair hearing. I
missed a chance and that is why an advocate for Prep. Other people in
my position on the right knowledge that can be provided. Themselves
from contracting HIV. Even though I am fit, it is still hitting me every
time I think about it. For more I'm joined by Yusef Azad
from the National Aids Trust, who led the legal challenge
against the National Health Service. Why is Prep so important,
given the range of other precautions Why should the National Health
Service pay for a drug when people can take action and practice safe
sex themselves and protect themselves? Prevention is always
cheaper and better than treatment. Spending money on Prep is cheaper
than spending money on a lifetime of treatment for someone who could have
not got HIV if they were on Prep. It is still more expensive than
spending money on someone who has protected themselves through taking
responsibilities. Asking for Prep is responsible and we need to push back
on the idea that they are possibly being irresponsible. They want to
protect themselves and their sexual partners from the risk of HIV coming
to your important point, condom is, apart from anything else, Prep
doesn't protect from other sexually transmitted infections. No one is
proposing that Prep replaces condom use. Studies in the real world, Prep
doesn't replace condom use. We have been promoting condom use for 30
years. If we were able to get 100% of people to use them all the time
we would have done it by now. Even with all the proportion -- promotion
we do now, daybreak and people are not in the Right Reverend find at
the right time. In some ways they are not always wearing it. We need
to add to condom use with a further prevention option which will do
something to reduce the still high rate of HIV transmission in this
country. The message that you mentioned, 30 years of campaigning
for condom use, it hasn't worked 100%, but don't you feel the
availability for something like Prep could undermine the message even
further? No, because we would be advocating, as would the NHS, if it
is provided through them, a combination of prevention options.
The study that has taken place, people did not migrate from condoms
when they started ticking Prep. They used both. There was no different in
STI rates between those on Prep and not on Prep. They will go every
three months to pick up the drugs and have a full checkup and also be
offered condom is talk through issues they would have over safer
sex. This is about belt and braces and about strengthening further our
response to sexual health risk. It isn't encouraging people to move
from one option to another. NHS England has said it will appeal
this. Where do you see this going next? We are disappointed, because I
have never read a judgment which soak come principally comes out in
favour of every point that we made, that process will go on. We are
disappointed because it could delay things even further. It is kicking
he can down the road while everyday, eight gay men acquire HIV, many of
them could benefit from Prep. NHS England have said they will now
restart the decision-making process that they to everyone's astonishment
abandoned in March, so they will be ready with a view on Prep, depending
on the outcome of the appeal. But our message to NHS England is, you
say you prioritise prevention, this is a fabulous prevention option. It
is a much cheaper than lifelong treatment. Provided as soon as
possible. Thank you very much. Now a look at some of
the day's other news. The president of the International
Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach, has called for a complete overhaul
of sport's anti-doping system. At a meeting of the IOC in Rio ahead
of the opening of the Olympics on Friday, Mr Bach said he wanted
a more robust, efficient system The newly elected governor of Tokyo
has promised a formal review of the city's preparations
for the 2020 Olympic Games. In her second day in office,
Yuriko Koike said an independent panel would assess whether tax money
had been used appropriately. The Tokyo Games have been plagued
with setbacks over the cost and The Rio Olympics opens on Friday,
and one of the likely stars could be The 24-year-old will
compete in the 100 and 200 Which brings to mind another Dutch
woman who changed the way the world For our Greats of the Games series,
David Eades looks back at the 1948 Olympics when Fanny Blankers Koen,
a 30-year-old mother-of-two, demolished records,
rivals and prejudices. Postwar Wembley and the unveiling
of the role of honour after the first Olympics
since the Berlin games in 1936. The 14th Olympiad took place
in London, the first It was a huge relief
that it happened at all. It was also the first time that
a female athlete emerged as arguably In the 100 metre dash,
everyone else seems to be standing still as The Flying Dutchwoman turns
on the power. In the late 40s, her dominance
was as complete as any athlete. In London, it translated into gold
medals in the 100 metres, Women doing sport at all
was kind of frowned on, let alone a 30-year-old
with two small children. She was kind of beyond her time
in the 30s and 40s. She may have won the high jump
and long jump, but was only allowed to compete in three
individual events. Make no mistake, her nickname
of the Flying Housewife hinted She was single-minded
and determined, nothing interested It seems like she was not just one
hell of an athlete but also No hiding the esteem
in which she was held But for that war, she might have
competed in five Olympics. In 1948, her place in Olympic
history was sealed. Let's go back to our top story, the
funeral in France of the Catholic priest killed in an Islamist attack
last week. I have been speaking to Farhad Khosrokhavar via webcam from
Paris. He is and Iranians born sociologist and author specialising
in teenage radicalisation. I asked him how the issue of radicalisation
may change France in the future. My guess is that European society has
to get used to it, other they will have lots of anger, anxiety, anguish
and so on. This phenomenon will last at least another decade. The next
ten years to come, Europe will be the theatre of this sort of
terrorist attack by Daesh, the self-proclaimed Islamic State in
Syria in Syria and Iraq. One way is to accept the risks and to behave
not in an anguished way. Is it always right, the sense that whoever
carries out this attack or kind of attack, feels isolated and
segregated to some extent, because even last week one of the teenagers
who carry out the attack on the priest was a very integrated part of
the community from a very normal family. Yes, you are right. There is
a kind of copycat effect. There are lots of people who have mental
problems, psychological problems, who get involved in this sort of
thing. The problem is the more you make noise about that, the more you
show some sort of anger, the more they are encouraged to act, those
people who are mentally disturbed. That is one of the major problems.
They should be treated as being vulgar, non-existent people rather
than negative heroes, that means that by giving them the sort of
importance through the media and so on, you treat them as being super
heroes. You have written extensively about the problems with
radicalisation in prison, give us a sense of how big a problem that is.
The problem of radicalisation in prison is very complex. You cannot
do it in three minutes. There is one side of it which is based on the
fact that imprisons you have most half of the inmates who are Muslims.
But necessarily practising, but they feel humiliated. -- not necessarily.
At the same time, there are short-term prisons in which you have
huge numbers of young people in small cells and sometimes two or
three in a nine square metres sell without any kind of facility so that
they feel they are humiliated and they developed this sort of hatred
towards society. And they build some kind of type with the others, self
proclaiming, and in French prisons it is another contributing factor to
worst this situation. Farhad Khosrokhavar, a sociologist there in
Paris. President Obama has weighed
in on the row between Donald Trump and the parents of a Muslim soldier
who died serving He said this shows the extent to
which Mr Trump is unfit to serve as president. He also criticised
republican leaders for continuing south to support him despite having
to distance themselves from his remarks. I think you republican
nominee is unfit to serve as president. I said so last week. He
keeps on proving it. I think what has been interesting is the repeated
enunciation is of his statements -- Annunciation is, by leading
republicans including the Speaker of the house and the Senate Majority
Leader and prominent republicans like John McCain. The question I
think that they have to ask themselves is, if you are repeatedly
having to say, in very strong terms, that what he has said is
unacceptable, why are you still endorsing him? Donald Trump has
released a statement saying Hillary Clinton is unfit for government.
Earlier he also compared his Democratic rival to the devil during
a campaign speech in Pennsylvania. He made the remark while criticising
her former party rival Bernie Sanders for backing Hillary Clinton
during the recent Democratic National Convention. Then when they
showed Bernie very angry, he made a bad deal. He should have not made
that deal. He would have gone down as doing something really important.
Once he made that deal, and believe me he has buyers remorse, this guy
has buyers remorse. He looked at that and he was so angry when they
were talking about him and his people were angry and they should
be. If he had just not done anything, go home, go to sleep,
relax, he would have been a hero but he made a deal with the devil. She
is the devil. And it is only just the beginning.
Beautiful beaches, an abundance of wildlife, extraordinary scenery
and a school where the class has just a handful of pupils.
But the tiny Scottish island of Muck is having trouble
recruiting a teacher for the start of the new term.
Parents have launched their own, online, search for someone
with a love of the outdoors who can cope with the unique
lifestyle a Scottish island has to offer.
Our Scotland Correspondent Lorna Gordon has been to visit the Isle
Meet David, Jasper, Daniel, Kitty, Willow, Tara and Hugh.
Almost the entire school roll on Muck.
The new term starts in a fortnight and they still need a teacher.
So their families have taken to social media
to try to sell the job, and the island.
I want a teacher that knows how to garden.
A teacher that knows how to, you know, teach lots of things.
I'd like a fun, imaginative and happy teacher.
Muck is the smallest of Scotland's small isles, its one road a little
You won't find a classroom like this anywhere else.
Idyllic in the summer sunshine, but in winter very different.
The island can get cut off, sometimes for days, and the outgoing
teacher says her replacement will have to come prepared.
Some days there is, you know, a short distance from the school
to the hall and some days we wouldn't try that,
it would be too windy to risk taking the children in that direction.
So when I say good waterproofs, really good waterproofs!
The island is at the mercy of the weather and the Atlantic waters.
Letters, food supplies and the doctor all have to come by boat.
There are other rural and remote communities in Scotland
which from time to time also have problems recruiting a teacher
and then getting them to stay long-term.
And while there can be challenges in a place like this,
It's a beautiful island, it's a very, very good,
strong sense of community and everybody wants to,
you know, everybody helps each other out.
That can be handy when a trip to the shops requires a near 20 mile
Life this remote is not an easy sell.
And time is not tight until the new school year.
It's going to be difficult for the kids, they've had
such a wonderful teacher for the last couple of years.
Any uncertainty like that is quite unsettling, not just for the kids,
The children will have supply teachers until a permanent
They know here that island life is not for everyone,
but there's already been interest from across the world
They hope someone will fall in love with Muck, and its school.
Lorna Gordon, BBC News, on the Isle of Muck.
If you want to get in touch with us here at BBC World News,
But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
Tuesday has proved to be a hugely disappointing day across many parts
of the British Isles.