28/08/2016 World News Today


28/08/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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is broadcasting in the UK and around the world. American allies in Syria

:00:11.:00:25.

battle each other. Makeshift churches have held mass for the

:00:26.:00:28.

survivors and rescue workers of the disaster that killed 290 people. The

:00:29.:00:37.

childhood friends who at 41 were told they were switched at birth and

:00:38.:00:42.

brought up by each other's mothers. I want answers. I don't know what to

:00:43.:00:46.

say. There has been fresh fighting on the

:00:47.:01:15.

Turkey Syrian border. 35 have been killed. Observers say 20 people died

:01:16.:01:26.

in a village but they said they were targeting Turkish militants. Both

:01:27.:01:38.

Turkey and the Kurdish way PGR allies of the US in the fight

:01:39.:01:41.

against Islamic State but crucially they are also bitter enemies.

:01:42.:01:47.

President Erdogan desperately wants to stop the Kurds expanding their

:01:48.:01:52.

territory inside Syria. Here is our Arab affairs editor. A new drama is

:01:53.:01:58.

unfolding for the first day in the northern Syrian countryside. Kurdish

:01:59.:02:08.

militants leading the fight against IS have in Ankara's opinion gone too

:02:09.:02:16.

far. Casualties are mapping. Activists say dozens of civilians

:02:17.:02:21.

have been killed. The fighting is creating a further twist in the

:02:22.:02:28.

conflict with one group of rebels spear headed by the Kurds control of

:02:29.:02:34.

areas. Both sides have been supported by America, leaving

:02:35.:02:41.

Washington in a quandary. Vice President Joe Biden was busy mending

:02:42.:02:46.

fences with president Erdogan in Agro earlier this week. He weren't

:02:47.:02:53.

Kurdish fighters to pull back West. Turkey's Red Line for the Kurds in

:02:54.:03:01.

Syria... Fighters are beginning to wonder if despite their victories

:03:02.:03:06.

against IS, their cause will be subordinated to that of Turkey and

:03:07.:03:14.

it's imperative preventing... Far from the complications on the

:03:15.:03:17.

north-east battlefield, people and the divided city of Ullapool if the

:03:18.:03:24.

various factions will agree to let aid in. Do you when issued a new

:03:25.:03:37.

ultimatum for all sides to agree by today to a weekly 48 hour pause in

:03:38.:03:41.

fighting. There is no sign yet that that that'll be heeded. Our

:03:42.:03:49.

correspondent is an expert on Turkey and Kurdish affairs. He told me more

:03:50.:03:52.

about recent developments in the region. Look at the issue from

:03:53.:03:59.

different perspectives to see whether it makes sense. It is good

:04:00.:04:05.

for Turkey that Turkey has got back in the game in Syria. After shooting

:04:06.:04:10.

down of the Russian plane, Turkish planes couldn't get near Syria for a

:04:11.:04:15.

long time. This gives Turkey an opportunity to step in and prevent

:04:16.:04:23.

Kurds from joining two separate enclaves and replacing aces with

:04:24.:04:29.

militia who are more inclined to be influenced by Turkey. For Russia and

:04:30.:04:35.

Iran this makes sense because they are happy to see Turkey trying to

:04:36.:04:41.

curb the ambitions of Kurds who are allies in the region. The wouldn't

:04:42.:04:47.

want them to be replaced by anti-aside forces controlled by

:04:48.:04:52.

Turkey but they would be happily -- from the perspective of the US it is

:04:53.:04:56.

also good that the US are seeing another ballet getting in to fight

:04:57.:05:03.

against IS. There is a positive thing there. From the perspective of

:05:04.:05:08.

basis, it is strangely but didn't put up any resistance against

:05:09.:05:12.

Turkey. Maybe they would want to stare back to see 30 fighting

:05:13.:05:17.

against Kurdish rebels. For Syrian rebels it also makes sense because

:05:18.:05:21.

Turkey was giving different messages recently. It is good that they are

:05:22.:05:28.

fulfilling it from their perspective that they see some support from

:05:29.:05:33.

Turkey. What is the US perspective on this because this complicates

:05:34.:05:37.

their situation. They are allies of Turkey and the way PGR in Syria.

:05:38.:05:45.

They took more territory with US support from aces than any other

:05:46.:05:51.

force in Syria or Iraq. This issue has always cobbled headed US

:05:52.:05:57.

calculations in the reason. The art two potential allies of the West and

:05:58.:06:00.

they are at odds with each other at least in the last two or three

:06:01.:06:04.

years. If you imagine the Kurds and Turks fighting together against IS

:06:05.:06:09.

is allied with the West, we will have seen the aside government will

:06:10.:06:13.

be much weaker. Russia would have much less say in the region. This

:06:14.:06:19.

conflict between the allies makes it very difficult. If you want to find

:06:20.:06:27.

out more about this story there is a question and answer on our website.

:06:28.:06:32.

It explains that despite both being enemies of Islamic State, the Kurds

:06:33.:06:35.

have such a poor relationship with Turkey.

:06:36.:06:39.

The victims of the earthquake in central Italy have been

:06:40.:06:41.

remembered in church services across the country.

:06:42.:06:43.

Bishop Giovanni D'Ercole - who celebrated Mass in two

:06:44.:06:45.

of the worst-affected towns - urged Italians to unite

:06:46.:06:48.

in their response to the disaster which claimed nearly 300 lives.

:06:49.:06:50.

In Aquata del Tronto today, a Mass held in a makeshift tent,

:06:51.:07:01.

one of many across the worst hit towns in central Italy.

:07:02.:07:10.

The crosses made out of two ladders, the helmets represent

:07:11.:07:12.

Bishop Giovanni d'Ercole presides over the service,

:07:13.:07:15.

The local parish priest says he was caught up in the earthquake.

:07:16.:07:24.

TRANSLATION: When I was trying to get out, everything

:07:25.:07:27.

was falling on me, glass, walls, everything.

:07:28.:07:28.

I got out, I was crying, and I saw that my parishioners

:07:29.:07:31.

had also come outside, and they were crying too.

:07:32.:07:39.

Life has changed dramatic league for the residents,

:07:40.:07:41.

forced from their shattered homes into canvas ones.

:07:42.:07:43.

And a huge clear up operation is under way.

:07:44.:07:51.

In Amatrice, the worst hit town, with 231 people killed,

:07:52.:07:53.

what is left of this building is now being demolished.

:07:54.:07:56.

Scenes like this are being repeated over and over again.

:07:57.:08:03.

Many churches and medieval buildings were also completely destroyed.

:08:04.:08:05.

Sunday's proceeds from public museums across Italy,

:08:06.:08:08.

such as the National Gallery in Rome, will be donated

:08:09.:08:11.

At the Vatican, Pope Francis led prayers for the victims.

:08:12.:08:23.

He promises to visit the region as soon as possible to bring

:08:24.:08:26.

Yesterday, the country's President and Prime Minister both attended

:08:27.:08:29.

a funeral for 35 victims in a sports hall in one town.

:08:30.:08:34.

Hundreds of people also turned out to pay their respects

:08:35.:08:36.

Rescue workers helped to retrieve personal belongings

:08:37.:08:44.

from quake damaged houses, but some do not even want to go.

:08:45.:08:51.

Rinaldo cannot bear the thought of moving out.

:08:52.:08:58.

TRANSLATION: Could I ever abandon my town when it needs me?

:08:59.:09:00.

No, my wife and my children are saying, please, wear a helmet,

:09:01.:09:03.

you know what I mean, but I am not giving up.

:09:04.:09:06.

The Italian government has been criticised for failing to prevent

:09:07.:09:16.

deaths after the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila which left 300 dead.

:09:17.:09:19.

Historic towns do not have to conform to anti-quake

:09:20.:09:21.

regulations, which are also often not applied when new buildings

:09:22.:09:23.

But Amatrice's mayor has vowed to fight for a tightening

:09:24.:09:30.

There are reports of heavy casualties as militias loyal to

:09:31.:09:45.

Libya's unity government advance into the final districts of Sirte -

:09:46.:09:48.

occupied by Islamic State militants. Hospital sources say twenty-eight

:09:49.:09:50.

government troops have been killed in the fighting. The incumbent

:09:51.:10:01.

president of Gabon, Ali Bongo, and his main rival, Jean Ping, have both

:10:02.:10:03.

claimed victory in Saturday's presidential election. Mr Ping told

:10:04.:10:05.

his supporters he'd won and was waiting for Mr Bongo to call to

:10:06.:10:16.

congratulate him. The ministry of health in Singapore - has confirmed

:10:17.:10:18.

40 more cases of the mosquito-borne zika virus - a day after announcing

:10:19.:10:21.

its first case. 36 of the cases were all men - working at the same

:10:22.:10:24.

construction site. It's believed all cases were locally transmitted.

:10:25.:10:34.

Negotiations on a huge free trade deal between the European Union and

:10:35.:10:37.

the United States have effectively failed - that's the view of the

:10:38.:10:39.

German economy minister. He said the deal - known as the Transatlantic

:10:40.:10:41.

Trade and Investment Partnership or T-Tip for short - had not worked

:10:42.:10:43.

because Europeans, including himself, didn't want to subject

:10:44.:10:45.

themselves to American demands. But - what exactly does this free trade

:10:46.:10:48.

deal mean? The deal aims to remove - or reduce - a wide range of barriers

:10:49.:10:51.

to trade and investment. It's thought by doing this - it will make

:10:52.:10:54.

it easier and cheaper to do business across the Atlantic. Those in favour

:10:55.:10:57.

- say it would ultimately lead to higher incomes and employment But

:10:58.:10:59.

critics argue - it could lead to lower standards of consumer and

:11:00.:11:01.

environmental protection - and even result in job losses.

:11:02.:11:20.

I'm hoping that we can go to Washington where we can join and

:11:21.:11:27.

former assistant Secretary of State to President Obama. Thank you for

:11:28.:11:32.

being with us. The German economy Minister, if he is indeed right,

:11:33.:11:37.

what impact will this have? I think he is right for a number of reasons,

:11:38.:11:42.

first of all on the European side, there is Brexit, and the practical

:11:43.:11:47.

matter is in the next couple of years, Europe is going to have to

:11:48.:11:51.

focus internally and try to work that negotiation and then maybe at

:11:52.:11:55.

some point in the future come back to the trade agreement with the

:11:56.:11:59.

United States. Here in the United States we have a presidential

:12:00.:12:03.

election in progress, the Obama administration has about five months

:12:04.:12:09.

to go. That is focused on trying to get the Asian equivalent treaty

:12:10.:12:16.

through Congress before it leaves office, and so here in America it is

:12:17.:12:20.

going to take maybe a year or so for a new administration to get its feet

:12:21.:12:25.

on the ground and put personnel in place. Whatever the United States

:12:26.:12:29.

and Europe decide they make to do in the trade area is going to be pushed

:12:30.:12:34.

off two or three years. Critics will cautiously welcome this claiming

:12:35.:12:40.

that TTIP will not be good for jobs or the growth of environmental and

:12:41.:12:45.

health standards, what is your reaction to that? I certainly think

:12:46.:12:49.

there is a very substantial amount of scepticism in European and

:12:50.:12:56.

American opinion, obviously Brexit itself was a vote by those who think

:12:57.:13:01.

that globalisation had left many of them behind and here in the United

:13:02.:13:08.

States we have an unprecedented candidate, Donald Trump who has

:13:09.:13:12.

excoriated every trade deal the United States has made in recent

:13:13.:13:19.

decades. Hillary Clinton is an advocate of trade guardedly but has

:13:20.:13:23.

also said she will not agree to any future treaty that will put American

:13:24.:13:26.

jobs at risk, so I think you're going to have to see a case, perhaps

:13:27.:13:35.

greater confidence in Europeans and Americans in the financial and

:13:36.:13:41.

economic... I am afraid we have lost him. That is a shame. We thank him

:13:42.:13:47.

for his opinions there. Stay with us. Still to come... A royal

:13:48.:13:52.

treasure is temporarily being banned from taking out of Britain. We will

:13:53.:13:54.

find out why. It will take months and billions of

:13:55.:14:40.

dollars to repair what Katrina achieved in just hours... Three

:14:41.:14:46.

weeks is the longest the great clock has been of duty in 117 years, so it

:14:47.:14:52.

was with great satisfaction that clockmaker John Vernon swung the

:14:53.:14:55.

pendulum to set the clock going again. This is BBC World News Today.

:14:56.:15:04.

A DNA test in Canada has revealed that two 41-year-old men

:15:05.:15:08.

were switched at birth and brought up by the wrong parents.

:15:09.:15:10.

David Tait and his best friend Leon Swanson were born just days

:15:11.:15:13.

The tale is even more shocking because another mix up

:15:14.:15:17.

was discovered last year at the same hospital.

:15:18.:15:19.

Cameron Mackintosh from CBC News reports.

:15:20.:15:27.

believing this woman was his biological mother.

:15:28.:15:34.

It turns out this mother was actually this woman,

:15:35.:15:36.

raising his best friend, Leon Swanson, as her own son.

:15:37.:15:38.

DNA now proving a long held, troubling suspicion

:15:39.:15:44.

Both men were born in this federally run hospital

:15:45.:15:57.

It's unclear how, but DNA has proven Tait's biological

:15:58.:16:03.

mother went home with the wrong baby, Swanson.

:16:04.:16:05.

Shocking but not entirely surprising.

:16:06.:16:07.

For decades, there have been comments

:16:08.:16:08.

people started teasing us about being switched.

:16:09.:16:20.

This discovery last year convinced them to do the test.

:16:21.:16:24.

These two men born in that very same year

:16:25.:16:26.

in that very same hospital discovered they were switched.

:16:27.:16:28.

Former Manitoba Cabinet Minister Eric Robinson

:16:29.:16:30.

The first time could be discounted as a mistake.

:16:31.:16:34.

A second time, in my view, is a criminal activity.

:16:35.:16:40.

Today, the Federal Health Minister promised an investigation.

:16:41.:16:45.

It's fundamentally important that we understand

:16:46.:16:47.

how this could have happened at the time.

:16:48.:16:50.

For both men and their parents, there's a lot

:16:51.:16:52.

of anger and confusion, but also a sense that they

:16:53.:16:54.

They'll always be my mom and dad, regardless,

:16:55.:16:58.

they raised me, they took me from day one.

:16:59.:17:00.

the bigger question may be, could there be even more cases?

:17:01.:17:04.

Cameron Mackintosh, CBC News, Winnipeg.

:17:05.:17:16.

Let's get some sport for you. Here is Ollie. Hello. Manchester City are

:17:17.:17:24.

top of the table on goal difference after a 3-1 win at home to West Ham

:17:25.:17:29.

in the final Premier League match of the weekend. Raheem Sterling scored

:17:30.:17:32.

twice for Pep Guardiola's sides to make it three wins out of three for

:17:33.:17:36.

them in the league. West Ham stay 12. It is now the international

:17:37.:17:39.

break the start of World Cup qualifying. When city return they

:17:40.:17:44.

will face a trip to Manchester United who also have a 100% record.

:17:45.:17:49.

I am so satisfied. It is a pleasure to work with these guys and this

:17:50.:17:57.

club. I wanted him to play good. We thought when we trained in that

:17:58.:18:01.

period that it can happen, and we feel that the players believe in

:18:02.:18:06.

what we do. But is more satisfying with the coach, of course, but

:18:07.:18:11.

without the result it is nothing. But we have got it. The first step,

:18:12.:18:16.

the most important thing is qualifying for the Champions League

:18:17.:18:19.

and now the Premier League, we have nine points and are playing good, so

:18:20.:18:23.

that is the most important thing and now the international break and come

:18:24.:18:29.

back and start again. In the second half I am more than happy, to be

:18:30.:18:36.

fair, and it gives us hope. With the players who are out injured, a lot

:18:37.:18:42.

of them, seven or eight, we expect a few of them to come back for the

:18:43.:18:46.

Watford game after the break, it gives us hope that it will be

:18:47.:18:52.

different. One other Premier League result was West Bromwich Albion

:18:53.:18:55.

versus Middlesbrough and that was goalless. West Ham's goal-scorer

:18:56.:19:00.

Michail Antonio has earned his first goal that a recall after a month.

:19:01.:19:03.

Earlier this year he turned down the chance for Jamaica in order to play

:19:04.:19:09.

for England. He is in Sam Allardyce's first squad. Lewis

:19:10.:19:15.

Hamilton fought his way from the back row of the grid to finish third

:19:16.:19:19.

in a chaotic Belgian Grand Prix. A series of crashes allowed him to

:19:20.:19:25.

climb from 21st to a place on the podium. Nico Rosberg started on pole

:19:26.:19:30.

position and won the race, cutting Hamilton's championship lead to just

:19:31.:19:34.

nine points. It has been great to get the win today on this legendary

:19:35.:19:41.

track, but Lewis starting from the back made it easier and I am sure he

:19:42.:19:45.

will be back in Monza and it'll be a big battle as always. The Tour de

:19:46.:19:49.

France winner Chris Froome is fourth in Spain. Dela Cruz finished almost

:19:50.:19:57.

have a minute ahead of the Belgian after a late attack on the final

:19:58.:20:05.

climb. He leads by 22 seconds in the overall standard X.

:20:06.:20:10.

That is all this but for now. Thank you.

:20:11.:20:13.

This week one of Britain's deadliest, but least-well known,

:20:14.:20:15.

naval forces celebrates its 100th anniversary.

:20:16.:20:19.

The Coastal Marine Force was founded during the First World War

:20:20.:20:22.

as a fleet of high-speed torpedo boats to attack the Germans.

:20:23.:20:25.

In the Second World War, their crew earned more gallantry

:20:26.:20:27.

medals than any other branch of the Navy.

:20:28.:20:29.

The small, fast coastal boats that helped change the tactics

:20:30.:20:45.

And now a century after their creation, the final few left have

:20:46.:20:56.

come together in Portsmouth for an anniversary sail-past,

:20:57.:20:59.

watched by veterans like Robin Coventry.

:21:00.:21:03.

He was a junior officer assigned to this nimble

:21:04.:21:06.

We were just going out to make trouble and that,

:21:07.:21:10.

often enough, we did, not only for ourselves,

:21:11.:21:12.

for the Germans as well, which was lucky.

:21:13.:21:14.

And they must have been fairly fed up with us, too.

:21:15.:21:20.

They first fired up in 1916, and were the idea of

:21:21.:21:23.

They were just 50 feet long and carried one or two torpedoes -

:21:24.:21:34.

enough to hit large enemy ships and then escape at high speed.

:21:35.:21:40.

In fact, they were sometimes called the Spitfire of the sea,

:21:41.:21:42.

because they were so fast, capable of 30 or 40 knots.

:21:43.:21:48.

Her enemies had never seen anything like them.

:21:49.:21:54.

By the end of the Second World War, there were 2,000 of them and they

:21:55.:21:58.

They sank over 500 enemy vessels and were awarded

:21:59.:22:04.

3,000 gallantry medals, more than any other branch

:22:05.:22:06.

In war, these vessels fired more torpedoes than Britain's submarines.

:22:07.:22:13.

100 years of lethal sea power and a miniature navy that did not

:22:14.:22:16.

Duncan Kennedy, BBC News, in Portsmouth.

:22:17.:22:36.

The British government has placed a temporary export ban on a sapphire

:22:37.:22:39.

and diamond coronet that belonged to Queen Victoria, preventing it

:22:40.:22:42.

The coronet, which was designed by the monarch's husband

:22:43.:22:45.

Prince Albert, for their wedding in 1840, is at risk

:22:46.:22:47.

of being exported unless a UK buyer matches the six and half

:22:48.:22:50.

Earlier I spoke to Philippa Glanville -

:22:51.:22:53.

who was on the Committee that recommended the ban who told me

:22:54.:22:56.

Excellent system that goes back 60 years to protect cultural heritage,

:22:57.:23:06.

not only British things but things of importance. Things which are

:23:07.:23:15.

important and they might be archaeological, manuscript or an

:23:16.:23:19.

important painting. In this case it is a delicate little thing for a

:23:20.:23:23.

pretty young woman in love, maybe not pretty, young woman in Love

:23:24.:23:30.

designed by her husband and using German motifs, Prince Albert was

:23:31.:23:36.

German and was a designer. There is very little surviving from Queen

:23:37.:23:42.

Victoria's Julie. They get reworked and put into other jewels. When she

:23:43.:23:50.

finally came out of morning to do the State Opening of Parliament in

:23:51.:23:55.

1866 she wore this with her veil and it became very significant and part

:23:56.:23:59.

of her image as an older woman, so a beautiful little love gift that

:24:00.:24:06.

became part of the Crown Jewels. Give us other examples of historical

:24:07.:24:09.

objects that were saved in this way. There was the Jane Austen ring a

:24:10.:24:14.

couple of years ago which is now in the Jane Austen centre down in

:24:15.:24:17.

Hampshire and there was quite a lot of discussion about that, because it

:24:18.:24:21.

wasn't very expensive but it was very important to the Jane Austen

:24:22.:24:26.

community and we argued jewellery mattered so much to women at that

:24:27.:24:31.

time in the late 18th and 19th centuries, it had a sentimental

:24:32.:24:34.

value as a significance far beyond perhaps what it was today. Women

:24:35.:24:41.

gave each other and simple jewels and this is an example of that.

:24:42.:24:44.

Isn't it a little unfair that a bit of hypocrisy of hanging onto these

:24:45.:24:49.

objects when perhaps some would accuse us of hanging on to objects

:24:50.:24:53.

that belonged to other countries, the Elgin marbles being one? We have

:24:54.:24:59.

been an extraordinarily wealthy and art loving country, however I am not

:25:00.:25:04.

going to comment on the Elgin marbles. I have my own reviews but I

:25:05.:25:08.

can't represent the Government on that. It seems to me that we have to

:25:09.:25:11.

have a more generous approach having been powerful and wealthy, sharing

:25:12.:25:16.

is for everybody's benefit. Things move around in exhibitions but

:25:17.:25:22.

people want to own their own heritage and being a former colonial

:25:23.:25:26.

power, that doesn't play to Greece, but it does apply to quite a lot of

:25:27.:25:36.

objects in richest collections. A reminder of our top scurry this

:25:37.:25:39.

hour. There has been fresh fighting on the turkey Syria border. Reports

:25:40.:25:45.

indicate 35 civilians had been killed after Turkish shelling and

:25:46.:25:49.

air strikes. That is it from me and world news today. Thank you.

:25:50.:26:07.

There have been a few showers around today. The trend through this

:26:08.:26:13.

weekend is for things to

:26:14.:26:14.

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