29/08/2016 World News Today


29/08/2016

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This is BBC World News Today Reporting from

:00:09.:00:10.

Brazil's suspended president Dilma Rousseff has urged lawmakers

:00:11.:00:15.

not to remove her from power at her impeachment trail,

:00:16.:00:17.

Should migrants in France be allowed to apply for asylum in Britain

:00:18.:00:22.

New research shows the Mediterranean diet has even more benefits.

:00:23.:00:28.

Could it now help people with heart disease?

:00:29.:00:33.

And six scientists spend a year in isolation.

:00:34.:00:36.

See how their experience could mean success for a future

:00:37.:00:39.

The suspended Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has been

:00:40.:00:57.

defending her record in office, at her impeachment trial.

:00:58.:01:00.

She maintained that she's been unjustly accused of breaking rules

:01:01.:01:02.

Senators are due to vote later this week on whether to remove her

:01:03.:01:08.

from power - a move she says would represent a death

:01:09.:01:11.

Our correspondent Aleem Maqbool reports.

:01:12.:01:20.

Arriving for what could be her last stand.

:01:21.:01:22.

At her impeachment trial she made a final attempt to fight off

:01:23.:01:29.

In what she sees as simply a class war.

:01:30.:01:35.

TRANSLATION: As with all elites, they don't want to follow

:01:36.:01:37.

the will of the people, they want to take over at any price.

:01:38.:01:43.

Well there are supporters of Dilma Rousseff outside

:01:44.:01:46.

the Senate as she speaks, but millions more around

:01:47.:01:48.

the country too who feel she is being impeached unfairly.

:01:49.:01:53.

But the small numbers and relative lack of energy is a sign that

:01:54.:01:56.

very few have hope left that she will survive this process.

:01:57.:02:02.

Earlier this year thousands took to the streets both

:02:03.:02:06.

for and against their president in an illustration of just how

:02:07.:02:09.

Dilma Rousseff has been judged before.

:02:10.:02:15.

In her youth she was jailed for fighting against

:02:16.:02:17.

But she rose to Brazil's highest office in 2010, receiving

:02:18.:02:23.

the presidential sash from her predecessor and mentor,

:02:24.:02:26.

But it was a dramatic economic collapse that led Rousseff's

:02:27.:02:34.

opponents to seize on an opportunity to push against her and

:02:35.:02:39.

What many celebrated, others saw as an injustice.

:02:40.:02:46.

The decision to suspend Dilma Rousseff, when no corruption

:02:47.:02:48.

The trial now is all a big come down after the feel-good

:02:49.:02:56.

As some of the venues are dismantled it seems a break for the games can't

:02:57.:03:03.

persuade many Brazilians to move on from trying

:03:04.:03:05.

They say Brazilians have a short-term memory, they can't

:03:06.:03:12.

remember what happens, they only remember what just happened.

:03:13.:03:17.

But Dilma Rousseff says fighting is inher nature,

:03:18.:03:19.

In reality, before the week is out, she could be told she has to vacate

:03:20.:03:25.

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, in Brasilia.

:03:26.:03:32.

And for the latest, we can cross live to Brasilia and speak

:03:33.:03:34.

The writing does look pretty much on the wall for Dilma Rousseff. What

:03:35.:03:49.

happens next? Over the next couple of days were going to have a vote

:03:50.:03:53.

here in the Senate in the main room where the session is taking place

:03:54.:03:58.

right now. The senators will have a moment for a speech, each one of

:03:59.:04:02.

them, 81 senators tomorrow. After that they will justify their votes.

:04:03.:04:10.

If they lose two thirds in favour of the impeachment, Dilma Rousseff will

:04:11.:04:15.

definitely be removed from office and were not finished her mandate.

:04:16.:04:23.

Bendy interim president -- and then the interim president will remain in

:04:24.:04:32.

place until 2018. Does this draw a line under the corruption problems

:04:33.:04:37.

Brazil has been grappling with? The corruption is very much in the

:04:38.:04:42.

middle of all that is happening here in Brazil, the political crisis that

:04:43.:04:47.

Brazil is facing. There is massive corruption investigation that is

:04:48.:04:50.

going on here known as the Car Wash scandal. That has implicated many

:04:51.:04:56.

political parties, top political figures in bribery schemes that

:04:57.:05:02.

started with the petrol giant Petrobras and that has led to a

:05:03.:05:09.

discrediting of the workers party, the party of Dilma Rousseff. It is

:05:10.:05:12.

quite compensated because some people who are in favour of

:05:13.:05:18.

impeachment, although they want to imply it is the full. The workers

:05:19.:05:23.

party, we see this is deeply ingrained in the political system in

:05:24.:05:26.

Brazil and other political parties. People here don't really have a

:05:27.:05:32.

feeling that with a substitution, if Rousseff is confirmed, if the

:05:33.:05:37.

impeachment goes ahead, there is not really a feeling that will bring any

:05:38.:05:40.

transformation to that problem we have here, the corruption problem,

:05:41.:05:48.

and how big a part it is in the political world in Brasilia. Thank

:05:49.:05:51.

you for joining me. Migrants in Calais seeking asylum

:05:52.:06:03.

in the UK should be allowed to lodge their claim in France,

:06:04.:06:06.

the president of the region Xavier Bertrand said people living

:06:07.:06:08.

in the camp known as the Jungle should be able to apply

:06:09.:06:12.

at a "hotspot" in France rather His comments come after two leading

:06:13.:06:15.

contenders for the French presidency in next year's election -

:06:16.:06:19.

Nicolas Sarkozy and Alain Juppe - also called for changes

:06:20.:06:21.

to the treaty which allows for UK Where fences and barbed wire stretch

:06:22.:06:24.

along the roads and the railways that lead to the ferries,

:06:25.:06:31.

the trains, and on to Britain. Every day more are put up to stop

:06:32.:06:33.

people living here illegally But there's only so

:06:34.:06:36.

much a fence can do. Calais' shantytown camp that's known

:06:37.:06:39.

as The Jungle, is growing. Many here believe that part

:06:40.:06:42.

of the problem is the bilateral agreement known as Le Touquet,

:06:43.:06:44.

that sees British border guards The president of this region

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says Le Touquet must It's not possible to keep the border

:06:48.:06:52.

here without a new corporation If the British Government don't

:06:53.:07:01.

want to open this discussion, we will tell you, the Le Touquet

:07:02.:07:07.

agreement is over. Migrants hoping to claim asylum

:07:08.:07:15.

in the UK should be able to do Partly because that's not how

:07:16.:07:21.

the asylum system works. You're supposed to apply

:07:22.:07:29.

in the country that Secondly, I just think it would be

:07:30.:07:30.

a huge magnet to draw thousands more migrants to Calais who would come

:07:31.:07:35.

to chance their arm that they might Mr Bertrand's intervention

:07:36.:07:38.

highlights how important the issues of security,

:07:39.:07:42.

of borders, of migration, He doesn't have the power to change

:07:43.:07:45.

the Le Touquet accord, but the next French President

:07:46.:07:52.

will have that power. Elections are due to be held

:07:53.:07:55.

next year and already, two of the leading contenders

:07:56.:07:59.

for the post have said One of them, the former president

:08:00.:08:01.

Nicolas Sarkozy, spoke this He said border controls should be

:08:02.:08:08.

shifted to Britain. The current French President,

:08:09.:08:19.

who recently met the Prime Minister, He says the accord is in the

:08:20.:08:21.

interests of both their countries. But it doesn't feel like it

:08:22.:08:28.

on the roads leading to Calais. Where smugglers block the route

:08:29.:08:31.

so migrants can stow Tomorrow the Home Secretary Amber

:08:32.:08:33.

Rudd will be in Paris to meet her opposite number,

:08:34.:08:41.

and Calais will be on the agenda. A US Pentagon spokesman says

:08:42.:08:44.

fighting between Turkey and Kurdish groups in northern Syria

:08:45.:09:00.

is "unacceptable" and must stop. They're urging both sides to focus

:09:01.:09:02.

on defeating so called Islamic Turkish troops, backed by the US,

:09:03.:09:04.

crossed into Syria last week to drive IS out of Jarablus,

:09:05.:09:08.

a town close to the border. But they're now targeting

:09:09.:09:11.

Kurdish forces who are also Earlier Turkey's Foreign Minister

:09:12.:09:13.

Mevlut Causoglu warned that Turkish forces will continue

:09:14.:09:20.

to target the YPG while its forces TRANSLATION: Kurdish YPG should meet

:09:21.:09:26.

immediately to the east of the Euphrates river as they promised

:09:27.:09:31.

the United States and as they So long as they don't,

:09:32.:09:34.

they will be the target. Arabs in that region

:09:35.:09:37.

are not targets. Our aim is to cleanse the area

:09:38.:09:39.

of the With me now to discuss the US

:09:40.:09:41.

reaction to the latest fighting It is a bit of tricky situation for

:09:42.:09:59.

the US. Do they have influence over the Turks at this point. Yes, but it

:10:00.:10:07.

is a huge balancing act. On the one hand they believe that Kurdish

:10:08.:10:13.

forces, YPG forces, they have been capable fighters in the battle

:10:14.:10:17.

against Islamic State. The US has armed and trained them. It regards

:10:18.:10:21.

them as perhaps the most organised of the groups in that area. The US

:10:22.:10:26.

has failed previously to trade its own forces, so it is backing the

:10:27.:10:31.

Kurds stop its Nato ally Turkey is very suspicious of Kurdish

:10:32.:10:35.

operations, particularly along its southern border. It believes Kurds

:10:36.:10:40.

are trying to join up some territory and have a swathe of Kurdish

:10:41.:10:43.

territory along that southern border with Turkey. That is why there is

:10:44.:10:48.

this conflict. It is not something that is a great surprise, but it

:10:49.:10:52.

will require a lot of arm-twisting by the US to stop them going at them

:10:53.:11:00.

rather than the Islamic State. How much of a distraction is this

:11:01.:11:06.

against the fight against ISO it is causing fresh instability in an area

:11:07.:11:14.

which is already unstable. -- the fight against ISO. Turkey is feeling

:11:15.:11:23.

emboldened. It stopped the coup last month. There is tension in relations

:11:24.:11:29.

between Washington and Ankara. It also knows that the endgame is

:11:30.:11:32.

starting to come into view in northern Syria because now that

:11:33.:11:38.

places like Jarablus has gone, the way is much more open to Islamic

:11:39.:11:46.

State capital Raqqa, the big prize against ISO in that northern part of

:11:47.:11:51.

Syria. There must be concern in the US that they cannot afford to upset

:11:52.:11:57.

the Kurds, just as much as they have to keep Turkey onside. US needs both

:11:58.:12:02.

sides of this. In his the Turks, it needs the Kurds in both these things

:12:03.:12:07.

and that is where the lies. You are seeing at the moment, statements

:12:08.:12:12.

from the Pentagon, we're waiting for the Defence Secretary to speak, as

:12:13.:12:16.

well. We are seeing statements trying to balance these competing

:12:17.:12:19.

demands saying Turkey shouldn't be shelling these areas where there are

:12:20.:12:25.

no IS fighters. And telling the YPG to move back across the Euphrates

:12:26.:12:29.

River into that eastern part of northern Syria. It is trying to ride

:12:30.:12:35.

two horses in a sense and it is enormously uncomfortable. And deeply

:12:36.:12:38.

conjugated. They give very much. Now a look at some of

:12:39.:12:46.

the days other news. On a visit to Bangladesh,

:12:47.:12:48.

the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, has said

:12:49.:12:51.

there is evidence that militants there also have ties

:12:52.:12:53.

with the Islamic State group. He was speaking after talks

:12:54.:12:55.

in the Bangladeshi capital with the prime minister,

:12:56.:12:57.

Sheikh Hasina. The countries agreed

:12:58.:12:59.

to cooperate to counter A daughter of the Uzbek president,

:13:00.:13:00.

Islam Karimov, says he's suffered Mr Karimov, who's 78,

:13:01.:13:04.

has ruled the former Soviet He's in intensive care,

:13:05.:13:07.

where his condition Doctors in Yemen say more than fifty

:13:08.:13:10.

people have been killed in an attack A suicide bomber drove a car

:13:11.:13:19.

into the headquarters The Islamic State group said it

:13:20.:13:25.

carried out the attack. The BBC's Orla Guerin

:13:26.:13:28.

reports from Egypt. Some viewers may find the pictures

:13:29.:13:30.

in her report distressing. The aftermath of the devastating

:13:31.:13:41.

attack in the early morning. The bomber struck at the headquarters of

:13:42.:13:45.

a pro-government militia. He drove an explosive laden car in through

:13:46.:13:50.

the gate turning the cue from breakfast into a scene of carnage.

:13:51.:13:55.

The so-called Islamic states say they carried out the attack. The

:13:56.:14:01.

latest in a series by both IS and Al-Qaeda. They have been expanding

:14:02.:14:05.

their reach in southern Yemen, exploiting the chaos caused by the

:14:06.:14:09.

country's Civil War. A desperate rush to help the wounded. Dozens of

:14:10.:14:19.

casualties brought to this hospital run by an aid group. So many

:14:20.:14:23.

injured, they filled up the floor. One more round of bloodshed in a

:14:24.:14:26.

conflict which the United Nations says has killed about 3800

:14:27.:14:34.

civilians. Aid agencies say much of the suffering here goes unseen. When

:14:35.:14:41.

we visited in March, we saw the impact of war on the Arab world's

:14:42.:14:48.

poorest country. The conflict pits the internationally recognised

:14:49.:14:55.

government against Shia purity rebels. Saudi Arabia intervened on

:14:56.:15:03.

behalf of the government and has been leading a controversial bombing

:15:04.:15:12.

campaign. For the Saudis, this is part of a regional power struggle.

:15:13.:15:17.

They claim their great rival, Iran, is arming rebels. They remain in

:15:18.:15:25.

control of the capital. The latest round of peace talks collapsed

:15:26.:15:29.

earlier this month. There is now a new international push for more

:15:30.:15:34.

negotiations. In the meantime, the human cost of this conflict keeps

:15:35.:15:40.

growing. Severe malnutrition, always a danger here, is tightening its

:15:41.:15:44.

grip. UN officials say that Yemen has been set back by decades.

:15:45.:15:54.

Consuming large amounts of vegetables, nuts,

:15:55.:15:55.

fish and oils is characteristic of the popular Mediterranean diet,

:15:56.:15:57.

which has been shown to effectively reduce the chances of heart disease.

:15:58.:16:00.

Well, there may be even more benefits to this style of eating

:16:01.:16:04.

with new research suggesting it could cut the risk of death even

:16:05.:16:07.

The key ingredients for a long and healthy life.

:16:08.:16:16.

We know a diet of vegetables, fish, nuts and olive

:16:17.:16:18.

But now a claim it can even help beat heart disease.

:16:19.:16:26.

The balance of fruit and vegetables means there is extra vitamins

:16:27.:16:29.

and related compounds, which are better for you.

:16:30.:16:30.

The Mediterranean diet is generally, I think, more healthy in most

:16:31.:16:36.

of its components than, if you like, the standard British

:16:37.:16:39.

1200 patients who had had heart attacks, strokes and blocked

:16:40.:16:45.

arteries, were tracked over seven years.

:16:46.:16:49.

Once followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to be amongst those

:16:50.:16:52.

And healthier hearts are no surprise here at this Italian deli.

:16:53.:17:00.

We use in our recipes are a lot of vegetables and fruits.

:17:01.:17:05.

Pasta, pizza, everything is from the ground.

:17:06.:17:11.

My wife is a bit of a fanatic on this front.

:17:12.:17:15.

The grilled fish, vegetables and lovely meat dishes.

:17:16.:17:24.

Cardiovascular problems account for more than a quarter

:17:25.:17:26.

So the hope is by eating more like this, we may be able to prevent

:17:27.:17:37.

some of that disease and extend some of those lives.

:17:38.:17:42.

There is a claim Mediterranean cooking could be more effective

:17:43.:17:45.

than drugs like statins, widely prescribed for heart problems.

:17:46.:17:50.

The author of this study even said the NHS should prescribe

:17:51.:17:52.

Hillary Clinton's closest aide says she is separating from her husband

:17:53.:18:05.

after another sexting revelation emerged in the US media.

:18:06.:18:10.

Huma Abedin issued a statement saying that after long and painful

:18:11.:18:14.

consideration, she's decided to separate from her husband -

:18:15.:18:16.

and former congressman - Anthony Weiner.

:18:17.:18:27.

For more on this, I'm joined now by BBC North America

:18:28.:18:30.

This has been a long-running scandal in Washington and New York. Tell us

:18:31.:18:41.

that it about the background. Anthony Wiener back in the news

:18:42.:18:46.

again. He was a rising star in the Democratic party five years ago. He

:18:47.:18:50.

was in front of the cameras all the time as a member of Congress. Then

:18:51.:18:54.

he resigned, rehabilitated himself, positioned himself to run for mayor

:18:55.:19:01.

of New York, and then another round of texts came out, and he ended up

:19:02.:19:06.

not doing well in that race. Now he is known mostly as the husband as

:19:07.:19:14.

Huma Abedin and it provides some sense of embarrassment for the

:19:15.:19:18.

Clintons. There was a documentary earlier this year that documented

:19:19.:19:23.

the New York mayoral campaign against. It is embarrassing but not

:19:24.:19:27.

surprising. He said he wouldn't do it again but he appears to have done

:19:28.:19:34.

it again. What sort of impact has this had on the campaign itself?

:19:35.:19:39.

Donald Trump has already come out with a statement, also Notts

:19:40.:19:41.

uprising, he lost a talk about whatever is on TV, and he said it

:19:42.:19:46.

was careless of Clinton to associate with someone who had these ties. --

:19:47.:19:52.

it is also not surprising. Maybe secrets were coming from the Clinton

:19:53.:19:56.

campaign, implying he could have been blackmailed. The ties that a

:19:57.:20:03.

presidential candidate has two advisers, that is their games. That

:20:04.:20:09.

happened with an adviser of Bill Clinton who had to resign after a

:20:10.:20:16.

prostitution scandal. We are hearing about aids to Donald Trump.

:20:17.:20:21.

Allegations of wife beating during divorce proceedings. This is one

:20:22.:20:25.

step more removed. This is the spouse of an adviser to a

:20:26.:20:28.

presidential candidate. It is big news right now. It is front page of

:20:29.:20:35.

the tabloids, will see if it has any legs. We certainly will. Thanks for

:20:36.:20:37.

joining us. A bird taking to the skies might

:20:38.:20:41.

look like an effortless feat, but the science behind flight

:20:42.:20:44.

is quite complex. So much so that a team of scientists

:20:45.:20:46.

at Stanford University have designed a one of a kind wind tunnel to learn

:20:47.:20:49.

more about how birds fly. It's part of a suite of experiments

:20:50.:20:53.

aimed at ultimately helping design flying robots that

:20:54.:20:55.

with the same skills. Our science reporter Victoria Gill

:20:56.:20:59.

had exclusive access Only in very slow motion can we see

:21:00.:21:01.

the minuscule adjustments this lovebird constantly makes

:21:02.:21:12.

to its flapping wings. It's tiny body has evolved perfectly

:21:13.:21:16.

to fly and human engineers haven't That's something that researchers

:21:17.:21:21.

in this lab hope to change. They've dedicated an entire room

:21:22.:21:31.

at Stanford University in California to building this wind

:21:32.:21:35.

tunnel, the only one OK, so this is where you fly

:21:36.:21:36.

the birds. And it's starting to help them

:21:37.:21:41.

discover some of the Wind tunnels have been used

:21:42.:21:49.

for a long time to study bird flight but the new thing about this one

:21:50.:21:57.

is that with this device, they can manipulate the airflow

:21:58.:22:00.

to recreate any environment on Earth, from a gusty city

:22:01.:22:02.

to the top of a mountain. When you see a bird fly

:22:03.:22:06.

by in a city, you see all these And that is all it's doing to adjust

:22:07.:22:10.

to all the turbulence. And so it's really these tiny

:22:11.:22:15.

motions where they adapt quickly And we have no idea how they make

:22:16.:22:18.

these in response to In the moving air, the bird remains

:22:19.:22:22.

in one place. So exactly how it shifts

:22:23.:22:32.

as the airflow changes can be seen But the team with their specially

:22:33.:22:36.

clicker trained birds have also measured invisible

:22:37.:22:41.

characteristics of short, This setup is unique because it

:22:42.:22:44.

allows us to capture all the forces that a bird generates

:22:45.:22:49.

from the moment it takes off to when it lands

:22:50.:22:52.

during one of these flights. We have been able to record that

:22:53.:22:58.

actually most birds when they fly, they generate twice as much lift

:22:59.:23:01.

during the downstroke to support And during upstroke,

:23:02.:23:03.

it actually freefalls. So what can be done with all

:23:04.:23:10.

of this flight insight? The next generation of small-scale

:23:11.:23:12.

flying robots, or drones, will need to cope in unstable

:23:13.:23:15.

environments if they're to be useful in military or search

:23:16.:23:17.

and rescue applications. Currently, they simply can't manage

:23:18.:23:21.

as smoothly as birds. So these scientists will aim

:23:22.:23:25.

to create robotic copies of what nature has perfected

:23:26.:23:29.

over millions of years. Victoria Gill, BBC News,

:23:30.:23:31.

California. Spending a year in Hawaii might not

:23:32.:23:38.

sound like a daunting task, but for six scientists living

:23:39.:23:40.

in isolation, it was not the island It was all part of a simulation

:23:41.:23:43.

showing that a mission to Mars The team lived for 12 months

:23:44.:23:51.

in a dome on a Hawaiian volcano, chosen because its terrain

:23:52.:23:56.

is similar to that of Red Planet. A long time ago in a galaxy

:23:57.:23:59.

far, far away, well, 365 days and in the Pacific,

:24:00.:24:05.

to be exact, this team of intrepid explorers launched

:24:06.:24:08.

a simulated mission to Mars. The six men and women were taking

:24:09.:24:11.

part in a highly unusual experiment to boldly go where no

:24:12.:24:19.

one had gone before, to live long and prosper

:24:20.:24:22.

in conditions humans The UH research going on here

:24:23.:24:24.

is super vital when it comes to picking crews,

:24:25.:24:29.

figuring out how people will work on different missions,

:24:30.:24:34.

it is kind of the human factors element of space travel,

:24:35.:24:36.

colonisation, whatever The scientists had to survive

:24:37.:24:38.

in isolation for one year, in a dome on a volcano

:24:39.:24:45.

in Hawaii without fresh food, Back down to Earth, a warm

:24:46.:24:49.

welcome and some warm food. The study funded by Nasa and run

:24:50.:24:58.

by the University of Hawaii is one The inhospitable terrain was chosen

:24:59.:25:02.

because it is similar to Mars Showing that it works,

:25:03.:25:10.

you can actually get water from a ground that is seemingly dry,

:25:11.:25:17.

it would work on Mars and the implication is that

:25:18.:25:20.

you would be able to get water on Mars from this

:25:21.:25:23.

greenhouse construct. The Martians of Hawaii

:25:24.:25:26.

say their experiment shows that living in an isolated community

:25:27.:25:29.

millions of kilometres from Earth is humanly possible and no

:25:30.:25:33.

longer science fiction. I guess it would be difficult to

:25:34.:25:36.

vote someone off that island! But for now from me, Jane O'Brien,

:25:37.:25:55.

and the rest of the team goodbye. Hello, most places enjoyed some long

:25:56.:26:10.

spells of warm sunshine today. We saw

:26:11.:26:11.

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