30/08/2016 World News Today


30/08/2016

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Reporting from Washington, I'm Jane O'Brien.

:00:00.:00:08.

The European Commission orders Apple to pay almost $15 billion

:00:09.:00:13.

We look at the global fallout from the ruling.

:00:14.:00:18.

Making the perilous journey to reach the shores of Europe -

:00:19.:00:21.

a record number of Migrants are rescued in a single day off

:00:22.:00:24.

Concerns that more girls and women could be affected by autism.

:00:25.:00:30.

How health campaigners are working to get them the help they need.

:00:31.:00:34.

And the first day of school - a big moment for any child.

:00:35.:00:37.

But for these twins who were once conjoined, it's a very

:00:38.:00:40.

The world's most profitable company, US technology giant Apple,

:00:41.:00:59.

has been told it's got a huge tax bill to pay.

:01:00.:01:03.

The European Commission has ordered the company to pay $14.6 billion

:01:04.:01:07.

That's the equivalent of the total amount the country spends

:01:08.:01:12.

Two years ago, the tech giant paid just point 0.005% tax

:01:13.:01:18.

Companies in Ireland usually have to pay 12.5%.

:01:19.:01:25.

To look at it another way, that means for every million

:01:26.:01:27.

dollars of profit Apple paid just $50 in tax.

:01:28.:01:31.

In a moment we'll be live in California.

:01:32.:01:33.

But, first, this report by Rory Cellan Jones.

:01:34.:01:42.

It's a vastly wealthy technology company. Whose products are money

:01:43.:01:54.

right around the world. But outside America, nearly all of Apple's sales

:01:55.:01:58.

revenues are channelled through one small country. Now the deal made

:01:59.:02:02.

between the Irish government and Apple has been ruled illegal. The

:02:03.:02:06.

tech firm has been ordered to pay billions in back taxes. What we have

:02:07.:02:11.

found is that the Irish have allowed the huge, huge, huge majority of the

:02:12.:02:18.

profits of Apple sales internationally to be attributed to

:02:19.:02:23.

a head office that only exists on paper and which is nontax. That

:02:24.:02:29.

means that the large majority of the profits are not taxed. It was in

:02:30.:02:35.

1980 that Apple's founder, Steve jobs, opened his company's first

:02:36.:02:41.

European operation in Cork. These days it was nearly 6000 people in

:02:42.:02:45.

Ireland, but along the way it signed a tax deal with the Irish government

:02:46.:02:49.

which the European Union says was unfair. In Cork, reaction to today's

:02:50.:02:54.

ruling was mixed. They shouldn't have given them a deal like that. If

:02:55.:03:00.

it is the case we did, that is wrong. It will be marvellous if the

:03:01.:03:09.

country got that much tax. But at the other end, Apple could and leave

:03:10.:03:13.

which would be terrible. I think it's fair because they're making a

:03:14.:03:17.

lot of profit. The European Commission says at one point Apple

:03:18.:03:23.

was paying an effective tax rate of 0.005%. That meant that on every 1

:03:24.:03:27.

million euros it took in revenues, it pay tax of just 50 euros. But

:03:28.:03:32.

Apple says all of the expensive research and development on products

:03:33.:03:37.

like this takes place in America and that is where it should pay its tax.

:03:38.:03:42.

Apple vowed to overturn the ruling, saying...

:03:43.:04:04.

Apple says it is the largest taxpayer in both Ireland and the

:04:05.:04:10.

United States, and this afternoon the White House also expressed

:04:11.:04:14.

concern about Europe's jungle stands on tax. We are concerned about a

:04:15.:04:20.

unilateral approach in state negotiations that threaten to

:04:21.:04:27.

undermine progress that we have made collaboratively with the Europeans.

:04:28.:04:31.

Ireland has worked hard to persuade technology firms to bring jobs to

:04:32.:04:38.

the country, but Brussels believes multinationals are playing one

:04:39.:04:41.

country off against another and it's determined to change the rules of

:04:42.:04:42.

the game. We can speak now to our

:04:43.:04:44.

correspondent, Dave Lee, who is outside Apple's

:04:45.:04:46.

headquarters in California. Shares have dipped on this news for

:04:47.:04:57.

Apple. What will be the impact of this ruling? The immediate impact is

:04:58.:05:03.

that they will have to pay that fee, there's back taxes of 13 billion

:05:04.:05:08.

euros. That will happen fairly quickly, even though Apple are going

:05:09.:05:12.

to appeal the decision they will have to pay the money before the

:05:13.:05:17.

bill has concluded. Ireland will not get that money until after the

:05:18.:05:22.

appeal. It may have an impact on Apple's operations in Ireland. They

:05:23.:05:26.

have so they have committed to a European country, but... INAUDIBLE

:05:27.:05:40.

we are having a problem with the line.

:05:41.:05:42.

The US is not very happy about this, either. Why not? The USA sees this

:05:43.:05:50.

as money coming out of their tax what. It is essentially going from

:05:51.:05:56.

the US to Europe because the taxes Apple will now have to pay in the EU

:05:57.:06:00.

can be offset against the taxes it would pay in the United States...

:06:01.:06:10.

INAUDIBLE. It could be that other company is also under investigation

:06:11.:06:13.

by the European Commission also have back taxes to pay. The US is worried

:06:14.:06:18.

that there could be a loss of money coming out of US multinationals that

:06:19.:06:22.

may have been going to the US taxpayer instead is now going to

:06:23.:06:24.

Europe. Thank you. The impeachment trial of Brazil's

:06:25.:06:31.

suspended President, Dilma Rousseff, has entered its fifth day

:06:32.:06:33.

in the Senate. Ms Rousseff has been accused

:06:34.:06:35.

of illegally manipulating the budget The main prosecutor in the trial has

:06:36.:06:38.

said the country has had enough Let's tak to the BBC's

:06:39.:06:43.

Julia Carneiro, who's What have her accusers been saying

:06:44.:07:00.

today? They have been presenting the arguments that have been the basis

:07:01.:07:04.

of the impeachment trial against her, that the mini is as she

:07:05.:07:11.

resorted to in the government budget to Masco what they argue is the

:07:12.:07:16.

deficit and illegally borrowing and state banks, that is the main

:07:17.:07:20.

accusation being made by the prosecutors. Her defence lawyers

:07:21.:07:26.

have also been talking saying she is the victim of a defamation campaign

:07:27.:07:29.

and that there are many lies in this process. We have the two sides

:07:30.:07:34.

battling against each other. Weitzel what we're seeing is the session has

:07:35.:07:39.

started in Senate where all the senators will have the chance to

:07:40.:07:43.

deliver a speech justifying their votes. Over 60 senators have put

:07:44.:07:47.

their name from the list to do so. That will be another very long

:07:48.:07:52.

sessions are when they will justify whether they will vote in favour of

:07:53.:07:57.

her impeachment or not. It is supposed to stretch into the night

:07:58.:07:59.

and early tomorrow will we have the final vote cast, an electronic vote

:08:00.:08:04.

deciding on her political future and whether she is to be ousted from her

:08:05.:08:12.

presidency or not. She hasn't lost all support, has she? There have

:08:13.:08:16.

been some demonstrations today in support of Dilma Rousseff. Whatever

:08:17.:08:19.

the public generally made of this trial? The country is still very

:08:20.:08:27.

polarised. We are seeing less demonstrations now because it has

:08:28.:08:32.

been such a lengthy process lasting over nine months. There have been

:08:33.:08:36.

demonstrations in Sao Paulo and Brasilia and in Rio as well. In Sao

:08:37.:08:40.

Paulo there were heavy clashes between police and demonstrators.

:08:41.:08:44.

There are more protest expected today. They are defending the

:08:45.:08:51.

impeachment of Dilma Rousseff so we still see this as a division in

:08:52.:08:53.

society and expect this to continue will stop if she is impeached then

:08:54.:08:59.

her former vice President, now interim President, will be as

:09:00.:09:03.

Brazilian President. He seems fairly certain of that outcome, so much so

:09:04.:09:08.

that he is making plans to travel to China tomorrow as soon as the result

:09:09.:09:16.

is out for the G20 summit in China. That is very telling of how certain

:09:17.:09:22.

the interim government seems to be of the impeachment of the suspended

:09:23.:09:31.

President, Dilma Rousseff. Julia in Bristol with the very latest. Thank

:09:32.:09:32.

you. -- in Brazil. The Italian coastguard says it

:09:33.:09:37.

rescued around 6,500 migrants off They are calling it one

:09:38.:09:40.

of their busiest life-saving More than 100,000 migrants have

:09:41.:09:43.

arrived in Italy so far this year and many more are expected to make

:09:44.:09:47.

the perilous journey from Libya to Europe in the coming days,

:09:48.:09:50.

as the weather calms. The BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent,

:09:51.:09:52.

James Landale, report. When you are tired and desperate

:09:53.:09:55.

and so close to safety, A final leap of hope

:09:56.:09:58.

after a journey that, for many, Just some of the almost 7,000

:09:59.:10:04.

who were rescued on Monday. A record number for a single day,

:10:05.:10:18.

in a crisis where the numbers Most were picked up 13 miles off

:10:19.:10:22.

the western Libyan coast. Packed into fishing boats and some

:10:23.:10:29.

44 inflatable dinghies, often with just enough fuel to reach

:10:30.:10:34.

international waters. We set off about 5:30 in the morning

:10:35.:10:41.

and we finished after 14 hours. In all that time, we rescued over

:10:42.:10:47.

5,000 people, according to information we got

:10:48.:10:53.

from the authorities. Rescuers said most of the migrants

:10:54.:10:57.

appeared to be from sub-Saharan Africa - from Eritrea,

:10:58.:11:01.

Somalia and Nigeria. Encouraged by calm conditions

:11:02.:11:04.

and southerly winds to leave the beaches and take to the sea,

:11:05.:11:08.

where they were rescued by ships from the Italian coastguard,

:11:09.:11:11.

aid agencies and even the The survey vessel, HMS Enterprise,

:11:12.:11:13.

picked up more than 700 of the migrants and will land them

:11:14.:11:19.

in Italy tomorrow. The International Organisation

:11:20.:11:22.

for Migration says that, so far this year, nearly 100,000 migrants have

:11:23.:11:26.

been rescued in the central At the same time, some 2,700 have

:11:27.:11:31.

died trying to make the crossing. Those are pretty similar numbers

:11:32.:11:37.

to the same period last year Even though migration

:11:38.:11:40.

across the eastern Mediterranean has dropped substantially

:11:41.:11:48.

since an EU deal with Turkey, the numbers crossing

:11:49.:11:50.

from Libya do not appear to have risen as a result.

:11:51.:11:53.

But the problem remains. The migrants keep coming

:11:54.:11:59.

because there is no And there is always a chance

:12:00.:12:01.

of rescue in the sea. It's a very dangerous

:12:02.:12:09.

journey and people don't They're desperate to leave,

:12:10.:12:11.

a lot of the time. They're desperate

:12:12.:12:16.

to be somewhere safe. This evening, the first of those

:12:17.:12:21.

rescued in recent days Others like them are also

:12:22.:12:23.

prepared to go to sea, even with newborn twins,

:12:24.:12:29.

they would not be the last. The Italian coastguard said

:12:30.:12:32.

they expected more to come Now a look at some of

:12:33.:12:34.

the day's other news. Singapore is advising all pregnant

:12:35.:12:43.

women with Zika-like symptoms to be The move follows an outbreak

:12:44.:12:46.

of the disease in the city state. 26 new cases were confirmed

:12:47.:12:51.

on Tuesday, taking the total The virus, detected

:12:52.:12:54.

in Brazil last year, The Uzbek president, Islam Karimov,

:12:55.:12:58.

remains in intensive care in hospital, after suffering

:12:59.:13:05.

a brain haemorrhage. The news was confirmed

:13:06.:13:07.

by his daughter's Instagram post. She added that his

:13:08.:13:10.

condition is stable. Mr Karimov is the first and only

:13:11.:13:12.

president Uzbekistan has had since gaining independence

:13:13.:13:15.

from the Soviet Union 25 years ago. A funeral mass for victims

:13:16.:13:20.

of the Italian earthquake is taking place in Amatrice -

:13:21.:13:23.

one of the worst-affected towns. The coffins of 37 people,

:13:24.:13:28.

including two children, have been laid out in a marquee

:13:29.:13:31.

on the edge of the the town. More than 200 residents

:13:32.:13:36.

and visitors lost their lives when many of Amatrice's

:13:37.:13:40.

medieval buildings collapsed. Let us return to our top story now -

:13:41.:13:46.

that big tax bill Apple has been told to pay

:13:47.:13:50.

by the European Commission. Let us get the perspective

:13:51.:13:52.

from Ireland and go to the BBC's Shane Harrison,

:13:53.:13:58.

who is in Dublin for us. You would think that most

:13:59.:14:11.

governments would welcome a windfall of almost $15 billion. Why is

:14:12.:14:18.

Ireland appealing against this? I've likened the Irish government to the

:14:19.:14:23.

winner of the National Lottery, but it's thinking of tearing up its

:14:24.:14:26.

ticket before he or she collect the prize. Why is Ireland appealing

:14:27.:14:31.

against this? It is an awful lot of money, it's the equivalent to the

:14:32.:14:37.

Irish annual health budget. It is appeal to the European Court of

:14:38.:14:41.

Justice in Luxembourg because it says the ruling is profoundly wrong.

:14:42.:14:47.

It says or implies that it is an attack on Ireland's low corporation

:14:48.:14:51.

tax rate of 12.5% and it says that it's not its job to collect taxes

:14:52.:14:56.

from other countries from Apple for those other countries, and

:14:57.:14:59.

particularly for the European Commission. Ireland doesn't seem to

:15:00.:15:04.

have been particularly dishonest because it does advertise the fact

:15:05.:15:06.

that it has very favourable corporate tax rate. Ireland has used

:15:07.:15:14.

foreign direct investment for a long time to attract the likes of Apple,

:15:15.:15:20.

Google, Facebook to Ireland. All of the major Silicon Valley companies

:15:21.:15:24.

are based here. Because Ireland didn't have an industrial revolution

:15:25.:15:27.

it is capitalising on its low corporation tax is to invite

:15:28.:15:31.

companies to come here. You will hear in the coming days an awful lot

:15:32.:15:36.

of Irish politicians also saying wait, look at this, this is an

:15:37.:15:41.

attack on Ireland. It's an attack on the Netherlands because of its

:15:42.:15:45.

relationship with Starbucks, on Luxembourg because of Amazon. Why

:15:46.:15:50.

isn't the European Commission going after the bigger countries? I think

:15:51.:15:52.

that's the line we will expect to hear the government taking in the

:15:53.:15:56.

coming days and weeks. It is going to appeal this judgment to the

:15:57.:16:01.

European Court in Luxembourg. That process could take anything between

:16:02.:16:10.

18 months and six years. Don't tell up your lottery ticket! Thank you

:16:11.:16:14.

very much indeed for the latest on the Apple tax bill.

:16:15.:16:16.

Turning now to the presidential election here in the US.

:16:17.:16:19.

Hillary Clinton still leads Donald Trump in

:16:20.:16:20.

the latest nationwide polls, but the race is tightening.

:16:21.:16:22.

Donald Trump is launching a new ad campaign, his biggest

:16:23.:16:25.

so far, targeting nine key battleground states.

:16:26.:16:27.

One of those is Ohio, which the Republican nominee

:16:28.:16:29.

The BBC's Nick Bryant has been speaking to voters in the town

:16:30.:16:35.

On the banks of the Ohio River, this election could be decided.

:16:36.:16:43.

In every presidential contest for the past 50 years,

:16:44.:16:45.

The town of Bellaire has precisely the sort of

:16:46.:16:50.

post-industrial landscape that has become a seedbed

:16:51.:16:53.

Four steel mills have shut down in this area over the past decade.

:16:54.:17:03.

This stretch of river used to be bustling with 300 barges

:17:04.:17:06.

Captain Bob Harrison reckons America needs a businessman

:17:07.:17:14.

That's what we need to get things going again.

:17:15.:17:19.

We have been overregulated, the trade deals have all failed.

:17:20.:17:22.

Bellaire still proudly calls itself The All-American Town.

:17:23.:17:32.

But for decades, it has been in decline.

:17:33.:17:36.

Donald Trump should win here, but he has a problem.

:17:37.:17:39.

American politics has become so polarised in recent decades that

:17:40.:17:43.

presidential elections tend to be won by the candidates

:17:44.:17:45.

who can maximise turn-out amongst their own party's supporters

:17:46.:17:49.

and polls repeatedly show the Republican voters are less loyal

:17:50.:17:54.

to Donald Trump than Democrats are to Hillary Clinton.

:17:55.:18:03.

Getting out the vote is called "the ground game" - a term borrowed

:18:04.:18:06.

from American football - and something the Democrats

:18:07.:18:08.

It is all new to Donald Trump and what makes his operation

:18:09.:18:15.

all the more difficult is that Republicans,

:18:16.:18:21.

like coach Bill, are refusing to campaign,

:18:22.:18:23.

If you're going to deal with world leaders, you have to have tact.

:18:24.:18:30.

You can't sit there and say, "It's my way or the highway".

:18:31.:18:33.

He's bombastic, he is obscene and I just don't like the guy.

:18:34.:18:37.

No, without a doubt, he lacks presidential qualities.

:18:38.:18:40.

So, you're actually campaigning for Mitt Romney?

:18:41.:18:43.

This is a staunchly conservative household.

:18:44.:18:46.

At the last election, Annette Thompson actively campaigned

:18:47.:18:48.

for the Republican candidate, Mitt Romney.

:18:49.:18:51.

But she cannot stomach Donald Trump as the party's standard-bearer.

:18:52.:18:53.

The decline in support from Republican women is one

:18:54.:18:55.

He doesn't like women who aren't supermodels.

:18:56.:18:59.

He does not like Muslims. He does not like immigrants.

:19:00.:19:02.

He does not like POWs, like John McCain.

:19:03.:19:05.

These are people that I respect and care about.

:19:06.:19:08.

Are you going to sit this election out?

:19:09.:19:13.

No Republican has ever become president without winning Ohio.

:19:14.:19:24.

Donald Trump is trailing here in the polls.

:19:25.:19:26.

He will struggle to go all the way to the White House, if he cannot get

:19:27.:19:31.

mainstream conservatives to support him.

:19:32.:19:45.

The latest there on the US presidential campaign trail.

:19:46.:19:50.

Autism is often seen as a condition that affects boys.

:19:51.:19:53.

But it is becoming widely recognised that it has been significantly

:19:54.:19:55.

Campaigners are now calling for health professionals

:19:56.:19:59.

to have a better understanding of autism because they fear women

:20:00.:20:02.

are not getting the help they need. The BBC's Graham Satchell reports.

:20:03.:20:04.

Millie is 14 and was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome two years ago.

:20:05.:20:07.

She finds it hard to socialise, to make eye contact,

:20:08.:20:10.

I find it really difficult to make friends, because I find people very,

:20:11.:20:16.

very difficult to understand a lot, in the way that they feel

:20:17.:20:19.

This leads me to feel embarrassed and I feel like I should get

:20:20.:20:26.

out of everyone's way, for everyone's convenience.

:20:27.:20:30.

Autism has been seen as a condition that mainly affects boys and men.

:20:31.:20:33.

Now evident suggests autism in girls and women is being

:20:34.:20:36.

Like many women with autism, she says she mask the symptoms.

:20:37.:20:46.

Copying, rather than fully understanding, social norms.

:20:47.:20:49.

When you meet me, I don't come across necessarily, on first

:20:50.:20:52.

I will come in to work perfectly, get through the day perfectly,

:20:53.:20:59.

and then I'll go home to a quiet room.

:21:00.:21:02.

I will be non-verbal, so if I want to be able

:21:03.:21:05.

it will me take about four hours to reset.

:21:06.:21:13.

The anxiety of coping with day to day life and to a series

:21:14.:21:16.

of what Emily called meltdowns and shutdowns, until she was finally

:21:17.:21:18.

It was basically an instant turning point to get my diagnosis.

:21:19.:21:23.

I'm a radically different person, because I understand who I am

:21:24.:21:26.

and how my way of relating to the world might differ,

:21:27.:21:28.

so I can make that something that is successful.

:21:29.:21:36.

Health professionals are starting to realise that autism in girls

:21:37.:21:40.

and women may be more common than had been thought.

:21:41.:21:42.

In Scotland, guidance has just changed.

:21:43.:21:45.

It now recognises the more nuanced ways girls and women may show

:21:46.:21:48.

A teenage girl with autism might, for example, be integrated

:21:49.:21:55.

into a peer group and often talking about how they are, in a way,

:21:56.:22:00.

They're trying to fit in with the group and they are

:22:01.:22:04.

following the same sort of interests that the peer group have got,

:22:05.:22:09.

but perhaps in a more bizarre and unusual way.

:22:10.:22:12.

When you get into the details, you start to see how this

:22:13.:22:15.

problem is not camouflaged, but still subtly present.

:22:16.:22:18.

Back in Norfolk, Millie is helping her dad in the garden.

:22:19.:22:20.

For her family, the diagnosis was, at first, a shock.

:22:21.:22:23.

But that was quickly followed by an acceptance.

:22:24.:22:29.

There's a lot of really good points to the diagnosis.

:22:30.:22:36.

Your child, because they look at the world in a completely

:22:37.:22:40.

different way, they can pick up some things you can't.

:22:41.:22:44.

She is. She's amazing.

:22:45.:22:49.

My concern, more than anything else, is that when Millie is older,

:22:50.:22:56.

that people are not going to see what I see.

:22:57.:22:58.

Millie certainly faces challenges ahead, but she is now

:22:59.:23:01.

The call today from the National Autistic Society

:23:02.:23:04.

is for the diagnosis of girls and women to improve so many more

:23:05.:23:07.

With summer vacation winding down, many children

:23:08.:23:14.

That includes British twins, Rosie and Ruby Formosa.

:23:15.:23:19.

But the first day of school holds even more significance for them.

:23:20.:23:22.

The girls were conjoined at birth and given a slim chance of survival,

:23:23.:23:25.

but thanks to an emergency operation four years ago, they are healthy -

:23:26.:23:29.

and trying on their first school uniforms.

:23:30.:23:32.

Like lots of children starting school, Rosie and Ruby are excited

:23:33.:23:45.

And it marks a huge milestone in their lives.

:23:46.:23:52.

The girls were born in 2012, joined at the abdomen,

:23:53.:23:54.

About four hours after they were born, they went

:23:55.:24:03.

I was kept at UCH because I just had a C-section, which wasn't very nice.

:24:04.:24:13.

I was in a room with other women that had their babies

:24:14.:24:16.

We walked to the theatre with the nurses and the doctors

:24:17.:24:21.

At that point, I could never seen this day coming.

:24:22.:24:33.

But it has, and what's more - they're thriving.

:24:34.:24:35.

I always knew they were going to be strong,

:24:36.:24:37.

I sometimes forget how special they are.

:24:38.:24:50.

Like when they're being naughty and arguing!

:24:51.:24:52.

Then, I sit down and think and remember what they've been

:24:53.:24:54.

It's just overwhelming. It really is.

:24:55.:24:59.

The girls know they were once joined together and Angela's kept

:25:00.:25:08.

all the doctors notes, so they can learn more

:25:09.:25:10.

about the incredible surgery when they are older.

:25:11.:25:12.

I'm really excited for them, because they're excited.

:25:13.:25:16.

It's just another milestone that we've reached.

:25:17.:25:18.

I just want them to enjoy their childhood and try to have fun

:25:19.:25:22.

and be little girls, not to worry about going into hospital.

:25:23.:25:25.

We will deal with that when it comes.

:25:26.:25:31.

The European Commission has ordered the board's most profitable company,

:25:32.:25:50.

Apple, to pay almost $15 billion in back taxes to Ireland. Both Apple

:25:51.:25:54.

and Ireland say they will appeal. Well, that is all

:25:55.:25:56.

from the programme. But for now from me, Jane O'Brien,

:25:57.:25:58.

and the rest of the team, goodbye. As we near the end of August it

:25:59.:26:14.

seems like the summer is making up for lost time. Temperatures were

:26:15.:26:17.

into the mid-20s on

:26:18.:26:18.

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