31/08/2016 World News Today


31/08/2016

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This is BBC World News Today, reporting from Washington.

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Brazil's Senate decides overwhelmingly

:00:00.:00:16.

But she wins a second vote, meaning she won't be completely

:00:17.:00:21.

An alarming trend in Africa's elephant population.

:00:22.:00:26.

A new study shows a dramatic decline and warns the numbers

:00:27.:00:28.

If this current rate continues, within nine years, Africa could be

:00:29.:00:35.

left with half of the current estimate of African elephants.

:00:36.:00:41.

Donald Trump is headed to Mexico ahead of a long-anticipated

:00:42.:00:43.

What we might expect from his surprise trip?

:00:44.:00:47.

And, talking Trump on the Trans-Siberian Railway.

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Our BBC Pop-up team is in Russia, asking passengers their thoughts

:00:53.:00:54.

The Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff, has been removed

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from office at the end of a heated impeachment trial.

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61 senators out of 81 found Ms Rousseff guilty of breaking

:01:24.:01:25.

the law by tampering with the budget to hide a growing deficit.

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There were celebratory scenes in the Senate as the result of

:01:29.:01:36.

It was then announced by Supreme Court judge

:01:37.:01:43.

But in a second vote, senators chose not to bar her

:01:44.:01:49.

The Vice-President Michel Temer is to be sworn in as the new interim

:01:50.:01:54.

Let's take a look at some of the key dates which led to today's vote.

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In 2010, Dilma Rousseff became the first woman to be elected

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In March 2013, just over halfway into her first term in office,

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she was on a career high, enjoying approval ratings

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She then narrowly won her second election in October 2014.

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But following this, her approval ratings plummeted.

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According to a poll released in April this year, 63%

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of respondents across the country said her government

:02:31.:02:33.

Experts said this reflected voters' disillusionment with a deep

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recession and the corruption scandal involving the state-controlled

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She was then suspended in May this year after the Senate voted to go

:02:44.:02:49.

And for the latest, let's cross live to the BBC's Julia Carneiro

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Julia, this is not surprising, of course, but it is still pretty

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shocking. Just how significant is this vote? It is a very dramatic

:03:12.:03:20.

moment here in Brazil. We have been discussing this proceeding is nine

:03:21.:03:27.

months, since it was established by Congress, and now we have had the

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decisive moment with President Dilma Rousseff stripped of her mandate.

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This is the second time this has happened since democracy was

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re-established here in Brazil in 1985 after the military

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dictatorship. Brazil is still a young democracy after that period,

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and this is, of course, a moment of gravity. We have seen senators

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celebrate inside Congress, singing the national anthem, but some

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senators were also standing still, silent, with lots of gravity in

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there. This reflects what is felt in the Brazilian population. We have

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seen many people celebrating today, millions have taken to the streets

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over past month calling for her impeachment, but there are also many

:04:16.:04:18.

other people who did not agree with the way this was going forward. Is

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this the end of her career because she did win that second vote that

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could have barred her from politics for at least eight years? Yes, and

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this was a surprise. This was a decision made today to separate that

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decision and vote on whether she should lose her political rights or

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not, and it turned out that she did manage to retain her political

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rights. But I think the blow is still the same, having been stripped

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of her mandate, it is almost a consolation is that she maintains

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her political rights. She is not someone who had a political career

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before being chosen as the president's successor. It was not

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clear what she would do now, if she would still want to pursue the path

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of the political life, especially after going through this painful

:05:16.:05:20.

impeachment process. But now we are going to see the inauguration of the

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interim president made official, he used to be the vice president of

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Dilma Rousseff, and is from the Conservative Party here in Brazil

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and he is promising to put the economy back on track. That will

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probably include a series of austerity measures. He has signalled

:05:46.:05:49.

that he will privatise lots of sectors of the economy, that he

:05:50.:05:53.

wants to raise the retirement age. There will be a policy shift now for

:05:54.:06:00.

Brazilians, and it is not clear yet if there will be political stability

:06:01.:06:03.

in this country any time soon. Juliet, with the very latest there

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in Brazil, thank you. It's one of his most

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controversial ideas - building a wall along America's

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southern border to keep Mexicans from illegally crossing

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into the United States. Now, Donald Trump is expected

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to arrive shortly in Mexico for a meeting with the country's

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president, Enrique Pena Nieto. It comes just hours before he's due

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to make a long-anticipated Some say Trump is softening

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his stance on the wall. This was his latest statement

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on the issue. We are also going to

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secure our border and stop the drugs from pouring in and

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destroying our country. We are going to build

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a wall folks, don't worry. In the past, his determination

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to build a walL, paid for by Mexico, He said it was needed

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to keep out undesirables. They are bringing drugs in,

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they are rapists, Not surprisingly, the reaction

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from Mexico has been The president said Trump's

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rhetoric is dangerous. There is already a barrier along

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part of the Mexican border. One former Mexican president said

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it was ridiculous to force Mexico to pay for an extension

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right along the frontier. How can any human

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being think like that? After his meeting in Mexico,

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Mr Trump will be giving another big With me now to discuss

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is the BBC's Katty Kay. Of all the things Donald Trump could

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be doing, and all the places he could be, Mexico would not be top of

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the agenda, you would think. What is he up to? Well, he likes to surprise

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people, and this has certainly surprised everybody in the political

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hierarchy. It has got him a lot of attention, we are talking about it,

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which is exactly what he likes. It potentially gives him a chance to

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look statesman-like, look presidential. This is his first

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meeting with a foreign leader since he announced his bid for the

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presidency. He could apologise. There is some expectation that he

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might apologise to the Mexicans for some of the more incendiary things

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he has said, though not necessarily for his policies, and I guess the

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campaign is thinking that maybe with Hispanic voters it does not go down

:08:49.:08:52.

too badly, although I suspect it doesn't make too much difference to

:08:53.:08:56.

voters in America. What could possibly be in it for the Mexican

:08:57.:09:02.

president? That is fascinating, why did he invite Donald Trump to visit

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him? His approval rates are in the 20s, is one of the most unpopular

:09:07.:09:12.

people in Mexico. There will be protests in Mexico City around this

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visit. What does he get out of being seen with the person that Mexicans

:09:17.:09:20.

love to hate? I'm not sure what is in it for him. He invited both

:09:21.:09:24.

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. I suspect he is sitting there wishing

:09:25.:09:28.

he wasn't coming, this is just a headache for him and it does not

:09:29.:09:31.

look great. There is no love lost between the two men they have traded

:09:32.:09:36.

insults on social media. We don't know what they will talk about, do

:09:37.:09:40.

we? Donald Trump has banned the press. The big issues for the

:09:41.:09:45.

Mexicans are the way Donald Trump has spoken about the Mexicans,

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calling them rapists and criminals who are crossing the border, and of

:09:50.:09:53.

course the wall, which he says Mexicans should pay for. Donald

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Trump is revising issues around deporting Mexicans who are here

:09:58.:10:01.

illegally, he is fudging that one and we don't know what his policy

:10:02.:10:05.

is, but he is not backing down on that wall, and I can't believe he

:10:06.:10:09.

will go to Mexico City and say that is a mistake after all. We could

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hear more about that later. Absolutely.

:10:13.:10:13.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:10:14.:10:16.

A pregnant woman is among a new cluster of people diagnosed

:10:17.:10:18.

with Zika in Singapore, where there are now more

:10:19.:10:20.

The government announced the first locally transmitted infection

:10:21.:10:23.

on Saturday and the number of people diagnosed with the virus

:10:24.:10:26.

Pregnant women are most at risk because of Zika's potential

:10:27.:10:30.

South Korea says North Korea has executed its vice premier

:10:31.:10:36.

for education, who was spotted slouched in his chair

:10:37.:10:38.

Officials in Seoul claim Kim Yong-jin was killed by firing

:10:39.:10:45.

squad although his death is yet to be independently verified.

:10:46.:10:55.

A flight from Houston to London was full is to make an emergency landing

:10:56.:11:01.

in Ireland after 16 people were injured during what was described as

:11:02.:11:05.

severe and unexpected turbulence. Three of those injured on board the

:11:06.:11:11.

United Airlines flight children. There is troubling news facing

:11:12.:11:12.

elephants in Africa. The BBC has exclusively uncovered

:11:13.:11:13.

that the number of elephants living in the wild in Africa has fallen

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dramatically over the last decade. That's the finding of a wide-scale

:11:17.:11:19.

census of the creatures, carried out over 600,000

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square miles of territory, stretching from Mali in West Africa,

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across to Ethiopia and The survey claims there are around

:11:24.:11:26.

380,000 elephants living on the The numbers of elephants fell

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by around 30% between 2007 and 2014. In the last two years,

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that's sped up, with herd sizes Poaching for the ivory

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trade is the main cause. Looking at individual countries,

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60% of Tanzania's large herds have And, over the same time frame,

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the number of elephants in Mozambique has also

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more than halved. What other way to count

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a whole continent of For two years, they have been

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flying just 300 feet Sadly, their findings paint a

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depressing picture. In country after country, they have

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countered the carcasses. This is the cost of the poachers

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and traffickers serving Asia's We have been flying along this

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flood plain that divides Namibia and Botswana,

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and all the way along here, we have been seeing

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carcasses of elephants, some four months old,

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some less than a week old. Clearly, poaching. The face has been

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hacked away to get to the tasks. Mike Chase led the research. He

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found the worst hotspot of poaching are in Tanzania, Mozambique and

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Angola. Each year we are losing

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30,000 elephants. If this current rate continues,

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within nine years Africa could be left with half of the current

:13:31.:13:33.

estimate of African elephants. Botswana has 40% of Africa's

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elephants, but amid the worst drought in decades,

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they are under increasing pressure. The only way to protect them

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is to know how many there are, That means tranquillising some

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to fit satellite tracking collars. It takes just a few minutes

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for the drugs to take effect. They have got to be careful

:13:55.:14:01.

the trunk is not blocked. This elephant is about 50 years old,

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given his size, and the collar has to be really big to get that GPS

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tracker around his neck. They are trying to work as quickly

:14:10.:14:13.

as they can so they can get him The click of the whole process is

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done, the better. Then, inject the antidote and retreat to a safe

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distance. Let's get out of here. This map illustrates

:14:34.:14:39.

the movement of five The tracking data shows how

:14:40.:14:47.

the elephants, the dots, used to travel across

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five countries, but now Elephants clearly have a cognitive

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ability to understand where they are threatened

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and where they are safe. In this case, they are seeking

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refuge and sanctuary in Botswana. Is there room for them? No. Even

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without a drought, Botswana can't cope with so many elephants. Hunting

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has been banned here, culling is even being discussed. Currently we

:15:27.:15:31.

are housing a lot of refugee elephants in Botswana. The numbers

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of elephants in Botswana is so high that it puts a lot of pressure on

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the environment. The last true century for Africa's elephants is,

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for the first time, now firmly in the poacher's site. There were days

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on the great elephant centres when the clay-macro I thought the only

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good I was doing was reporting the disappearance of one of the most

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marvellous animals that ever walked this planet. But we have to be

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hopeful. The campaign to stop the poachers and traffickers across the

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continent continues. The Italian Coastguard says it has

:16:13.:16:16.

coordinated the rescue of more than 10,000 people in the last few

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days off the coast of Libya. Today, thousands of these migrants

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have been landing in European ports The BBC's special correspondent

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Ed Thomas is at the Sicilian port of Pozzallo, where he has been

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speaking to some of those Off the Libyan coast there have

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been 70 rescue missions Thousands, like this baby,

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have been pulled A warning that this

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crisis is not easing. These calm waters have given

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the desperate These men, women and children

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were picked up by the Italian Navy. There is relief,

:16:58.:17:06.

but also exhaustion, All they have are the

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clothes on their backs. If you take a look at this group,

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they don't have any shoes. These are the lucky ones

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because they have made it here. Nearly 3000 have died

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in the crossing from Libya to Italy It is hard to understand why

:17:35.:17:38.

anyone would do this. But then listen to this

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man from Nigeria. I saw people die, people

:17:57.:18:00.

cut off peoples' heads. Both say they are running

:18:01.:18:14.

from Islamist What would have happened

:18:15.:18:16.

to you if you had stayed? To me, if I was in Nigeria, I

:18:17.:18:21.

believe I would no longer be alive. Why should Europe, Italy, give you

:18:22.:18:27.

a job? 10,000 have crossed this

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route since Sunday. People from Somalia, Eritrea,

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the Middle East and Bangladesh. With the European fleet waiting

:18:58.:19:01.

off the Libyan coast, some fear it has made life too easy

:19:02.:19:05.

for the smugglers, exploiting those who will gamble

:19:06.:19:09.

their lives to begin again. The British Prime Minister Theresa

:19:10.:19:12.

May has repeated her insistence that there will be no second

:19:13.:19:27.

referendum on Brexit. In a meeting to discuss developments

:19:28.:19:29.

since June's vote to leave the European Union,

:19:30.:19:31.

she told her colleagues they had a chance to forge a new role

:19:32.:19:34.

for Britain in the world. As the BBC has reported,

:19:35.:19:41.

the actor and comedian Gene Wilder died earlier this week due

:19:42.:19:44.

to complications from Alzheimer's - a devastating disease that affects

:19:45.:19:46.

millions of people around the world. Now, researchers are testing

:19:47.:19:49.

a new drug they hope could one The normal electrical pathways

:19:50.:19:51.

which transmit information become blocked with plaque,

:19:52.:20:03.

cutting off thoughts It is an incurable disease,

:20:04.:20:07.

but now a new drug being trialled is giving some

:20:08.:20:13.

early signs of hope. Scientists at this centre in London,

:20:14.:20:15.

who are about to take part in the next stage of the trial,

:20:16.:20:18.

say it is exciting. If this is successful,

:20:19.:20:22.

if we can show improvement or delay in progression

:20:23.:20:25.

with Alzheimer's disease, That changes everything

:20:26.:20:28.

about the way that we think about medical trials,

:20:29.:20:34.

managing treatments for people with So, what do we know about how

:20:35.:20:38.

effective this drug These are the scans of patients

:20:39.:20:42.

at the start of the The red areas are a build-up

:20:43.:20:47.

of damaging sticky proteins, characteristic

:20:48.:20:51.

of Alzheimer's patients. Look at the same for patients

:20:52.:20:55.

scanned after a No change in the placebo patient,

:20:56.:20:58.

who did not get the drug, but the higher the dose,

:20:59.:21:05.

the less red you can see, which are the proteins

:21:06.:21:08.

being reduced. Problems are caused because

:21:09.:21:09.

the proteins build up in clumps around the neurons in the brain,

:21:10.:21:17.

blocking the connections and causing The drug is thought to work

:21:18.:21:19.

by marking the plaques. This alerts the body's immune system

:21:20.:21:25.

so it can target and destroy them. The drug is unlikely

:21:26.:21:29.

to repair actual damage to the brain,

:21:30.:21:32.

but the hope is it might stop That is something Susan

:21:33.:21:34.

Jonas would welcome. She underwent the painful experience

:21:35.:21:39.

of watching her mother's slow mental decline

:21:40.:21:42.

as Alzheimer's took hold. My friend who came every day,

:21:43.:21:48.

she found her one morning sitting on the sofa in front

:21:49.:21:50.

of the television, which was not something she watched very much,

:21:51.:21:53.

but she was still dressed and it was Alzheimer's research is littered

:21:54.:21:56.

with failed drugs that looked If successful, this

:21:57.:22:11.

drug would be the BBC Pop-up is back, this

:22:12.:22:15.

time in Russia to report on stories suggested

:22:16.:22:27.

by you, the viewers. This time the team set

:22:28.:22:29.

off on a 31-hour train journey on the famous

:22:30.:22:31.

Trans-Siberian Railway, giving them plenty of time to speak

:22:32.:22:34.

with fellow passengers. There's no escaping it -

:22:35.:22:36.

the US presidential election, and in particular, the Republican

:22:37.:22:42.

nominee, Donald Trump. We are at Kaczynski train station

:22:43.:22:52.

in Moscow and we are about to hop We are about to get on a 31 hour

:22:53.:22:56.

train journey taking us across Russia to go

:22:57.:23:01.

on the Trans-Siberian Railway. So, having recently flown

:23:02.:23:04.

in from the US where there is a heated presidential election

:23:05.:23:28.

going on, I'm curious what the Russian passengers

:23:29.:23:31.

on board this train think about the United States right now,

:23:32.:23:34.

and maybe, more specifically, We have some breaking news that

:23:35.:25:49.

Donald Trump has now landed in Mexico for that extraordinary

:25:50.:25:50.

meeting with the Mexican president. Hello, Thursday marks the first day

:25:51.:26:11.

of mutual logical autumn. It is actually looking pretty good across

:26:12.:26:14.

much of the UK, things to this ridge of high pressure building in from

:26:15.:26:17.

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