31/08/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, reporting from Washington.


Brazil's Senate decides overwhelmingly


But she wins a second vote, meaning she won't be completely


An alarming trend in Africa's elephant population.


A new study shows a dramatic decline and warns the numbers


If this current rate continues, within nine years, Africa could be


left with half of the current estimate of African elephants.


Donald Trump is headed to Mexico ahead of a long-anticipated


What we might expect from his surprise trip?


And, talking Trump on the Trans-Siberian Railway.


Our BBC Pop-up team is in Russia, asking passengers their thoughts


The Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff, has been removed


from office at the end of a heated impeachment trial.


61 senators out of 81 found Ms Rousseff guilty of breaking


the law by tampering with the budget to hide a growing deficit.


There were celebratory scenes in the Senate as the result of


It was then announced by Supreme Court judge


But in a second vote, senators chose not to bar her


The Vice-President Michel Temer is to be sworn in as the new interim


Let's take a look at some of the key dates which led to today's vote.


In 2010, Dilma Rousseff became the first woman to be elected


In March 2013, just over halfway into her first term in office,


she was on a career high, enjoying approval ratings


She then narrowly won her second election in October 2014.


But following this, her approval ratings plummeted.


According to a poll released in April this year, 63%


of respondents across the country said her government


Experts said this reflected voters' disillusionment with a deep


recession and the corruption scandal involving the state-controlled


She was then suspended in May this year after the Senate voted to go


And for the latest, let's cross live to the BBC's Julia Carneiro


Julia, this is not surprising, of course, but it is still pretty


shocking. Just how significant is this vote? It is a very dramatic


moment here in Brazil. We have been discussing this proceeding is nine


months, since it was established by Congress, and now we have had the


decisive moment with President Dilma Rousseff stripped of her mandate.


This is the second time this has happened since democracy was


re-established here in Brazil in 1985 after the military


dictatorship. Brazil is still a young democracy after that period,


and this is, of course, a moment of gravity. We have seen senators


celebrate inside Congress, singing the national anthem, but some


senators were also standing still, silent, with lots of gravity in


there. This reflects what is felt in the Brazilian population. We have


seen many people celebrating today, millions have taken to the streets


over past month calling for her impeachment, but there are also many


other people who did not agree with the way this was going forward. Is


this the end of her career because she did win that second vote that


could have barred her from politics for at least eight years? Yes, and


this was a surprise. This was a decision made today to separate that


decision and vote on whether she should lose her political rights or


not, and it turned out that she did manage to retain her political


rights. But I think the blow is still the same, having been stripped


of her mandate, it is almost a consolation is that she maintains


her political rights. She is not someone who had a political career


before being chosen as the president's successor. It was not


clear what she would do now, if she would still want to pursue the path


of the political life, especially after going through this painful


impeachment process. But now we are going to see the inauguration of the


interim president made official, he used to be the vice president of


Dilma Rousseff, and is from the Conservative Party here in Brazil


and he is promising to put the economy back on track. That will


probably include a series of austerity measures. He has signalled


that he will privatise lots of sectors of the economy, that he


wants to raise the retirement age. There will be a policy shift now for


Brazilians, and it is not clear yet if there will be political stability


in this country any time soon. Juliet, with the very latest there


in Brazil, thank you. It's one of his most


controversial ideas - building a wall along America's


southern border to keep Mexicans from illegally crossing


into the United States. Now, Donald Trump is expected


to arrive shortly in Mexico for a meeting with the country's


president, Enrique Pena Nieto. It comes just hours before he's due


to make a long-anticipated Some say Trump is softening


his stance on the wall. This was his latest statement


on the issue. We are also going to


secure our border and stop the drugs from pouring in and


destroying our country. We are going to build


a wall folks, don't worry. In the past, his determination


to build a walL, paid for by Mexico, He said it was needed


to keep out undesirables. They are bringing drugs in,


they are rapists, Not surprisingly, the reaction


from Mexico has been The president said Trump's


rhetoric is dangerous. There is already a barrier along


part of the Mexican border. One former Mexican president said


it was ridiculous to force Mexico to pay for an extension


right along the frontier. How can any human


being think like that? After his meeting in Mexico,


Mr Trump will be giving another big With me now to discuss


is the BBC's Katty Kay. Of all the things Donald Trump could


be doing, and all the places he could be, Mexico would not be top of


the agenda, you would think. What is he up to? Well, he likes to surprise


people, and this has certainly surprised everybody in the political


hierarchy. It has got him a lot of attention, we are talking about it,


which is exactly what he likes. It potentially gives him a chance to


look statesman-like, look presidential. This is his first


meeting with a foreign leader since he announced his bid for the


presidency. He could apologise. There is some expectation that he


might apologise to the Mexicans for some of the more incendiary things


he has said, though not necessarily for his policies, and I guess the


campaign is thinking that maybe with Hispanic voters it does not go down


too badly, although I suspect it doesn't make too much difference to


voters in America. What could possibly be in it for the Mexican


president? That is fascinating, why did he invite Donald Trump to visit


him? His approval rates are in the 20s, is one of the most unpopular


people in Mexico. There will be protests in Mexico City around this


visit. What does he get out of being seen with the person that Mexicans


love to hate? I'm not sure what is in it for him. He invited both


Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. I suspect he is sitting there wishing


he wasn't coming, this is just a headache for him and it does not


look great. There is no love lost between the two men they have traded


insults on social media. We don't know what they will talk about, do


we? Donald Trump has banned the press. The big issues for the


Mexicans are the way Donald Trump has spoken about the Mexicans,


calling them rapists and criminals who are crossing the border, and of


course the wall, which he says Mexicans should pay for. Donald


Trump is revising issues around deporting Mexicans who are here


illegally, he is fudging that one and we don't know what his policy


is, but he is not backing down on that wall, and I can't believe he


will go to Mexico City and say that is a mistake after all. We could


hear more about that later. Absolutely.


Now a look at some of the days other news.


A pregnant woman is among a new cluster of people diagnosed


with Zika in Singapore, where there are now more


The government announced the first locally transmitted infection


on Saturday and the number of people diagnosed with the virus


Pregnant women are most at risk because of Zika's potential


South Korea says North Korea has executed its vice premier


for education, who was spotted slouched in his chair


Officials in Seoul claim Kim Yong-jin was killed by firing


squad although his death is yet to be independently verified.


A flight from Houston to London was full is to make an emergency landing


in Ireland after 16 people were injured during what was described as


severe and unexpected turbulence. Three of those injured on board the


United Airlines flight children. There is troubling news facing


elephants in Africa. The BBC has exclusively uncovered


that the number of elephants living in the wild in Africa has fallen


dramatically over the last decade. That's the finding of a wide-scale


census of the creatures, carried out over 600,000


square miles of territory, stretching from Mali in West Africa,


across to Ethiopia and The survey claims there are around


380,000 elephants living on the The numbers of elephants fell


by around 30% between 2007 and 2014. In the last two years,


that's sped up, with herd sizes Poaching for the ivory


trade is the main cause. Looking at individual countries,


60% of Tanzania's large herds have And, over the same time frame,


the number of elephants in Mozambique has also


more than halved. What other way to count


a whole continent of For two years, they have been


flying just 300 feet Sadly, their findings paint a


depressing picture. In country after country, they have


countered the carcasses. This is the cost of the poachers


and traffickers serving Asia's We have been flying along this


flood plain that divides Namibia and Botswana,


and all the way along here, we have been seeing


carcasses of elephants, some four months old,


some less than a week old. Clearly, poaching. The face has been


hacked away to get to the tasks. Mike Chase led the research. He


found the worst hotspot of poaching are in Tanzania, Mozambique and


Angola. Each year we are losing


30,000 elephants. If this current rate continues,


within nine years Africa could be left with half of the current


estimate of African elephants. Botswana has 40% of Africa's


elephants, but amid the worst drought in decades,


they are under increasing pressure. The only way to protect them


is to know how many there are, That means tranquillising some


to fit satellite tracking collars. It takes just a few minutes


for the drugs to take effect. They have got to be careful


the trunk is not blocked. This elephant is about 50 years old,


given his size, and the collar has to be really big to get that GPS


tracker around his neck. They are trying to work as quickly


as they can so they can get him The click of the whole process is


done, the better. Then, inject the antidote and retreat to a safe


distance. Let's get out of here. This map illustrates


the movement of five The tracking data shows how


the elephants, the dots, used to travel across


five countries, but now Elephants clearly have a cognitive


ability to understand where they are threatened


and where they are safe. In this case, they are seeking


refuge and sanctuary in Botswana. Is there room for them? No. Even


without a drought, Botswana can't cope with so many elephants. Hunting


has been banned here, culling is even being discussed. Currently we


are housing a lot of refugee elephants in Botswana. The numbers


of elephants in Botswana is so high that it puts a lot of pressure on


the environment. The last true century for Africa's elephants is,


for the first time, now firmly in the poacher's site. There were days


on the great elephant centres when the clay-macro I thought the only


good I was doing was reporting the disappearance of one of the most


marvellous animals that ever walked this planet. But we have to be


hopeful. The campaign to stop the poachers and traffickers across the


continent continues. The Italian Coastguard says it has


coordinated the rescue of more than 10,000 people in the last few


days off the coast of Libya. Today, thousands of these migrants


have been landing in European ports The BBC's special correspondent


Ed Thomas is at the Sicilian port of Pozzallo, where he has been


speaking to some of those Off the Libyan coast there have


been 70 rescue missions Thousands, like this baby,


have been pulled A warning that this


crisis is not easing. These calm waters have given


the desperate These men, women and children


were picked up by the Italian Navy. There is relief,


but also exhaustion, All they have are the


clothes on their backs. If you take a look at this group,


they don't have any shoes. These are the lucky ones


because they have made it here. Nearly 3000 have died


in the crossing from Libya to Italy It is hard to understand why


anyone would do this. But then listen to this


man from Nigeria. I saw people die, people


cut off peoples' heads. Both say they are running


from Islamist What would have happened


to you if you had stayed? To me, if I was in Nigeria, I


believe I would no longer be alive. Why should Europe, Italy, give you


a job? 10,000 have crossed this


route since Sunday. People from Somalia, Eritrea,


the Middle East and Bangladesh. With the European fleet waiting


off the Libyan coast, some fear it has made life too easy


for the smugglers, exploiting those who will gamble


their lives to begin again. The British Prime Minister Theresa


May has repeated her insistence that there will be no second


referendum on Brexit. In a meeting to discuss developments


since June's vote to leave the European Union,


she told her colleagues they had a chance to forge a new role


for Britain in the world. As the BBC has reported,


the actor and comedian Gene Wilder died earlier this week due


to complications from Alzheimer's - a devastating disease that affects


millions of people around the world. Now, researchers are testing


a new drug they hope could one The normal electrical pathways


which transmit information become blocked with plaque,


cutting off thoughts It is an incurable disease,


but now a new drug being trialled is giving some


early signs of hope. Scientists at this centre in London,


who are about to take part in the next stage of the trial,


say it is exciting. If this is successful,


if we can show improvement or delay in progression


with Alzheimer's disease, That changes everything


about the way that we think about medical trials,


managing treatments for people with So, what do we know about how


effective this drug These are the scans of patients


at the start of the The red areas are a build-up


of damaging sticky proteins, characteristic


of Alzheimer's patients. Look at the same for patients


scanned after a No change in the placebo patient,


who did not get the drug, but the higher the dose,


the less red you can see, which are the proteins


being reduced. Problems are caused because


the proteins build up in clumps around the neurons in the brain,


blocking the connections and causing The drug is thought to work


by marking the plaques. This alerts the body's immune system


so it can target and destroy them. The drug is unlikely


to repair actual damage to the brain,


but the hope is it might stop That is something Susan


Jonas would welcome. She underwent the painful experience


of watching her mother's slow mental decline


as Alzheimer's took hold. My friend who came every day,


she found her one morning sitting on the sofa in front


of the television, which was not something she watched very much,


but she was still dressed and it was Alzheimer's research is littered


with failed drugs that looked If successful, this


drug would be the BBC Pop-up is back, this


time in Russia to report on stories suggested


by you, the viewers. This time the team set


off on a 31-hour train journey on the famous


Trans-Siberian Railway, giving them plenty of time to speak


with fellow passengers. There's no escaping it -


the US presidential election, and in particular, the Republican


nominee, Donald Trump. We are at Kaczynski train station


in Moscow and we are about to hop We are about to get on a 31 hour


train journey taking us across Russia to go


on the Trans-Siberian Railway. So, having recently flown


in from the US where there is a heated presidential election


going on, I'm curious what the Russian passengers


on board this train think about the United States right now,


and maybe, more specifically, We have some breaking news that


Donald Trump has now landed in Mexico for that extraordinary


meeting with the Mexican president. Hello, Thursday marks the first day


of mutual logical autumn. It is actually looking pretty good across


much of the UK, things to this ridge of high pressure building in from


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