01/09/2016 World News Today


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Apple's chief executive hits back at a European ruling


that the company owes Ireland billions in back taxes.


A new year and new skills to learn, as terror drills become part


Also coming up, Donald Trump reinforces his tough


stance on immigration, and once again it's


We will build a great wall along the southern border,


and Mexico will pay for the wall.


And $200 million goes up in smoke when a test-fire of a SpaceX rocket


The row between Apple and the European Commission


On Tuesday the Commission ruled that Apple had to pay billions of euros


Both Ireland and Apple say they will appeal the ruling,


which Apple boss Tim Cook says is politically motivated.


He's defended Apple's handling of its tax affairs,


saying it pays a combined global rate of more than 26%.


He told Irish media that the company had done nothing wrong.


It's clear that this comes from a political place.


And, unfortunately, it's one of those things


When you're accused of doing something that is so foreign


to your values, it brings out an outrage in you.


The European Commission's Competition chief,


Margrethe Vestager, has responded to Tim Cook's comments,


saying that the Commission's decision had nothing


We rest our practices on something very fundamental


And the thing is that even if it weren't like this,


we always have the courts to keep us on a straight line based on fact.


Because I don't think the courts will hear any kind of political


opinions, or feelings, or what's in your stomach, or whatever.


They want the facts of the case and that is what we have to produce.


For more on this, let's turn to our North America


Technology Ccorrespondent, Dave Lee.


Tim Cook clearly is taking things very personally. Isn't it a risky


tactic to make a moral argument for a multi-billion dollar corporation


against paying taxes? I think depending on your view of Apple


prior to this row, that is one way to take it. The company has gone


through a huge amount of effort to move itself around the world and


minimise what it pays in tax. Apple maintains it has done up within the


law and it is some of the numbers that the European Commission were


talking about earlier in the week. -- its disputes some of the numbers.


The European Commission says it was talking about subsidiaries, not


Apple as a home. -- as a whole. It is all getting very bogged down in


technicalities. Tim Cook is making an emotional argument in interviews


today. It is similar to how Apple dealt with the row earlier this year


that encryption and it is all about gaining public support. It seems


they are using the same tactics to be that had been in the hope they


will get the backing in the business community, but also the general


public in an instant in tax. When a big company doesn't come to avoid so


much tax it will be a much harder sell to the public than the


encryption row was earlier this year. This whole issue is dividing a


lot of opinion that Apple does seem to be gaining some support? -- but


Apple does seem to be gaining some support? There has been some notable


support from the former EU commissioner who had a reputation


for being very harsh and technology companies. Many people refer to her


as dearly. She has written in the Guardian newspaper to say that while


a lot has to be done with taxes, particularly with multinationals


like Apple, retrospective punishment on the right way to go. While she


says that Apple does need to perhaps pay more into the tax kitty around


the world, particularly in Europe, she thinks punishing isn't the way


to do it. It is an interesting way to how a European Works, saying this


is in the right thing to do. Apple will be very pleased with that


support, certainly. An issue that won't be resolved any time soon.


Thank you, David Lee. that appears to be Donald Trump's


latest message as he pushes on with his campaign


for the White House. On Wednesday he went to Mexico


to meet President Pena Nieto, and then flew back to the US to lay


out his tough stance on immigration Our Washington Correspondent,


Laura Bicker, reports. There is to be no pivot,


no softening of his stance. Donald Trump is holding his course


on immigration, starting with the policy that has become


so popular with his voting base. We will build a great wall along


the southern border. And Mexico will pay


for the wall. As for the millions in the country


illegally, Mr Trump says it is time for them to leave, only then can


they apply to come back. Illegal immigrants who have


committed crimes I am going to create a new special


deportation task force, focused on identifying and quickly


removing the most dangerous criminal illegal immigrants in America


who have evaded justice, just like Hillary Clinton


has evaded justice. This was a very different tone


to the one he had taken earlier with the Mexican president


on a surprise visit. We didn't discuss


payment of the wall. However, this was disputed


by President Pena Nieto, "At the beginning of


the conversation with Donald Trump, I made it clear Mexico


would not pay for the wall." Just one more controversy


in a campaign which has It is a tale of two Trumps. We have


is the BBC's Katty Kay. It is a tale of two Trumps. We have


-- who do you believe? The person I went to Mexico is Trump trying to be


a good behaviour. The person who spoke so fervently in Arizona is the


person tromp really is. He seemed more comfortable with it, that is a


difference of opinion in his campaign. All of those campaign


officials who had been telling us that Donald Trump would suffer his


position on immigration, he refuted all of them and you can only suggest


that somewhere between flying back from Mexico City to Phoenix he


decided he will take a tough line on immigration. And it is a short trip.


Does this mean he has given up on trying to encourage the Hispanic


vote? Realistically, Donald Trump's chances after all of the things he


has said, all of the video clips about calling Mexicans rapists and


criminals, noting the wall, some of the disparaging comments, he was not


going to improve his standing with Hispanic voters whatever he did. The


trip to Mexico was more about looking presidential than winning


Hispanic voters. The speech last night was about shoring up his base,


giving them what he wanted, chucking red meat at the crowd. I think he's


decided he's not going to get those Hispanic voters so he will stick to


to his principles. What about moderate voters, those who might be


wavering? I just don't know how many moderate voters there left. I really


don't know how many waverers, after 1.5 years of two candidates who are


incredibly well known either through reality TV or being in the public


eye for the last 20 years, it's very hard to believe that the numbers of


Americans who have not made up their minds is very large. The number of


the persuadable is very small this time round. They also two of the


most unpopular candidates in American history. There has got to


be somebody out there thinking, "I can't do it for one or the other."


We know there are many people who don't want to vote for either and


bolster home during this election. What Donald Trump was doing last


night in Arizona was making sure those people who voted for him in


the primary turnouts to the polls on November the 8th. This will be an


election campaign about making sure your supporters are terrified of the


other candidate getting elected and that gives them an incentive to turn


out. Very quickly, do you think President Pena Nieto is regretting


anything today? I can't see how this helps him. He looked like somebody


who didn't stand up to Donald Trump in a press conference. He invited


this terribly unpopular man, and then Donald Trump gives him a slap


in the face by giving that red meat speech. And so it continues. Thank


you for joining me. 12 million pupils returned


to school today in France, but with more security measures


in place than usual because of concerns over


the threat of terrorism. Armed police were on patrol as many


staff and students entered And as part of the curriculum,


pupils will now be taught to hide, escape and help each other


in the event of an attack. There's no specific new threat


against French schools, just a general awareness that


as prime symbols of the French republic and as prime purveyors


of the French secular nonreligious culture, they are,


in the eyes of many jihadists, That's why as much tougher


security outside schools 3,000 reservists are


on patrol outside schools. But that's because the patrols


are randomly designated There is new money for security


at entrances to schools, Every school in the country has


to have a simulation exercise this term, simulating not


a fire or a natural disaster, That's because the response


of the children has to be different. In a terrorist incursion,


if you can, you escape. If you can't, you stay put,


stick together, keep quiet. Even kindergarten children will be


having this exercise, and they'll be learning


through a game. The game is called


The King Of Silence. The idea is that these tiny children


who, in the event of a real terrorist incursion,


would have no idea what was going on, that they learn to stay as long


as possible for their own safety Now for a look at some


of the day's other news. A powerful earthquake


with a magnitude of 7.1 has been The epicentre of the quake


was around 170 kilometres northeast of the town of Gisborne -


off the coast of the North Island. Residents of a small


community on the island have been asked to evacuate -


but there are no immediate reports Swiss prosecutors are investigating


the former German football star, Franz Beckenbauer, for alleged


corruption relating to Germany's successful bid to host


the 2006 World Cup. Police raided Mr Beckenbauer's


property in Austria as part The Swiss Attorney General's Office


says Beckenbauer and three others are suspected of fraud


and money laundering. Gabon says it has arrested more


than 1,000 people as it tries to restore order after disputed


presidential election President Ali Bongo condemned


opposition supporters His rival in the election,


opposition leader Jean Ping, told the BBC that on Wednesday night


a government helicopter Opposition supporters accuse


the government of rigging the poll. A law that comes into effect today


in the German state of Bavaria allows the authorities to tell


new refugees where to live. All refugees dependant on the state


for benefits and housing will be allocated a town where they must


settle for up to three years. Supporters say the law


helps refugees integrate But critics say that integration


depends more on helping refugees Tens of thousands of


demonstrators have gathered in the Venezuelan capital,


Caracas, to call for the removal The opposition blames the


president for a deep economic crisis in Venezuela,


and says his government has failed to tackle widespread


corruption and crime. President Maduro has accused his


opponents of plotting a coup. BBC Mundo's Luis


Fahardo is in Miami. This has been brewing for some time.


Why has it come to a head now? There is an actual deadline approaching,


in electoral terms, the opposition against President Maduro. It is


trying to get the electoral authorities to allow for a


referendum, a recall referendum. This referendum has to be done


before January, in case it succeeds for calling new elections. If it


doesn't, President Nicolas Maduro will have two lead. But the vice


President from his own party would probably stay in office. It is a big


deal for the opposition to have to get that done now, to try to


convince the electoral authorities to authorise the remaining parts of


the referendum to go ahead. Of course, this is all in a context of


great social crisis, of great economic crisis. As you know,


Venezuela has the highest inflation in the world, and growing discontent


in many two wards of the government of President Nicolas Maduro. How


unstable as the country right now? You would expect any kind of


government facing this amount of economic trouble to face very


serious difficulties. As I was saying before, Venezuela is having


major, major economic problems and an economic breakdown in many ways.


People are finding it difficult to get basic foods tables. In that


sense, you would think it is a great opportunity for the opportunity.


However, pro-government sectors have accused the opposition of not taking


into account the everyday difficulties of Venezuelans, facing


an obsession with getting the recall referendum. That said, they are not


addressing the needs and hopes the Venezuelan people either. At this


point, it has been going on for a while, a sort of stalemate between


two forces in Venezuela. The opposition and the government led by


President Nicolas Maduro, trying to continue the political movement that


Hugo Chavez is set in motion more than one decade ago. At this moment,


it is not clear that this will lead to a major change in the short term.


Thank you very much for the latest on the situation in Venezuela.


Africa's elephant population has plunged over the last decade,


The worrying results of the Great Elephant Census have


led campaigners to call for a world wide ban on the ivory trade.


Researchers have warned that half of Africa's remaining elephants


could be gone in the next nine years if the current rate of poaching


Our Africa Correspondent, Alastair Leithead, has sent this


Feeding time at an elephant orphanage in Nairobi.


Half of these youngsters are here because their mothers


All will be reintroduced back into the wild, but their future


is threatened by the poachers, the traffickers, and by Asia's


This particular elephant very close to us here, her name is Roie.


She is almost three, and she was rescued


This was after her mother had been killed by poachers.


She was found trying to protect the dead body of the mother,


who had been killed by poachers, and she was very young.


The first Great Elephant Census, which counted animals


across 18 African countries, says a third of the elephants had


You see countries like Mozambique, which has lost half its elephants


in the last five years, Tanzania 60% of its elephants,


other hotspots around the Continent, and this big prediction that


if things continue as they, if the poaching rates go on,


then half the elephants in Africa will be gone in just


Botswana has discovered a huge number of elephants have been


With 40%t of the continent's elephants, it has been


But, like everywhere else, the animals are under threat.


RADIO: The cosy pretence that Botswana's elephants are well


protected has been blown out of the water.


This is the last thing I expected to see.


Kenya's approach to conservation was illustrated quite


with the biggest ever ivory burn of the country's stockpile.


Despite the high price of black market ivory,


campaigners here believe it is worth nothing,


The situation facing elephants is critical,


and I doubt that any country in the world would support any


That is, you think, the solution to this?


I think elephants deserve to be unthreatened again in the future.


There should be no future ivory trade.


If the poaching crisis continues then Africa's elephants,


roaming wild across vast areas of this continent,


Joining me now from our Nairobi studio is Howard Frederick,


the Chief Technical Advisor to the Great Elephant Census.


That is a heartbreaking thought, the fact that elephants could completely


disappear. Why is it so difficult to stop the ivory trade that most


people are opposed to? I think stopping the ivory trade is such a


massive task. The scale of these protected areas, just in Tanzania


alone we surveyed about 300,000 square kilometres. Protecting these


areas is incredibly difficult. With these mass-market of overseas


demanding so much more ivory year-on-year, it is an incredibly


difficult task. What is your senses actually do and why is it so


important? -- your census. This is the first time we have been able to


look at all the elephant population in one go. Usually we get the


information in bits and pieces. We get news from Tanzania that some of


our area may be under threat, or we get news from Gabon or camera room.


But when we get a chance to really understand this can be covered it no


longer becomes a rumour, you get to see this incredible decline going


on. What we've been taking -- while we have been taking in various


different countries, now we can begin to change our focus to look at


the markets, we can actually begin to see the scale of this problem and


how massive it actually is. The other really important aspect of


this is we are beginning to see movement south. We've so far seen


the forest elephants declined dramatically. There have been


declines in Mozambique and Tanzania which are of great concern. But the


worry if it will continue on moving south. This gave the problem is bad


now, but it could get much worse. What more can we do that hasn't


already been tried? There is so much more that hasn't been done yet. The


scale of these areas is so huge. We have so many protected areas in


Tanzania which have a very low number of scouts. Areas in the north


of Tanzania, which is where I usually work, and areas north of


thing can you -- north of us in Kenya, the number of scouts is not


always effective enough to work. We need to keep up the effort. But in


particular its controlling the markets and trying to impact of the


trade in ivory and take real action over customs and the level of ivory


in the countries. Thank you. A rocket operated by the aerospace


company SpaceX has exploded on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral,


in Florida, where it was being The force of the blast shook


buildings several miles away and sent a plume of smoke high


above the complex. SpaceX said "an anomaly" had


occurred while the rocket Eric Berger is the senior space


editor for the website Ars Technica. He has been following the events


closely, and joins us now What does that mean exactly, "An


anomaly"? It's not entirely clear, but what is known is that when you


do one of these test fires, you test the engines before a launch. You


load a lot of propellant into the rocket and these are explosive


materials. There was obviously some kind of error or problem when they


were putting the fuel into the rocket. This isn't the first rocket


explosion that SpaceX has encountered. How big a setback is


this latest incident? That is the big question. It's now is clear that


the problem occurred when they were loading fuel onto the second stage


of the rocket. This is a part of the rocket after it left off and reaches


space, the second part takes over and delivers your satellite to


wherever you wanted to go. You may recall in June 20 15th there was an


issue with the second stage of the Falcon nine rocket. -- in June 2015.


If this was a problem with the second stage again and not with the


fuel it could be a major setback to have two problems with the second


stage in the space of 12 months. So much stress is being put on the idea


of developing the private space industry. Is it going too fast too


soon, do you think? That's an interesting question and certainly


one that will be asked over the next months and years as SpaceX pushes


ahead. As you know, they're working on this rocket to deliver astronauts


to the ISS within a couple of years. They want to build a bigger version


and they are talking about going to Mars in the 2020s. These are grand


ambitions. I think at some point Nasa will step forward and tell


SpaceX they are delivering them -- paying them a lot of money and would


like them to address the problems before moving onto things. It's


rocket was supposed to be carrying a satellite for an Israeli telecoms


industry. That is right, SpaceX does have a robust private business that


has come into the market over the last few years. It has sold launches


at a much reduced price to its competitors, including the Russians.


Thank you very much for joining me. The skies above several


East African countries were today lit by a blazing


"ring of fire" solar eclipse. A normal solar eclipse


happens when the moon moves between the Earth and the sun,


blocking out our star A "ring of fire" eclipse is also


known as an annular eclipse, and happens when the eclipse


isn't entirely total. These images were captured in Zambia


this afternoon. Because of the movement of the moon,


some of the sun is visible around the outside of the moon,


leaving a stunning blazing ring of fire around


the outside of the dark moon. Something that must have been quite


a sight to see. Of course, now you don't even have to Google be


definition! But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. It was a good-looking day today


across much of England and Wales thanks to a ridge of high pressure.


Scotland and Northern Ireland saw a lot more


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