02/09/2016 World News Today


02/09/2016

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After hours of confusion, it's confirmed that one of Asia's

:00:00.:00:09.

Islam Karimov has ruled Uzbekistan with an iron fist

:00:10.:00:14.

We'll look at what it means for the country and its poor

:00:15.:00:20.

A total recall of Samsung's flagship phone, the Galaxy Note 7,

:00:21.:00:27.

It's become known as "the Jungle" - we hear how the French Government

:00:28.:00:35.

has vowed to dismantle the controversial migrant

:00:36.:00:36.

And Melania Trump is suing Britain's Daily Mail Online,

:00:37.:00:42.

over a claim she worked as an escort in the 1990s.

:00:43.:00:44.

President Kariomov of Uzbekistan has died according to national TV.

:00:45.:01:07.

The 78-year-old led the central Asian country for more

:01:08.:01:09.

than a quarter of a century with an iron fist, often repressing

:01:10.:01:13.

The death of Islam Karimov could mean a power vacuum

:01:14.:01:19.

He hadn't been seen in public since mid-August.

:01:20.:01:22.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has already sent a message

:01:23.:01:24.

President Karimov will be buried in the city

:01:25.:01:31.

The Russian delegation at his funeral will be headed

:01:32.:01:35.

Uzbekistan - a landlocked country in central Asia -

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has spent most of the past 200 years as part of Russia, and then

:01:40.:01:43.

the Soviet Union, before it emerged as an independent nation in 1991.

:01:44.:01:46.

With a look back at his life, here's Rayhan Demetrie.

:01:47.:01:52.

Islam Abdug'aniyevich Karimov's election as president of independent

:01:53.:01:55.

Uzbekistan followed the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991.

:01:56.:01:59.

Those were the only elections when a genuine opposition figure

:02:00.:02:02.

stood against the former Communist Party leader.

:02:03.:02:06.

His critics and opponents were swiftly imprisoned

:02:07.:02:09.

Mr Karimov jailed thousands of devout Muslims, suspected

:02:10.:02:15.

of ties to radical Islam, and insisted that Uzbekistan

:02:16.:02:17.

was following its own version of democracy.

:02:18.:02:20.

But this was a democracy in which free speech and freedom

:02:21.:02:24.

After surviving an assassination attempt in 1999, President Karimov

:02:25.:02:30.

started a new wave of oppression against his opponents,

:02:31.:02:34.

Human rights organisations have said that hundreds of peaceful protesters

:02:35.:02:43.

were killed by government troops after an uprising

:02:44.:02:46.

The question now is - who will replace him?

:02:47.:02:51.

President Karimov's eldest daughter Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva was once

:02:52.:02:53.

a favourite to succeed her father but she fell out of grace over

:02:54.:02:56.

business scandals and an extravagant lifestyle and is currently

:02:57.:02:59.

The country's long-serving Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev

:03:00.:03:05.

and his deputy, Rustam Azimov, are among the possible successors.

:03:06.:03:11.

Loathed by his critics and described as one of the most brutal dictators

:03:12.:03:14.

of our time, President Karimov's death leaves Uzbekistan facing

:03:15.:03:16.

Our correspondent Sarah Rainsford is in Moscow for us now.

:03:17.:03:30.

The emergence of this news has not been a straightforward process. No,

:03:31.:03:38.

not at all. We had a statement out there from the government in

:03:39.:03:40.

Uzbekistan earlier today telling us that the president was any critical

:03:41.:03:44.

condition following a stroke last week but the official announcement

:03:45.:03:51.

did not come until this evening. Before that, bizarrely, we have from

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the Turkish Prime Minister who sent his condolences several hours before

:03:55.:03:58.

the official announcement and also from the Georgian President who sent

:03:59.:04:02.

his condolences, again before the official announcement. So something

:04:03.:04:06.

peculiar was going on clearly as he waited for that official statement.

:04:07.:04:09.

We now have that statement. It was read out on state television in

:04:10.:04:16.

Uzbekistan by a sombre looking newsreader in a dark at and I

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answered. He was speaking and talking on behalf of the government

:04:22.:04:25.

and parliament in Uzbekistan talking of their huge breath. They said they

:04:26.:04:29.

were informing the country of the death of their dear President. --.

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Tadhg and sued. They described Islam Karimov is a great and historic

:04:35.:04:40.

leader and said that his name was synonymous with peace and stability.

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He is the man who has led Uzbekistan for 25 years. Now that he has gone

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there is a big question over who will succeed him and the potential

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for significant uncertainty and instability in Uzbekistan because he

:04:55.:04:58.

never pointed a successor and there are big questions going forward as

:04:59.:05:05.

to who might take its place. How important has Uzbekistan been both

:05:06.:05:08.

in the region and more widely? Well, in terms of its international

:05:09.:05:14.

significance, and I suppose it is the threat when you think of the

:05:15.:05:19.

terror attacks in New York and 911, when Uzbekistan then hosted an

:05:20.:05:23.

American military base which America used for its operations inside

:05:24.:05:28.

Afghanistan against the Taliban, so it was very statistically

:05:29.:05:31.

significant as far as the US-led fight against the Taliban in

:05:32.:05:36.

Afghanistan was concerned, although that bees and the Americans were

:05:37.:05:40.

removed from the country later on when there was criticism of the

:05:41.:05:45.

governed massacre in Uzbekistan in 2005 in Andijan. That is a major

:05:46.:05:51.

moment in terms of the Uzbekistan's human rights record, so it was

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widely criticised. No one in Uzbekistan has ever been held

:05:57.:06:00.

accountable for that massacre. Central Asia has played an important

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role strategically in the region and of course, as well, it is a country

:06:04.:06:07.

that borders Afghanistan and critically important is the issue of

:06:08.:06:13.

extract -- Islamic extremism. Islam Karimov had always said that he

:06:14.:06:18.

stood for preventing chaos and maintaining order so they always saw

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himself as a force against Islamic extremism but his critics have said

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that it's an excuse to silence us all opponents within Uzbekistan.

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Thank you very much for that report, Sarah.

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Lauren Goodrich is a senior Eurasia analyst with Stratfor -

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a geo-political and intelligence firm based in Texas.

:06:36.:06:37.

She says the president's death is very significant.

:06:38.:06:39.

I mean, he has been in charge for so long, he's been the symbol

:06:40.:06:45.

However, any successor is going to have to continue

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on with his policies, understanding the precarious

:06:49.:06:51.

It is a highly divided country among the clans that consider each

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It also is surrounded along its border lands

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Particularly on the Kyrgyz and Tajik borders and the Afghan borders,

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so whoever succeeds him is going to have to continue

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on the policy of keeping the country fairly locked down

:07:13.:07:14.

So the leader may change but such a tightly

:07:15.:07:22.

Uzbekistan is one of the most powerful countries in Central Asia

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but it is also one of the most fragile in the region

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and so the next leader is going to have to understand

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that he has to be a very strong leader, like Karimov,

:07:38.:07:39.

and fill the role in a very strong and heavy-handed and

:07:40.:07:42.

In order to keep stability, he has to rein in the clans,

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he has to think about Islamic extremism coming across the border,

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he also has to think about the instability of the land

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disputes along the Kyrgyz and Tajik borders that continually

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So there is so much instability and fragility among Uzbekistan

:07:57.:08:05.

so whatever leader takes the place will continue on Karimov's rule.

:08:06.:08:09.

What does this mean for Uzbekistan's relations with the wider world?

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Say ten years or so ago, a lot of eyebrows were raised

:08:15.:08:18.

at such a brutal regime being a strategic ally of the West,

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Uzbekistan, because it is so fragile, has really turned

:08:21.:08:26.

It isn't going to be aligned with the West and it is not

:08:27.:08:32.

going to be aligned with Russia because it doesn't want to be a pawn

:08:33.:08:36.

within that struggle of the West and Russia, as we have seen other

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countries like, say, Kyrgyzstan next door,

:08:40.:08:42.

in which Kyrgyzstan was aligned with one and the other and,

:08:43.:08:45.

because of that, a lot of instability was bred

:08:46.:08:48.

because of Russian and Western actions inside the country.

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So Uzbekistan instead has pulled out of pretty much all of its alliance

:08:52.:08:56.

network in order to remain neutral and just focus on itself.

:08:57.:09:12.

The electronics giant Samsung is recalling millions of its latest

:09:13.:09:16.

top-of-the-range smartphone, after reports that a small number

:09:17.:09:18.

2.5 million Galaxy Note 7s have been sold worldwide just a fortnight

:09:19.:09:22.

The flagship product was due to be rolled out in the UK today.

:09:23.:09:26.

Our correspondent Rory Cellan-Jones is at a technology show in Berlin,

:09:27.:09:29.

At Europe's biggest technology show, it's Korea's Samsung

:09:30.:09:33.

And its star product this year is the Galaxy Note 7.

:09:34.:09:37.

This super size smartphone has won rave reviews in the US

:09:38.:09:40.

and Asia and was due to go on sale in the UK today.

:09:41.:09:44.

This American man posted a video on YouTube claiming his Galaxy Note

:09:45.:09:50.

Similar reports arrived from around the world.

:09:51.:09:58.

Be careful out there, everyone rocking the new Note 7.

:09:59.:10:01.

Samsung held a press conference to announce a radical move.

:10:02.:10:05.

The company was halting sales and recalling the Note 7.

:10:06.:10:11.

A battery issue was behind the Note fires, although just 35 out

:10:12.:10:14.

of 2.5 million customers had reported problems.

:10:15.:10:18.

35 is a big number and I think Samsung is doing the right thing

:10:19.:10:22.

in siding on caution and taking the device off the market,

:10:23.:10:25.

figuring out why there is an issue with the cells in the battery,

:10:26.:10:28.

This news could hardly come at a worse time for Samsung.

:10:29.:10:34.

Not only does it overshadow the launch of the Note

:10:35.:10:36.

7 and the many other products on display here,

:10:37.:10:38.

but it comes just a week before its deadly rival

:10:39.:10:41.

At an event in California next week, Apple is expected

:10:42.:10:48.

Its sales have disappointed lately, allowing Samsung to pull ahead

:10:49.:10:52.

But will such bad publicity affect the way the Samsung brand is seen?

:10:53.:11:00.

We asked some phone owners in Leicester.

:11:01.:11:05.

You don't know if it could happen again, or any other phone.

:11:06.:11:07.

I am not opposed to Samsung products.

:11:08.:11:12.

I think they make good TVs and even good cellphones, until I read

:11:13.:11:15.

But I think that would put me off purchasing it, for sure.

:11:16.:11:19.

It probably wouldn't put me off, and the reason being that large

:11:20.:11:22.

In Berlin today, Samsung continued to show off the capabilities

:11:23.:11:27.

of the Note 7, which even works underwater.

:11:28.:11:30.

But customers will now need reassurance that they won't need

:11:31.:11:34.

to take drastic action with a phone that catches fire.

:11:35.:11:36.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:11:37.:11:44.

A large explosion in the southern Philippines has killed at least

:11:45.:11:52.

12 people and injured several dozen more.

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The blast took place in a busy night market in Davao, the hometown

:11:54.:11:56.

of the Philippine President, Rodrigo Duterte.

:11:57.:11:58.

Pictures from the scene appear to show a street

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littered with broken glass and overturned restaurant chairs.

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The cause of the explosion has not yet been identified.

:12:03.:12:04.

A suicide bomber has attacked a court in northern Pakistan,

:12:05.:12:07.

Police said the attacker threw a hand grenade before running

:12:08.:12:10.

into the court area in the city of Mardan and detonating a bomb.

:12:11.:12:14.

A faction of the Pakistani Taliban, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, said it carried

:12:15.:12:16.

The UN Security Council has called for calm in Gabon,

:12:17.:12:22.

where violence has erupted following Saturday's disputed

:12:23.:12:24.

Two more people have died in clashes overnight,

:12:25.:12:31.

bringing the total number killed to five since President Ali Bongo

:12:32.:12:34.

Supporters of his main rival, Jean Ping, have accused Mr Bongo

:12:35.:12:38.

Millions of workers across India have gone on strike against

:12:39.:12:42.

The industrial action disrupted transport services, banks,

:12:43.:12:45.

Trade unions backed by opposition parties say a government decision

:12:46.:12:50.

to raise the minimum wage for unskilled workers does not go

:12:51.:12:52.

far enough and there is no social security for millions

:12:53.:12:55.

For the first time in more than a decade, Florida is in a state

:12:56.:13:05.

The storm system, called Hermine, hit the coast just before 6am GMT,

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that's two in the morning local time, east of Tallahassee.

:13:13.:13:25.

There's been widespread flooding and tens of thousands of homes

:13:26.:13:27.

As the hurricane moved inland, it's been downgraded to a tropical

:13:28.:13:31.

storm but its heavy rains and high-speed winds

:13:32.:13:33.

have already left tens of thousands without power.

:13:34.:13:35.

Our correspondent, Amy Cole, has this report.

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Hurricane Hermine slams Florida overnight, the first to hit

:13:37.:13:40.

They have not had a battering like this for 11 years.

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Although Hurricane Hermine has been downgraded to a tropical storm

:13:46.:13:47.

by the US National Weather Centre, the impact it has had in northern

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As this satellite image shows, you can see the storm barrelling

:13:51.:13:55.

towards Florida, rapid and unforgiving.

:13:56.:14:04.

There is widespread flooding after 30 millimetres of rain fell

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and winds were gusting at 80 miles an hour.

:14:09.:14:14.

Hours before it hit, the governor Rick Scott had warned

:14:15.:14:16.

Just remember this, we cannot rescue you in the middle of a storm.

:14:17.:14:23.

You are responsible as we go through this storm.

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We will do everything we can to help you prepare.

:14:26.:14:27.

We are going to see a big storm surge, a lot of rain,

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There is going to be a lot of risk if we don't do our job.

:14:36.:14:42.

I have shutters on the front, south and the east sides.

:14:43.:14:48.

Down here, checking the lines and making sure

:14:49.:14:50.

In what is called the Big Bend Region, there are 150,000

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homes without power, schools are closed and people have

:14:59.:15:01.

been urged to move to higher ground because of flooding.

:15:02.:15:05.

As it moves over Georgia, to South Carolina and North Carolina,

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the torrential rain is the real story, the risk of flooding,

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there could be at much as 300 millimetres of rain,

:15:13.:15:14.

There could be tornadoes, they could be a cause

:15:15.:15:21.

It may well be hurricane season in Florida, and people may

:15:22.:15:26.

have been expecting it, but the reality is the time

:15:27.:15:29.

and the money it will cost to put things right again.

:15:30.:15:32.

The World Health Organisation says there's no evidence that anyone

:15:33.:15:39.

attending the Olympics caught the Zika virus.

:15:40.:15:41.

But a new study into the spread of the virus says that more

:15:42.:15:44.

than 2.5 billion people around the world live in areas that may be

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The study arrives at that dramatic figure by looking at the numbers

:15:49.:15:54.

of people who travel from Zika-affected areas over

:15:55.:15:57.

The presence of mosquitoes that can pass on the virus...

:15:58.:16:02.

And the health resources available in the countries that travellers

:16:03.:16:05.

The study published in the Lancet medical journal says people

:16:06.:16:10.

in countries like India, Pakistan, Indonesia and Nigeria could be

:16:11.:16:12.

particularly vulnerable to an outbreak.

:16:13.:16:18.

Joining us now from Toronto is Isaac Bogoch, who was lead

:16:19.:16:21.

He's also a tropical infectious diseases consultant.

:16:22.:16:29.

Thank you for talking to us. Tell us how you went about measuring really

:16:30.:16:36.

think the potential Zika virus could spread. We looked at many factors.

:16:37.:16:42.

One of them was travel patterns from Zika virus affected areas in Latin

:16:43.:16:47.

America, equivalent to parts of Africa and the Asia-Pacific region.

:16:48.:16:53.

We looked at monthly climate data and temperature data and the

:16:54.:16:55.

presence of the appropriate mosquitoes and what we found was

:16:56.:17:01.

that areas at risk of the Zika virus that had the appropriate mosquitoes

:17:02.:17:05.

and climate and high degrees of travel that coincided at the same

:17:06.:17:11.

time, we could make up maps that showed areas suitable for the Zika

:17:12.:17:15.

virus, not just the introduction of it, but subsequent transmission of

:17:16.:17:19.

the virus. The figure of 2.5 billion people

:17:20.:17:25.

potentially being in vulnerable areas for the Zika virus is

:17:26.:17:30.

terrifying, a dramatic figure. How worrying did you find it? Do you

:17:31.:17:33.

think that you might have overestimated it? That is more of a

:17:34.:17:39.

conservative number. The key thing here is that that is just the number

:17:40.:17:42.

of people living in areas that certainly at risk for the Zika virus

:17:43.:17:46.

transmission. That means is that we know that there are areas of high

:17:47.:17:53.

risk compared other areas and that can about countries, people living

:17:54.:17:56.

in those regions to really mount a public health response. So,

:17:57.:18:00.

basically, what can happen is that every country knows that they will

:18:01.:18:03.

be vulnerable at a certain time, they might have limited resources,

:18:04.:18:08.

but you can usher in some of those limited resources towards

:18:09.:18:14.

surveillance or Mr control efforts when you know that you are at an

:18:15.:18:19.

increased risk of having this virus introduced and vocally transmitted.

:18:20.:18:21.

Sorry to interrupt, you mention that many countries you have looked at

:18:22.:18:25.

have limited resources, how confident are you that they would be

:18:26.:18:29.

capable to protect themselves to this threat? Absolutely, that is one

:18:30.:18:34.

of the key messages of our paper is that a lot of the countries that are

:18:35.:18:37.

at risk are low income countries and will have limited resources to mount

:18:38.:18:41.

such a response. What we need is a global effort. We are all in this

:18:42.:18:45.

together and we need a coordinated and global response to this. For

:18:46.:19:02.

example, parts of India, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Nigeria, very populous

:19:03.:19:05.

countries, they will often have limited resources in many regions of

:19:06.:19:08.

those countries and they could be at risk of introduction and

:19:09.:19:10.

transmission of the Zika virus. A coordinated global public health

:19:11.:19:11.

response would certainly be helpful for to detect and secondly manage...

:19:12.:19:15.

If they can manage these cases is the virus is introduced and

:19:16.:19:18.

transmitted. Isaac Bogoch, thank you very much for joining us from

:19:19.:19:22.

Toronto. One of the big researchers in that study. Thank you.

:19:23.:19:30.

A student at a top US university - whose six-month jail sentence

:19:31.:19:33.

for sexually assaulting an unconscious woman last

:19:34.:19:34.

year caused an outcry - has been released from prison.

:19:35.:19:37.

Brock Turner, 21, who was a swimming champion,

:19:38.:19:39.

assaulted the woman outside a Stanford University

:19:40.:19:40.

He was freed from the Santa Clara County Main Jail

:19:41.:19:44.

in San Jose, California, after serving three months.

:19:45.:19:46.

Under the terms of his release, Turner will be registered as a sex

:19:47.:19:49.

Melania Trump - the wife of the Republican presidential

:19:50.:19:54.

candidate Donald Trump - is suing the Daily Mail Online

:19:55.:19:57.

for libel, saying the newspaper alleged that she was an escort

:19:58.:19:59.

Her lawyer says the claims are 100% false.

:20:00.:20:02.

The Mail Online has published a statement in which it

:20:03.:20:05.

retracted any suggestion that the allegations were true.

:20:06.:20:07.

Melania Trump, the wife of Donald Trump has,

:20:08.:20:19.

like most other prospective First Ladies, faced a good

:20:20.:20:21.

There was that speech to the Republican convention

:20:22.:20:26.

which bore more than a few similarities to one

:20:27.:20:29.

You work hard for what you want hard in life.

:20:30.:20:37.

In the Daily Mail today, there was a retraction of another

:20:38.:20:40.

story which had asked questions about her immigration status

:20:41.:20:42.

Given Mr Trump's position on immigration, it was a highly

:20:43.:20:49.

They also looked at allegations that she had worked as an escort.

:20:50.:20:55.

Today, in a statement, the Daily Mail said this...

:20:56.:21:04.

His lawyer is the man who recently represented the wrestler Hulk Hogan

:21:05.:21:07.

Charles Harder, here on the right, said the accusations were 100% false

:21:08.:21:15.

It is not just the Daily Mail, another blogger has been cited

:21:16.:21:21.

in court papers with a warning to other media outlets.

:21:22.:21:25.

Of course, it is not the first time Donald Trump has taken

:21:26.:21:28.

issue with the press, banning some papers from his rallies

:21:29.:21:30.

His stance on immigration is a central pillar of his campaign.

:21:31.:21:37.

He also needs to enthuse conservative America.

:21:38.:21:40.

Melania Trump's reputation is an important electoral asset.

:21:41.:21:42.

The French Interior Minister says the camp known

:21:43.:21:54.

as the Jungle in Calais - home to thousands of migrants -

:21:55.:21:57.

Bernard Cazeneuve said accommodation would be created elsewhere

:21:58.:22:00.

in France to - as he put it - "unblock Calais".

:22:01.:22:02.

Local residents have told the BBC that migrants have become more

:22:03.:22:05.

violent and desperate, with large gangs of

:22:06.:22:07.

young men increasingly congregating in the town.

:22:08.:22:09.

The French police union says reports of robberies,

:22:10.:22:11.

vandalism and assaults have spiked over the summer period.

:22:12.:22:15.

People at the Jungle camp are trying to make their way to the UK.

:22:16.:22:18.

Our Europe reporter Gavin Lee has more from Calais.

:22:19.:22:23.

Rodin's homage to the French citizens forced to surrender

:22:24.:22:33.

and hand over the keys to the city during the 100 Years War.

:22:34.:22:36.

Seven centuries on and many of the residents say

:22:37.:22:38.

One fifth of the population is now migrants.

:22:39.:22:41.

They are more visible in a city they are not welcome

:22:42.:22:44.

This local family told the BBC it is now much worse.

:22:45.:23:06.

TRANSLATION: I am scared for my kids.

:23:07.:23:08.

She's 14 and migrants are always in front of the school.

:23:09.:23:12.

When I go to work at six in the morning I have

:23:13.:23:16.

TRANSLATION: At night sometimes it is really risky

:23:17.:23:19.

and dangerous when you come across a group of them.

:23:20.:23:21.

You have a 50% chance you will be harassed.

:23:22.:23:23.

It is sad, but I have to say not all, but a majority of migrants

:23:24.:23:27.

They have now more than ever nothing to lose.

:23:28.:23:30.

In a nearby park, within minutes of filming, a group of young migrant

:23:31.:23:33.

men spot the camera and start throwing stones and abuse

:23:34.:23:35.

Calais is roughly three miles from the so-called Jungle camp.

:23:36.:23:39.

Police have spent the last year dismantling and removing people

:23:40.:23:42.

from encampments and squats all around the city to put

:23:43.:23:44.

the migrants in one place away from here.

:23:45.:23:46.

But because of the record number, the police union says

:23:47.:23:48.

The perimeter of the camp is now half the size it was six months ago,

:23:49.:23:53.

keeping tents away from the road, but at the same time,

:23:54.:23:58.

aid workers say the population has doubled to 9,100 in six months,

:23:59.:24:00.

and they say that is why tensions are so high.

:24:01.:24:04.

That is why we think there is more and more violence.

:24:05.:24:10.

There is no other option for those people.

:24:11.:24:16.

Port officials say one in ten of the migrants who stowed

:24:17.:24:19.

away in vehicles heading across the Channel managed

:24:20.:24:21.

And as the nights get longer, there will be even more

:24:22.:24:25.

As you know, five years of civil war have torn Syria apart -

:24:26.:24:42.

we see many images of destruction and desperation.

:24:43.:24:44.

So this new promotional video from the Syrian Tourism Ministry may

:24:45.:24:46.

come as something of a surprise - take a look at

:24:47.:24:49.

Extraordinary, that is the official national video for the Syria tourism

:24:50.:25:23.

board. After hours of speculation,

:25:24.:25:28.

Uzbekistan state television has confirmed that President

:25:29.:25:32.

Islam Karimov has died. The authoritarian leader has ruled

:25:33.:25:33.

the country for more President Putin has

:25:34.:25:36.

offered his condolences. And Smartphone giant Samsung has

:25:37.:25:41.

recalled its flagship Galaxy Note 7 model following reports

:25:42.:25:43.

of exploding batteries. It's also suspended

:25:44.:25:45.

sales of the phone. If you want to get in touch with us

:25:46.:25:53.

here at BBC World News,

:25:54.:25:58.

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