05/09/2016 World News Today


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Welcome to BBC World News Today, I'm Karin Giannone.


The British Prime Minister says no to an Australian-style


As British politicians return to parliament 10 weeks


after the vote that caused a summer of disarray,


there's still no clear detail about what the Brexit deal


No attempt to frustrate, delay or thwart the will of the British


people. No attempt to engineer a second referendum because some


people didn't like the first answer. It's a wrap at the G20,


fighting protectionism and pumping fresh life into the world economy


the main agreements to come out Also coming up: Returning


from the G20 to election defeat. Angela Merkel takes responsibility


as her CDU party is beaten And preserving the history frozen


inside Alpine glaciers - the scientists who are taking


samples to store for future study. The desire to reduce immigration


was a key driving force behind Britain voting to leave


the European Union. But two and half months


on from the vote, it's still unclear how that objective


is going to be achieved. We do know what the Government


won't be doing, however. At the G20 summit,


the Prime Minister, Theresa May, ruled out adopting


an Australian-style points-based She said it would be difficult


to manage and wouldn't be That's caused some disquiet among


Leave campaigners who championed this method under the slogan


"Take back control". There's also been disagreement


within the Cabinet over the fine details of Britain's


Brexit strategy. But David Davis, the minister


in charge of the process, insisted in parliament


that there was no attempt They arrived back from their summer


break by car, with bags, on foot. The recently sacked


and the freshly promoted. Are we going to get more details


today about what Brexit will really I'm sure you'll hear


a great deal of interest. That's Liam Fox, the new Secretary


of State for International Trade, heading to the Commons


to hear a statement MPs were not expecting it


to be a very long one. Secretary of State for Exiting


the European Union. David Davis set out


what would not happen. There will be no attempt to stay


in the EU by the back door, frustrate or thwart the will


of the British people, no attempt to engineer a second


referendum because some people


didn't like the first answer. Mr Davis said the Government


would build a consensus We will decide on our borders,


our laws and the taxpayers' money. It means getting the best deal


for Britain, and not


an off-the-shelf solution. But MPs on the opposite side


of the Commons asked... You've had all summer,


Secretary of State. It has to be said, it is a mark


of an irresponsible government, just as it was a mark


of an irresponsible Leave campaign, that we know nothing


more about the phrase from a government that just


continues to make it up And a leading Tory campaigner


for Brexit wanted some guarantees. ..That this United Kingdom


will take control of its borders and the laws that


are relevant to that and that is not


negotiable for any other deal. But at the moment, all the


Government has is vague rhetoric. The details about exactly


when divorce talks and what a new relationship


will look like - that could take months, even years,


to become clear. As MPs argued, a demand outside


Parliament for the start For the millions who voted


for Brexit, impatience with the pace


of leaving might grow. Ben Wright, BBC News,


Westminster. With me is Richard Cockett, who is


British business editor for the Economist magazine. Isn't this


Australian immigration system what the British voted for when they


wanted to leave the European Union? Well, some of the Brexiteer


politicians argued for an Australian style points system, and you could


argue that since the vote went their way, we should get it. But it is


plain to many who have looked at this that this is only one option.


Strangely enough, they have met more people into Australia per head of


population than with any other system. So as a device to stop


immigration, a points-based system doesn't serve their purpose. Is


there another system that could keep everybody happy? It is interesting


that you ask that. That is what we are all asking. Having rejected the


points based system today, the government is not offering another


option at the moment. Of course, there are other options. One of them


might be to go back to a much more visa based system, where we have


categories of entrance of immigrants to apply for four people from the


EU. That was the system we had before Romania and Bulgaria etc


joined the EU. We might go back to that, but so far, we don't know what


the government alternative is. You don't think the government is


softening and may end up trying to push forward some remainder of free


movement? They may because even some of the Brexiteers are trying to have


their cake and eat it. They are saying, we want to stay in the EU


single market, but we don't want to be bound by the free movement of


labour. This has been an issue all the way along. So if they can get


some fudge whereby they get most of the continued access to the single


market, and also maybe have to let in some uses dozens a bit more than


they would like, they may take that. That will be unpalatable for many.


It will be unpalatable for some who voted to leave the EU. 17 million


people voted to leave. But not all of those people wanted complete


restrictions on immigration. Some people accept that in the real


world, these fudges are important. Let's touch on where we are, ten


weeks on. I surprised that the lack of detail, or did you expect


something like this after the frenetic June and July that we saw,


and now we have pause for thought, with detail at some point in the


future? I think everyone is surprised that we have had no detail


at all. The Government still seems to have no idea about how move


forward even in the broadest sense. All that is happening now is that


Theresa May is gradually ruling out lots of things, but we still have


little idea about how to move forward. The minister for leaving


today called for a national consensus on this, which is all very


well, but the implication of that is that we just want more debate and


more ideas until they come up with some concrete proposals. We will


have to leave that for another time. Thank you.


And you can get much more analysis on Britain's vote


to leave the European Union by visiting our website.


You can find out how the vote is affecting other countries


and what impacts it's having on everything from jobs


and the economy to fishing and the property market.


You can also download the BBC News app.


As we've heard, one of the main concerns of British voters which led


And many people try to reach the UK via the French port of Calais,


often staying in the makeshift refugee camp known as The Jungle


as they try to cross the English Channel.


Today, there have been protests and blockades by people who live


in Calais and want the French government to close the camp.


Our correspondent Lucy Williamson spent the day there.


Drive too slowly after midnight here, and you're an open target.


Today, it was tractor pace


on Calais's most notorious stretch of road,


a go-slow protest by lorry drivers


waging a nightly battle with migrant gangs.


Joining them, several hundred residents living and working


This is a coalition of grievances against the migrants.


There are lorry drivers here, local farmers,


And despite the recent security measures and government assurances,


they say the migrants are waging a guerrilla war,


They protest because it's getting worse and worse.


Every night, or nearly every night on the motorway,


there are some traffic jams etc because of some smugglers who have


got their business in Calais, and they want to make business


One attack filmed by the BBC last month shows the road blocked by logs


and people smugglers threatening drivers as they direct


Local wine merchant Jerome says British customers have shrunk


to a trickle, because many are now too scared to stop in Calais.


and the first step is to solve the problem in Calais,


to distribute all the migrants maybe all over France or all over


and being more strict in the fact that they can't stay in Calais.


France's interior minister has said the Jungle camp will be clear,


but Calais's migrants have been dispersed before,


And however the obstacles change, the lure of crossing


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


A state prosecutor in France is recommending that former


president Nicolas Sarkozy stand trial over allegations


that he illegally funded his unsuccessful 2012 campaign.


An investigating magistrate will now decide whether to order a trial.


The development comes just two weeks after Sarkozy launched


At least a thousand people have been evacuated as a forest fire fuelled


by strong winds and high temperatures threatened


popular resort areas on the Spanish coast.


Firefighters, supported by water-dropping aircraft,


are struggling to control the blaze near Benidorm.


The authorities believe the fire was deliberately started.


Remember Europe's missing robot lander that disappeared


Now the robot called Philae has been spotted wedged into a crack


on the surface of a comet known as 67P.


The photographs were taken by the Rosetta probe,


The G20 forum of the world's major economies has agreed to fight


protectionism and try to pump fresh life into the world economy.


Speaking at the close of the summit in Hangzhou,


its host, China's president, Xi Jinping, said member


countries had agreed to encourage global trade.


The one notable success was the agreement between China


and US to curb carbon emissions, as John Sudworth reports.


Not a talking shop, but a triumph of international diplomacy.


At least, that's how it's always spun.


even more so at the end of this particular G20 summit,


perhaps, with the host, China, keen to use it


to show it's both a rising and a responsible power.


In his closing press statement, President Xi Jinping spoke


on financial governance and international trade.


TRANSLATION: Amid great global challenges and uncertainty,


this summit attracted much international attention.


With joint efforts, we have achieved fruitful outcomes.


As always, though, behind the carefully choreographed picture


of cooperation, there are plenty of challenges lurking offset.


President Xi met the British Prime Minister, Theresa May,


with the deep uncertainty over the effects of the UK's decision


to leave the European Union casting a shadow over proceedings.


Mr Xi also held a rare meeting with the Japanese Prime Minister,


expected to touch on the thorny issue


And the US and Russia had sideline meetings


about the war in Syria, without, apparently,


much progress on a way forward to stem the violence.


If you want a symbol of the tension and mistrust lurking below


the surface of this summit, you need look no further


than the bizarre protocol spat that's become a major talking point,


at least among the international journalists gathered here


It's not gone unnoticed that China rolled out the red carpet


for leader after leader, except for one notable exception.


It's being interpreted by some as a deliberate snub


to the Americans, although Chinese sources are briefing, plausibly,


perhaps, that it was down to miscommunication, not mischief.


for which this summit will be best remembered is the announcement


that they are ratifying the Paris climate agreement, bringing


the moment it comes into force that much closer, proof,


most would agree, that China's extravagant and tightly managed


summit has been about more than just hot air.


A new generation of pro-democracy activists has won seats


on Hong Kong's Legislative Council in an election with


The loose coalition of pro-democracy candidates have taken enough seats


to block any legislation which might affect Hong Kong's autonomy


Several of the young candidates were leaders during in the 2014


"umbrella" protests for self-determination.


It shows how Hong Kong people wanted a change.


Actually, we were stuck in a democratic movement and people


are voting for a new future of our democratic movement.


Well, I believe that every single person who voted


for me made that history, and I am willing to share


in the following four years and in the future.


Ohio is a state that has picked the winner in every US presidential


So it can be little surprise that both Hillary Clinton


and Donald Trump are there on the Labour Day public holiday -


We can show you live pictures from the Hillary Clinton campaign.


It is a day which is regarded as crucial to picking up


stretch of their campaigns for the White House.


Our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue is following it all from Washington.


How are things looking for each of the candidates? As you said, they


are spending the first blows of the autumn final push for the general


election in Ohio, a key state. It has the best record of predicting


the presidential outcome of any state. Something like 93% of the


time, it has got it right since 1900, so it has a good record. It is


a swing state, one of the key states that each side will want to grasp.


As we go into this final push before the election, Hillary Clinton will


feel that she is now the frontrunner. She is up in the


national polls, to the extent to which they are useful. She is up in


the polls in the swing states as well. She raised a lot of money. She


has also got a new plane, so she will be feeling good. Donald Trump,


however, will feel he has lament on some the issues. Clearly, things


like immigration have played well -- he will feel he has the momentum.


And he is the change candidate. He is the thing that is different, and


that goes a long way when it comes to elections like this. So there is


still a lot to play for 64 days out from polling day. After the


conventions, when the candidates were confirmed, we were told that


the Trump campaign would be changing course and he would be raining


himself in and sticking to script. Has anything happened to the way he


put himself forward? Well, we have seen a few more Teleprompter


speeches, scripted, policy driven speeches, but not really. We have


been promised a few resets. They have happen for a few days and then


Don has gone back to the Donald Trump that he believes is what got


him to where he is in this race. So there is clearly a tension, and that


continues within the Trump campaign. Thank you very much.


And there's plenty of background on the US presidential election


at bbc.com/us2016 or you can add it as a topic on the BBC News app,


which you can download from your app store now.


The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has accepted


responsibility for her party's defeat in the regional


Mrs Merkel's party finished third in the poll, with the anti-immigrant


AfD party overtaking it to second place.


Chancellor Merkel acknowledged that the outcome was linked


to her liberal immigration policies, as Germany accepted a record number


TRANSLATION: The result of the elections is connected


I am the head of the party and the Chancellor.


You cannot divide, so I am responsible.


But I think that our decisions were correct,


and we have to keep on working.


Thomas Kielinger is the long-time London correspondent


for the German newspaper Die Welt, and he joins me in the studio now.


How would you read this defeat in her home state into third place? How


significant is it? It is only a small state, but it is her home


state and to have been outperformed by the protest party, alternative


for Germany, is quite a shock. To be pushed into third place takes some


living down. It is a warning, a shot across the bow. We have national


elections in a year from now, and it adds to the uncertainty about the


fate of the current government and about Angela Merkel personally. We


heard Angela Merkel saying this was to do with her attitude June


refugees. Well, it is not rocket science to link this event to the


refugee policy. What is amazing is that this was the first time she


recognised that it may have something to do with her decision


last year to open the door to 1 million immigrants overnight. But


whether she will change course, I don't know. It is difficult to say


she should change course, because the people have already arrived. And


they are still arriving. Some are still arriving, and you are pushing


the problem to local level for the local councils to take care of it.


That is where the problem is brewing. I hope this will not turn


Germany into a xenophobic populace. But it takes some absorbing, such a


number of refugees suddenly arriving, when we are not


traditionally an immigrant country like written. So the challenges are


there, and she should be careful not to repeat her mantra, we can cope


with it. Has she said that recently? She said it in the run-up to the


election, amazingly, as a sign of defiance that she will not be moved


from her belief. But she may think twice before she uses it again. Do


we know about who is voting for the Alternative for Germany? Is it


former CDU supporters or new voters who have not voted before, or even


from other parties from the left? There are two strands in the protest


that you find. One is the immigration protest, coming from all


quarters, not just the right. It is a general concern and a genuine one.


But there is also an aversion towards the euro and policies from


the European Central Bank and Frankfurt, which is still in a phase


of easy money, making it easier for the southern countries. So there is


Euroscepticism. A huge amount of Euroscepticism. The AfD runs on two


platforms, Euroscepticism and anti-immigration. Angela Merkel has


got through her troubles before. For 11 years, but no one has got beyond


the ominous 12th year yet. So there is a question mark over her fate.


And there is a general perception of unease in Europe, which may help the


British position in negotiating with its European partners. We must leave


it there. Scientists working in


the French Alps have just completed the first phase of a mission


to extract ice from some of the world's most rapidly


shrinking glaciers. Temperatures in some parts


of the Alps have risen by 1.5 So scientists are drilling deep


into the ice near Europe's highest mountain, Mont Blanc,


to preserve samples so they can be studied for clues about the history


of the earth's climate, Approaching a very high


altitude laboratory. This team of scientists


is living and working on the glacier here in the Alps,


because climate change is heating and changing the ice


that they are camped on. So the team wants to rescue


the information locked deep Snowfalls will collect


all the impurities in the atmosphere and this will be deposited


on the glacier. So all this information


is stored in the glacier, So when you look through this book,


you can read all this information. Tiny air bubbles locked


inside the layers of this glacial ice are a record of our past


atmosphere and climate. That is an icicle now coming up


from about 30 metres depth. The team will cut it


and they will move it into this tent and then they will store it


in their ice cave, So precious are these samples


that the team have dug into the solid ice to build a store


room that will keep them cold. Six per box and then


they are ready to go? This is the beginning of a very long


journey for these ice cores. They will be stored here


in France for two years, but their ultimate destination


is the world's most reliable The idea of getting ice


from the Alps transported to Antarctica could sound very silly


to people, but it makes Our main will is to be able to store


these icicles for We put the icicles there,


they are in the safest position Many glaciers here in the Alps


and all over the world are changing, This ambitious archive aims


to preserve particles, bubbles, even bacteria


trapped in the deepest, oldest ice, allowing future


scientists to track our planet's past atmosphere and climate,


and help predict its future. Victoria Gill, BBC


News, the French Alps. But for now, from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye.


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