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Welcome to BBC World News Today, I'm Karin Giannone.
The British Prime Minister says no to an Australian-style
As British politicians return to parliament 10 weeks
after the vote that caused a summer of disarray,
there's still no clear detail about what the Brexit deal
No attempt to frustrate, delay or thwart the will of the British
people. No attempt to engineer a second referendum because some
people didn't like the first answer. It's a wrap at the G20,
fighting protectionism and pumping fresh life into the world economy
the main agreements to come out Also coming up: Returning
from the G20 to election defeat. Angela Merkel takes responsibility
as her CDU party is beaten And preserving the history frozen
inside Alpine glaciers - the scientists who are taking
samples to store for future study. The desire to reduce immigration
was a key driving force behind Britain voting to leave
the European Union. But two and half months
on from the vote, it's still unclear how that objective
is going to be achieved. We do know what the Government
won't be doing, however. At the G20 summit,
the Prime Minister, Theresa May, ruled out adopting
an Australian-style points-based She said it would be difficult
to manage and wouldn't be That's caused some disquiet among
Leave campaigners who championed this method under the slogan
"Take back control". There's also been disagreement
within the Cabinet over the fine details of Britain's
Brexit strategy. But David Davis, the minister
in charge of the process, insisted in parliament
that there was no attempt They arrived back from their summer
break by car, with bags, on foot. The recently sacked
and the freshly promoted. Are we going to get more details
today about what Brexit will really I'm sure you'll hear
a great deal of interest. That's Liam Fox, the new Secretary
of State for International Trade, heading to the Commons
to hear a statement MPs were not expecting it
to be a very long one. Secretary of State for Exiting
the European Union. David Davis set out
what would not happen. There will be no attempt to stay
in the EU by the back door, frustrate or thwart the will
of the British people, no attempt to engineer a second
referendum because some people
didn't like the first answer. Mr Davis said the Government
would build a consensus We will decide on our borders,
our laws and the taxpayers' money. It means getting the best deal
for Britain, and not
an off-the-shelf solution. But MPs on the opposite side
of the Commons asked... You've had all summer,
Secretary of State. It has to be said, it is a mark
of an irresponsible government, just as it was a mark
of an irresponsible Leave campaign, that we know nothing
more about the phrase from a government that just
continues to make it up And a leading Tory campaigner
for Brexit wanted some guarantees. ..That this United Kingdom
will take control of its borders and the laws that
are relevant to that and that is not
negotiable for any other deal. But at the moment, all the
Government has is vague rhetoric. The details about exactly
when divorce talks and what a new relationship
will look like - that could take months, even years,
to become clear. As MPs argued, a demand outside
Parliament for the start For the millions who voted
for Brexit, impatience with the pace
of leaving might grow. Ben Wright, BBC News,
Westminster. With me is Richard Cockett, who is
British business editor for the Economist magazine. Isn't this
Australian immigration system what the British voted for when they
wanted to leave the European Union? Well, some of the Brexiteer
politicians argued for an Australian style points system, and you could
argue that since the vote went their way, we should get it. But it is
plain to many who have looked at this that this is only one option.
Strangely enough, they have met more people into Australia per head of
population than with any other system. So as a device to stop
immigration, a points-based system doesn't serve their purpose. Is
there another system that could keep everybody happy? It is interesting
that you ask that. That is what we are all asking. Having rejected the
points based system today, the government is not offering another
option at the moment. Of course, there are other options. One of them
might be to go back to a much more visa based system, where we have
categories of entrance of immigrants to apply for four people from the
EU. That was the system we had before Romania and Bulgaria etc
joined the EU. We might go back to that, but so far, we don't know what
the government alternative is. You don't think the government is
softening and may end up trying to push forward some remainder of free
movement? They may because even some of the Brexiteers are trying to have
their cake and eat it. They are saying, we want to stay in the EU
single market, but we don't want to be bound by the free movement of
labour. This has been an issue all the way along. So if they can get
some fudge whereby they get most of the continued access to the single
market, and also maybe have to let in some uses dozens a bit more than
they would like, they may take that. That will be unpalatable for many.
It will be unpalatable for some who voted to leave the EU. 17 million
people voted to leave. But not all of those people wanted complete
restrictions on immigration. Some people accept that in the real
world, these fudges are important. Let's touch on where we are, ten
weeks on. I surprised that the lack of detail, or did you expect
something like this after the frenetic June and July that we saw,
and now we have pause for thought, with detail at some point in the
future? I think everyone is surprised that we have had no detail
at all. The Government still seems to have no idea about how move
forward even in the broadest sense. All that is happening now is that
Theresa May is gradually ruling out lots of things, but we still have
little idea about how to move forward. The minister for leaving
today called for a national consensus on this, which is all very
well, but the implication of that is that we just want more debate and
more ideas until they come up with some concrete proposals. We will
have to leave that for another time. Thank you.
And you can get much more analysis on Britain's vote
to leave the European Union by visiting our website.
You can find out how the vote is affecting other countries
and what impacts it's having on everything from jobs
and the economy to fishing and the property market.
You can also download the BBC News app.
As we've heard, one of the main concerns of British voters which led
And many people try to reach the UK via the French port of Calais,
often staying in the makeshift refugee camp known as The Jungle
as they try to cross the English Channel.
Today, there have been protests and blockades by people who live
in Calais and want the French government to close the camp.
Our correspondent Lucy Williamson spent the day there.
Drive too slowly after midnight here, and you're an open target.
Today, it was tractor pace
on Calais's most notorious stretch of road,
a go-slow protest by lorry drivers
waging a nightly battle with migrant gangs.
Joining them, several hundred residents living and working
This is a coalition of grievances against the migrants.
There are lorry drivers here, local farmers,
And despite the recent security measures and government assurances,
they say the migrants are waging a guerrilla war,
They protest because it's getting worse and worse.
Every night, or nearly every night on the motorway,
there are some traffic jams etc because of some smugglers who have
got their business in Calais, and they want to make business
One attack filmed by the BBC last month shows the road blocked by logs
and people smugglers threatening drivers as they direct
Local wine merchant Jerome says British customers have shrunk
to a trickle, because many are now too scared to stop in Calais.
and the first step is to solve the problem in Calais,
to distribute all the migrants maybe all over France or all over
and being more strict in the fact that they can't stay in Calais.
France's interior minister has said the Jungle camp will be clear,
but Calais's migrants have been dispersed before,
And however the obstacles change, the lure of crossing
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
A state prosecutor in France is recommending that former
president Nicolas Sarkozy stand trial over allegations
that he illegally funded his unsuccessful 2012 campaign.
An investigating magistrate will now decide whether to order a trial.
The development comes just two weeks after Sarkozy launched
At least a thousand people have been evacuated as a forest fire fuelled
by strong winds and high temperatures threatened
popular resort areas on the Spanish coast.
Firefighters, supported by water-dropping aircraft,
are struggling to control the blaze near Benidorm.
The authorities believe the fire was deliberately started.
Remember Europe's missing robot lander that disappeared
Now the robot called Philae has been spotted wedged into a crack
on the surface of a comet known as 67P.
The photographs were taken by the Rosetta probe,
The G20 forum of the world's major economies has agreed to fight
protectionism and try to pump fresh life into the world economy.
Speaking at the close of the summit in Hangzhou,
its host, China's president, Xi Jinping, said member
countries had agreed to encourage global trade.
The one notable success was the agreement between China
and US to curb carbon emissions, as John Sudworth reports.
Not a talking shop, but a triumph of international diplomacy.
At least, that's how it's always spun.
even more so at the end of this particular G20 summit,
perhaps, with the host, China, keen to use it
to show it's both a rising and a responsible power.
In his closing press statement, President Xi Jinping spoke
on financial governance and international trade.
TRANSLATION: Amid great global challenges and uncertainty,
this summit attracted much international attention.
With joint efforts, we have achieved fruitful outcomes.
As always, though, behind the carefully choreographed picture
of cooperation, there are plenty of challenges lurking offset.
President Xi met the British Prime Minister, Theresa May,
with the deep uncertainty over the effects of the UK's decision
to leave the European Union casting a shadow over proceedings.
Mr Xi also held a rare meeting with the Japanese Prime Minister,
expected to touch on the thorny issue
And the US and Russia had sideline meetings
about the war in Syria, without, apparently,
much progress on a way forward to stem the violence.
If you want a symbol of the tension and mistrust lurking below
the surface of this summit, you need look no further
than the bizarre protocol spat that's become a major talking point,
at least among the international journalists gathered here
It's not gone unnoticed that China rolled out the red carpet
for leader after leader, except for one notable exception.
It's being interpreted by some as a deliberate snub
to the Americans, although Chinese sources are briefing, plausibly,
perhaps, that it was down to miscommunication, not mischief.
for which this summit will be best remembered is the announcement
that they are ratifying the Paris climate agreement, bringing
the moment it comes into force that much closer, proof,
most would agree, that China's extravagant and tightly managed
summit has been about more than just hot air.
A new generation of pro-democracy activists has won seats
on Hong Kong's Legislative Council in an election with
The loose coalition of pro-democracy candidates have taken enough seats
to block any legislation which might affect Hong Kong's autonomy
Several of the young candidates were leaders during in the 2014
"umbrella" protests for self-determination.
It shows how Hong Kong people wanted a change.
Actually, we were stuck in a democratic movement and people
are voting for a new future of our democratic movement.
Well, I believe that every single person who voted
for me made that history, and I am willing to share
in the following four years and in the future.
Ohio is a state that has picked the winner in every US presidential
So it can be little surprise that both Hillary Clinton
and Donald Trump are there on the Labour Day public holiday -
We can show you live pictures from the Hillary Clinton campaign.
It is a day which is regarded as crucial to picking up
stretch of their campaigns for the White House.
Our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue is following it all from Washington.
How are things looking for each of the candidates? As you said, they
are spending the first blows of the autumn final push for the general
election in Ohio, a key state. It has the best record of predicting
the presidential outcome of any state. Something like 93% of the
time, it has got it right since 1900, so it has a good record. It is
a swing state, one of the key states that each side will want to grasp.
As we go into this final push before the election, Hillary Clinton will
feel that she is now the frontrunner. She is up in the
national polls, to the extent to which they are useful. She is up in
the polls in the swing states as well. She raised a lot of money. She
has also got a new plane, so she will be feeling good. Donald Trump,
however, will feel he has lament on some the issues. Clearly, things
like immigration have played well -- he will feel he has the momentum.
And he is the change candidate. He is the thing that is different, and
that goes a long way when it comes to elections like this. So there is
still a lot to play for 64 days out from polling day. After the
conventions, when the candidates were confirmed, we were told that
the Trump campaign would be changing course and he would be raining
himself in and sticking to script. Has anything happened to the way he
put himself forward? Well, we have seen a few more Teleprompter
speeches, scripted, policy driven speeches, but not really. We have
been promised a few resets. They have happen for a few days and then
Don has gone back to the Donald Trump that he believes is what got
him to where he is in this race. So there is clearly a tension, and that
continues within the Trump campaign. Thank you very much.
And there's plenty of background on the US presidential election
at bbc.com/us2016 or you can add it as a topic on the BBC News app,
which you can download from your app store now.
The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has accepted
responsibility for her party's defeat in the regional
Mrs Merkel's party finished third in the poll, with the anti-immigrant
AfD party overtaking it to second place.
Chancellor Merkel acknowledged that the outcome was linked
to her liberal immigration policies, as Germany accepted a record number
TRANSLATION: The result of the elections is connected
I am the head of the party and the Chancellor.
You cannot divide, so I am responsible.
But I think that our decisions were correct,
and we have to keep on working.
Thomas Kielinger is the long-time London correspondent
for the German newspaper Die Welt, and he joins me in the studio now.
How would you read this defeat in her home state into third place? How
significant is it? It is only a small state, but it is her home
state and to have been outperformed by the protest party, alternative
for Germany, is quite a shock. To be pushed into third place takes some
living down. It is a warning, a shot across the bow. We have national
elections in a year from now, and it adds to the uncertainty about the
fate of the current government and about Angela Merkel personally. We
heard Angela Merkel saying this was to do with her attitude June
refugees. Well, it is not rocket science to link this event to the
refugee policy. What is amazing is that this was the first time she
recognised that it may have something to do with her decision
last year to open the door to 1 million immigrants overnight. But
whether she will change course, I don't know. It is difficult to say
she should change course, because the people have already arrived. And
they are still arriving. Some are still arriving, and you are pushing
the problem to local level for the local councils to take care of it.
That is where the problem is brewing. I hope this will not turn
Germany into a xenophobic populace. But it takes some absorbing, such a
number of refugees suddenly arriving, when we are not
traditionally an immigrant country like written. So the challenges are
there, and she should be careful not to repeat her mantra, we can cope
with it. Has she said that recently? She said it in the run-up to the
election, amazingly, as a sign of defiance that she will not be moved
from her belief. But she may think twice before she uses it again. Do
we know about who is voting for the Alternative for Germany? Is it
former CDU supporters or new voters who have not voted before, or even
from other parties from the left? There are two strands in the protest
that you find. One is the immigration protest, coming from all
quarters, not just the right. It is a general concern and a genuine one.
But there is also an aversion towards the euro and policies from
the European Central Bank and Frankfurt, which is still in a phase
of easy money, making it easier for the southern countries. So there is
Euroscepticism. A huge amount of Euroscepticism. The AfD runs on two
platforms, Euroscepticism and anti-immigration. Angela Merkel has
got through her troubles before. For 11 years, but no one has got beyond
the ominous 12th year yet. So there is a question mark over her fate.
And there is a general perception of unease in Europe, which may help the
British position in negotiating with its European partners. We must leave
it there. Scientists working in
the French Alps have just completed the first phase of a mission
to extract ice from some of the world's most rapidly
shrinking glaciers. Temperatures in some parts
of the Alps have risen by 1.5 So scientists are drilling deep
into the ice near Europe's highest mountain, Mont Blanc,
to preserve samples so they can be studied for clues about the history
of the earth's climate, Approaching a very high
altitude laboratory. This team of scientists
is living and working on the glacier here in the Alps,
because climate change is heating and changing the ice
that they are camped on. So the team wants to rescue
the information locked deep Snowfalls will collect
all the impurities in the atmosphere and this will be deposited
on the glacier. So all this information
is stored in the glacier, So when you look through this book,
you can read all this information. Tiny air bubbles locked
inside the layers of this glacial ice are a record of our past
atmosphere and climate. That is an icicle now coming up
from about 30 metres depth. The team will cut it
and they will move it into this tent and then they will store it
in their ice cave, So precious are these samples
that the team have dug into the solid ice to build a store
room that will keep them cold. Six per box and then
they are ready to go? This is the beginning of a very long
journey for these ice cores. They will be stored here
in France for two years, but their ultimate destination
is the world's most reliable The idea of getting ice
from the Alps transported to Antarctica could sound very silly
to people, but it makes Our main will is to be able to store
these icicles for We put the icicles there,
they are in the safest position Many glaciers here in the Alps
and all over the world are changing, This ambitious archive aims
to preserve particles, bubbles, even bacteria
trapped in the deepest, oldest ice, allowing future
scientists to track our planet's past atmosphere and climate,
and help predict its future. Victoria Gill, BBC
News, the French Alps. But for now, from me and the rest
of the team, goodbye.