06/09/2016 World News Today


06/09/2016

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Paris will open its first refugee camp next month.

:00:16.:00:20.

It's a response to this - asylum seekers living

:00:21.:00:22.

400 men will get health checks and advice.

:00:23.:00:25.

TRANSLATION: We are taking action with a clear mind and without any

:00:26.:00:28.

naivete but we are acting with humanity and that is our job.

:00:29.:00:31.

Abstain from sex for half a year - official Zika advice to men

:00:32.:00:34.

and women returning from affected areas is toughened.

:00:35.:00:36.

Why does women's pay often lag behind men?

:00:37.:00:39.

A new study says it's not for lack of asking.

:00:40.:00:41.

Easy to construct but as strong as an Ox -

:00:42.:00:44.

the flat-pack truck that could transform lives

:00:45.:00:45.

It's a measure of how serious Europe's migration

:00:46.:01:11.

Paris is to open a reception centre for refugees and migrants,

:01:12.:01:18.

to cope with the dozens now arriving there every day.

:01:19.:01:22.

It will be based here in Northern Paris near the railway

:01:23.:01:25.

station and provide 400 men with health checks

:01:26.:01:27.

The mayor of Paris says she hopes to prevent migrants from camping

:01:28.:01:31.

in squalid places around the city and ease tensions in

:01:32.:01:33.

A camp for women and children will follow by the end of the year.

:01:34.:01:38.

It is at this disused railway yard in the north of the city

:01:39.:01:47.

that the main migrant centre will be set up.

:01:48.:01:49.

By the middle of next month, there will be

:01:50.:01:51.

Four beds per room, with electricity, Wi-Fi,

:01:52.:01:56.

Another smaller centre will take in families with children.

:01:57.:02:03.

For the city authorities, the centres are a moral imperative.

:02:04.:02:06.

It is impossible, they say, for things to go

:02:07.:02:09.

TRANSLATION: This centre for refugees is a first in Europe

:02:10.:02:19.

because we are in the heart of a dense city, the heart of Paris.

:02:20.:02:23.

The centre for refugees corresponds to our values.

:02:24.:02:28.

We are taking action with a clear mind and without any naivete

:02:29.:02:32.

but we are acting with humanity and that is our job.

:02:33.:02:39.

Humanity means putting an end to the makeshift encampments that

:02:40.:02:43.

keep springing up on the streets across Paris, upsetting for local

:02:44.:02:48.

people, unhealthy and squalid for the migrants.

:02:49.:02:54.

Many of them are shocked and disappointed at what awaits them

:02:55.:02:57.

I am feeling like animals, like that.

:02:58.:03:02.

When I came from Italy, in my mind, I think there is some camp and some

:03:03.:03:10.

A good place for sleeping and clean water, clean life like that,

:03:11.:03:19.

clean toilets, something like that, but there is nothing.

:03:20.:03:24.

In theory, migrants will spend only a few days at the new centres.

:03:25.:03:29.

They will be able to clean up, take stock and, if they want,

:03:30.:03:32.

A dignified welcome is all well and good but what if that acts

:03:33.:03:38.

as encouragement for more migrants who, in their turn,

:03:39.:03:40.

Leonard Doyle is from the International

:03:41.:03:47.

What do you think when you look at this new scheme in Paris? It is not

:03:48.:04:04.

perfect but it is an improvement because you have this issue of

:04:05.:04:09.

homeless migrants and refugees, would asylum seekers, living on the

:04:10.:04:14.

streets of Paris, many quite vulnerable, women, children, not a

:04:15.:04:19.

good situation. We are seeing an honest attempt by the authorities in

:04:20.:04:23.

Paris to get their hands around the situation and try to improve the

:04:24.:04:28.

situation of the migrants. Will this be the first of many? Will it be the

:04:29.:04:34.

first of many perhaps for many major European cities? You cannot have

:04:35.:04:41.

people living rough through winter. The French have taken this seriously

:04:42.:04:44.

and they want these people to be able to apply for asylum. Many of

:04:45.:04:50.

them are English speakers and want to go to the UK. For whatever

:04:51.:04:55.

reason, they think their future is in the UK. It is uncertain, the

:04:56.:05:01.

extent to which this will work out as is hoped. There was the question

:05:02.:05:08.

of encouragement, perhaps giving people motivation to travel to Paris

:05:09.:05:13.

and other cities by setting up camps where they have some sort of dignity

:05:14.:05:18.

rather than squalid camps. Not the most desperate people who are coming

:05:19.:05:21.

but those who perhaps have some kind of choice in the matter. You have

:05:22.:05:31.

9000 people living in Calais, hoping to get to the UK, and it is an

:05:32.:05:35.

extraordinarily well organised set up in terms of a huge amount of NGO

:05:36.:05:43.

aid and effort, but it is not solving the problem, which is people

:05:44.:05:49.

are disrupting French life. They want to process them for asylum, and

:05:50.:05:56.

many will be rejected in the long-term, deemed to be not from a

:05:57.:06:00.

refugee producing situation. It is a tricky issue, the French have been

:06:01.:06:05.

as welcoming as they can be, and there is a tricky political

:06:06.:06:11.

situation there as well, all the while respecting the rights of the

:06:12.:06:12.

migrants. From condoning the mass killing

:06:13.:06:13.

of suspected drug pushers to hurling an insult at the world's most

:06:14.:06:15.

powerful man, the new president of the Philippines is

:06:16.:06:19.

certainly having an impact. But now Rodrigo Duterte

:06:20.:06:21.

is having to make an apology, after his language led

:06:22.:06:24.

to the cancellation of his scheduled meeting with President Obama

:06:25.:06:27.

at the Asean summit in Laos. The Philippines President

:06:28.:06:29.

Rodrigo Duterte was due to make his international

:06:30.:06:40.

debut at Asean. It is his first foreign

:06:41.:06:44.

trip as a new leader. But the focus shifted to dampening

:06:45.:06:46.

down the controversy he created. President Duterte explained

:06:47.:06:51.

that the press reports that the President Obama

:06:52.:06:54.

would lecture him on extrajudicial killings led to his strong comments

:06:55.:06:57.

which in turn elicited concern. He regrets that his

:06:58.:07:04.

remarks to the press have The Philippines leader has

:07:05.:07:06.

made offensive comments He has insulted the US ambassador

:07:07.:07:12.

to his country, the Pope, He made the offensive remarks

:07:13.:07:17.

after being asked what he would do if Mr Obama raised the issue

:07:18.:07:25.

of extrajudicial killings with him. Do not just throwaway

:07:26.:07:28.

questions and statements. More than 2,000 people have died

:07:29.:07:42.

in raids in the Philippines He's been criticised

:07:43.:07:44.

for the "shoot first, But Mr Obama didn't appear to be

:07:45.:07:48.

bothered by the spat, not even publicly acknowledging it

:07:49.:07:53.

in his first formal Instead, he spoke of the US's

:07:54.:07:55.

long-term commitment to the region. The United States is more deeply

:07:56.:08:03.

engaged across the Asian Pacific Our position is stronger and we have

:08:04.:08:06.

sent a clear message that as a Pacific nation

:08:07.:08:11.

we are here to stay. In good times and bad,

:08:12.:08:15.

you can count on the Asean summits tend to be humdrum

:08:16.:08:17.

events, perfectly stage-managed But this year has been different,

:08:18.:08:23.

thanks to the debut of Mr Duterte. It has also possibly been a missed

:08:24.:08:29.

opportunity for the Philippines. The two countries had

:08:30.:08:32.

lots to talk about - Instead, Mr Duterte has spent

:08:33.:08:35.

the first day of the summit repairing the damage

:08:36.:08:42.

his comments created. Well, Rodrigo Duterte certainly

:08:43.:08:51.

isn't the first politician to cause a diplomatic row

:08:52.:08:53.

after hurling an insult. Here's a few more you

:08:54.:08:56.

may have forgotten. Back in 1999, the Syrian government

:08:57.:08:58.

triggered a huge row with Palestine, after describing its former leader

:08:59.:09:01.

Yasser Arafat as the "son It led to major protests in Gaza

:09:02.:09:04.

with thousands of Palestinians Former London Mayor and now UK

:09:05.:09:13.

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson raised eyebrows in 2007

:09:14.:09:16.

when he described Hillary Clinton's appearance as that

:09:17.:09:18.

of a "sadistic nurse". And who could forget this from UK

:09:19.:09:20.

politician Nigel Farage? You have the charisma of a damp rag

:09:21.:09:22.

and the appearance of a That was him describing European

:09:23.:09:25.

Council President Herman Van Rompuy It was one of many run-ins he had

:09:26.:09:36.

with the European Council. The World Health Organization has

:09:37.:09:45.

updated its advice to people who are returning from parts

:09:46.:09:47.

of the world affected Under the new guidance aimed

:09:48.:09:49.

at stopping the virus from spreading, individuals

:09:50.:09:52.

are advised to practise safe sex or even abstain from sex

:09:53.:09:55.

for six months if needed. This latest advice applies to both

:09:56.:09:57.

men and women. Previous advice was

:09:58.:09:59.

mainly directed at men. The guidance applies to individuals

:10:00.:10:01.

even if they are not displaying Zika-like symptoms,

:10:02.:10:03.

and even to people who -- even to couples who are not

:10:04.:10:05.

planning to start a family. The new advice comes amid mounting

:10:06.:10:21.

evidence that sexual transmission of the Zika virus is more common

:10:22.:10:24.

than previously thought. Let's speak to Isaac Bogoch,

:10:25.:10:26.

an infectious disease specialist He's recently been involved

:10:27.:10:28.

in new Zika research published Welcome back. What do you make of

:10:29.:10:36.

this new advice? What the World Health Organisation is doing is

:10:37.:10:42.

updating guidelines based on this evolving pattern of research which

:10:43.:10:47.

is emerging. We are learning more about the Zika virus every day and

:10:48.:10:52.

how it is transmitted and what the complications and there have been a

:10:53.:10:57.

few cases which have been transmitted or detected in the semen

:10:58.:11:02.

up to six months after infection so the WHO is taking a conservative

:11:03.:11:08.

stance and changing their guidelines to avoid sexual transmission of the

:11:09.:11:14.

virus between men and women. It seems that the sexual transmission

:11:15.:11:18.

risk is becoming a bigger factor in the warnings we are hearing. By far

:11:19.:11:25.

the primary means of transmission is from mosquitoes and the real war is

:11:26.:11:28.

come to be an avoiding mosquito bites and controlling mosquito

:11:29.:11:35.

populations. But as we know people have sex and lots of it and this can

:11:36.:11:39.

be a section which ends in to infection as well and the real

:11:40.:11:46.

concern is to ensure women who are pregnant or are considering becoming

:11:47.:11:51.

pregnant in the future do not become infected because this can have

:11:52.:11:54.

negative effects on the developing baby. These guidelines as a pretty

:11:55.:12:03.

wide net to protect women who may be pregnant or becoming pregnant soon

:12:04.:12:08.

from getting the infection and thus preventing abnormal side-effects in

:12:09.:12:13.

the developing child. So the reason people who are not considering

:12:14.:12:18.

starting a family are being told to abstain is just this wider net. Yes.

:12:19.:12:25.

They also say if people are not considering becoming pregnant, they

:12:26.:12:31.

might be in the next six months or so and we know that the virus can be

:12:32.:12:36.

transmitted six months after infection, as the case where it was

:12:37.:12:45.

transformed by one person who was well, did not feel unwell. People

:12:46.:12:55.

change their minds about becoming pregnant so really this is a

:12:56.:12:58.

protective mechanism to help avoid any complications in pregnancy. How

:12:59.:13:04.

close are we to some kind of effective treatment? Right now most

:13:05.:13:11.

of their efforts are focused on controlling the immediate threat,

:13:12.:13:17.

the mosquito population. Further ahead on the horizon are vaccines

:13:18.:13:25.

and there is a lot of effort, research and dollars going into

:13:26.:13:31.

developing a vaccine. There are these one human trials. Cautiously

:13:32.:13:38.

optimistic, maybe in 2018 something will be available, but there is a

:13:39.:13:44.

tonne of research on that front because it is a sustainable and

:13:45.:13:46.

scalable measure. Now a look at some of

:13:47.:13:48.

the day's other news. Police in Italy have arrested 21

:13:49.:13:50.

people across Europe on suspicion of smuggling refugees into Germany,

:13:51.:13:53.

Austria and France in They said the suspects charged more

:13:54.:13:55.

than $500 per passenger to ferry migrants north using a network

:13:56.:14:00.

of vehicles registered Following the strong showing

:14:01.:14:02.

for pro-democracy candidates in Hong Kong's regional elections,

:14:03.:14:09.

China has given a warning that anyone who promotes independence

:14:10.:14:12.

for the city could be punished. The fledgling pro-democracy movement

:14:13.:14:19.

won enough seats to be able to veto constitutional changes

:14:20.:14:21.

on Hong Kong's legislative council. One of Britain's most prominent

:14:22.:14:24.

Islamist preachers has been sentenced to five and a half years

:14:25.:14:26.

in prison for encouraging support Supporters of Anjem Choudary shouted

:14:27.:14:29.

Allahu Akbar, or God is great, The judge described him

:14:30.:14:37.

as "dangerous and calculating". A Frenchwoman who became the first

:14:38.:14:41.

person in the world to receive a face transplant that included

:14:42.:14:44.

the nose and mouth has died. A hospital in the northern French

:14:45.:14:49.

city of Amiens said Isabelle Dinoire Isabelle Dinoire underwent

:14:50.:14:52.

the pioneering 15-hour surgery in 2005, after she was

:14:53.:14:57.

attacked by her pet dog. Despite a growing HIV epidemic

:14:58.:15:05.

in Russia, groups working to prevent the spread of the virus

:15:06.:15:09.

are running into difficulties. So far, the government has

:15:10.:15:12.

classed four organisations as "foreign agents",

:15:13.:15:15.

a blacklisting for those who receive funding from abroad and are engaged

:15:16.:15:17.

in activity that's deemed Maxim Malyshev is an activist

:15:18.:15:19.

with the Rylkov Foundation and explains how the group's

:15:20.:15:25.

new status is affecting their work. The HIV workers blacklisted as

:15:26.:15:35.

'foreign agents' in Russia. The United States National Hurricane

:15:36.:17:39.

Center says Hurricane Newton has reached Mexico's west coast,

:17:40.:17:43.

near a popular tourist destination. The powerful storm made landfall

:17:44.:17:46.

before dawn at the southern tip The Center registered winds of 145

:17:47.:17:49.

kilometres an hour. Despite its intensity there were no

:17:50.:17:55.

immediate reports of major damage, although power cuts have been

:17:56.:18:00.

reported in some areas. Homeowners and businesses took

:18:01.:18:02.

precautions in advance with many people either

:18:03.:18:04.

leaving their properties Major highways are

:18:05.:18:05.

still operational. The hurricane is expected to lose

:18:06.:18:08.

strength over the next 24 hours. The theory that women get paid less

:18:09.:18:13.

than men because they are not sufficiently pushy in the workplace

:18:14.:18:16.

is not true. That's according to a report

:18:17.:18:18.

by Cass Business School and the universities

:18:19.:18:23.

of Warwick and Wisconsin. The study compared the details

:18:24.:18:25.

of 4,600 workers across more than 800 employers in Australia,

:18:26.:18:29.

which is thought to be the only country to systematically record

:18:30.:18:32.

whether employees had asked But they found men were 25% more

:18:33.:18:34.

likely to get a pay rise, when they compared like-for-like

:18:35.:18:41.

male and female workers. We managed to use data

:18:42.:18:48.

which we controlled So we controlled for age,

:18:49.:18:50.

whether they have children, whether they are married,

:18:51.:18:55.

the kind of work that they did, and so we had a like-for-like

:18:56.:18:58.

comparison, as you said, and that meant that, in a way,

:18:59.:19:02.

it's a first time we've been able to do this proper test

:19:03.:19:05.

so it was surprising. Another myth we have blown as well,

:19:06.:19:07.

that is that women don't ask because they are worried

:19:08.:19:11.

about upsetting their boss or But it was true that women

:19:12.:19:13.

were asking but not getting Joining me now from Washington

:19:14.:19:18.

is Ariane Hegewisch, a specialist in the gender wage gap

:19:19.:19:26.

from the Institute for So unless it is just Australian

:19:27.:19:40.

women being particularly confident in the workplace, what is going on?

:19:41.:19:45.

They are still asking for pay rises but men are getting more? This is

:19:46.:19:51.

such an interesting story and I which we -- I wish we had the same

:19:52.:19:58.

data in the US. We are focused on women being less likely to negotiate

:19:59.:20:05.

for wages. It is very welcome because a lot of women do not work

:20:06.:20:11.

in workplaces where you can negotiate in the first place, and

:20:12.:20:19.

negotiation is a very individualised approach. I am not sure what is

:20:20.:20:23.

going on in Australia or whether we would have the same results in the

:20:24.:20:28.

USA. I think it will be seen with a lot of interest here. One of the

:20:29.:20:32.

authors in the report says they have to accept they think it is some

:20:33.:20:36.

element of pure discrimination against women. I fully agree with

:20:37.:20:44.

that. We know that the wage cap is partly due to women and men doing

:20:45.:20:48.

different jobs but discrimination accounts for a big factor of what

:20:49.:20:56.

seems to be not moving and the wage cap in the United States has stayed

:20:57.:21:00.

more or less the same last 15 years even though women are more likely to

:21:01.:21:07.

move into more professional jobs and get higher educational attainment.

:21:08.:21:11.

We know from individual stories and from the statistics that there is

:21:12.:21:14.

some discrimination but we know surprisingly little of what happens

:21:15.:21:20.

in this wig box of companies when they negotiate and set pay. One

:21:21.:21:27.

thing that became clear in the report was a very interesting

:21:28.:21:33.

phenomenon with women under 40. There does not seem to be a

:21:34.:21:39.

discernible pay gap. This goes back for a long time, and also in

:21:40.:21:44.

Australia there is much more part-time work and there is here in

:21:45.:21:49.

the USA so you get more of a differentiation between people

:21:50.:21:55.

working full-time in the study and those who do not. We have always had

:21:56.:22:00.

the case that women start out with a lower wage cap and then it grows

:22:01.:22:08.

over time. Given that women are now more educated than men, younger

:22:09.:22:14.

women specifically, there should be earning more than men and they are

:22:15.:22:16.

not. He's the man who designed one

:22:17.:22:22.

of the world's most coveted super cars and now he's turned his hand

:22:23.:22:25.

to a vehicle designed to transform Gordon Murray, who built

:22:26.:22:28.

the McLaren F1, was asked to come up with a small truck that can be built

:22:29.:22:33.

from a flat-pack, is cheap, and easy to build, yet tough enough

:22:34.:22:36.

to cope with conditions across many It doesn't look like it could tackle

:22:37.:22:39.

some of the worst roads on Earth. On the surface, the Ox

:22:40.:22:48.

could be any other truck, This vehicle sort of doesn't make

:22:49.:22:51.

sense when you look at it. It's just an ordinary looking van,

:22:52.:23:03.

it's got these tiny, little wheels, it's two-wheel drive,

:23:04.:23:06.

and yet I'm driving it over what could easily be

:23:07.:23:10.

a dry riverbed in Africa, Frankly, it's doing it

:23:11.:23:14.

as well as a 4x4 would do it. In some ways, it is actually more

:23:15.:23:20.

comfortable. Believe it or not, the man

:23:21.:23:26.

who designed it also made this. The McLaren F1 is a supercar

:23:27.:23:30.

for the super-rich. Ox drivers have very

:23:31.:23:34.

different needs. When we studied the requirements,

:23:35.:23:38.

for where this vehicle was going to end up,

:23:39.:23:41.

there is a requirement ..loading livestock

:23:42.:23:43.

and barrels of fuel and water. You have designed what some people

:23:44.:23:53.

think is the best You had all those years

:23:54.:23:55.

in Formula 1. How does this rank, in terms of how

:23:56.:23:59.

hard it was to design, I know it's probably difficult

:24:00.:24:02.

to believe, but, for me, this ranks above everything else

:24:03.:24:06.

I've ever done. Designing expensive sports cars,

:24:07.:24:09.

that reaches a few people. This thing will help,

:24:10.:24:12.

if this goes into mass production, this will help thousands

:24:13.:24:15.

of people with mobility. Was it harder than

:24:16.:24:18.

designing the McLaren F1? I think in a way this is a much more

:24:19.:24:21.

difficult challenge than the F1 was. Crucially, it flat packs

:24:22.:24:25.

like furniture, so it's Three semiskilled people can

:24:26.:24:28.

build it in under 12 Every part is designed to be easy

:24:29.:24:33.

to fix, all essential requirements for the man who first dreamt

:24:34.:24:38.

up the plan. For the next step, he now

:24:39.:24:42.

hopes to make 1,000 Israeli archaeologists believe

:24:43.:24:47.

they've managed to reconstitute the patterns used in tiles that

:24:48.:24:55.

decorated the ancient Some 600 bits of stone flooring

:24:56.:24:58.

were unearthed from the site that Jews know as the Temple Mount,

:24:59.:25:09.

and Arabs call the Haram al-Shariff. The archaeologists say they have

:25:10.:25:14.

identified seven potential designs They believe the 2,000-year-old tile

:25:15.:25:18.

patterns, with their stars and squares and other shapes,

:25:19.:25:29.

would have adorned the Temple's courtyards

:25:30.:25:31.

in the days of King Herod. And the mayor of Paris says

:25:32.:25:33.

the first refugee camp in the French capital will be

:25:34.:25:37.

opened in mid-October. Anne Hidalgo said the centre,

:25:38.:25:39.

which will have an initial capacity It will followed by a second camp

:25:40.:25:42.

for women and children. The aim is for them to replace

:25:43.:25:46.

makeshift camps that have sprung up around the city,

:25:47.:25:49.

and will be housed in an old railway If you want to get in touch with us

:25:50.:25:52.

here at BBC World News,

:25:53.:25:58.

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