09/09/2016 World News Today


09/09/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

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The headlines: rare unity among world leaders in condemning

:00:09.:00:12.

North Korea's fifth and most powerful nuclear test to date.

:00:13.:00:17.

The country's leader is described as a reckless maniac by South Korea,

:00:18.:00:20.

while the UN chief urges the Security Council

:00:21.:00:22.

This is another brazen breach of the resolutions of the Security Council.

:00:23.:00:35.

The US Congress passes a law allowing families of 9/11 victims

:00:36.:00:40.

to sue the Saudi government for damages, despite

:00:41.:00:42.

At least four people are killed as a passenger train derails

:00:43.:00:48.

and hits a bridge in north-western Spain.

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And the groundbreaking surgery restoring sight where it

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World leaders have reacted with anger to North Korea's

:00:57.:01:18.

latest nuclear test - which created a blast so large

:01:19.:01:20.

it was initially thought to have been an earthquake.

:01:21.:01:23.

South Korea has accused North Korea's leader, Kim Jong-un,

:01:24.:01:27.

Even China, long an ally of the isolated communist nation,

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The North Korean newsreader says the nuclear test will protect

:01:32.:01:44.

main square they thought was record as from a script. In South Korea

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they monitored the tremors. Each test has been bigger than the one

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before. The device detonated this time was just short of the power of

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the Hiroshima bomb. Planes took off to gather a samples to try to

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determine what kind of device was exploded. Condemnation has been

:02:19.:02:27.

swift. We are trying to monitor to find out precisely what to place.

:02:28.:02:37.

The Security Council sent this message very strongly. The

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underground blast happened at this site in North Korea only nine months

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after the last remark last nuclear test. Yesterday in Pyongyang, the

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leaders collapsed in unison as they celebrated the founding of the

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country in 1945. For them the bomb is the icing on the cake. Here

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tonight in Seoul in South Korea, life goes on. The assumed Kim

:03:13.:03:23.

Jong-un bloodthirsty quest will not happen. Even though he claims it was

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a nuclear warhead smaller enough to go on a rocket. North Korea is just

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50 kilometres from here, 30 miles. It could be another world. They

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resume their are celebrating a great triumph tonight. Nobody knows what

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the people think but there is no sign of that regime being close to

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collapse. In recent months, North Korea has been launching missiles

:03:52.:03:56.

every ten days in defiance of the United Nations. North Korea does not

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have nuclear tipped missiles yet, but it is working steadily towards

:04:03.:04:03.

getting them. United Nations Secretary General Ban

:04:04.:04:07.

Ki-Moon has condemned North Korea's nuclear test and described

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it as a brazen breach of His statement comes shortly

:04:12.:04:13.

before the Security Council I would strongly appreciate

:04:14.:04:16.

the Security Council to unite The Security Council has met eight

:04:17.:04:25.

times this year only on DPRK issues. We are deeply concerned

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by continuing the act of provocation by the DPRK regimes,

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this time the fifth, I hope the United Nations security

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council will act in solidarity and unity for the international

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peace and security and give a strong Our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue

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is following it all from Washington We are getting lines through from

:05:00.:05:17.

the secretary of state saying the US are prepared to take any measures

:05:18.:05:22.

needed. What does that mean? I think that is a good question because beer

:05:23.:05:27.

in mind the UN Security Council has passed a bunch of sanctions against

:05:28.:05:35.

North Korea in the last ten years. Five sets of resolutions and

:05:36.:05:40.

sanctions and what has happened is North Korea's nuclear programme has

:05:41.:05:45.

accelerated. Two nuclear tests this year, a total of five. The testing

:05:46.:05:49.

of ballistic missile 's and the delivery mechanism potentially for

:05:50.:05:54.

those nuclear warheads. It is tricky. I think there will be

:05:55.:06:01.

pressure. The British ambassador to the UN talked about putting more

:06:02.:06:07.

people on the travel ban list and tightening sanctions and

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implementing sanctions. There is not a lot left. North Korea does export

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a lot of call, one of it's only exports. It exports them to China

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and there will be pressure on China to ensure the funds from that are

:06:22.:06:27.

not being used in the nuclear programme. The international

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community options are running out in diplomatic terms. Thank you very

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much indeed, Gary. Long-time Korea specialist

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and Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Leeds University,

:06:34.:06:34.

Aidan Foster-Carter, Thanks for joining us. Why do you

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think North Korea is pursuing this policy on nuclear testing? The South

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Korean president has attacked the leaders saying he is uncontrollable.

:06:54.:06:58.

Is that the correct analysis? Uncontrollable may well be true. The

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bit about being a maniac I would dispute. The north Koreans know

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exactly what they are doing and Kim Jong-un and under his grandfather

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and father, they played what the objective of the weak hand very

:07:16.:07:19.

well. What they are doing right now? The other posting themselves at

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home. He is still a young and new leader and untried. He is showing

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that he can do the stuff like his father died. He is taking advantage

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of the electoral window. There is a paralysis in the United States and

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nothing much will be done now until the next president, whoever it is.

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Donald Trump has said that he would talk to Kim Jong-un. South Rio has

:07:44.:07:51.

an election coming next year. I do the direct see this as defensive,

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the sort the fate of Iraq and they were put on the axis of evil and we

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want to make sure that'll never happen. What about the role of

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China? I think again it is naive that sometimes some people in

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Washington and the west expect China to do our bidding and see it our

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way. There is overlap with how China sees it and Western powers, but it

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is not identical. The strategic equation, is that there is something

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worse than this nasty and uncontrollable North Korea letting

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off bombs on their doorstep and that is in North Korea collapse. They

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would hit the process of that and we would hate the consequence, the

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German style unified Korea and that is worse, as seen from China. I do

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not see why some people in the west do not grasp that. China holds all

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the cards, if they enforce sanctions, they are in trouble.

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There was a row at the moment with South Korea about the missile

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defence system that the Chinese do not like. I think China will

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continue to have and, North Korea, I will continue to see it will get

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away with it. It is destabilising in the region but global array, how

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much of a threat is North Korea's -- globally. You have to rank your

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threats, don't you? I wish we lived in a safer world. I am exercised by

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the huge grip of the Islamic world. I am exercised by the Islamic State,

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which attracts young people and turns them into rivers. North Korea

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is isolated. No one is going there and surely that way lies a solution

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which means back to diplomacy. It is a shame we dropped the diplomatic

:10:02.:10:05.

ball this year. Thank you for your time. We appreciate it. On the

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question of Islamist attacks, the biggest was 9/11. It is almost 15

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years since the 911 attacks in New York.

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families of the victims have won the right to sue the Saudi Arabian

:10:22.:10:25.

The House of Representatives has passed the bill -

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the "Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act" -

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despite a threat by President Obama to veto the measure.

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15 of the 19 hijackers were 9/11 nationals.

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With me now from Washington is our reporter Laura Bicker.

:10:44.:10:49.

What does this bill allow? 15 out of those 19 attackers were Saudi

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citizens. Saudi Arabia has denied any involvement in the 911 attacks

:10:59.:11:01.

and no direct link has ever been found. This bill would allow the

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victim's families to sue members of the Saudi Government or any element

:11:08.:11:13.

of the attack and leaders of this bill say this is about fighting

:11:14.:11:18.

terrorism and it is a bout a fight for justice. What this bill would do

:11:19.:11:24.

is overturn long-standing international law, which grants

:11:25.:11:29.

nation 's immunity from civil and criminal prosecutions. That law

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certainty is something President Obama is concerned about. He said he

:11:35.:11:40.

would veto it. He is concerned it would strain relations between Saudi

:11:41.:11:45.

Arabia and the United States and he fears a backlash. Saudi Arabia could

:11:46.:11:49.

take out their own civil or criminal cases against US citizens or

:11:50.:11:54.

companies. The bill now lands on President Obama's desk and it is a

:11:55.:11:59.

very difficult decision to make. He is not in office for that long. He

:12:00.:12:04.

is not and this will have a time limit on it the minute he beat was

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it. He has the Senate and Congress would have ten days after any

:12:09.:12:15.

potential veto to override it. Two thirds of the vote would do that for

:12:16.:12:23.

them. Congress believes this has bipartisan support and Hillary

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Clinton, the Democratic presidential candidate, support it also.

:12:29.:12:32.

President Obama finds himself isolated. Not only does he have his

:12:33.:12:38.

own party supporting this bill, he also has two way up the geopolitical

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consequences if he beat was it. There will be a lot of political

:12:42.:12:45.

horse trading over the next couple of weeks. Thank you very much.

:12:46.:12:54.

Four people have died in a train crash in north-west Spain.

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The train left the rails as it was coming

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into a station before veering into an electricity pylon.

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Looking at the wreckage, it's hard to imagine how anyone

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On Friday morning this train derailed in north-western Spain.

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Its front carriage flipped onto its side and hit an electricity

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Among the dead, the driver who was Portuguese.

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Dozens of passengers were also injured.

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The train breaked suitcases fell on top of us.

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My mother knocked into my father and hurt him.

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A man fell on the floor, coming out of the carriage, we saw

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The train had set off from the Spanish town of Vigo

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and was heading towards Porto in Portugal.

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The crash happened near the town of O Porrino about 20 minutes into

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The passenger train belonged to Portuguese state rail

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Spanish authorities have launched an investigation, but for

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now because of the accident remains unclear.

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Now a look at some of the days other news.

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Facebook has been accused of abusing its power by deleting one

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of the most famous images of the Vietnam war -

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a picture of a naked girl fleeing a napalm attack.

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The Norwegian newspaper, Aftenposten, led the criticism

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after the social network suspended a Norwegian writer's account

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because he'd used the image in a shortlist of the world's most

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Customs officials in Germany have confiscated 1.2 tonnes

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US prosecutors have charged a Volkswagen engineer

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over his role in developing illegal emissions-cheating software.

:14:48.:14:49.

A year ago, VW admitted installing pollution-control software in some

:14:50.:14:52.

diesel cars and vans to falsify emissions test results.

:14:53.:14:54.

The engineer, James Liang, pleaded guilty to

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conspiring to defraud US regulators and customers.

:14:57.:15:00.

The second day of the Paralympic Games in Rio is just

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There are 50 gold medals up for grabs.

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The first day saw Kenyan athlete Samwel Mushai Kimani winning

:15:11.:15:12.

the first Paralympic gold medal for his country and cyclist

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Sarah Storey becoming Britain's most successful female Paralympian

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Well, for the latest action lets head to the BBC's Julia Carniero

:15:18.:15:25.

Has it been a good day so far? Lots more to come. Lots of action here. I

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would like to bring you a highlight from yesterday. Resilient starting

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out well and there's Paralympic games. -- Brazil. It has golds to

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come. Yesterday, one of the biggest stars in the team got his first gold

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in these Paralympics. He is often compared referred to as the

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Brazilian Michael Phelps. He got gold in the 200 meter freestyle race

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and fifth category. He still has another eight competitions that he

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will take part in and saw another eight chances of winning Weddle 's.

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He is the most successful Paralympic athlete. In Brazil. We had golds won

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by Ireland, Argentina and also another one for Brazil. That went to

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this man. He not only won the race, he also beat his own world record

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and came in at 47 point 23 seconds. In that same race, bronze went to

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Cape Verde. There were unexpected turns today. In the 100 meter

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women's find out. The category for women who are totally blind, Libby

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Clegg from Great Britain, she got the best time out of all the

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athletes and made it into the final. She was later disqualified and that

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was because the guide who was accompanying horror was understood

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to have pooled her during the race and that is against the rules of the

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Paralympics. -- accompanying her. We have lots of action to come today

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and action in the stadium and in the swimming pool. Enjoy it. Thank you.

:17:43.:17:47.

Let's take a look at the medal table as it stands on day two.

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China has top spot with eight golds, nine silvers and four bronzes.

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Great Britain is in second place and hosts Brazil have also had

:17:54.:17:56.

a successful start - currently in fourth.

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And you can get the latest from the Paralympics Games.

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For detailed analysis and a sport by sport

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Surgeons in Britain have used a robot to

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operate inside the eye in a world first.

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The milestone for robotic technology should mean that in future surgeons

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will be able to do more complex procedures than are

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Our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh has this exclusive report.

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Deterioration of sight in my right eye is progressive.

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Bill Beaver is going blind in one eye.

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If, for example, I take a book, and I cover my left eye,

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which is still good, all I see is Marsh.

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His central vision is completely gone.

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In theatre, the surgeon uses a joystick to move to the robot arm,

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Robot assisted surgery is now commonplace, especially

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Never before has a robot been used to operate inside the eye.

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This is delicate surgery, involving tiny, precise movements

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to remove a membrane which is causing sight loss.

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Crucially, the robot can filter out the surgeon's hand tremors.

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The robot has to pivot around a tiny hole in the wall of the eye.

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Inside, it removes a membrane just 100th of a millimetre thick,

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shown in blue, which is covering the retina.

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That allows the hole in the retina to close.

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A few days later, the results are clear.

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Before long, his distance vision will return to normal.

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It is almost the world of fairy tales but it is true.

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It is the difference between being active and doing

:20:17.:20:20.

the things I need to do and enjoying art and enjoying life.

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The surgeon says that the robot was more accurate than the human hand.

:20:27.:20:31.

We are going into a new era of eye surgery where we will be placing

:20:32.:20:35.

things at the back of the eye, under the retina, very much more

:20:36.:20:38.

accurately and with greater precision than at the moment.

:20:39.:20:40.

We can certainly improve on current operations but I hope we can do

:20:41.:20:43.

new operations that currently we cannot do with a human hand,

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Retinal disease is the main cause of blindness in the developed world.

:20:47.:20:53.

Robots should allow many more patients to have their site saved.

:20:54.:21:01.

They were stuck all night in cable cars thousands of metres

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But a few hours ago, more than 30 people were finally rescued.

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Technicians managed to restart the service at first light and those

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stranded above the glaciers of Mont Blanc have now been brought

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Suspended 12,000 feet above the highest mountain

:21:17.:21:27.

in the Alps, over 100 tourists, including a ten-year-old child,

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The cars had become stuck after their cables became tangled.

:21:31.:21:34.

You can just see rescuers suspended from helicopters.

:21:35.:21:44.

One of those involved said it was like "performing surgery

:21:45.:21:47.

By night fall, 80 people had been rescued, some by helicopter,

:21:48.:21:51.

others in cabins a little nearer the ground were

:21:52.:21:53.

TRANSLATION: While the day was sunny and not foggy, they

:21:54.:22:01.

They couldn't use helicopters any more.

:22:02.:22:07.

And they lowered people on to the glacier on the places

:22:08.:22:10.

When dark arrived, they decided to stop the rescue operation

:22:11.:22:15.

But 33 people had to be left dangling overnight,

:22:16.:22:19.

In the morning, the helicopters came back, but there was still no

:22:20.:22:27.

clear idea about how to get the people down.

:22:28.:22:29.

Their ordeal finally ended when engineers managed to free

:22:30.:22:32.

the tangled cables and get the cars going again.

:22:33.:22:41.

Terrifying. A film about Edward Snowden has been polarising

:22:42.:22:50.

audiences. He is the man behind the largest

:22:51.:23:09.

leak in an as a history. In the film Snowden comes across as a decent

:23:10.:23:14.

whistle-blower, not the traitor many see him as.

:23:15.:23:26.

When I first met him in January 2014, the situation was still

:23:27.:23:34.

uncertain in Moscow and I was aware of the situation was current and

:23:35.:23:38.

dangerous and could blow up in my face. He was weary of the movie. We

:23:39.:23:42.

went ahead. What has emerged is a story very

:23:43.:23:51.

sympathetic to Snowden's cause. The screenplay,

:23:52.:23:54.

co-written by Oliver Stone, Joseph Gordon-Levitt maintains

:23:55.:23:56.

it's a drama which brings audiences a picture of Snowden that's more

:23:57.:24:05.

complete than what can be gleaned Because there are a lot

:24:06.:24:08.

of people who do view But not much weight is given to that

:24:09.:24:13.

viewpoint in this film, is it? I'm not sure there is a lot

:24:14.:24:18.

of weight to that point of view, I mean, I actually

:24:19.:24:24.

haven't really heard any specific ways in which something

:24:25.:24:28.

that he did harmed the country. Not so, say Snowden's critics,

:24:29.:24:32.

of which there are many. After seeing the trailer

:24:33.:24:35.

for the film, Rebecca Heinrichs, a fellow at the conservative

:24:36.:24:37.

Hudson Institute, became convinced that Oliver Stone

:24:38.:24:39.

had got it all wrong. There are very real,

:24:40.:24:42.

real-life consequences, in which lives, we believe,

:24:43.:24:44.

were lost because of the sort He really is a shameful individual

:24:45.:24:47.

and so, it is too bad that this film is most likely going to have a large

:24:48.:24:55.

audience and people are going to come away thinking that he's some

:24:56.:25:00.

sort of American hero, It's been reported that the film

:25:01.:25:02.

is a component of of a bigger strategy to advance an appeal

:25:03.:25:08.

for clemency for Snowden. I don't think the government's

:25:09.:25:12.

claims about harm to national So, one of these days,

:25:13.:25:14.

we're going to see Edward Snowden return home and be broadly accepted

:25:15.:25:23.

as the whistle-blower that he is. I do think that this film

:25:24.:25:27.

will help ease on that day. But Snowden will find little

:25:28.:25:34.

support from the two major Hillary Clinton has said

:25:35.:25:37.

that he will have to face the music And Donald Trump has

:25:38.:25:42.

called him "a total traitor". Tom Brook,

:25:43.:25:45.

BBC News, Toronto. Facebook has reversed its position.

:25:46.:25:58.

It will let that iconic photo from the Vietnam War. Thanks for

:25:59.:26:00.

watching.

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