09/09/2016 World News Today


09/09/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC world News today. Rare unity in condemning North Korea's

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fifth and most powerful nuclear test to date. The country's leader is

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described The US Congress backs legislation

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allowing families of 9-11 victims to sue the Saudi government

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for damages, despite the threat Success for hosts Brazil

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on the track on day two The ground-breaking surgery

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restoring sight where it The United Nations security council

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has begun an emergency meeting following North Korea's latest

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and largest nuclear test. World leaders have reacted

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with anger to the test, which created a blast so large

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it was initially thought Even China, a long-time ally

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of the isolated communist nation, The North Korean newsreader says

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the nuclear test will protect On the main square, the thought was

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echoed, as if through a script. In South Korea, they

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monitor the tremors. Each test has been bigger

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than the one before. The device detonated this time

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is just short of the power From Japan today, planes took off

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to gather air samples to try to determine what kind

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of device was exploded. We try to still to monitor to find

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out to find out what has taken place.

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We are very much concerned and the resolutions

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of the Security Council must be implemented and they will send this

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The underground blast happened at this site in North Korea,

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only nine months after the last nuclear test.

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Kim Jong Un is in a rush to fulfil his nuclear ambition.

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Yesterday in Pyongyang, the regime's leaders clapped

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in unison as the country celebrated the anniversary

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For them, the bomb is the icing on the cake.

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Here tonight in Seoul in South Korea, life goes on.

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People assume Kim Jong Un's bloodthirsty threats to turn

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the place into a heap of ashes will not happen.

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Even though he's appeared alongside what he claimed was a nuclear

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warhead small enough to go on a rocket.

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North Korea is just 50 kilometres from here, 30 miles,

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The regime there is celebrating a great triumph tonight.

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But there is no sign of that regime being close to collapse.

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In recent months, North Korea has been launching missiles every ten

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days, in defiance of the United Nations.

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North Korea does not have nuclear-tipped missiles yet.

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But it's working steadily towards getting them.

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United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon has condemned North Korea's

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nuclear test and described it as a brazen breach of

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Speaking ahead of the emergency meeting of the Security Council

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I would strongly appreciate the Security Council to unite and take

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urgent action. The Security Council has met eight times this year only

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on DPRK issues. We are deeply concerned by continuing acts of

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provocation by the regime, this time, the fifth, the biggest nuclear

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test. And I sincerely hope that the United Nations Security Council will

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act in solidarity and unity for the international peace and security and

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give a strong warning to the DPRK authorities.

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Long time Korea watcher Aidan Foster Carter says

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South Korea's description of Kim Jong-Un as uncontrollable

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and a reckless maniac may not be a fair analysis.

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Uncontrollable may well be true, the bit about being a maniac, I would

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dispute. The North Koreans know exactly what they are doing and Kim

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Jong-un, as under his father and his grandfather, they have played what

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we might think of objectively as a weak hand very well. What are they

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doing now? Kim Jong-un is both boosting himself at home, as a young

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and untried leader, showing that he can do the stuff that his father

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did. He is also taking advantage of the electoral window, there is a

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social paralysis in the United States, nothing much will be done

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now until the next president and Donald Trump said he would talk to

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Kim Jong-un! And South Korea has an election coming up. I do see this as

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merely defensive although the rhetoric is offensive. They saw the

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fate of Iraq, they will put on an axis of evil by George W bush and

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they want to make sure that will never happen and they have

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succeeded. What about the role of China? Again, I think it is naive

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that sometimes people in Washington and the West expect China to do our

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bidding and see things our way. There is overlap between how they

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see it and Western powers, but not identical. China, this is how I see

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the -- China see that there is something worse than North Korea

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setting off bombs on their doorstep and that is then collapsing. They

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would hate the consequences of a unified Korea with US bases. That is

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worse, as seen from China. I do know why simply -- some people in the

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West don't grasp that. I want to take you over to Geneva.

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We have been expecting a news conference. It is between John Kerry

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and Sergei Lavrov. They have been in long talks on Syria. And in the last

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few minutes, Sergei Lavrov, the Russian Foreign Minister, appeared

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in the room journalists have been waiting and urged them to be

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patient. He said that the process had been dragged out because of

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Washington, saying that the Russians had been waiting for five hours for

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a response from Washington, DC to the latest text. He said that things

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moved slowly in the vertical power of democracy and added that he was

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thinking about calling it a day and continuing with the talks next week.

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So the Russian Foreign Minister suggesting that there has been

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progress but they are waiting, he said. He said, I don't know where

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our friends are, but it is important for them to check with Washington.

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The US administration have been asked about those comments and they

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say that John Kerry is continuing to discuss the proposals with

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colleagues in Washington. Those discussions are ongoing and when

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they have more, they will tell us. I wanted to let you know that was

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happening. We saw a flurry of activity in Geneva, and we will go

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back there when we know not what -- when we know more.

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Almost 15 years after the 9/11 attacks in New York,

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families of the victims have won the right to sue the Saudi Arabian

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The House of Representatives has passed the bill -

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the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act -

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despite a threat by President Obama to veto the measure.

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15 of the 19 hijackers were 9/11 nationals.

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With me now from Washington is our reporter Laura Bicker.

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What does this mean? As you heard, 15 of the attackers were Saudi

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citizens and the Saudi government has always denied any involvement.

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No links have been found. But this bill would allow the victim's --

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victims' families to do is to sue any member of the Saudi government

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for any element of the attack, even if they believe it was funded by the

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Saudi Arabian government. President Obama has in the past as concerns.

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He believes that this would overturn a long-standing international law

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which grants nations immunity from prosecution 's, criminal

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prosecutions and several cases. The White House has also voiced concern

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it would put further strain on US - Saudi Arabia relations and they say

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it could prompt a backlash, Saudi Arabia might decide to take out

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suits against US National 's or US companies. So that is where the

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concern of the White House lies. And when it comes to President Obama,

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that Bill is not his desk and he has a different -- that Bill is on his

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desk and he has a typical decision to make. There has been growing

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pressure and concern about the funding. He well have this difficult

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decision to make. He doesn't have to make a decision before he leaves

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office, but the pressure is on him to make some kind of response, some

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kind of decision because it's not just coming from the victims

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families, it is coming from within own party. Presidential candidate

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Hillary Clinton is for this bill. Leading Democrats for this bill. It

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has broad support across Congress and that is very rare. If he decides

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to veto it, he could find on some quite isolated in politics in this

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country and Congress could override it. A two thirds vote in Congress is

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required to overturn a presidential veto and that is quite likely to

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happen. So he have to weigh up the consequences of politics in his

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country against the geopolitics with Saudi Arabia.

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Now a look at some of the days other news.

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At least four people have been killed in a train crash

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49 others were injured when the passenger service

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Spain's Acting Prime Minister expressed his condolences and

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thanked the emergency services on a visit to the scene.

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Facebook has reversed its decision to censor one of the most famous

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images of the Vietnam War - a naked girl escaping

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a napalm attack - after the move caused outrage.

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The 1972 image was removed after a Norwegian newspaper,

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Aftenposten, published the photograph as part

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Facebook originally said the photo violated its nudity rules.

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But it's now decided to allow users to share it.

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US prosecutors have charged a Volkswagen engineer

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over his role in developing illegal emissions-cheating software.

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A year ago, VW admitted installing pollution-control software in some

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diesel cars and vans to falsify emissions test results.

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The engineer, James Liang, pleaded guilty to conspiring to

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The second day of the Paralympic Games in Rio is underway in Rio

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and there are fifty gold medals up for grabs.

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And hosts Brazil got off to winning start -

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How is it going today, Julia? In a lot of action. Not good weather but

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the shine is coming from inside the athletic Stadium. Lots of medals

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were given out this morning. Goldman to Ireland, Tunisia and Argentina

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and also Brazil. The third goal for Brazil in the 400 metres T20 race.

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That is the race for athletes with intellectual impairment. He not only

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won the race, but beaches own world record, coming in at 47.23 seconds.

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And right now, the fans are streaming in for the night's round

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of finals that are just starting. I can hear the sound from inside the

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stadium. Lots of excitement. We had strong emotions earlier in the

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morning with some unexpected terms. I would like to mention what

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happened in the women's T11 100 metre race where Jeannie's Libby

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Clegg got disqualified. She had had her best result ever in her life,

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racing at 91 seconds. But the judges disqualified her on the

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understanding that the guide accompanying her had pulled her. She

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appealed that decision and was successful in that. So she will take

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part in the finals of the T11100 metres race that will happen here

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later tonight. And we will have lots of action here tonight including the

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participation of one of the Paralympic stars from the US team,

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Tatyana McFadden. She got three goals in London back in 2012 and she

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is now trying to get a total of seven golds here in Rio. She will

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try to snatch the first one in the 254 100 metres final. -- T54. Lots

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of action in the field of. While sprinting on blades, the T51 final.

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Jonnie Peacock will defend his gold that he won in London. Lots of

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action in Rio with the athletic stadium filling up quickly. Thanks

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very much. I know you will keep us across it all.

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Let's take a look at the medal table as it stands on day two.

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China has top spot with eight golds, ten silvers and four bronzes -

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Great Britain is in second place - and hosts Brazil have also had

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a successful start - currently in fourth.

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And you can get the latest from the Paralympics

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For detailed analysis and a sport by sport guide just go

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Stay with us, surgeons have used a robot to operate inside the eye in

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what is a real world first. A British-Iranian woman who has been

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detained in Iran for more than 150 days has now been jailed for five

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years, according to I think she's a political football

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in internal battles and battles with Britain as well. We have had

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messages saying if the British government agrees, we will release

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her but different messages contradict that and now she has been

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sentenced to five years. They have not released any charges. If there

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was a crime there, they have not said what it was. When we have X --

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explored all the possibilities bring them together, then we are looking

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at do I find a way to get Gabriella back. It is difficult and dangerous,

:17:17.:17:20.

but this can't go on for ever. Global condemnation as North Korea

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carries out a fifth nuclear test - The US Congress backs legislation

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allowing families of 9/11 victims to sue the Saudi government

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for damages, despite the threat Techie's E, Mick Vista is said that

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Turkey is willing -- Turkey's economic minister said that Turkey

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is willing to negotiate a quick trade deal with Britain it is

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Britain's biggest export partner and said that Britain must be ready. He

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said that working on the deal it would set -- would work on the same

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time as Turkey seeks to improve its current deal with the EU. In the

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same time, while we are discussing this with the European Union. It's a

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case, it's in SSSC now. We need to start the bigger stations with the

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UK -- it's a necessity now. In two years because time, Brexit will be

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completed. Everything must be ready in the same time, simultaneously. We

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cannot lose time, we cannot lose the opportunities. We cannot miss this

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season. When the season of the European Union finishes, then a new

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rule between Turkey and the UK must be ready there.

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Lizzie Greenwood-Hughes has all the sport.

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Novak Djokovic has taken the first set of his US open semifinal against

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Gayle Monfils. He started but still won 6-3. He is up in the second set

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and he is fresh after having only played two matches after his

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opponents retired. The serving as going for a 13th grand slam title.

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-- the Serbian player. Froome is trying to become the first

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man for 38 years to win the Tour de France and the Vuelta

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in the same season. The countdown is on to tomorrow's

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much awaited Manchester derby. It's being billed as the highest

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profile game in British league history where Jose Mourinho

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and Pep Guardiola go head-to-head. David Ornstein looks ahead to the

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match. Manchester, home to some of

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football, is fiercest rivals. Red versus blue, United versus city, now

:20:29.:20:34.

Jose Mourinho against pep Guardiola. Now the battles will be as tents in

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the dugout as on the pitch. Before the match comes the media. This is

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where many of their fights have been fought. But on the eve of the first

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derby, it was best behaviour. To me, it is just a game against a very

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good opponent. If you want to be successful, if you want to win the

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game, we have to be at the top of our qualities. The last game Real

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Madrid, Barcelona, was not easy for either or both. But we met each

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other a few weeks ago at the managers Premier League meeting and

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we spoke fluently. Their relationship dates back to 1996 when

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Guardiola was playing for Barcelona and Mourinho joined the closing step

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-- coaching staff. But years later, Mourinho lost out to Guardiola for

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the coaching job and friends became foes. And then Mourinho was

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appointed to Real Madrid manager and his mission was to not Guardiola of

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its perch. That poisoned season. The relationship was very poisonous --

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aggressive at the end because they were the two best teams managed by

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the two best coaches. United and city have been led by many great

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managers and tomorrow, two more will take centre stage. But what makes it

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significant is that it could be the most expensive match in football

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history. The previous record was set in last season's El Classico with

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Real Madrid against first -- Barcelona. It is estimated that the

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players starting at Old Trafford was cost ?600 million. Among them is

:22:25.:22:29.

Paul Pogba, at a world ?89 million. The last derby was settled by eight

:22:30.:22:34.

moment of brilliance from Marcus Rashford. But that was a sideshow as

:22:35.:22:42.

Leicester City stole the limelight. But the limelight is firmly back on

:22:43.:22:48.

Manchester City thanks to Guardiola. That all the sport for now.

:22:49.:22:58.

Surgeons have used a robot to operate inside the eye in a world

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first. The robot means that surgeons can do more delicate procedures and

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could otherwise have been done. Fergus Walsh reports.

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Deterioration of sight in my right eye is progressive.

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Bill Beaver is going blind in one eye.

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If, for example, I take a book, and I cover my left eye,

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which is still good, all I see is mush.

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His central vision is completely gone.

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In theatre, the surgeon uses a joystick to move to the robot arm,

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Robot assisted surgery is now commonplace, especially

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Never before has a robot been used to operate inside the eye.

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This is delicate surgery, involving tiny, precise movements

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to remove a membrane which is causing sight loss.

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Crucially, the robot can filter out the surgeon's hand tremors.

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The robot has to pivot around a tiny hole in the wall of the eye.

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Inside, it removes a membrane just 100th of a millimetre thick,

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shown in blue, which is covering the retina.

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That allows the hole in the retina to close.

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A few days later, the results are clear.

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Before long, his distance vision will return to normal.

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It is almost the world of fairy tales but it is true.

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It is the difference between being active and doing

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the things I need to do and enjoying art and enjoying life.

:24:52.:24:55.

The surgeon says that the robot was more accurate than the human hand.

:24:56.:25:01.

We are going into a new era of eye surgery where we will be placing

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things at the back of the eye, under the retina, very much more

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accurately and with greater precision than at the moment.

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We can certainly improve on current operations but I hope we can do

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new operations that currently we cannot do with a human hand,

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Retinal disease is the main cause of blindness in the developed world.

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Robots should allow many more patients to have their site saved.

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President Obama has been honoured by scientists, they have named a

:25:35.:25:53.

parasite after him! The professor responsible say it reminds them of

:25:54.:26:00.

President Obama because it is long, thin, and cool as hell!

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