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This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.
The headlines, Europe contemplates its future
As the remaining 27 members have been holding a day long summit,
Germany's Angela Merkel says the EU's situation is
critical and illegal migration must be stopped.
I am live at the summit in Russia's lover. I have just come from a press
conference where they were talking about being confident and happy
about the European Union's future. Setting the record straight
on the birther theory: Donald Trump finally accepts that Barack Obama
was born in the US - Hillary Clinton says he owes
the nation an apology. President or Obama was born in the
United States. I was pretty confident about where I was born. I
think most people were as well. The US government has reportedly
agreed to pay more than $1 million to the family of this man,
who was killed in a drone And the legacy of Rio -
we find out how the Paralympics is helping injured ex-servicemen
who've sustained The German chancellor,
Angela Merkel, has said that the 27 European Union leaders meeting
in Slovakia have reached an agreement
on reinvigorating the union. Mrs Merkel told reporters
that they had agreed that illegal migration must be stopped
or at least significantly reduced. At the first major summit
since Britain voted in June to leave the EU, the German chancellor said
that the leaders had agreed that there should be more
co-operation on issues Security, migration, protection of
external borders where very prominently discussed on our agenda.
We said that we want, if possible, to stop illegal migration, at least
reduce it significantly, we want to tackle the root causes of flight.
Turkey agreement goes a long way to serving the purpose but we also
agreed between the EU and Africa, we want to conclude agreements with
countries than so far help them to improve the situation on the ground
so people have no need to flee. Ros Atkins joins me
from the summit in Bratislava. It looks like we have agreement,
talk is through what we have here. I will be honest with you, I think we
were always going to end up at this point. The EU is desperate to
present a unified face to the world and desperate to change the dynamic
that has been going on since that Brexit built. The spat between
Luxembourg and Hungary earlier in the week about how hungry is
approaching the migrant crisis did not help and 27 leaders here
understood this was a moment to strike a unified, more positive note
and they have just about manage that. It has proved easier to do
because they never really thought to find any policy commitments. That
was not what the summit was about, this is the beginning of a process
that leads to a major EU gathering in Rome in March. This was always
going to be about starting something, not finishing it and as
such, it has been easier for a Francoise Hollande, anger Michael --
Angela Merkel, where they are all striking a very similar note. One of
confidence, one of being happy that they have managed to work together
and one of commitment to the processes that they have now begun.
We know that Donald Tusk is speaking at the moment. It is obvious that
the UK was not there. This was a really important summit to show
agreement because this was the first one since Brexit? Yes and lots of
our viewers have been getting in touch with me on social media
saying, how did this happen, is it legal? This has been an amicable
agreement. The UK understands that remaining 27 members of the European
Union have the right to discuss what will happen beyond Brexit. The
European union leaders who have been here, they have been privately
respectable about the UK saying, believe it or not, they are not
talking about Brexit in detail because until the UK says it is off,
we are in their strange limbo where we note the UK will leave but the EU
and the UK are not yet talking about it. The expectation was perhaps that
Brexit would dominate but that was not the case. The three issues
dominating are the migrant crisis, security and the EU's economy. They
have been discussed more than Brexit. We are just getting some
more details with Donald Tusk saying that the EU are well prepared and
could start Brexit negotiations tomorrow but respect the EU -- the
UK's wishes to delay. In terms of migration, bring us up to date about
what has been agreed? To be honest, not much. We have a situation where
the EU adopted a plan, a quarter system whereby different member
states would take on different amounts of migrants. The only
problem was, despite this being adopted by the EU, a number of
countries, including Slovakia, said, we are not doing it. The Prime
Minister of Slovakia said, we will not take one single migrants.
Listening to EU officials here, all they have said is, they are working
hard on finding a solution and they won't talk to Turkey further to see
if there are more deals or more areas of cooperation to be found but
if you ask them if there is a different plan to the quota system
but at the moment isn't working, the short answer is, there is not.
Donald Tusk saying negotiations must be run in the interests of the EU,
not Britain. For the first time Donald Trump has
personally acknowledged that President Obama was born
in the United States. The Republican candidate
accused his Democratic Party rival, Hillary Clinton, of first raising
the issue eight years ago. President Obama said he hoped
that the election campaign Mr Trump first questioned
the president's place of birth five years ago when Mr Obama was running
for a second term in office. Let's cross to Washington and speak
to our reporter, Anthony Zurcher. This is a complete reversal of what
Donald Trump was saying in the first place. What do you make of all this?
It is a pretty extraordinary moment here in Washington this morning. I
was at the Donald Trump hotel in downtown Washington, DC where he had
a campaign event. We waited for about an hour and he finally started
and then we all expected a big announcement, all these rumours of a
reversal started. Yesterday when told Trump denied backing away from
his belief that President Obama was born somewhere besides the US but
then the campaign sent out a press release and Donald Trump said he had
a major announcement. He finally took the stage and brought some
military advisers about his book for a while and finally, finally, he had
his big announcement. Here it is. Hillary Clinton, and her campaign of
2008 started with the birth controversy. I finished it. I
finished it. You know what I mean. President Barack Obama was born in
the United States, period. Now we all want to get back to making
America strong and great again. Thank you. Thank you very much. So,
there it is. Donald Trump said that Barack Obama was born in America.
This was supposed to be a press conference where he would take media
questions. He didn't. After he finished that line, he walked out
with the media shouting questions after him about why he changed his
position and what he was going to do now. If he thinks he can put this
issue behind him and it does seem to be hurting him in the polls a bit,
particularly with black voters, I think that will be difficult. He
said Hillary Clinton was responsible in this interpersonal and get which
people have found not to be true. Some of her supporters may have then
raised those questions but her campaign never did. Hillary Clinton
doesn't seem that she is going to let this drop. Earlier today she had
her own comments about what Ultram has said.
For five years, he has led the birth movement to D legitimise our first
black President. His campaign was founded on this outrageous lie.
There is no raising it in history. Just yesterday, Donald Trump again
refused to say with his own words that the President was born in the
United States. Now, Donald's advisers had the temerity to say he
is doing the service -- the country a service by pushing these lies.
Now. He is not. He is feeding in to the worst impulses, the bigotry and
bias that looks in our country. So, Hillary Clinton obviously is not
willing to let this go. She tweeted last night, calling Donald trump the
birth in chief. Her campaign released a statement that said they
are not going to let anyone forget about Donald Trump's role in this
and his ongoing from 2011 to this year raising the spectre of Barack
Obama may be not being born on US soil so I think we will see this
play out in the campaign running forward and I would not be surprised
to see a key exchange between the two campaign candidates in a debate
later this month. Barack Obama was his usual relaxed self about this
saying he was confident where he was born but you have already mentioned
that this is damaging Donald Trump in the polls? It is, it is hurting
him, not among black voters only but also among moderates and swing
borders in places like Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia suburbs who are
traditionally Republican. They look at Donald Trump embracing what is
pretty clearly a fringe conspiracy theory and that puts him outside the
political mainstream in this country. The irony also is that even
if Barack Obama was born in tenure as some people allege, he would
still be qualified to be US President. All it takes is being a
natural born citizen and that requires one parent being a US
citizen. His mother was born in Kansas. He is a US citizen.
Remarkable that we are still speaking about this!
In other news: Russia has said it is ready to extend the Syria
ceasefire set to run out Friday evening for another 72 hours,
despite accusing the US and rebels of not fulfilling the deal.
Numerous ceasefire breaches by both sides have been reported,
with UN aid workers saying they are unable to secure safe
A suicide bomber has attacked a mosque in north-west Pakistan
killing at least 23 people and wounding dozens of others.
According to local officials, the bomber struck during Friday
prayers in the village of Butmana in Mohmand district bordering
July and August were the joint hottest months ever recorded
across the planet, according to the UN weather agency.
2016 is on course to be the hottest year since temperatures
were first recorded in the nineteenth century.
The World Meteorological Organisation describe it
as the planet sending out distress signals.
A judge in London has ruled that an autistic man accused of hacking
into government computers in the United States can be
Lauri Love is accused of breaking into the computer systems
of various agencies, including the US Federal Reserve,
Mr Love has previously said he fears dying in a US prison.
The US government has agreed to pay $1.2 million to the family
of an Italian aid worker killed in a drone strike in Pakistan.
Giovanni Lo Porto and American aid worker, Warren Weinstein,
were being held hostage by al-Qaeda when they died in a US
counter-terrorism operation on the Pakistan-Afghan
The White House has confirmed that payments were made to both families,
But the Guardian's Stephanie Kirshgaysner has seen the documents
and broke the news on the settlement together with the Italian
The US have not outlined the details but you have seen the initial
reports. Ring us up-to-date. What details? They obtained the details
of this extraordinary payment by the US government. The reason is such an
important moment is that it is the first time the US government made a
document payment to a victim of a drone strike that was killed outside
a declared war zone, in this case Pakistan. The document is pretty
standard legal document. A representative of the US embassy
here in Rome met with some other officials and agreed to make a
payment of 1.2 million euros to the parents of Giovanni Lo Porto and
there was no acceptance of responsibility or apology in this
document but it said that it was made as a donation in the memory of
Giovanni Lo Porto. They describe the money as a condolence payment,
adding that no figure would bring back the families of loved ones. I
know that you have been in conversation previously with the
brother of Giovanni Lo Porto, have you had a chance to talk to the
family? It is really an extremely development also because when we
spoke to Giovanni Lo Porto's brother earlier this year, it became clear
that the family felt abandoned both by the US government and the Italian
government, even though President Obama did accept responsibility for
the accidental killing of both aid workers. They had never heard from
the US government again. In fact they had trouble transferring
Giovanni Lo Porto's body from Rome to his home. We have gone from bad
to suddenly this extraordinary payment of 1.2 million euros. I did
have an e-mail chat with his mother who was really just talking about
her grief and loss of her son and didn't the payment at all. His
brother did confirm the payment. The United Nations is still waiting
to deliver aid to the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo four days
after a ceasefire came into effect. At least 250,000 people
are in desperate need of food and medicine, but the UN says
the Syrian government has failed to provide permits to trucks
into rebel-held east Aleppo. The BBC's Middle East Editor Jeremy
Bowen filed this report from a university campus
in government-controlled This is the campus of Aleppo
University and since 2012 it has been used as a shelter for displaced
people. I am told that around 20,000 people live here. It could be worse.
They can go out and work and come and go as they please. It is very
different from the situation in eastern Aleppo where they do not get
the supplies in the way that places like this are supplied. This was
student accommodation. The rooms that used to hold a single student,
maybe two, now hold one family, maybe two. It is overcrowded but the
people who live here are keeping it as clean as they can. The
humanitarian side of things is a big component to the ceasefire
agreement. It was how they got a lot of the rebel groups who did not like
the agreement because they felt it let the Assad regime off the hook,
the way they got involved in it. The idea is, that humanitarian aid will
flow into areas that the government had deliberately cut off from food
supplies. Now, so far, that has not happened. By now, the hope was that
convoys of relief aid be moving along the highway. The road runs
into the north-western sector of Aleppo. The UN has blamed the Syrian
government for not giving the relevant permissions to let the
lorries in. Now, if the humanitarian part of the ceasefire does not work,
the rest of it probably won't stand either. The longer this road stays
empty, the more likely it is that the ceasefire will collapse.
The Italian Prime Minister says the state cannot intervene
to prevent people posting intimate or salacious material online.
Matteo Renzi was speaking in response to the suicide
of a woman who fought for months to have her sex video
removed from the internet, after being mocked
Her funeral procession was broadcast live on television.
She was 31 and she killed herself on Tuesday.
1 million people viewed an explicit video of her on the internet.
She sent it to her ex-boyfriend and three others.
After it went viral she left her job, moved home
and was in the process of changing her name,
In court she won the right to be forgotten.
Websites and search engines including Facebook were ordered
Four men are now being investigated for defamation.
Campaigners say this is a global problem and people who post these
kind of images and those who share and copy them have to be tackled
There are no boundaries and borders to the internet.
What happens online certainly affects us offline.
And that can be no more clear than with revenge porn.
Recently need criminal laws which are prohibitive.
The dissemination of someone else's private images,
there needs to be an expectation of privacy around the world.
International model Leomie Anderson spoke out earlier this year.
She experienced pressure from boys to take intimate pictures of herself
and she now campaigns to warn other women of the dangers of sending
Sending these pictures to your partner or whoever,
I think they feel it shows that your relationship is more grown
And they are devastated when they receive a backlash,
Many countries are time to take action on these crimes.
There has been an outpouring of support for Tiziana
The very thing that destroyed her life.
Tiziana's family have called the justice system in Italy to act
At the Paralympic Games, the athletes' impairments
may reflect disease, lack of prenatal care and high
rates of car accidents - but they also mirror the harsh
reality of armed conflicts around the world.
Soldiers wounded in wars, civilians injured by land mines
and now refugees are part of the Paralympics and testament
Arms open to real and picture taken for the US football squad, a first
day off after the seven aside competition at the games. Four
members of the team, from the US military. Three suffered dramatic
brain injuries at wars overseas. The co-captain was injured in
Afghanistan. 29-year-old Joshua dedicated a third of his life to the
Army until a helicopter crash and explosions in Afghanistan took him
out of action for good. There is now returning to work so I had
difficulty deciding what I wanted to do after that and I found this team
and I found a new purpose in life and now I get to play soccer every
day. I get to meet all these great people. The US was one of several
teams in real with athletes who were wounded in the battlefield. The
Paralympic movement has its roots in war. Veterans from World War II
competed in Stoke Mandeville in England in 1948, the birthplace of
the games. The link to war is remembered in this international Red
Cross exhibition to provoke thought and at this Swiss hospitality house.
These pictures reflect the lasting impact of conflict around the world
and the power of sport to help overcome the traumas and injuries of
war. These athletes have had a difficult journey. This is the
Paralympics response to the world's most decent crisis, the first ever
refugee team. Syrian swimmer Abraham had his leg blown off in 2012 and
paste the risky crossing agrees. He says 2016 has been the best year of
his life. TRANSLATION: our presence in the Paralympic games is very,
very important. It brings awareness to the refugee crisis and shows that
sport can help put an end to the bloodshed. I hope that each ethnic
can compete in his own flag. Tony was moved when I asked about his new
role leading refugee team. I was the chef to mission of the British team
and I was very proud to do that but this is on a different scale. As
these athletes prepare to leave real, it is with a renewed sense of
ambition. You don't just get on the couch and do the job were not happy
with, we can find another direction and make our families proud.
Violence has changed the course of their lives but sport is helping
them move forward. Let's return to the presidential
campaign. Until his Donald Trump could have been argued as being
famous for his hairstyle as his success. Can I mess your hair up? I
will be gentle! The answer is yes but the people in New Hampshire
where I will be in one hour, I hope they'll understand! Did you say yes?
Go-ahead. Temperatures or where they should be
for this time of year.