16/09/2016 World News Today


16/09/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Kasia Madera.

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The headlines, Europe contemplates its future

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As the remaining 27 members have been holding a day long summit,

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Germany's Angela Merkel says the EU's situation is

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critical and illegal migration must be stopped.

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I am live at the summit in Russia's lover. I have just come from a press

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conference where they were talking about being confident and happy

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about the European Union's future. Setting the record straight

:00:38.:00:40.

on the birther theory: Donald Trump finally accepts that Barack Obama

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was born in the US - Hillary Clinton says he owes

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the nation an apology. President or Obama was born in the

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United States. I was pretty confident about where I was born. I

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think most people were as well. The US government has reportedly

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agreed to pay more than $1 million to the family of this man,

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who was killed in a drone And the legacy of Rio -

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we find out how the Paralympics is helping injured ex-servicemen

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who've sustained The German chancellor,

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Angela Merkel, has said that the 27 European Union leaders meeting

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in Slovakia have reached an agreement

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on reinvigorating the union. Mrs Merkel told reporters

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that they had agreed that illegal migration must be stopped

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or at least significantly reduced. At the first major summit

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since Britain voted in June to leave the EU, the German chancellor said

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that the leaders had agreed that there should be more

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co-operation on issues Security, migration, protection of

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external borders where very prominently discussed on our agenda.

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We said that we want, if possible, to stop illegal migration, at least

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reduce it significantly, we want to tackle the root causes of flight.

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Turkey agreement goes a long way to serving the purpose but we also

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agreed between the EU and Africa, we want to conclude agreements with

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countries than so far help them to improve the situation on the ground

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so people have no need to flee. Ros Atkins joins me

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from the summit in Bratislava. It looks like we have agreement,

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talk is through what we have here. I will be honest with you, I think we

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were always going to end up at this point. The EU is desperate to

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present a unified face to the world and desperate to change the dynamic

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that has been going on since that Brexit built. The spat between

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Luxembourg and Hungary earlier in the week about how hungry is

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approaching the migrant crisis did not help and 27 leaders here

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understood this was a moment to strike a unified, more positive note

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and they have just about manage that. It has proved easier to do

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because they never really thought to find any policy commitments. That

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was not what the summit was about, this is the beginning of a process

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that leads to a major EU gathering in Rome in March. This was always

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going to be about starting something, not finishing it and as

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such, it has been easier for a Francoise Hollande, anger Michael --

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Angela Merkel, where they are all striking a very similar note. One of

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confidence, one of being happy that they have managed to work together

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and one of commitment to the processes that they have now begun.

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We know that Donald Tusk is speaking at the moment. It is obvious that

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the UK was not there. This was a really important summit to show

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agreement because this was the first one since Brexit? Yes and lots of

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our viewers have been getting in touch with me on social media

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saying, how did this happen, is it legal? This has been an amicable

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agreement. The UK understands that remaining 27 members of the European

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Union have the right to discuss what will happen beyond Brexit. The

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European union leaders who have been here, they have been privately

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respectable about the UK saying, believe it or not, they are not

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talking about Brexit in detail because until the UK says it is off,

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we are in their strange limbo where we note the UK will leave but the EU

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and the UK are not yet talking about it. The expectation was perhaps that

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Brexit would dominate but that was not the case. The three issues

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dominating are the migrant crisis, security and the EU's economy. They

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have been discussed more than Brexit. We are just getting some

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more details with Donald Tusk saying that the EU are well prepared and

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could start Brexit negotiations tomorrow but respect the EU -- the

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UK's wishes to delay. In terms of migration, bring us up to date about

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what has been agreed? To be honest, not much. We have a situation where

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the EU adopted a plan, a quarter system whereby different member

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states would take on different amounts of migrants. The only

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problem was, despite this being adopted by the EU, a number of

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countries, including Slovakia, said, we are not doing it. The Prime

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Minister of Slovakia said, we will not take one single migrants.

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Listening to EU officials here, all they have said is, they are working

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hard on finding a solution and they won't talk to Turkey further to see

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if there are more deals or more areas of cooperation to be found but

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if you ask them if there is a different plan to the quota system

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but at the moment isn't working, the short answer is, there is not.

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Donald Tusk saying negotiations must be run in the interests of the EU,

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not Britain. For the first time Donald Trump has

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personally acknowledged that President Obama was born

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in the United States. The Republican candidate

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accused his Democratic Party rival, Hillary Clinton, of first raising

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the issue eight years ago. President Obama said he hoped

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that the election campaign Mr Trump first questioned

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the president's place of birth five years ago when Mr Obama was running

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for a second term in office. Let's cross to Washington and speak

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to our reporter, Anthony Zurcher. This is a complete reversal of what

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Donald Trump was saying in the first place. What do you make of all this?

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It is a pretty extraordinary moment here in Washington this morning. I

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was at the Donald Trump hotel in downtown Washington, DC where he had

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a campaign event. We waited for about an hour and he finally started

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and then we all expected a big announcement, all these rumours of a

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reversal started. Yesterday when told Trump denied backing away from

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his belief that President Obama was born somewhere besides the US but

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then the campaign sent out a press release and Donald Trump said he had

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a major announcement. He finally took the stage and brought some

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military advisers about his book for a while and finally, finally, he had

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his big announcement. Here it is. Hillary Clinton, and her campaign of

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2008 started with the birth controversy. I finished it. I

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finished it. You know what I mean. President Barack Obama was born in

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the United States, period. Now we all want to get back to making

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America strong and great again. Thank you. Thank you very much. So,

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there it is. Donald Trump said that Barack Obama was born in America.

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This was supposed to be a press conference where he would take media

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questions. He didn't. After he finished that line, he walked out

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with the media shouting questions after him about why he changed his

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position and what he was going to do now. If he thinks he can put this

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issue behind him and it does seem to be hurting him in the polls a bit,

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particularly with black voters, I think that will be difficult. He

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said Hillary Clinton was responsible in this interpersonal and get which

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people have found not to be true. Some of her supporters may have then

:09:27.:09:31.

raised those questions but her campaign never did. Hillary Clinton

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doesn't seem that she is going to let this drop. Earlier today she had

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her own comments about what Ultram has said.

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For five years, he has led the birth movement to D legitimise our first

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black President. His campaign was founded on this outrageous lie.

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There is no raising it in history. Just yesterday, Donald Trump again

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refused to say with his own words that the President was born in the

:10:08.:10:14.

United States. Now, Donald's advisers had the temerity to say he

:10:15.:10:20.

is doing the service -- the country a service by pushing these lies.

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Now. He is not. He is feeding in to the worst impulses, the bigotry and

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bias that looks in our country. So, Hillary Clinton obviously is not

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willing to let this go. She tweeted last night, calling Donald trump the

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birth in chief. Her campaign released a statement that said they

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are not going to let anyone forget about Donald Trump's role in this

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and his ongoing from 2011 to this year raising the spectre of Barack

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Obama may be not being born on US soil so I think we will see this

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play out in the campaign running forward and I would not be surprised

:11:08.:11:12.

to see a key exchange between the two campaign candidates in a debate

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later this month. Barack Obama was his usual relaxed self about this

:11:18.:11:21.

saying he was confident where he was born but you have already mentioned

:11:22.:11:23.

that this is damaging Donald Trump in the polls? It is, it is hurting

:11:24.:11:30.

him, not among black voters only but also among moderates and swing

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borders in places like Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia suburbs who are

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traditionally Republican. They look at Donald Trump embracing what is

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pretty clearly a fringe conspiracy theory and that puts him outside the

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political mainstream in this country. The irony also is that even

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if Barack Obama was born in tenure as some people allege, he would

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still be qualified to be US President. All it takes is being a

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natural born citizen and that requires one parent being a US

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citizen. His mother was born in Kansas. He is a US citizen.

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Remarkable that we are still speaking about this!

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In other news: Russia has said it is ready to extend the Syria

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ceasefire set to run out Friday evening for another 72 hours,

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despite accusing the US and rebels of not fulfilling the deal.

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Numerous ceasefire breaches by both sides have been reported,

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with UN aid workers saying they are unable to secure safe

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A suicide bomber has attacked a mosque in north-west Pakistan

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killing at least 23 people and wounding dozens of others.

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According to local officials, the bomber struck during Friday

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prayers in the village of Butmana in Mohmand district bordering

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July and August were the joint hottest months ever recorded

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across the planet, according to the UN weather agency.

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2016 is on course to be the hottest year since temperatures

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were first recorded in the nineteenth century.

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The World Meteorological Organisation describe it

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as the planet sending out distress signals.

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A judge in London has ruled that an autistic man accused of hacking

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into government computers in the United States can be

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Lauri Love is accused of breaking into the computer systems

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of various agencies, including the US Federal Reserve,

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Mr Love has previously said he fears dying in a US prison.

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The US government has agreed to pay $1.2 million to the family

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of an Italian aid worker killed in a drone strike in Pakistan.

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Giovanni Lo Porto and American aid worker, Warren Weinstein,

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were being held hostage by al-Qaeda when they died in a US

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counter-terrorism operation on the Pakistan-Afghan

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The White House has confirmed that payments were made to both families,

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But the Guardian's Stephanie Kirshgaysner has seen the documents

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and broke the news on the settlement together with the Italian

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The US have not outlined the details but you have seen the initial

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reports. Ring us up-to-date. What details? They obtained the details

:14:30.:14:41.

of this extraordinary payment by the US government. The reason is such an

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important moment is that it is the first time the US government made a

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document payment to a victim of a drone strike that was killed outside

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a declared war zone, in this case Pakistan. The document is pretty

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standard legal document. A representative of the US embassy

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here in Rome met with some other officials and agreed to make a

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payment of 1.2 million euros to the parents of Giovanni Lo Porto and

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there was no acceptance of responsibility or apology in this

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document but it said that it was made as a donation in the memory of

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Giovanni Lo Porto. They describe the money as a condolence payment,

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adding that no figure would bring back the families of loved ones. I

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know that you have been in conversation previously with the

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brother of Giovanni Lo Porto, have you had a chance to talk to the

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family? It is really an extremely development also because when we

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spoke to Giovanni Lo Porto's brother earlier this year, it became clear

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that the family felt abandoned both by the US government and the Italian

:16:01.:16:04.

government, even though President Obama did accept responsibility for

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the accidental killing of both aid workers. They had never heard from

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the US government again. In fact they had trouble transferring

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Giovanni Lo Porto's body from Rome to his home. We have gone from bad

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to suddenly this extraordinary payment of 1.2 million euros. I did

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have an e-mail chat with his mother who was really just talking about

:16:38.:16:40.

her grief and loss of her son and didn't the payment at all. His

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brother did confirm the payment. The United Nations is still waiting

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to deliver aid to the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo four days

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after a ceasefire came into effect. At least 250,000 people

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are in desperate need of food and medicine, but the UN says

:17:05.:17:07.

the Syrian government has failed to provide permits to trucks

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into rebel-held east Aleppo. The BBC's Middle East Editor Jeremy

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Bowen filed this report from a university campus

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in government-controlled This is the campus of Aleppo

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University and since 2012 it has been used as a shelter for displaced

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people. I am told that around 20,000 people live here. It could be worse.

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They can go out and work and come and go as they please. It is very

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different from the situation in eastern Aleppo where they do not get

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the supplies in the way that places like this are supplied. This was

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student accommodation. The rooms that used to hold a single student,

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maybe two, now hold one family, maybe two. It is overcrowded but the

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people who live here are keeping it as clean as they can. The

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humanitarian side of things is a big component to the ceasefire

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agreement. It was how they got a lot of the rebel groups who did not like

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the agreement because they felt it let the Assad regime off the hook,

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the way they got involved in it. The idea is, that humanitarian aid will

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flow into areas that the government had deliberately cut off from food

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supplies. Now, so far, that has not happened. By now, the hope was that

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convoys of relief aid be moving along the highway. The road runs

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into the north-western sector of Aleppo. The UN has blamed the Syrian

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government for not giving the relevant permissions to let the

:18:57.:19:02.

lorries in. Now, if the humanitarian part of the ceasefire does not work,

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the rest of it probably won't stand either. The longer this road stays

:19:07.:19:10.

empty, the more likely it is that the ceasefire will collapse.

:19:11.:19:16.

The Italian Prime Minister says the state cannot intervene

:19:17.:19:18.

to prevent people posting intimate or salacious material online.

:19:19.:19:20.

Matteo Renzi was speaking in response to the suicide

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of a woman who fought for months to have her sex video

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removed from the internet, after being mocked

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Her funeral procession was broadcast live on television.

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She was 31 and she killed herself on Tuesday.

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1 million people viewed an explicit video of her on the internet.

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She sent it to her ex-boyfriend and three others.

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After it went viral she left her job, moved home

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and was in the process of changing her name,

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In court she won the right to be forgotten.

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Websites and search engines including Facebook were ordered

:20:13.:20:16.

Four men are now being investigated for defamation.

:20:17.:20:21.

Campaigners say this is a global problem and people who post these

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kind of images and those who share and copy them have to be tackled

:20:25.:20:28.

There are no boundaries and borders to the internet.

:20:29.:20:33.

What happens online certainly affects us offline.

:20:34.:20:36.

And that can be no more clear than with revenge porn.

:20:37.:20:42.

Recently need criminal laws which are prohibitive.

:20:43.:20:50.

The dissemination of someone else's private images,

:20:51.:20:53.

there needs to be an expectation of privacy around the world.

:20:54.:20:59.

International model Leomie Anderson spoke out earlier this year.

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She experienced pressure from boys to take intimate pictures of herself

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and she now campaigns to warn other women of the dangers of sending

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Sending these pictures to your partner or whoever,

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I think they feel it shows that your relationship is more grown

:21:19.:21:21.

And they are devastated when they receive a backlash,

:21:22.:21:26.

Many countries are time to take action on these crimes.

:21:27.:21:36.

There has been an outpouring of support for Tiziana

:21:37.:21:38.

The very thing that destroyed her life.

:21:39.:21:40.

Tiziana's family have called the justice system in Italy to act

:21:41.:21:43.

At the Paralympic Games, the athletes' impairments

:21:44.:21:50.

may reflect disease, lack of prenatal care and high

:21:51.:21:53.

rates of car accidents - but they also mirror the harsh

:21:54.:21:56.

reality of armed conflicts around the world.

:21:57.:21:59.

Soldiers wounded in wars, civilians injured by land mines

:22:00.:22:03.

and now refugees are part of the Paralympics and testament

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Arms open to real and picture taken for the US football squad, a first

:22:09.:22:25.

day off after the seven aside competition at the games. Four

:22:26.:22:29.

members of the team, from the US military. Three suffered dramatic

:22:30.:22:35.

brain injuries at wars overseas. The co-captain was injured in

:22:36.:22:40.

Afghanistan. 29-year-old Joshua dedicated a third of his life to the

:22:41.:22:46.

Army until a helicopter crash and explosions in Afghanistan took him

:22:47.:22:50.

out of action for good. There is now returning to work so I had

:22:51.:22:53.

difficulty deciding what I wanted to do after that and I found this team

:22:54.:22:57.

and I found a new purpose in life and now I get to play soccer every

:22:58.:23:03.

day. I get to meet all these great people. The US was one of several

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teams in real with athletes who were wounded in the battlefield. The

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Paralympic movement has its roots in war. Veterans from World War II

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competed in Stoke Mandeville in England in 1948, the birthplace of

:23:17.:23:22.

the games. The link to war is remembered in this international Red

:23:23.:23:29.

Cross exhibition to provoke thought and at this Swiss hospitality house.

:23:30.:23:33.

These pictures reflect the lasting impact of conflict around the world

:23:34.:23:38.

and the power of sport to help overcome the traumas and injuries of

:23:39.:23:45.

war. These athletes have had a difficult journey. This is the

:23:46.:23:48.

Paralympics response to the world's most decent crisis, the first ever

:23:49.:23:54.

refugee team. Syrian swimmer Abraham had his leg blown off in 2012 and

:23:55.:24:00.

paste the risky crossing agrees. He says 2016 has been the best year of

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his life. TRANSLATION: our presence in the Paralympic games is very,

:24:08.:24:12.

very important. It brings awareness to the refugee crisis and shows that

:24:13.:24:16.

sport can help put an end to the bloodshed. I hope that each ethnic

:24:17.:24:25.

can compete in his own flag. Tony was moved when I asked about his new

:24:26.:24:34.

role leading refugee team. I was the chef to mission of the British team

:24:35.:24:39.

and I was very proud to do that but this is on a different scale. As

:24:40.:24:46.

these athletes prepare to leave real, it is with a renewed sense of

:24:47.:24:53.

ambition. You don't just get on the couch and do the job were not happy

:24:54.:24:56.

with, we can find another direction and make our families proud.

:24:57.:25:04.

Violence has changed the course of their lives but sport is helping

:25:05.:25:05.

them move forward. Let's return to the presidential

:25:06.:25:23.

campaign. Until his Donald Trump could have been argued as being

:25:24.:25:25.

famous for his hairstyle as his success. Can I mess your hair up? I

:25:26.:25:49.

will be gentle! The answer is yes but the people in New Hampshire

:25:50.:25:53.

where I will be in one hour, I hope they'll understand! Did you say yes?

:25:54.:25:56.

Go-ahead. Temperatures or where they should be

:25:57.:26:14.

for this time of year.

:26:15.:26:16.

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