20/09/2016 World News Today


20/09/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, reporting from Washington.

:00:08.:00:09.

The headlines: A day of firsts and lasts

:00:10.:00:12.

The leaders of Canada and the UK make their debut speeches,

:00:13.:00:19.

while President Obama and Ban Ki-moon make their last,

:00:20.:00:21.

and the Secretary General didn't hold back when it came to Syria.

:00:22.:00:25.

Many groups have killed many innocents, but none more so than the

:00:26.:00:28.

I'm Lyse Doucet at the United Nations in New York,

:00:29.:00:37.

where Britain's Theresa May is due to speak within the next hour.

:00:38.:00:46.

In Europe, unrest at a migrant camp on a Greek island leads to nine

:00:47.:00:49.

people being detained and 4,000 evacuated.

:00:50.:00:54.

Hardly the Hollywood ending for this box office couple -

:00:55.:00:57.

We begin at the United Nations, where intense efforts are underway

:00:58.:01:22.

to try to salvage what is left of the ceasefire in Syria.

:01:23.:01:25.

Aid convoys have been suspended after an attack on 31 lorries

:01:26.:01:27.

Both Russia and Syria have insisted they weren't responsible.

:01:28.:01:31.

Our Correspondent James Robbins is at the UN in New York.

:01:32.:01:33.

You may find some of the images in his report distressing.

:01:34.:01:40.

Aid for Syria's most desperate attacked and destroyed.

:01:41.:01:47.

Aid workers and truck drivers killed.

:01:48.:01:53.

If the ceasefire wasn't already dead, it's hard

:01:54.:01:55.

Vital UN supplies for 78,000 people deliberately targeted.

:01:56.:01:58.

Witnesses say it was an attack from the air.

:01:59.:02:05.

This is a house full of Syrian Christians.

:02:06.:02:07.

This is where more than 20 trucks, 20 vehicles full of food.

:02:08.:02:10.

With flour, medicine, Pampers and blankets.

:02:11.:02:20.

This is full of blankets from the refugee agency.

:02:21.:02:32.

The United Nations is outraged, ordering the suspension of all

:02:33.:02:34.

convoys to protect aid workers, pointing out that only Syrian

:02:35.:02:37.

government forces and their Russian backers had the means and motive

:02:38.:02:42.

to destroy humanitarian aid for civilians in rebel held areas.

:02:43.:02:44.

But Moscow and Damascus deny any involvement,

:02:45.:02:46.

hinting the fires here mysteriously started as opposition forces

:02:47.:02:48.

It is sickening, it's disgusting and if it is proven to be

:02:49.:02:58.

deliberate, it would amount to a war crime.

:02:59.:03:02.

Our hearts go out to those who lost lives.

:03:03.:03:04.

They were selfless people bravely trying to get aid to

:03:05.:03:06.

people who so desperately needed it in Aleppo.

:03:07.:03:10.

There are many injured and the warehouses

:03:11.:03:12.

The ceasefire looks completely finished.

:03:13.:03:17.

Syrian forces declared it so resuming the bombardment of Aleppo.

:03:18.:03:21.

But all sides have breached the ceasefire.

:03:22.:03:23.

The Russians stress that the accidental US

:03:24.:03:25.

bombing of Syrian troops played its part too.

:03:26.:03:29.

Seen from the perspective of the United Nations

:03:30.:03:31.

here in New York, dedicated to peace, any sort of ceasefire,

:03:32.:03:34.

however fragile, must be better than all out war.

:03:35.:03:37.

But to fighters on the ground, it can look very different.

:03:38.:03:41.

The rebel side fear that resettlement could strip them

:03:42.:03:43.

President Assad and his Russian backers still believe that they can

:03:44.:03:48.

Still, the United States hope to salvage something.

:03:49.:03:54.

But watch John Kerry and the UN Syria envoy,

:03:55.:03:57.

and look at today's cold distance between them

:03:58.:04:00.

and Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

:04:01.:04:03.

In this diplomatic turmoil, the UN Secretary-General

:04:04.:04:05.

was unusually blunt, using his final speech to accuse

:04:06.:04:08.

Syria's government of the greatest war crimes of a very dirty war.

:04:09.:04:14.

Many groups have killed many innocents.

:04:15.:04:17.

None more so than the government of Syria.

:04:18.:04:26.

The destruction of the aid convoy, the killing of aid workers,

:04:27.:04:28.

whoever was responsible, symbolises a war in Syria that

:04:29.:04:30.

Our Chief International Correspondent, Lyse Doucet,

:04:31.:04:41.

The refugee crisis was a key focal point of the talks today. Yes, if

:04:42.:04:59.

this Syrian war is unstoppable, then the flow of Syrians fleeing for

:05:00.:05:04.

their lives in Syria will also be unstoppable into Europe. They have

:05:05.:05:08.

seen that with more than a million crossing the Mediterranean last year

:05:09.:05:13.

and hundreds of thousands Crossing this year. President Barack Obama

:05:14.:05:16.

has always said that although America is an ocean away, they want

:05:17.:05:21.

to play the role. In about an hour, his leaders Summit on refugee will

:05:22.:05:25.

begin. The Canadian Prime Minister and other leaders will be involved

:05:26.:05:29.

and we expect to hear your notes once. And Richard is the assistant

:05:30.:05:36.

Secretary for population, refugees and immigration. Have very imported

:05:37.:05:40.

meeting today. What are we expecting to hear in terms of new commitments,

:05:41.:05:45.

if there are any? Governments can only attend if they commit to do

:05:46.:05:50.

more of this year. Anything they have committed over the course of

:05:51.:05:55.

2016 points towards an invitation to the summit, but there is no free

:05:56.:05:59.

ticket to get in. You will be hearing from 49 governments today.

:06:00.:06:06.

The Secretary General of the UN and the president of the World Bank

:06:07.:06:10.

talking about what additional things they will do. We will also be

:06:11.:06:15.

hearing commitments from non-governmental organisations. $1.5

:06:16.:06:20.

billion in the next few years towards helping refugees. Around the

:06:21.:06:27.

world. The private sector will be stepping forward today also, but the

:06:28.:06:31.

book is this afternoon is on the governments and it will be a

:06:32.:06:34.

combination of governments that can give money and take refugees for

:06:35.:06:40.

resettlement, and some governments that are posted refugees for years

:06:41.:06:43.

agreeing to adopt policies to get more kids in school, to allow

:06:44.:06:48.

refugees to work and also to give refugees are firmer legal staters.

:06:49.:06:52.

That is about the global refugee crisis. Will this Syrian refugee

:06:53.:06:58.

crisis occupy an important place? Much of what is being committed

:06:59.:07:04.

today got its start in February at an important conference that the

:07:05.:07:08.

British, the Germans and others hosted in London in order to do more

:07:09.:07:15.

for Syria. Anything pledged the points towards today as well. What

:07:16.:07:19.

we have tried to do in the intervening months is raise

:07:20.:07:23.

awareness of how this global crisis affects other countries and hide

:07:24.:07:26.

these other countries also need help. Charity begins at home. The

:07:27.:07:32.

United States has taken over 20,000 refugees. Some in America say you

:07:33.:07:39.

could take up to 100,000. The goals for this year were 85,000 refugees

:07:40.:07:43.

from around the world, 10,000 Syrians. We will probably have

:07:44.:07:49.

bought 13,000 Syrians in by the end of the next couple of weeks and we

:07:50.:07:54.

will be on target to bring 85,000 refugees. In the past few weeks we

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have announced that we want to bring even more next year, a is the new

:07:58.:08:05.

target, which is quite an increase of 70,000 over the last few years.

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Well, we will wait to hear what happens. Thank you very much for

:08:10.:08:15.

joining us. Refugees are on the agenda today in one of the issues is

:08:16.:08:19.

that Canada is here saying that it has a model that works on getting

:08:20.:08:23.

individual citizens to group together to sponsor refugees. A

:08:24.:08:27.

private engagement when match with a government policy can make a lot of

:08:28.:08:32.

difference. We have been to Toronto to see how that model works in

:08:33.:08:33.

practice. After just nine months

:08:34.:08:38.

in Canada, Remus and Aya Like thousands of Syrians,

:08:39.:08:42.

this family is sponsored They clubbed together to respond

:08:43.:08:51.

to Syria's refugee crisis. So what other question

:08:52.:09:01.

word do you use? Her husband, Andrew,

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an art dealer, helps three generations of the Abdullah

:09:04.:09:05.

family with their English. It is the best way to integrate

:09:06.:09:07.

newcomers into the country, to get them connected with the city,

:09:08.:09:16.

all the things that are available, and to create that warm

:09:17.:09:19.

arrival that sets the tone for the rest of their lives in

:09:20.:09:22.

Canada. Syrian music at

:09:23.:09:29.

a picnic in the park. And a warm welcome from more

:09:30.:09:34.

of the family's Canadian sponsors. The group raised enough money

:09:35.:09:40.

to support the Abdullahs for a year. Everyone at this gathering

:09:41.:09:50.

is doing something similar. You do hear critical voices, but,

:09:51.:09:52.

for now, the public mood It is so striking just

:09:53.:09:54.

how different the mood is here compared to much of Europe,

:09:55.:10:00.

but then much about Every Syrian family here

:10:01.:10:10.

was carefully vetted and welcomed by Canadian families and there have

:10:11.:10:13.

not been the kind of attacks here which have created

:10:14.:10:16.

such fear across Europe. But, still, when you see this,

:10:17.:10:18.

you have to ask - could this kind of model be

:10:19.:10:21.

adopted somewhere else? She told me in her dreams

:10:22.:10:23.

she would go back to her old house and see the ghosts of her friend -

:10:24.:10:55.

see people with their heads cut off. Every night I feel like tomorrow

:10:56.:10:59.

I will go play, tomorrow I forget the nightmares and now

:11:00.:11:09.

everything is happy. Canada's Prime Minister wins

:11:10.:11:20.

applause for his refugee policy. London Mayor Sadiq Khan

:11:21.:11:24.

is the latest to come calling. Does Canada's response

:11:25.:11:29.

to the refugee crisis have any We know that differences

:11:30.:11:31.

are a source of strength and that is something that we have

:11:32.:11:36.

to continue to demonstrate. It means better jobs,

:11:37.:11:38.

better outcomes for our These Syrians already

:11:39.:11:40.

feel they belong here. This vast country has long made

:11:41.:11:52.

space for new citizens, but like many other places,

:11:53.:11:55.

it's asking how many more How long will this warm welcome

:11:56.:11:57.

last? So, there is a different example of

:11:58.:12:20.

how refugees are being welcomed in Canada. The situation in Canada is

:12:21.:12:26.

different. They are an ocean away from the Mediterranean and the

:12:27.:12:29.

Canadian government has been screening refugees in the camps in

:12:30.:12:34.

Jordan and Lebanon and making sure there is no possibility of the kind

:12:35.:12:38.

of attacks that we have seen in Europe and has caused such fear and

:12:39.:12:42.

poison the atmosphere when it comes to refugees. It is an interesting

:12:43.:12:46.

model. Britain has also introduced what they call a community

:12:47.:12:52.

sponsorship model drew the Church of England. We were told by the

:12:53.:12:59.

Canadians, the Canadian Ministry of refugees, have told us that 12

:13:00.:13:03.

countries have shown interest so we will see Fx gain some traction and

:13:04.:13:06.

it will be part of the discussions that will take place just behind us

:13:07.:13:11.

at the UN headquarters when this leaders summit, people getting

:13:12.:13:21.

together to try to work out what to do of this humanitarian crisis of

:13:22.:13:25.

our time, refugees are such a part of it. Not just Syrians of course,

:13:26.:13:29.

but they make up such a large number. A remarkable reunion there.

:13:30.:13:33.

Well, one of the pressure points in this crisis

:13:34.:13:37.

is the Greek island of Lesbos, a place where many migrants

:13:38.:13:39.

The situation there right now is tense.

:13:40.:13:42.

Nine migrants were arrested when a fire broke out

:13:43.:13:44.

More than 4,000 people had to be evacuated from the Moira camp.

:13:45.:13:55.

The Greek government says it is sending a ship to provide

:13:56.:13:58.

temporary accommodation and additional riot police

:13:59.:13:59.

Our correspondent Mark Lowen is on Lesbos and has this report.

:14:00.:14:04.

The fire broke out in the centre of the Moira migrant camp.

:14:05.:14:07.

You can still see some of the blackened trees

:14:08.:14:09.

But a lot of the damage has already been cleared up.

:14:10.:14:13.

Refugees and residents have returned here already but some talk

:14:14.:14:15.

about how their document and personal possessions

:14:16.:14:17.

They say that there was fighting here on Monday, it was Monday night,

:14:18.:14:22.

and different communities blame each other.

:14:23.:14:29.

What it comes down to really is the combination

:14:30.:14:31.

By many people who have been stuck here.

:14:32.:14:35.

Some of their applications for asylum have taken months to process.

:14:36.:14:37.

They feel cooped up here and without any prospect at all.

:14:38.:14:40.

They say they are lacking support from the Greek government

:14:41.:14:42.

as they are held here in no man's land.

:14:43.:14:45.

There is anger in some communities here on the island of Lesbos.

:14:46.:14:49.

There is frustration that the migrant crisis

:14:50.:14:51.

Some far right groups are exploiting the situation

:14:52.:14:54.

The fear is as the doors to the Balkans remain closed

:14:55.:15:05.

and resettling migrants in Turkey appears to have collapsed

:15:06.:15:08.

but new arrivals in Lesbos and other Greek islands as well

:15:09.:15:10.

The European migrant crisis shows no sign of going away.

:15:11.:15:19.

The father of Ahmad Khan Rahami, the suspect in the New York

:15:20.:15:23.

and New Jersey bombings, reportedly told police his son

:15:24.:15:26.

The New York Times says Mohammed Rahami contacted the FBI

:15:27.:15:33.

after his son was involved in a violent domestic dispute.

:15:34.:15:36.

The FBI looked into the matter, but Mr Rahami later

:15:37.:15:38.

A court in Finland has found five members of Cuba's national

:15:39.:15:45.

volleyball team guilty of aggravated rape.

:15:46.:15:47.

The men were given prison sentences of up to five years.

:15:48.:15:52.

A sixth member of the team was acquitted.

:15:53.:15:55.

The crime took place at a hotel during a World Volleyball

:15:56.:15:57.

A French parliamentary inquiry has recommended installing security

:15:58.:16:06.

cameras in all slaughterhouses to prevent cruelty.

:16:07.:16:08.

The panel also called on abattoirs to devise a way of stunning animals

:16:09.:16:11.

before slaughter that would be acceptable to the Muslim

:16:12.:16:13.

The Hollywood power couple Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt are set

:16:14.:16:26.

to divorce with her lawyer saying that she initiated the action.

:16:27.:16:30.

Reports from here in the US say Jolie filed

:16:31.:16:33.

the divorce papers on Monday, citing irreconcilable differences.

:16:34.:16:37.

They've been together for 12 years, and have six children.

:16:38.:16:40.

In a town full of golden couples, Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt shone

:16:41.:16:49.

Beautiful, superstar actors, epitomising the Hollywood dream.

:16:50.:16:53.

Her lawyer has released a statement saying the divorce was made

:16:54.:16:55.

They were the biggest couple in celebrity.

:16:56.:17:04.

They were just huge, on a whole different scale

:17:05.:17:06.

Of course, because of the divorce, it's going to get bigger.

:17:07.:17:13.

Last year the two played a couple whose relationship was on the rocks.

:17:14.:17:19.

I think it's a reality of marriage that you go through hard times.

:17:20.:17:22.

And, that you have to embrace those hard times and those challenges

:17:23.:17:28.

and know that's a part of your marriage and it's

:17:29.:17:31.

the pulling through together that actually makes the bond.

:17:32.:17:35.

They were together for 10 years, married for two

:17:36.:17:37.

Three of whom were adopted from Cambodia, Vietnam and Ethiopia.

:17:38.:17:46.

As a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations,

:17:47.:17:49.

Angelina became an outspoken voice for the downtrodden,

:17:50.:17:51.

campaigning to help refugees and promoting Breast Cancer

:17:52.:17:53.

In a town obsessed with celebrity this is big, big news,

:17:54.:18:01.

it's not just here, around the world millions of people are

:18:02.:18:03.

discussing this divorce, but why the fascination?

:18:04.:18:14.

I find Angelina very, very gorgeous and Brad Pitt, as well.

:18:15.:18:16.

I'm sure they have their own reasons why they're doing this.

:18:17.:18:21.

People look at them and think - they have everything.

:18:22.:18:23.

They have looks, money, they have love, they have everything, right?

:18:24.:18:30.

I have seen a few celebrities in Hollywood, they are normal

:18:31.:18:33.

people, they are like us, they go through their own

:18:34.:18:35.

People should be more concerned about their own lives.

:18:36.:18:42.

In Hollywood, the rumours swirl as rumours do.

:18:43.:18:44.

Claims of an affair, substance abuse, fights about the children,

:18:45.:18:46.

but only two people really know what Brangelina are no more.

:18:47.:18:52.

but only two people really know why Brangelina are no more.

:18:53.:18:55.

In case you're counting, there are now less than 50 days

:18:56.:19:01.

Most of the focus so far has been on Hillary Clinton

:19:02.:19:06.

and Donald Trump - two candidates who have divided

:19:07.:19:08.

But of course it's not just about personalities, but issues.

:19:09.:19:15.

All this week a BBC team is taking a train ride across several US

:19:16.:19:18.

states to listen to people's concerns.

:19:19.:19:22.

After stopping in Minneapolis, our correspondent Aleem Maqbool

:19:23.:19:24.

That's where he's been speaking to people about abortion,

:19:25.:19:30.

an issue which both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump have very

:19:31.:19:33.

We are here in Fargo to talk about what continues to be

:19:34.:19:41.

an incredibly contentious topic, one where it doesn't just matter

:19:42.:19:45.

who is in the White House, but who they then choose to serve

:19:46.:19:48.

in the Supreme Court to make the laws -

:19:49.:19:50.

Once a week, the day abortions happen, protesters gather

:19:51.:19:55.

outside this clinic - the only abortion clinic

:19:56.:19:58.

This is the civil rights issue of our day because it has to do

:19:59.:20:08.

with the death of innocent human persons that is legal

:20:09.:20:11.

All of the other liberties that we have in life,

:20:12.:20:16.

all of the other things mean nothing to a dead person, do they?

:20:17.:20:22.

Every time one of the patients turned up, the anti-abortion

:20:23.:20:24.

protesters followed and intimidated her,

:20:25.:20:26.

It is hard because by the time they get here their minds

:20:27.:20:32.

are pretty much made up, so it is kind of a last-ditch

:20:33.:20:35.

effort, but if maybe we can even offer them a kind word or a smile

:20:36.:20:39.

Those in the blue vests are volunteers who come out

:20:40.:20:44.

to protect the patients from harassment.

:20:45.:20:48.

The surgery has come at risk of closure from local politicians,

:20:49.:20:51.

but that threat has been averted for now, but when the political risk

:20:52.:20:55.

to abortion clinics recedes locally and nationally,

:20:56.:20:59.

anti-abortionists resort to other measures.

:21:00.:21:09.

The protester activity has really stepped up in the last few years,

:21:10.:21:12.

There is more intimidation, harassment at clinics

:21:13.:21:15.

and so the violence level has pumped up.

:21:16.:21:17.

Some advocates for a woman's right to choose whether

:21:18.:21:19.

they have an abortion, like Tammy, say the levels of

:21:20.:21:22.

provision and the number of clinics now are greatly inadequate.

:21:23.:21:27.

North Dakota only has one clinic and we are located on the far

:21:28.:21:30.

eastern border of North Dakota, but we also serve a tri-state area.

:21:31.:21:33.

We serve North Dakota, parts of South Dakota

:21:34.:21:35.

And those kinds of distances are already stopping

:21:36.:21:41.

some from coming here, but that doesn't mean

:21:42.:21:43.

If a person doesn't want to give birth, they are not going to.

:21:44.:21:52.

I mean, there are the obvious, what they did in the 80s with coat

:21:53.:21:59.

Do you know of others who have had abortions that way,

:22:00.:22:03.

Given the differences between the two candidates,

:22:04.:22:09.

abortion is one of those topics where the choice

:22:10.:22:11.

America makes in November could have a profound impact.

:22:12.:22:20.

You can find out more about Aleem's train trip

:22:21.:22:23.

across the Northern United States on our website.

:22:24.:22:25.

Tomorrow, Aleem will be in Montana as the team tries to reach one

:22:26.:22:29.

of America's decreasing number of glaciers.

:22:30.:22:38.

He might be an heir to the British throne,

:22:39.:22:40.

but for now Prince William has a job, working as an air ambulance

:22:41.:22:43.

He's been speaking to the BBC about his role.

:22:44.:22:49.

He said there were some "sad, dark moments", but that he loved

:22:50.:22:52.

Our Royal Correspondent Nicholas Witchell has more.

:22:53.:22:59.

His role is to serve, eventually as King, but for now

:23:00.:23:02.

the role William appears to relish most is the one he chose for himself

:23:03.:23:07.

- piloting a helicopter to for the East Anglian Air

:23:08.:23:09.

That's something that my other job doesn't necessarily do,

:23:10.:23:16.

you're more out there on your own a little bit.

:23:17.:23:19.

When I put my air ambulance hat on, and I come here and I fly,

:23:20.:23:22.

At the end of the day, feel like I've made a difference

:23:23.:23:28.

It's more than a year now since William joined

:23:29.:23:31.

There have been scores of call-outs to accidents and emergencies

:23:32.:23:35.

and to scenes which have often been distressing.

:23:36.:23:38.

There are some very sad, dark moments and, you know,

:23:39.:23:41.

we talk about it a lot, but it's hard.

:23:42.:23:43.

You know, you try not to take it away with you,

:23:44.:23:46.

But for all the sad moments, there's also the satisfaction

:23:47.:23:51.

of working as part of a team which is saving life.

:23:52.:23:56.

The one job that I feel the most proud about,

:23:57.:23:58.

that we made the most difference, was probably a job very early

:23:59.:24:01.

We immediately realised it was a very serious

:24:02.:24:06.

The two occupants of the van, uncle and nephew, and, very sadly,

:24:07.:24:10.

the uncle didn't make it, but the nephew did.

:24:11.:24:12.

I think I like broke every bone in my body, pretty much.

:24:13.:24:20.

My legs were, like, shattered so they put all medal rods down them

:24:21.:24:24.

and then I had to learn to walk again.

:24:25.:24:31.

I'm really grateful for getting me through and it and getting me out

:24:32.:24:34.

Having seen how bad he was and seeing where he is now,

:24:35.:24:41.

that does make you realise that this, and the stuff

:24:42.:24:44.

He is William Wales, the pilot Prince, augmenting

:24:45.:24:51.

his special birthright with the added validity of a job,

:24:52.:24:53.

focused on the challenges and comfortable with

:24:54.:24:55.

When I first got here, it was very polite.

:24:56.:25:02.

It's now got a lot worse as they got to know me and their

:25:03.:25:06.

I've got worse nicknames as I've gone up the ladder.

:25:07.:25:09.

If I wasn't doing this job, what I would be doing?

:25:10.:25:12.

Ban Ki-Moon has blamed the Syrian government for the majority of

:25:13.:25:24.

civilian deaths during the country's five-year civil war.

:25:25.:25:29.

His stinging criticism at the opening of the UN

:25:30.:25:31.

General Assembly came after the UN was forced to suspend aid

:25:32.:25:34.

deliveries, following Monday's air strike on a humanitarian convoy.

:25:35.:25:38.

The Russian Defence Ministry said that neither Russian nor Syrian

:25:39.:25:41.

aircraft were involved, a denial echoed by

:25:42.:25:42.

Next the weather, but for now, from me, Rajini Vaidyanathan,

:25:43.:26:11.

This quiet, benign spell of weather continues, but

:26:12.:26:12.

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