26/09/2016 World News Today


26/09/2016

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Trump versus Clinton - the first televised TV showdown

:00:08.:00:13.

face to face between the two US presidential candidates gets

:00:14.:00:16.

The stakes couldn't be higher - the prize couldn't be greater.

:00:17.:00:20.

Will either Clinton or Trump inflict real damage on the other?

:00:21.:00:23.

I'm Lyse Doucet live in Cartagena in the north of Colombia,

:00:24.:00:34.

where a historic peace deal will be signed in a few hours

:00:35.:00:38.

to bring about an end to more than 50 years of conflict.

:00:39.:00:41.

The UN says conditions in Aleppo have reached new heights of horror.

:00:42.:00:46.

We have a rare insider's account of life

:00:47.:00:48.

Like a born champion he made no mistake.

:00:49.:01:06.

And President Obama calls him the King.

:01:07.:01:09.

We remember the legendary golfer Arnold Palmer -

:01:10.:01:11.

Hard to exaggerate the attention it's getting - or its importance.

:01:12.:01:28.

When Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump go head to head

:01:29.:01:31.

in a few hours from now, in the first of the US

:01:32.:01:34.

Presidential TV debates, just about anything could happen.

:01:35.:01:36.

Donald Trump was as rude as he was brutal in the Republican

:01:37.:01:39.

debates, so the question is - will Hillary Clinton allow him

:01:40.:01:41.

90 minutes, where he could be exposed on detail.

:01:42.:01:46.

It's guaranteed to have a massive audience and every question

:01:47.:01:49.

With a look at what to expect, here's Barbara Plett-Usher.

:01:50.:01:52.

For the first time since the primaries, the candidates

:01:53.:01:54.

But now, facing off against each other.

:01:55.:01:58.

It will be one of their last chance to alter the course of the race,

:01:59.:02:01.

Presidential debates can brand candidates as winners or losers.

:02:02.:02:08.

Remember John F Kennedy's breezy, youthful glamour

:02:09.:02:11.

against Richard Nixon's sweaty five o'clock shadow.

:02:12.:02:14.

Or Ronald Reagan's simple good-natured style against Jimmy

:02:15.:02:17.

With the shock value of reality TV star Donald Trump, this time

:02:18.:02:28.

the presidential debate is on course to be the most watched

:02:29.:02:31.

Voters have seen Mr Trump belittle his male opponents.

:02:32.:02:39.

But that bullying style could backfire with

:02:40.:02:40.

So far though, he hasn't been holding back.

:02:41.:02:47.

If Hillary Clinton were a man, I don't think

:02:48.:02:50.

If affordable child care is playing the woman card, then deal me in.

:02:51.:02:58.

This is Hillary Clinton's comfort zone.

:02:59.:03:00.

She's an experienced, competitive debater, super prepared.

:03:01.:03:04.

She'll be trying to rattle Mr Trump, get under his skin.

:03:05.:03:07.

He, on the other hand, much prefers 140 characters.

:03:08.:03:11.

But can he stay focused for 90 minutes of substantive questions?

:03:12.:03:15.

Up until now, the two candidates have been judged

:03:16.:03:19.

So could he win simply by doing nothing outrageous,

:03:20.:03:25.

while Mrs Clinton would have to put in the most polished

:03:26.:03:30.

Millions of Americans will be tuning in to find out.

:03:31.:03:37.

Kim Ghattas is in our New York studio.

:03:38.:03:44.

Hearing predictions about a Super Bowl sized audience, this promises

:03:45.:03:54.

to be quite an event. Yes, this will be a national gathering around TV

:03:55.:03:57.

sets around the country, there will be hundreds of what parties by

:03:58.:04:04.

different campaigns. This will be a highly anticipated event, the most

:04:05.:04:09.

anticipated in American political history. Three out of four Americans

:04:10.:04:16.

have said they will watch, around 100 million people and add the

:04:17.:04:20.

millions of people tuning in and around the world because a US

:04:21.:04:25.

election has ripple effects around the world. The key question is what

:04:26.:04:30.

to expect and it will be unpredictable because we don't know

:04:31.:04:34.

what style or personality doubled from will bring to the stage, will

:04:35.:04:40.

he be his usual unpredictable self shooting from the hip trying to

:04:41.:04:44.

rattle his opponent, belittle her the way he did in the republican

:04:45.:04:50.

debates, or will he try to lay low to prove he can be presidential and

:04:51.:04:57.

stay focused on the substance. He hasn't given many policy details so

:04:58.:05:02.

far in this campaign. Then on Hillary Clinton's side, as we just

:05:03.:05:08.

heard there, the bar is quite high because she needs to show not just

:05:09.:05:14.

that she is a policy wonk with experience but she has to sweat me

:05:15.:05:20.

and decided voters who are still out there, especially at this moment

:05:21.:05:24.

when the polls are tightening and some polls showed Donald Trump in

:05:25.:05:29.

the lead. She has to do what no one has done before, which is win in a

:05:30.:05:35.

debate against Donald Trump. He had 12 debates with his Republican

:05:36.:05:40.

opponents and came out on top at the end. Thank you, Kim.

:05:41.:05:43.

You can watch full coverage of that first Presidential debate

:05:44.:05:47.

It's taking place this Monday evening

:05:48.:05:50.

in the States - that's 0100 GMT on Tuesday.

:05:51.:05:52.

And do have a look at the BBC website, for analysis

:05:53.:05:55.

of the election from our correspondents and editors reporting

:05:56.:05:57.

The conflict between the Colombian government and FARC rebels has

:05:58.:06:05.

lasted more than 50 years, cost more than a quarter

:06:06.:06:09.

of a million lives, and led to the displacement of millions.

:06:10.:06:12.

But in just a few hours' time, that civil war will officially come

:06:13.:06:15.

to an end when a peace deal is signed in the city of Cartagena.

:06:16.:06:19.

Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet is there.

:06:20.:06:27.

What they wrote it has been to get to this point. What a road, a very

:06:28.:06:38.

violent road. Columbia has long been a byword for the worst of atrocities

:06:39.:06:45.

and now here in the old city of Cartagena in the north of Colombia,

:06:46.:06:49.

history will be made, ending a 52 year war. They are saying here it is

:06:50.:06:56.

the end of the Cold War. The FARC thriller movement established in

:06:57.:07:02.

1954, the last of the movements inspired by Che Guevara, and the

:07:03.:07:06.

Colombian government signing a peace deal with a pen made from a bullet

:07:07.:07:14.

from that work which left many tens of thousands dead, kidnapped and

:07:15.:07:18.

disappeared, but making peace with FARC has left Columbia polarised as

:07:19.:07:22.

too many think they are paying too high a price and FARC is getting

:07:23.:07:28.

away with its crimes. In the moment we will speak with one of the

:07:29.:07:33.

negotiators but first let's look at our report on the mood in Colombia.

:07:34.:07:37.

There has been a lifetime of an ugly war in the pristine mountains

:07:38.:07:41.

Some of the worst atrocities took place here, and the scars remain.

:07:42.:07:48.

And people can't forget the brutality of the FARC.

:07:49.:07:50.

This woman's family fled the fighting, like

:07:51.:07:52.

"They would recruit not just men but women too," she says.

:07:53.:08:00.

"We were all afraid we would be killed.

:08:01.:08:02.

They would make you cook for them and then kill you."

:08:03.:08:07.

FARC murdered his two brothers, but he is ready to make peace now.

:08:08.:08:19.

"We will eradicate a brand name," he says, "for terrorism,

:08:20.:08:22.

I went to meet the deal's chief architect, the President,

:08:23.:08:31.

This is the last conflict in the western hemisphere.

:08:32.:08:40.

The oldest, the cruellest, the Cold War is really ending

:08:41.:08:44.

on Monday when the agreement is signed, so it has

:08:45.:08:50.

Not yet, until it is approved, not until the second you get a yes.

:08:51.:08:56.

I am absolutely sure that it will be approved.

:08:57.:09:01.

Everyone, including FARC, wants this war to end, but at what price?

:09:02.:09:05.

The fighters are to give up their guns and criminal activity,

:09:06.:09:09.

They will become a political party and face a special tribunal

:09:10.:09:15.

The critics say they are getting away with it.

:09:16.:09:21.

My instructions to negotiators were, you go and seek the maximum justice

:09:22.:09:26.

This deal promises Colombians a better future.

:09:27.:09:37.

And in Bogota's main square, we heard worry

:09:38.:09:44.

TRANSLATION: These people putting down their guns,

:09:45.:09:47.

all they have ever done is extort money, commit crimes.

:09:48.:09:51.

President Santos told us this is the best chance to peace

:09:52.:09:58.

Do you have a plan B if the people of Colombia vote no

:09:59.:10:09.

We will go back six years and continue the war

:10:10.:10:14.

The campaigns to vote "si", yes, or no, intensifies.

:10:15.:10:21.

If the polls are to be believed, a majority believe this deal

:10:22.:10:25.

is the best chance to end the war, even if peace will be just as hard.

:10:26.:10:41.

Years of negotiations took place in Cuba and other capitals in this

:10:42.:10:47.

region and also years of secret talks. Norway and Cuba were involved

:10:48.:10:55.

and advice came from individual mediators including Jonathan Powell,

:10:56.:11:01.

the chief negotiator of the Northern Ireland peace deal, who advised

:11:02.:11:05.

President Santos and is now trying to work on Syria. Explain to us how

:11:06.:11:10.

important this achievement is. This is a major achievement, 250,000

:11:11.:11:18.

dead, tens of millions displaced, the last gorilla war in Latin

:11:19.:11:23.

America. What is it about this one that has succeeded? We see very few

:11:24.:11:29.

peace deal signed around the world. You usually get to agreement where

:11:30.:11:34.

there is a mutually hurting stalemate when both sides cannot win

:11:35.:11:40.

and the Defence Minister and president hit FARC hard, so both

:11:41.:11:43.

sides were prepared to come to agreement. President Santos played a

:11:44.:11:49.

big political price for this and has succeeded. He said he had been

:11:50.:11:56.

struck an IRA bomb when he was in London decades ago and took advice

:11:57.:12:01.

from you. What are the lessons from Northern Ireland you brought here

:12:02.:12:06.

that work? One important thing he did was learn lessons from failed

:12:07.:12:12.

processes in the past, a process ten or 15 years ago which field, they

:12:13.:12:18.

had an agenda with 100 points and it was not serious, and they learned

:12:19.:12:22.

from Northern Ireland. We had experts who had experience in the

:12:23.:12:27.

Middle East and South Africa and they brought in together to learn

:12:28.:12:32.

lessons and apply them here and one important one was firm foundations

:12:33.:12:36.

for the negotiation. They had one year where they drew up an agenda

:12:37.:12:41.

with only five points to talk to them about, and because of that he

:12:42.:12:45.

succeeded. Do you think it will stick? It would be difficult, he has

:12:46.:12:53.

to win a referendum like we did in Northern Ireland and that was touch

:12:54.:12:58.

and go, and then he has to implement the agreement. Two thirds of

:12:59.:13:02.

agreements failed during implementation and this one will be

:13:03.:13:08.

hard, this is a violent country geographically challenged so making

:13:09.:13:12.

this happen will be difficult but I think it will work. And from here

:13:13.:13:17.

you will go on to discussions about Syria, it is tragic to see Syria in

:13:18.:13:23.

five years has more dead than Colombia in 50 years, so with there

:13:24.:13:27.

be any lessons from this process for those struggling to get people to

:13:28.:13:33.

the table in Syria? I think there are, people can look here and see

:13:34.:13:38.

you can succeed. That may be some way off in Syria where we look at

:13:39.:13:44.

the tragedy in Aleppo but even that conflict will end in the

:13:45.:13:48.

negotiation, we know that when we looked around the world and we have

:13:49.:13:53.

to work towards getting to that peaceful outcome and I hope it comes

:13:54.:13:56.

soon for the good of people in Syria. In that conflict and this

:13:57.:14:03.

one, one problem is how to achieve the balance between peace and

:14:04.:14:08.

justice. Critics say President Santos is letting FARC get away with

:14:09.:14:13.

their crimes. You have to strike a balance. In Northern Ireland we let

:14:14.:14:18.

IRA terrorists out of jail after just two years, even murderers, and

:14:19.:14:24.

most agreements and in amnesty for terrorists. This is the first time

:14:25.:14:30.

it hasn't ended that way because of the International Criminal Court,

:14:31.:14:34.

you cannot just let people go, there has to be justice and they have

:14:35.:14:38.

struck a balance between justice for the victims and making sure there

:14:39.:14:45.

will be no victims, because if you were a pure rest on the justice side

:14:46.:14:48.

there will be more people dying. If you say to wait terrorist leader you

:14:49.:14:52.

have to sign this and go to jail, they will not sign that, but I think

:14:53.:14:58.

they have the balance here. And having got FARC to agree, can they

:14:59.:15:03.

be trusted? You only trust people as far as the implement what they have

:15:04.:15:08.

and a piece of paper does not make you trust each other any more, it is

:15:09.:15:14.

only when you do the things you have said that trust is built. If you

:15:15.:15:18.

look at that FARC convention last week, it looks like there are

:15:19.:15:22.

serious, they want to be a civil party and it looks like this is the

:15:23.:15:27.

end of the last civil war in Latin America. Jonathan Powell, thank you

:15:28.:15:33.

for joining us here, dressed in white as all the guests from around

:15:34.:15:38.

the world have been asked to do, including Presidents and prime

:15:39.:15:42.

ministers including Secretary of State John Kerry, who will be

:15:43.:15:46.

watching as he has struggled to make process in Syria, but for Colombians

:15:47.:15:52.

who support this process, it is a day to celebrate. That is all from

:15:53.:15:54.

us here in Cartagena. And of course we will have live

:15:55.:15:56.

coverage of that signing in a few hours' time,

:15:57.:15:58.

and to find out more, There's in-depth coverage there,

:15:59.:16:01.

including a page all about the FARC - the origins

:16:02.:16:05.

of the group, what they fought for and what brought them

:16:06.:16:08.

to the negotiating table. Russia is warning the chances

:16:09.:16:11.

for peace in Syria could be undermined by British

:16:12.:16:14.

and American claims Moscow has committed war crimes

:16:15.:16:16.

in the northern city of Aleppo. The BBC's Panorama has

:16:17.:16:21.

been following the lives This report from Quentin Somerville

:16:22.:16:23.

contains - from the start - Aleppo has never been

:16:24.:16:28.

more overwhelmed. At the hospital the wounded

:16:29.:16:36.

lie in hospitals. They are fast running out

:16:37.:16:39.

of medical supplies. Four days of relentless Russian

:16:40.:16:44.

and Syrian bombing of The bombs are bigger and the air

:16:45.:16:46.

raids more intensive now. 61 children were admitted to city

:16:47.:16:55.

hospitals overnight. In one, five died at the weekend

:16:56.:16:58.

because there were no ventilators. The BBC's Panorama has been

:16:59.:17:05.

following Ismail, a rescue worker. The regime dropped two

:17:06.:17:12.

barrel bombs here. Aleppo has had no time

:17:13.:17:18.

to catch its breath and here there is no

:17:19.:17:37.

time to grieve. Sometimes I get the feeling I am

:17:38.:17:40.

living the last days of my life. Aleppo is burning without any

:17:41.:17:59.

mercy, killing everything. Armageddon, apocalypse -

:18:00.:18:05.

strong words are being used But sometimes it's the quietest

:18:06.:18:09.

moments that reflect Mohammed calls for his

:18:10.:18:14.

son Husan. The family moved

:18:15.:18:33.

here five years ago. They never thought it

:18:34.:18:53.

would end like this. But then who could have

:18:54.:18:55.

predicted Aleppo's horrors? The full panorama programme is on

:18:56.:19:24.

here tonight at 8:30pm. It is also on on Saturday 1st of October at 930

:19:25.:19:26.

GMT. If you miss that then it'll be

:19:27.:19:29.

on again on Sunday second October Humanitarian aid has finally reached

:19:30.:19:32.

four besieged areas in Syria that have received nothing

:19:33.:19:36.

for six months. The International Committee

:19:37.:19:37.

of the Red Cross said convoys delivered food and medical supplies

:19:38.:19:39.

for 60,000 people to towns near Damascus and villages

:19:40.:19:41.

in the Idlib province. Last week, the UN suspended aid

:19:42.:19:43.

deliveries across Syria for 48 hours Now a look at some of

:19:44.:19:46.

the day's other news. The French President has said

:19:47.:19:54.

he intends to close the sprawling "Jungle" migrant camp in Calais

:19:55.:19:58.

by the end of this year under a plan to spread asylum

:19:59.:20:00.

seekers around the country. Anyone not given asylum

:20:01.:20:03.

in France will be deported. During a visit to the port

:20:04.:20:05.

in Northern France, Francois Hollande has urged Britain

:20:06.:20:07.

to play its part in tackling He said Britain's vote to leave

:20:08.:20:10.

the European Union did not absolve Police in the US state of Texas say

:20:11.:20:14.

nine people have been injured in a shooting near a shopping centre

:20:15.:20:19.

in the city of Houston. The police say they shot and killed

:20:20.:20:23.

the suspect, describing him Police say no-one else was thought

:20:24.:20:26.

to be involved. Police investigating

:20:27.:20:40.

the disappearance of the toddler Ben Needham, who vanished 25 years

:20:41.:20:41.

ago, have begun excavation work at a Ben was 21 months old

:20:42.:20:45.

when he was last seen, and officers believe he may have

:20:46.:20:49.

been accidentally run over Behind blue and white

:20:50.:20:51.

British police tape, a corner of a Greek island

:20:52.:20:57.

is cordoned off. This is the house where Ben Needham

:20:58.:21:01.

was last seen alive. Officers now believe he could have

:21:02.:21:04.

been accidentally run over and buried by a bulldozer

:21:05.:21:08.

here on the day he vanished in 1991. It's got to be said,

:21:09.:21:13.

I'm optimistic that we may find something of significance that's

:21:14.:21:16.

going to assist us in giving The senior officer here is hopeful

:21:17.:21:18.

that this mystery could finally be Every item that we find

:21:19.:21:24.

is going to be meticulously looked at, and made sure

:21:25.:21:32.

that it is either something The earth is going to be lifted,

:21:33.:21:34.

it's going to be gone through in finite detail,

:21:35.:21:38.

just to make sure that we Ben Needham was 21 months

:21:39.:21:41.

old when he vanished in Kos. His family has always believed

:21:42.:21:45.

he was abducted and is still alive. But his family has now been told

:21:46.:21:50.

to prepare for the worst. Specialist officers are expected

:21:51.:21:56.

to dig in this olive grove and an adjoining

:21:57.:21:59.

field for up to 12 days, looking for any trace of the little

:22:00.:22:01.

boy last seen playing outside this Another search here four years ago

:22:02.:22:04.

brought his traumatised mother I will never give up,

:22:05.:22:12.

and we will do whatever it takes to find Ben,

:22:13.:22:18.

and let him know And if nothing is found here,

:22:19.:22:22.

Ben Needham's family will forever be wondering what happened

:22:23.:22:31.

to their little boy. The tribute from Jack

:22:32.:22:34.

Nicklaus couldn't have been simpler or warmer -

:22:35.:22:41.

"He was the King of our sport He was talking about Arnold Palmer,

:22:42.:22:44.

who's died at the age of 87. In a sparkling career,

:22:45.:22:49.

he won over 90 tournaments, Adrian Hobart looks back on a career

:22:50.:22:51.

that included so much more Not many sportsmen truly justify

:22:52.:22:55.

a nickname as grand as The King. But for Arnold Palmer,

:22:56.:23:03.

the accolade was entirely apt. His attacking style of golf

:23:04.:23:06.

and genuinely warm personality made both a sporting and cultural impact

:23:07.:23:10.

across the United States in the late 1950s, when television began

:23:11.:23:13.

to draw big audiences. But more than that,

:23:14.:23:19.

he loved the game of golf. I always say one thing -

:23:20.:23:23.

that if I can teach a young man coming along, and I've seen a lot

:23:24.:23:27.

of them, I can go back to Nicklaus and others,

:23:28.:23:32.

if I can teach them to leave the game better when they leave than

:23:33.:23:38.

they found it when they arrived, His success on the course started

:23:39.:23:41.

in the 1958 Masters. And he would go on to win seven

:23:42.:23:47.

Majors in seven years, often going down the stretch

:23:48.:23:55.

with his great rival Nicklaus describes Palmer

:23:56.:23:57.

as an icon, a legend, a pioneer. He showed his entrepreneurial side

:23:58.:24:02.

as he teamed up with lawyer Mark MacCormack to form

:24:03.:24:05.

the marketing company IMG, that paved the way for future

:24:06.:24:07.

generations to reap huge rewards Every player that's here

:24:08.:24:10.

that plays on Tour... I mean, he did so much for the game

:24:11.:24:15.

of golf at a time when golf I mean, he leaves a legacy that

:24:16.:24:21.

nobody else in any other sport, I think he has left the biggest

:24:22.:24:27.

legacy of any sports star. Palmer's patronage of

:24:28.:24:34.

the Open Championship in Britain And he encouraged more

:24:35.:24:36.

of his compatriots to fly the Atlantic to play

:24:37.:24:41.

the oldest Major Championship. Having a connection

:24:42.:24:46.

with fans was key. He made sure every autograph

:24:47.:24:48.

was legible. He actually disliked

:24:49.:24:51.

being known as The King. His genial nature and love

:24:52.:24:54.

of the sport saw him play "I'm not interested in being

:24:55.:24:57.

a hero", he once said, Speedy sausage dogs have been

:24:58.:25:06.

entertaining crowds at Melbourne's annual Dachshund Race.

:25:07.:25:21.

The charity event sees the animals compete on a 15-metre track

:25:22.:25:23.

in their smart black The canine competitors showed

:25:24.:25:25.

off their creative outfits, with one resembling a cowboy

:25:26.:25:28.

and another dressed as a tank. One of the sausage dogs could even

:25:29.:25:35.

be seen sporting the traditional Australian red and yellow

:25:36.:25:42.

lifeguard uniform. Some good strokes going on well as

:25:43.:25:51.

well. I know my sausage dog could have given some have run for their

:25:52.:25:53.

money. If you want to get in touch with us

:25:54.:25:53.

here at BBC World News, Thank you for being with the

:25:54.:26:02.

programme

:26:03.:26:03.

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