26/09/2016 World News Today


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Trump versus Clinton - the first televised TV showdown


face to face between the two US presidential candidates gets


The stakes couldn't be higher - the prize couldn't be greater.


Will either Clinton or Trump inflict real damage on the other?


I'm Lyse Doucet live in Cartagena in the north of Colombia,


where a historic peace deal will be signed in a few hours


to bring about an end to more than 50 years of conflict.


The UN says conditions in Aleppo have reached new heights of horror.


We have a rare insider's account of life


Like a born champion he made no mistake.


And President Obama calls him the King.


We remember the legendary golfer Arnold Palmer -


Hard to exaggerate the attention it's getting - or its importance.


When Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump go head to head


in a few hours from now, in the first of the US


Presidential TV debates, just about anything could happen.


Donald Trump was as rude as he was brutal in the Republican


debates, so the question is - will Hillary Clinton allow him


90 minutes, where he could be exposed on detail.


It's guaranteed to have a massive audience and every question


With a look at what to expect, here's Barbara Plett-Usher.


For the first time since the primaries, the candidates


But now, facing off against each other.


It will be one of their last chance to alter the course of the race,


Presidential debates can brand candidates as winners or losers.


Remember John F Kennedy's breezy, youthful glamour


against Richard Nixon's sweaty five o'clock shadow.


Or Ronald Reagan's simple good-natured style against Jimmy


With the shock value of reality TV star Donald Trump, this time


the presidential debate is on course to be the most watched


Voters have seen Mr Trump belittle his male opponents.


But that bullying style could backfire with


So far though, he hasn't been holding back.


If Hillary Clinton were a man, I don't think


If affordable child care is playing the woman card, then deal me in.


This is Hillary Clinton's comfort zone.


She's an experienced, competitive debater, super prepared.


She'll be trying to rattle Mr Trump, get under his skin.


He, on the other hand, much prefers 140 characters.


But can he stay focused for 90 minutes of substantive questions?


Up until now, the two candidates have been judged


So could he win simply by doing nothing outrageous,


while Mrs Clinton would have to put in the most polished


Millions of Americans will be tuning in to find out.


Kim Ghattas is in our New York studio.


Hearing predictions about a Super Bowl sized audience, this promises


to be quite an event. Yes, this will be a national gathering around TV


sets around the country, there will be hundreds of what parties by


different campaigns. This will be a highly anticipated event, the most


anticipated in American political history. Three out of four Americans


have said they will watch, around 100 million people and add the


millions of people tuning in and around the world because a US


election has ripple effects around the world. The key question is what


to expect and it will be unpredictable because we don't know


what style or personality doubled from will bring to the stage, will


he be his usual unpredictable self shooting from the hip trying to


rattle his opponent, belittle her the way he did in the republican


debates, or will he try to lay low to prove he can be presidential and


stay focused on the substance. He hasn't given many policy details so


far in this campaign. Then on Hillary Clinton's side, as we just


heard there, the bar is quite high because she needs to show not just


that she is a policy wonk with experience but she has to sweat me


and decided voters who are still out there, especially at this moment


when the polls are tightening and some polls showed Donald Trump in


the lead. She has to do what no one has done before, which is win in a


debate against Donald Trump. He had 12 debates with his Republican


opponents and came out on top at the end. Thank you, Kim.


You can watch full coverage of that first Presidential debate


It's taking place this Monday evening


in the States - that's 0100 GMT on Tuesday.


And do have a look at the BBC website, for analysis


of the election from our correspondents and editors reporting


The conflict between the Colombian government and FARC rebels has


lasted more than 50 years, cost more than a quarter


of a million lives, and led to the displacement of millions.


But in just a few hours' time, that civil war will officially come


to an end when a peace deal is signed in the city of Cartagena.


Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet is there.


What they wrote it has been to get to this point. What a road, a very


violent road. Columbia has long been a byword for the worst of atrocities


and now here in the old city of Cartagena in the north of Colombia,


history will be made, ending a 52 year war. They are saying here it is


the end of the Cold War. The FARC thriller movement established in


1954, the last of the movements inspired by Che Guevara, and the


Colombian government signing a peace deal with a pen made from a bullet


from that work which left many tens of thousands dead, kidnapped and


disappeared, but making peace with FARC has left Columbia polarised as


too many think they are paying too high a price and FARC is getting


away with its crimes. In the moment we will speak with one of the


negotiators but first let's look at our report on the mood in Colombia.


There has been a lifetime of an ugly war in the pristine mountains


Some of the worst atrocities took place here, and the scars remain.


And people can't forget the brutality of the FARC.


This woman's family fled the fighting, like


"They would recruit not just men but women too," she says.


"We were all afraid we would be killed.


They would make you cook for them and then kill you."


FARC murdered his two brothers, but he is ready to make peace now.


"We will eradicate a brand name," he says, "for terrorism,


I went to meet the deal's chief architect, the President,


This is the last conflict in the western hemisphere.


The oldest, the cruellest, the Cold War is really ending


on Monday when the agreement is signed, so it has


Not yet, until it is approved, not until the second you get a yes.


I am absolutely sure that it will be approved.


Everyone, including FARC, wants this war to end, but at what price?


The fighters are to give up their guns and criminal activity,


They will become a political party and face a special tribunal


The critics say they are getting away with it.


My instructions to negotiators were, you go and seek the maximum justice


This deal promises Colombians a better future.


And in Bogota's main square, we heard worry


TRANSLATION: These people putting down their guns,


all they have ever done is extort money, commit crimes.


President Santos told us this is the best chance to peace


Do you have a plan B if the people of Colombia vote no


We will go back six years and continue the war


The campaigns to vote "si", yes, or no, intensifies.


If the polls are to be believed, a majority believe this deal


is the best chance to end the war, even if peace will be just as hard.


Years of negotiations took place in Cuba and other capitals in this


region and also years of secret talks. Norway and Cuba were involved


and advice came from individual mediators including Jonathan Powell,


the chief negotiator of the Northern Ireland peace deal, who advised


President Santos and is now trying to work on Syria. Explain to us how


important this achievement is. This is a major achievement, 250,000


dead, tens of millions displaced, the last gorilla war in Latin


America. What is it about this one that has succeeded? We see very few


peace deal signed around the world. You usually get to agreement where


there is a mutually hurting stalemate when both sides cannot win


and the Defence Minister and president hit FARC hard, so both


sides were prepared to come to agreement. President Santos played a


big political price for this and has succeeded. He said he had been


struck an IRA bomb when he was in London decades ago and took advice


from you. What are the lessons from Northern Ireland you brought here


that work? One important thing he did was learn lessons from failed


processes in the past, a process ten or 15 years ago which field, they


had an agenda with 100 points and it was not serious, and they learned


from Northern Ireland. We had experts who had experience in the


Middle East and South Africa and they brought in together to learn


lessons and apply them here and one important one was firm foundations


for the negotiation. They had one year where they drew up an agenda


with only five points to talk to them about, and because of that he


succeeded. Do you think it will stick? It would be difficult, he has


to win a referendum like we did in Northern Ireland and that was touch


and go, and then he has to implement the agreement. Two thirds of


agreements failed during implementation and this one will be


hard, this is a violent country geographically challenged so making


this happen will be difficult but I think it will work. And from here


you will go on to discussions about Syria, it is tragic to see Syria in


five years has more dead than Colombia in 50 years, so with there


be any lessons from this process for those struggling to get people to


the table in Syria? I think there are, people can look here and see


you can succeed. That may be some way off in Syria where we look at


the tragedy in Aleppo but even that conflict will end in the


negotiation, we know that when we looked around the world and we have


to work towards getting to that peaceful outcome and I hope it comes


soon for the good of people in Syria. In that conflict and this


one, one problem is how to achieve the balance between peace and


justice. Critics say President Santos is letting FARC get away with


their crimes. You have to strike a balance. In Northern Ireland we let


IRA terrorists out of jail after just two years, even murderers, and


most agreements and in amnesty for terrorists. This is the first time


it hasn't ended that way because of the International Criminal Court,


you cannot just let people go, there has to be justice and they have


struck a balance between justice for the victims and making sure there


will be no victims, because if you were a pure rest on the justice side


there will be more people dying. If you say to wait terrorist leader you


have to sign this and go to jail, they will not sign that, but I think


they have the balance here. And having got FARC to agree, can they


be trusted? You only trust people as far as the implement what they have


and a piece of paper does not make you trust each other any more, it is


only when you do the things you have said that trust is built. If you


look at that FARC convention last week, it looks like there are


serious, they want to be a civil party and it looks like this is the


end of the last civil war in Latin America. Jonathan Powell, thank you


for joining us here, dressed in white as all the guests from around


the world have been asked to do, including Presidents and prime


ministers including Secretary of State John Kerry, who will be


watching as he has struggled to make process in Syria, but for Colombians


who support this process, it is a day to celebrate. That is all from


us here in Cartagena. And of course we will have live


coverage of that signing in a few hours' time,


and to find out more, There's in-depth coverage there,


including a page all about the FARC - the origins


of the group, what they fought for and what brought them


to the negotiating table. Russia is warning the chances


for peace in Syria could be undermined by British


and American claims Moscow has committed war crimes


in the northern city of Aleppo. The BBC's Panorama has


been following the lives This report from Quentin Somerville


contains - from the start - Aleppo has never been


more overwhelmed. At the hospital the wounded


lie in hospitals. They are fast running out


of medical supplies. Four days of relentless Russian


and Syrian bombing of The bombs are bigger and the air


raids more intensive now. 61 children were admitted to city


hospitals overnight. In one, five died at the weekend


because there were no ventilators. The BBC's Panorama has been


following Ismail, a rescue worker. The regime dropped two


barrel bombs here. Aleppo has had no time


to catch its breath and here there is no


time to grieve. Sometimes I get the feeling I am


living the last days of my life. Aleppo is burning without any


mercy, killing everything. Armageddon, apocalypse -


strong words are being used But sometimes it's the quietest


moments that reflect Mohammed calls for his


son Husan. The family moved


here five years ago. They never thought it


would end like this. But then who could have


predicted Aleppo's horrors? The full panorama programme is on


here tonight at 8:30pm. It is also on on Saturday 1st of October at 930


GMT. If you miss that then it'll be


on again on Sunday second October Humanitarian aid has finally reached


four besieged areas in Syria that have received nothing


for six months. The International Committee


of the Red Cross said convoys delivered food and medical supplies


for 60,000 people to towns near Damascus and villages


in the Idlib province. Last week, the UN suspended aid


deliveries across Syria for 48 hours Now a look at some of


the day's other news. The French President has said


he intends to close the sprawling "Jungle" migrant camp in Calais


by the end of this year under a plan to spread asylum


seekers around the country. Anyone not given asylum


in France will be deported. During a visit to the port


in Northern France, Francois Hollande has urged Britain


to play its part in tackling He said Britain's vote to leave


the European Union did not absolve Police in the US state of Texas say


nine people have been injured in a shooting near a shopping centre


in the city of Houston. The police say they shot and killed


the suspect, describing him Police say no-one else was thought


to be involved. Police investigating


the disappearance of the toddler Ben Needham, who vanished 25 years


ago, have begun excavation work at a Ben was 21 months old


when he was last seen, and officers believe he may have


been accidentally run over Behind blue and white


British police tape, a corner of a Greek island


is cordoned off. This is the house where Ben Needham


was last seen alive. Officers now believe he could have


been accidentally run over and buried by a bulldozer


here on the day he vanished in 1991. It's got to be said,


I'm optimistic that we may find something of significance that's


going to assist us in giving The senior officer here is hopeful


that this mystery could finally be Every item that we find


is going to be meticulously looked at, and made sure


that it is either something The earth is going to be lifted,


it's going to be gone through in finite detail,


just to make sure that we Ben Needham was 21 months


old when he vanished in Kos. His family has always believed


he was abducted and is still alive. But his family has now been told


to prepare for the worst. Specialist officers are expected


to dig in this olive grove and an adjoining


field for up to 12 days, looking for any trace of the little


boy last seen playing outside this Another search here four years ago


brought his traumatised mother I will never give up,


and we will do whatever it takes to find Ben,


and let him know And if nothing is found here,


Ben Needham's family will forever be wondering what happened


to their little boy. The tribute from Jack


Nicklaus couldn't have been simpler or warmer -


"He was the King of our sport He was talking about Arnold Palmer,


who's died at the age of 87. In a sparkling career,


he won over 90 tournaments, Adrian Hobart looks back on a career


that included so much more Not many sportsmen truly justify


a nickname as grand as The King. But for Arnold Palmer,


the accolade was entirely apt. His attacking style of golf


and genuinely warm personality made both a sporting and cultural impact


across the United States in the late 1950s, when television began


to draw big audiences. But more than that,


he loved the game of golf. I always say one thing -


that if I can teach a young man coming along, and I've seen a lot


of them, I can go back to Nicklaus and others,


if I can teach them to leave the game better when they leave than


they found it when they arrived, His success on the course started


in the 1958 Masters. And he would go on to win seven


Majors in seven years, often going down the stretch


with his great rival Nicklaus describes Palmer


as an icon, a legend, a pioneer. He showed his entrepreneurial side


as he teamed up with lawyer Mark MacCormack to form


the marketing company IMG, that paved the way for future


generations to reap huge rewards Every player that's here


that plays on Tour... I mean, he did so much for the game


of golf at a time when golf I mean, he leaves a legacy that


nobody else in any other sport, I think he has left the biggest


legacy of any sports star. Palmer's patronage of


the Open Championship in Britain And he encouraged more


of his compatriots to fly the Atlantic to play


the oldest Major Championship. Having a connection


with fans was key. He made sure every autograph


was legible. He actually disliked


being known as The King. His genial nature and love


of the sport saw him play "I'm not interested in being


a hero", he once said, Speedy sausage dogs have been


entertaining crowds at Melbourne's annual Dachshund Race.


The charity event sees the animals compete on a 15-metre track


in their smart black The canine competitors showed


off their creative outfits, with one resembling a cowboy


and another dressed as a tank. One of the sausage dogs could even


be seen sporting the traditional Australian red and yellow


lifeguard uniform. Some good strokes going on well as


well. I know my sausage dog could have given some have run for their


money. If you want to get in touch with us


here at BBC World News, Thank you for being with the




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