27/09/2016 World News Today


27/09/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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Welcome to BBC World News Today, I'm Karin Giannone in London.

:00:00.:00:07.

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton slugged it out for 90 minutes.

:00:08.:00:14.

No knock-out blow, but who came out on top?

:00:15.:00:19.

Scientists in the United States say the world's first baby has been born

:00:20.:00:22.

using a new "three person" fertility technique.

:00:23.:00:26.

For the first time, the International Criminal Court has

:00:27.:00:30.

passed a sentence for cultural destruction.

:00:31.:00:31.

The crimes were committed in Mali by a jihadi.

:00:32.:00:36.

Nasa finds more evidence of water on one of Jupiter's moons.

:00:37.:00:39.

Reaction has been coming in thick and fast since the to US

:00:40.:00:59.

presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump

:01:00.:01:01.

faced each other in their first televised debate.

:01:02.:01:03.

Campaign teams for both have praised the performances

:01:04.:01:05.

But Donald Trump, despite initially saying the moderator

:01:06.:01:11.

Lester Holt had done a good job, is now saying Holt was tougher

:01:12.:01:14.

Trump has also complained about his microphone crackling

:01:15.:01:17.

In response, Hillary Clinton had this to say:

:01:18.:01:30.

Anybody who blames it on the microphone is not having a good

:01:31.:01:33.

night. In diplomacy, they call

:01:34.:01:36.

this a grin and grab. In last night's presidential debate,

:01:37.:01:42.

it quickly gave way to grimaces, as both

:01:43.:01:53.

candidates exchanged blows. Donald Trump started attacking

:01:54.:01:54.

Hillary Clinton for initially backing

:01:55.:01:56.

the Pacific Trade Deal The gold standard of trade,

:01:57.:01:58.

you said it was the finest And then you heard what I

:01:59.:02:03.

said about it and all Well, Donald, I know

:02:04.:02:07.

you live in your reality, But then it was Donald Trump's

:02:08.:02:11.

to be put under the cosh. First over his refusal to hand

:02:12.:02:15.

over his tax returns, something that

:02:16.:02:17.

all candidates have done Maybe he doesn't want the American

:02:18.:02:19.

people, all of you watching tonight, to know that he's paid

:02:20.:02:23.

nothing in federal taxes, because the only years that anybody's ever

:02:24.:02:26.

seen were a couple of years when he asked to turn them over to state

:02:27.:02:30.

authorities when he was trying to get a casino licence and they showed

:02:31.:02:33.

he didn't pay any But how smart, when

:02:34.:02:36.

everybody else has His business acumen

:02:37.:02:42.

is a cornerstone of his appeal, not questions. He then came under attack

:02:43.:02:46.

over his attitude towards women, a key demographic in this

:02:47.:02:52.

election where he is trailing badly. But this is a man who has called

:02:53.:02:58.

women pigs, slobs and dogs. She spoke about a beauty pageant

:02:59.:03:02.

contestant who Mr Trump had called Miss Housekeeping,

:03:03.:03:04.

because she was Latino. Donald, she has

:03:05.:03:10.

a name. Her name is Alicia

:03:11.:03:12.

and she has become a US citizen and you can bet that

:03:13.:03:16.

she's going to vote this November. But Donald Trump then sought

:03:17.:03:19.

to make it about character. I said she doesn't have the stamina

:03:20.:03:26.

and I don't believe To be president of this

:03:27.:03:36.

country, you need Well, as soon as he travels

:03:37.:03:39.

to 112 countries and negotiates a peace deal, a

:03:40.:03:43.

ceasefire, a release of dissidents, an opening of new opportunities

:03:44.:03:46.

in nations around the world or even spends 11 hours testifying in front

:03:47.:03:50.

of a congressional committee, you Hillary has experience,

:03:51.:03:52.

but it's bad experience. We have made so many bad

:03:53.:04:05.

deals during the last... So she's got experience,

:04:06.:04:08.

but it is bad, bad Donald Trump is positioning

:04:09.:04:10.

himself as the political outsider and that resonates

:04:11.:04:14.

with many disillusioned Americans. By the end of the debate,

:04:15.:04:16.

it was Donald Trump's stamina that

:04:17.:04:19.

seemed to be flagging. Here, both sides are claiming

:04:20.:04:23.

victory, as you would expect, and Donald Trump has come

:04:24.:04:26.

in to do his own spinning. He had one question to answer

:04:27.:04:28.

in this debate: Did he have the temperament to be

:04:29.:04:31.

the next commander-in-chief, Mr Trump, are you satisfied

:04:32.:04:33.

with how it went? Several news organisations carried

:04:34.:04:49.

out their own polls, A joint CNN/ORC survey

:04:50.:04:52.

gave Mrs Clinton 62% But the organisations

:04:53.:04:59.

acknowledge that more Democrats The broadcaster CNBC

:05:00.:05:03.

asked people to cast The outcome was 61 to 39

:05:04.:05:08.

in favour of Mr Trump, although there's no way of knowing

:05:09.:05:13.

the background of any But the Public Policy Polling

:05:14.:05:15.

Organisation carried out its own survey of what it claims

:05:16.:05:22.

is a balanced group of more than a thousand

:05:23.:05:25.

registered US voters. They called it 51 to 40 for Clinton,

:05:26.:05:27.

with 9% of people undecided. Well, Pennsylvania is a key swing

:05:28.:05:32.

state for both candidates. To get an idea of the reaction

:05:33.:05:35.

from voters there, our correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan

:05:36.:05:37.

is in Philadelphia. What is the verdict? Well, I've

:05:38.:05:52.

spent the morning here at Philadelphia's Reading terminal

:05:53.:05:54.

market and people are just finishing their lunch, but throughout the

:05:55.:05:57.

course of the morning, people are Pindar jesting and discussing last

:05:58.:06:02.

night's debate and as you say, Pennsylvania is a key state in this

:06:03.:06:05.

election and it is a key battle ground and where both Clinton and

:06:06.:06:10.

Trump both need to win if they want the keys to the White House. So what

:06:11.:06:15.

the voters see a thing? I'm joined by Jim and Dorothy. Let us begin

:06:16.:06:24.

with you, Jim. What did you think? I was disappointed to some degree, I

:06:25.:06:28.

thought the moderator conducted himself like a rookie. I say that

:06:29.:06:33.

for two reasons, one is that he always started the questioning with

:06:34.:06:40.

the same candidate, except for one time and I think that's gave an

:06:41.:06:46.

advantage to that candidate. Do you mean Clinton? Yes, and she started

:06:47.:06:55.

the canisters, except on the second to last question I gave her an

:06:56.:07:00.

advantage of getting her ideas out in the brains of the audience and

:07:01.:07:07.

the people. And then Mr Trump had to say things that would try get those

:07:08.:07:13.

ideas away from them. You support and all Trump? Yes. How would you

:07:14.:07:20.

assess his overall performance? I think they both did OK. I don't

:07:21.:07:25.

think either of them are really gained any votes lost any. I think

:07:26.:07:30.

they're both did pretty well. Dorothy, you are supporting Clinton.

:07:31.:07:35.

How do Joe candidate do? I think she did well and her experience showed.

:07:36.:07:39.

She knows how these things work and knows how to make the best advantage

:07:40.:07:44.

of the situation she was in. I think she did fine. I don't think either

:07:45.:07:48.

one would have gained or lost and supporters. A debate is difficult

:07:49.:07:54.

for someone to change someone's mind, because it is so difficult a

:07:55.:08:00.

situation for them to be in. How much of this is now box office a

:08:01.:08:04.

reality television and how much is really about important political

:08:05.:08:10.

issues? I think a lot of it is just reality television. Trying to get

:08:11.:08:14.

the attention of voters, applying their base instinct and I don't

:08:15.:08:20.

think... I so by Hillary, and I don't think Donald Trump as many

:08:21.:08:26.

real ideas or his policies are fully formed. Clinton has a lot more

:08:27.:08:29.

experience in that areas and I think it is a matter of personality, at

:08:30.:08:33.

one point or another, people are going to gravitate to the

:08:34.:08:37.

personality they like best, for better or worse. General, finally,

:08:38.:08:41.

what do you think Donald Trump needs to do before the next debate? He

:08:42.:08:49.

needs to stick to his solutions for the problems in America. He has that

:08:50.:08:55.

figured out pretty well. He doesn't think like a politician or talk like

:08:56.:09:01.

one but I do know how to tell them to change or to improve on that. An

:09:02.:09:07.

example, last night, Clinton talked to him about his financial problems.

:09:08.:09:17.

She brought up 15 points and all of those are based on speculation. Now,

:09:18.:09:22.

she worded it is such a way that if a person wasn't paying close

:09:23.:09:27.

attention, they'd think that she was making factual statements. Letters

:09:28.:09:33.

asked Dorothy's opinion. I agree Trump doesn't talk or act like a

:09:34.:09:37.

politician, he should do that a little more. A bit more grandeur and

:09:38.:09:43.

controversial statements alienate a lot of people and I think if he

:09:44.:09:46.

wants to get enough support committee needs to stop alienating

:09:47.:09:50.

people. But in a way that seems valid, not him just saying what we

:09:51.:09:54.

want him to say, that he really means it. I don't know if he has

:09:55.:09:59.

time to do that. Interesting views there. It is of course worth noting

:10:00.:10:04.

that was the first of three presidential debates and there's

:10:05.:10:07.

also a vice presidential debate next week. A lot of time in store for

:10:08.:10:11.

many undecided voters who I've messed this morning to make up their

:10:12.:10:12.

minds. -- who I've met this morning. There was a lot of talk

:10:13.:10:17.

at the debate on trade and Donald Trump had some things

:10:18.:10:20.

to say about Asia as well. Joining me from Washington

:10:21.:10:23.

is political risk Welcome to the programme. Did you

:10:24.:10:32.

get much of a picture of the kind of America we would see under each

:10:33.:10:36.

candidate last night from that debate? How they would deal with the

:10:37.:10:40.

rest of the world when it comes to trade? I thin maybe not so much with

:10:41.:10:45.

trade, but certainly in terms of how they approach the world. From Trump

:10:46.:10:49.

we got the same message is been saying all along, and that is that

:10:50.:10:53.

US allies are taking advantage, we are footing the bill for the

:10:54.:11:05.

Security and allowing them to get rich and take advantage of US

:11:06.:11:07.

economic openness and trade deals and that has to stop. That has been

:11:08.:11:10.

his worldview and he has been consistent. From Secretary Clinton,

:11:11.:11:11.

it is a little different. She doesn't bother transpacific

:11:12.:11:13.

partnership anymore, but she does have a worldview that recognises the

:11:14.:11:18.

value of the institutions of the America created after the end of

:11:19.:11:22.

World War II. She recognises there are some positive gains from the US

:11:23.:11:25.

underwriting these global institutions. She knows that has to

:11:26.:11:31.

continue and that there is for argument that. Donald Trump going on

:11:32.:11:37.

in the attack over Clinton's reversal on that trade deal, how

:11:38.:11:43.

much of a blow did he land there? That was seen as one of his

:11:44.:11:50.

strongest elements. Is certainly an issue where Secretary Clinton is

:11:51.:11:55.

vulnerable. People on her left, former supporters of Senator Sanders

:11:56.:11:59.

from the Democratic campaign, I think it was a big issue for them.

:12:00.:12:03.

There's a lot of questions over where she stands on this, what will

:12:04.:12:08.

she do about it. Wherever her heart is, I think if she were elected, it

:12:09.:12:12.

would be hard for her to move forward with the trade agreement.

:12:13.:12:15.

Even President Obama is trying to get it done before he leaves office,

:12:16.:12:21.

despite the obstacles. Is there any perception that Trump is more

:12:22.:12:24.

trustworthy with matters of trade, given that he is a product of the

:12:25.:12:29.

business world and not a politician? I don't know if trust really gets

:12:30.:12:35.

there. This is someone who I thin back in 2000 talked about how he

:12:36.:12:42.

was... If he were elected, he was going to be his own trade

:12:43.:12:46.

Representative. So he's talked a big game about trade deals. But this is

:12:47.:12:52.

closing the barn door after the horse has bolted. The US is still a

:12:53.:12:55.

major manufacturing power, is just that they are very efficient at the

:12:56.:12:59.

same number of manufacturing jobs available. In some ways, Secretary

:13:00.:13:04.

Clinton's approach is better in that she's thinking about creating jobs

:13:05.:13:07.

in the economy as a whole and we've heard none of that from Donald

:13:08.:13:10.

Trump. He talks about these bad trade deals, there's no plan for how

:13:11.:13:16.

to create good jobs in the United States, he just talks about stopping

:13:17.:13:19.

jobs going overseas. That's not good enough. Thank you.

:13:20.:13:21.

Scientists in the United States say the first baby has been

:13:22.:13:24.

born using a new "three person" fertility technique.

:13:25.:13:26.

The New Scientist Journal says a baby boy,

:13:27.:13:30.

who is now five months old, was born to Jordanian parents.

:13:31.:13:32.

They were treated by a US team in Mexico

:13:33.:13:34.

as the procedures are not approved in the US.

:13:35.:13:36.

parents with rare genetic mutations to avoid passing

:13:37.:13:39.

It involves removing the nucleus from one of the mother's eggs,

:13:40.:13:43.

and inserting it into a donor egg which has

:13:44.:13:48.

In every case here, this is a genetic mutation which is passed on

:13:49.:14:04.

a downer through the mother's ache in structures known as the power

:14:05.:14:11.

packs of themselves. In a couple, from Jordan, had already had two

:14:12.:14:16.

children who died of a genetic disorder and four miscarriages, all

:14:17.:14:24.

as a result of this. Experts in New York took healthy donor DNA from a

:14:25.:14:30.

second woman and mixed it with the DMA, the key DNA that you inherit

:14:31.:14:36.

from your parents that affects your personality, how you look, all the

:14:37.:14:41.

key DNA, and produced this healthy baby boy who is now five months old.

:14:42.:14:47.

But that tiny bit, that no .01% of DNA from the third person will be

:14:48.:14:55.

passed on down the generations. A little bit of disquiet that we

:14:56.:15:00.

haven't had the full scientific report on this, where having to take

:15:01.:15:04.

their word on it. It has come out as an abstract, one of the short, brief

:15:05.:15:10.

paragraphs that hasn't even been discussed at the scientific

:15:11.:15:13.

conference. We will get it at some point. What is the ethical and legal

:15:14.:15:19.

position of a technique like this? It is very interesting, a lot of

:15:20.:15:22.

people are uncomfortable about it. It's interesting that last team

:15:23.:15:26.

based in New York, just off Central Park, went to Mexico to do it. They

:15:27.:15:31.

went to Mexico, because there are no rules there. Indeed, many countries

:15:32.:15:36.

would make this illegal. The only country that has specifically passed

:15:37.:15:44.

legislation to permit it is the UK and a team of scientists in the

:15:45.:15:48.

North of England are planning to help a handful of women every year,

:15:49.:15:51.

but they haven't even applied for the license yet, this team, is not a

:15:52.:15:56.

race of course, that New York have done it first. Thank you.

:15:57.:15:58.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:15:59.:16:01.

Typhoon Megi made landfall in Taiwan, the third major

:16:02.:16:03.

storm to hit the island in a matter of weeks.

:16:04.:16:05.

Megi has brought winds of nearly 200 kilometres an hour

:16:06.:16:08.

and has caused disruption across the island.

:16:09.:16:09.

At least four people have been killed, and hundreds injured.

:16:10.:16:12.

Schools and offices are expected to be shut for a second

:16:13.:16:14.

New York authorities say a firefighter has died

:16:15.:16:21.

after responding to a report of a gas leak at

:16:22.:16:23.

It seems an explosion happened at the two-storey private house

:16:24.:16:27.

after the firefighters discovered a drug lab.

:16:28.:16:29.

Six other officers have been taken to hospital with minor injuries.

:16:30.:16:35.

A trial has begun in France of 15 current and former

:16:36.:16:37.

employees of Air France, after two company executives

:16:38.:16:39.

had their shirts torn off as a meeting on job cuts

:16:40.:16:43.

Five of them face charges of organised violence,

:16:44.:16:48.

while the rest are accused of damaging property.

:16:49.:16:50.

The violent protest took place last October at the airline's

:16:51.:16:54.

An Islamist militant from Mali who destroyed historic shrines

:16:55.:17:01.

in the city of Timbuktu has been sentenced to nine years in prison

:17:02.:17:04.

at the International Criminal Court in The Hague.

:17:05.:17:06.

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi led the desecration of a number

:17:07.:17:09.

of ancient tombs four years ago when an Al Qaeda-linked group took

:17:10.:17:11.

According to tradition, the door of this city

:17:12.:17:28.

mosque was supposed to

:17:29.:17:31.

In this footage played in court, you can see

:17:32.:17:40.

In this footage played in court, you can see it been broken down by

:17:41.:17:43.

jihadists, an attempt to destroy the mystery

:17:44.:17:45.

and with it, centuries of

:17:46.:17:46.

He was found guilty of running the morality brigade,

:17:47.:17:52.

a religious vice squad carrying out orders from the sharia courts.

:17:53.:18:01.

They considered these Sufi shrines to be un-Islamic.

:18:02.:18:03.

At the start of the trial, the prosecutor explained why the

:18:04.:18:05.

destruction of cultural heritage is being prosecuted as a war crime for

:18:06.:18:08.

Attacks on cultural property have become actual weapons

:18:09.:18:12.

They are being used to eliminate entire communities and

:18:13.:18:16.

It is done to make it seem as though they never existed.

:18:17.:18:23.

During the trial all visible signs of the militant

:18:24.:18:26.

TRANSLATION: I am pinning my hope on the fact that the punishment

:18:27.:18:34.

that will be meted out to me will be sufficient

:18:35.:18:37.

enough for the people to

:18:38.:18:40.

People were also targeted during the rebel occupation

:18:41.:18:45.

and many of the victims say that this case

:18:46.:18:47.

fails to cover some of the

:18:48.:18:48.

Particularly crimes against women, sexual violence, sexual slavery,

:18:49.:18:53.

And the fact that these charges have not yet been

:18:54.:18:57.

represented at the ICC is very difficult for people to understand.

:18:58.:19:04.

The trial is being seen as a rest success for this controversial

:19:05.:19:07.

It proves that some African nations are willing to cooperate

:19:08.:19:10.

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi is unlikely to appeal, which means

:19:11.:19:15.

that the authorities now have access to someone who may have inside

:19:16.:19:18.

And it proves that people can be prosecuted for

:19:19.:19:21.

Timbuktu has now been renovated and for a

:19:22.:19:28.

local people, this represents a tangible and symbolic victory

:19:29.:19:30.

Reports from Aleppo is a Syrian Government forces have been making

:19:31.:19:46.

advances on the ground in the centre of the divided city. Military

:19:47.:19:49.

sources and rebels say pro-government forces appeared to be

:19:50.:19:52.

mobilising for a possible ground assault after several days of heavy

:19:53.:19:56.

air strikes against the rebel held is of Aleppo. The new offensive was

:19:57.:20:00.

launched with Russian backing after a week-long ceasefire collapsed.

:20:01.:20:03.

The migrant crisis shows no signs of easing.

:20:04.:20:06.

The ship which capsized off the Northern coast of Egypt last

:20:07.:20:08.

week with hundreds on board has been raised from the sea bed.

:20:09.:20:11.

11 more bodies were found on deck bringing the total number

:20:12.:20:14.

It's unclear how many more people may be found below deck.

:20:15.:20:20.

Many of the dead were young Egyptian men.

:20:21.:20:22.

So what's driving so many of them to risk

:20:23.:20:25.

From Northern Egypt, Orla Guerin reports.

:20:26.:20:41.

The sons of this town are coming back home.

:20:42.:20:43.

This village and others nearbyhave buried 20 men and teenage boys.

:20:44.:20:46.

They fled the poverty of Egypt's Nile Delta,

:20:47.:20:49.

He boarded the migrant ship, though he

:20:50.:21:00.

The women tell those people smugglers should be executed.

:21:01.:21:07.

Instead, they pay bribes and get released.

:21:08.:21:13.

The boy's grandmother said he wanted to help get electricity

:21:14.:21:15.

This man says his friends just wanted jobs and

:21:16.:21:40.

Among everybody here, if

:21:41.:21:48.

you are considering taking a boat, raise your hands.

:21:49.:21:51.

Plenty of Egyptian children already have,

:21:52.:21:56.

For those who risk of the dangerous voyage across the Mediterranean,

:21:57.:22:06.

A boat approaches and families rush to the

:22:07.:22:15.

dock, hoping to at least get bodies to bury.

:22:16.:22:18.

Some victims phoned home as they struggled

:22:19.:22:20.

Relatives tell us that in the crucial early hours, they got no

:22:21.:22:24.

They were in the sea from 5am until 11am.

:22:25.:22:29.

I come out of the captain, and these

:22:30.:22:32.

This man lost his brother, who was only 20.

:22:33.:22:47.

I asked him if he'd seen my brother swimming,

:22:48.:22:54.

he said he swam for an

:22:55.:22:55.

Locals say the lack of opportunities he will keep driving young men to

:22:56.:23:17.

see and they expect this tragedy to be repeated.

:23:18.:23:22.

Nasa's Hubble Space Telescope has taken new pictures

:23:23.:23:24.

of one of the moons of Jupiter, called Europa.

:23:25.:23:26.

They show jets of water spurting from the moon's icy surface.

:23:27.:23:29.

The images are the first direct evidence that there is a vast

:23:30.:23:32.

And the discovery increases the possibility of

:23:33.:23:35.

Here's our Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh.

:23:36.:23:42.

More than 350 million miles away, orbiting Jupiter,

:23:43.:23:45.

Scientists think that under its surface there

:23:46.:23:52.

might be a vast ocean - and where there's water,

:23:53.:23:55.

These new pictures from the Hubble space telescope are the first direct

:23:56.:24:04.

At the bottom left, jets of water - the largest of which

:24:05.:24:12.

We've discovered these features here which may be plumes of water

:24:13.:24:18.

If that's the case, it's exciting because it's depositing material

:24:19.:24:24.

from the ocean on the surface of Europa and into space,

:24:25.:24:30.

and that means we can look for organics and even signs of life.

:24:31.:24:35.

Nasa and the European Space Agency both plan separate missions

:24:36.:24:37.

The discovery of these jets now means that the search for life

:24:38.:24:47.

Instead of having to land and drill through metres of ice to see

:24:48.:24:53.

what's in the ocean, spacecraft can now fly

:24:54.:24:55.

through the jets, collect the water and analyse it for evidence

:24:56.:24:58.

I'm almost sure there is life of some kind out

:24:59.:25:03.

I'd be flabbergasted if there wasn't.

:25:04.:25:08.

I think the conditions seem to be right in a number of places that I'm

:25:09.:25:12.

almost certain bacteria of some kind must be able to form in the liquid

:25:13.:25:18.

water oceans on some of the moons of Jupiter and of Saturn, as well.

:25:19.:25:26.

There's a new space race between the European Space Agency

:25:27.:25:28.

and Nasa to get to Europa and the other moons of Jupiter.

:25:29.:25:32.

Whoever gets there first could answer one of the biggest

:25:33.:25:34.

questions in science - are we alone in the universe?

:25:35.:25:49.

You can get in touch with me and some of

:25:50.:25:51.

But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.

:25:52.:26:06.

the way for Scotland by Thursday. It is quite windy across the North

:26:07.:26:14.

right now, quite a few showers as well. Things were, later in the

:26:15.:26:18.

night. This weather front taking the remaining cloud and drizzle away,

:26:19.:26:20.

but

:26:21.:26:21.

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