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Welcome to BBC World News Today, I'm Karin Giannone in London.
Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton slugged it out for 90 minutes.
No knock-out blow, but who came out on top?
Scientists in the United States say the world's first baby has been born
using a new "three person" fertility technique.
For the first time, the International Criminal Court has
passed a sentence for cultural destruction.
The crimes were committed in Mali by a jihadi.
Nasa finds more evidence of water on one of Jupiter's moons.
Reaction has been coming in thick and fast since the to US
presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump
faced each other in their first televised debate.
Campaign teams for both have praised the performances
But Donald Trump, despite initially saying the moderator
Lester Holt had done a good job, is now saying Holt was tougher
Trump has also complained about his microphone crackling
In response, Hillary Clinton had this to say:
Anybody who blames it on the microphone is not having a good
night. In diplomacy, they call
this a grin and grab. In last night's presidential debate,
it quickly gave way to grimaces, as both
candidates exchanged blows. Donald Trump started attacking
Hillary Clinton for initially backing
the Pacific Trade Deal The gold standard of trade,
you said it was the finest And then you heard what I
said about it and all Well, Donald, I know
you live in your reality, But then it was Donald Trump's
to be put under the cosh. First over his refusal to hand
over his tax returns, something that
all candidates have done Maybe he doesn't want the American
people, all of you watching tonight, to know that he's paid
nothing in federal taxes, because the only years that anybody's ever
seen were a couple of years when he asked to turn them over to state
authorities when he was trying to get a casino licence and they showed
he didn't pay any But how smart, when
everybody else has His business acumen
is a cornerstone of his appeal, not questions. He then came under attack
over his attitude towards women, a key demographic in this
election where he is trailing badly. But this is a man who has called
women pigs, slobs and dogs. She spoke about a beauty pageant
contestant who Mr Trump had called Miss Housekeeping,
because she was Latino. Donald, she has
a name. Her name is Alicia
and she has become a US citizen and you can bet that
she's going to vote this November. But Donald Trump then sought
to make it about character. I said she doesn't have the stamina
and I don't believe To be president of this
country, you need Well, as soon as he travels
to 112 countries and negotiates a peace deal, a
ceasefire, a release of dissidents, an opening of new opportunities
in nations around the world or even spends 11 hours testifying in front
of a congressional committee, you Hillary has experience,
but it's bad experience. We have made so many bad
deals during the last... So she's got experience,
but it is bad, bad Donald Trump is positioning
himself as the political outsider and that resonates
with many disillusioned Americans. By the end of the debate,
it was Donald Trump's stamina that
seemed to be flagging. Here, both sides are claiming
victory, as you would expect, and Donald Trump has come
in to do his own spinning. He had one question to answer
in this debate: Did he have the temperament to be
the next commander-in-chief, Mr Trump, are you satisfied
with how it went? Several news organisations carried
out their own polls, A joint CNN/ORC survey
gave Mrs Clinton 62% But the organisations
acknowledge that more Democrats The broadcaster CNBC
asked people to cast The outcome was 61 to 39
in favour of Mr Trump, although there's no way of knowing
the background of any But the Public Policy Polling
Organisation carried out its own survey of what it claims
is a balanced group of more than a thousand
registered US voters. They called it 51 to 40 for Clinton,
with 9% of people undecided. Well, Pennsylvania is a key swing
state for both candidates. To get an idea of the reaction
from voters there, our correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan
is in Philadelphia. What is the verdict? Well, I've
spent the morning here at Philadelphia's Reading terminal
market and people are just finishing their lunch, but throughout the
course of the morning, people are Pindar jesting and discussing last
night's debate and as you say, Pennsylvania is a key state in this
election and it is a key battle ground and where both Clinton and
Trump both need to win if they want the keys to the White House. So what
the voters see a thing? I'm joined by Jim and Dorothy. Let us begin
with you, Jim. What did you think? I was disappointed to some degree, I
thought the moderator conducted himself like a rookie. I say that
for two reasons, one is that he always started the questioning with
the same candidate, except for one time and I think that's gave an
advantage to that candidate. Do you mean Clinton? Yes, and she started
the canisters, except on the second to last question I gave her an
advantage of getting her ideas out in the brains of the audience and
the people. And then Mr Trump had to say things that would try get those
ideas away from them. You support and all Trump? Yes. How would you
assess his overall performance? I think they both did OK. I don't
think either of them are really gained any votes lost any. I think
they're both did pretty well. Dorothy, you are supporting Clinton.
How do Joe candidate do? I think she did well and her experience showed.
She knows how these things work and knows how to make the best advantage
of the situation she was in. I think she did fine. I don't think either
one would have gained or lost and supporters. A debate is difficult
for someone to change someone's mind, because it is so difficult a
situation for them to be in. How much of this is now box office a
reality television and how much is really about important political
issues? I think a lot of it is just reality television. Trying to get
the attention of voters, applying their base instinct and I don't
think... I so by Hillary, and I don't think Donald Trump as many
real ideas or his policies are fully formed. Clinton has a lot more
experience in that areas and I think it is a matter of personality, at
one point or another, people are going to gravitate to the
personality they like best, for better or worse. General, finally,
what do you think Donald Trump needs to do before the next debate? He
needs to stick to his solutions for the problems in America. He has that
figured out pretty well. He doesn't think like a politician or talk like
one but I do know how to tell them to change or to improve on that. An
example, last night, Clinton talked to him about his financial problems.
She brought up 15 points and all of those are based on speculation. Now,
she worded it is such a way that if a person wasn't paying close
attention, they'd think that she was making factual statements. Letters
asked Dorothy's opinion. I agree Trump doesn't talk or act like a
politician, he should do that a little more. A bit more grandeur and
controversial statements alienate a lot of people and I think if he
wants to get enough support committee needs to stop alienating
people. But in a way that seems valid, not him just saying what we
want him to say, that he really means it. I don't know if he has
time to do that. Interesting views there. It is of course worth noting
that was the first of three presidential debates and there's
also a vice presidential debate next week. A lot of time in store for
many undecided voters who I've messed this morning to make up their
minds. -- who I've met this morning. There was a lot of talk
at the debate on trade and Donald Trump had some things
to say about Asia as well. Joining me from Washington
is political risk Welcome to the programme. Did you
get much of a picture of the kind of America we would see under each
candidate last night from that debate? How they would deal with the
rest of the world when it comes to trade? I thin maybe not so much with
trade, but certainly in terms of how they approach the world. From Trump
we got the same message is been saying all along, and that is that
US allies are taking advantage, we are footing the bill for the
Security and allowing them to get rich and take advantage of US
economic openness and trade deals and that has to stop. That has been
his worldview and he has been consistent. From Secretary Clinton,
it is a little different. She doesn't bother transpacific
partnership anymore, but she does have a worldview that recognises the
value of the institutions of the America created after the end of
World War II. She recognises there are some positive gains from the US
underwriting these global institutions. She knows that has to
continue and that there is for argument that. Donald Trump going on
in the attack over Clinton's reversal on that trade deal, how
much of a blow did he land there? That was seen as one of his
strongest elements. Is certainly an issue where Secretary Clinton is
vulnerable. People on her left, former supporters of Senator Sanders
from the Democratic campaign, I think it was a big issue for them.
There's a lot of questions over where she stands on this, what will
she do about it. Wherever her heart is, I think if she were elected, it
would be hard for her to move forward with the trade agreement.
Even President Obama is trying to get it done before he leaves office,
despite the obstacles. Is there any perception that Trump is more
trustworthy with matters of trade, given that he is a product of the
business world and not a politician? I don't know if trust really gets
there. This is someone who I thin back in 2000 talked about how he
was... If he were elected, he was going to be his own trade
Representative. So he's talked a big game about trade deals. But this is
closing the barn door after the horse has bolted. The US is still a
major manufacturing power, is just that they are very efficient at the
same number of manufacturing jobs available. In some ways, Secretary
Clinton's approach is better in that she's thinking about creating jobs
in the economy as a whole and we've heard none of that from Donald
Trump. He talks about these bad trade deals, there's no plan for how
to create good jobs in the United States, he just talks about stopping
jobs going overseas. That's not good enough. Thank you.
Scientists in the United States say the first baby has been
born using a new "three person" fertility technique.
The New Scientist Journal says a baby boy,
who is now five months old, was born to Jordanian parents.
They were treated by a US team in Mexico
as the procedures are not approved in the US.
parents with rare genetic mutations to avoid passing
It involves removing the nucleus from one of the mother's eggs,
and inserting it into a donor egg which has
In every case here, this is a genetic mutation which is passed on
a downer through the mother's ache in structures known as the power
packs of themselves. In a couple, from Jordan, had already had two
children who died of a genetic disorder and four miscarriages, all
as a result of this. Experts in New York took healthy donor DNA from a
second woman and mixed it with the DMA, the key DNA that you inherit
from your parents that affects your personality, how you look, all the
key DNA, and produced this healthy baby boy who is now five months old.
But that tiny bit, that no .01% of DNA from the third person will be
passed on down the generations. A little bit of disquiet that we
haven't had the full scientific report on this, where having to take
their word on it. It has come out as an abstract, one of the short, brief
paragraphs that hasn't even been discussed at the scientific
conference. We will get it at some point. What is the ethical and legal
position of a technique like this? It is very interesting, a lot of
people are uncomfortable about it. It's interesting that last team
based in New York, just off Central Park, went to Mexico to do it. They
went to Mexico, because there are no rules there. Indeed, many countries
would make this illegal. The only country that has specifically passed
legislation to permit it is the UK and a team of scientists in the
North of England are planning to help a handful of women every year,
but they haven't even applied for the license yet, this team, is not a
race of course, that New York have done it first. Thank you.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
Typhoon Megi made landfall in Taiwan, the third major
storm to hit the island in a matter of weeks.
Megi has brought winds of nearly 200 kilometres an hour
and has caused disruption across the island.
At least four people have been killed, and hundreds injured.
Schools and offices are expected to be shut for a second
New York authorities say a firefighter has died
after responding to a report of a gas leak at
It seems an explosion happened at the two-storey private house
after the firefighters discovered a drug lab.
Six other officers have been taken to hospital with minor injuries.
A trial has begun in France of 15 current and former
employees of Air France, after two company executives
had their shirts torn off as a meeting on job cuts
Five of them face charges of organised violence,
while the rest are accused of damaging property.
The violent protest took place last October at the airline's
An Islamist militant from Mali who destroyed historic shrines
in the city of Timbuktu has been sentenced to nine years in prison
at the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi led the desecration of a number
of ancient tombs four years ago when an Al Qaeda-linked group took
According to tradition, the door of this city
mosque was supposed to
In this footage played in court, you can see
In this footage played in court, you can see it been broken down by
jihadists, an attempt to destroy the mystery
and with it, centuries of
He was found guilty of running the morality brigade,
a religious vice squad carrying out orders from the sharia courts.
They considered these Sufi shrines to be un-Islamic.
At the start of the trial, the prosecutor explained why the
destruction of cultural heritage is being prosecuted as a war crime for
Attacks on cultural property have become actual weapons
They are being used to eliminate entire communities and
It is done to make it seem as though they never existed.
During the trial all visible signs of the militant
TRANSLATION: I am pinning my hope on the fact that the punishment
that will be meted out to me will be sufficient
enough for the people to
People were also targeted during the rebel occupation
and many of the victims say that this case
fails to cover some of the
Particularly crimes against women, sexual violence, sexual slavery,
And the fact that these charges have not yet been
represented at the ICC is very difficult for people to understand.
The trial is being seen as a rest success for this controversial
It proves that some African nations are willing to cooperate
Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi is unlikely to appeal, which means
that the authorities now have access to someone who may have inside
And it proves that people can be prosecuted for
Timbuktu has now been renovated and for a
local people, this represents a tangible and symbolic victory
Reports from Aleppo is a Syrian Government forces have been making
advances on the ground in the centre of the divided city. Military
sources and rebels say pro-government forces appeared to be
mobilising for a possible ground assault after several days of heavy
air strikes against the rebel held is of Aleppo. The new offensive was
launched with Russian backing after a week-long ceasefire collapsed.
The migrant crisis shows no signs of easing.
The ship which capsized off the Northern coast of Egypt last
week with hundreds on board has been raised from the sea bed.
11 more bodies were found on deck bringing the total number
It's unclear how many more people may be found below deck.
Many of the dead were young Egyptian men.
So what's driving so many of them to risk
From Northern Egypt, Orla Guerin reports.
The sons of this town are coming back home.
This village and others nearbyhave buried 20 men and teenage boys.
They fled the poverty of Egypt's Nile Delta,
He boarded the migrant ship, though he
The women tell those people smugglers should be executed.
Instead, they pay bribes and get released.
The boy's grandmother said he wanted to help get electricity
This man says his friends just wanted jobs and
Among everybody here, if
you are considering taking a boat, raise your hands.
Plenty of Egyptian children already have,
For those who risk of the dangerous voyage across the Mediterranean,
A boat approaches and families rush to the
dock, hoping to at least get bodies to bury.
Some victims phoned home as they struggled
Relatives tell us that in the crucial early hours, they got no
They were in the sea from 5am until 11am.
I come out of the captain, and these
This man lost his brother, who was only 20.
I asked him if he'd seen my brother swimming,
he said he swam for an
Locals say the lack of opportunities he will keep driving young men to
see and they expect this tragedy to be repeated.
Nasa's Hubble Space Telescope has taken new pictures
of one of the moons of Jupiter, called Europa.
They show jets of water spurting from the moon's icy surface.
The images are the first direct evidence that there is a vast
And the discovery increases the possibility of
Here's our Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh.
More than 350 million miles away, orbiting Jupiter,
Scientists think that under its surface there
might be a vast ocean - and where there's water,
These new pictures from the Hubble space telescope are the first direct
At the bottom left, jets of water - the largest of which
We've discovered these features here which may be plumes of water
If that's the case, it's exciting because it's depositing material
from the ocean on the surface of Europa and into space,
and that means we can look for organics and even signs of life.
Nasa and the European Space Agency both plan separate missions
The discovery of these jets now means that the search for life
Instead of having to land and drill through metres of ice to see
what's in the ocean, spacecraft can now fly
through the jets, collect the water and analyse it for evidence
I'm almost sure there is life of some kind out
I'd be flabbergasted if there wasn't.
I think the conditions seem to be right in a number of places that I'm
almost certain bacteria of some kind must be able to form in the liquid
water oceans on some of the moons of Jupiter and of Saturn, as well.
There's a new space race between the European Space Agency
and Nasa to get to Europa and the other moons of Jupiter.
Whoever gets there first could answer one of the biggest
questions in science - are we alone in the universe?
You can get in touch with me and some of
But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.
the way for Scotland by Thursday. It is quite windy across the North
right now, quite a few showers as well. Things were, later in the
night. This weather front taking the remaining cloud and drizzle away,