29/09/2016 World News Today


29/09/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Ben Bland.

:00:00.:00:14.

We are live in the press conference in New Jersey where the governor has

:00:15.:00:20.

been speaking about the train crash. Let's return to the press

:00:21.:00:25.

conference. I'd like to thank the team for their outstanding response

:00:26.:00:29.

to this tragedy, thank the lieutenant governor for being here

:00:30.:00:34.

and all for first responders. We know what happened, we don't know

:00:35.:00:39.

why it happened. As Governor Christie said, the train came in at

:00:40.:00:43.

too high a rate of speed, it didn't stop, it came through the barriers.

:00:44.:00:49.

When you see the destruction up close, the silver lining is that

:00:50.:00:53.

there is only one fatality that's far because the destruction really

:00:54.:00:58.

is significant, and the power of the train coming in is obviously

:00:59.:01:08.

devastating in its impact. The 100 injured and the fatality and the

:01:09.:01:12.

critically injured, we remember them in our prayers and we hope that

:01:13.:01:19.

there is only one fatality and it stops there. The NTSB will do a full

:01:20.:01:24.

investigation as to what happened exactly and we will let the facts

:01:25.:01:28.

speak for themselves and if there's something to learn from those facts

:01:29.:01:34.

after that investigation, then we will be sure to learn and

:01:35.:01:41.

incorporate that lesson. The Commissioner and chairman Pendergast

:01:42.:01:46.

are working hand in glove in a seamless approach where New Jersey

:01:47.:01:50.

transit is working with the NTA, the Port authority to expedite tonight's

:01:51.:01:59.

commute and tomorrow's commute, because, as the governor said, the

:02:00.:02:04.

structural damage to the station itself, and we don't yet know how

:02:05.:02:09.

long that damage will take to repair or what the consequence of that

:02:10.:02:15.

damages. I'd like to applaud all the first responders, who did a

:02:16.:02:19.

magnificent job once again. And I'd also like to take this opportunity

:02:20.:02:25.

to say these are difficult times over these past weeks and months.

:02:26.:02:34.

Between terrorist attacks, natural disasters, we've had our hands full

:02:35.:02:39.

in this country. We've had our hands full in the north-east. I want to

:02:40.:02:44.

thank the police who did an extraordinary job in apprehending

:02:45.:02:53.

the suspect in connection with the Chelsea bombing. They really did a

:02:54.:02:58.

fantastic job and I want to thank the coordination and Corporation of

:02:59.:03:02.

our neighbours and partners in making that happen. Today is another

:03:03.:03:06.

situation for us to deal with but I also believe as many challenges as

:03:07.:03:12.

mother nature sends us or our enemies send us, we are up to

:03:13.:03:19.

handling them. We will handle them one at a time but when we worked

:03:20.:03:24.

together, there is nothing that we can't accomplish, and nothing we

:03:25.:03:28.

can't overcome. And we will do that with today's tragedy as well. With

:03:29.:03:33.

that, I'll turn it back to Governor Christie. The Commissioner for

:03:34.:03:40.

transportation and the German of New Jersey transit will address some of

:03:41.:03:43.

the transit issues we will be confronting in the days to come.

:03:44.:03:50.

Good afternoon. As Governor Christie mentioned earlier, the train service

:03:51.:03:54.

is going to be resumed at this station this afternoon. We expect to

:03:55.:03:58.

run a full rush-hour service. There is a couple of pilot trains that

:03:59.:04:03.

will run in the next hour or so but all indications are go, safety

:04:04.:04:07.

inspections have shown is there's no reason we can't run the system at

:04:08.:04:13.

full rush-hour capacity. For the afternoon, New Jersey transit will

:04:14.:04:17.

be expanding bus, rail and light rail services as much is possible to

:04:18.:04:21.

make up for the closure of the rail line at Hoboken. We will increase

:04:22.:04:30.

services on the bus lines. Customers will be notified where to get their

:04:31.:04:36.

services. A bus shuttle will run between Hoboken and Secor crustacean

:04:37.:04:46.

on a load basis. The Hudson Bergen light rail is currently suspended

:04:47.:04:53.

into and out of Hoboken... That is the press conference taking place

:04:54.:04:56.

live in Hoboken about the train crash. We heard earlier from

:04:57.:05:01.

Governor of New Jersey, Chris Christie. He emphasised they were

:05:02.:05:06.

not going to speculate on the causes at this early stage, that an

:05:07.:05:11.

investigation is in progress. We also heard from the governor of New

:05:12.:05:15.

York, Andrew Cuomo, who talked about the structural damage to the

:05:16.:05:18.

station, obviously saying it is impossible to say how long it'll

:05:19.:05:24.

take for that to be fully repaired. Andrew Cuomo also said the train

:05:25.:05:28.

obviously came in at two higher rate of speed, he said it was unclear at

:05:29.:05:31.

this stage why that was. One moment it was a normal commuter

:05:32.:05:41.

journey, the next, chaos. A train has crashed into a station

:05:42.:05:43.

in New Jersey in the United States, leaving at least one person dead

:05:44.:05:47.

and up to 100 injured, These images from the station

:05:48.:05:49.

at Hoboken show the scene after the train smashed

:05:50.:05:53.

into the buffer stops causing part Dozens of people are being

:05:54.:05:55.

treated in hospital. Investigators are trying to work out

:05:56.:06:00.

the cause of the crash but they say the train appeared to be

:06:01.:06:04.

travelling at speed. The BBC's Nick Bryant

:06:05.:06:06.

is at the scene and has A packed train entering a crowded

:06:07.:06:08.

station at the peak of rush hour. A routine morning commute

:06:09.:06:17.

changing in an instant Passengers said the train just

:06:18.:06:20.

didn't slow down as it entered the station,

:06:21.:06:26.

ploughing through ticket barriers and into the reception area

:06:27.:06:29.

of Hoboken station. And everything from

:06:30.:06:33.

the ceiling came down. Jumped a little bit

:06:34.:06:40.

on to where we were standing, so it crushed that little centre

:06:41.:06:55.

where people would normally be standing, and threw

:06:56.:07:00.

them into where we were. Then I saw another, and then I saw

:07:01.:07:02.

a couple of people... I didn't see many bodies until I ran

:07:03.:07:10.

over there and then I saw people getting up and getting helped up,

:07:11.:07:14.

bleeding all over the place. Such was the impact of the crash,

:07:15.:07:17.

part of the roof caved in, making it all the more difficult

:07:18.:07:20.

for the emergency services to reach There are reports of people pinned

:07:21.:07:24.

under collapsed concrete pillars. Hoboken is in New Jersey,

:07:25.:07:31.

across the Hudson River Many commuters use this busy station

:07:32.:07:34.

to travel into Manhattan, and many tend to pack the front

:07:35.:07:40.

carriages of the trains to shave Nearby hospitals were told

:07:41.:07:44.

to prepare for a mass Orthopaedic injuries

:07:45.:07:50.

and internal injuries, and some deep lacerations

:07:51.:07:57.

being treated by our trauma In addition, there are a handful

:07:58.:08:00.

of other patients who are currently being evaluated for their injuries

:08:01.:08:05.

in the emergency room. Approximately 40 patients

:08:06.:08:08.

are being treated as well for walk-in types of injuries, and

:08:09.:08:11.

they are being evaluated as well. The cause of the crash isn't yet

:08:12.:08:17.

known but New Jersey Transit hasn't completed installing what's called

:08:18.:08:20.

positive train control, a safety system designed to prevent

:08:21.:08:23.

accidents by automatically slowing or stopping trains that

:08:24.:08:28.

are going too fast. It had been ordered to install

:08:29.:08:32.

the system by the government, It there have been a spate of train

:08:33.:08:47.

accidents and often the cause has been locomotives going too fast.

:08:48.:08:52.

Commuters are inevitably -- inevitably asking, why is it taking

:08:53.:08:56.

so long to install the safety mechanism, especially when America's

:08:57.:09:01.

National transport safety board was calling for its introduction over 25

:09:02.:09:02.

years ago? The BBC's Nada Tawfik

:09:03.:09:05.

is at the scene. We heard the update on the situation

:09:06.:09:17.

in the press conference a short while ago but what more you hearing?

:09:18.:09:27.

The press conference is still ongoing as Andrew Cuomo and Chris

:09:28.:09:30.

Christie take questions from the press. What we heard is to Governor

:09:31.:09:36.

is saying they can't rule out what the cause of this train crash was,

:09:37.:09:39.

that they can't speculate at the same time. They have to wait for

:09:40.:09:44.

further investigations into that. They confirmed one person has died

:09:45.:09:49.

and that 108 people have been injured. They said there are still

:09:50.:09:53.

people in critical condition in hospital 's Barclays pray and hope

:09:54.:09:59.

that number doesn't go to more. It was also interesting to hear Andrew

:10:00.:10:06.

Cuomo talk about how there have been several difficult weeks for New York

:10:07.:10:09.

in Jersey, between the bombings in New Jersey and New York, he

:10:10.:10:12.

mentioned the natural disasters in this, and he said that they would

:10:13.:10:17.

get through this just like anything else, they would take anything that

:10:18.:10:21.

mother nature brought towards them. The governor is still taking

:10:22.:10:24.

questions here, but I think what you're going to be hearing from the

:10:25.:10:28.

press are questions about the safety, what caused this. The

:10:29.:10:32.

conductor of the train is still in hospital with injuries. We don't

:10:33.:10:35.

know if he's spoken to authorities but it is why there wasn't a

:10:36.:10:39.

mechanism installed on this train. This is one of the busiest

:10:40.:10:50.

transportation hubs in New Jersey so why the proper mechanism will want

:10:51.:10:53.

in place to prevent this type of accident. The governors are still

:10:54.:10:55.

speaking and we're hoping to get more on that. Give us a sense of

:10:56.:10:58.

what the station would have been like at that time, at rush hour. Is

:10:59.:11:01.

it a station you are familiar with and have travelled through?

:11:02.:11:07.

Absolutely, I am a resident of New Jersey and have gone through this

:11:08.:11:11.

station several times. You have the Path train here in this train

:11:12.:11:16.

station. Along with New Jersey's transit system. You have to transit

:11:17.:11:20.

system is going through Hoboken. There's also the ferry people can

:11:21.:11:24.

transferred to to get to New York. Just to give you a sense, this is

:11:25.:11:30.

the fifth busiest train station in New Jersey. You have thousands of

:11:31.:11:33.

people going through here in the mornings. People who are getting off

:11:34.:11:39.

to go to New York but also other parts of New Jersey, since this is

:11:40.:11:43.

such a busy transportation hub. When we spoke to eyewitnesses, they talk

:11:44.:11:51.

about the chaos, the screening, the panic, the injuries they'd seen, and

:11:52.:11:56.

the governors described how the path station, which was a bit further

:11:57.:12:00.

removed from weather train crashed, would be able to resume but because

:12:01.:12:04.

of the structural damage to the station with the roof partially

:12:05.:12:08.

collapsing the trains for New Jersey transit would be running any time

:12:09.:12:15.

soon. So it is what we expected but, again, it is such a chaotic... It

:12:16.:12:20.

was such a chaotic scene here this morning because of the number of

:12:21.:12:24.

people that go through this station. OK, thank you very much for the

:12:25.:12:26.

update. Tensions are escalating

:12:27.:12:28.

between Moscow and Washington over the crisis in the Syrian

:12:29.:12:29.

city of Aleppo. US Secretary of State John Kerry has

:12:30.:12:31.

threatened to end existing cooperation with Russia after heavy

:12:32.:12:34.

bombing continued in The UN has warned of a humanitarian

:12:35.:12:37.

catastrophe in Aleppo, unlike any witnessed so far

:12:38.:12:43.

in the five-year civil war. Let's get more from our

:12:44.:12:47.

correspondent Barbara It seems that patience is running

:12:48.:13:01.

out, and tempers fraying. All of this isn't going to help the

:13:02.:13:07.

situation at all, is it? No, it isn't. The Americans are really

:13:08.:13:11.

scrambling to try to figure out how to respond to the situation because

:13:12.:13:15.

they had this carefully crafted peace plan which took months and

:13:16.:13:19.

months to work out with the Russians which was supposed to get a

:13:20.:13:23.

ceasefire, and then move onto political negotiations to end the

:13:24.:13:27.

conflict. They were taken by surprise at how quickly that

:13:28.:13:31.

surprised and by how ferocious the resumption of violence has been with

:13:32.:13:38.

these air attacks. Both Russian and Syrian planes on Aleppo that is

:13:39.:13:41.

creating this humanitarian catastrophe of proportions we

:13:42.:13:45.

haven't seen before. So John Kerry was saying a little while ago the US

:13:46.:13:50.

was on the verge of cutting off any talks, any attempts to talk with the

:13:51.:13:55.

Russians about a resumption of the plan. He said it is irrational to

:13:56.:13:58.

sit here and say were trying to seriously revive this when the

:13:59.:14:03.

Russians have shown no seriousness in doing so. He didn't close it off

:14:04.:14:08.

completely. He said they would have to pursue other alternatives for a

:14:09.:14:12.

period until the warring parties are ready to take a different approach.

:14:13.:14:15.

The administration is looking at what it could do to respond to this

:14:16.:14:23.

unprecedented upsurge in violence. I just wonder how serious this threat

:14:24.:14:28.

is from John Kerry. Is it just sabre rattling to put pressure on Moscow

:14:29.:14:32.

or do you think they really would walk away from cooperation with

:14:33.:14:38.

Russia? Well, what he's talking about is closing the diplomatic

:14:39.:14:42.

channel for the moment that the two pursued on Syria. Of course, they

:14:43.:14:47.

would still have contacts with Russia on other issues. It is this

:14:48.:14:51.

effort he's led. He's kept saying, I'm keeping this channel open,

:14:52.:14:55.

trying to revive the ceasefire, I want to talk to the Russians but he

:14:56.:14:59.

is saying there's no sense saying that because the Russians, at least

:15:00.:15:03.

according to how they are behaving in Aleppo, and serious about

:15:04.:15:08.

reviving peace talks. He's messaging the Russians but it is a message

:15:09.:15:13.

they are not picking up. Alongside that, we are hearing the White House

:15:14.:15:17.

has asked the National Security Agency to look at any other options

:15:18.:15:21.

with which to respond to this crisis, including the possibility of

:15:22.:15:26.

military options. That has been discussed at staff level, no

:15:27.:15:29.

recommendations and no suggestions of large-scale military commitment,

:15:30.:15:35.

in keeping with Mr Obama's long-term resistance to that. But perhaps some

:15:36.:15:38.

kind of action that would give a stronger mission to -- message to

:15:39.:15:44.

the Syrians and the Russians. OK, thank you very much.

:15:45.:15:46.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:15:47.:15:48.

The Indian army says it has launched strikes against suspected militants

:15:49.:15:51.

along the de facto border with Pakistan in Kashmir.

:15:52.:15:53.

Both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir in its entirety but each

:15:54.:16:00.

The decades-old dispute has seen an increase

:16:01.:16:03.

The net worth of the US Republican presidential candidate,

:16:04.:16:08.

Donald Trump, has slipped by an estimated $800 million over

:16:09.:16:10.

the past year, according to figures published by Forbes magazine.

:16:11.:16:15.

It attributes the loss largely to the declining value

:16:16.:16:18.

But it still reckons Mr Trump is worth $3.7 billion.

:16:19.:16:26.

New research has found that a small proportion of children with HIV

:16:27.:16:29.

do not develop Aids, even without treatment.

:16:30.:16:32.

Tests on 170 HIV-positive South African children revealed

:16:33.:16:36.

that the immune systems of some were apparently able

:16:37.:16:39.

Many of Europe's economies are struggling at the moment

:16:40.:16:48.

and in Italy the frustration is especially acute.

:16:49.:16:50.

The recovery has stalled and growth was zero

:16:51.:16:52.

That's led Prime Minister Matteo Renzi to stake all on a referendum

:16:53.:16:59.

Under the plan, the country's parliamentary system

:17:00.:17:03.

would be restructured, with the upper house

:17:04.:17:06.

stripped of its powers, the number of senators would be cut

:17:07.:17:08.

Mr Renzi has promised to resign if he loses,

:17:09.:17:14.

and latest polls give the No campaign a narrow lead.

:17:15.:17:19.

The BBC's Europe Editor Katya Adler asked Mr Renzi if holding

:17:20.:17:22.

the referendum wasn't too dangerous a political gamble.

:17:23.:17:26.

I know in 2016 you expressed your referendum in EU, it's a risk.

:17:27.:17:33.

But jokes apart, I believe this is a great challenge for Italian

:17:34.:17:36.

people because this constitutional reform reduces the red tape

:17:37.:17:41.

of bureaucracy, gives stability to the Italian

:17:42.:17:45.

institutions, and, finally, solves the problem of...

:17:46.:17:51.

The relationship between central government and

:17:52.:17:53.

So, for a lot of reasons, this is a great challenge

:17:54.:17:59.

We wind back a few months and David Cameron wasn't worried.

:18:00.:18:04.

He must have told you at the EU summit, I'm not worried

:18:05.:18:07.

He lost and his political career was finished.

:18:08.:18:12.

But I think this is a very different referendum.

:18:13.:18:25.

I think this is a very great opportunity for our citizens

:18:26.:18:28.

to reduce the costs of the politicians.

:18:29.:18:33.

To reduce the level of bureaucracy in Italy.

:18:34.:18:38.

Also populists will vote for our position.

:18:39.:18:45.

Isn't there a risk, though, that the Italian people won't vote

:18:46.:18:47.

We've seen in so many European countries, we look

:18:48.:18:52.

over to the Atlantic at the United States, there are more

:18:53.:18:55.

and more angry people, people who feel they've been left

:18:56.:18:58.

behind, and who are angry at the establishment,

:18:59.:19:00.

and even though your name is the Demolition Man,

:19:01.:19:04.

you want to change it today, but you sitting here,

:19:05.:19:07.

The risk is Italians may just vote against you as part

:19:08.:19:12.

But, at the same time, there is a question.

:19:13.:19:21.

The question of referendum is do you want to reduce the establishment?

:19:22.:19:28.

I think the real decision for anti establishment will be to vote yes.

:19:29.:19:33.

Will be to vote as government propose.

:19:34.:19:37.

Obviously, there are a lot of risks, but it's impossible to manage

:19:38.:19:42.

a political experience without a risk.

:19:43.:19:46.

It's impossible to have a great challenge in the Italian

:19:47.:19:50.

The Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

:19:51.:19:58.

Elderly people who regularly take common painkillers, such

:19:59.:20:00.

as ibuprofen, are at increased risk of heart failure.

:20:01.:20:03.

New research analysed the effects of anti-inflammatory drugs given

:20:04.:20:06.

But younger patients are unlikely to be affected, as our

:20:07.:20:10.

Medical Correspondent Fergus Walsh explains.

:20:11.:20:15.

For 40 years, Ann Nutt has struggled with rheumatoid arthritis.

:20:16.:20:21.

She needs medication to help her control chronic joint pain.

:20:22.:20:26.

She is prescribed diclofenac but research says these

:20:27.:20:29.

and similar painkillers, like ibuprofen and naproxen,

:20:30.:20:34.

Do I stop taking them and lose part of my independence or do I carry

:20:35.:20:43.

on taking them and, perhaps, put myself at a greater risk?

:20:44.:20:49.

That's the decision most of us out there are going to have to make

:20:50.:20:52.

The research has examined 27 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

:20:53.:20:57.

drugs being taken on prescription by 10 million people in Europe.

:20:58.:21:03.

Overall, the drugs increased the risk of being admitted

:21:04.:21:07.

to hospital with heart failure by 19% compared to

:21:08.:21:10.

But the study didn't show the underlying or absolute risk.

:21:11.:21:16.

All medicines have potential side-effects, but the warnings

:21:17.:21:21.

from this research really only apply to the elderly.

:21:22.:21:26.

The average age of the people in this study was 77.

:21:27.:21:29.

For them, doctors need to be careful when prescribing painkillers.

:21:30.:21:34.

As always, it's a balance between risk and benefit.

:21:35.:21:39.

A leading pharmacist sought to reassure the public.

:21:40.:21:43.

Younger patients occasionally take these drugs, short courses,

:21:44.:21:47.

and there's no evidence this is a problem.

:21:48.:21:49.

Older patients are generally getting these drugs prescribed

:21:50.:21:52.

by their doctor and their being monitored closely anyway.

:21:53.:21:55.

If people do have concerns, they should speak to their

:21:56.:21:57.

Ibuprofen and other anti-inflammatories

:21:58.:22:02.

But for the elderly and those at risk of heart disease,

:22:03.:22:07.

Let's return to our top story, the train crash in Hoboken in New

:22:08.:22:25.

Jersey. These are the pictures immediately after the crash.

:22:26.:22:34.

Witnesses will play a vital role in piecing together what went wrong. A

:22:35.:22:38.

number of the survivors and shocked onlookers spoke to the media in the

:22:39.:22:41.

immediate aftermath. Here is what they told us.

:22:42.:22:47.

When it comes into the station normally, it slows down, and it

:22:48.:22:55.

lightly rolls in. And it didn't do that today. And I felt the train

:22:56.:23:01.

car, it was off the track. And then the impact occurred. I had no idea

:23:02.:23:06.

what the front of the train could look like. I mean, I'd never seen

:23:07.:23:11.

anything like this in my life. And I saw the ceiling coming down, and it

:23:12.:23:16.

crumpled, and the passengers on the first car with the glass broken

:23:17.:23:21.

trying to get out, I knew that this was... More serious than New Jersey

:23:22.:23:23.

transit has ever had. The minute we turned around,

:23:24.:23:26.

we were approaching the station, I was thinking, the train

:23:27.:23:31.

is going to slow down. At first, I thought

:23:32.:23:33.

something exploded or... Because, typically,

:23:34.:23:37.

there is warning, and I just heard people screaming,

:23:38.:23:39.

and then I saw a big train coming. And the trend is basically

:23:40.:23:55.

came straight into me, came off the tracks,

:23:56.:23:57.

and straight towards where So, at that moment, when I saw that,

:23:58.:23:59.

I panicked, I turned around and ran. All I could see was the ceiling

:24:00.:24:03.

collapsing, the pipes coming down, and then, when it all calm down,

:24:04.:24:06.

I walked back towards fair. You see people coming off the train

:24:07.:24:13.

that were injured. Some people ringing their loved

:24:14.:24:16.

ones, telling them that I don't know how I survived, I'm lucky to be

:24:17.:24:19.

alive, there's people dead on the. I'm assuming it must

:24:20.:24:22.

have been coming fast. And I walked into Dunkin' Donuts

:24:23.:24:27.

to get a coffee. As soon as I got in line, you heard

:24:28.:24:29.

like a bomb. Everybody froze and I said, oh,

:24:30.:24:32.

my God, I heard water, So I ran outside and I just saw

:24:33.:24:36.

people jumping out of the train, You don't really believe it's

:24:37.:24:41.

happening in front of your face. I walked past that area where it

:24:42.:24:54.

happened 100 times a day. And I could never imagine that

:24:55.:24:57.

happening. I just couldn't believe

:24:58.:24:59.

what I was seeing. There certainly were some major

:25:00.:25:07.

injuries from things falling. People bleeding from

:25:08.:25:09.

the head or wherever. And, basically, running

:25:10.:25:12.

away from the area. They were coming through the

:25:13.:25:25.

windows, you know? People helping, people bleeding. I think the people

:25:26.:25:30.

who got hurt other people in the station. These are the images of the

:25:31.:25:37.

aftermath of that train crash, that's our top story that we've been

:25:38.:25:41.

following, as it developed. That trend that crashed in New Jersey

:25:42.:25:45.

during the morning rush hour at Hoboken station. We have had the

:25:46.:25:49.

latest from the governor of the state who said the numbers are one

:25:50.:25:55.

dead and 108 injured, some of them critically, including the train

:25:56.:25:58.

engineer. That is all from the programme. Next is the weather.

:25:59.:26:00.

The first widespread gales of the autumns swept into day. Another

:26:01.:26:18.

rather weaker system beginning to take shape further west, coming into

:26:19.:26:20.

play at

:26:21.:26:22.

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