30/09/2016 World News Today


30/09/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

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The headlines - Russia accuses the US of protecting Syrian rebels

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Russia's Foreign Minister tells the BBC that America is failing

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to separate their moderate rebel allies from Islamist fighters.

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They are either driven by al-Nusra, or some other terrorist

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organisation. Mission accomplished -

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the space probe Rosetta ends its twelve-year voyage

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in a planned crash-landing Donald Trump renews his attack

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on a former beauty pageant winner who criticised him

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for what she called sexist And what happened to two priceless

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Van Gogh masterpieces stolen A year to the day since Russia's

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bombing in Syria began, the Russian foreign minister has

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defended his country's actions Sergei Lavrov accused America

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of trying to protect the Islamist group formerly known

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as the Al-Nusra front - in the battle against

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President Assad. Monitoring groups say more

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than 9,000 civilians have been killed in Syria since Russia started

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bombing - but Mr Lavrov said Violence in Syria claimed more lives

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in Friday with 12 people killed Here's what Sergei Lavrov said

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to the BBC's Stephen Sackur. We take all necessary precautions

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not to hit civilians. The term collateral damage was not invented

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by others. You know by whom. -- was not invented by us. We are taking

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precautions to make sure we do not hit civilians by any chance. If this

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happens then we are very sorry but we need to investigate each and

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every accusation. So far we have not been given any meaningful proof of

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what has been said about the convoy which was formed, or attacked, on

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September 19, and we have good reasons to believe it was a

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provocation. Earlier this week US Secretary

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of State John Kerry threatened to break off cooperation with Russia

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over Syria because of the recent But Mr Lavrov says recent problems

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were mainly caused by American The entire problem derives from the

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fact that the USA and the coalition in

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fact that the USA and the coalition -- coalition it leads, cannot

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separate al-Nusra, and instead of separation we see more and more

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groups coming into alliance with al-Nusra, and deliver we hit

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al-Nusra we are told we can do it because there are people in there,

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but unless we all agree those who want to be part of the solution, the

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cessation of festivities, out of the positions occupied by them but ...

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Can Russia American relations be repealed or are they likely to get

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worse. Does the Russian Foreign Minister have a point that America

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has not done enough, cannot do enough, to separate out the good

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rebels from the bad rebels? He has a point. Our interests diverged inside

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Syria. I am not optimistic about USA- Russian cooperation and we find

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some way to reconcile strategic views. As long as you are trying in

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the Syrian context to find out who is aligned with the former al-Nusra

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by working closely with them on the battlefield, and debating those kind

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of fine point, then you will have fundamental disagreements. But they

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all arise from the fact Russia is fighting to keep President Assad in

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power, we are fighting, at least in part, to encourage him to leave

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power, his overthrow is not a specific background objective but we

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are trying to persuade him to step down in favour of a power-sharing

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government including Sunni Muslims. That is the basic American goal,

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which is in conflict with the Russian goal. So even if we can

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cooperate over humanitarian matters, and we're not even doing that right

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now, the fundamental strategic visions are in direct conflict and

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that must change if we are going to avoid these things in the future.

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And there are so many different rebel militias changing side on a

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daily basis. That's right. We cannot inspect otherwise in a situation

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where our friends have gotten very limited support from the USA or

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other outside players, because we have been so reluctant, partly for

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the reasons we are discussing, reluctant to give arms because they

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may have an affiliation or a previous battlefield tactical

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association with an extremist group. So we don't give them arms, so they

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get defeated on the battlefield, which means they need to work with

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al-Nusra even more than they did previously, so it becomes a self

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reinforcing problem. The only way to do it is to become willing, despite

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the objections of Russia, to help some moderate groups, who have

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occasionally cooperated with extremists, and then also go for a

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federal solution in Syria, a long-term vision of the state that

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allows President Assad to stay in power in Christian parts of the

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country but his autonomous zones in other parts of the country run by

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other indigenous leaders, sort of like a osmium model. If you don't do

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that I don't see how you the conflict the American and Russian

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objectives. But that runs the risk of turning a proxy war into

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something even more serious. I don't think so. I don't think you get the

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war much worse than it is now. I think it would reduce the conflict

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between the Russian and American approach, not because I'm suggesting

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we use American air power to one Russian bases or even shoot Russian

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aeroplanes out of the sky, but I think we have to be a little less

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reluctant to provide arms to certain groups, with our special forces on

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the ground. That is not going to produce, in my judgment, a Russian

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counter response any greater than Russia is already carrying out, it

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was right now Russia is going after any and all opposition groups, it

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considers them all the enemy of present facade. It defines them all

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as Russian enemies, even today. Therefore I think we will do better

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if we make our military and battlefield efforts a little more

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serious. Also, so President Assad can stay in the light and Christian

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parts of the country, in a autonomous zone, you just cannot be

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president of all Syria anymore. If we can come up with a changing

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political strategy to marry with a change in military strategy then I

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think US - Russian objectives are no longer in direct conflict. Thank you

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for joining us on the programme. For more than 12 years the Rosetta

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probe has travelled deep into space. But this afternoon it's mission came

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to an end, crash landing - deliberately - on the comet

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it's been circling, more The project's been seen as a major

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success for the European Space Our Science Editor David Shukman

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reports from Darmstadt in Germany. In one of the greatest ventures

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in space exploration, the strange landscapes of a comet are revealed

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in more detail than ever before. Cliffs and rocks, nearly 500 million

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miles away, photographed this morning and beamed back

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to us during the day, as the Rosetta spacecraft inched

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towards the surface. An animation shows how

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the touchdown was planned. Rosetta drifting down

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at walking pace. The end of a 12-year journey,

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a last chance to Rosetta has achieved more

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than anyone expected. We will be listening

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for the signal... Many here have devoted decades

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to this project, so all eyes were on a signal from a spacecraft

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which suddenly switched off. This is the end of

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the Rosetta mission. You know that when you do these

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things it comes to an end. But, you know, it is the end

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of a long, long mission. Emotions were so different

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two years ago. Monica Grady was leaping

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for joy back then. The tiny lander launched by Rosetta

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had made it down onto the comet. It did not anchor itself

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but it did deliver What's remarkable is that

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all of these manoeuvres in deep space were run from this control

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centre, and the mission has proved so successful that the volume

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of data flooding back will keep In fact, what they have seen already

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has left them amazed. They found that dust

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blasting off the comet contains many of the chemical

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ingredients needed for life. And this really matters,

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because one theory is that comets crashing into the early Earth helped

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to kick-start life here. It seems a bit crazy to fly

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hundreds of millions of kilometres through

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space to what looks like a cold, dead body,

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but it's actually full of complex

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molecules that we know if you were to bring them to the planet Earth

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when it was young, add water and sunlight, you could

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make life out of. sunlight, you could

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make life out of that. That's a huge discovery

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for us from Rosetta. We have all of the

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ingredients in place. So for understanding our own

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origins, this mission is turning out

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some key evidence. It's caught the

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imagination of people Donald Trump has used Twitter

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to attack a former beauty queen who accused him of making sexist

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remarks, and who is supporting his In a series of early morning tweets,

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Mr Trump urged his followers to check out an alleged sex

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tape of Alicia Machado - Ms Machado's case was raised

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by Mrs Clinton in the first presidential debate earlier this

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week as an example of Mr Trump's One of the worst things that he said

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was about a woman in a beauty contest, he loves beauty contests,

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supporting them, and hanging around them, and he called this woman

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missed birdie. Then he called her miss housekeeper. Because she is a

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Latina. She has a name. Her name is Alicia Machado and she is a US

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citizen. And you can bet she is going to vote this November. Our US

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correspondent joins me. Just bring us up to speed. Within the last hour

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he has treated saying, to those people mocking me for tweeting at

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3am in the morning, at least I am awake to answer the call. The

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message is, look, I am ready for the White House. But with the case of

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Alicia Machado it seems to have got under his skin and he acknowledged

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that in a Fox News interview just after the debate, when he said that

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she was a terrible contestant and she put on a tonne of weight, his

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words. He said then that, he admitted, that the whole case had

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gotten under his skin. A few days later in the early hours of the

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morning he unleashes a series of tweets, starting with, any time you

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see a story about me or my campaign, do not believe it, there are most

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sources, just made up lies. He then went on to Alicia Machado, saying,

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Crooked Hillary was duped by the worst Miss universe, he quoted her

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as an angel without checking out her past. He is trying to insinuate she

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has a past sex tape and is asking Americans to go and check it out. So

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that is the insinuation. Hillary Clinton, for her part, tweeted that

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Donald Trump was unhinged. The 3am tweet actually picks up on what

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Hillary Clinton used against Barack Obama in her campaign when she was

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standing for President of them. In terms of the polling, I know we

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cannot read too much into this, but Clinton has pulled away a bit since

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the debate. Is it the trend that will perhaps be worrying Donald

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Trump and his campaign, that this is perhaps the beginning of a momentum,

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as they might see it? They are trying to stave this off at the

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moment. His campaign had been urging him to stick to the point, try to

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just criticise elegant, emphasise her e-mail scandal, emphasise her

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political establishment credentials, try to appear as the

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antiestablishment candidate who can stand for change, not more of simply

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President Obama's regime, there are words. So what they are trying to do

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is show that side of Mr Trump, and stop the kind of continued personal

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attacks that he has unleashed on his Twitter account. They have been

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doing a lot of damage control when it comes to that. And we are seeing

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Hillary Clinton beginning to pull away again. The polling and narrowed

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prior to the debate, it looked very close, now she seems to be rolling

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ahead again. It is very early days, still 39 days to go before the

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election. Still to come... Bidding farewell to

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the former Israeli president. Leaders from all over the world

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gather to pay respects. In all of Russia's tomorrow it has never come

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to this. The president said it would decide the destiny of the nation.

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The night and many feared for so long is playing out its final act,

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Russians killing Russians in front of a grandstand audience. It was

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humility which produced affection from Catholics throughout the world

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but his departure is a tragedy for the Catholic Church. The Israeli

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right visited the religious compound and that started the trouble. He

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wants Israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an

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idea that is unthinkable to Palestinians.

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After 45 years of division Germany isn't one. In Berlin the 1 million

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Germans celebrate the rebirth of Europe's big a richest nation.

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The United States says the Russian foreign minister's assertion that

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Washington is trying to protect jihadist rebels in Syria is absurd.

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The space probe Rosetta has ended its 12 year voyage by crash landing

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deliberately on the comic it had been studying.

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The funeral has taken place in Jerusalem,

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of the former Israeli President, and Nobel Peace Prize

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Dozens of current and former world leaders attended

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They included Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian

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National Authority, who exchanged a rare handshake

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with the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu.

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Our correspondent Orla Guerin, watched the ceremony.

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A poignant final prayer for Shimon Peres.

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Mourned today by his family and by world leaders who viewed him

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We gather here in the knowledge that Shimon never saw his dream

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The region is going through a chaotic time.

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And yet he did not stop dreaming and he did not stop working.

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In death he brought Palestinian and Israeli leaders

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Mahmoud Abbas was warmly welcomed to the funeral, though the peace

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Israel's hawkish Prime Minister said Shimon Peres spent every minute

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But we find hope in his legacy, as does the world.

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As the tributes are being paid here now there is a real sense

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Shimon Peres was part of the fabric of Israel right from its birth.

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He is the last of the generation that helped to build the state,

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he occupied virtually every major post.

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Israelis are saying goodbye today, not just to an elder

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statesman but to a key part of their own history.

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Decades ago it was Peres who helped buy weapons for the Israeli

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army and who founded the countries's nuclear programme.

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In the 1970s he supported the building of Jewish settlements

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Many Palestinians will remember him as a man of war, not peace.

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Shimon Peres was taken for burial in the soil

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Orla Guerin, BBC News, Mount Herzl Cemetery, Jerusalem.

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Time to catch up with the sport. It has been the USA's day at the

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Ryder Cup so far, they lead Europe 4-0 after winning a whitewash in the

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opening foursomes, there is to start in 41 years. They are midway through

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the four balls now. That looks like things are picking up for you this

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afternoon. -- for Europe. It sure is. A blue sky has come out after a

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foggy start. There was a sea of red but there are 24 more points to be

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won and there is now some blue on the board. Let's bring you up to

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date. In the first match, Jordan Spieth and Patrick Reid versus

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Justin Rose and Henrik Stenson. The Europeans our two up in that one.

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You're also having a great bit of progress in the match with Garcia

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and Cabrera-Bello, they are three up. It is going the American way in

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the next clash, four up after eight holes. Rory McIlroy and Thomas

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Peters, they are turning around and morning loss and are four up after

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Dustin Johnson and Matt Kuchar really struggled in the afternoon

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sessions. Where did it go wrong this morning? How much it was the USA

:21:28.:21:31.

being brilliant and how much of it was being poor? -- was Europe being

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poor? You could also put it down to the American crowd. As I walked out

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for the first nine holes with most of the players and I really got a

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sense of the red, white, and blue, just losing through Hazeltine. --

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the really fired up to win it. When you look at the foursomes you

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realise that they are onto it. Let's get you quickly up to date if you

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missed the results, here they are, a sea of red for America. Jordan

:22:16.:22:25.

Spieth and Patrick Reid, brilliant in Gleneagles, they finished two up.

:22:26.:22:33.

And it was... Three and two, I should say, for that one. Dustin

:22:34.:22:45.

Johnson and Matt Kuchar, five and four over Lee Westwood and the

:22:46.:22:50.

debutant, Thomas Peters. Thank you very much. The Friday

:22:51.:22:55.

night Premier League match between Everton and Crystal Palace is tied

:22:56.:23:00.

1-1 at the moment at Goodison Park. 65 minutes on the clock. There is

:23:01.:23:08.

also a match going on in Scotland, Heart of Midlothian will move up to

:23:09.:23:12.

second place if the score stays like this, they lead Motherwell 2-0.

:23:13.:23:20.

England arrived in Bangladesh for the tour with a heavy security

:23:21.:23:24.

presence and armed guards lining virtually from the airport. They

:23:25.:23:28.

play their only warm up game on Monday ahead of the one-day

:23:29.:23:33.

internationals and two test hatches. More updates and the Ryder Cup and

:23:34.:23:35.

BBC News later on. Back to you. The Italian police have recovered

:23:36.:23:38.

two Van Gogh paintings which were stolen nearly

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fourteen years ago. The works were recovered

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from a criminal group in Naples. Thieves took the two works,

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"Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen"

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and "View of the Sea at Scheveningen" by smashing

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a window in the roof Our Italy Correspondent James

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Reynolds reports from Rome. The police in Naples showed off

:23:53.:24:09.

their recovery of the paintings by Vincent van Gogh of. One is an early

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seascape. The other is a depiction of his father's church. Each has

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lost its frame. But they are both in fairly good condition. It is a great

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day for us to see these works and know that they are safe. Of course

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we hope that they will be able to return to our museum as soon as

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possible. That is our great hope. The works were stolen in December

:24:39.:24:42.

2002 from the Vincent van Gogh of Museum in Amsterdam. Two men broke

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in through the building's roof and got away with the paintings. The

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suspected thieves were tracked down and convicted two years later but

:24:52.:24:56.

the works themselves remained missing. In January this year the

:24:57.:25:01.

Italian police arrested suspected members of a criminal network near

:25:02.:25:05.

Naples. Officers had been looking into allegations of drug

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trafficking. But reports say that one detainee confessed that the

:25:11.:25:12.

network was hiding the stolen works by Van Gough. Organised crime units

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like this, the will probably using the art, saving it, possibly for

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negotiation if somebody was arrested, need to plea bargain down

:25:30.:25:35.

a case. The Italian police will continue their investigations. The

:25:36.:25:38.

museum now looks forward to the return of its lost works.

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That is all from the programme. From me and the rest of the team in

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London, good night. Good evening. There will be plenty

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more of the

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