02/10/2016 World News Today


02/10/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 02/10/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:08.

Waving goodbye to the European Union.

:00:09.:00:14.

Britain's Prime Minister says she won't hang around in starting

:00:15.:00:17.

We will invoke Article 50 no later than the end of March next year.

:00:18.:00:43.

A blow for Hungary's right-wing Prime Minister as exit polls

:00:44.:00:46.

suggest his referendum on EU migrant quotas has failed,

:00:47.:00:48.

The New York Times says it has documents suggesting Donald Trump

:00:49.:00:52.

could have legally avoided paying federal income tax

:00:53.:00:54.

And there's voting too in Colombia, the President casting his ballot

:00:55.:00:59.

on a peace deal between HIS government and the FARC rebels.

:01:00.:01:18.

The British Prime Minister, Theresa May, has confirmed

:01:19.:01:21.

the government will begin the country's formal exit

:01:22.:01:24.

from the European Union by triggering Article 50 before

:01:25.:01:27.

She told the annual conference of her Conservative Party that

:01:28.:01:32.

a Great Repeal Act would undo the legislation which took Britain

:01:33.:01:36.

Carole Walker reports from the conference in Birmingham.

:01:37.:01:51.

Huge applause for Theresa May at her first party conference as Prime

:01:52.:01:59.

Minister. 100 days after the referendum, she said it was right

:02:00.:02:03.

for the government to have waited before triggering Article 50 to

:02:04.:02:07.

begin the formal negotiations, but she said she would not let things

:02:08.:02:12.

drag on too long. Let me be absolutely clear, there will be no

:02:13.:02:16.

unnecessary delays in invoking Article 50. We will invoke it when

:02:17.:02:23.

we are ready and will be ready soon. We will invoke Article 50 no later

:02:24.:02:31.

than the end of March next year. Alongside the negotiations, the

:02:32.:02:34.

legal process. The Prime Minister promised a great repeal bill to

:02:35.:02:38.

remove the act that brought us into the community -- European Community,

:02:39.:02:44.

which will transfer EU laws into UK law is. Our laws will be made not in

:02:45.:02:56.

Brussels but in Westminster. The judges interpreting those laws will

:02:57.:03:00.

set not in Luxembourg but in courts in this country. The authority of EU

:03:01.:03:09.

law in Britain will end. She had a direct message to those suggesting

:03:10.:03:14.

the Brexit vote would trigger a second referendum on Scottish

:03:15.:03:18.

independence. We will negotiate as one United Kingdom and we will leave

:03:19.:03:23.

the European Union as one United Kingdom. There is no opt out from

:03:24.:03:28.

Brexit and I will never allow divisive nationalists to undermine

:03:29.:03:32.

the precious union between the four nations of our United Kingdom. Many

:03:33.:03:39.

here are delighted that she is demonstrating the government getting

:03:40.:03:42.

on with the process of reading the EU. But there are some big

:03:43.:03:48.

questions. The Prime Minister has set out some of the practical steps

:03:49.:03:52.

under underway to take us out of the EU. She rejected the idea of a

:03:53.:03:58.

trade-off between access to your's single market and controlling

:03:59.:04:01.

immigration, but she still hasn't told us what terms she would demand

:04:02.:04:10.

for a future Brexit deal. Outside the conference, campaigners who want

:04:11.:04:14.

Britain to stay in the EU staged a protest. The Prime Minister made it

:04:15.:04:18.

clear there would be no going back, no second referendum after the

:04:19.:04:22.

biggest vote for change this country has ever known. But two years of

:04:23.:04:26.

tough negotiations will determine what that will mean for voters on

:04:27.:04:29.

both sides of the continuing argument.

:04:30.:04:34.

Has Theresa May's speech gone down well elsewhere in Europe? I asked

:04:35.:04:47.

our European editor in Budapest. The European Commission which will be

:04:48.:04:54.

key in those negotiations says it will not comment formally. It has

:04:55.:05:00.

been met politely with a slight shrug of the shoulders. She will

:05:01.:05:05.

launch those Brexit Torts by the end of March. That is six months away

:05:06.:05:10.

and in the meantime, EU leaders are waiting impatiently. They don't know

:05:11.:05:16.

what type of Brexit she wants and they have another dose of crises

:05:17.:05:22.

such as migration and Eurozone woes. We learnt a bit about what happened

:05:23.:05:29.

teas are, including securing of Britain's borders. How has that gone

:05:30.:05:34.

down there? As far as the EU is concerned, this is the time when the

:05:35.:05:39.

ball is in Theresa May's court. She decides the date when talks start

:05:40.:05:45.

and she tells the EU what type of Brexit she wants. But once the talks

:05:46.:05:51.

start, the clock starts ticking and then Brussels feels it has the upper

:05:52.:05:54.

hand because as it has foreseen, there are only two macro years given

:05:55.:06:01.

to Britain not just to get the future trade till it wants, or any

:06:02.:06:06.

regulation on borders, but also it needs to use that time to untangle

:06:07.:06:11.

itself from 43 years of UK EU relations.

:06:12.:06:17.

More than 98% of voters in Hungary have rejected EU migrant

:06:18.:06:19.

It is a result the president says is outstanding and cannot be ignored

:06:20.:06:34.

but legally give vote changes nothing because the turnout was less

:06:35.:06:35.

than 50%. This is a referendum which Viktor

:06:36.:06:49.

Orban wants to win and win well. He planned it as the cherry on the cake

:06:50.:06:54.

of his campaign against illegal migration and to launch a new role

:06:55.:06:59.

for himself on the European stage. If the lesson win, win to resign?

:07:00.:07:07.

Yes. Referendum in Hungary lead a 50% turnout to be legally binding.

:07:08.:07:11.

There were signs this one will not reach that but the overwhelming

:07:12.:07:16.

majority of those who did take part voted no to compulsory migrant

:07:17.:07:20.

critters. That could allow President Orban to claim at least a partial

:07:21.:07:25.

victory. I voted no because I am afraid that it will damage our

:07:26.:07:34.

culture or our religion. Opponents of the government had three choices.

:07:35.:07:38.

To vote yes to migrant critters, to boycott the referendum altogether or

:07:39.:07:46.

to spoil their vote. Over 1000 refugees is not a big deal. I think

:07:47.:07:57.

we have to help with these people. The Hungarian government has

:07:58.:08:00.

insisted throughout the refugee crisis that Europe fortify its outer

:08:01.:08:05.

borders. This referendum was an attempt to refocus the debate on the

:08:06.:08:09.

asylum seekers who have already arrived. Should they be

:08:10.:08:13.

redistributed to many countries as the European Commission wants or be

:08:14.:08:17.

treated as illegal immigrants as a Viktor Orban suggests?

:08:18.:08:29.

US Presidential candidate Donald Trump declared a loss

:08:30.:08:31.

of hundreds of millions of dollars in 1995 - that's according

:08:32.:08:33.

to the New York Times, which says it has seen his tax

:08:34.:08:36.

The newspaper alleges that the documents show Mr Trump

:08:37.:08:42.

declared a $916 million loss on his 1995 income tax returns,

:08:43.:08:46.

a tax deduction so substantial, it could have allowed him to legally

:08:47.:08:49.

avoid paying any federal income taxes for up to 18 years.

:08:50.:08:56.

Mr Trump's campaign has refused to publish his tax returns and said

:08:57.:08:59.

in a statement that Mr Trump is a highly-skilled businessman

:09:00.:09:03.

who has a fiduciary responsibility to his business, his family

:09:04.:09:07.

and his employees to pay no more tax than legally required.

:09:08.:09:11.

It added that Mr Trump had paid hundreds of millions of dollars

:09:12.:09:15.

in property taxes, sales and excise taxes, real

:09:16.:09:17.

estate taxes city taxes, state taxes, employee

:09:18.:09:20.

Joining me on the line from New York is Pulitzer Prize-winning

:09:21.:09:28.

journalist David Barstow, who co-wrote today's story

:09:29.:09:30.

This story has caused a storm since you published it last night. How did

:09:31.:09:45.

you come by these documents? The documents were actually mail to us.

:09:46.:09:55.

One of my colleagues on the story is unlike most of us very zealous about

:09:56.:10:02.

checking her mailbox every single day and they arrived in and

:10:03.:10:07.

envelope, three pages of documents, and immediately our question is, are

:10:08.:10:15.

these documents will? Can we authenticate them? When did they

:10:16.:10:21.

arrive? Did they come off the back of Hillary Clinton bringing up Trump

:10:22.:10:26.

is macro taxes? They arrived before the debate. Donald Trump's taxes

:10:27.:10:31.

have been one of the central issues of the campaign a bunch of us had

:10:32.:10:37.

been out there beating the bushes, seeing if we can find a way to get

:10:38.:10:46.

to his taxes. The reporter who did receive the envelope has written

:10:47.:10:50.

some extensive stories about Mr Trump's finances, so yes, she was

:10:51.:11:00.

the lucky recipient of three pages of documents. What exactly do the

:11:01.:11:05.

documents reveal? What they reveal is that in 1995, Donald Trump

:11:06.:11:15.

declared on his taxes a $916 million loss and it makes some sense

:11:16.:11:22.

immediately, because in the early 1990s was a very bad time for him

:11:23.:11:27.

and his businesses. He was losing tonnes of money in his casinos in

:11:28.:11:33.

Atlantic City and many of his other business ventures were losing money.

:11:34.:11:40.

What is I think a revelation from these documents is the extent to

:11:41.:11:48.

which Donald Trump was able to use our tax codes to benefit from the

:11:49.:11:53.

financial wreckage he left behind in the early 90s and what's more, that

:11:54.:12:01.

that enormous loss of over $900 million could be used to avoid

:12:02.:12:07.

paying any income taxes on an equivalent amount of money he might

:12:08.:12:11.

have earned over the following stretch of years. In all we are

:12:12.:12:20.

looking at an 18 year period that he could have avoided paying taxes on.

:12:21.:12:28.

The Trump campaign says it has paid hundreds of millions of dollars of

:12:29.:12:31.

taxes over the years and this story is does not paint a full picture.

:12:32.:12:37.

What is your response? In that long list of taxes you just described,

:12:38.:12:43.

one tax in particular you didn't mention and that is federal income

:12:44.:12:49.

taxes. That is really what is at issue, federal income taxes is what

:12:50.:12:53.

just about everybody in America pays and the notion that a billionaire

:12:54.:12:57.

could have gone 18 years without paying any income taxes is obviously

:12:58.:13:04.

the reason why the story has created such a ruckus over here today. Thank

:13:05.:13:07.

you very much for your time. Now for a look at some

:13:08.:13:11.

of the day's other stories. Dozens of people have been killed

:13:12.:13:14.

in Ethiopia in a stampede when a religious celebration turned

:13:15.:13:16.

into an anti-government protest. The event took place

:13:17.:13:26.

in one of the country's most sensitive regions,

:13:27.:13:28.

Oromia, which has seen several There have been explosions and

:13:29.:13:41.

gunfire in the disputed territory of Kashmir. The Indian Army says a town

:13:42.:13:48.

has come under attack. Both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir. Tensions

:13:49.:13:53.

have increased since a deadly attack on another Indian army base two

:13:54.:13:55.

macro weeks ago. Russia says its Foreign Minister

:13:56.:13:57.

Sergei Lavrov has had a phone conversation with the US Secretary

:13:58.:13:59.

of State John Kerry about "the possibility

:14:00.:14:02.

of normalising the situation around It follows the heavy

:14:03.:14:03.

bombardment of the Syrian city. Doctors in the rebel-held part

:14:04.:14:07.

of Aleppo say the city's main hospital has now been put entirely

:14:08.:14:09.

out of action by air strikes. Stay with us on BBC World News,

:14:10.:14:14.

still to come: The golfers of the United States and Europe

:14:15.:14:17.

battle it out for the Ryder Cup. We'll have the latest

:14:18.:14:20.

from Hazeltine. Here in the UK, one person has died

:14:21.:14:29.

and another remains in a critical condition in hospital

:14:30.:14:32.

after a light aircraft crashed The plane came down

:14:33.:14:34.

near Hardwick airfield, approximately 16 miles south

:14:35.:14:40.

of Norwich, this afternoon. A man in his 80s, was

:14:41.:14:42.

pronounced dead at the scene. The pilot is in a serious

:14:43.:14:46.

condition in hospital. Three people are still in hospital

:14:47.:14:49.

after yesterday's fatal crash involving a bus carrying

:14:50.:14:51.

Rangers' supporters. Ryan Baird, who was 39

:14:52.:14:54.

and from Dumfries, died in the incident

:14:55.:14:57.

on the A76 near Kilmarnock. The renowned British conductor

:14:58.:15:01.

and violinist Sir Neville Marriner Sir Neville worked with orchestras

:15:02.:15:08.

across the country and around the world in a career

:15:09.:15:13.

spanning seven decades. He started as a violinist

:15:14.:15:15.

with the London Symphony Orchestra and went on to found the Academy

:15:16.:15:19.

of St Martin in the Fields - one Prime Minister Theresa May says the

:15:20.:15:45.

process for Britain to leave the European Union will begin by the end

:15:46.:15:54.

of March at the latest. All existing EU law will be in into British law

:15:55.:16:00.

until it can be removed, changed or reviewed. I'm tangling more than 40

:16:01.:16:06.

years of legislation from British law will be complicated. Thereafter

:16:07.:16:11.

lashing images in this report. This is what the laws of the land look

:16:12.:16:17.

like at Westminster. British and EU thoroughly intertwined on everything

:16:18.:16:21.

from consumer rights, workers' rights, banking and more.

:16:22.:16:26.

Disentangling them is by any measure a mammoth undertaking. Here in its

:16:27.:16:30.

Kaikai is where every act of Parliament is stored going back to

:16:31.:16:36.

the 15th century, but things changed in 1972 with this, the European

:16:37.:16:40.

communities act which took us into what is now the EU and meant that

:16:41.:16:44.

its law became part of hours. That raises the question, once we are

:16:45.:16:50.

out, how do they get rid of those bits we do not want? Workers' rights

:16:51.:16:55.

are one area that could feel the heat when the process of repealing

:16:56.:17:01.

those laws gets fully underway in 2019. One example, a ruling from the

:17:02.:17:06.

EU's highest court that commission and overtime must be included in

:17:07.:17:11.

holiday pay. Employers say it drives up costs and some really don't like

:17:12.:17:16.

it. This is damaging for our industry and going forward it will

:17:17.:17:19.

have a negative impact on investment plans and our ability to grow and

:17:20.:17:26.

increase our export markets. It is a piece of ruling that needs to be

:17:27.:17:31.

done away with altogether. But many other workers' rights, from the EU.

:17:32.:17:35.

Will there be a wholesale overhaul? Thereon many employment law

:17:36.:17:43.

obligations that are deeply unpopular in business but I do not

:17:44.:17:47.

think there are going to be major changes. The rights are embedded and

:17:48.:17:55.

are expected by workers. There are lots of other laws that

:17:56.:17:57.

unambiguously have had a positive impact, for example, our beaches

:17:58.:18:05.

used to be awash with raw sewage into the EU directives clean them

:18:06.:18:10.

up. There is a huge amount to consider and some fear there will

:18:11.:18:13.

not be time for Parliament to scrutinise it all and it will be

:18:14.:18:18.

left just two ministers. The task is so great that I think the risk is we

:18:19.:18:24.

will end up seeing it being done by executive order, lots of these

:18:25.:18:27.

things that come from Europe that we want to keep will be dealt with in

:18:28.:18:33.

ways that are an democratic, they will be shopped through Parliament

:18:34.:18:38.

by regulation. We have to be very mindful of the risks. Keen to quell

:18:39.:18:43.

concerns, the government says any change will be by revolution not

:18:44.:18:49.

revolution about Britain's separation from EU law comes after a

:18:50.:18:55.

40 year marriage between the two legal systems. It is likely to be

:18:56.:18:57.

long and it could be painful. Let's go to Colombia

:18:58.:19:01.

where referendum over a peace deal between the government and the FARC

:19:02.:19:03.

rebel group has been taking place. The Colombian President said this

:19:04.:19:06.

was an opportunity to end 52 years of conflict and lead Colombia

:19:07.:19:12.

towards a better future. Opposition leaders say

:19:13.:19:15.

the government are appeasing rebels. The ex-president Alvaro Uribe says

:19:16.:19:19.

the agreement amounts to impunity for people

:19:20.:19:24.

wanting to avoid jail time. For more, I'm joined by Leonardo Goi

:19:25.:19:27.

from Fundacion Ideas para La Paz. Leonardo, what's your assessment

:19:28.:19:32.

of today's vote, there was some The entire peace process was

:19:33.:19:52.

premised on the idea of transitional justice, on the principle of truth,

:19:53.:20:00.

responsibility and reparation. According to what has been agreed

:20:01.:20:08.

upon, if a demobilised FARC member who will be found guilty of

:20:09.:20:15.

committing some of the atrocities will not take responsibility for the

:20:16.:20:20.

crimes committed, will not commit to repay the victims he or she has

:20:21.:20:26.

caused or will not commit to reveal the truth, he might face up to 20

:20:27.:20:31.

years in prison. It is not exactly the case that the government and the

:20:32.:20:35.

FARC have agreed to a wide impunity for everyone who choose to

:20:36.:20:40.

demobilised as a result of the agreement. Is the country going to

:20:41.:20:46.

vote for this deal or against? There is reason to be optimistic. The last

:20:47.:20:53.

exit polls showed that over 66% of Colombians are likely to vote in

:20:54.:20:57.

favour of the referendum. In order for the referendum to go through,

:20:58.:21:04.

only 13% of the electorate is needed to vote, only 4.3 million votes for

:21:05.:21:14.

the yes camps. There is also reason to be hopeful this will be the case

:21:15.:21:22.

as the FARC and government have made it clear that this will not mean a

:21:23.:21:26.

renegotiation of the terms already agreed upon that war will resume as

:21:27.:21:33.

a result of this. Thank you very much for your time.

:21:34.:21:37.

The United States closing in on victory at the Ryder Cup in

:21:38.:21:51.

Minnesota. Let's bring you up to date with the latest. Patrick Reed

:21:52.:21:57.

delivering a blow to Europe's chances. He beat War Rory McIlroy.

:21:58.:22:08.

Two good wins for Europe. Rafael Cabrera for Spain playing very well.

:22:09.:22:13.

Really when we get to the second pages where it looks very ominous

:22:14.:22:18.

for Europe. Although Lee Westwood is ahead, it is those final five

:22:19.:22:24.

matches in the left-hand column, United States leading in all of

:22:25.:22:29.

them. They need just four more points to win their first Ryder Cup

:22:30.:22:35.

since 2008. Further down the course they are ahead in five of the

:22:36.:22:39.

singles matches and so looking very ominous for Europe's chances of

:22:40.:22:46.

retaining the cup. Manchester City suffered their first league defeat

:22:47.:22:53.

of the season on Sunday losing 2-0 to Tottenham Hotspur. Aleksandar

:22:54.:22:57.

Kolarov turn the ball into his own net before Delhi Alley made it 2-0.

:22:58.:23:03.

Tottenham missed a penalty in the second half. The result sees spurts

:23:04.:23:10.

move up to second in the table. -- Spurs. We share a lot of values and

:23:11.:23:17.

we try to play under similar philosophies. I think it was an

:23:18.:23:27.

exciting game and I think city is a great team and to beat them was

:23:28.:23:32.

fantastic for us. Manchester United could only manage a draw against

:23:33.:23:39.

Stoke City at Old Trafford. Anthony put the home side on course for

:23:40.:23:44.

victory when he opened the scoring with just 20 minutes remaining but

:23:45.:23:49.

Stoke grabbed a late goal. Joe Allen capitalising a mistake from the

:23:50.:23:57.

keeper. Arsenal left it late but they beat Burnley thanks to a very

:23:58.:24:04.

late goal bundled in. The match March 20 years in charge for their

:24:05.:24:09.

boss Arsene Wenger. The goal coming with the last kick of the game and

:24:10.:24:14.

extended their winning run in the lead to five matches. We have been

:24:15.:24:19.

fortunate today to win the game because we are a bit jaded

:24:20.:24:25.

physically and our technique, some technical mistakes. But Burnley

:24:26.:24:32.

defended very well, every corner looked like they could score. In the

:24:33.:24:41.

end, it it is the kind of game you can win one, lose one. Leicester

:24:42.:24:45.

City continue to struggle. They were held to a goalless draw by

:24:46.:24:49.

Southampton and Charlie Austen should have scored. He went close

:24:50.:24:54.

with a two headers and hit the post. Jamie Vardy had Leicester's best

:24:55.:24:59.

chance. They have won only two of their seven league games. One lady

:25:00.:25:08.

in Australia has been found fighting off a crocodile. The woman and her

:25:09.:25:14.

small dog scene at the edge of the water on a salt water swims towards

:25:15.:25:19.

them. She then removes her flip-flop, she will do that in a

:25:20.:25:24.

second, and she will go on to slap it against to shoot the crocodile

:25:25.:25:34.

away. Rangers reckon there are more than 100 crocodiles in this stretch

:25:35.:25:42.

of river. The last fatal attack was reported in 1996. If you want to get

:25:43.:25:48.

in touch about that story, I am on Twitter. That is it from me and the

:25:49.:25:54.

team. Do stay with us here on BBC News. Goodbye.

:25:55.:26:13.

Most parts of the UK had a decent second part of the

:26:14.:26:14.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS