12/10/2016 World News Today


12/10/2016

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LineFromTo

Hello I'm Karin Giannone, this is BBC World News Today.

:00:08.:00:09.

A secret internment camp for former Islamic State militants -

:00:10.:00:12.

many of them from Europe - discovered in Syria.

:00:13.:00:14.

Some 300 defectors and their families are being held.

:00:15.:00:17.

We have an exclusive report from inside the camp.

:00:18.:00:27.

You give your life to them so they are starting to take control of your

:00:28.:00:34.

life. I know that I am in trouble, but this is what I choose and I will

:00:35.:00:37.

pay the price. Calls for medals for two Syrian

:00:38.:00:39.

refugees who handed in this man - the suspected Islamist

:00:40.:00:42.

bomber Jabar Albkar - Also coming up, students

:00:43.:00:44.

in South Africa continue to clash with police over government plans

:00:45.:00:47.

to stop free university education. And previously unseen

:00:48.:00:50.

photos of Truman Capote are now reaching a whole

:00:51.:00:51.

new audience The BBC has discovered that a Syrian

:00:52.:00:53.

rebel group, Jaish Al Tahrir, has set up a camp in the north

:00:54.:01:14.

of Syria to hold about 300 former fighters who've

:01:15.:01:17.

defected from The prisoners are from Europe,

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the Middle East, and North Africa. In many cases they're being held

:01:21.:01:24.

along with their families with the cooperation

:01:25.:01:26.

of foreign security services. The number of foreign fighters

:01:27.:01:32.

who joined IS is not clear. But it's believed up to 4,000

:01:33.:01:37.

people have gone from Europe Two-thirds of them come

:01:38.:01:40.

from four countries - France, Britain, Germany and

:01:41.:01:43.

Belgium. The Centre for

:01:44.:01:45.

Counter-Terrorism suggests of origin.

:01:46.:01:47.

returned to their countries From Istanbul, Quentin

:01:48.:01:51.

Sommerville reports. Where do jihadists go

:01:52.:01:57.

when their beloved Islamic State Some are being held here at a secret

:01:58.:01:59.

camp in northern Syria. The men are from Europe, across

:02:00.:02:10.

the Middle East and Central Asia. They're defectors and prisoners

:02:11.:02:18.

of war, In retreat, many have

:02:19.:02:19.

brought their families with them. He joined the so-called

:02:20.:02:27.

Islamic State from Holland. Now a captive, he

:02:28.:02:33.

renounces the group. You give your life to them

:02:34.:02:38.

so they're going to start taking I know I will get in trouble,

:02:39.:02:43.

but this is what I choose I hope I can get out soon

:02:44.:02:47.

and live my life normally. These are Egyptians,

:02:48.:02:56.

Tunisians, Holland... The camp is run by the rebel

:02:57.:03:03.

group Jaish al Tahrir. Its commander showedme

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the details Some will be returned to Europe,

:03:06.:03:06.

if the authorities promise to jail them, but others

:03:07.:03:10.

will face Syrian justice. TRANSLATION: We refer them to courts

:03:11.:03:16.

and they roll according If they had committed murder then

:03:17.:03:19.

they might be executed. Some are jailed just

:03:20.:03:25.

because they still hold The Islamic State's

:03:26.:03:27.

court is collapsing. They're losing territory

:03:28.:03:35.

and an increasing number of people Joining IS was relatively easy,

:03:36.:03:38.

but leaving is difficult. "It was hard, really hard,"

:03:39.:03:44.

says this defector We've also learned that European

:03:45.:03:47.

intelligence agencies are on a mission in northern

:03:48.:03:59.

Syria to find, capture They're working alongside some rebel

:04:00.:04:01.

groups to create a kind of underground railroad,

:04:02.:04:07.

which will bring IS group supporters but these European jihadists

:04:08.:04:10.

want to come back. Quentin Sommerville,

:04:11.:04:19.

BBC News, Istanbul. Russia and the US will start talking

:04:20.:04:39.

about the war in Syria again. Last month US accused Russia of bombing

:04:40.:04:41.

and a convoy. of the Syrian city of Aleppo

:04:42.:04:43.

markets in the rebel-held east is reported to have killed

:04:44.:04:48.

at least 15 people. Rescue workers say women

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and children There had been a brief lull

:04:51.:04:52.

in the strikes by Syrian government

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and Russian warplanes. But they started again

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on Tuesday, Lawyers for the only surviving

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suspect in the Islamist terror attacks in Paris last November have

:04:59.:05:08.

said Salah Abdeslam has been held

:05:09.:05:10.

in solitary confinement since he was captured

:05:11.:05:14.

earlier this year. His lawyers said he doesn't wish

:05:15.:05:16.

to talk They also said the constant 24-hour

:05:17.:05:18.

surveillance had caused their client to clam up, and that they were left

:05:19.:05:23.

with no choice but to step back. TRANSLATION: We know, we are

:05:24.:05:39.

convinced, and he told us in job that he will not speak and enact his

:05:40.:05:42.

right to remain silent. In our position, what would you have us do?

:05:43.:05:48.

I told you from the first day that if my client remains silent, we may

:05:49.:05:54.

stop defending him. There are calls in Germany to honour

:05:55.:05:56.

two Syrian refugees who overpowered to so-called Islamic State.

:05:57.:05:59.

links The two Syrians gave shelter to a

:06:00.:06:02.

fellow Syrian asylum seeker, Jabar Albakr, but then recognised

:06:03.:06:05.

him as the target of a nationwide manhunt and

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overpowered him before tying him up and calling the

:06:08.:06:09.

police. One of the men has spoken

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to German television TRANSLATION: I don't want something

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like this to happen in this country. No one welcomes Syrians like they do

:06:28.:06:31.

in this country. We respect this country and its people, its

:06:32.:06:34.

government and its laws. You don't want something like this to happen

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here. He tried to bribe us with money so that we would release him.

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We told him it doesn't matter how much he pays, we will not release

:06:43.:06:44.

him. You told us how you got involved

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with the search for this man. The suspect in this case, he's on the

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run, and the police are looking for him. I got to Facebook and I have

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known a lot of serene friends there. So I checked my Facebook and I saw

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immediately lots of messages popping up, Syrians taking to Facebook to

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call on people to find the guy and taken to the police. There were lots

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of calls in private messages but also in the big Facebook groups.

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Syrians are very organised through social media, through Facebook. They

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were calling, whenever you see this guy, call the police. And assist the

:07:51.:07:56.

police. Because he might be an Isis terrorist. He might conduct a

:07:57.:08:01.

terrorist attack. In the end, this man was handed over to police. There

:08:02.:08:07.

have been calls from Germany for them to be rewarded in some way.

:08:08.:08:13.

Your newspaper is calling them the Syrian refugee heroes. How big is

:08:14.:08:16.

the appetite for them to get some kind of reward for that? There are

:08:17.:08:24.

already some calls from politicians to reward these two Syrians who

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overpowered him, who tied him up and handed them over to the police. Of

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course, it will take some time because authorities have to

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investigate the case and see all the details and whatever, and

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recognition will come out of this. But be called heroes, hero refugees,

:08:41.:08:54.

not just because they tied him up, also to show the tremendous efforts

:08:55.:08:59.

that many Syrians in Germany were taking. It was like a joint effort

:09:00.:09:06.

of many Syrians who posted in these Facebook groups, calling for

:09:07.:09:10.

arresting this terrorist and it was these efforts of the Syrians that

:09:11.:09:16.

were with the terrorist, that put him where he actually is, so it was

:09:17.:09:20.

like a joint effort. I spoke to one Syrian activist, he's an Isis

:09:21.:09:32.

activist, from activist group, an anti-Isis group that worked inside

:09:33.:09:36.

the territory of Islamic State, to document life under this terror

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group. He was one of the first Syrians who went to Facebook to warn

:09:43.:09:46.

of this terrorist. I spoke with him and he told me, you know, I came

:09:47.:09:53.

from a country that is torn apart by war and terror. I know how bad

:09:54.:09:58.

terror is and attacks against civilians, and I don't want the

:09:59.:10:02.

country getting refugees to be hit by that. I'm so sorry, we're out of

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time, thank you very much. Police and students have been

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clashing at universities free education for all

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as demonstrators demanding try to shut down colleges,

:10:16.:10:18.

in the lead-up to final exams. As Alastair Leithead

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reports from Johannesburg, protest and political infighting

:10:22.:10:22.

are symptoms of what South Africa has failed to achieve,

:10:23.:10:25.

22 years after the end of apartheid. Today in Pretoria they took their

:10:26.:10:46.

demands for free education off the campus and onto the streets. The

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first children to be born after the end of apartheid are coming of age,

:10:51.:10:57.

and AIB. -- they are angry. Bizarre scenes reminiscent of another time.

:10:58.:11:02.

Their parents for the authorities for freedom, but this generation

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wants more. If students can't graduate,

:11:04.:11:17.

there are no junior doctors, no trainee teachers, the country

:11:18.:11:19.

and the economy will suffer. This is more indicative of bigger

:11:20.:11:34.

problems in South Africa about questions over inequality and about

:11:35.:11:40.

race. There are still much white wealth in June and Esbjerg's fastest

:11:41.:11:46.

suburbs which towers above the poor township of Alexandria. It is here

:11:47.:11:51.

that 18-year-old law student lives with her aunt, who brought her up

:11:52.:11:54.

when she was orphaned at eight years old. Maybe we're protesting like

:11:55.:12:01.

this, because we know that there is money but it is not used

:12:02.:12:05.

appropriately, so that is why. She just wants to get back to class. Her

:12:06.:12:12.

aunt has struggled to pay fees despite it. If anything was going to

:12:13.:12:20.

be, was going to be easy for everyone, for the poor, for the

:12:21.:12:28.

poorest. President Jacob Zuma and his ruling African National Congress

:12:29.:12:31.

have been smeared by scandals and allegations of corruption. Freedom

:12:32.:12:36.

wasn't supposed to be like this. People are really just saying that

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we don't think that what's being done to redress, to build a new

:12:43.:12:50.

South Africa, is adequate. And the government, instead of responding to

:12:51.:12:56.

our legitimate grievances is ignoring us. There is little sign up

:12:57.:13:02.

protests fading, with more demonstrations planned across the

:13:03.:13:07.

country. This is an important time in South Africa's coming of age.

:13:08.:13:13.

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump is on the campaign

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trail today in Florida amid a crisis in the party over his candidacy.

:13:17.:13:20.

After a bruising few days of Republican politicians

:13:21.:13:21.

abandoning him after the Trump Tapes revelations,

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he took to the state to persuade voters to back him.

:13:27.:13:30.

Most of his speech today at the rally in Ocala was spent

:13:31.:13:33.

attacking Hillary Clinton, following emails released

:13:34.:13:36.

by WikiLeaks on Tuesday, that appeared to show the

:13:37.:13:38.

Department of Justice communicating with the Clinton campaign

:13:39.:13:40.

over the investigation into her private email server.

:13:41.:13:42.

The Hillary Clinton documents, have you been seeing what's been going

:13:43.:13:58.

on? Released by WikiLeaks make more clear than ever just how much is at

:13:59.:14:03.

stake in November and how unattractive and dishonest our

:14:04.:14:13.

country has become. The election of Hillary Clinton would leave, in my

:14:14.:14:18.

opinion, to the almost total destruction of our country as we

:14:19.:14:19.

know it. Now a look at some of the day's

:14:20.:14:24.

other news. In Thailand, large crowds

:14:25.:14:26.

of well-wishers have continued to pray outside the hospital

:14:27.:14:28.

in Bangkok, where the king

:14:29.:14:30.

is dangerously ill. The palace say his condition has

:14:31.:14:31.

"not yet stabilised". The Thai king is the world's

:14:32.:14:34.

longest-serving monarch, The Indian army says that

:14:35.:14:36.

a three-day standoff between soldiers and armed militants

:14:37.:14:39.

has come to an end in An Indian army spokesman said

:14:40.:14:42.

the fighting ended when two militants who had taken up positions

:14:43.:14:49.

in an empty government building, close to the region's main city

:14:50.:14:51.

of Srinagar, were killed. He said the building had been

:14:52.:14:54.

searched and weapons recovered. Samsung has lowered its forecast

:14:55.:15:00.

for third-quarter profit by a third that it was stopping production

:15:01.:15:02.

of its Galaxy Note Seven phone. Safety fears have been

:15:03.:15:06.

increasing after a number

:15:07.:15:10.

of models caught fire. The South Korean company's share

:15:11.:15:12.

price fell further on Wednesday Ireland is a land rich

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in mythical tales about giants and now there is a thought

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that those legends may be built Scientists are working

:15:26.:15:28.

to try to identify people who are carrying what they are

:15:29.:15:32.

calling "a giant gene". Researchers have found it's more

:15:33.:15:34.

commonly carried by people in County Londonderry in Northern

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Ireland. Our Ireland Correspondent

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Chris Buckler reports. These stone circles aren't the only

:15:39.:15:44.

link to history here in Mid Ulster. This is a land of giants,

:15:45.:15:48.

and that's a title that comes Among those strolling these shopping

:15:49.:15:51.

streets are a select group of people who carry what's become

:15:52.:16:04.

known as the giant gene. That's me when I was seven

:16:05.:16:06.

or eight years old. At his height, he stood almost 6'11"

:16:07.:16:09.

tall, and it is likely he would have grown to over seven feet tall

:16:10.:16:19.

if he hadn't been treated for a genetic disorder

:16:20.:16:23.

that caused gigantism. Do you object to being

:16:24.:16:25.

called a giant? People can call me what they like,

:16:26.:16:27.

and many a time they have. However, gigantism is a condition

:16:28.:16:31.

that can be life-threatening. My mother passed it to me,

:16:32.:16:35.

and she never knew that. And many people still, to this day,

:16:36.:16:41.

are passing the gene on without knowing it,

:16:42.:16:45.

and that will continue. DNA evidence shows Brendan

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is related to Charles Byrne. His skeleton is on display

:16:50.:16:51.

in a London Museum. He was more than seven

:16:52.:16:54.

and half feet tall. Born in Mid Ulster in the 1700s,

:16:55.:17:00.

famously known in London But it is only a decade

:17:01.:17:02.

since scientists worked out a genetic link to the condition,

:17:03.:17:09.

which affects the pituitary gland, causing abnormal growth and many

:17:10.:17:11.

other mecical problems. 20% of people who carry the gene

:17:12.:17:18.

will develop the disease, so people could develop

:17:19.:17:21.

blindness, severe headaches But, with effective therapy,

:17:22.:17:23.

I think the problem can be So the emphasis really is on early

:17:24.:17:28.

diagnosis and early treatment. Irish folklore is full of tales

:17:29.:17:37.

of giants, not least Finn MacCool, who it is claimed built Antrim's

:17:38.:17:42.

famous Giant's Causeway. Researchers believe, in at least

:17:43.:17:47.

some of the many stories, And with the gene still present

:17:48.:17:49.

in the population here, they've been carrying out tests

:17:50.:17:58.

to try to identify There's clearly a giant

:17:59.:18:01.

hotspot in the middle We were surprised, as well,

:18:02.:18:09.

because a lot of the people we found really are no different

:18:10.:18:14.

than anybody else. They're normal height,

:18:15.:18:16.

stature and so on. But of course, with

:18:17.:18:18.

the complications, it may be one or two generations down the line,

:18:19.:18:22.

in their children or grandchildren, that's what we're hoping

:18:23.:18:24.

to prevent with this. There was probably at least some

:18:25.:18:29.

truth in the centuries But it is likely that at their heart

:18:30.:18:33.

was a gene that caused That is why many want the idea

:18:34.:18:40.

of generations of giants Let's return to the campaign trail

:18:41.:19:01.

in the United States. We showed you Donald Trump campaigning in Florida.

:19:02.:19:08.

Is the focus now on these essential states in the final four weeks? It

:19:09.:19:14.

has to be. That is typical of any presidential campaign in the modern

:19:15.:19:21.

era. You look at key swing states like Florida, Ohio, North Carolina,

:19:22.:19:27.

Colorado, Nevada, they will both be there to debate next week. The

:19:28.:19:32.

entire map boils down to places where the margins are close. If you

:19:33.:19:36.

look right now Hillary Clinton is doing well in all of them, leading

:19:37.:19:41.

in a lot of the key swing states. She definitely has the upper hand

:19:42.:19:45.

going into these last few weeks. With President Obama urging senior

:19:46.:19:50.

Republicans to withdraw support from Donald Trump, the UN human rights

:19:51.:19:55.

chief saying that the world is in danger of Donald Trump becomes

:19:56.:19:57.

president, that is not going to worry him or his supporters, and

:19:58.:20:01.

Julie? I don't think anyone in the UN is going to carry a lot of water

:20:02.:20:08.

among Donald Trump voters. But Barack Obama with harsh words

:20:09.:20:11.

condemning Donald Trump that will help to activate the Democratic

:20:12.:20:18.

base. Barack Obama is popular and his popularity is increasing month

:20:19.:20:22.

after month. He is in the high 50s as far as approval ratings go right

:20:23.:20:27.

now. When he says that Donald Trump is not qualified to work at a

:20:28.:20:31.

convenience store, that will get the Democratic base roused up. Early

:20:32.:20:36.

voting is happening in Ohio, a key swing state, and he wants to get

:20:37.:20:41.

them out to the polls. How much controversy is being generated by

:20:42.:20:45.

these stories about the e-mails? A lot of people here in Washington are

:20:46.:20:50.

talking about it. It gives an interesting sort of insight into the

:20:51.:20:53.

Hillary Clinton campaign. What happened was somebody hacked into a

:20:54.:20:58.

senior adviser of Hillary Clinton. And we see some of the infighting

:20:59.:21:03.

and messaging back and forth about what sort of campaign strategy,

:21:04.:21:07.

maybe a cosy relationship between Hillary Clinton and the US media.

:21:08.:21:12.

That will be part of Donald Trump's stump speech. He will try to portray

:21:13.:21:16.

Hillary Clinton as part of the establishment that he is railing

:21:17.:21:21.

against. Everything is getting overwhelmed by this secret tape that

:21:22.:21:23.

was released on Friday that showed Donald Trump making off-colour

:21:24.:21:29.

remarks about advances on women and such, and that still has not died

:21:30.:21:33.

down. I don't think that the e-mail story is breaking through to the

:21:34.:21:38.

electorate get. We're still recovering from the last televised

:21:39.:21:42.

debate, but there are still one more to go. Yes, that's Wednesday in Las

:21:43.:21:47.

Vegas. Donald Trump says he will be there although he has been critical

:21:48.:21:50.

of the debate commission that has been putting them on. All eyes will

:21:51.:21:54.

be on the two candidates who will be on the same stage again on Wednesday

:21:55.:21:56.

week. For fans of photography

:21:57.:21:58.

the work of David Attie But now nearly 35 years

:21:59.:22:00.

after his death his His son, Eli Attie, uncovered images

:22:01.:22:05.

from a shoot with Truman Capote Now they are on display

:22:06.:22:09.

at the Brooklyn Historical Society. I started digging through these

:22:10.:22:22.

dusty wooden boxes with all my father's negatives exactly

:22:23.:22:25.

as he left them. I found an envelope that said

:22:26.:22:33.

"a holiday Capote" and I didn't know he had anything to do

:22:34.:22:36.

with Truman Capote, so it was only Brought them back to LA, had them

:22:37.:22:38.

printed and my jaw hit the floor. I just thought they were amazing

:22:39.:22:43.

portraits of Capote He really liked the work my father

:22:44.:22:45.

had done for Breakfast At Tiffanys. My guess it was Capote who said

:22:46.:22:57.

to Holiday Magazine when he was hired to write an essay

:22:58.:22:59.

about his life in Brooklyn, He did these incredible portraits

:23:00.:23:04.

of him in the house that he lived in in Brooklyn Heights and then

:23:05.:23:15.

Capote, for the rest of that day, led him around Brooklyn Heights

:23:16.:23:18.

and showed him people and places Holiday only used four pictures

:23:19.:23:21.

from the shoot which were all images of people on the streets of Brooklyn

:23:22.:23:25.

Heights. He didn't use any pictures of Capote

:23:26.:23:29.

who wasn't super-famous at the time. Then it was all stuck in envelopes

:23:30.:23:32.

and stuck in the closet. You know that essay has been

:23:33.:23:35.

reprinted tonnes of times The photographs were

:23:36.:23:38.

just kind of gone. I really felt they were pictures

:23:39.:23:40.

of Brooklyn taken by someone

:23:41.:23:42.

who knew and cared about Brooklyn. Brooklyn captured by a son of

:23:43.:23:46.

Brooklyn. There is a real tenderness

:23:47.:23:47.

in the point of view and the way he shows the children playing

:23:48.:23:51.

on the street, an old couple standing on stoops and guys

:23:52.:23:55.

gathering outside of the Civic club. It is a very affectionate

:23:56.:23:57.

portrait of that time. There's nothing voyeuristic

:23:58.:23:59.

about it. You get the sense that there

:24:00.:24:05.

were some interaction to my father and his subjects that was a warm one

:24:06.:24:10.

and I think he brought a lot of himself in his connection

:24:11.:24:14.

to people and was a very I think he brought

:24:15.:24:16.

it back to his work. I think he was trying to do photo

:24:17.:24:20.

montages and these kinds of images that may have been a little more

:24:21.:24:26.

cutting-edge at the time. I don't think he trusted his eye

:24:27.:24:29.

as a straight, narrative photographer and that work

:24:30.:24:31.

is being seen now and appreciated. I feel like I understand

:24:32.:24:34.

his creative process. I feel like I understand his

:24:35.:24:36.

frailties in a way I never

:24:37.:24:39.

could have thought about as a kid. What's so great about

:24:40.:24:42.

the Brooklyn Historical Society show is it doesn't just have vintage

:24:43.:24:46.

prints of my father's and a whole bunch of these newly discovered

:24:47.:24:50.

and newly printed images. It also treats it as the historic

:24:51.:24:53.

body of work that I think it is. It started with a Google search

:24:54.:24:59.

where very little popped up on him and I just felt he was a great

:25:00.:25:02.

artist and somebody I cared I just wanted people to see his work

:25:03.:25:05.

and love it. Some news that a film production

:25:06.:25:24.

company has been fined $2 million for an accident in which Hollywood

:25:25.:25:28.

star Harrison Ford was quashed by a metal door on the set of Star Wars,

:25:29.:25:34.

the force awakens. The incident happened two years ago during

:25:35.:25:39.

rehearsals at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire in the UK. He was

:25:40.:25:45.

struck by a metal door and Harrison Ford, as a result, broke his leg on

:25:46.:25:46.

set. Don't forget you can get

:25:47.:25:48.

in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -

:25:49.:25:51.

I'm @KarinBBC. And you can see what we are working

:25:52.:25:53.

on via facebook too. Hello, some subtle changes over the

:25:54.:26:15.

next few days. A southerly wind developing as pressure falls and

:26:16.:26:18.

lower pressure dominates as we head into the weekend. Higher pressure

:26:19.:26:21.

again centred

:26:22.:26:22.

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