13/10/2016 World News Today


13/10/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tom Donkin.

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He was the world's longest serving monarch.

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Outside the hospital where he was being treated people

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World leaders have also been paying tributes.

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Donald Trump strongly denies a series of new reports

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that he groped or kissed women without consent.

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These vicious claims about me, of inappropriate conduct with women are

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totally and absolutely false. An alleged prisoner swap in Nigeria

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sees 21 kidnapped schoolgirls Bob Dylan becomes the the first

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musician to win the Nobel The death of Thailand's King

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Bhumibol Adulyadej marks "the most devastating

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moment for Thais". Those were the words

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of the country's prime minister after it was confirmed that the 88

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year old king - the world's longest President Obama said the king had

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been a, "tireless champion There is widespread grief

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in Thailand and members of the international community have

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also been paying tribute. President Obama said the king had

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been a "tireless champion And at the United Nations General

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Assembly in New York, a minute's silence was observed

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in honour of King Bhumibol. Then, this tribute from

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the Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon. He was revered as a unifying

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national leader and a highly respected figure internationally.

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The outpouring of emotion in Thailand itself, has been acute.

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Here, outside the hospital where the king had been

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undergoing treatment - hundreds of people

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TRANSLATION: I feel crushed. We will make him proud when he looks down

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and he will feel proud. We have two be strong, Thailand has to be strong

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and move forward. The country's strict laws means that there is no

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public discussion about the monarchy but the Prime Minister has confirmed

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the crown prince will be the new king.

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It was a moment everyone here knew was coming but few

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The long-expected announcement from the Palace, that the king

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who had reigned and inspired them for 70 years, had died.

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Still the cry went out - "Long live the king."

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Well, we've seen an intensely emotional reaction here to the news

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The unquestioned reverence to the monarchy in Thailand is not

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what it was, but the emotional bond that people across this country

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feel, to a man they still refer to as "Father of the nation",

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His death will leave an enormous void, one which may well have

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consequences for this country's political stability.

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He'd acceded to the throne when the monarchy was

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During his long life, the country modernised quickly.

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Yet, the king was treasured as a symbol of older, spiritual

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values, against the backdrop of rapid growth and messy politics.

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But, as he aged, Thailand became more polarised and the royal brand

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By the time of his death, he'd been out of sight for years.

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Yet, the grief on display was raw and very real.

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They remember a king, who, in earlier years,

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devoted himself to public duty and his charisma,

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they believe, underpinned their country's fortunes.

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Tim Forsyth is Professor of South-east Asian Studies

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I'm happy to say that he joins me now, it is good to see you. The

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country has boosted security because of this, we are in uncharted

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territory, we have not had this before. We have spoken of the Crown

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Prince saying he wanted to delay the process but what do we know about

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what will happen now? The technical role of the Privy Council Office to

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nominate the future monarch and they've already done that, they have

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basically said that it will be the Crown Prince and he is showing a

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mark of respect by undergoing one month of morning and then he will

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take up the role and the rest of Thailand will undergo another year

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of mourning. The big question is, what will happen to the government?

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In 2014 a military government took over, there was a military coup and

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they have undertaken various steps to control the politics and now the

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monarchy is assured and we will know what will happen, the likelihood is

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we move towards a general election and a new form of politics. A smooth

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transition is important in the country. It is hard and in some

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cases against the law to talk about the royal family in tile and

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especially. It is there to say the new king, the

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Crown Prince, he will not have the same reverence or respect as his

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father? Well, it is fair to say that he is not as popular as his father.

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But I also think the circumstances have changed a great deal, King

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Bhumibol Adulyadej has been in power for 70 years. In that time, Thailand

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has transformed from a relatively poor and rural country into a

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relatively successful and industrial power. In those years, the

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government and monarchy were seen as a strong counterpoint to communism

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in Southeast Asia and now the situation is very different. I think

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the role of the monarchy has changed. And on that point of the

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role of the monarchy, how do you see it going forward? The King was very

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much out of politics, he did not deal with it except in 1992 when he

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intervened in a coup but that was because of his ill health.

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Now we have a younger model, throwing, will he be more involved

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in politics? As things stand, the Crown Prince has not particularly

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been involved in politics and will take over where his father left.

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It's good to talk to you, Tim Forsyth, the professor of East Asia

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studies at the London School of economics. Thank you.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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The death of a Syrian refugee suspected of planning a bomb attack

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in Germany has been condemned as a scandal by his lawyer.

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Jaber al-Bakr strangled himself in a Leipzig jail with his shirt -

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and the government has demanded an immediate inquiry.

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The European Council President has suggested Britain might not leave

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the European Union because it would mean a damaging "hard Brexit".

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Donald Tusk, who will oversee negotiations between Brussels

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and London, stressed that Britain had little chance of securing

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a "soft Brexit" where kept the benefits of EU membership

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Aid groups have asked a French court to delay the closure

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of the Calais migrant camp, known as the "Jungle",

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arguing authorities are not ready to relocate refugees.

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French President Francois Hollande wants to close the "Jungle" and move

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around 9,000 migrants who live there - to reception

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The Portuguese politician Antonio Guterres has been

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officially appointed the next Secretary General of

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The appointment was made at the UN headquarters in New York.

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Mr Guterres - who was also a former UN High Commissioner for Refugees -

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will take over from Ban Ki-Moon in January.

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21 of the Chibok schoolgirls - the same girls kidnapped more

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than two years ago by Boko Haram militants - have been freed.

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The announcement, which came from the President's office,

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But authorities say the girls were released following negotiations

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between the government and Boko Haram.

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Four imprisoned militants were reportedly freed,

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although the government denies the girls were released

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It's good to see you. Let's talk about this allergic deal. It -- this

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deal. Boko Haram wanted to swap prisoners with the government, that

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has not happened. But they did say that there was some negotiations

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which took place but they have not swapped any prisoners. But we do

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know that many people have been taken from Boko Haram, not just the

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schoolgirls from Chibok. Is there hope that there will be a new

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relationship between the government and Boko Haram? The government says

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it is doing everything it can to release the schoolgirls, what is

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being withheld some information, they've not said much about

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negotiations and what is taking place between them and Boko Haram

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but what we have now is that 21 girls have been released and they

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are still hoping for more to be released. For those of us who cannot

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remember as well as you, I guess, take us back to when the schoolgirls

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were taken. There was a huge social media campaign in this part of the

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world and Nigeria, what was the reaction to such a brazen capture?

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So many young girls? A lot of people are still in shock. There are a lot

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of other girls not from the Chibok area who were stolen. There are a

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lot of people looking for their children and all of that. Some

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parents are still traumatised by that effect. There has been a lot of

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social media issues and comments about stuff like that. Now, there

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are 196 left after the 21 but there is renewed hope that they will be

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released. The government is showing that they are doing more to get

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these girls released. The government does not give a running commentary

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on how they deal with Boko Haram but we are seeing a shift in terms of,

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not a military campaign against the group, but negotiations moving

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forward? They are still fighting Boko Haram but yes, they are

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negotiating as they have said, but the negotiations have been put

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through with the help of the Red Cross and the Swiss government.

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Thank you. The Republican presidential

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candidate Donald Trump is under renewed pressure tonight

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following more allegations A woman has told the New York Times

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that he grabbed her breasts and put his hand up her skirt

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during a flight in the 1980s. Mr Trump has tweeted that the story

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is a total fabrication - and his lawyers are threatening

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to sue the paper, according Here's our North America Editor Jon

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Sopel. This woman, talking

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to the New York Times recounts how she was on a flight

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and moved to first class. She found herself sitting

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next to Donald Trump. He was like an octopus,

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like he had six arms. He started putting

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his hand up my skirt. Two of the allegation

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that is emerged last night concern sexual misconduct by Mr Trump

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at his One woman, a writer

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for People magazine had gone to interview him and his wife

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for a piece on their first wedding Melania Trump was heavily pregnant

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at the time and gone upstairs it change when the reporter

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claims Mr Trump pounced. In response on Twitter

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Donald Trump says: He says: "The phoney

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story is a fabrication." convinced there is effectively a

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conspiracy between the liberal media and Clinton campaign but this many

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stories from so many different In the last hour, Donald Trump has

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been speaking at a rally in West Palm Beach, Florida and repeated his

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denial of this and says that he will prove that they are false.

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This is what he says. These vicious claims about me, about inappropriate

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conduct with women, they are totally and absolutely false. CHEERING

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The Clintons know it and they know it very well. These claims are all

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fabricated. They are pure fiction and they are outright lies. These

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events never, ever happened and the people who set them -- said them

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fully understand. We have substantial evidence to dispute

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these lies and it will be made public in an appropriate way and at

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an appropriate time very soon. CHEERING

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Let's get more from Katty Kay in Washington.

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She has been watching today's events. These new claims about

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Donald Trump, do they continue to hurt him or has the damage already

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been done? In terms of going forward, what more can we expect

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from this campaign, it's been quite remarkable? I think that we will

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spend the next and final three weeks of the American presidential

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elections caught in some sort of grotesque discussion of who treats

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women worse, Bill Clinton or Donald Trump. That is effectively what we

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have come to an Donald Trump has made it clear that he will hit back

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against the Clintons, dredge up all of Bill Clinton's allegations of

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invalid deleterious abuse that have come up against him as a retaliation

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weapon. He was taking on the Clintons and taking on the media. He

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laid it out as "Me against the world". And his supporters loved it,

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they love him on offence, as he was in Florida now. He sees it as the

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victim of this whole campaign and allegations against him but he

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almost painted himself as a martyr as well, saying he was happy to baby

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slings and arrows on behalf of his supporters because that is what it

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was going to take -- happy to bear the slings and arrows. 21 days left,

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he's not down and out. But he campaigns drastically and

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frequently? Yes, but the polls are not looking great and generally

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speaking, three weeks is not a long time to turn them around when they

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are consistently showing him in a weak position. So, you can take a

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whole slew of them and now we are having polls out, since the video

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tape emerged last Friday, where we saw him caught on camera nicking

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lewd comments about women. We are beginning to get polls out since

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that video came out, showing that there's been a greater defection

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among female voters who are important in American elections,

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away from Donald Trump. It is hard to believe these kinds of

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allegations have just come out in the New York Times and People

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magazine, and they went out to that. Anything can happen in American

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elections, they can be unpredictable and lord knows that this one has

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been! But with so many polls pointing in the wrong direction for

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Donald Trump, something pretty dramatic but had to happen for him

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to turn it around. What is your impression of his game plan and

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strategy? He is coming under weight of allegations and pressure. You

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would be hard to see him as a Republican, he has distanced himself

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from his party and is going it alone in a way. What can he gained from

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that approach? His game plan is to make it through every day, I do not

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think there is a long-term strategy but fight for another week and try

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to turn the poll numbers around if he can and get the battle ground

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states back into his field. We heard some of it there, it is to carry on

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fighting and take on the Clintons and the establishment. Take on the

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media and his own party, and to paint this as a movement of him and

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his supporters against the world. Effectively, that is what he is

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doing and we will take the world on, and we will show them and, if we do

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not take them on or when something apocalyptic will happen. That speech

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he just gave in Florida was very apocalyptic. It painted a very dark

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picture of what is happening and what would happen in the USA if

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Donald Trump is not elected president. If this was a normal

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presidential campaign, if there is such thing as that, Hillary Clinton

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would be facing more attention over these Wikileaks e-mails, has

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anything yet emerged which could hurt her? It's interesting, this has

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barely been a story. Donald Trump would love the Wikileaks to be a

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story. And what he says is it is the crooked media that is ignoring a big

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story about Hillary Clinton because they are so focused on him and it is

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the press's boat that is not getting out. If you go through all of these

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Wikileaks allegations, they suggest a campaign which is very political

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and one that is very careful about polling, careful about what the

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candidate should say and shouldn't save. There have also been

:18:46.:18:51.

allegations that there is some sort of collusion between the Department

:18:52.:18:55.

of Justice and Hillary Clinton's campaign on some of those things

:18:56.:18:59.

that were on her e-mail server. That there was some collusion between

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someone on her campaign and loyal to her, but was a paid member of the

:19:04.:19:10.

press. It feeds into Donald Trump's portrait of a corrupt system which

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is rigged against outsiders. And she is the ultimate, he says, outside in

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that system. Fascinating, thank you.

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You can follow Katty Kay on Twitter as well. She is following the

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campaign very closely indeed. The Italian playwright

:19:25.:19:28.

and actor, Dario Fo, Famed for his biting

:19:29.:19:30.

political satires, Fo - went on to win the Nobel prize

:19:31.:19:39.

for literature in 1997 - for works including

:19:40.:19:41.

"Accidental Death of an Anarchist", and "Can't Pay?

:19:42.:19:43.

Won't Pay!". His radical politics

:19:44.:19:45.

saw him banned from Italian television for years,

:19:46.:19:48.

and led to him being stopped twice And speaking of the Nobel

:19:49.:19:50.

Prize for Literature - this year the award has gone to Bob

:19:51.:19:53.

Dylan. The legendary singer-songwriter

:19:54.:19:55.

was praised for having created 'new poetic expressions

:19:56.:19:57.

within the great American It's the first time, in 115 years

:19:58.:19:59.

that the prize, has been Our Arts Correspondent

:20:00.:20:04.

David Sillito reports. There was an expectant buzz outside

:20:05.:20:06.

the Swedish Academy's The literature prize had

:20:07.:20:08.

been delayed for a week. The academy said it was a diary

:20:09.:20:19.

issue, but many suspected the jury was taking its time because it was

:20:20.:20:22.

about to spring a surprise. The gasps and cheers

:20:23.:20:25.

for a songwriter who, perhaps more than anyone, turned

:20:26.:20:32.

the lyrics of pop music into poetry. For having created new poetic

:20:33.:20:35.

expressions within the great It's more than 50 years ago

:20:36.:20:37.

that he became a figurehead for a generation, with songs that

:20:38.:20:52.

took the traditions of folk and protest and then span off

:20:53.:20:55.

musically and lyrically into places that the rest of pop

:20:56.:20:57.

music then followed. For years, his name has popped up

:20:58.:21:13.

as a potential Nobel Prize winner, only for his fans

:21:14.:21:16.

to be disappointed. The social conscious of his early

:21:17.:21:24.

songs were followed by lyrics that removing, meaningful,

:21:25.:21:27.

puzzling in a single verse. These are songs that have become

:21:28.:21:28.

part of our culture. He's saying something that has

:21:29.:21:32.

a depth and resonance that other Many people will love Bob Marley,

:21:33.:21:35.

Joni Mitchell, will worship at the feet of Leonard Cohen,

:21:36.:21:42.

which is all very fair and valid, but when all is said and done,

:21:43.:21:46.

I think Bob Dylan will be the one He's an artist who's often seemed

:21:47.:21:49.

uncomfortable with the awe and regard his work has attracted,

:21:50.:21:55.

but he couldn't avoid the accolades. He never stopped performing,

:21:56.:21:58.

never stopped writing. The prize was always

:21:59.:21:59.

going to be has eventually. The prize was always

:22:00.:22:07.

going to be his eventually. Joining me now is the musician,

:22:08.:22:11.

broadcaster and writer, CP Lee who saw Bob Dylan play

:22:12.:22:13.

at the Free Trade Hall Very jealous of you there! Good of

:22:14.:22:29.

you to join us. He is the first songwriter to win the award and are

:22:30.:22:34.

his lyrics really that good? Do they stand alone without the famous

:22:35.:22:38.

harmonica and melodies? I think so, they draw from a very

:22:39.:22:42.

deep well of human experience. When the Beatles were writing, he was

:22:43.:22:49.

writing a Hard Rain is going to Fall. God knows where he got it

:22:50.:23:01.

from, different influences in European Expressionism and Italian

:23:02.:23:03.

romanticism, and Walt Whitman, American poets, he fundamentally

:23:04.:23:09.

changed the approach of popular music. Now comedian his lyrics well.

:23:10.:23:14.

Let's do a little test here to see if they stand out without the music.

:23:15.:23:19.

If you would be so good as to recite some of your most favourite and

:23:20.:23:23.

famous ones? I think one everyone would be familiar with is Mr

:23:24.:23:30.

tambourine man, dance beneath the sky with one hand waving free

:23:31.:23:37.

silhouetted beneath the sea. It is one of his first existential songs

:23:38.:23:42.

which breaks away from protest songs which are more familiar. Like how

:23:43.:23:47.

many roads must a man walk down before you can call him a man? Black

:23:48.:23:54.

American singer Sam Cooke, he wanted to change direction completely and

:23:55.:23:57.

wrote a change is going to come. We can move through to the howl of

:23:58.:24:03.

loneliness like a Rolling Stone, how does it feel to be on your own like

:24:04.:24:08.

a complete unknown, like a Rolling Stone? All the way through to lines,

:24:09.:24:13.

and lyrics like tangled up in blue, and his 1976 album. She opened up a

:24:14.:24:21.

book of poems and handed them to me, written by an Italian poet from the

:24:22.:24:25.

13th century. Every one of those words flowed true, pouring off every

:24:26.:24:31.

page like it was written in my soul. We can go through to Tempest written

:24:32.:24:36.

two years ago, he underwent a renaissance and began to produce

:24:37.:24:43.

Scarlet Town, and old tin Angel, based on an Elizabethan ballad but

:24:44.:24:48.

he writes he threw down his crosstown broadsword, he renounced

:24:49.:24:57.

his faith. When he writes in that shrouded and almost religious

:24:58.:25:03.

script, he is deeply effective at moving people. Briefly, there are

:25:04.:25:07.

many lyricists are like Joni Mitchell, Leonard Komon comes to

:25:08.:25:08.

mind, why Bob Dylan? -- Leonard :. He said that Elvis Presley freed our

:25:09.:25:29.

bodies, and Bob Dylan freed our minds. He provided a springboard.

:25:30.:25:34.

After the release of freewheeling, suddenly you have the folk tradition

:25:35.:25:42.

of America. And then discovering a whole lot of other angles and

:25:43.:25:45.

elements that he began to bring into his songwriting and from that point

:25:46.:25:51.

on, limited: Heard Bob Dylan and tried to write songs, Joni

:25:52.:25:57.

Mitchell... -- Leonard Cohen. I'm afraid we have to stop there.

:25:58.:26:00.

That's all the time we have, next is the weather.

:26:01.:26:01.

Goodbye. Hello. For a long while we have had

:26:02.:26:11.

high pressure over Scandinavia and that has meant easterly winds

:26:12.:26:16.

blowing across us. Over the next few days the pressure falls and wind

:26:17.:26:20.

direction changes. Going more southerly and that

:26:21.:26:21.

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