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Hello, welcome to BBC World News Today.
Thousands of people leave the notorious "Jungle"
They're being transferred to reception centres
across the country, amid preparations to bulldoze
what's become a symbol of Europe's struggle to cope with the crisis.
Belgium's Prime Minister says he still cannot sign off a massive
trade deal between the EU and Canada, because
As the leaders of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales come
to London to discuss Brexit, the Scottish leader says there is
It is a legend of 1960s rock culture.
Now, 50 years on, the Velvet Underground album
About 2000 people have left the migrant camp in Calais
known as the Jungle, on the first day of an operation
People began queueing before dawn, waiting to be transferred to one
of the 451 centres across France, where they face either
deportation, or the opportunity to claim asylum.
The site sprang up several years ago as migrants came to Calais,
hoping to cross the Channel into the UK.
The Jungle lies just to the east of the main road to the port.
High fences have been built to separate it
This is the scene currently in Calais.
All day long, authorities have been processing migrants
Let's cross live now to Sophie Long in Calais.
Good evening from Calais. The last bus of the day carrying migrants
away from the camp now known as the Jungle to new locations across
France has just left. We are told by the authorities here that 46 buses
have left throughout the day carrying just under 2000 migrants to
new locations. It has gone very well, the French authorities say,
for the first day of this operation. Suddenly, hundreds of migrants were
queueing here from the early hours, as early as five o'clock this
morning. By mid-morning, that you became a crowd and some migrants
were told to return to the Jungle because they would not be leaving
today. It has been a day of mixed and high emotions. For some migrants
who want to leave, this marked the end of a nightmare and an end to
months of living in cold and squalid conditions. For others, those who
maintain some hope of a better life in Britain, this marks the end of
their dreams, as they travelled further from Calais, they travel
further from those dreams coming true. This report comes from Lucy
Williamson. a better bet than one more
day in the Jungle camp. The reward -
a seat on one of 60 buses. But a ticket out of Calais
doesn't guarantee asylum, And even those, like Madi,
who are impatient to leave, and maybe I come back
and I will try again, yeah. I like France,
but it's not my dream. Next to him, Abdou says he's
finished with his dreams of England "I hate England now,"
he says, "I don't like people from the Jungle,
and they closed the border." People have been queueing
here since 4am to board one of the buses bound
for reception centres across France. Their motivation for coming
here to Calais was once all about the final destination,
their dreams of England. Now many are ready to go
anywhere just to get out. Inside the processing centre,
people are split into queues - the vulnerable, families, lone
children, and everyone else. Their names, ages and origins
noted but not checked. They are given a choice
of destination - French names in unfamiliar places,
a new temporary address. President Hollande said he wanted
to send a message that Calais was not a staging
post for migrants but a dead-end. Many here say that
much is already clear. and there was optimism today among
some of those who decided to leave. But the local MP told us that didn't
mean Britain's role here was over. TRANSLATION: It's an international
scandal that there are several hundred children,
some as young as ten, stuck here, Britain is not meeting
its obligations. Among those joining the queues
today were four siblings from Afghanistan, clinging
to an English-speaking friend. Their mother had asked him
to take her children and make their case
for asylum in England. Four small lives among the thousands
saying goodbye to Calais, unsure of what the future
has in store. One of the great concerns amongst
people here in Calais is that the children living in the Jungle, an
estimated 1000 1200 unaccompanied children. The Home Secretary told
MPs today that some 200 children have now been taken from Calais to
the UK, including some 60 girls who are thought to be at risk of sexual
exploitation. Some of them have been taken to a town in North Devon. From
there, Jon Kay reports. It is a world away
from the Calais Jungle. In the early hours of this morning,
20 young migrants arrived at a respite centre
here in North Devon. The exact location isn't
being revealed, but the youngsters, all of them boys,
are now having medical checks before decisions
are taken about where they go next. In the ancient market town
of Great Torrington, some feel proud that
their community is hosting children It's not their doing,
it's not their fault, and I mean, I've got a little chap of my own,
and ultimately you just want any child to be safe,
and if we've got the ability We're a local, small,
close-knit community, But this man told me
many locals are angry that the child migrants have been brought
here without public consultation. Send them back where they come from,
why is it our problem? Can't look after our own,
so why look after everybody else? Apparently they won't be
here for very long, Wednesday, I was told, but that
is two days too long, isn't it? 200 child migrants have come to
the UK from Calais in the last week. Initially, they are processed
at a complex in Croydon before being sent to residential centres
like the one in Devon. It's the Home Office
rather than local councils Tonight the Government said
the youngsters included 60 girls When children arrive in the UK,
the first question is to establish whether they have family members
that they could go and stay with Younger children will to go pretty
quickly into the care of a foster family, because we always
try to make sure they are Older children who may be school
leavers may have been living independently in the country before
they came to Britain, more likely to go into independent
accommodation, a bit like university It's up most of the children who've
arrived here in the south-west of England today may only be
here for a couple of days. Either they'll be reunited
with their families elsewhere in the UK or put into care
as part of a national scheme. It has been seven years
in the making, but it has taken just one region of one of the EU's 28
member states to slam the brakes on. Ceta, or the Comprehensive
Economic Trade Agreement, is a free trade deal
between the EU and Canada, and is the most ambitious to date,
but now might not be signed The Belgian Prime Minister said
the deal cannot go ahead after he held talks
with regional leaders today. Ceta aims to eliminate 98% of
tariffs between the EU and Canada. But for the deal to go ahead,
the agreement from all For Belgium, that means all three
regions have to agree, French-speaking Wallonia has
blocked the deal. The Socialist region wants more
guarantees to protect its farmers and stronger safeguards on things
like environmental standards. TRANSLATION: It is completely
undemocratic. There are no other words. It is a treaty that has been
negotiated secretly for years now, and now when a government requests
to speak about some points that seem impossible to agree on, they place
ultimatums and threats. It is just not democratic. We have the
impression, the feeling, that there is a neoliberal steam roller that
once nobody to get in his way. To me it is perfectly clear, it is a
reason to be proud. Wallonia shows another part from the one that is
usually taken, especially by the European Commission. Wallonia says
the powers need to be that wants to, not all powers should be in trade.
For me this is a reason to be proud. Donald Tusk is the president
of the European Council - that's the part of the EU
which represents the heads Our correspondent Damian dramatic as
is in Brussels. Hopes still to meet on Thursday, what are chances of
this deal getting signed? Well, very slim at this stage. The clock is
ticking, because we were expecting it to be this evening as the final
hour, we were told, that Justin Trudeau, the Prime Minister of
Canada, could make a decision to go ahead with the summit view here on
Thursday. It appears that it is a bit elastic, there is a bit more
time, but at some point he has to take the decision whether to get on
the plane, fly across the Atlantic and come here hoping to sign that
deal or not. I think that must be in the next 24 hours, possibly just 36
hours, and if he is not able to come, because of these objections
from Wallonia, from this one part of Belgium, it will be pretty
embarrassing for the EU particularly that it has not been able to finish
off this deal. This is a deal between the European Union and
Canada in this instance, but what does it tell us about what a future
Brexit deal between the EU and the UK might look like? I think what it
tells us is that it could be very difficult to agree. This deal has to
be passed by every country in Europe and in the case of some of them,
like Belgium, regional parliaments as well. This trade deal with Canada
is being billed as the most significant one that Europe has ever
done, but the Brexit deal, everyone is expecting, could be far more
complicated than this. So, you can well imagine that once the Brexit
deal has to pass a hurdle which is every country and regional
Parliament as well, if it is passed in the same way, there are options
to do things slightly differently, but it could well face the same sort
of process. You can imagine many, many difficulties to come. For the
UK to secure a deal with Europe. That could make for some difficult
times. The other crucial thing to say is that it could have an effect,
even before any deal comes here, because investors looking at the UK,
wondering whether to put money into the UK and thinking, will there be a
deal agreed in the coming years? They may look at the something, this
makes them nervous, because you get may not secure a deal for some time
with the EU on the basis of this. We will see how this pans out.
Let's bring you up to date on the ongoing battle for Mosul.
Iraqi special forces say they've gained ground in fighting
with Islamic State militants east of the city, after shelling
Peshmerga troops say they have cut off the town of Bashiqa
and they continue to push IS fighters back from around
But in an apparent attempt to divert attention and resources
IS fighters on Sunday launched an attack on Rutba in
Two days ago, IS fighters did something similar when they tried
to take the city of Kirkuk, just south of Mosul.
And if you want more on the fight for Mosul -
All the latest developments there, including why other regional powers
like Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia are so interested in the conflict.
Scotland's First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, has said
she doesn't think the British Government has a negotiating
position yet for exiting the European Union.
She was speaking after what she described as "very frank"
talks with the British Prime Minister Theresa May, which also
brought together the leaders of Northern Ireland and Wales.
Mrs May said she would strike a deal that works for the whole of the UK.
The United Kingdom voted as a whole to leave the EU,
but Brexit is seen very differently
in each of the four nations of the UK.
Northern Ireland also voted to stay in,
whilst Welsh, like English, voters chose to leave.
But the leaders of the devolved nations
all want the Prime Minister to listen to their concerns.
They're sceptical about a new committee which will include
them and the Brexit Secretary, David Davis.
when the real decisions are being taken.
Nicola Sturgeon wants full membership of the EU single market
for Scotland and new powers for the Scottish Parliament,
threatening to call a second referendum on independence
The Prime Minister thinks you're bluffing about
a second independence referendum, that you wouldn't dare do it,
and therefore she doesn't have to listen to you on this.
Well, there is nothing about what I'm doing just now
This is not a game, this is not a game of chicken,
that I will do whatever it takes to protect Scotland's interest.
Nicola Sturgeon says she found today's meeting deeply frustrating.
She came here with a clear set of demands
to keep Scotland in the European single market -
she's not convinced the Prime Minister was listening.
Northern Ireland's First and Deputy First Ministers
may not agree with each other over Brexit
but share the demand to be part of the negotiations.
is that we're involved very much at the heart of that process
so that when issues arise during the negotiation,
that we can be part of answering the issues that come to the fore.
with a clear idea of what Brexit might look like.
What we need more than anything else is greater certainty
from the UK Government as to what exactly the principles
of negotiation will be - we don't have that yet.
From Downing Street to Parliament, the PM insists
she will work for the best deal for the UK as a whole.
There will be difficult moments ahead, and as I've said before,
it will require patience and some give and take.
But I firmly believe that if we approach this
in a constructive spirit, we can ensure a smooth departure.
to keeping the UK together and the EU together.
But how she does that could strain what she calls our precious union.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
Five French citizens have been killed
The French Defence Minister said the victims were
three ministry officials and two private contractors.
They'd been taking part in an operation directed
Spain's acting Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, has welcomed
A Christian-owned bakery in Belfast, Northern Ireland, has lost an appeal
The court ruled that the bakery had discriminated against a customer
by refusing to bake a cake with a message in support
The family-run Ashers Bakery had argued that the decoration
2016 is being seen as a landmark moment in the battle
against climate change, but for all the wrong reasons.
Scientists say this is likely to be the first full year in which levels
of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide remain above
That's bad because CO2 traps heat in the atmosphere,
and it's 44% higher than pre-industrial levels.
Not too hot, not too cold, just right, thanks to the invisible
blanket of natural carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, keeping us warm.
The normal level of carbon dioxide is 280 ppm,
powering our cities with fossil fuels that give out
We have bumped up CO2 levels to 400 ppm.
As emissions keep rising, scientists warn
400 ppm is a significant symbolic threshold, below which we don't
expect to go for the rest of our lifetimes.
It means we have increased the amount of carbon dioxide being
Most of that increase has happended since 1950.
If we want to stay below 2 degrees, we have already used
That has happened since 1950, so we have a lot of work to do if
Carbon dioxide is a plant food, so for a while, parts of the planet
are getting greener, thanks to the extra fertilising carbon.
But scientists warn that droughts are likely
to wipe out the benefits of CO2 as the planet heats.
Already, temperatures have reached record levels.
Politicians meeting in Paris last year promised to curb carbon dioxide
But even they admit their efforts are too slow and too small.
They're traditionally meetings of high-stakes intrigue
And this year it seems they'll be even more so.
It's the annual get-together of the leaders of
The meeting is expected to focus on revamping decades-old codes
Our China editor, Carrie Gracie, has been along to an event
called a "Dialogue with the Communist Party"
ahead of the main meeting, to see if anyone would
A kind of coming-out party to say, "We walk tall in the world."
They say they want a frank, deep and constructive exchange
Of course, China's Communist Party is not typically that open to ideas
from the outside world, especially not
Let's go inside and see what "dialogue" actually means.
I'll just see if I can catch a word with any of the...
Oh, I'm sorry, I think we have to go.
OK. I think we are being ejected from the delegates section.
So, we are now roaming the halls in the first break,
because we never get a chance to talk to a standing
committee member of the Chinese Communist Party Politburo.
This is supposed to be a dialogue with the Communist Party.
The top man, one of the top seven, is in this place,
So, it's not even midday and they seem to be
We are less than two hours into the entire event.
Within the party, they use quiet deliberations,
which are a more effective form of policy-making, by the way.
Because policy-making is complicated, it is nuanced,
and you need to sit down to discuss what kind
of measures to achieve and what results.
You cannot resolve policies with a public shouting match,
which seems increasingly the case in a lot of countries.
Some sad news, the singer Pete Burns from a band Dead Or Alive, um has
died after a cardiac arrest. He was described as a true visionary and a
beautiful, talented soul. He was 57. His band found success in the 1980s
and had two singles in the US top 20, including You Spin Me Round Like
A Record. The Velvet Underground and Nico
album came under the spotlight Next year is the 50th anniversary
of its release, and to celebrate, founding member John Cale will,
for the first time ever in the UK, play the whole album live
in Liverpool. Our entertainment corresponent
Colin Paterson went to meet him. MUSIC: "Sunday Morning"
by the Velvet Underground one of the most influential albums
of all time. We were living in an apartment
in the Lower East Side, it was a Sunday morning,
and it was after a late-night. As a musician, John Cale
is known for looking forward, but thinks it's right
to acknowledge the album's 50th anniversary next year
and will play the whole thing live It still encapsulates
everything that we were trying to do, which was take
rock'n' roll in and talk about subject matter that
generally wasn't talked about. poem about how unhappy
somebody's life is. John Cale formed the Velvet
Underground with Lou Reed. The artist Andy Warhol
was their manager He called me over in
the corner and said, "What do you think of this
as an album cover?" And I went crazy, I said,
"I've got to say, this has got all your colours,
all the outlines you know, all the brand of Andy Warhol
is right there." It's three years this week
since Lou Reed died. Well, his work survives,
and all the stuff that we did together, it's
still there and it's still strong. And the reason John Cale has
opted for the one-off gig the influence the city's music scene
of the '60s had on him. and Lou had one eye on
Bob Dylan, what is the next move? So you're, like, trying
to figure out where we fit. And 50 years on,
it's a question he's still asking. Don't forget, you can get
in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -
I'm @ KarinBBC. But for now, from me,
Karin Giannone and the rest