24/10/2016 World News Today


24/10/2016

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LineFromTo

Hello, welcome to BBC World News Today.

:00:00.:00:00.

Thousands of people leave the notorious "Jungle"

:00:00.:00:08.

They're being transferred to reception centres

:00:09.:00:13.

across the country, amid preparations to bulldoze

:00:14.:00:15.

what's become a symbol of Europe's struggle to cope with the crisis.

:00:16.:00:22.

Belgium's Prime Minister says he still cannot sign off a massive

:00:23.:00:24.

trade deal between the EU and Canada, because

:00:25.:00:26.

As the leaders of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales come

:00:27.:00:33.

to London to discuss Brexit, the Scottish leader says there is

:00:34.:00:36.

It is a legend of 1960s rock culture.

:00:37.:00:46.

Now, 50 years on, the Velvet Underground album

:00:47.:00:48.

About 2000 people have left the migrant camp in Calais

:00:49.:01:08.

known as the Jungle, on the first day of an operation

:01:09.:01:11.

People began queueing before dawn, waiting to be transferred to one

:01:12.:01:16.

of the 451 centres across France, where they face either

:01:17.:01:20.

deportation, or the opportunity to claim asylum.

:01:21.:01:24.

The site sprang up several years ago as migrants came to Calais,

:01:25.:01:27.

hoping to cross the Channel into the UK.

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The Jungle lies just to the east of the main road to the port.

:01:31.:01:34.

High fences have been built to separate it

:01:35.:01:36.

This is the scene currently in Calais.

:01:37.:01:40.

All day long, authorities have been processing migrants

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Let's cross live now to Sophie Long in Calais.

:01:43.:01:55.

Good evening from Calais. The last bus of the day carrying migrants

:01:56.:02:03.

away from the camp now known as the Jungle to new locations across

:02:04.:02:06.

France has just left. We are told by the authorities here that 46 buses

:02:07.:02:11.

have left throughout the day carrying just under 2000 migrants to

:02:12.:02:19.

new locations. It has gone very well, the French authorities say,

:02:20.:02:22.

for the first day of this operation. Suddenly, hundreds of migrants were

:02:23.:02:26.

queueing here from the early hours, as early as five o'clock this

:02:27.:02:30.

morning. By mid-morning, that you became a crowd and some migrants

:02:31.:02:33.

were told to return to the Jungle because they would not be leaving

:02:34.:02:38.

today. It has been a day of mixed and high emotions. For some migrants

:02:39.:02:43.

who want to leave, this marked the end of a nightmare and an end to

:02:44.:02:46.

months of living in cold and squalid conditions. For others, those who

:02:47.:02:50.

maintain some hope of a better life in Britain, this marks the end of

:02:51.:02:54.

their dreams, as they travelled further from Calais, they travel

:02:55.:02:58.

further from those dreams coming true. This report comes from Lucy

:02:59.:03:01.

Williamson. a better bet than one more

:03:02.:03:01.

day in the Jungle camp. The reward -

:03:02.:03:12.

a seat on one of 60 buses. But a ticket out of Calais

:03:13.:03:16.

doesn't guarantee asylum, And even those, like Madi,

:03:17.:03:19.

who are impatient to leave, and maybe I come back

:03:20.:03:26.

and I will try again, yeah. I like France,

:03:27.:03:36.

but it's not my dream. Next to him, Abdou says he's

:03:37.:03:39.

finished with his dreams of England "I hate England now,"

:03:40.:03:42.

he says, "I don't like people from the Jungle,

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and they closed the border." People have been queueing

:03:50.:03:56.

here since 4am to board one of the buses bound

:03:57.:04:00.

for reception centres across France. Their motivation for coming

:04:01.:04:03.

here to Calais was once all about the final destination,

:04:04.:04:05.

their dreams of England. Now many are ready to go

:04:06.:04:09.

anywhere just to get out. Inside the processing centre,

:04:10.:04:14.

people are split into queues - the vulnerable, families, lone

:04:15.:04:19.

children, and everyone else. Their names, ages and origins

:04:20.:04:22.

noted but not checked. They are given a choice

:04:23.:04:27.

of destination - French names in unfamiliar places,

:04:28.:04:34.

a new temporary address. President Hollande said he wanted

:04:35.:04:39.

to send a message that Calais was not a staging

:04:40.:04:41.

post for migrants but a dead-end. Many here say that

:04:42.:04:44.

much is already clear. and there was optimism today among

:04:45.:04:49.

some of those who decided to leave. But the local MP told us that didn't

:04:50.:04:54.

mean Britain's role here was over. TRANSLATION: It's an international

:04:55.:05:03.

scandal that there are several hundred children,

:05:04.:05:05.

some as young as ten, stuck here, Britain is not meeting

:05:06.:05:07.

its obligations. Among those joining the queues

:05:08.:05:16.

today were four siblings from Afghanistan, clinging

:05:17.:05:18.

to an English-speaking friend. Their mother had asked him

:05:19.:05:20.

to take her children and make their case

:05:21.:05:24.

for asylum in England. Four small lives among the thousands

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saying goodbye to Calais, unsure of what the future

:05:29.:05:33.

has in store. One of the great concerns amongst

:05:34.:05:51.

people here in Calais is that the children living in the Jungle, an

:05:52.:05:56.

estimated 1000 1200 unaccompanied children. The Home Secretary told

:05:57.:05:59.

MPs today that some 200 children have now been taken from Calais to

:06:00.:06:04.

the UK, including some 60 girls who are thought to be at risk of sexual

:06:05.:06:09.

exploitation. Some of them have been taken to a town in North Devon. From

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there, Jon Kay reports. It is a world away

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from the Calais Jungle. In the early hours of this morning,

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20 young migrants arrived at a respite centre

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here in North Devon. The exact location isn't

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being revealed, but the youngsters, all of them boys,

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are now having medical checks before decisions

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are taken about where they go next. In the ancient market town

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of Great Torrington, some feel proud that

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their community is hosting children It's not their doing,

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it's not their fault, and I mean, I've got a little chap of my own,

:06:35.:06:40.

and ultimately you just want any child to be safe,

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and if we've got the ability We're a local, small,

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close-knit community, But this man told me

:06:47.:06:50.

many locals are angry that the child migrants have been brought

:06:51.:06:59.

here without public consultation. Send them back where they come from,

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why is it our problem? Can't look after our own,

:07:02.:07:04.

so why look after everybody else? Apparently they won't be

:07:05.:07:07.

here for very long, Wednesday, I was told, but that

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is two days too long, isn't it? 200 child migrants have come to

:07:13.:07:17.

the UK from Calais in the last week. Initially, they are processed

:07:18.:07:22.

at a complex in Croydon before being sent to residential centres

:07:23.:07:24.

like the one in Devon. It's the Home Office

:07:25.:07:27.

rather than local councils Tonight the Government said

:07:28.:07:29.

the youngsters included 60 girls When children arrive in the UK,

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the first question is to establish whether they have family members

:07:36.:07:43.

that they could go and stay with Younger children will to go pretty

:07:44.:07:45.

quickly into the care of a foster family, because we always

:07:46.:07:50.

try to make sure they are Older children who may be school

:07:51.:07:53.

leavers may have been living independently in the country before

:07:54.:07:57.

they came to Britain, more likely to go into independent

:07:58.:07:59.

accommodation, a bit like university It's up most of the children who've

:08:00.:08:02.

arrived here in the south-west of England today may only be

:08:03.:08:06.

here for a couple of days. Either they'll be reunited

:08:07.:08:12.

with their families elsewhere in the UK or put into care

:08:13.:08:15.

as part of a national scheme. It has been seven years

:08:16.:08:19.

in the making, but it has taken just one region of one of the EU's 28

:08:20.:08:26.

member states to slam the brakes on. Ceta, or the Comprehensive

:08:27.:08:30.

Economic Trade Agreement, is a free trade deal

:08:31.:08:32.

between the EU and Canada, and is the most ambitious to date,

:08:33.:08:34.

but now might not be signed The Belgian Prime Minister said

:08:35.:08:37.

the deal cannot go ahead after he held talks

:08:38.:08:42.

with regional leaders today. Ceta aims to eliminate 98% of

:08:43.:08:44.

tariffs between the EU and Canada. But for the deal to go ahead,

:08:45.:08:47.

the agreement from all For Belgium, that means all three

:08:48.:08:49.

regions have to agree, French-speaking Wallonia has

:08:50.:08:57.

blocked the deal. The Socialist region wants more

:08:58.:09:03.

guarantees to protect its farmers and stronger safeguards on things

:09:04.:09:06.

like environmental standards. TRANSLATION: It is completely

:09:07.:09:19.

undemocratic. There are no other words. It is a treaty that has been

:09:20.:09:24.

negotiated secretly for years now, and now when a government requests

:09:25.:09:29.

to speak about some points that seem impossible to agree on, they place

:09:30.:09:32.

ultimatums and threats. It is just not democratic. We have the

:09:33.:09:36.

impression, the feeling, that there is a neoliberal steam roller that

:09:37.:09:42.

once nobody to get in his way. To me it is perfectly clear, it is a

:09:43.:09:45.

reason to be proud. Wallonia shows another part from the one that is

:09:46.:09:49.

usually taken, especially by the European Commission. Wallonia says

:09:50.:09:53.

the powers need to be that wants to, not all powers should be in trade.

:09:54.:09:54.

For me this is a reason to be proud. Donald Tusk is the president

:09:55.:09:56.

of the European Council - that's the part of the EU

:09:57.:09:59.

which represents the heads Our correspondent Damian dramatic as

:10:00.:10:19.

is in Brussels. Hopes still to meet on Thursday, what are chances of

:10:20.:10:24.

this deal getting signed? Well, very slim at this stage. The clock is

:10:25.:10:28.

ticking, because we were expecting it to be this evening as the final

:10:29.:10:35.

hour, we were told, that Justin Trudeau, the Prime Minister of

:10:36.:10:39.

Canada, could make a decision to go ahead with the summit view here on

:10:40.:10:44.

Thursday. It appears that it is a bit elastic, there is a bit more

:10:45.:10:48.

time, but at some point he has to take the decision whether to get on

:10:49.:10:52.

the plane, fly across the Atlantic and come here hoping to sign that

:10:53.:10:57.

deal or not. I think that must be in the next 24 hours, possibly just 36

:10:58.:11:02.

hours, and if he is not able to come, because of these objections

:11:03.:11:06.

from Wallonia, from this one part of Belgium, it will be pretty

:11:07.:11:10.

embarrassing for the EU particularly that it has not been able to finish

:11:11.:11:15.

off this deal. This is a deal between the European Union and

:11:16.:11:17.

Canada in this instance, but what does it tell us about what a future

:11:18.:11:22.

Brexit deal between the EU and the UK might look like? I think what it

:11:23.:11:27.

tells us is that it could be very difficult to agree. This deal has to

:11:28.:11:32.

be passed by every country in Europe and in the case of some of them,

:11:33.:11:35.

like Belgium, regional parliaments as well. This trade deal with Canada

:11:36.:11:41.

is being billed as the most significant one that Europe has ever

:11:42.:11:46.

done, but the Brexit deal, everyone is expecting, could be far more

:11:47.:11:50.

complicated than this. So, you can well imagine that once the Brexit

:11:51.:11:56.

deal has to pass a hurdle which is every country and regional

:11:57.:11:59.

Parliament as well, if it is passed in the same way, there are options

:12:00.:12:02.

to do things slightly differently, but it could well face the same sort

:12:03.:12:06.

of process. You can imagine many, many difficulties to come. For the

:12:07.:12:11.

UK to secure a deal with Europe. That could make for some difficult

:12:12.:12:17.

times. The other crucial thing to say is that it could have an effect,

:12:18.:12:22.

even before any deal comes here, because investors looking at the UK,

:12:23.:12:27.

wondering whether to put money into the UK and thinking, will there be a

:12:28.:12:32.

deal agreed in the coming years? They may look at the something, this

:12:33.:12:36.

makes them nervous, because you get may not secure a deal for some time

:12:37.:12:40.

with the EU on the basis of this. We will see how this pans out.

:12:41.:12:44.

Let's bring you up to date on the ongoing battle for Mosul.

:12:45.:12:46.

Iraqi special forces say they've gained ground in fighting

:12:47.:12:49.

with Islamic State militants east of the city, after shelling

:12:50.:12:51.

Peshmerga troops say they have cut off the town of Bashiqa

:12:52.:12:56.

and they continue to push IS fighters back from around

:12:57.:12:59.

But in an apparent attempt to divert attention and resources

:13:00.:13:04.

IS fighters on Sunday launched an attack on Rutba in

:13:05.:13:13.

Two days ago, IS fighters did something similar when they tried

:13:14.:13:19.

to take the city of Kirkuk, just south of Mosul.

:13:20.:13:25.

And if you want more on the fight for Mosul -

:13:26.:13:28.

All the latest developments there, including why other regional powers

:13:29.:13:31.

like Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia are so interested in the conflict.

:13:32.:13:35.

Scotland's First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, has said

:13:36.:13:42.

she doesn't think the British Government has a negotiating

:13:43.:13:44.

position yet for exiting the European Union.

:13:45.:13:46.

She was speaking after what she described as "very frank"

:13:47.:13:49.

talks with the British Prime Minister Theresa May, which also

:13:50.:13:51.

brought together the leaders of Northern Ireland and Wales.

:13:52.:13:53.

Mrs May said she would strike a deal that works for the whole of the UK.

:13:54.:13:57.

The United Kingdom voted as a whole to leave the EU,

:13:58.:14:04.

but Brexit is seen very differently

:14:05.:14:06.

in each of the four nations of the UK.

:14:07.:14:09.

Northern Ireland also voted to stay in,

:14:10.:14:16.

whilst Welsh, like English, voters chose to leave.

:14:17.:14:17.

But the leaders of the devolved nations

:14:18.:14:19.

all want the Prime Minister to listen to their concerns.

:14:20.:14:23.

They're sceptical about a new committee which will include

:14:24.:14:26.

them and the Brexit Secretary, David Davis.

:14:27.:14:29.

when the real decisions are being taken.

:14:30.:14:34.

Nicola Sturgeon wants full membership of the EU single market

:14:35.:14:36.

for Scotland and new powers for the Scottish Parliament,

:14:37.:14:38.

threatening to call a second referendum on independence

:14:39.:14:40.

The Prime Minister thinks you're bluffing about

:14:41.:14:46.

a second independence referendum, that you wouldn't dare do it,

:14:47.:14:49.

and therefore she doesn't have to listen to you on this.

:14:50.:14:52.

Well, there is nothing about what I'm doing just now

:14:53.:14:54.

This is not a game, this is not a game of chicken,

:14:55.:14:58.

that I will do whatever it takes to protect Scotland's interest.

:14:59.:15:04.

Nicola Sturgeon says she found today's meeting deeply frustrating.

:15:05.:15:06.

She came here with a clear set of demands

:15:07.:15:08.

to keep Scotland in the European single market -

:15:09.:15:10.

she's not convinced the Prime Minister was listening.

:15:11.:15:15.

Northern Ireland's First and Deputy First Ministers

:15:16.:15:17.

may not agree with each other over Brexit

:15:18.:15:19.

but share the demand to be part of the negotiations.

:15:20.:15:22.

is that we're involved very much at the heart of that process

:15:23.:15:27.

so that when issues arise during the negotiation,

:15:28.:15:29.

that we can be part of answering the issues that come to the fore.

:15:30.:15:34.

with a clear idea of what Brexit might look like.

:15:35.:15:39.

What we need more than anything else is greater certainty

:15:40.:15:41.

from the UK Government as to what exactly the principles

:15:42.:15:44.

of negotiation will be - we don't have that yet.

:15:45.:15:47.

From Downing Street to Parliament, the PM insists

:15:48.:15:49.

she will work for the best deal for the UK as a whole.

:15:50.:15:53.

There will be difficult moments ahead, and as I've said before,

:15:54.:15:56.

it will require patience and some give and take.

:15:57.:15:58.

But I firmly believe that if we approach this

:15:59.:16:00.

in a constructive spirit, we can ensure a smooth departure.

:16:01.:16:06.

to keeping the UK together and the EU together.

:16:07.:16:12.

But how she does that could strain what she calls our precious union.

:16:13.:16:15.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:16:16.:16:25.

Five French citizens have been killed

:16:26.:16:26.

The French Defence Minister said the victims were

:16:27.:16:30.

three ministry officials and two private contractors.

:16:31.:16:31.

They'd been taking part in an operation directed

:16:32.:16:33.

Spain's acting Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, has welcomed

:16:34.:16:43.

A Christian-owned bakery in Belfast, Northern Ireland, has lost an appeal

:16:44.:16:45.

The court ruled that the bakery had discriminated against a customer

:16:46.:16:49.

by refusing to bake a cake with a message in support

:16:50.:16:52.

The family-run Ashers Bakery had argued that the decoration

:16:53.:16:55.

2016 is being seen as a landmark moment in the battle

:16:56.:17:02.

against climate change, but for all the wrong reasons.

:17:03.:17:04.

Scientists say this is likely to be the first full year in which levels

:17:05.:17:07.

of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide remain above

:17:08.:17:09.

That's bad because CO2 traps heat in the atmosphere,

:17:10.:17:17.

and it's 44% higher than pre-industrial levels.

:17:18.:17:18.

Not too hot, not too cold, just right, thanks to the invisible

:17:19.:17:28.

blanket of natural carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, keeping us warm.

:17:29.:17:31.

The normal level of carbon dioxide is 280 ppm,

:17:32.:17:33.

powering our cities with fossil fuels that give out

:17:34.:17:41.

We have bumped up CO2 levels to 400 ppm.

:17:42.:17:50.

As emissions keep rising, scientists warn

:17:51.:17:57.

400 ppm is a significant symbolic threshold, below which we don't

:17:58.:18:02.

expect to go for the rest of our lifetimes.

:18:03.:18:06.

It means we have increased the amount of carbon dioxide being

:18:07.:18:08.

Most of that increase has happended since 1950.

:18:09.:18:13.

If we want to stay below 2 degrees, we have already used

:18:14.:18:16.

That has happened since 1950, so we have a lot of work to do if

:18:17.:18:22.

Carbon dioxide is a plant food, so for a while, parts of the planet

:18:23.:18:28.

are getting greener, thanks to the extra fertilising carbon.

:18:29.:18:32.

But scientists warn that droughts are likely

:18:33.:18:35.

to wipe out the benefits of CO2 as the planet heats.

:18:36.:18:41.

Already, temperatures have reached record levels.

:18:42.:18:45.

Politicians meeting in Paris last year promised to curb carbon dioxide

:18:46.:18:47.

But even they admit their efforts are too slow and too small.

:18:48.:18:54.

They're traditionally meetings of high-stakes intrigue

:18:55.:19:04.

And this year it seems they'll be even more so.

:19:05.:19:07.

It's the annual get-together of the leaders of

:19:08.:19:09.

The meeting is expected to focus on revamping decades-old codes

:19:10.:19:12.

Our China editor, Carrie Gracie, has been along to an event

:19:13.:19:16.

called a "Dialogue with the Communist Party"

:19:17.:19:18.

ahead of the main meeting, to see if anyone would

:19:19.:19:20.

A kind of coming-out party to say, "We walk tall in the world."

:19:21.:19:33.

They say they want a frank, deep and constructive exchange

:19:34.:19:36.

Of course, China's Communist Party is not typically that open to ideas

:19:37.:19:43.

from the outside world, especially not

:19:44.:19:45.

Let's go inside and see what "dialogue" actually means.

:19:46.:19:59.

I'll just see if I can catch a word with any of the...

:20:00.:20:02.

Oh, I'm sorry, I think we have to go.

:20:03.:20:10.

OK. I think we are being ejected from the delegates section.

:20:11.:20:17.

So, we are now roaming the halls in the first break,

:20:18.:20:39.

because we never get a chance to talk to a standing

:20:40.:20:41.

committee member of the Chinese Communist Party Politburo.

:20:42.:20:43.

This is supposed to be a dialogue with the Communist Party.

:20:44.:20:47.

The top man, one of the top seven, is in this place,

:20:48.:20:50.

So, it's not even midday and they seem to be

:20:51.:21:14.

We are less than two hours into the entire event.

:21:15.:21:19.

Within the party, they use quiet deliberations,

:21:20.:21:48.

which are a more effective form of policy-making, by the way.

:21:49.:21:50.

Because policy-making is complicated, it is nuanced,

:21:51.:21:54.

and you need to sit down to discuss what kind

:21:55.:21:57.

of measures to achieve and what results.

:21:58.:22:00.

You cannot resolve policies with a public shouting match,

:22:01.:22:02.

which seems increasingly the case in a lot of countries.

:22:03.:22:35.

Some sad news, the singer Pete Burns from a band Dead Or Alive, um has

:22:36.:22:43.

died after a cardiac arrest. He was described as a true visionary and a

:22:44.:22:49.

beautiful, talented soul. He was 57. His band found success in the 1980s

:22:50.:22:55.

and had two singles in the US top 20, including You Spin Me Round Like

:22:56.:22:57.

A Record. The Velvet Underground and Nico

:22:58.:23:00.

album came under the spotlight Next year is the 50th anniversary

:23:01.:23:02.

of its release, and to celebrate, founding member John Cale will,

:23:03.:23:06.

for the first time ever in the UK, play the whole album live

:23:07.:23:09.

in Liverpool. Our entertainment corresponent

:23:10.:23:11.

Colin Paterson went to meet him. MUSIC: "Sunday Morning"

:23:12.:23:22.

by the Velvet Underground one of the most influential albums

:23:23.:23:27.

of all time. We were living in an apartment

:23:28.:23:32.

in the Lower East Side, it was a Sunday morning,

:23:33.:23:39.

and it was after a late-night. As a musician, John Cale

:23:40.:23:41.

is known for looking forward, but thinks it's right

:23:42.:23:58.

to acknowledge the album's 50th anniversary next year

:23:59.:24:00.

and will play the whole thing live It still encapsulates

:24:01.:24:03.

everything that we were trying to do, which was take

:24:04.:24:13.

rock'n' roll in and talk about subject matter that

:24:14.:24:15.

generally wasn't talked about. poem about how unhappy

:24:16.:24:22.

somebody's life is. John Cale formed the Velvet

:24:23.:24:34.

Underground with Lou Reed. The artist Andy Warhol

:24:35.:24:37.

was their manager He called me over in

:24:38.:24:38.

the corner and said, "What do you think of this

:24:39.:24:48.

as an album cover?" And I went crazy, I said,

:24:49.:24:51.

"I've got to say, this has got all your colours,

:24:52.:24:53.

all the outlines you know, all the brand of Andy Warhol

:24:54.:24:56.

is right there." It's three years this week

:24:57.:25:00.

since Lou Reed died. Well, his work survives,

:25:01.:25:02.

and all the stuff that we did together, it's

:25:03.:25:07.

still there and it's still strong. And the reason John Cale has

:25:08.:25:10.

opted for the one-off gig the influence the city's music scene

:25:11.:25:18.

of the '60s had on him. and Lou had one eye on

:25:19.:25:26.

Bob Dylan, what is the next move? So you're, like, trying

:25:27.:25:31.

to figure out where we fit. And 50 years on,

:25:32.:25:39.

it's a question he's still asking. Don't forget, you can get

:25:40.:25:42.

in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -

:25:43.:25:53.

I'm @ KarinBBC. But for now, from me,

:25:54.:25:57.

Karin Giannone and the rest

:25:58.:26:00.

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