25/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.


The British government approves a third runway to be built


at London's Heathrow airport after decades of indecision.


We think this is the right project for the United Kingdom and it is one


that will deliver benefits for the whole United Kingdom. French


authorities begin dismantling the Calle camp known as the Jungle, but


hundreds of migrants have already slipped away into the countryside.


And tragedy at Australia's most famous theme park as four people


After decades of delays - the British government has approved


the expansion of Heathrow airport in London.


The decision has been highly divisive with much political


opposition and concerns about the environment.


Heathrow Airport's new third runway won't open until 2025


at the earliest but it will be built just north of the existing runways


between these two villages which are set to be flattened


It's already Europe's busiest airport - with 75 million passengers


The next busiest was the airport in Paris, which saw 66 million


passengers last year, followed by Istanbul at 62 million


According to ACI Europe, more than 1.8 billion passengers


pass through Europe's airports ever year,


It is a hugely controversial decision here in the UK. Our


political editor has been speaking to the Transport Secretary.


I have taken a decision that we believe is in the best interest of


the UK and that will send a message and create the regional connectivity


that will demonstrate far the whole country that we are governing body


for country and this is about what is best for Britain. Can you


guarantee this is going to be built? Goal we will not shy away from what


is best for Britain. We will see this through. Yes, there will be


challenges on the way but this is a decision that has been taken after a


lengthy process, a detailed analysis, much consideration. We


believe this is the right decision for Britain. That was the Transport


Secretary. The Government is not united on this issue, though. The


Foreign Secretary, Boris Johnson, was against expanding Heathrow when


he was Mayor of London. This is what he had to say. If and when a third


runway were to be built. I don't think it will be, but suppose it


would be, there would be an overwhelming clamour to build a


fourth runway by the end of completion. And then what would


London be like? You would have a new York City of beautiful skyscrapers,


Paris the city of light, London the city of planes. Those in favour of


future's expansion claim it will produce thousands of jobs. Our


transport correspondent Richard Wescott reports.


Heathrow is always at full throttle. Planes take off and land every 90


seconds. From 430 in the morning till long into the night. They can't


squeeze in more flights, so today it has been cleared for expansion. It


is vital for the whole country that we connect all the UK to the growing


markets of the world. That is what the drug does. And we have been


missing out by not having more flights from Inverness and Liverpool


and Newquay to the UK boss Mike Hub airport and on to the emerging


markets. It is not just about emerging markets. A quarter of you


dash-mac the UK's exports leave on planes from Heathrow. This freight


firm says they are so short from flights, they're having to ship


business to foreign airports. Expansion is vital. It is going to


open up new markets. It is going to present -- prevent cargo leaving


from Heathrow on drugs each day out to European airports. We can bring


it back into the UK and process it and put it on flights leaving from


Heathrow. It is estimated the new runway will eventually create nearly


77,000 new jobs and boost the economy by ?61 billion over 60


years. That is a new mutt cautious Government figure, much lower than


previous estimates. But the road and rail improvements could cost ?5


million. It will have to come from the taxpayer, and some fear oxygen


mag fears could rise to pay for it all. -- Fouts. Both fares are a


concern for the UK's biggest provider. It is going to be a daily


task and fight right throughout two make sure that airlines get value


from the airport in relation to this because the airport has a history of


inflating investments or that it inflates its reward. We can't allow


that to happen. This isn't a firework display. It is a traffic


control over south-east England, the most complex our on earth. An extra


quarter of a million flights will mean more noise and dirtier air. Air


pollution across the UK is damaging the health of thousands of people.


It is known to cause over 40,000 premature deaths across the UK and


it is particularly serious in hotspots such as can be found around


Heathrow. So we really desperately need the Government to take


immediate action if they really think that it is important to


protect people but might help from the damage caused by air pollution.


The Government has given the go-ahead but there is a lot of


arguing to be done before any planes are doing this on a new third


runway. That was our transport correspondent Richard Wescott


reporting. Workers have begun dismantling


the migrant camp known as the Jungle, in the French


port of Calais. Buses have been taking migrants away


from the camp for a second day - but there are new concerns that


hundreds - if not thousands - who'd been living there -


have gone missing. There are suggestions that many


are planning to return - Our correspondent Lucy Williamson


sends this report. The Jungle is emptying


a little more each day. Far harder to know for sure


where everyone has gone. Mohamed isn't planning on leaving,


even though you can clearly see police vans from the water tap


near his tent. When police broke into my home,


I still stay in the tree. You're going to go into the


woods here? There's talk of new camps springing


up around Calais even before No problem, I go to


another Jungle. Aid workers estimate that perhaps


2,000 migrants have slipped away to sleep rough around Calais,


or head towards other We've seen other people before that


have escaped into the forest I think people will try


and disappear, at least at first. And then maybe go on to other places


like Normandy, and other places As the first empty shelters


were dismantled, social workers, backed by police, went door to door


encouraging residents to leave. Aid workers have told us that


lots of people have left this camp and melted into the


fields around Calais. The government says thousands have


got on the official buses to leave. But there are still many,


many people living here in the Jungle with no


sign of leaving. But it's a reminder that


as the numbers dwindle, How far into this process have the


authorities got tonight? Well, day two of this operation to evict and


relocate thousands of migrants has now drawn to a close. The queues


have gone away and there have been no buses leaving for the past hour


or so. We have decided listed figures from the French authorities


who say that now in total over the past few days of this operation 4014


migrants have been given shelter, so they had been through the processing


plant behind me and have boarded buses and were taken to what they


are calling welcome and orientation centres across France. They're also


saying that today alone at 372 unaccompanied children have now been


moved to a secure part of the camp and are now sleeping in shipping


containers. Might not sound very nice, but much better and safer than


the tents they had been living in before. Unaccompanied children have


been a real cause for concern for a number of the organisations working


on the ground here. Save the Children earlier today asked


authorities to delay the demolition of the camp until they had been


accounted for. It did not seem that that had happened, and as he saw


from the report, demolition began earlier today. They started to


dismantle parts of the cap by hand and then small builders --


bulldozers came in to remove the debris from that area of the camp.


We were in the cap an hour or so ago, and everything was calm. Some


fires had been lit, some of them just bonfires and others where tents


had been set on fire but in the last few moments, we have seen a number


of police riot vans and fire engines move down towards the camp. We are


about 500 yards from it at the moment. So the French authorities


always said this would be a swift operation and it has been swift, but


perhaps not quite as swift as they had intended. They been very clear


about the fact that this camp will close and it will be cleared by the


end of the week. But as you sock in the report, there are still at least


1000 migrants living in the camp, some of them showing no sign of


leaving just yet. The French authorities said that they will give


everyone as much opportunity as they can to come here voluntarily, but


they have sent that they will intervene if they have to. Thank you


very much. You may remember the scandal that


erupted in September last year when the German car giant Volkswagen


was caught cheating has given final approval


to a 14.7 billion dollar settlement. It means they can start buying back


hundreds of thousands Our business correspondent


Michelle Fleury is in New York. A huge sum. Is this the final say at


least on this part of the matter? Well, I think is part of the matter,


yes. This is the final say, if you like. It brings together regulators,


lawyers for owners of about 407 to 5000 vehicles and VW. They


negotiated a settlement and today the judge has approved it. Now that


paves the way for owners of the affected vehicles in this particular


instance. We're only talking up two later cars from VW here in America.


They can now either sell back their cars to the company or opt to get it


fixed. They will also receive some compensation for all the trouble


they've been through. But this does not cover three later diesel cars.


So that settlement or that agreement with owners of those vehicles still


has yet to be reached. Yes, and it is only the United States we are


talking about. Where is VW now with the other challenger faces in


Europe, for example? We're heard from the EU yesterday urging the


company to do more to try and fixed and address the concerns of


customers in Europe. Part of the reason is that this scandal came to


the surface in the US, so a lot of the focus has been there. I think


that is why you're starting to see you ready later is making more


noise. Of course, the company had been at the time that this all


erupted into Demo 2015 trying to make an aggressive push into the


American market to gain more market share. That has really had to be


pushed to the side while it focuses on trying to address this issue on


both sides of the continent and at the same time, the company has also


lost its Chief Executive throughout this process. Michelle, we heard


Volkswagen has set aside an enormous amount of money to deal with all


this. Is the thinking that it may have to come up with even more? If


you look at the settlement today, it is $14 billion. The company we


understand has set aside around or up to $20 billion. At the same time,


given how many more issues are still out there, it is hard to say whether


they will have to put more money aside. There is the Justice


Department here in the United States still investigating. A settlement


may be reached there and that will involve more money. There are the


sums that the company is paying to its dealers in America. There are


lawsuits not just here in America but also in other parts of the


world, so the final tally is still mounting. Thanks very much.


the deadliest ever for migrants crossing the Mediterranean


The United Nations refugee agency says this year is likely to be


the deadliest ever for migrants crossing the Mediterranean


have died since the start of January, with the most dangerous


The International Energy Agency says renewable electricity has overtaken


coal to become the largest source of power capacity worldwide.


A new report by the agency says half-a-million solar panels


were installed every day around the world last year.


China accounted for forty per cent of all renewable capacity increases.


A Canadian nurse has been charged with murdering eight elderly


patients at nursing homes in the province of Ontario.


She's been identified her as 49-year-old Elizabeth


The victims - aged from 75 to 96 - had been given an unspecified drug.


The alleged murders took place between 2007 and 2014.


A local police chief said officers began investigating after receiving


a tip-off, but he wouldn't speculate about a motive.


Police in the Australian state of Queensland are investigating


an accident at the country's largest theme park, that left


The two men and two women were on a circular raft


which over-turned on a water ride at Dreamworld on the Gold Coast.


Witnesses said they had heard terrible screams when the raft


overturned at Australia's biggest theme park.


Early investigations suggest that water pushed one craft


into another, forcing it to tip over.


Two of the victims were thrown of the


Thunder River Rapids ride, according to ambulance officials, who have


Two other people died after being trapped inside.


That was probably the first ride I went on


Obviously, the kids on board were screaming.


We were waiting there for about half an hour.


They drained all the water out and then


had to refill and back-up and then we were allowed to go.


The police say that a crime scene has been


established at the popular tourist destination south-east of Brisbane.


The Queensland coroner is also conducting an enquiry into the


deaths of four people aged in their 30s and 40s.


Our thoughts and prayers are of course with the


families of those who have lost loved ones.


On what should have been a wonderful family day out.


But understandably, what people have


witnessed there today at Dreamworld has been


Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said


be a place for family fun and happiness, not tragedy.


The Thunder River Rapids ride is described on


Dreamworld's website as a moderate thrill,


The park will be closed indefinitely while investigations continue.


An attack in the dead of night, targetting a police training


college in Pakistan, has killed at least 60 cadets


Militants burst into the hostel for trainees in Quetta.


Both so-called Islamic State - and a Taliban splinter group


young recruits of Quetta Police Academy as three militants wielding


guns and wearing suicide bomber jackets broke in and started a


Shooting down police cadets and throwing hand


Almost 500 police cadets and trainers were rescued after a


military operation lasting several hours.


Two militants blew up their


Most of the victims were police cadets.


The local District Hospital was filled with survivors.


More than the wounds, they appeared stunned by


Abdul was among those who hid in a closet


as the militants picked off his colleagues one by one.


TRANSLATION: We were hiding in a room.


My cousin shouted when he got shot in the eye.


When they come inside, the suicide bomber blew himself up.


A strange, uneasy silence outside Quetta Police


Academy, scene of last night's carnage.


This is the third time this very building has come under attack,


located on a road where security forces are often targeted by


As the city once again buries its dead, questions are


now being raised as to how well prepared the Government is to deal


The Government admits there is a problem.


You have to be more vigilant and agility has


Having said all this, we still are humans.


If there are lapses, we will take them into account.


We are not shifting the responsibility.


Quetta has seen many similar attacks by both


separatists and various Islamist militant factions over the recent


Meanwhile, in the city, the people prepare once more to bury


In Iraq, the slow assault against so-called Islamic State goes on.


There are reports of more clashes in the western Iraqi town of Rutba,


where militants launched a surprise attack on Sunday.


Meanwhile around Mosul, Kurdish forces taking part


in the offensive to retake the city are besieging a key


On a visit to France, the US Defence Secretary Ash Carter


spoke about widening the battle against IS beyond Mosul.


With our local partners in the Rocky security forces, -- the Iraq


security forces, we have commenced the operation in Mosul. The Iraqis


are fighting with skill and courage, enabled by the coalition. And today,


we as members of the coalition resolved to follow through with that


same sense of urgency and focus on developing and collapsing the


control of Islamic State over Raqqa as well. We have already begun


laying the groundwork to commence the isolation of Raqqa.


We're just hours away from the awarding of


the Man Booker Prize for fiction, one of the most prestigious prizes


Let's have a look at some of the contenders on the shortlist


Scottish author Graeme Macrae Burnet has 3 to 1 odds for crime


From the UK Deborah Levy is nominated for Hot Milk which sees


a woman forced to confront her difficult relationship


with her mother when the pair travel to Spain to try to find a cure


Canada's Madeleine Thien Do Not Say We Have Nothing


Her novel is about a young woman who flees China in the aftermath


Our Arts Correspondent Rebecca Jones is at London's Guildhall.


She has been speaking to some of the judges. Hello and welcome to the


Guildhall, we're in a few hours, we will find out who has won one of the


world's most important literary prizes. It promises to be quite a


party. 500 guests are expected from the champagne reception behind us


and among them, the six writers short listed for the prize this


year. One of them, this will be a career defining moment. I am


delighted to say that we are joined by two of this year's judges. The


actress Olivia Williams and the writer and academic John Day. Thank


you for joining us. Olivia, you read 135 books as part of this process.


Where and when? Everywhere. In bed. I would not speak to my family


unless they had a candle stuck to their face. -- a reader structure


their face. I would have read while cycling if I could have done. John,


what made the six books that you selected for the short list stand


out? It is hard to isolate any one particular characteristic, but we


all felt that a prize like this rewards readability and the ability


of a novel to sustain and reveal new parts of itself through multiple


encounters. We have all read the short list of books many, many times


now and that is the main quality which I think we are judging.


Olivia, by all accounts you were quite a feisty bunch of judges this


year, with people threatening to jump off bridges and are themselves


out of windows and their book did not make the cut. Naming no names.


So how did you go about picking a winner? We deferred to our very fine


chairperson, Amanda Foreman, who ran a strict comment and no


interruptions and run up onto the next judge and then we went to the


full gamut of electoral possibilities from first past the


post to proportional representation to how does this make you feel and


how does this make you feel was the winner. And we all felt incredibly


excited by the result. It is such an intriguing mix this year, John. You


have some crime, thrillers, historical drama, even a bit of


comedy. Tell me, does it come down to the best book or is it the best


arguments by certain judges? Good question. Difficult to separate the


two. Once we have exhausted all of our various voting methods, I think


what we settled on was that visceral feeling of first encountering these


novels and how they made us feel and how it felt to have with them for


ten months and revisit them, so put forward all of our very nuanced and


intellectually advanced arguments and settled on feeling. A very quick


final question. Are you believed it is all over? I am still with the


euphoria. Tomorrow morning, when my hangover sets in, I will be


relieved, but right now I am very excited at being here. Yes, I think


families will be excited. John day, Olivia Williams, 20 very much. We


will bring you the announcement of the winner live in a special


programme and that begins at 9:30pm. A special programme on BBC world


News for the announcement of the Booker prize. That is in a couple of


hours. Carlos Alberto Torres,


the captain of Brazil's legendary 1970 World Cup-winning side has died


at the age of 72. Though a defender, he scored


what many consider to be the greatest goal in the history


of the tournament in the final He played for Brazilian sides


Flumineng-see, Botafogo, Santoos and Flamengoo in the 1960s


and 1970s before a stint Don't forget you can get


in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -


I'm @ KarinBBC. And you can see what we are working


on via facebook too. Lots there to look at about our


programmes coming up


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