26/10/2016 World News Today


26/10/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:00.:00:00.

French authorities say it's mission accomplished.

:00:07.:00:10.

They have closed down the so-called migrant camp.

:00:11.:00:14.

Departing migrants are blamed for setting makeshift shelters

:00:15.:00:16.

ablaze, so what does it mean for Europe's migrant crisis?

:00:17.:00:21.

TRANSLATION: It's truly today, the end of the Jungle,

:00:22.:00:23.

The battle to rid Iraq of so-called Islamic State.

:00:24.:00:32.

We report from a village near Mosul where the extremists

:00:33.:00:34.

As Hillary Clinton campaigns in Florida, Donald Trump is hoping

:00:35.:00:46.

to cut it with the voters, by opening his new hotel in Washington.

:00:47.:00:51.

He's the the first American to win the Man Booker Prize.

:00:52.:00:54.

I'll be talking to Paul Beatty about his daring novel The Sellout.

:00:55.:01:16.

For years, its been a destination for migrants and refugees hoping

:01:17.:01:19.

to cross the short stretch of water from Continental Europe to England.

:01:20.:01:22.

Now, according to the French authorities at least,

:01:23.:01:23.

the camp known as the Jungle is no more.

:01:24.:01:26.

They appear to have acted on their pledge to remove the shanty

:01:27.:01:29.

town at Calais, just 25 miles from the English coast.

:01:30.:01:37.

These were the scenes earlier today as residents set fire

:01:38.:01:39.

to the tents and shelters before being taken away.

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Officially, the migrants are being dispersed to reception

:01:42.:01:44.

But it's unclear how many have been left behind

:01:45.:01:49.

Today, the eerie calm that has hung over the Jungle broke.

:01:50.:02:00.

The ending of the camp telegraphed across the Calais sky.

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Shelters set ablaze in protest, perhaps, or resignation

:02:04.:02:07.

So far there has been very little resistance to this clearance.

:02:08.:02:13.

But the operation seems to be reaching a tipping point.

:02:14.:02:16.

Those who are still here have a different point to make.

:02:17.:02:24.

At the camp's borders, those who still had homes

:02:25.:02:27.

inside watched and waited, held back by riot police.

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Officials say the fires have speeded up the eviction

:02:34.:02:36.

and that the clearance will be over by tonight.

:02:37.:02:43.

TRANSLATION: We are seeing that after three days

:02:44.:02:45.

5,000 have come to this centre so far.

:02:46.:02:50.

The last fires in the camp have convinced them.

:02:51.:02:53.

We have seen some Syrians who didn't want to come initially.

:02:54.:02:56.

They are here now and community leaders, who said they also wanted

:02:57.:03:02.

to go now that their communities have gone and there was no-one left.

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But, in the past few hours, migrants have been filing back

:03:06.:03:12.

into the Jungle to sleep among the ashes.

:03:13.:03:16.

His friends, who joined the buses out on Monday,

:03:17.:03:22.

had told him it was not worth leaving, he said, and they were

:03:23.:03:25.

I know the Jungle has been finished - nothing -

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but it's better to be there until tomorrow.

:03:34.:03:36.

If the police come, we are ready to go to the detention centre.

:03:37.:03:41.

Aid workers say the speed of today's operation has left some

:03:42.:03:44.

of the camp's most vulnerable with nowhere to sleep tonight.

:03:45.:03:48.

In terms of the children, they are in not all

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We have counted so, so many who don't have the response,

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cannot get into the containers, cannot go into the Jules

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Ferry Centre and have no accommodation whatsoever.

:03:59.:04:01.

Officials say this is the last chance for migrants to leave before

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The story of Calais' migrants is over, they say.

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But for those still determined to reach Britain, it

:04:12.:04:15.

Leonard Doyle is from the International

:04:16.:04:22.

Do you think that this is the end of people attempting to come to the UK?

:04:23.:04:40.

Looking at the numbers of opportunities here in the UK, why

:04:41.:04:44.

are people still wanting to come here rather than claiming asylum in

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France? It is far from the end of people wanting to come to the UK.

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Why would they not want to? It is our vibrant economy and welcoming

:04:55.:04:59.

place. In terms of the problems in Calais, it is probably the end of

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the Jungle because of the determination of the French and

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British governments that this should end. It has deeply affected the

:05:07.:05:12.

politics of both countries. The question is surely that those

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migrants are entitled to claim asylum in France, in a safe country,

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not at threat, they should presumably not want to come to the

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UK. I have numbers on work and benefits, compared between the UK

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and France, and that is not huge difference. Great Britain is great

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for many reasons, the culture is extraordinary and people are

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attracted to it, and they also have family and language links. They can

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hardly be blamed for trying to improve their life. It makes them

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economic migrants though, once they have got to safety, trying to

:06:01.:06:04.

improve their life. If their asylum claims are meant to be assessed in

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the country were the first land in Europe, but that system has been in

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disarray for a long time. Is the French dispersal system going to

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work? Will they be able to quickly and easily claim asylum in France

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and will that alleviate the build-up? You also have to remind

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people that unaccompanied minors have a different status and they

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have to be given special conditions and treatment to avoid things like

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trafficking. With dispersal, France has put a lot of effort into this

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and it wants the problem to go away. It is treating political problems

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between both countries, creating a huge star in the British media,

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which is hyped up, if you think of the numbers in Germany last year,

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nearly a million, only 7000 in Calais. Thank you.

:07:02.:07:11.

Italy has been hit by a strong earthquake,

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There are no immediate reports of damage.

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The earthquake struck the centre of the country, not far

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from the southwest village of Visso, but the tremors were felt over 170km

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away in the capital Rome and as far as Florence and Naples.

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It comes just two months after an earthquake destroyed

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the hilltop village of Amatrice and a number of other towns,

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What more details than we have at the moment? We know that local

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authorities are trying to assess if the latest earthquake has caused any

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damage. It is 5.4 on the Richter scale, not as strong as the one in

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late August which left 300 people dead. They are trying to assess

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whether some buildings which are already damaged in August have now

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collapsed. I just heard an interview in local media with the deputy mayor

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of one of the towns affected, and their attention is on those

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buildings which had been badly damaged by the previous earthquake

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and could have collapsed with the previous one. So far, no indication

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of major collapses, but it was also very strongly felt in the capital.

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Iraqi special forces say they've moved over 1,000 civilians

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from areas around the city of Mosul, the last bastion of IS

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As Iraqi troops and Kurdish fighters continue their push

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towards the city, the militants are fighting back with scores

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Our correspondent Orla Guerin reports from the front

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line village of Fazliya, not far from Mosul itself.

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In the skies near Mosul, Apache helicopters armed

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The call to prayer echoes deep in the valley below

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The black flag of IS still flying here.

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Look at the other flags on the rooftops.

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Kurdish forces believe innocent civilians are indicating

:09:27.:09:30.

their locations but they are also a human shield for IS.

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They have gathered families in a few houses, says Captain Ali Hassan.

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That's why we can't open fire or bomb with jets.

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Otherwise we would have taken this village quickly.

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When it comes to taking Mosul, there are lessons to be learned

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Time has already run out for IS here but they have left

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Drums of oil, which they used to create a smoke screen.

:10:05.:10:16.

The whole world is fighting for this, says this Kurdish colonel,

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We didn't lift the rocks to find out.

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Inside the mosque, bags of earth, hidden from view.

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We descended to the depths of an underground lair.

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In this elaborate warren, IS fighters could live and move

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around, safe from air strikes and surveillance drones.

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This was the sleeping area for one of the fighters.

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There are strong beams here and there was an electricity supply.

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There were also some creature comforts.

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There is a fan here with Koranic verses written on it.

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It's a list of rules and regulations.

:11:15.:11:20.

There are rules for how you should pray on a Friday,

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how to pray when you travel, and how to pray before

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And the jihadis are emerging from tunnels like this

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This is just one tunnel in one village.

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Imagine what lies waiting under the streets of Mosul.

:11:41.:11:48.

The US Presidential election is just 13 days away and we're

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used to Donald Trump doing the unconventional.

:11:52.:11:54.

On Friday he took a break from campaigning to officially

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open his new hotel, close to the White House, no less.

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Mr Trump cut the ribbon with family members on Pennsylvania

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He didn't miss the opportunity to urge voters to dream big and bold.

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I'm tired of the excuses from our politicians.

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I'm tired of being told what cannot be done.

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I'm tired of people asking Americans to defer their dreams to another

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day, but really what they mean is to another decade.

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We can achieve our goals for this country and we can do

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so more quickly than anyone ever thought possible.

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There is nothing we cannot accomplish.

:12:37.:12:47.

Donald Trump will later resume campaigning in North Carolina.

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His Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton, is spending her

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69th birthday rallying support in the important election

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Polls suggest the results could be very tight. She attacked the

:12:54.:13:06.

negativity of her opponent. It's about a common vision we share,

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of a hopeful, dynamic, unified America where everyone

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counts and everyone has a place. So I really believe,

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it may be my name on the ballot, Every issue you care about,

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every concern you have about our country or the world, just

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imagine that being on this ballot. It really does come down

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to who we are as a country. The BBC's Kim Ghattas is in Tampa,

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Florida, where Hillary Clinton is about to take to the stage

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for the second rally of the day. Quite a way to spend your birthday.

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Florida is a key state and everybody is watching. Why is Donald Trump not

:13:55.:14:03.

their? He has been criticised for this decision to open his luxury

:14:04.:14:10.

hotel in Washington, DC today, with the media and pundits here

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commenting on the fact it is more important for him to talk about his

:14:16.:14:19.

brand rather than America. Perhaps for Donald Trump, both blend

:14:20.:14:29.

together, when he talks about making America great again, he talks about

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his record as a businessman, which has also come under scrutiny, and he

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had a billboard outside one of the rooms of his hotel, which said under

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budget and ahead of schedule. Talking about how he managed to open

:14:43.:14:46.

and build the hotel under budget and ahead of schedule. That is his

:14:47.:14:52.

message. That he can do the same for America. But it is all about

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campaigning at the end of the day. Hillary Clinton is taking this very

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seriously, not leaving anything to chance. The polling is tight, she is

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ahead in some in Florida. She will be here today, here since yesterday,

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and back on Saturday. It is a key state for Clinton, but crucial for

:15:19.:15:22.

Donald Trump. He will not be able to win without Florida. Hillary Clinton

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has many more pass to the White House than Donald Trump at this

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stage. What the Clinton campaign is doing is trying to get as many early

:15:33.:15:36.

votes as possible. That is something you can do in the US. Voting early.

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Democrats traditionally have a problem with turnout on election

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day. So the Clinton campaign is trying to make sure as many people

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vote early as possible, Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, where turnout

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will be crucial. They expect that 60% of registered voters in a state

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like Florida will have already cast their ballots before election day.

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It will be a tight race in Florida but overall Hillary Clinton is ahead

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in the polls in key battle ground states. A sense of how nervous

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Donald Trump's campaign might be is the fact that his running mate is

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today in a Utah, a traditional red state.

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And you can find everything about the US elections,

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including the latest polls, on our website.

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Over the past few months the BBC has been investigating

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a disturbing new phenomenon - the use of private or sexually

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explicit images to threaten, blackmail, or shame young people.

:16:53.:16:54.

So-called revenge porn happens everywhere.

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But across parts of Africa, the Middle East and South Asia,

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photos shared on smartphones have collided head on with traditional

:16:59.:17:00.

As part of this series, we spoke to a young Egyptian woman

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who sent a private dancing video to her boyfriend.

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That was Ghadeer Ahmed from Egypt, talking about standing up

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for the rights of women and girls in her country.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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Russia has denied it formally requested a fleet of its warships be

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refuelled in the Spanish port of Ceuta.

:20:16.:20:19.

The ships are travelling near Spanish waters

:20:20.:20:20.

There had been concern from Nato countries that the ships would be

:20:21.:20:25.

Activists say air strikes on the rebel-held village of Haas

:20:26.:20:29.

in north-western Syria have killed more than 20 people.

:20:30.:20:31.

A school complex was reportedly among several locations targeted.

:20:32.:20:37.

It is not yet known if the raids were carried out by Syrian

:20:38.:20:40.

Thousands of white-clad protesters have taken to the streets of Caracas

:20:41.:20:45.

in a major opposition rally against Venezuela's

:20:46.:20:47.

It is the latest in the escalating political crisis that

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sees opposition leaders accuse President Maduro

:20:53.:20:54.

The novelist Paul Beatty has become the first American to win

:20:55.:21:02.

It's one of the most prestigious awards in the literary world.

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He picked up the $60,000 prize at a ceremony at London's Guildhall

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His novel, The Sellout, takes a satirical look at race

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and racism in the United States, telling the story of a young black

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man who tries to reinstate slavery and racial segregation in a suburb

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I am delighted to say he joins us now. Congratulations. How did it

:21:23.:21:39.

feel when your name was read out? It was a shock. It felt good, of

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course. It is such an honour. It is a difficult book and it is so nice

:21:49.:21:52.

that people appreciate it. Surprised? Definitely. Could you

:21:53.:22:01.

read the first few sentences? This may be hard to believe coming from a

:22:02.:22:05.

black man but I've never stolen anything, never cheated on my taxes

:22:06.:22:11.

or at cards, never snuck into the movies or failed to give back the

:22:12.:22:16.

extra change to a drug store cashier indifferent to the ways of

:22:17.:22:19.

mercantilism and minimum wage expectations. I've never burgled

:22:20.:22:26.

house or held up a liquor store. We will stop there because it becomes

:22:27.:22:32.

slightly rude! Give us a flavour of the book. A little bit like what you

:22:33.:22:39.

said, and you have heard the phrase fight fire with fire, he is trying

:22:40.:22:44.

to fight racism with racism. Using these really classical historical

:22:45.:22:49.

methods of American racism to kind of empower and reinvigorate his

:22:50.:22:57.

community and put it back on the map, the town has been raised and he

:22:58.:23:01.

is trying to find out how to put it back on the map. It is very

:23:02.:23:07.

satirical and I wonder if people will read it in a different way,

:23:08.:23:11.

whether you have to be non-whites to get it in a different way. Did you

:23:12.:23:17.

write it with the election in mind? I wish I was that depression and --

:23:18.:23:34.

that pressure and... -- prescient. It is a book about absurdity and

:23:35.:23:40.

this election is absurd, the American sense of decorum and least

:23:41.:23:44.

things increasingly falling apart. I read a chapter which said how

:23:45.:23:50.

everyone blames Mexicans for everything and how ridiculous it is,

:23:51.:23:54.

and given Donald John noes-mac language about building a wall, was

:23:55.:23:56.

that going on when you were writing it? It has been going on ever since

:23:57.:24:03.

Latinos and white Americans have been in the same space. There have

:24:04.:24:11.

been many attempts... Donald Trump is the latest in a long line of

:24:12.:24:16.

people tried to push people over the border. As a novelist, how much of a

:24:17.:24:21.

difference does this prize make to you? I don't know yet. I can't

:24:22.:24:30.

really answer that. It feels good. Tomorrow is another day and one year

:24:31.:24:33.

from now there will be another winner. Does it give you a sense of

:24:34.:24:41.

security? No. The security comes from that I worked really hard and

:24:42.:24:44.

that people have acknowledged that I worked really hard, that is great.

:24:45.:24:49.

It makes the next few contracts of it easier to sign, and that more

:24:50.:24:55.

people will read it. That is what I am hoping. In terms of having a

:24:56.:25:02.

voice, we have had a black president, all going now, do you

:25:03.:25:04.

think he has brought about the change that able hoped for, that he

:25:05.:25:11.

probably opt for himself, on the race front was mac we have seen

:25:12.:25:23.

police -- front? That stuff has been going on forever. The is hopefully a

:25:24.:25:30.

spotlight on that stuff now. For a lot of people this is nothing new.

:25:31.:25:36.

There is attention on that, something merited attention long

:25:37.:25:44.

ago. In 20 seconds, how are you going to celebrate? I haven't yet. I

:25:45.:25:49.

had three quarters of a bear yesterday. -- drink of beer.

:25:50.:26:01.

Well, it certainly was quite mild day across most parts

:26:02.:26:05.

of the United Kingdom, and it's is a fairly mild

:26:06.:26:08.

over the next few days, with high pressure in charge

:26:09.:26:10.

Remember, wind's going round clockwise, so we are dragging

:26:11.:26:13.

our air in from the Atlantic, and that mild air is spread

:26:14.:26:18.

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