27/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Lebo Diseko.


The Headlines: Breakthrough in the European Union's on-off free


Leaders of the Walloon region of Belgium finally approve it


We are extremely happy that our requests have been accommodated. We


always vote for treaties would support our way of life, our


environment, and support our public services.


calls it "miraculous" no one was seriously hurt.


With just 12 days to go before the US chooses its next president,


Hillary Clinton is joined by Michelle Obama -


The world could lose more than two thirds of mammals,


fish and other species with a backbone, by 2020


You can feel the relief in Brussels and across the Atlantic in Ottawa.


The European Union and Canada have now finally agreed


The Belgian region of Wallonia - who'd blocked the agreement


with objections - has finally come on board.


Belgium's Prime Minister said the text now has guarantees for


farmers, and on the controversial dispute settlement system.


But as protesters gather outside the European Commission, it's clear


that free trade is a difficult issue, and future deals -


including with the UK - may be very hard to achieve.


Behind the doors of the official residence of Belgium's federal Prime


Minister, a moment of relief after a week of embarrassment.


The Prime Minister says he now has a deal with the regional


assemblies, without whose agreement Belgium and therefore the whole EU


was unable to sign up to free trade with Canada.


TRANSLATION: The consultation committee just reached


an agreement about the text that reflected the Belton position and


an agreement about the text that reflected the Belgian position and


that is immediately being addressed to the European Commission and the


In the coming minutes, I'll be talking to commission president


Jean Claude Junker and Council President Donald Tusk.


Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is also scheduled for today.


French speaking Wallonia led the rebellion.


Critics say its leaders are playing politics


to raise their profile in


They say there are sticking up for European consumers.


Translation: We in Wallonia are extremely happy that our requests


We've always voted for treaties that would support our way


of life, our environment, and which protect our public services.


So nothing is set up purely to benefit


individuals, but rather it is overseen by accountable public


bodies, which legally guarantee equal treatment.


Well, the economic and trade agreement aims to eliminate 98%


of tariffs between Canada and the EU.


That could save European Union exporters more than half a


Supporters say the deal would increase trade by 20%


and would especially help small businesses.


But critics say it gives too much power to big business.


They're worried that EU regulations on product standards could be


And that multinationals would be able to sue governments to


Belgium's internal deal came finally on the day when


the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was due


It is still not clear when the deal will finally be signed.


But after a difficult week for Belgium's national


Government and frustration for Canada and the rest of the EU, CETA


Although there will be no celebrating until it is finally


With me is our business correspondent Tanya Beckett.


It is not a done deal yet, is it? No. The area is in the south. It is


a French-speaking area and is far less affluent than the Flemish


north. Much of this deal is based on the idea of food products going back


and forth between Canada and the EU, so that is why they felt themselves


particularly exposed. They were also feeling that some of the regulations


that they had in place, as far as they were concerned were a


democratic matter, would really end up in the hands of multinationals


and that Canada would end up as a gateway for big US companies. There


are these type of concerns about other free-trade deals with the US,


for example, as well. Yes. Neither side looks well out of this. Canada


looks rather inept and naive and rather inexperienced when it comes


to diplomacy and the EU really doesn't look in any way unified in


this does not bode well for the UK, which of course is leaving the EU


and have to negotiate its trade relationship once again. I would say


there is an important distinction, though, that what we are talking


about here is a change in the lower product between Canada and the EU


and that is what will ultimately happen, whereas with Brexit what we


are talking about is the EU trying to be establish what it already has,


so nobody feels ridiculous under threat because of the EU gets it


right then things would not particularly change. So with the


Brexit negotiations and the Brexit deal, are there other countries that


may, like Wallonia, scupper those negotiations? They are unique in the


way that the parliament works is that you have to have all three


parts of it agreeing and then it has to be agreed centrally. In this type


of deal was described as a mixed deal. Meaning that it requires the


individual approval of all of the EU member state and therefore in the


case of Belgium it is also its constituent states. That is not


always the case with a trade deal. Sometimes you can get you to agree


directly. It depends what it is and whether it contains this mixed


factor which means it would include services to, but underlying this is


a very portion trend and that is a suspicion that trade deals do not


bring uniform wealth. The big figures might suggest that but there


are always those who lose out. Fantastic you with us. Very


interesting. Thank you very much. There's been severe damage


in central Italy, after two strong Hundreds of people have had


to leave their homes. And many historic buildings


have been damaged. Rescue teams have been struggling


to reach some areas but officials say the situation


is not "catastrophic". The centre of these latest


earthquakes is about 70 kilometers from Amatrice, where


an earthquake in August killed James Reynolds is in the region,


and sent this report. The people of Central Italy have


always known that they live in But the last two months have


proven just what that Wednesday night's quakes have


damaged roads and buildings. Rescue workers have


helped people from We have a lot of fear and we don't


know what to do right now because this is a place


that is about tourism. I don't know how


we will start again. The church of Saint Salvatore


is on the tourist It was hit in previous quakes


and it has now come down. The effects of the two earthquakes


could have This church collapsed,


but no one was hurt. And across this region,


many people have They've also had to get


through a series of Rescue workers will now have


to check every road, bridge and One of this country's most beautiful


regions is also one of its The United Nation's children's


agency UNICEF has said if the air strikes on a school


in Syria on Wednesday were deliberate


they are a war crime. More than 20 children and six


teachers are reported to have been killed in the strikes


in a rebel-held village A residential area around the school


complex was also hit. Russia has insisted it had nothing


to do with the airstrikes. The UN's humanitarian chief said


it was up to member states to act. This is not inevitable,


it's not an accident. It is the deliberate actions of one


set of powerful human beings on another set


of impotent human beings. And it can be stopped


but you the security council have The former British Prime Minister


and UN Special Envoy for Global Education Gordon Brown


is at the United Nations Thank you for joining us. You are


saying that if this is deliberate, it is a warm crime and it should be


prosecuted mother and how does that actually help people on the ground


today? The International criminal Court should be brought in. We


should find out what has been happening. There have been 98 school


attacks in the last year and a half and we have 30 children at least,


perhaps more, who have been mutilated, who have died and two


were the victims of what is an education atrocity, which is the


worst one that has happened. If we do not investigate and we do not


hold people responsible and if we do not prosecute, then this will


continue to happen. It is time that the United Nations security council


said that we are putting this to the International criminal Court. I will


come back to that in a moment, but those prosecutions take a long time.


What does that differ people in Syria on the ground today? Because


whoever is responsible is put on notice that they are going to be


investigated. They cannot do with impunity for too long as Stephen


O'Brien has said, the international community has stood by and innocent


children in their thousands have lost their lives as a result of or


failure to act. Now what has prevented the Security Council


acting in the last two years is Russia and it vetoed an


investigation into atrocities two years ago. Today, the Russian


Foreign Ministry said that they would welcome an independent


investigation, so in theory, all the security council is now in favour of


investigating this crime. The security Council should now meet, it


should agree that the International criminal Court be brought in. If it


can't agree on the International criminal Court was that prosecution


authority, it should agree on a separate security Council


investigation. You cannot have people bombing children in this way


with impunity. You have got to show that they are going to be held


accountable if possible, prosecuted by the International criminal Court


at a later date. Is that the core issue within the Security Council


that Russia itself says that it has been threatened by Nato and that


some people might argue that the West has mishandled its relationship


with President Putin and with Russian? But hold on. This is


international law. It is a war crime, agreed when we said of the


International criminal Court that any attack on a school that is


deliberately seen as something that is a violation of human rights and


has got to be both investigated and where people are accountable, they


have got to be prosecuted. Do you think that is adequate? This is a


clear-cut case that if there is a war crime, then people should be


held responsible. Now whether it is the Syrian army or the Russian air


force or whoever has been responsible for this, the means


exist now that Russia has said it wants an investigation for the


Security Council to agree on this. We should call the Russian bluff on


this and hold the Security Council meeting, agree if we can get


everybody together on this, now that Russia has said it wants an


investigation that it should happen. We have been waiting for years now


to have the sort of investigations that would deter people from doing


this in the future. If people are bombing hospitals, civilians,


children, is the possibility of a prosecution and adequate deterrent?


No, of course not. It is only one of the measures that we should be


taking. But we have a year of fear because children have become the


innocent victims of so many of the wars in the middle East and of


course in Africa. We have stood by and the international community has


done so little when schools have been militarised, when young people


have been recruited into militias, and when schools themselves had been


bombed. And it is time to say that this is enough and we are going to


do something about it. And if we do not seize this opportunity when


Russia has admitted there is a need for an investigation, to call their


bluff or to force an internal investigation, then we will be


failing all of the children who were put in danger in future. You talk


about Russia and having to put Russia on notice and called their


bluff. President Putin is saying that he is holding restraint at the


moment and actually he intends to continue bombing Syria, rooting out


what he has called a nest of terrorists, despite the fact that


they are our civilians there. There is not a great deal of sway that you


have over Russian actions. I think you're missing the point. There is a


clear-cut case for a war crime that has been committed. The


international legislation we have all approved says that if that does


happen, it should go to the International criminal Court. If we


stand by when these atrocities are happening and allow children to be


the innocent and the vulnerable victims of wars that are being


conducted in this region then we are failing the next generation of


children. If you try to sidestep the issue and say Russia did this or


someone else did that or someone else is to blame, you have got to


investigate a crime when it is committed. We believe was


intentional. Isn't the real issue the fact that the Security Council


has essentially been paralysed because of this breakdown in the


relationship with Russia and many people would argue that the West has


failed in that relationship? Hold on. I am does pointing out that


Russia stood out against the security council resolution in 2014.


It did not support an investigation into atrocities. Now they have said


and perhaps they will regret saying this but they have said that they


would welcome and have called upon the international authorities to


have an independent investigation. If we do not then follow-up and have


that independent investigation and we are failing the children who have


died, but failing also those children and those adults who are at


risk in the future. Now, there are 6 million displaced children in Syria.


There are two Melbourne refugees children who are now outside of


Syria. They are a lost generation and if we continue to do nothing and


stand-by when atrocities are committed and there is a clear-cut


case for an investigation, then we are responsible, but this is the


moment when the Security Council could act. OK. Former British by


Minister and UN special envoy for education, Gordon Brown, thank you.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Japanese carmaker, Nissan, has decided to build new versions


of two of its leading models in Britain, in what is the first


major deal for the industry since the UK voted to leave the EU.


Nissan's decision will secure at least seven thousand jobs.


The firm said it has been given assurances that its UK-based plant


Twitter has announced major cutbacks after reporting a sharp slowdown


The social media giant has confirmed it will shut down its short-form


video sharing service, Vine, and axe 9%


Two Yazidi women who fled the Islamic State group in Iraq have


won Europe's top human rights award, the Sakharov prize.


Nadia Murad Basee and Lamiya Aji Bashar were among thousands


of Yazidi girls and women abducted by IS militants and forced


Both survived and now campaign for the Yazidi community.


With just 12 days to go until the US Presidential election,


the candidates are blitzing the key swing states that could


Hillary Clinton's in North Carolina, while her rival Donald Trump


He's been facing criticism for taking time out of his


campaign to open one of his new luxury hotels -


I built one of the great hotels of the world.


I'm going to North Carolina right after this and am going back


But I can't take one hour off to cut a ribbon at one of the great hotels


She goes, she does one stop because she has no energy.


She does one stop and nobody complained about that.


Adele concert all night long, while I'm making two


speeches and rallies with


The BBC's Barbara Plett-Usher is in Washington.


Michelle Obama turning out to be the star of the show, right? Yes, she is


passionate, she is seen as authentic. She is not a politician


so she does not have that baggage but she does carry a parity. In the


speeches she has made already, she is really resonated widely, so she


is a heavy hitter for Mrs Clinton. They will be campaigning together


for the first time and she in particular appeals to the


constituencies like Mullany, like African-Americans, like women, and


she has been brought with Mrs Clinton to a battle ground state


like North Carolina where the race is very tight to renew this effort


to get out the early voters. It all depends on who actually comes to the


ballot box, so the Clinton campaign is really pushing this to lock it in


as soon as possible. And issue managing to connect with those


millennial 's, who may have supported Bernie Sanders before. It


is interesting because Bernie Sanders really happy millennial 's


support. They were not keen to switch their support to Mrs Clinton.


They thought she was establishment and not radical enough and morally


compromised. They had been flirting with independence. But the latest


poll seems to show a reversing that trend. Now it looks like Mrs Clinton


will get as much support from Mullany is as Barack Obama did in


2012 and the reasons for that word because these people were beginning


to really realise what was at stake in this election and also to realise


that the independent candidates would not be able to help them out


with the issues that they wanted help on so it looks as if she is


stronger on that then she has been. OK, so for the two candidates, less


than two weeks to go, but what are the key issues they are going to


want to hone in on? Well, it is really all about getting the vote


out now so it is going to be the question of closing arguments. They


will make their statements. Not much different than what they had before.


Making the case about why they are better to lead the country. Pounding


their candidate, as such. The focus will be on the ground game, making


sure that the voters get out. You have these rallies with the heavy


hitters in the battle ground states. Mrs Clinton had much better


grounding than Donald Trump does and she will really try to capitalise on


that. Both of them do still pass to the White House. Donald Trump is


definitely not out of the race but she has more parts than he does so


she will be trying to exploit that as well. So that will be the focus


of the next two weeks. All right. I am pretty sure it is going to be an


exciting 12 days, if nothing else. Thank you very much.


The world is facing the biggest extinction of animal life


Seven in 10 mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and other vertebrate


species will be wiped out in just 50 years.


It found that human behaviour was eating, crowding and poisoning


The Living Planet Report has been published jointly


by the environmental group, WWF, and the Zoological Society


The world's wildlife is under threat.


From African elephants, whose numbers are


plummeting because of poaching, to Europe's killer whales,


The Living Planet report looked at 3700 different


species and it has found that since 1970


populations have fallen by


That's a decline of about 2% every year.


process but we are seeing higher levels of extinction than is


So we are already seeing extinctions, but yes,


we would expect those extinctions only to increase if we don't stop


The researchers say that humans are to


blame, from overfishing to deforestation and climate change.


They warn if nothing is done wildlife populations could fall by


two thirds by 2020, but some conservationists say there is not


enough data to draw firm conclusions.


The researchers say that humans are to blame.


They warn if nothing is done wildlife populations could fall by


two thirds by 2020, but some conservationists say there is not


enough data to draw firm conclusions.


It is true that the overall index is declining. Very markedly. But of


course it is an overall measure. That is aggregated up from many


different cases and it hides some really important differences.


Between species, between different parts of the world, and between


different habitats. But amid the declines, there have been some


successes. Wild tiger numbers have now risen for the first time in a


century. And giant pandas are now no longer classified as endangered. But


it will be a challenge to reverse a problem that is on such a large


scale. The president of Venezuela has


offered a 40% rise in the minimum wage. It is the fourth increment in


the year. This comes up day after 100,000 people took to the streets


to protest against the Government. The oil-rich country is facing


widespread food shortages and spiralling inflation. The mass


demonstrations came after a recall referendum process, and attempt to


remove the prime Minster from power was suspended.


More than a million people in China have signed a petition demanding


that a captive polar bear be relocated.


The animal which is kept in a small enclosure in a shopping


mall, has been described as the world's saddest bear.


Animal rights groups have released video of the creature,


in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou.


They say it's displaying signs of agitation.


The shopping mall is refusing to give up the bear,


saying it's not breaking Chinese law.


Belgian officials say they've reached a breakthrough


on a European Union free trade deal with Canada.


The Belgian prime minister said the heads of his country's regional


and linguistic communities had now agreed a revised text.


The agreement was due to have been signed today,


but was delayed by opposition from the region of Wallonia.


Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some


of the team on Twitter - I'm at Lebo Diseko.


And you can see what we are working on via Facebook too.


Lots there to look at about our programmes coming up


But for now from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


There is a weak weather front making its way across the country


as we speak but it is not going to bring that much


Some of it heavy and persistent across north-west Scotland but as it


sinks further south, it will weaken off substantially.


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