28/10/2016 World News Today


28/10/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Chris Rogers.

:00:00.:00:00.

Hillary Clinton's e-mails are back under

:00:00.:00:09.

The FBI says it will investigate after new e-mails surface

:00:10.:00:15.

from a personal server to see if they contain classified information.

:00:16.:00:20.

Uber is told its drivers are entitled to minimum wage rates

:00:21.:00:23.

and holiday pay by a UK tribunal - so what does it mean

:00:24.:00:26.

The number of migrants sleeping rough on the streets of Paris goes

:00:27.:00:32.

up by at least a third since the start of the week -

:00:33.:00:36.

it follows the closure of the camp in Calais.

:00:37.:00:41.

And taking the plunge to create the world's largest marine sanctuary

:00:42.:00:43.

The director of the FBI says the bureau is probing new e-mails

:00:44.:01:09.

James Comey had previously said his organisation had

:01:10.:01:13.

completed its investigations into Mrs Clinton's use

:01:14.:01:16.

Now he says the FBI has learned of the existence of emails that may

:01:17.:01:22.

Laura any more information on emerging about these e-mails? We're

:01:23.:01:40.

still waiting for an update from Hillary Clinton's camp but here we

:01:41.:01:44.

are with just 11 days to go before America goes to the polls and here

:01:45.:01:49.

we are once again talking about Hillary Clinton's e-mail. This has

:01:50.:01:56.

come as a Friday bombshell. It was the FBI director James Comey who

:01:57.:02:00.

wrote a letter to members of the US Congress and said that he had

:02:01.:02:04.

discovered there has been the discovery of new e-mails, which may

:02:05.:02:07.

be pertinent to the investigation. Let's remind viewers, this dates

:02:08.:02:12.

back to when Hillary Clinton was Secretary of State. When she was

:02:13.:02:16.

sworn in in 2009, she installed a private e-mail server in her home in

:02:17.:02:21.

New York for her and use of e-mails. She has always defended it, saying

:02:22.:02:25.

it was simpler. She has always said that if she had her time again, she

:02:26.:02:30.

would not use that private e-mail server. There was an investigation.

:02:31.:02:36.

The FBI investigated whether she mishandled classified information.

:02:37.:02:39.

They cleared her of criminal wrongdoing, but James Comey also

:02:40.:02:44.

described her as careless for her handling of classified information.

:02:45.:02:50.

As you can imagine, the Republican response has been very swift. The

:02:51.:02:55.

speaker of the house, Paul Ryan, has issued a statement saying Hillary

:02:56.:02:59.

Clinton has nobody but herself to blame. She was entrusted with some

:03:00.:03:03.

of our nation's most important secrets as she be traded by

:03:04.:03:08.

carelessly mishandling classified information. Donald Trump has also

:03:09.:03:13.

responded. He's in New Hampshire. We've managed to get a clip because

:03:14.:03:19.

this is a breaking news story. This is what Donald Trump said at a rally

:03:20.:03:25.

in New Hampshire. Hillary Clinton's corruption is on a scale we have

:03:26.:03:33.

never seen before. We must not let her take her criminal scheme into

:03:34.:03:44.

the Oval Office. . I have great respect for the fact that the FBI

:03:45.:03:50.

and the Department of Justice are now willing to have the courage to

:03:51.:04:01.

write the horrible mistake that they made -- right. This has been going

:04:02.:04:05.

on for ages and doesn't seem to have that Hillary Clinton much damage so

:04:06.:04:09.

far but with 11 days to go before the Americans start voting, what

:04:10.:04:13.

about the American people? Is this neatly to damage Hillary Clinton's

:04:14.:04:17.

chances? This goes down to the deeper issue of trust and many

:04:18.:04:22.

people right at the start, when this story first broke, Hillary Clinton's

:04:23.:04:27.

poll numbers did begin to decline slightly. However, now, with 11 days

:04:28.:04:32.

to go, remember that millions, nearly 2.5 million people are

:04:33.:04:36.

thought to have already voted, will that trust now diminished? --

:04:37.:04:44.

diminish. As the news is breaking, it is hard to give analysis but you

:04:45.:04:53.

have Donald Trump and the raucous applause. It will hit and perhaps

:04:54.:04:58.

niggle at doubts in the maze of some voters and maybe make them think

:04:59.:05:02.

again. I think it will be some days before we know that. Meanwhile, FBI

:05:03.:05:07.

director James Comey says he's not sure how long this investigation

:05:08.:05:10.

will take and the State Department has issued a statement saying it

:05:11.:05:17.

fully cooperate. -- it will fully cooperate.

:05:18.:05:18.

In what could turn out to be a major blow to the taxi app Uber,

:05:19.:05:21.

a tribunal here in the UK has ruled in favour of Uber drivers,

:05:22.:05:25.

saying they should be treated as normal workers -

:05:26.:05:27.

and given holiday pay and the minimum wage.

:05:28.:05:30.

Uber had argued that it's just a technology company,

:05:31.:05:32.

not a taxi provider, and that their drivers work

:05:33.:05:35.

for themselves as self-employed people.

:05:36.:05:38.

Uber operates in more than 70 countries worldwide.

:05:39.:05:40.

Uber drivers, like Asif, get their jobs via the smartphone app.

:05:41.:05:49.

They are pioneers of the digital age.

:05:50.:05:53.

While Uber is his main source of income, he is classed

:05:54.:05:56.

Which is why he says Uber has been denying him normal workers' rights.

:05:57.:06:12.

I have no control of the work, I have an app.

:06:13.:06:14.

How could I be classified as self-employed, because I don't

:06:15.:06:20.

Uber has 40,000 drivers in Britain, but they are not employees with full

:06:21.:06:26.

employee rights, they are self-employed,

:06:27.:06:29.

as Uber calls them, who have to fend for themselves.

:06:30.:06:45.

But the drivers who brought this case, say they should be workers.

:06:46.:06:48.

Which is legally somewhere in the middle.

:06:49.:06:49.

Entitled to rest breaks, holiday pay, and the national minimum wage.

:06:50.:06:59.

This is the most important employment law decision

:07:00.:07:02.

Its implications reach far, far beyond Uber and reach right out

:07:03.:07:07.

They clarify the position and level the playing field up.

:07:08.:07:12.

Uber is no stranger to protest, traditional taxi drivers around

:07:13.:07:18.

the world accuse it of driving down fares and standards.

:07:19.:07:22.

It said it would appeal and that the overwhelming majority

:07:23.:07:33.

of drivers who use the Uber app want to keep the freedom and flexibility

:07:34.:07:37.

of being able to drive when and where they want.

:07:38.:07:39.

Yet today's decision will reverberate around

:07:40.:07:41.

a new generation of delivery companies, minicabs and courier

:07:42.:07:43.

firms, which use smartphones to mobilise an army

:07:44.:07:45.

They are going to need to look very carefully at the case

:07:46.:07:49.

to decide whether they can distinguish their business operating

:07:50.:07:54.

or whether it is sufficiently similar that they are now

:07:55.:07:58.

at substantial risk of having to pay the minimum wage,

:07:59.:08:00.

provide paid holiday, sick pay, and so on.

:08:01.:08:06.

So, pending the appeal, Asif should get his workers' rights

:08:07.:08:10.

because the Government has commissioned an independent review

:08:11.:08:15.

into whether employment law now needs to be updated.

:08:16.:08:20.

Dr Alex Wood is a Researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute

:08:21.:08:23.

Thank you for joining us. Picking up on what Simon was saying, how does

:08:24.:08:37.

Company mag employment in the UK compared to Uber employment around

:08:38.:08:42.

the world? Could we see this change the cause of the ruling in the

:08:43.:08:47.

United Kingdom? I think it will have any big implications because I think

:08:48.:08:51.

governments around the world are now starting to look at the reality of

:08:52.:08:59.

what is going on in the employment economy and they're thinking, can we

:09:00.:09:03.

actually regulated? Are these companies just technology companies

:09:04.:09:07.

or are they employing people in some cases? In New York recently, a

:09:08.:09:16.

report their -- a court has decided that to Uber drivers are actually

:09:17.:09:19.

employees and now we have this ruling in the UK, so the general

:09:20.:09:26.

strategy of Uber across the world is to say, we are just a technology

:09:27.:09:30.

company, we're just connecting these two entrepreneurs or these two

:09:31.:09:33.

people who want a service. It has nothing to do with us. Governments

:09:34.:09:40.

are now saying, it doesn't matter what your saying. We have to look at

:09:41.:09:46.

the reality. It's going to have a very large impact across the world.

:09:47.:09:53.

What we're talking about is indeed economy, this is what you're talking

:09:54.:09:58.

about, you're responsible for your own taxes and employment but you go

:09:59.:10:03.

to a company like Uber to get the work, so does Uber have a point in a

:10:04.:10:11.

technology company that acts as an agent? The important thing is, it's

:10:12.:10:15.

true a lot of drivers want to be self-employed because people value

:10:16.:10:19.

the autonomy that that can have, but if you're going to treat people as

:10:20.:10:23.

if they are employed in terms of bearing the risks or in terms of not

:10:24.:10:29.

getting sick pay, not being paid a minimum wage, you also have to give

:10:30.:10:33.

them the economy around other parts of their work and at the end of the

:10:34.:10:39.

day, Uber has a huge amount of control over their workers, saw the

:10:40.:10:42.

end of the drive they will be rated and if they don't get a high enough

:10:43.:10:46.

rating, they will be deactivated from the service, so effectively

:10:47.:10:51.

fired, and they can't decide that with clients. It is not then who is

:10:52.:10:57.

deciding whether they're going to pick up a client or not, it is the

:10:58.:11:02.

platform that is deciding, not then that is setting the rate, it is a

:11:03.:11:06.

platform that is setting the rate, so I think it very interesting

:11:07.:11:11.

aspect of this will be if Uber doesn't win on appeal, whether they

:11:12.:11:15.

will change their practices so that they recognise that the drivers are

:11:16.:11:20.

workers or will they continue to have a self-employed model, whereby

:11:21.:11:25.

they actually provide a lot more autonomy and control to the workers?

:11:26.:11:32.

Either way, it's a good thing. It doesn't necessarily mean that

:11:33.:11:38.

workers' status as the best but if drivers are going to be classed as

:11:39.:11:42.

self-employed, they should get the benefits that we usually think of as

:11:43.:11:45.

going with being self-employed, which is having an autonomy,

:11:46.:11:54.

deciding how and when you work. Thank you for the analysis,

:11:55.:11:55.

fascinating. The number of migrants sleeping

:11:56.:11:56.

rough on the streets of Paris has risen by at least a third

:11:57.:11:59.

since the start of the week, This coincides with the dismantling

:12:00.:12:01.

of the migrant camp at Calais. Hundreds of tents have been pitched

:12:02.:12:08.

by migrants with numbers growing It's estimated there

:12:09.:12:11.

are up to 2,500 sleeping rough in the area now,

:12:12.:12:17.

up by around 1,000 Our correspondent in Paris,

:12:18.:12:19.

Hugh Schofield, has more details. It's likely that some will be from

:12:20.:12:35.

Calais but we're getting one from officials about the increase. People

:12:36.:12:39.

are arriving in Paris from other places, crossing from Libya to

:12:40.:12:46.

Italy, coming up North for Calais. There will be some from Calais, it

:12:47.:12:49.

seems logical there will be some from Calais and also some from

:12:50.:12:53.

Calais who lived before the evacuation, which started on Monday.

:12:54.:13:00.

Paris has seen for years people living rough in the hundreds. The

:13:01.:13:11.

encampments get cleared out and people move into more proper

:13:12.:13:14.

accommodation and that is what they want now. Some of the report in the

:13:15.:13:23.

local press, some of the people who are living rough, they are hopeful

:13:24.:13:26.

of the police moving in to clear them out because of that happens,

:13:27.:13:34.

they will be put in proper buildings and get a decent night's sleep. It's

:13:35.:13:40.

not fun out there at the moment. This is a chronic problem. The

:13:41.:13:47.

numbers build-up and they move on and who knows where they end up? The

:13:48.:13:51.

Paris authorities have formulated one answer to this which is to set

:13:52.:13:56.

up a permanent base for these migrants living rough, which will be

:13:57.:14:00.

open in the next few weeks, not far from these camps, but that is a

:14:01.:14:06.

centre in a disused railway building, which will take and maybe

:14:07.:14:10.

400 people at a time, but the idea is they will be moved swiftly. But

:14:11.:14:17.

where to? That's the problem. There is a growing need across France for

:14:18.:14:25.

accommodation for the thousands of people who are living rough and need

:14:26.:14:33.

either to be processed and apply for refugee status in France or in

:14:34.:14:36.

theory are time to the countries where they crossed into you not like

:14:37.:14:39.

Italy and Greece. I think that is most unlikely to happen. Let's

:14:40.:14:47.

return to the developing story. In the last hour in New Hampshire,

:14:48.:14:51.

Donald Trump, Republican candidate for the White House, has said the

:14:52.:14:54.

political system might not be as great as I thought now the FBI has

:14:55.:15:00.

decided to investigate new e-mails found in a probe of Hillary

:15:01.:15:05.

Clinton's Private server. The BBC are following the Donald Trump

:15:06.:15:09.

campaign and a correspondent joins me now from the Donald Trump

:15:10.:15:13.

campaign. No surprise Donald Trump has been first to react to this

:15:14.:15:17.

development but his support and many Americans will support his reaction.

:15:18.:15:26.

I think it is an extraordinary twist in this extraordinary campaign. We

:15:27.:15:32.

thought Hillary Clinton and her campaign thought the e-mails were

:15:33.:15:37.

still a problem for her in this election, a political problem. They

:15:38.:15:41.

were something that was constantly return to by Republicans and Donald

:15:42.:15:46.

Trump. That was one of the major assets and that was even after the

:15:47.:15:49.

FBI has decided not to begin criminal prosecutions but the

:15:50.:16:00.

investigation is looking at new e-mails, and this is a gift to

:16:01.:16:04.

Donald Trump and his campaign. It is the best news they have had in

:16:05.:16:10.

months. At the beginning of this rally, where you can see Mr Trump is

:16:11.:16:14.

still speaking behind me, he said he was proud that the FBI had decided

:16:15.:16:18.

to reopen this. He said it was a more serious crime than Watergate.

:16:19.:16:24.

He said the system wasn't as rigged as he thought it had been because of

:16:25.:16:30.

the FBI decision. He was talking to the crowd and he said, my adviser

:16:31.:16:33.

suggested I should skip this rally because this news is so big and we

:16:34.:16:38.

should move on and prepare our responses, but I wanted to come out

:16:39.:16:42.

and talk to you and tell you all about it, so I think they will be

:16:43.:16:47.

cock-a-hoop in the Trump campaign at this news because things were

:16:48.:16:52.

slipping away. There has been catastrophe and crisis after crisis

:16:53.:16:59.

and this is explored -- extort narrowly strong political stuff, a

:17:00.:17:06.

push in the pendulum they will find very welcome very important. We are

:17:07.:17:16.

expecting some news on what Hillary Clinton's camp has said to say.

:17:17.:17:21.

We'll see if there is any response from Hillary Clinton, so stay with

:17:22.:17:22.

us for that. Russia's president Vladimir Putin

:17:23.:17:28.

has said it's not the right time to resume air strikes on the Syrian

:17:29.:17:32.

city of Aleppo. That's despite rebel groups in Syria

:17:33.:17:34.

launching a major offensive to try to break the government siege

:17:35.:17:38.

of the east of the city. Hundreds of missiles have been

:17:39.:17:41.

fired at government-held positions by rebel groups

:17:42.:17:43.

in a coordinated assault. Our Middle East correspondent

:17:44.:17:45.

Quentin Sommerville has been following events from neighbouring

:17:46.:17:47.

Lebanon and sent this report. God willing, say these

:17:48.:17:52.

rebels, we'll soon be They brought with them

:17:53.:18:01.

plenty of firepower. fired into the city's

:18:02.:18:09.

regime-controlled West. But there is something else just

:18:10.:18:16.

as powerful - a new unity. Moderate rebels and hardline

:18:17.:18:19.

Islamist working together. And here, they are using

:18:20.:18:20.

a favourite jihadist tactic. But in numbers far

:18:21.:18:23.

greater than before. More than half a dozen

:18:24.:18:26.

already today. This commander said,

:18:27.:18:34.

the criminal regime has They have committed continuous

:18:35.:18:36.

and the daily massacres. In the West, 15 people were killed

:18:37.:18:39.

and more than 100 injured. This boy says a tank

:18:40.:18:48.

shell hit the kitchen, And this woman, children

:18:49.:18:50.

were playing, the house East and West Aleppo started

:18:51.:18:53.

looking similar today. In the West, residential

:18:54.:18:58.

neighbourhoods were badly damaged. Unified, the rebels have more

:18:59.:19:05.

firepower and more ground By the afternoon, here

:19:06.:19:07.

in the Assad neighbourhood, Aleppo's fate, and that

:19:08.:19:11.

of Syria's vicious civil war For now, the rebels

:19:12.:19:19.

have the upper hand. Quentin Somerville, BBC News,

:19:20.:19:22.

Beirut. More reaction to development in

:19:23.:19:36.

Syria any moment but we have a developing story regarding the US

:19:37.:19:41.

elections. Hillary Clinton's e-mails are being investigated again by the

:19:42.:19:45.

FBI. Donald Trump has already reacted, saying he welcomes the

:19:46.:19:49.

investigation into possibly new e-mails that were sent on a Private

:19:50.:19:57.

server that may have included top-secret contents but we don't

:19:58.:20:01.

know that yet. Correspondent has called in. Kim is following the

:20:02.:20:05.

Hillary Clinton campaign. Kim, any reaction? No reaction so far. The

:20:06.:20:11.

news broke while we were on the plane. There was no Wi-Fi access to

:20:12.:20:17.

the news was delayed well we were in the air -- while. We did get a

:20:18.:20:30.

briefing from her aid -- aide. They were optimistic because things have

:20:31.:20:33.

been going their way. She is going to Arizona on Wednesday, which is a

:20:34.:20:39.

Republican state. This week has been unpredictable and this will be very

:20:40.:20:47.

unwelcome news for the campaign. You do already see our extended network

:20:48.:20:54.

of supporters reading that it is politically motivated and unusual

:20:55.:20:57.

strains that the FBI should make this announcement 11 days before the

:20:58.:21:01.

election, but this is something that the Hillary Clinton campaign will be

:21:02.:21:04.

worried about. They will have to think how they're going to address

:21:05.:21:08.

this and they must answer questions at this point from media. They

:21:09.:21:15.

didn't do so when she came off the plane but this is something

:21:16.:21:17.

essential for them to address moving forward. Thank you for the update.

:21:18.:21:22.

Kim, our correspondent travelling with Hillary Clinton, Democratic

:21:23.:21:31.

candidate for the presidency. Whoever takes the keys for the White

:21:32.:21:35.

House will have to deal with Syria next year and the latest

:21:36.:21:38.

developments that we were talking about is that rebels in Aleppo have

:21:39.:21:43.

launched a major offensive to try and break the government siege in

:21:44.:21:44.

the city. With me now is Dr Samir Puri

:21:45.:21:45.

from the War Studies department at King's College,

:21:46.:21:48.

London. Interesting, but Vladimir Putin has

:21:49.:21:56.

said it is not the right time to relaunch air strikes on Aleppo. Do

:21:57.:22:02.

you think that's got anything to do with the threat of investigations

:22:03.:22:05.

into the possible war crimes? I think it's got something to do with

:22:06.:22:10.

also the trip that the Russian naval fleet has been taking around the

:22:11.:22:16.

Mediterranean. It is possible that Putin will allow the rebels to

:22:17.:22:20.

exhaust themselves with something offensive before striking them again

:22:21.:22:23.

later in the year. That we can't tell. Reading Putin's mind was

:22:24.:22:29.

impossible. On both sides, there is the duty of care for civilians in

:22:30.:22:34.

Aleppo and there are still many of them. Absolutely, the situation in

:22:35.:22:38.

Aleppo is dire, something that has been reported for weeks and months.

:22:39.:22:42.

Bombardment, food shortages, reduction in hospital care, means

:22:43.:22:47.

that the rebels, unless they regain momentum in terms of this offensive,

:22:48.:22:49.

they will continue to be a battle. The waters around Antarctica may be

:22:50.:22:56.

icy, but they are teeming with life. This is one of the world's least

:22:57.:23:22.

disturbed stretches of ocean. Because it is so rich

:23:23.:23:25.

biologically, it is attracting The protection agreed today is seen

:23:26.:23:27.

is hugely important. In the 25 years that I've been

:23:28.:23:35.

working in polar marine biology, It is a massive decision

:23:36.:23:38.

and British Antarctic Survey are delighted that all the hard work

:23:39.:23:44.

for more than five years by 24 countries have resulted in this

:23:45.:23:47.

incredible decision. Tiny creatures known as krill

:23:48.:23:51.

are the foundation of life The aim of the new marine protected

:23:52.:23:54.

area is to safeguard There's still so much

:23:55.:23:58.

in this bizarre world that remains a mystery,

:23:59.:24:03.

even after a century of exploration. For scientists it is a huge

:24:04.:24:09.

challenge trying to understand what makes this remote

:24:10.:24:11.

and unique ecosystem tick. I once saw that for myself

:24:12.:24:13.

as I joined a team of biologists, So will the new deal

:24:14.:24:18.

protect all this? It will last 35 years,

:24:19.:24:25.

some say that is not enough. But for the campaigner,

:24:26.:24:28.

Lewis Pugh, who even swam in the Antarctic waters

:24:29.:24:30.

to highlight the issue, For me this is an issue

:24:31.:24:32.

about justice. Yes, it is about the environment,

:24:33.:24:39.

but most of all it is about justice. It is about ensuring that we look

:24:40.:24:50.

after our environment That there's justice

:24:51.:24:52.

between generations. What's remarkable about

:24:53.:24:55.

the agreement for this remotest corner of the planet

:24:56.:25:01.

is that there has been some very rare harmony

:25:02.:25:03.

between Russia and the West. Far from the disputes

:25:04.:25:07.

over Syria or Ukraine, governments have looked

:25:08.:25:09.

at Antarctica and decided that it is just too

:25:10.:25:11.

precious to put at risk. Back to a developing story, Hillary

:25:12.:25:24.

Clinton's e-mails are back under the spotlight with the FBI reopening the

:25:25.:25:27.

investigation after new e-mails surface. They are checking if any

:25:28.:25:32.

classified information was used on a private e-mail server during her

:25:33.:25:38.

time as Secretary of State. The US Speaker has said she should not

:25:39.:25:42.

receive classified briefings until the e-mail investigation is fully

:25:43.:25:46.

resolved. The FBI are saying they don't know how long that could take.

:25:47.:25:53.

Should she enter the White House in January, she could become president

:25:54.:25:57.

and still be under investigation by the FBI. Donald Trump welcomes the

:25:58.:26:00.

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