28/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Chris Rogers.


Hillary Clinton's e-mails are back under


The FBI says it will investigate after new e-mails surface


from a personal server to see if they contain classified information.


Uber is told its drivers are entitled to minimum wage rates


and holiday pay by a UK tribunal - so what does it mean


The number of migrants sleeping rough on the streets of Paris goes


up by at least a third since the start of the week -


it follows the closure of the camp in Calais.


And taking the plunge to create the world's largest marine sanctuary


The director of the FBI says the bureau is probing new e-mails


James Comey had previously said his organisation had


completed its investigations into Mrs Clinton's use


Now he says the FBI has learned of the existence of emails that may


Laura any more information on emerging about these e-mails? We're


still waiting for an update from Hillary Clinton's camp but here we


are with just 11 days to go before America goes to the polls and here


we are once again talking about Hillary Clinton's e-mail. This has


come as a Friday bombshell. It was the FBI director James Comey who


wrote a letter to members of the US Congress and said that he had


discovered there has been the discovery of new e-mails, which may


be pertinent to the investigation. Let's remind viewers, this dates


back to when Hillary Clinton was Secretary of State. When she was


sworn in in 2009, she installed a private e-mail server in her home in


New York for her and use of e-mails. She has always defended it, saying


it was simpler. She has always said that if she had her time again, she


would not use that private e-mail server. There was an investigation.


The FBI investigated whether she mishandled classified information.


They cleared her of criminal wrongdoing, but James Comey also


described her as careless for her handling of classified information.


As you can imagine, the Republican response has been very swift. The


speaker of the house, Paul Ryan, has issued a statement saying Hillary


Clinton has nobody but herself to blame. She was entrusted with some


of our nation's most important secrets as she be traded by


carelessly mishandling classified information. Donald Trump has also


responded. He's in New Hampshire. We've managed to get a clip because


this is a breaking news story. This is what Donald Trump said at a rally


in New Hampshire. Hillary Clinton's corruption is on a scale we have


never seen before. We must not let her take her criminal scheme into


the Oval Office. . I have great respect for the fact that the FBI


and the Department of Justice are now willing to have the courage to


write the horrible mistake that they made -- right. This has been going


on for ages and doesn't seem to have that Hillary Clinton much damage so


far but with 11 days to go before the Americans start voting, what


about the American people? Is this neatly to damage Hillary Clinton's


chances? This goes down to the deeper issue of trust and many


people right at the start, when this story first broke, Hillary Clinton's


poll numbers did begin to decline slightly. However, now, with 11 days


to go, remember that millions, nearly 2.5 million people are


thought to have already voted, will that trust now diminished? --


diminish. As the news is breaking, it is hard to give analysis but you


have Donald Trump and the raucous applause. It will hit and perhaps


niggle at doubts in the maze of some voters and maybe make them think


again. I think it will be some days before we know that. Meanwhile, FBI


director James Comey says he's not sure how long this investigation


will take and the State Department has issued a statement saying it


fully cooperate. -- it will fully cooperate.


In what could turn out to be a major blow to the taxi app Uber,


a tribunal here in the UK has ruled in favour of Uber drivers,


saying they should be treated as normal workers -


and given holiday pay and the minimum wage.


Uber had argued that it's just a technology company,


not a taxi provider, and that their drivers work


for themselves as self-employed people.


Uber operates in more than 70 countries worldwide.


Uber drivers, like Asif, get their jobs via the smartphone app.


They are pioneers of the digital age.


While Uber is his main source of income, he is classed


Which is why he says Uber has been denying him normal workers' rights.


I have no control of the work, I have an app.


How could I be classified as self-employed, because I don't


Uber has 40,000 drivers in Britain, but they are not employees with full


employee rights, they are self-employed,


as Uber calls them, who have to fend for themselves.


But the drivers who brought this case, say they should be workers.


Which is legally somewhere in the middle.


Entitled to rest breaks, holiday pay, and the national minimum wage.


This is the most important employment law decision


Its implications reach far, far beyond Uber and reach right out


They clarify the position and level the playing field up.


Uber is no stranger to protest, traditional taxi drivers around


the world accuse it of driving down fares and standards.


It said it would appeal and that the overwhelming majority


of drivers who use the Uber app want to keep the freedom and flexibility


of being able to drive when and where they want.


Yet today's decision will reverberate around


a new generation of delivery companies, minicabs and courier


firms, which use smartphones to mobilise an army


They are going to need to look very carefully at the case


to decide whether they can distinguish their business operating


or whether it is sufficiently similar that they are now


at substantial risk of having to pay the minimum wage,


provide paid holiday, sick pay, and so on.


So, pending the appeal, Asif should get his workers' rights


because the Government has commissioned an independent review


into whether employment law now needs to be updated.


Dr Alex Wood is a Researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute


Thank you for joining us. Picking up on what Simon was saying, how does


Company mag employment in the UK compared to Uber employment around


the world? Could we see this change the cause of the ruling in the


United Kingdom? I think it will have any big implications because I think


governments around the world are now starting to look at the reality of


what is going on in the employment economy and they're thinking, can we


actually regulated? Are these companies just technology companies


or are they employing people in some cases? In New York recently, a


report their -- a court has decided that to Uber drivers are actually


employees and now we have this ruling in the UK, so the general


strategy of Uber across the world is to say, we are just a technology


company, we're just connecting these two entrepreneurs or these two


people who want a service. It has nothing to do with us. Governments


are now saying, it doesn't matter what your saying. We have to look at


the reality. It's going to have a very large impact across the world.


What we're talking about is indeed economy, this is what you're talking


about, you're responsible for your own taxes and employment but you go


to a company like Uber to get the work, so does Uber have a point in a


technology company that acts as an agent? The important thing is, it's


true a lot of drivers want to be self-employed because people value


the autonomy that that can have, but if you're going to treat people as


if they are employed in terms of bearing the risks or in terms of not


getting sick pay, not being paid a minimum wage, you also have to give


them the economy around other parts of their work and at the end of the


day, Uber has a huge amount of control over their workers, saw the


end of the drive they will be rated and if they don't get a high enough


rating, they will be deactivated from the service, so effectively


fired, and they can't decide that with clients. It is not then who is


deciding whether they're going to pick up a client or not, it is the


platform that is deciding, not then that is setting the rate, it is a


platform that is setting the rate, so I think it very interesting


aspect of this will be if Uber doesn't win on appeal, whether they


will change their practices so that they recognise that the drivers are


workers or will they continue to have a self-employed model, whereby


they actually provide a lot more autonomy and control to the workers?


Either way, it's a good thing. It doesn't necessarily mean that


workers' status as the best but if drivers are going to be classed as


self-employed, they should get the benefits that we usually think of as


going with being self-employed, which is having an autonomy,


deciding how and when you work. Thank you for the analysis,


fascinating. The number of migrants sleeping


rough on the streets of Paris has risen by at least a third


since the start of the week, This coincides with the dismantling


of the migrant camp at Calais. Hundreds of tents have been pitched


by migrants with numbers growing It's estimated there


are up to 2,500 sleeping rough in the area now,


up by around 1,000 Our correspondent in Paris,


Hugh Schofield, has more details. It's likely that some will be from


Calais but we're getting one from officials about the increase. People


are arriving in Paris from other places, crossing from Libya to


Italy, coming up North for Calais. There will be some from Calais, it


seems logical there will be some from Calais and also some from


Calais who lived before the evacuation, which started on Monday.


Paris has seen for years people living rough in the hundreds. The


encampments get cleared out and people move into more proper


accommodation and that is what they want now. Some of the report in the


local press, some of the people who are living rough, they are hopeful


of the police moving in to clear them out because of that happens,


they will be put in proper buildings and get a decent night's sleep. It's


not fun out there at the moment. This is a chronic problem. The


numbers build-up and they move on and who knows where they end up? The


Paris authorities have formulated one answer to this which is to set


up a permanent base for these migrants living rough, which will be


open in the next few weeks, not far from these camps, but that is a


centre in a disused railway building, which will take and maybe


400 people at a time, but the idea is they will be moved swiftly. But


where to? That's the problem. There is a growing need across France for


accommodation for the thousands of people who are living rough and need


either to be processed and apply for refugee status in France or in


theory are time to the countries where they crossed into you not like


Italy and Greece. I think that is most unlikely to happen. Let's


return to the developing story. In the last hour in New Hampshire,


Donald Trump, Republican candidate for the White House, has said the


political system might not be as great as I thought now the FBI has


decided to investigate new e-mails found in a probe of Hillary


Clinton's Private server. The BBC are following the Donald Trump


campaign and a correspondent joins me now from the Donald Trump


campaign. No surprise Donald Trump has been first to react to this


development but his support and many Americans will support his reaction.


I think it is an extraordinary twist in this extraordinary campaign. We


thought Hillary Clinton and her campaign thought the e-mails were


still a problem for her in this election, a political problem. They


were something that was constantly return to by Republicans and Donald


Trump. That was one of the major assets and that was even after the


FBI has decided not to begin criminal prosecutions but the


investigation is looking at new e-mails, and this is a gift to


Donald Trump and his campaign. It is the best news they have had in


months. At the beginning of this rally, where you can see Mr Trump is


still speaking behind me, he said he was proud that the FBI had decided


to reopen this. He said it was a more serious crime than Watergate.


He said the system wasn't as rigged as he thought it had been because of


the FBI decision. He was talking to the crowd and he said, my adviser


suggested I should skip this rally because this news is so big and we


should move on and prepare our responses, but I wanted to come out


and talk to you and tell you all about it, so I think they will be


cock-a-hoop in the Trump campaign at this news because things were


slipping away. There has been catastrophe and crisis after crisis


and this is explored -- extort narrowly strong political stuff, a


push in the pendulum they will find very welcome very important. We are


expecting some news on what Hillary Clinton's camp has said to say.


We'll see if there is any response from Hillary Clinton, so stay with


us for that. Russia's president Vladimir Putin


has said it's not the right time to resume air strikes on the Syrian


city of Aleppo. That's despite rebel groups in Syria


launching a major offensive to try to break the government siege


of the east of the city. Hundreds of missiles have been


fired at government-held positions by rebel groups


in a coordinated assault. Our Middle East correspondent


Quentin Sommerville has been following events from neighbouring


Lebanon and sent this report. God willing, say these


rebels, we'll soon be They brought with them


plenty of firepower. fired into the city's


regime-controlled West. But there is something else just


as powerful - a new unity. Moderate rebels and hardline


Islamist working together. And here, they are using


a favourite jihadist tactic. But in numbers far


greater than before. More than half a dozen


already today. This commander said,


the criminal regime has They have committed continuous


and the daily massacres. In the West, 15 people were killed


and more than 100 injured. This boy says a tank


shell hit the kitchen, And this woman, children


were playing, the house East and West Aleppo started


looking similar today. In the West, residential


neighbourhoods were badly damaged. Unified, the rebels have more


firepower and more ground By the afternoon, here


in the Assad neighbourhood, Aleppo's fate, and that


of Syria's vicious civil war For now, the rebels


have the upper hand. Quentin Somerville, BBC News,


Beirut. More reaction to development in


Syria any moment but we have a developing story regarding the US


elections. Hillary Clinton's e-mails are being investigated again by the


FBI. Donald Trump has already reacted, saying he welcomes the


investigation into possibly new e-mails that were sent on a Private


server that may have included top-secret contents but we don't


know that yet. Correspondent has called in. Kim is following the


Hillary Clinton campaign. Kim, any reaction? No reaction so far. The


news broke while we were on the plane. There was no Wi-Fi access to


the news was delayed well we were in the air -- while. We did get a


briefing from her aid -- aide. They were optimistic because things have


been going their way. She is going to Arizona on Wednesday, which is a


Republican state. This week has been unpredictable and this will be very


unwelcome news for the campaign. You do already see our extended network


of supporters reading that it is politically motivated and unusual


strains that the FBI should make this announcement 11 days before the


election, but this is something that the Hillary Clinton campaign will be


worried about. They will have to think how they're going to address


this and they must answer questions at this point from media. They


didn't do so when she came off the plane but this is something


essential for them to address moving forward. Thank you for the update.


Kim, our correspondent travelling with Hillary Clinton, Democratic


candidate for the presidency. Whoever takes the keys for the White


House will have to deal with Syria next year and the latest


developments that we were talking about is that rebels in Aleppo have


launched a major offensive to try and break the government siege in


the city. With me now is Dr Samir Puri


from the War Studies department at King's College,


London. Interesting, but Vladimir Putin has


said it is not the right time to relaunch air strikes on Aleppo. Do


you think that's got anything to do with the threat of investigations


into the possible war crimes? I think it's got something to do with


also the trip that the Russian naval fleet has been taking around the


Mediterranean. It is possible that Putin will allow the rebels to


exhaust themselves with something offensive before striking them again


later in the year. That we can't tell. Reading Putin's mind was


impossible. On both sides, there is the duty of care for civilians in


Aleppo and there are still many of them. Absolutely, the situation in


Aleppo is dire, something that has been reported for weeks and months.


Bombardment, food shortages, reduction in hospital care, means


that the rebels, unless they regain momentum in terms of this offensive,


they will continue to be a battle. The waters around Antarctica may be


icy, but they are teeming with life. This is one of the world's least


disturbed stretches of ocean. Because it is so rich


biologically, it is attracting The protection agreed today is seen


is hugely important. In the 25 years that I've been


working in polar marine biology, It is a massive decision


and British Antarctic Survey are delighted that all the hard work


for more than five years by 24 countries have resulted in this


incredible decision. Tiny creatures known as krill


are the foundation of life The aim of the new marine protected


area is to safeguard There's still so much


in this bizarre world that remains a mystery,


even after a century of exploration. For scientists it is a huge


challenge trying to understand what makes this remote


and unique ecosystem tick. I once saw that for myself


as I joined a team of biologists, So will the new deal


protect all this? It will last 35 years,


some say that is not enough. But for the campaigner,


Lewis Pugh, who even swam in the Antarctic waters


to highlight the issue, For me this is an issue


about justice. Yes, it is about the environment,


but most of all it is about justice. It is about ensuring that we look


after our environment That there's justice


between generations. What's remarkable about


the agreement for this remotest corner of the planet


is that there has been some very rare harmony


between Russia and the West. Far from the disputes


over Syria or Ukraine, governments have looked


at Antarctica and decided that it is just too


precious to put at risk. Back to a developing story, Hillary


Clinton's e-mails are back under the spotlight with the FBI reopening the


investigation after new e-mails surface. They are checking if any


classified information was used on a private e-mail server during her


time as Secretary of State. The US Speaker has said she should not


receive classified briefings until the e-mail investigation is fully


resolved. The FBI are saying they don't know how long that could take.


Should she enter the White House in January, she could become president


and still be under investigation by the FBI. Donald Trump welcomes the


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