28/10/2016 World News Today


28/10/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Chris Rogers.

:00:09.:00:10.

Hillary Clinton's e-mails are back under

:00:11.:00:14.

The FBI says it will investigate after new e-mails surface

:00:15.:00:19.

from a personal server to see if they contain classified information.

:00:20.:00:27.

It is being reported the devices were belonging to an assistant.

:00:28.:00:38.

Uber is told its drivers are entitled to minimum wage rates

:00:39.:00:41.

and holiday pay by a UK tribunal - so what does it mean

:00:42.:00:44.

And taking the plunge to create the world's largest marine sanctuary

:00:45.:00:48.

The director of the FBI says the bureau is probing new e-mails

:00:49.:01:09.

James Comey had previously said his organisation had

:01:10.:01:15.

completed its investigations into Mrs Clinton's use

:01:16.:01:17.

Now he says the FBI has learned of the existence of emails that may

:01:18.:01:25.

Our correspondent is that Hillary Clinton's rally in Ireland tonight.

:01:26.:01:42.

Not much talk from Hillary Clinton tonight. The details are quite

:01:43.:01:52.

vague. She was here a few moments ago at

:01:53.:01:57.

this rally. You can see this stage behind me in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The

:01:58.:02:06.

news about this FBI move on e-mails broke while we were on the plane

:02:07.:02:12.

heading over here. It caught everyone, probably including her

:02:13.:02:16.

campaign and Hillary Clinton herself, off-guard because we did

:02:17.:02:20.

not have been to net access at the time on the plane. This is an

:02:21.:02:28.

interesting situation for the campaign just 11 days before

:02:29.:02:33.

election day. The wording of the FBI director's statement on this is feed

:02:34.:02:39.

as you have mentioned. He is referring to e-mails that are

:02:40.:02:43.

pertinent to the investigation which they had closed into Hillary

:02:44.:02:47.

Clinton's e-mail server. E-mails that were found probably on the

:02:48.:02:59.

e-mail of one of Hillary Clinton's AIDS or her husband. -- aides or

:03:00.:03:16.

that of her husband. We have had a reaction from the Hillary Clinton

:03:17.:03:23.

campaign are seeing his extraordinary to see something like

:03:24.:03:28.

this 11 days out from a presidential election, the FBI should provide

:03:29.:03:31.

more information immediately because the characterisation that is being

:03:32.:03:37.

discussed in the media and by Republicans is not the right one, is

:03:38.:03:45.

not the one that matches FBI director's words. The statement goes

:03:46.:03:49.

on to say the director owes it to the American people immediately to

:03:50.:03:54.

provide full details. It seems clear from the statement from the campaign

:03:55.:03:57.

that Hillary Clinton and those around her feel that this is a

:03:58.:04:02.

reaction by the FBI director to what was seen as a chilling by

:04:03.:04:11.

Republicans pushing the FBI to see more and questioning his conclusion

:04:12.:04:16.

that there was no indictments to be put out, that Hillary Clinton was

:04:17.:04:20.

indeed exonerated of any charges, there would be no charges pressed

:04:21.:04:23.

against her, that she had been careless. We have seen repeatedly

:04:24.:04:30.

over weeks and months Republicans pushing back against that conclusion

:04:31.:04:36.

that the FBI had come to in June. Many thanks for that update.

:04:37.:04:43.

No word from the Hillary Clinton camp so far. C more about what the

:04:44.:04:48.

FBI has had to say. Our correspondent is outside their

:04:49.:04:54.

headquarters in Washington. It could be nothing. It could be

:04:55.:04:58.

everything but it does seem we are not going to know until after

:04:59.:05:03.

Americans go to the polls. One of the things they are trying to

:05:04.:05:08.

do, especially Democrats right now, is urged the FBI to come forward

:05:09.:05:13.

with more information. What we understand so far is the vague

:05:14.:05:21.

letter the FBI director wrote to members of the US Congress talked

:05:22.:05:28.

about e-mails that may be pertinent to the investigation and that there

:05:29.:05:31.

would be an investigation into whether or not deal was significant.

:05:32.:05:35.

Since then in the last hour there have been a few leaks from US

:05:36.:05:39.

officials. What they seem to be saying is that these latest e-mails

:05:40.:05:43.

have come to light during a separate investigation into the husband of

:05:44.:05:48.

the top Clinton aide. Devices belonging to her and her husband

:05:49.:05:57.

were seized as part of an FBI inquiry into whether he sent

:05:58.:06:01.

sexually explicit e-mails to a 15-year-old girl in North Carolina.

:06:02.:06:05.

The FBI chief city could not assess whether or not this material was

:06:06.:06:09.

significant and he could not predict how long it would take to complete

:06:10.:06:13.

the additional work. After the initial furore where people were

:06:14.:06:19.

running around going, what is the scheme, is it related to a Hillary

:06:20.:06:24.

Clinton server, will damage the Hillary Clinton campaign, what we

:06:25.:06:27.

have since found out is that this set of e-mails did not come from

:06:28.:06:31.

Hillary Clinton's server, it appears to come from those of her top aide,

:06:32.:06:36.

and that is what is under investigation. But as you heard from

:06:37.:06:46.

the previous correspondent there Hillary campaign is urging the FBI

:06:47.:06:51.

to give more information to clear up any speculation because right now it

:06:52.:06:57.

is quite opaque, quite vague, and will continue and the run-up to the

:06:58.:07:02.

election. With just 11 days to go all how much

:07:03.:07:06.

damage could do to Hillary Clinton's campaign?

:07:07.:07:12.

The real issue comes down to one of trust. There is two ways of looking

:07:13.:07:15.

at this. If you are going to vote for Hillary Clinton you are still

:07:16.:07:18.

going to vote for Hillary Clinton, if you are going to vote for Donald

:07:19.:07:21.

Trump your stubble to vote for Donald Trump. What it comes down to

:07:22.:07:27.

either number of undecided voters in battle ground States, people who

:07:28.:07:30.

were perhaps swivelling. It may not mean people will vote for Donald

:07:31.:07:35.

Trump, but it Menini do not vote at all until it comes to the Democratic

:07:36.:07:40.

base and getting that these out what you have seen in the last few weeks,

:07:41.:07:52.

using popularity to push, millennial s, young people, the idea is to get

:07:53.:07:58.

there this out. If that base starts to lose enthusiasm for their

:07:59.:08:00.

candidate because of something like this that is where they may get some

:08:01.:08:06.

trouble. Hillary Clinton with light a decisive victory against Donald

:08:07.:08:09.

Trump and although the polls are different and sure she is ahead,

:08:10.:08:14.

that can all change very quickly. Yes, they were in a buoyant mood on

:08:15.:08:20.

the way to Iowa. I would imagine they will be sitting and is poll

:08:21.:08:23.

after poll over the next few days. I mentioned the worst trust. During

:08:24.:08:30.

the initial primary in Iowa I remember one poll suggested that her

:08:31.:08:36.

trust rating was in single digits. She has worked very hard to try to

:08:37.:08:40.

be game that. Something like this could slowly disintegrate that trust

:08:41.:08:44.

in the run-up to the next 11 days. Thank you.

:08:45.:08:53.

Hillary Clinton did not mention anything about this latest news

:08:54.:08:59.

during her rally in Iowa but her rival certainly did. This is what

:09:00.:09:03.

Donald Trump had to say at his rally in New Hampshire. Hillary Clinton's

:09:04.:09:10.

corruption is on a scale we have never seen before. We must not let

:09:11.:09:19.

her take her criminal scheme into the Oval Office. I have great

:09:20.:09:30.

respect for the fact that the FBI and Department of Justice are now

:09:31.:09:35.

willing to have the carriage to right the horrible mistake that they

:09:36.:09:44.

made. Donald Trump speaking in New Hampshire a couple of hours ago. Our

:09:45.:09:49.

correspondent is that Donald Trump as Matt rally. Earlier he said there

:09:50.:09:52.

could hardly have been better news for the Republican candidate.

:09:53.:10:03.

When he came out to speak just before, the delight was palpable.

:10:04.:10:11.

This was a gift to the Donald Trump campaigned that they could not have

:10:12.:10:14.

imagined they would get in the final ten days of the campaign. Frankly

:10:15.:10:19.

they saw this election slipping away from them. It still may well slip

:10:20.:10:23.

away from them but this gives them some kind of lifeline because what

:10:24.:10:28.

the FBI are saying is that there are a batch of new e-mails that are

:10:29.:10:32.

pertinent to their investigation. The previous and that they had

:10:33.:10:37.

opened and closed by pressing any charges. But of course they said at

:10:38.:10:40.

the time that Hillary Clinton and her team had been extremely careless

:10:41.:10:47.

with classified information. The question will be, what are these

:10:48.:10:51.

e-mails, who added to or from, what do they contain, and what is it that

:10:52.:10:55.

is concerning the FBI about them that makes them want to have a look

:10:56.:10:59.

and let Congress nor they are having a look? Crucially, how long will

:11:00.:11:06.

this process take? Frankly the idea of a presidential candidate on

:11:07.:11:11.

polling day, and of course we have got early voting across the country

:11:12.:11:17.

going on also, but on polling day, a presidential candidate under the

:11:18.:11:22.

shadow of the current FBI investigation, that is

:11:23.:11:25.

unprecedented. This is a very serious day for the Hillary Clinton

:11:26.:11:28.

campaign, it is the best David Donald Trump campaign has had in

:11:29.:11:32.

months quite frankly. And we see yet another amazing turn and twist and

:11:33.:11:37.

what is already an extraordinary election campaign.

:11:38.:11:43.

The New York Times seems to know more than anyone about this. We are

:11:44.:11:49.

now joined by the London bureau chief of the New York Times. Thank

:11:50.:11:55.

you for joining us. Can you perhaps enlighten us and we can also that

:11:56.:11:58.

some of the lines of tapping coming from your paper in the last couple

:11:59.:12:02.

of hours and it where these e-mails are perhaps linked to the last

:12:03.:12:06.

inquiry into Hillary Clinton, and what we know so far as to we broke

:12:07.:12:13.

the e-mail story to begin with that shocked the Hillary Clinton

:12:14.:12:17.

campaign. The FBI never exactly close the investigation. They just

:12:18.:12:20.

said they had found no reason for conviction. But Hillary Clinton's

:12:21.:12:28.

closest aide, and who has been married to Anthony Weiner.

:12:29.:13:06.

Maybe these are the same e-mails they have already seen but it is...

:13:07.:13:19.

The FBI has felt they have not been dealt with very openly by the

:13:20.:13:25.

Clinton people. There is a degree of resentment inside the FBI and a

:13:26.:13:30.

feeling that they had to take the investigation whenever it goes.

:13:31.:13:34.

Having been charged by congressional committees to look into the e-mail

:13:35.:13:40.

business they felt it necessary to inform the committee that suddenly

:13:41.:13:44.

they had many more e-mails to look at that might be pertinent. That

:13:45.:13:51.

seems to be pertinent. If they come from Huma Abedin iPhone and her

:13:52.:13:58.

husband, it is possible that classified information was passed

:13:59.:14:01.

between them as husband and wife which could get everyone into

:14:02.:14:05.

trouble or that there is stuff on her devices that were no longer on

:14:06.:14:09.

the Clinton server. We do not know any of this but this is where the

:14:10.:14:17.

investigation seems to be headed according to the information we have

:14:18.:14:20.

been discovering in the last few hours. As I was saying to one of our

:14:21.:14:24.

correspondence earlier it could be everything, it could be absolutely

:14:25.:14:29.

nothing. Should be read into the fact that this has been announced by

:14:30.:14:35.

the FBI with just 11 days to go, the Republican Speaker of the House

:14:36.:14:43.

saying they would not do this unless it was important. The FBI felt it

:14:44.:14:47.

was important for their own integrity to tell Congress that they

:14:48.:14:51.

had discovered these e-mails and that these e-mails could be

:14:52.:14:55.

pertinent. They have been careful legally not to say too much. The

:14:56.:15:01.

problem is because it is also particle and the political

:15:02.:15:03.

importance of this may far I'd the legal importance, I think whatever

:15:04.:15:09.

happens in the election there will be a good look at what the FBI did

:15:10.:15:14.

and when if the it and why it did that afterwards, because the FBI

:15:15.:15:22.

will see it is only being its own devotion to the law and its

:15:23.:15:29.

integrity towards Congress, but of course many Democrats will say that

:15:30.:15:36.

the FBI's anger at Mrs Clinton has led to it retaliating. This has not

:15:37.:15:46.

apparently come from Wikileaks or from Russian hacks, it seems to have

:15:47.:15:55.

come from Clinton's closest aide. That was from the head of the London

:15:56.:16:01.

bureau for the New York Times. Still to come, the worldlargest marine

:16:02.:16:09.

sanctuary will be treated in Antarctica. More in a moment.

:16:10.:16:22.

Only yesterday she had spoken of dying in the service of her country

:16:23.:16:33.

and said she would be proud to. These two countries have concluded a

:16:34.:16:37.

chapter of history. No more suspicion. No more fear. No more

:16:38.:16:42.

uncertainty of what each they might bring. This is beautiful.

:16:43.:17:06.

A milestone in human history. Born today this girl in India is the

:17:07.:17:12.

7,000,000,000th person on the planet. Here are the latest

:17:13.:17:23.

headlines. The FBI says it will investigate after new e-mails

:17:24.:17:27.

surface from a personal server to see if they contain classified

:17:28.:17:31.

information. It has been reported the e-mails were discovered on

:17:32.:17:35.

devices belonging to Hillary Clinton's aide Huma Abedin and

:17:36.:17:39.

husband Anthony Weiner. In what could turn out to be a major

:17:40.:17:46.

blow to the taxi app Uber, a tribunal here in the UK has ruled

:17:47.:17:50.

in favour of Uber drivers, saying they should be

:17:51.:17:53.

treated as normal workers - and given holiday pay

:17:54.:17:55.

and the minimum wage. Uber had argued that it's just

:17:56.:17:57.

a technology company, not a taxi provider,

:17:58.:17:59.

and that their drivers work for themselves as

:18:00.:18:01.

self-employed people. Uber operates in more than 70

:18:02.:18:02.

countries worldwide. Uber drivers, like Asif, get their

:18:03.:18:04.

jobs via the smartphone app. They are pioneers

:18:05.:18:11.

of the digital age. While Uber is his main source

:18:12.:18:15.

of income, he is classed Which is why he says Uber has been

:18:16.:18:18.

denying him normal workers' rights. I have no control of

:18:19.:18:24.

the work, I have an app. How could I be classified

:18:25.:18:28.

as self-employed, because I don't Uber has 40,000 drivers in Britain,

:18:29.:18:41.

but they are not employees with full employee rights,

:18:42.:18:49.

they are self-employed, as Uber calls them, who have

:18:50.:18:52.

to fend for themselves. But the drivers who brought this

:18:53.:18:59.

case, say they should be workers. Which is legally

:19:00.:19:02.

somewhere in the middle. Entitled to rest breaks, holiday

:19:03.:19:06.

pay, and the national minimum wage. Today a tribunal decided the drivers

:19:07.:19:23.

and the union behind them were right.

:19:24.:19:24.

This is the most important employment law decision

:19:25.:19:26.

Its implications reach far, far beyond Uber and reach right out

:19:27.:19:30.

They clarify the position and level the playing field up.

:19:31.:19:34.

Uber is no stranger to protest, traditional taxi drivers around

:19:35.:19:40.

the world accuse it of driving down fares and standards.

:19:41.:19:43.

It said it would appeal and that the overwhelming majority

:19:44.:19:48.

of drivers who use the Uber app want to keep the freedom

:19:49.:19:51.

and flexibility of being able to drive when and where they want.

:19:52.:19:54.

Yet today's decision will reverberate around

:19:55.:20:01.

a new generation of delivery companies, minicabs and courier

:20:02.:20:03.

firms, which use smartphones to mobilise an army

:20:04.:20:05.

They are going to need to look very carefully at the case

:20:06.:20:13.

to decide whether they can distinguish their business operating

:20:14.:20:15.

model from Uber's or whether it is sufficiently

:20:16.:20:17.

similar that they are now at substantial risk of having

:20:18.:20:20.

to pay the minimum wage, provide paid holiday,

:20:21.:20:21.

So, pending the appeal, Asif should get his workers' rights

:20:22.:20:29.

and the rules could change anyway, because the Government has

:20:30.:20:32.

commissioned an independent review into whether employment law now

:20:33.:20:34.

The United Nations says there is credible evidence that Islamic State

:20:35.:21:07.

is abducting Iraqis to use as human shields.

:21:08.:21:15.

Syrian rebel forces have began the offensive. The Russian President has

:21:16.:21:22.

turned down in a quest to use it attracts. A bus driver has been

:21:23.:21:30.

burnt alive in Brisbane in Australia. A final object was thrown

:21:31.:21:36.

at them. Several of his passengers suffered injuries. A 40-year-old man

:21:37.:21:40.

has been arrested. Terrorism has been ruled out. The leaders of an

:21:41.:21:45.

armed militia that took over a wildlife refuge in Oregon have been

:21:46.:21:52.

acquitted of firearms offences. They occupied the bird sanctuary for

:21:53.:21:55.

several weeks accusing the US Government of unlawful interference

:21:56.:22:00.

into the fears of ranchers. One of the protesters was shot dead when

:22:01.:22:02.

the FBI arrested leaders. The world's largest marine sanctuary

:22:03.:22:18.

is being created. It will be administered by New Zealand and the

:22:19.:22:21.

United States. The waters around Antarctica may be

:22:22.:22:23.

icy, but they are teeming with life. This is one of the world's least

:22:24.:22:30.

disturbed stretches of ocean. Because it is so rich

:22:31.:22:34.

biologically, it is attracting The protection agreed today is seen

:22:35.:22:36.

is hugely important. In the 25 years that I've been

:22:37.:22:42.

working in polar marine biology, It is a massive decision

:22:43.:22:46.

and British Antarctic Survey are delighted that all the hard work

:22:47.:22:54.

for more than five years by 24 countries have resulted in this

:22:55.:22:58.

incredible decision. Tiny creatures known as krill

:22:59.:23:03.

are the foundation of life The aim of the new marine protected

:23:04.:23:05.

area is to safeguard There's still so much

:23:06.:23:09.

in this bizarre world that remains a mystery,

:23:10.:23:14.

even after a century of exploration. For scientists it is a huge

:23:15.:23:18.

challenge trying to understand what makes this remote

:23:19.:23:21.

and unique ecosystem tick. I once saw that for myself

:23:22.:23:27.

as I joined a team of biologists, So will the new deal

:23:28.:23:30.

protect all this? It will last 35 years,

:23:31.:23:34.

some say that is not enough. But for the campaigner,

:23:35.:23:39.

Lewis Pugh, who even swam in the Antarctic waters

:23:40.:23:43.

to highlight the issue, For me this is an issue

:23:44.:23:45.

about justice. Yes, it is about the environment,

:23:46.:23:49.

but most of all it is about justice. It is about ensuring that we look

:23:50.:23:55.

after our environment That there's justice

:23:56.:23:58.

between generations. What's remarkable about

:23:59.:24:06.

the agreement for this remotest corner of the planet

:24:07.:24:08.

is that there has been some very rare harmony

:24:09.:24:10.

between Russia and the West. Far from the disputes

:24:11.:24:13.

over Syria or Ukraine, governments have looked

:24:14.:24:16.

at Antarctica and decided that it is just too

:24:17.:24:19.

precious to put at risk. Scientists have confirmed that what

:24:20.:24:37.

looked like a brown pebble found ten years ago is the first example of a

:24:38.:24:42.

petrified dinosaur brain. He litters. It is remarkably well

:24:43.:24:46.

preserved. The dinosaur's head became buried in a acidic body of

:24:47.:24:54.

water such as a swamp when it died. It came from a large plant eating

:24:55.:24:59.

animal and it dates from more than 130 million years ago. If you can

:25:00.:25:06.

guess what the name of the dinosaur is, and is on a postcard. The big

:25:07.:25:12.

story tonight on BBC News, 11 days before the presidential election in

:25:13.:25:16.

United States the FBI has announced it is reopening an investigation

:25:17.:25:20.

into Hillary Clinton's e-mails. The bugle has said that it has

:25:21.:25:25.

discovered new e-mails but so far there is nothing that shows any

:25:26.:25:33.

classified information. The FBI had previously cleared Hillary Clinton

:25:34.:25:39.

of criminal wrongdoing. Donald Trump praised the FBI for reopening the

:25:40.:25:44.

inquiry telling supporters the American people must not let Hillary

:25:45.:25:47.

Clinton take what he called her criminal scheme to the White House.

:25:48.:25:52.

It has been reported the e-mails were discovered in devices belonging

:25:53.:26:04.

to and aide of Hillary Clinton, Huma Abedin, who was married to Anthony

:26:05.:26:06.

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