30/10/2016 World News Today


30/10/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 30/10/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

Italy is hit by its most violent earthquake in almost 40 years.

:00:08.:00:17.

Buildings have collapsed but there are no reports of deaths.

:00:18.:00:20.

As large numbers of people prepare to spend the night outside.

:00:21.:00:31.

The tremor causes fresh damage in Amatrice, where nearly 300 people

:00:32.:00:34.

After weeks of uncertainty, the European Union and Canada

:00:35.:00:37.

finally sign that landmark trade deal.

:00:38.:00:41.

The alternative to free trade is isolationism and protectionism. A

:00:42.:00:50.

return to nationalism, and as a result, the threat of violent

:00:51.:00:51.

conflict. On the campaign trail,

:00:52.:00:54.

Hillary Clinton demands to know why the FBI launched a fresh

:00:55.:00:56.

investigation into her emails, And we'll bring you what happened

:00:57.:00:58.

when a young man sneaked For the fourth time in three months,

:00:59.:01:02.

a major earthquake has This one is the most powerful

:01:03.:01:25.

the country has seen It struck near to the region

:01:26.:01:39.

where nearly 300 people The 6.6 earthquake happened

:01:40.:01:42.

northeast of the capital Rome. Striking near to the town of Norcia

:01:43.:01:45.

in the south east of the country. Whese are the pictures coming out

:01:46.:01:49.

of the affected area - this is the town of Talentino -

:01:50.:01:51.

and as you can see many buildings It appears at this early stage

:01:52.:01:55.

that nobody has died. Emergency teams are trying

:01:56.:01:58.

to reach people trapped Our correspondent James Reynolds

:01:59.:02:00.

has been to Norcia At 7:40 this morning central

:02:01.:02:05.

Italy had its fourth The Church of St Benedict

:02:06.:02:08.

in the nearby town of Norcia In this region, you need to know how

:02:09.:02:19.

to get away quickly. In the hours after this morning's

:02:20.:02:30.

quake, the ground continued to move. There was just an

:02:31.:02:37.

after-shock just now. Some stones from this ancient

:02:38.:02:41.

entranceway fell down. You can see there is still a sense

:02:42.:02:43.

from people here that the earthquakes, the after-shocks,

:02:44.:02:46.

have not yet finished. That this is, at the moment,

:02:47.:02:49.

not a safe place for people to live. You just saw what happened,

:02:50.:02:54.

the after-shock. We're trying to find our things,

:02:55.:03:02.

and then we'll go. For now, a park bench may be

:03:03.:03:06.

the safest place. Since the first quake in August,

:03:07.:03:10.

many have decided to stay outside. Stefano Boldrini and his

:03:11.:03:14.

eight-year-old daughter, I asked if they would

:03:15.:03:17.

remain in Norcia. There is no more school,

:03:18.:03:22.

or church, or police station. Italian officials in Norcia have set

:03:23.:03:30.

up an emergency headquarters. The after-shocks have now become

:03:31.:03:38.

so common that no one Here, the computer equipment shakes,

:03:39.:03:41.

but registration carries on. And this town will help its dazed

:03:42.:03:48.

residents move from No-one is sure when the next

:03:49.:03:51.

quake will come. So why is this region experiencing

:03:52.:03:56.

so many earthquakes? Well, to answer that question, I've

:03:57.:04:07.

been speaking to Dr Carmine Galasso. He is an Italian himself and

:04:08.:04:10.

lecturer in Earthquake Engineering. He spoke to me in the studio

:04:11.:04:12.

earlier. Well, it's definitely, this one,

:04:13.:04:15.

today's one, is the largest. The ones that started

:04:16.:04:18.

on the 24th of August. With a 6.2 magnitude that

:04:19.:04:20.

completely destroyed Amatrice. So there was one 5 days ago,

:04:21.:04:29.

on the 26th of October, a 6.1, This one was 6.6,

:04:30.:04:33.

the largest in this sequence. For sure, they are related

:04:34.:04:36.

to each other. There is a relationship but it's

:04:37.:04:38.

still very difficult to understand. We would conventionally say

:04:39.:04:49.

that the largest one is a main shaft We would conventionally say

:04:50.:04:54.

that the largest one is a main shock Until yesterday, until the 26th,

:04:55.:04:57.

this was a sequence of after-shocks, but now with today's event,

:04:58.:05:01.

it's definitely a new one. What can happen is because of one

:05:02.:05:03.

event, there is what we call in our field stress transfer,

:05:04.:05:06.

a transfer of energy And then, for example this recent

:05:07.:05:08.

event, today's event, is probably generated by the rupture

:05:09.:05:12.

of another fault segment. It's related to the previous one,

:05:13.:05:14.

but it broke a new fault segment That suggests there are more

:05:15.:05:17.

earthquakes that are going to happen What is the advice for

:05:18.:05:21.

people living there? Well, definitely there will be

:05:22.:05:32.

after-shocks for days, probably for weeks, probably

:05:33.:05:34.

for months, because usually given such a big

:05:35.:05:36.

main shock there will definitely We expect the event

:05:37.:05:38.

in the following days will be of lower magnitude but we cannot say

:05:39.:05:46.

with certainty, so it's always We can say there is a very low

:05:47.:05:49.

probability of larger magnitude events, but definitely there will be

:05:50.:06:00.

a series of after-shocks So the good thing is that

:06:01.:06:03.

after the events on the 26th, people evacuated, so that's why

:06:04.:06:06.

there were no casualties today. So some people are not living

:06:07.:06:10.

in buildings that are already strongly damaged by the previous

:06:11.:06:12.

events in the last few days. Reconstruction will take some time

:06:13.:06:16.

and we are still in the full What's your take on the

:06:17.:06:24.

buildings in these areas? They are beautiful and historical,

:06:25.:06:31.

but they also can't just be torn Italy has a very advanced

:06:32.:06:33.

state-of-the-art building code, but this applies

:06:34.:06:44.

to the new buildings. As you are saying, in this

:06:45.:06:51.

area they are mainly historical buildings,

:06:52.:06:54.

and therefore they have been built several hundred years ago

:06:55.:06:56.

without consideration What you can do are new techniques,

:06:57.:06:57.

for example composite materials that have traditionally been used

:06:58.:07:04.

in aerospace or They can now be used in civil

:07:05.:07:06.

engineering for buildings. You can literally do wrapping

:07:07.:07:09.

of columns with carbon fibre, for example, which is very

:07:10.:07:11.

advanced, very strong It's always difficult to say,

:07:12.:07:13.

especially for historical buildings when you also want be

:07:14.:07:23.

careful not to be invasive, because you want to keep the beauty

:07:24.:07:26.

of the buildings that are particularly important

:07:27.:07:28.

for tourism, and its main driver The EU and Canada have

:07:29.:07:37.

signed their delayed free trade deal, held up last week

:07:38.:07:45.

because of objections The pact will remove 99% of tariffs

:07:46.:07:47.

and is expected to generate up Damian Grammaticas reports from

:07:48.:07:55.

Brussels. As the UK prepares to leave,

:07:56.:07:58.

Canada has arrived. Look at the force in the hug,

:07:59.:08:03.

a leader who is embracing the EU. You'd never have thought trade

:08:04.:08:09.

could be so emotional. "Difficult things are

:08:10.:08:21.

difficult, but we made it". So, are there any

:08:22.:08:27.

implications for Brexit? Does this set the standards

:08:28.:08:29.

for a Brexit deal? I don't see any relation

:08:30.:08:33.

between what we are signing today Outside the summit venue today,

:08:34.:08:35.

protesters determined, even at this stage, to stop

:08:36.:08:46.

the EU-Canada agreement. They fear it gives big business too

:08:47.:08:52.

much power - public feeling that And that's despite the fact EU

:08:53.:08:56.

leaders described it as the least controversial imaginable,

:08:57.:09:04.

one that should bring economic growth and jobs to benefit

:09:05.:09:09.

half a billion people. Justin Trudeau certainly

:09:10.:09:11.

seemed pleased. That leadership that we were able

:09:12.:09:15.

to show is not just something that will reassure our own citizens,

:09:16.:09:19.

but should be an example to the world of how we can move

:09:20.:09:21.

forward on trade deals that do But even for the best of friends,

:09:22.:09:25.

this took patience to achieve. That is why it so obviously

:09:26.:09:35.

means so much to them. The biggest takeaway for Brexit

:09:36.:09:38.

from this deal, even with good will on all sides,

:09:39.:09:41.

it took seven years for the EU Damian Grammaticas,

:09:42.:09:44.

BBC News, Brussels. Does this deal between the EU and

:09:45.:10:02.

Canada give hope to the UK after it leaves the EU?

:10:03.:10:04.

Earlier I spoke with Sir Andrew Cahn, who used to head UK

:10:05.:10:07.

Hopeful signs from the agreement of this deal, firstly that the EU

:10:08.:10:13.

actually can get its act together and agree something.

:10:14.:10:15.

It has taken seven years, and it's still not finally finalised.

:10:16.:10:21.

The national parliaments have to approve it.

:10:22.:10:25.

But what we have seen is that the EU, at the end of the

:10:26.:10:28.

The second thing is that the EU wants liberalising deals and that's

:10:29.:10:35.

something which is mutually beneficial that can be agreed.

:10:36.:10:42.

Those are the hopeful signs, but do remember that an EU-UK deal

:10:43.:10:47.

would be enormously more concentrated than this EU- Canada

:10:48.:10:49.

And it's not just about liberalising, it's about reducing

:10:50.:11:00.

free trade and free movement and so on.

:11:01.:11:02.

Canada started from a position of saying, let's liberalise.

:11:03.:11:05.

The UK is starting from a position of saying, we want to introduce

:11:06.:11:08.

new limits, new controls, new regulations.

:11:09.:11:10.

We don't want the freedoms we currently have, we want fewer.

:11:11.:11:17.

respond to Britain's position that it wants to control freedom

:11:18.:11:20.

How do you think the EU will respond to that,

:11:21.:11:22.

respond to Britain's position that it wants to control freedom

:11:23.:11:25.

of movement whilst having tariff free access to the EU market?

:11:26.:11:29.

Well, I'm not sure that tariffs are going to be

:11:30.:11:31.

Tariffs are pretty low all the way round.

:11:32.:11:35.

Much more are things like mutual recognition of qualifications.

:11:36.:11:38.

Services, service provision, financial services, the protections

:11:39.:11:41.

for the City of London and the ability of the City

:11:42.:11:45.

of London to trade and provide banking services in Europe.

:11:46.:11:51.

Those are the sorts of things we are going to be talking about.

:11:52.:11:54.

I think the European side, at least initially, is going to say,

:11:55.:12:01.

well if you don't want free movement of our people, if you don't

:12:02.:12:04.

want to be a member of the club, we want to give you a less good deal

:12:05.:12:08.

They are bound to say that, they have to say that.

:12:09.:12:12.

And what about the fact that there was goodwill on both

:12:13.:12:15.

sides when it came to the EU and Canada but it

:12:16.:12:17.

This isn't going to be a short process, is it, for Britain?

:12:18.:12:23.

Well, absolutely, it's going to take a long time.

:12:24.:12:25.

Those people who say we can do a free-trade agreement

:12:26.:12:28.

between the UK and the EU in just a few months or even

:12:29.:12:33.

within two years, I think are overoptimistic, let's say.

:12:34.:12:38.

The Canada deal took seven years and it's still not finalised.

:12:39.:12:44.

It will be but still hasn't been completely finalised.

:12:45.:12:48.

I think if we can do a deal, a permanent free-trade arrangement

:12:49.:12:51.

between the EU and the UK in three or four years,

:12:52.:12:54.

So we are going to have to have transitional arrangements

:12:55.:13:08.

of the two-year period once the Article 50

:13:09.:13:09.

We are going to have to have some arrangement

:13:10.:13:13.

which says, let's continue for a while until we

:13:14.:13:15.

Let's go to the race for the White House.

:13:16.:13:19.

Both the Clinton and Trump camps have issued new claims

:13:20.:13:23.

about the FBI's investigation into emails which might be linked

:13:24.:13:25.

The Democrats say the timing of the announcement

:13:26.:13:29.

needs to be explained - while the Republicans

:13:30.:13:34.

say it shows how Mrs Clinton is a risky choice.

:13:35.:13:36.

Our Washington Correspondent Laura Bicker has the latest.

:13:37.:13:45.

Hillary Clinton is getting ready for a fight.

:13:46.:13:50.

This race was always going to be close, but after the FBI announced

:13:51.:13:54.

a new inquiry into her e-mails, the polls appear to be tightening.

:13:55.:14:00.

The FBI has been investigating Mrs Clinton's e-mails for most

:14:01.:14:04.

She was cleared in July of mishandling classified

:14:05.:14:09.

information by using a private e-mail server while

:14:10.:14:11.

New e-mails surfaced during a separate FBI inquiry

:14:12.:14:22.

He's accused of sending sexual content to a minor.

:14:23.:14:26.

He's also the estranged husband of Huma Abedin, who is

:14:27.:14:29.

The FBI director James Comey admitted he doesn't know

:14:30.:14:35.

He was a registered Republican and many Democrats say he has broken

:14:36.:14:41.

It's extremely puzzling, why would you break

:14:42.:14:46.

Why would you release information that is so incomplete

:14:47.:14:52.

when you haven't even seen the material yourself,

:14:53.:14:54.

Why would you talk about an ongoing investigation?

:14:55.:14:59.

Donald Trump might have a reason to look cheerful in church today.

:15:00.:15:02.

It looked like his own controversies might sink his campaign

:15:03.:15:05.

but now his rival's problems dominate the agenda.

:15:06.:15:07.

And his team have accused Mrs Clinton of playing

:15:08.:15:09.

What we are seeing now is the old playbook of the politics

:15:10.:15:23.

of personal destruction that the Clintons have rolled out

:15:24.:15:25.

They are targeting the director of the FBI and questioning

:15:26.:15:28.

They call these announcements "October surprises",

:15:29.:15:36.

the work for Hillary Clinton now is to prevent it

:15:37.:15:38.

Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come...

:15:39.:15:50.

Britain's Andy Murray closes in on the world number one -

:15:51.:15:53.

with his seventh title of the year in sight.

:15:54.:16:21.

After 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have included a

:16:22.:16:29.

chapter of history. No more suspicion, no more fear, no more

:16:30.:16:32.

uncertainty of what each day might bring. Ignition, and left of

:16:33.:16:39.

discovery with a of six heroes and one American legend. It's beautiful.

:16:40.:16:55.

A milestone in human history. Born today, this girl in India is the

:16:56.:17:02.

7,000,000,000th person on the planet.

:17:03.:17:12.

Italy has been hit by its most violent earthquake for

:17:13.:17:16.

nearly forty years - close to the region where nearly

:17:17.:17:18.

three hundred people were killed in August.

:17:19.:17:23.

The EU and Canada have finally signed a trade deal.

:17:24.:17:25.

Fifteen years ago a Bangladeshi girl, Purmina Shil,

:17:26.:17:36.

was attacked and raped by a gang of men.

:17:37.:17:38.

Since then, she's succesfully rebuilt her life -

:17:39.:17:42.

But now the abuse has taken another turn, with social media

:17:43.:17:44.

The BBC has been to talk to Purmina as part

:17:45.:17:48.

of our Shame series - here's her story.

:17:49.:20:37.

A very brave young woman telling us her story. If you want to see more

:20:38.:20:44.

on this series you can visit the website.

:20:45.:20:52.

That's at BBC.COM/news - and you can also join

:20:53.:20:54.

the conversation on twitter, with the hashtag 'Shame Online.'

:20:55.:20:58.

Pakistan's interior minister says he's ordered the release on bail

:20:59.:21:01.

of an Afghan woman who gained worldwide exposure in the 1980s

:21:02.:21:05.

when a photo of her - and her striking green eyes -

:21:06.:21:08.

was used on the cover of National Geographic.

:21:09.:21:11.

The woman, Sharbat Gula, was arrested last week for having

:21:12.:21:15.

bogus Pakistani identity papers, in a case that attracted

:21:16.:21:18.

Nico Rosberg has edged closer to clinching the world championship

:21:19.:21:34.

title despite finishing second to his Mercedes team-mate

:21:35.:21:36.

Lewis Hamilton at the Mexican Grand Prix.

:21:37.:21:38.

Hamilton kept his hopes of retaining his title alive with the win.

:21:39.:21:42.

It was his 30th victory after starting a race from pole.

:21:43.:21:46.

But Rosberg still leads the championship by 19 points

:21:47.:21:49.

with two races left - he would win with victory

:21:50.:21:51.

Chelsea are are up to fourth in the Premier League

:21:52.:21:57.

and a point off the leaders - after they beat Southampton

:21:58.:22:00.

Goals from Eden Hazard and a superb second half strike from Diego Costa

:22:01.:22:04.

earned Antonio Conte's side all three points on the south coast.

:22:05.:22:07.

The victory was Chelsea's fourth in a row in the league -

:22:08.:22:10.

a feat they last achieved in April last year.

:22:11.:22:16.

It's fantastic because the confidence increases.

:22:17.:22:20.

And we can continue to work very hard, and we are able

:22:21.:22:23.

And today, also, I want to tell thanks to our support.

:22:24.:22:38.

Everton ended a sequence of five matches without a win securing a 2-0

:22:39.:22:41.

Romelu Lukaku opened the scoring for the Toffees five

:22:42.:22:45.

minutes after the break, heading home from close

:22:46.:22:48.

range for his seventh Premier League goal of the season.

:22:49.:22:51.

Ross Barkley added a second that secured the points

:22:52.:22:53.

I missed a little bit of belief in the qualities,

:22:54.:23:03.

The second half was totally different.

:23:04.:23:06.

Good defending, good pace in front, good football.

:23:07.:23:12.

And the first goal, the fast first goal after half-time brought

:23:13.:23:15.

And it was a different team in the second half.

:23:16.:23:27.

Bangladesh have beaten England in a Test match for the first time

:23:28.:23:29.

after a dramatic afternoon session on the third day of

:23:30.:23:32.

Having set the tourists 273 for victory, England were looking

:23:33.:23:36.

But all ten of their wickets fell during an incredible two hours.

:23:37.:23:40.

Star of the show was the 19 year old Mehedi Hasan who took six

:23:41.:23:44.

wickets on the day, including the final one of Steven Finn.

:23:45.:23:46.

There's been an upset in the final of the end of season WTA tournament.

:23:47.:23:55.

Dominika Cibulkova has beaten the world number one

:23:56.:23:57.

Angelique Kerber to secure by far the biggest win of her career.

:23:58.:24:00.

Cibulkova, who began the year ranked 38th in the world

:24:01.:24:05.

In the first match I play against Angelique Kerber, that first match

:24:06.:24:12.

gave me confidence I could beat her. That my game is good enough to beat

:24:13.:24:17.

the world number one and Angelique Kerber. These are my thoughts coming

:24:18.:24:24.

into these finals, and I was feeling it from the first point until the

:24:25.:24:31.

last point. Yeah, and only the first match point. The first two match

:24:32.:24:35.

points I realised what the situation is. But after that I only had one

:24:36.:24:40.

goal and I knew I can do it. And now - a lesson in why you should

:24:41.:24:44.

never jump into a cage at the zoo, no matter what animal

:24:45.:24:54.

is living there. This young man was apparently trying

:24:55.:24:56.

to impress his female friends during a visit to a zoo in Nanching

:24:57.:24:58.

in China, by climbing The bear, My-ling, was asleep

:24:59.:25:02.

at first - but then it woke up, and didn't take

:25:03.:25:06.

the intrusion kindly. Instead of running away,

:25:07.:25:09.

it grabbed the man by the leg, refusing to let go, and eventually

:25:10.:25:13.

wrestling him to the floor. It took the interloper several

:25:14.:25:18.

minutes to free himself and escape The authorities say he ran away

:25:19.:25:21.

before they could stop him. The Panda was fine,

:25:22.:25:26.

and witnesses say the only damage was to the man's trousers -

:25:27.:25:30.

and perhaps his pride. You can get in touch about that

:25:31.:25:47.

story and any other. That's it from me and the team. Do look at the

:25:48.:25:52.

Facebook page and website. Goodbye for now.

:25:53.:26:11.

Good evening, it's been another very mild day with temperatures

:26:12.:26:12.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS