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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK
Italy is hit by its most violent earthquake in almost 40 years.
Buildings have collapsed but there are no reports of deaths.
As large numbers of people prepare to spend the night outside.
The tremor causes fresh damage in Amatrice, where nearly 300 people
After weeks of uncertainty, the European Union and Canada
finally sign that landmark trade deal.
The alternative to free trade is isolationism and protectionism. A
return to nationalism, and as a result, the threat of violent
conflict. On the campaign trail,
Hillary Clinton demands to know why the FBI launched a fresh
investigation into her emails, And we'll bring you what happened
when a young man sneaked For the fourth time in three months,
a major earthquake has This one is the most powerful
the country has seen It struck near to the region
where nearly 300 people The 6.6 earthquake happened
northeast of the capital Rome. Striking near to the town of Norcia
in the south east of the country. Whese are the pictures coming out
of the affected area - this is the town of Talentino -
and as you can see many buildings It appears at this early stage
that nobody has died. Emergency teams are trying
to reach people trapped Our correspondent James Reynolds
has been to Norcia At 7:40 this morning central
Italy had its fourth The Church of St Benedict
in the nearby town of Norcia In this region, you need to know how
to get away quickly. In the hours after this morning's
quake, the ground continued to move. There was just an
after-shock just now. Some stones from this ancient
entranceway fell down. You can see there is still a sense
from people here that the earthquakes, the after-shocks,
have not yet finished. That this is, at the moment,
not a safe place for people to live. You just saw what happened,
the after-shock. We're trying to find our things,
and then we'll go. For now, a park bench may be
the safest place. Since the first quake in August,
many have decided to stay outside. Stefano Boldrini and his
eight-year-old daughter, I asked if they would
remain in Norcia. There is no more school,
or church, or police station. Italian officials in Norcia have set
up an emergency headquarters. The after-shocks have now become
so common that no one Here, the computer equipment shakes,
but registration carries on. And this town will help its dazed
residents move from No-one is sure when the next
quake will come. So why is this region experiencing
so many earthquakes? Well, to answer that question, I've
been speaking to Dr Carmine Galasso. He is an Italian himself and
lecturer in Earthquake Engineering. He spoke to me in the studio
earlier. Well, it's definitely, this one,
today's one, is the largest. The ones that started
on the 24th of August. With a 6.2 magnitude that
completely destroyed Amatrice. So there was one 5 days ago,
on the 26th of October, a 6.1, This one was 6.6,
the largest in this sequence. For sure, they are related
to each other. There is a relationship but it's
still very difficult to understand. We would conventionally say
that the largest one is a main shaft We would conventionally say
that the largest one is a main shock Until yesterday, until the 26th,
this was a sequence of after-shocks, but now with today's event,
it's definitely a new one. What can happen is because of one
event, there is what we call in our field stress transfer,
a transfer of energy And then, for example this recent
event, today's event, is probably generated by the rupture
of another fault segment. It's related to the previous one,
but it broke a new fault segment That suggests there are more
earthquakes that are going to happen What is the advice for
people living there? Well, definitely there will be
after-shocks for days, probably for weeks, probably
for months, because usually given such a big
main shock there will definitely We expect the event
in the following days will be of lower magnitude but we cannot say
with certainty, so it's always We can say there is a very low
probability of larger magnitude events, but definitely there will be
a series of after-shocks So the good thing is that
after the events on the 26th, people evacuated, so that's why
there were no casualties today. So some people are not living
in buildings that are already strongly damaged by the previous
events in the last few days. Reconstruction will take some time
and we are still in the full What's your take on the
buildings in these areas? They are beautiful and historical,
but they also can't just be torn Italy has a very advanced
state-of-the-art building code, but this applies
to the new buildings. As you are saying, in this
area they are mainly historical buildings,
and therefore they have been built several hundred years ago
without consideration What you can do are new techniques,
for example composite materials that have traditionally been used
in aerospace or They can now be used in civil
engineering for buildings. You can literally do wrapping
of columns with carbon fibre, for example, which is very
advanced, very strong It's always difficult to say,
especially for historical buildings when you also want be
careful not to be invasive, because you want to keep the beauty
of the buildings that are particularly important
for tourism, and its main driver The EU and Canada have
signed their delayed free trade deal, held up last week
because of objections The pact will remove 99% of tariffs
and is expected to generate up Damian Grammaticas reports from
Brussels. As the UK prepares to leave,
Canada has arrived. Look at the force in the hug,
a leader who is embracing the EU. You'd never have thought trade
could be so emotional. "Difficult things are
difficult, but we made it". So, are there any
implications for Brexit? Does this set the standards
for a Brexit deal? I don't see any relation
between what we are signing today Outside the summit venue today,
protesters determined, even at this stage, to stop
the EU-Canada agreement. They fear it gives big business too
much power - public feeling that And that's despite the fact EU
leaders described it as the least controversial imaginable,
one that should bring economic growth and jobs to benefit
half a billion people. Justin Trudeau certainly
seemed pleased. That leadership that we were able
to show is not just something that will reassure our own citizens,
but should be an example to the world of how we can move
forward on trade deals that do But even for the best of friends,
this took patience to achieve. That is why it so obviously
means so much to them. The biggest takeaway for Brexit
from this deal, even with good will on all sides,
it took seven years for the EU Damian Grammaticas,
BBC News, Brussels. Does this deal between the EU and
Canada give hope to the UK after it leaves the EU?
Earlier I spoke with Sir Andrew Cahn, who used to head UK
Hopeful signs from the agreement of this deal, firstly that the EU
actually can get its act together and agree something.
It has taken seven years, and it's still not finally finalised.
The national parliaments have to approve it.
But what we have seen is that the EU, at the end of the
The second thing is that the EU wants liberalising deals and that's
something which is mutually beneficial that can be agreed.
Those are the hopeful signs, but do remember that an EU-UK deal
would be enormously more concentrated than this EU- Canada
And it's not just about liberalising, it's about reducing
free trade and free movement and so on.
Canada started from a position of saying, let's liberalise.
The UK is starting from a position of saying, we want to introduce
new limits, new controls, new regulations.
We don't want the freedoms we currently have, we want fewer.
respond to Britain's position that it wants to control freedom
How do you think the EU will respond to that,
respond to Britain's position that it wants to control freedom
of movement whilst having tariff free access to the EU market?
Well, I'm not sure that tariffs are going to be
Tariffs are pretty low all the way round.
Much more are things like mutual recognition of qualifications.
Services, service provision, financial services, the protections
for the City of London and the ability of the City
of London to trade and provide banking services in Europe.
Those are the sorts of things we are going to be talking about.
I think the European side, at least initially, is going to say,
well if you don't want free movement of our people, if you don't
want to be a member of the club, we want to give you a less good deal
They are bound to say that, they have to say that.
And what about the fact that there was goodwill on both
sides when it came to the EU and Canada but it
This isn't going to be a short process, is it, for Britain?
Well, absolutely, it's going to take a long time.
Those people who say we can do a free-trade agreement
between the UK and the EU in just a few months or even
within two years, I think are overoptimistic, let's say.
The Canada deal took seven years and it's still not finalised.
It will be but still hasn't been completely finalised.
I think if we can do a deal, a permanent free-trade arrangement
between the EU and the UK in three or four years,
So we are going to have to have transitional arrangements
of the two-year period once the Article 50
We are going to have to have some arrangement
which says, let's continue for a while until we
Let's go to the race for the White House.
Both the Clinton and Trump camps have issued new claims
about the FBI's investigation into emails which might be linked
The Democrats say the timing of the announcement
needs to be explained - while the Republicans
say it shows how Mrs Clinton is a risky choice.
Our Washington Correspondent Laura Bicker has the latest.
Hillary Clinton is getting ready for a fight.
This race was always going to be close, but after the FBI announced
a new inquiry into her e-mails, the polls appear to be tightening.
The FBI has been investigating Mrs Clinton's e-mails for most
She was cleared in July of mishandling classified
information by using a private e-mail server while
New e-mails surfaced during a separate FBI inquiry
He's accused of sending sexual content to a minor.
He's also the estranged husband of Huma Abedin, who is
The FBI director James Comey admitted he doesn't know
He was a registered Republican and many Democrats say he has broken
It's extremely puzzling, why would you break
Why would you release information that is so incomplete
when you haven't even seen the material yourself,
Why would you talk about an ongoing investigation?
Donald Trump might have a reason to look cheerful in church today.
It looked like his own controversies might sink his campaign
but now his rival's problems dominate the agenda.
And his team have accused Mrs Clinton of playing
What we are seeing now is the old playbook of the politics
of personal destruction that the Clintons have rolled out
They are targeting the director of the FBI and questioning
They call these announcements "October surprises",
the work for Hillary Clinton now is to prevent it
Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come...
Britain's Andy Murray closes in on the world number one -
with his seventh title of the year in sight.
After 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have included a
chapter of history. No more suspicion, no more fear, no more
uncertainty of what each day might bring. Ignition, and left of
discovery with a of six heroes and one American legend. It's beautiful.
A milestone in human history. Born today, this girl in India is the
7,000,000,000th person on the planet.
Italy has been hit by its most violent earthquake for
nearly forty years - close to the region where nearly
three hundred people were killed in August.
The EU and Canada have finally signed a trade deal.
Fifteen years ago a Bangladeshi girl, Purmina Shil,
was attacked and raped by a gang of men.
Since then, she's succesfully rebuilt her life -
But now the abuse has taken another turn, with social media
The BBC has been to talk to Purmina as part
of our Shame series - here's her story.
A very brave young woman telling us her story. If you want to see more
on this series you can visit the website.
That's at BBC.COM/news - and you can also join
the conversation on twitter, with the hashtag 'Shame Online.'
Pakistan's interior minister says he's ordered the release on bail
of an Afghan woman who gained worldwide exposure in the 1980s
when a photo of her - and her striking green eyes -
was used on the cover of National Geographic.
The woman, Sharbat Gula, was arrested last week for having
bogus Pakistani identity papers, in a case that attracted
Nico Rosberg has edged closer to clinching the world championship
title despite finishing second to his Mercedes team-mate
Lewis Hamilton at the Mexican Grand Prix.
Hamilton kept his hopes of retaining his title alive with the win.
It was his 30th victory after starting a race from pole.
But Rosberg still leads the championship by 19 points
with two races left - he would win with victory
Chelsea are are up to fourth in the Premier League
and a point off the leaders - after they beat Southampton
Goals from Eden Hazard and a superb second half strike from Diego Costa
earned Antonio Conte's side all three points on the south coast.
The victory was Chelsea's fourth in a row in the league -
a feat they last achieved in April last year.
It's fantastic because the confidence increases.
And we can continue to work very hard, and we are able
And today, also, I want to tell thanks to our support.
Everton ended a sequence of five matches without a win securing a 2-0
Romelu Lukaku opened the scoring for the Toffees five
minutes after the break, heading home from close
range for his seventh Premier League goal of the season.
Ross Barkley added a second that secured the points
I missed a little bit of belief in the qualities,
The second half was totally different.
Good defending, good pace in front, good football.
And the first goal, the fast first goal after half-time brought
And it was a different team in the second half.
Bangladesh have beaten England in a Test match for the first time
after a dramatic afternoon session on the third day of
Having set the tourists 273 for victory, England were looking
But all ten of their wickets fell during an incredible two hours.
Star of the show was the 19 year old Mehedi Hasan who took six
wickets on the day, including the final one of Steven Finn.
There's been an upset in the final of the end of season WTA tournament.
Dominika Cibulkova has beaten the world number one
Angelique Kerber to secure by far the biggest win of her career.
Cibulkova, who began the year ranked 38th in the world
In the first match I play against Angelique Kerber, that first match
gave me confidence I could beat her. That my game is good enough to beat
the world number one and Angelique Kerber. These are my thoughts coming
into these finals, and I was feeling it from the first point until the
last point. Yeah, and only the first match point. The first two match
points I realised what the situation is. But after that I only had one
goal and I knew I can do it. And now - a lesson in why you should
never jump into a cage at the zoo, no matter what animal
is living there. This young man was apparently trying
to impress his female friends during a visit to a zoo in Nanching
in China, by climbing The bear, My-ling, was asleep
at first - but then it woke up, and didn't take
the intrusion kindly. Instead of running away,
it grabbed the man by the leg, refusing to let go, and eventually
wrestling him to the floor. It took the interloper several
minutes to free himself and escape The authorities say he ran away
before they could stop him. The Panda was fine,
and witnesses say the only damage was to the man's trousers -
and perhaps his pride. You can get in touch about that
story and any other. That's it from me and the team. Do look at the
Facebook page and website. Goodbye for now.
Good evening, it's been another very mild day with temperatures