31/10/2016 World News Today


31/10/2016

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Reporting from Washington, I'm Jane O'Brien.

:00:00.:00:10.

The Clinton camp in damage control, while Trump seizes -

:00:11.:00:13.

650,000, you know what I call that? That's

:00:14.:00:26.

The timing couldn't be worse for Hillary Clinton

:00:27.:00:30.

and the FBI is under fire for releasing the information

:00:31.:00:33.

We'll get reaction from our correspondents on the campaign trail

:00:34.:00:37.

where the candidates are holding rallies.

:00:38.:00:43.

We're on the ground with Iraqi forces as they take the last town

:00:44.:00:48.

the Islamic State group's final major city in Iraq.

:00:49.:00:54.

Officials say it's going to cost $9 billion

:00:55.:00:59.

to rebuild towns and villages in central Italy.

:01:00.:01:15.

With just eight days until the US presidential election,

:01:16.:01:18.

And this time the FBI is at the centre of a political

:01:19.:01:28.

scandal that has rocked the race to the White House.

:01:29.:01:30.

A new cache of emails have been found that

:01:31.:01:32.

could reopen the investigation into Hillary Clinton's use

:01:33.:01:34.

And while the significance of the emails isn't yet clear,

:01:35.:01:37.

the Republican candidate Donald Trump is seizing the moment,

:01:38.:01:40.

as our Chief Correspondent Gavin Hewitt reports.

:01:41.:01:45.

Hillary Clinton drops by Betty's Diner.

:01:46.:01:49.

There are not many votes to

:01:50.:01:51.

be had here, but surrounded by new controversy, she needs

:01:52.:01:54.

to fire up her traditional support from the

:01:55.:01:56.

She and her aides are troubled by signs that a

:01:57.:02:03.

new enquiry into her e-mails is weakening her support.

:02:04.:02:06.

But returning back later after another long day

:02:07.:02:12.

campaigning, she and her team believe they retain an advantage in

:02:13.:02:15.

organisation but her lead is narrowing.

:02:16.:02:17.

While in office, Hillary Clinton relied on a private e-mail

:02:18.:02:20.

account on her own server, sending thousands of messages, both personal

:02:21.:02:22.

The FBI said that was negligent but did not press

:02:23.:02:28.

Now in a separate case involving the husband of one of her

:02:29.:02:35.

closest aides, more of Mrs Clinton's e-mails

:02:36.:02:36.

have come to light and the

:02:37.:02:38.

Hillary Clinton's running mate today addressed the issue.

:02:39.:02:45.

The FBI put out this very unusual letter,

:02:46.:02:50.

very unprecedented, they're not specific

:02:51.:02:52.

cash in and they are also not generally supposed to put up

:02:53.:02:56.

politically sensitive stuff right before an election.

:02:57.:02:58.

There may be some distractions but we won't be

:02:59.:03:00.

Some Democrats have turned on the FBI, accusing the bureau of

:03:01.:03:08.

breaking the law by revealing politically sensitive information so

:03:09.:03:10.

It's far from clear whether the latest FBI enquiry

:03:11.:03:15.

has changed many minds amongst Hillary Clinton's supporters but on

:03:16.:03:17.

one thing everybody agrees, if the focus

:03:18.:03:20.

is on Hillary Clinton and her

:03:21.:03:24.

e-mails, then it's not on Donald Trump and his scandals,

:03:25.:03:27.

Donald Trump calls the finding of 650,000 e-mails

:03:28.:03:34.

It doesn't matter that nothing has been proved or that

:03:35.:03:40.

the e-mails may be duplicates of those already studied.

:03:41.:03:43.

He denounces Hillary Clinton's actions as crooked

:03:44.:03:44.

That was so bad would happen to originally and it took guts for the

:03:45.:03:56.

director to make the move that he made in light of the kind of

:03:57.:04:01.

opposition he had, where they're trying to protect her from criminal

:04:02.:04:02.

prosecution. It may well be that the e-mails

:04:03.:04:06.

will The Democrats had wanted

:04:07.:04:08.

the election to be a referendum on Trump and his fitness to be

:04:09.:04:14.

president- in these final days, all the attention

:04:15.:04:16.

is on his opponent. Let's get the latest

:04:17.:04:21.

from our correspondents on the campaign trails now -

:04:22.:04:27.

Aleem Maqbool is at a Trump rally in Warren, Michigan

:04:28.:04:30.

and Gary O'Donoghue is at a Clinton The Clinton campaign has had a

:04:31.:04:42.

weekend to digest this shocking news, what's the mood to now?

:04:43.:04:49.

Effectively, they are in a PR war with the FBI at the moment. They

:04:50.:04:56.

know the details of all these 60 thousand e-mails will not be cleared

:04:57.:05:00.

up by polling day so they have to win the argument, in public opinion,

:05:01.:05:03.

but whether it was a good idea. Mrs Clinton says she won't get

:05:04.:05:07.

distracted and a few minutes ago behind me, she made her case. I'm

:05:08.:05:15.

sure a lot of you may be asking with this new e-mail story is about, and

:05:16.:05:18.

why in the world the FBI would decide to jump into an election,

:05:19.:05:24.

with no evidence of any wrongdoing, with just days to go. Also worth

:05:25.:05:31.

saying, the FBI was booed here when the e-mails were mentioned. You

:05:32.:05:35.

don't often hear that at a political rally. That's the latest from Gary.

:05:36.:05:45.

Let's go to Michigan. You don't think of Michigan is being a swing

:05:46.:05:50.

state so why is Donald Trump there, it doesn't feel he now has momentum

:05:51.:05:56.

on his side? It's really interesting, it is a democratic

:05:57.:06:01.

state, they have been many polls over the last couple of months

:06:02.:06:06.

carried out and the none of them show him ahead. And yet, the

:06:07.:06:14.

schedule was announced after the e-mail furore came about on Friday,

:06:15.:06:20.

where the FBI announced they were reopening this investigation into

:06:21.:06:22.

Mrs Clinton and suddenly they decided this was on, that they could

:06:23.:06:27.

come to states like this and make an impact. We spoke to the hundreds of

:06:28.:06:32.

people who are in this stadium, waiting for Donald Trump to appear,

:06:33.:06:37.

they feel that something has changed with that announcement by the FBI. I

:06:38.:06:41.

have to say the first polls that have come out since that

:06:42.:06:44.

announcement haven't really changed things, and also that spending time

:06:45.:06:49.

going around the country, the worldview of Hillary Clinton

:06:50.:06:53.

supporters and Donald Trump supporters is so different, I can't

:06:54.:06:57.

imagine anyone jumping from Hillary Clinton to being a double Trump

:06:58.:07:01.

supporter because of the FBI is saying but there are those in

:07:02.:07:07.

between, they stay away from the polls. Hillary Clinton already has a

:07:08.:07:11.

problem in energising the vote, not a problem Donald Trump has had, this

:07:12.:07:17.

could add to that as well. And it is only Monday, we have the whole week

:07:18.:07:21.

something else to happen. Thank you both. We will have more on the

:07:22.:07:29.

latest twists and turns of this most unpredictable campaign later.

:07:30.:07:32.

Iraqi special forces trying to drive so-called Islamic State

:07:33.:07:35.

from its stronghold in the country are now said to be very close

:07:36.:07:38.

For three weeks US-backed Iraqi troops

:07:39.:07:41.

as well as Kurdish Peshmerga Forces have edged closer to the city.

:07:42.:07:45.

Troops in the east have now reached the village of Bazwaya -

:07:46.:07:48.

Our correspondent, Ian Pannell, travelled with some of the elite

:07:49.:07:52.

The final battle for Mosul is getting close.

:07:53.:07:59.

Many expected these troops to pause, but that isn't what happened today.

:08:00.:08:04.

It's just gone six o'clock in the morning and as you can seen,

:08:05.:08:07.

a large military convoy is starting to form up.

:08:08.:08:12.

We are with one section of the counterterrorism forces.

:08:13.:08:15.

What we are told is that there is an armoured division that's

:08:16.:08:18.

going to move its way through the desert,

:08:19.:08:20.

there is a column of special forces and counterterrorism units that

:08:21.:08:23.

on the last two villages before Mosul.

:08:24.:08:27.

We are also told that if they have enough momentum

:08:28.:08:30.

and are able to move, they're not going to stop.

:08:31.:08:34.

The roads have been laced with IEDs, home-made bombs that

:08:35.:08:37.

have killed so many, so the convoy

:08:38.:08:39.

The armoured column has now moved out into the desert

:08:40.:08:46.

in what they call a flanking manoeuvre, in other words just

:08:47.:08:52.

going round the town of Bazwaya, which they are trying to get to.

:08:53.:08:59.

We're in the lead vehicles here with the commander of

:09:00.:09:01.

Over there is the town of Bazwaya, which they're

:09:02.:09:05.

If they manage to get through that, they will move on even further

:09:06.:09:10.

We're moving along now inside a heavily armoured Humvee.

:09:11.:09:20.

You can see there are two men, two soldiers in the front here,

:09:21.:09:23.

and this man's foot belongs to a gunner who is up in the turret,

:09:24.:09:30.

firing large calibre weapons are told what they think

:09:31.:09:32.

We are now moving into the town of Bazwaya.

:09:33.:09:42.

Which is going to put us within eyesight of Mosul.

:09:43.:09:51.

The troops fought their way into Bazwaya.

:09:52.:09:53.

The last town standing between the Iraqi government

:09:54.:09:55.

And the closer they get, the fiercer the resistance.

:09:56.:10:11.

Units within the counterterrorism unit have just advanced

:10:12.:10:15.

They just opened attack on what they think are IS positions,

:10:16.:10:22.

we've just been told to get back into the vehicles,

:10:23.:10:25.

they have another unit coming from the other side of the town.

:10:26.:10:34.

There is also a fighter jet overhead trying to give some cover,

:10:35.:10:37.

as you would expect, it's a very confused, dangerous situation.

:10:38.:10:40.

The few families left here have been trapped between

:10:41.:10:42.

If they are ever to live in peace, this campaign will also need to plan

:10:43.:10:49.

Today has been a successful mission for the counterterrorism forces.

:10:50.:10:53.

They managed to take the last town before the city of Mosul.

:10:54.:10:59.

The operations have stopped for today, they are no less

:11:00.:11:02.

than a mile away from the heart of the Islamic caliphate.

:11:03.:11:11.

More families homeless, more lives lost.

:11:12.:11:12.

And the real battle is still yet to come.

:11:13.:11:23.

They will have the latest from Iraq as things unfold.

:11:24.:11:27.

"Italy's soul was unsettled." Those are the words

:11:28.:11:29.

of the Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, speaking

:11:30.:11:31.

about the country's most powerful earthquake since 1980.

:11:32.:11:33.

More than 15,000 people are now homeless -

:11:34.:11:35.

Officials say it could cost around $9 billion

:11:36.:11:42.

to rebuild the wrecked towns and villages.

:11:43.:11:44.

It was the fourth earthquake to hit central Italy in recent months -

:11:45.:11:47.

and the worst hit town is Norcia, southeast of Perugia,

:11:48.:11:51.

In the tranquility of the Umrbian countryside, life is in ruin.

:11:52.:12:03.

It's hard to believe no-one was killed here.

:12:04.:12:05.

The earthquake, Italy's strongest in nearly 40 years.

:12:06.:12:10.

Thousands of people are now homeless.

:12:11.:12:12.

In Norcia, this camp, set up to house them

:12:13.:12:16.

after earthquakes last week, is closed.

:12:17.:12:18.

They have all been told to leave the area.

:12:19.:12:21.

TRANSLATION: We have spent the last 24 hours here.

:12:22.:12:30.

There's nothing left working in Norcia, no shops, no facilities.

:12:31.:12:36.

No-one except emergency workers can go into the old walled town.

:12:37.:12:48.

Norcia's ancient buildings now rubble.

:12:49.:12:50.

A structural engineer has assessed the damage, the Italian

:12:51.:12:53.

The Prime Minister's promised the region hundreds

:12:54.:12:57.

For now, the focus is on rebuilding communities, but there's a big

:12:58.:13:04.

as yet unanswered question here - how do you protect towns

:13:05.:13:07.

and villages like this which lie in an area notoriously vulnerable

:13:08.:13:10.

For this woman, history repeats itself.

:13:11.:13:19.

Her father helped reconstruct the town after an earthquake

:13:20.:13:22.

Today she says, we find ourselves living that catastrophe.

:13:23.:13:30.

My father says it's worse than it was back then.

:13:31.:13:32.

It's been a shock for us, for all the people that

:13:33.:13:35.

Norcia's medieval walls were built into the shape of heart.

:13:36.:13:41.

Broken now, one woman told us, but strong enough to survive.

:13:42.:13:56.

The Dutch anti-immigration politician Geert Wilders has gone

:13:57.:13:58.

on trial, accused of inciting racial hatred after he led a chant

:13:59.:14:01.

demanding there should be fewer Moroccans in the Netherlands.

:14:02.:14:04.

But Mr Wilders - well known for his provocative views on Islam -

:14:05.:14:07.

has refused to attend, saying it's a political trial.

:14:08.:14:12.

Lebanon's parliament has elected Michel Aoun as president,

:14:13.:14:14.

ending a political stand-off that has left the post empty

:14:15.:14:17.

Speaking shortly after his appointment, the former army-general

:14:18.:14:21.

vowed to prevent the conflicts in the region

:14:22.:14:25.

Police in Turkey have detained the editor in chief of

:14:26.:14:31.

the leading opposition newspaper, Joumhouriyet.

:14:32.:14:34.

At least a dozen senior employees are being held

:14:35.:14:37.

on what the government described as "terror-related" charges.

:14:38.:14:40.

They're accused of links to the banned Kurdish

:14:41.:14:42.

militant group, the PKK, and the movement of Fethullah Gulen,

:14:43.:14:45.

the exiled cleric blamed by the Turkish authorities

:14:46.:14:47.

For us here in BBC-land, it's a big anniversary.

:14:48.:15:00.

This week marks 80 years since the BBC launched the world's

:15:01.:15:02.

It was 1936 in London, and like so often in the history

:15:03.:15:09.

of TV, the launch was followed by a battle of competing technologies.

:15:10.:15:13.

Our correspondent Nick Higham reports.

:15:14.:15:19.

The controllers are ready on vision...and sound.

:15:20.:15:23.

Vision and sound are on, the station goes on the air.

:15:24.:15:28.

It was pioneering, high-tech, thrilling.

:15:29.:15:32.

80 years ago, the BBC launched television,

:15:33.:15:34.

with a promotional film singing, quite literally, of the

:15:35.:15:38.

# Mystic, magic rays all about us in the blue...#

:15:39.:15:48.

Now, that first broadcast and some of the equipment used has been

:15:49.:15:51.

At Cambridge University, Dr Hugh Hunt rebuilt one

:15:52.:16:00.

So, this is what the disk looks like, and you can

:16:01.:16:07.

see it has got tiny little holes in it.

:16:08.:16:10.

A bright light focused by a lens shone through a darkened box

:16:11.:16:17.

The reflections were picked up by photoelectric cells.

:16:18.:16:24.

The replica has lower resolution than the cameras used in 1936,

:16:25.:16:30.

so it necessitated some pretty heavy make-up.

:16:31.:16:33.

The technology had been developed by the father of television,

:16:34.:17:02.

John Logie Baird, starting in the 1920s.

:17:03.:17:03.

He took the technology from the 1920s, through

:17:04.:17:05.

He understood the mechanical side, the optical side, the

:17:06.:17:13.

He understood the entirety of his technology.

:17:14.:17:19.

The venue for those first broadcasts was Alexandra Palace in north

:17:20.:17:26.

London, where Baird's cameras were pitched against a rival,

:17:27.:17:31.

To televise scenes like this in the studio, John Logie Baird

:17:32.:17:40.

His equipment was cumbersome and immobile.

:17:41.:17:47.

EMI's electronic cameras, by contrast, could move around

:17:48.:17:53.

After three months, Baird's system was scrapped.

:17:54.:17:58.

Those early viewers were treated to dramas, dancing girls,

:17:59.:18:01.

cookery programmes, motoring programmes

:18:02.:18:03.

Let's take a look at our top story again.

:18:04.:18:21.

Well, before they were nominated to run for the highest public office

:18:22.:18:24.

here in the United States, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump

:18:25.:18:27.

SHE had high approval ratings as Secretary of State -

:18:28.:18:30.

HE was a businessman turned reality TV star.

:18:31.:18:34.

Now they are among the most disliked candidates in presidential history.

:18:35.:18:37.

David Botti has been trying to find out.

:18:38.:18:46.

There are 320 million people in the US and, out of these,

:18:47.:18:49.

just two have a chance of becoming the next president.

:18:50.:18:54.

First, what you need to understand is that America in 2016

:18:55.:19:10.

New research found that median Democrats and Republicans have

:19:11.:19:17.

moved further apart over the past two decades.

:19:18.:19:20.

And they also found that partisan divisions are greatest among those

:19:21.:19:22.

who are the most active in the political process.

:19:23.:19:34.

"Most active in the political process."

:19:35.:19:35.

They are the ones voting in the primaries and there's the rub.

:19:36.:19:40.

The two mainstream candidates aren't chosen by the general public.

:19:41.:19:42.

They're chosen in the primaries by the parties, which are

:19:43.:19:44.

private institutions, with their own rules and agendas.

:19:45.:19:46.

Only 18% of Americans voted in the primaries.

:19:47.:19:54.

And only half of them chose either Trump or Clinton.

:19:55.:19:57.

And those candidates stood for a huge range of positions

:19:58.:20:06.

no longer represented for the voters.

:20:07.:20:09.

So, a small portion of the most polarised Americans chose

:20:10.:20:11.

the mainstream candidates, which may explain why there's less

:20:12.:20:15.

Both were, once upon a time, pretty popular.

:20:16.:20:25.

Clinton was an extremely popular Secretary of State,

:20:26.:20:27.

whose favourability rating was 63% when she left office.

:20:28.:20:31.

And Trump, of course he had the top-rated TV

:20:32.:20:33.

But stepping into that unforgiving presidential campaign arena tends

:20:34.:20:39.

For Clinton, she has a 30-year public record, with ups

:20:40.:20:48.

And her supporters say that sexism plays a role

:20:49.:20:51.

And for Trump, well, that bombastic behaviour that won

:20:52.:20:56.

TV viewers makes him unpopular, not just with traditional Democratic

:20:57.:20:59.

opponents, that's obvious, but also moderate Republicans,

:21:00.:21:01.

Even now, both candidates are very popular among certain groups

:21:02.:21:09.

And is this the year that voters demand more

:21:10.:21:20.

With me now is the Boston Globe's Deputy Washington

:21:21.:21:28.

The piece there was talking about people choosing from the lesser of

:21:29.:21:42.

two evils in many respects. What then do you think is good to be the

:21:43.:21:45.

impact of this latest twist in the e-mail scandal? It has been, whoever

:21:46.:21:52.

we are talking about is that the disadvantage, because so many people

:21:53.:21:57.

dislike both of the candidates. It did seem to turn a little bit

:21:58.:22:01.

towards Hillary Clinton can we spent several weeks talking about Donald

:22:02.:22:05.

Trump's issues with women, some of his past allegations of groping, and

:22:06.:22:09.

now that has changed into talking about Hillary Clinton and her e-mail

:22:10.:22:14.

scandal. I think it's an negative for Hillary Clinton, how big of a

:22:15.:22:18.

negative, I don't know, it's yet to be seen. You want a few polls to

:22:19.:22:23.

come out, Hillary Clinton still has an awful lot of advantages heading

:22:24.:22:28.

into next week's elections. And a lot of people have voted early? Yes,

:22:29.:22:36.

the state she has focused on, she has more pathways to getting the

:22:37.:22:39.

electoral votes that she needs in order to win, Donald Trump as the

:22:40.:22:43.

play in near-perfect game for that to happen. -- has to play in

:22:44.:22:49.

near-perfect game. I don't know if this is as many mental change as

:22:50.:22:52.

double Trump may need. The person feeling the heat even most is the

:22:53.:22:57.

FBI director. The White House says that President Obama does not think

:22:58.:23:03.

he was many plating the election when he made that announcement, but

:23:04.:23:07.

where does this leave Hillary Clinton? -- manipulating the

:23:08.:23:12.

election. We don't know what's in those e-mails, so it leads your

:23:13.:23:17.

imagination to run wild. You can imagine anything being in there.

:23:18.:23:23.

She's encouraging the FBI to release as much information as they have, I

:23:24.:23:30.

think it leaves her trying to play, she's trying to be on the fence

:23:31.:23:34.

going after the FBI director and his integrity you see a lot of her

:23:35.:23:39.

campaign, trying to question his decision to have this muddled

:23:40.:23:44.

release on Friday, where you don't know what you are dealing with.

:23:45.:23:48.

She's tried to change the discussion away from her e-mails onto him. We

:23:49.:23:54.

heard from our correspondent in Ohio, that some of the people at the

:23:55.:23:59.

rally actually booed the FBI. What about Trump, in Michigan, why is he

:24:00.:24:05.

there? Trump, his schedule is baffling, he was in New Mexico

:24:06.:24:09.

yesterday, he's not necessarily spending time in the key states that

:24:10.:24:13.

he needs to win. So either they are seeing something nobody else is

:24:14.:24:20.

seeing in the internal polling or he's off on a fool 's errand. Who

:24:21.:24:26.

knows. What is your best guess? Does he have enough momentum to take

:24:27.:24:29.

votes away from Hillary Clinton at this stage? I think Hillary Clinton

:24:30.:24:34.

still has a lot of the advantages heading in, but her campaign network

:24:35.:24:36.

and the early voting. Thank you. Finally, it's fair to say this

:24:37.:24:39.

election hasn't always projected the most positive image of America

:24:40.:24:41.

to the rest of the world, so spare a thought for the Secretary

:24:42.:24:44.

of State John Kerry. Speaking in London,

:24:45.:24:47.

he was frank about some The way it's made it

:24:48.:24:49.

difficult for me is when Foreign Minister in another country,

:24:50.:24:55.

the president or Foreign Minister of another country and say

:24:56.:25:03.

hey, we really want you to move more authoritatively towards democracy,

:25:04.:25:07.

they look at you, they are polite, but you can see

:25:08.:25:09.

the question in their head. And in their eyes and

:25:10.:25:14.

in their expression. With just eight days until the US

:25:15.:25:21.

presidential election, And this time the FBI

:25:22.:25:24.

is at the centre of a political scandal that has rocked

:25:25.:25:29.

the race for the White House. A new cache of emails has been found

:25:30.:25:32.

that could reopen the investigation into Hillary Clinton's use

:25:33.:25:37.

of a private server. But for now from me, Jane O'Brien,

:25:38.:25:42.

and the rest of the team, goodbye. It's been a spooky old Halloween

:25:43.:26:10.

already, some of us got into the low 20s early on but now the fog is

:26:11.:26:15.

reforming and it could be a real issue tomorrow morning, particularly

:26:16.:26:18.

in central and southern parts of England and

:26:19.:26:19.

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